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American Baptist Missionary Union 








American Baptist Missionary Union 




. • • - - 


A Baptismal Question, 525. 

A Blesdag in Disguise, 36. 

A Cart Journey in Burma, 589. 

A Day at Makabe, 21. 

A Good Association, 178. 

A Good Man Gone, 511. 

A Good Method. «24. 

A Joyful Day at iCityang, 57. 

A juQgle Church, sdS. 

A Mission Tour, 17^. 

A New Man in Chrat Jesus, 549. 

A Notable Sunday, 89. 

A Propheqr* 636. 

A Rovmd among the Stations of Swatow, China, 126. 

A THp on the Coneo Railway, 201. 

Adams, J. S., An Unsatisfactory Education, 203. 

Africa, Highway to Central, 199; How I Preached the 

Gospel in Central, 204 ; Mission to the Dwarfs of, 162 ; 

Report on, 404. 
An Eidle from Home, 555. 
An Index of Success. 548. 
An Unsatisfactory Eaucation, so^. 
Annual Meeting of the American Baptist Missionary 

Union, 233. 
Annual Report of the American Baptist Missionary 

Union. 251. 
Appeal from the Telugu Field, 529. 
Are Christians Renonsible ? $0$. 
Ashmore, W^ A Baptismal Question, 52s; A Round 

among the Stations, 126: The Doshisha, 530. 
Assam, Great Progress in Northern, 512 ; Report on, 312. 
Baldwin, B. A., Letter, 104. 
Banes, Charles W. , Deatii of, 82. 
Banks, C. B^ Letter, 105. 
Bsrchet, S. P., Medical Work in China, loi. 
Barker, Mrs. Jane W., Obituary, 80. 
Barrows, J. H., Visit to India, 79, 160,468 ; In Japan, 513. 
Beaman, W. F., Letter, 570. 
Beecher, Mrs. H. L., Death of, 546. 
Bennett. A. A., The Tidal Wave in Japan, 16. 
Bona, W. B., Letters, 66. 

Bngham, G. H., The Monthly Missionary Concert, 59. 
Brock, G. H., Letter. 65. 

Bucknell, Mrs. W., Consecrated Drawing-rooms, 130. 
Bunker, A., A Good Association, 178. 
Burma, In, 94: and Assam, 36; Baptist Anniversaries, 

86: Great Advance of, 161 ; Report on, 275 ; Theologi- 
cal Seminatry at Insein, 115, 610. 
Burr, E. D., The Problem of Local Finance, 137. 
Boshell, W., A NoUble Sunday, 89 ; Trial and Triumph, 

Cadot. A., Letter, 105. 
Campbell, G., Letters, 5, 28, 570. 
Carlm. J. W., Dawning of the £ 
Gsrvell, J. M., Letter 644. 
Carvell, Mrs. J. M., Death of, 546. 
Chamberhun, W. D., Testimony to the Benefit of System- 

atic Giving, C5. 
Chapman, JTh., Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 

Giving, (6. 
Chrkiang Baptist Association, ^68. 
China, Dawniog of the Dav m, jci ; Medical Work in, 

loi; New Day for, 144; New Openings in West, 184; 

Report on, 362 ; Statistics of Missions m, 1 16. 
Chinese Court of Justice, 120; Scholars, 16S, 587; Subil- 

ity, 176. 
Olivers, E. E., Resignation, 41. 
Clark, E. W^ Letters, 104, 645. 
Clark, Mrs. E. W., Letters, 191, 569. 
Clement, E. W., Letter, 2^: Tokvo Baptist Academy, 642. 
Oouf^, J. E., News and Notes from Ongole, z66. 
Cochrane, W. W., Letters, 104, 569. 
Colby, H. F., Foreign Missions a Test of Disdpleship, 
Colleges and Seminaries, What for? 119. 
Colossus of the North, The, 580. 
Commendations of Missions, 118, 464. 
CoQgo, Newsfnom the, 5431 SS% 613. 
\CcngJ> Rallfisty, T^e, 54^. ^ 
Congo JRiver^imporxance of jh^, 544. 
Consecrated Drawing-rooms, 130. 
Critics of Misst^M, 196. 

Day in China, $(• 


Oronkhite, L. W„ Letter, 486. 

Gushing, J. N.. The Rangoon Baptist College, 598. 

Dave n por t , C- L., Letter, 530. 

Davis. E. A., Why our Baptist Young People Should Give 
to Foreign Missions, soo. 

Davis, J. D., The Doshisha, 531. 

Davis, Mial, Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 
Giving. 57. 

Davis, w. S., Lettor, 190. 

Dearing, J. L., A Day at Makabe, ai; Rev. J. H. Bar- 
rows in Japan, 513 ; Why I Became a Missionary, 476 ; 
Letter 26. 

Debts, Raising the, 77t "3, «S5» '93» 4S9« 

Denmark, Report on, 432. 

Dennisson, B. F., Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 
Giving, 54. 

Distributing Tracts in Burma, 639. 

Dixon, Frank, A Good Method, 524. 

Dobbbs, F. S., Sailing of Missionaries from Philadelphia, 

Donations, 30, 69, 107, 146, 210, 228, 490, 533, 572, 612, 647. 

Doshisha, The, 3, 530. 

Downie, D., Baptist Theological Seminary, Ramapatam, 
567 ; Great Changes Imminent, 484 ; Letter, 66. 

Dussman. J., Letter, 188. 

Earthquake m Assam, 465, 499, 506, 527. 

Executive Committee, Abstract of Proceedings, 67, 106, 

Famine in India, 46, 78, 159, 466, 506, 581, 622. 

Ferguson, W. L., Round about Ongole, 483 ; The Telugu 
Baptist Convention, 628; Ihe Telugu Mission Confer- 
ence, 169. 

Fetich Worship on the Congo, 556. 

Field Work in India, 181. 

Finland, Report on, 431. 

Finance, The Problem of Local, 137. 

Financial Notes, 35, 76, 113, xi6. 

Firth, J., Great Progress m Northern Assam, 512; Let- 
ter, 645. 

Fletcher, M. E., Letters, 104. ^6^. 

Foreign Missions a Test of Discipleship, 233. 

France, Report on, 414. 

Frederickson, Mrs. P., A Trip on the Congo Railway, 201. 

Frederickson, P., Letter, 571. 

Friesen, A., Letters, 65, 190. 

From Priest to Preaicher, 479. 

Fuller, A. C, Incident at Poddi, 186; Letters, 65, 487; 
Persecution at Podili, 475. 

Germany, Report on, ^22. 

'* Give up the Congo Mission?" 207. 

Greeks Leading the World, 117. 

Greene, D. C, Religious Oudook in Japan, 24. 

Greene, Stephen, Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 
Giving, 54. 

Growth at Home Coincident with Progress Abroad, 171. 

Hamblen, S. W., Letters, 28, 488. 

Hankins, I. S., Preaching to the Heathen, $68. 

Hanson, O., Kachin Tractions, 606 ; Letter, 486. 

Harrington, C. K., Letter, 28. 

Harris, E. N., A Karen Contribution, 09. 

Harvey, C. H., " Give up tiie Congo Mission? " 207 ; Let- 
ter, 191. 

Heinrichs, J., A Prophecy, 636; Field Work in India, 181 ; 
Letters, 6c, 188. 

Hiclcs, L. £., Letter, 645. 

Hill, T., Letter, 528. 

Hinckley, Henry, Encouragements and Discouragements 
in the Japan Field, xi. 

Holmes, T. D^ Letter, 143. 

Houston, W. P., Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 
Giving, 56. 

How We Built the Station, 604. 

Huntiey, G. A., My Missionaiy Experience, 140, 179. 

Ingalls, Mrs. M. B., From Pnest to Preacher, 479; Our 
Great Sign Tree, 602. 

Intematiomd Complications, E£Eect of, 160. 

Ji^Mm: Christianity in, 29, 30; Commercial Changes in, 
19; Disasters in, 12; Encouragements and Discourage- 
ments in, 11; Extent of, 30; Prraress in, 2; Religious 
Oudook in, 241 Report on, 388 ; The Red Cross Society 
10,39; TheTidalwave,3,z6} A New Movement in, 621. 



Jewett, Lymaa, Obhoaxy, 4a. 

Jones^ £. H., Diaasten ia JapUt la ; Letter, 37. 

Kadun Trmditions, 6o6w 

Karen Contribatioii, A, 99. 

Kemp, H. A.. Letter, 143. 

Kjog, C D., Letter, 644. 

King, U. M^ Growth at Home Coincident with Progreaa 
Abroad, 171. 

Kirkpatrick, M. B., How We Built the Station, 604. 

Ko At, Death of, 558. 

Knrtx. F., Letter. 569. 

Leakage in Beneficence, 514. 

Life amoitf the Telngos, f Si, 633. 

Liu Chin Islands; An Incident, 507. 

Lokonga, Congo. Mission Property at, 586. 

Lvnch, Mrs. F. P., Obituary, 196. 

Mabie, H. C., The Meaning of the Commission, 50. 

Madagascar, Modem Mautyrs of, 38; Poor, 81, 197; Slav- 
^ ery Aboliwed in, 82. 
'- Manzine, Baptist Missionary, Changes in> 33> 75> 76. 

Malcolm, F. B.. Obituair, 117. 

Manipur, The New Work in, 526. 

Martyrs, The Blood of the. 98. 

Mason, G. L., Chekiang Baptist Association, $68. 

Mason, M. C, A Jungle Church, 508; Letters, 643, 644. 

McGuire, J., Letter, 611. 

Mclliath, Dr., 80. 

McKenzie, Mrs., Donation, 39. 

McLaurin, J.. Letter, 189. 

Meaning of tne Magazine, 627. 

Miris, Tlie, 520. 

Mission Churches and the Debt, 50a. 

Missionaries of the American Baptist Missionary Union, <. 

Missionary Education in our Denominational Schools, 

24^ 507. 
Missionary Statistics of the World, 567. 

Monthly Missionary Meetings, 37, 59, 97, 163, 247. Pro- 
grams, 10, 69, 107, 146, 192, 490, 612, 647. 

Moore, Mrs. P. £., Letter, 488. 

Moore, Mrs. P. H., Letter, 527. 
' Morrow, H., Letters, 191, 486. 

Mosier, L. H., Distributing Tracts in Burma, 639. 

Munger. Mrs. I. £., Death of, ^46. 

Mordock, John N., LL.D.. Obituarjr, 122. 

Murdoch, Mrs. Mary £. Clarke, Obituary, 467. 

My Missionary £j^rience, 140, 170. 

Nellore, India, Musion Hospital tor Women and Chil- 
dren, 177. 

Newcomb, J., Letter, 189; Visit to Podili, 473. 

Newhall, A. A., Life among the Telugus, 561, 633. 

Norway, Report on, 433. 

Object of Christian Missions, The, 468. 

Oflacera of the American Baptist Missionary Union, 454. 

Ongole, News and Notes from, 166; Round about, 483. 

Opcmhaw, H. J., Letters, 487, 528. 

Our Great Sign Tree, 602. 

Pacific, IslaiMS of the, 197 ; Protestant Missions in, 539. 

Packer, Mrs. J., A Cart Joomey in Burma, 589. 

Parshley, W. B^ Letter, 27. 

Passing of the Famine, Ine, 630. 

Pastor and Missions, The, 183. 

Paul, J., The Miris, cao ; Letter, 643. 

Pawloff, W., An Exue from Home, 555. 

Persecution at Podili, 475. 

Persooad Notices, 4, 4'i xi8, 195, 466, 547, 586, 625. 

Phil- African Lea^e, The, ^45. 

Petdgrew, W., The New Work in Manipur, 516. 

Plague in India, 78. 

PoSli, A Visit to, 470; Tk-oubles at, 565, 632. 

Power of the Resurrection, 88. 

Prayer that was Answered, A, 49. 

Preaching to the Heathen, 568. 

Protection of the Congo People, aoo. 

RauM^atam Baptist Theological Seminary, 567. 
Ramsdell^T. J„ The Monthly Missidnary Meeting, 97. 
Rangoon Bi^>tist College, 598. 
Richards, H., A New Man m Christ Jesus, 549 ; Letter, 645 

Rivenbuihr, S. W^ Letter, 643. 

Roberts, W. H., Letters, 190. 

Russia, Report on, ^30. 

Sailing of Missionaries from Philadelphia, 626. 

Scott, J. H., Commercial Changes in Japan, 19. 

Sead of the American Baptist Missionary Uxuon, 579. 

Self-support Saved the Work, 485. 

Shall Never Thirst, 185. 

Shan States. Population in, 609. 

Sharp, W. A., Burma Baptist Anniversaries, 86. 

Siberian Railway, The. 39. 

Sims. A., M.D., The French-Congo Sudan, 553. 

Simultaneous Missionary Meetings, 4. 

Sjoblom, £. v., How I Preached the Gospel in Central 
Africa, 204. 

Slavery, Abolition of, in Africa, 467. 

Smith, D. A. W.. Letter, 610. 

Sudan, The French Congo, 553. 

Spain, Report on, ^26. 

Specially Supported Missionaries, 629. 

Speicher, J., A Joyful Day at Kityang, §7 ; Letter, 528. 

Stanton, W. A., Tlie Passing of the Famme, 630. 

Statistical Tables, 435. 

Stevens, £. O., A Taungthu Convert, 90. 

Student Volunteer Movement, 102. 

Sutherland, Mrs. F. P., Letter, 530. 

Sweden, Report on, 427. 

Systematic Beneficence, Conferences on, 4, 41, 82; Per- 
sonal Testimonies to the Benefit of, 54. 

Szchuan, The Return to, 134. 

Taungthu Convert, A. 90; 

Tavlor, J. Hudson, Shall Never Thirst, 185. 

Te ugu Baptist Home Mission Society, 623. 

Te ugu Mission, Origin of the, 620 ; The Situation in, 619. 

Te ugu Mission, Report on, 326. 

Te ugu Missionary Conference, The, 169. 

Telugu Pentecost, The, 164. 

Telugus, Life Among the^ 561. 

Thairawaddy Karen Mission, The, 610. 

The Meaning of the Commission, 50. 

The Triumph of the Supernatural, 582. 

The Two Duties of a Christian Steward, 82. 

Thomson, R. A., Self-support Saved the Work, 485. 

Tithes, 37, 38 ; Dr. Hovey on O. T., 48. 

Tokyo Baptist Academy, 642. 


Topping, H.. Letter, 28. 

Touogoo Benai Kiuren Mission, 91. 

Treasurer's Report, 440. 

Trial and Triumph, e^. 

Twentieth Century, The, 187. 

Uganda Mission, The, 194, 624. 

Upcraft, W. M., In Burma, 91 ; The Return t Szchuan, 
134 : Tonquin, 61. 

Valentine, W. O., Letter, 486. 

Votev, C. A., Meaning of the Magazine, 627. 

Wafile, A. £., Leakage in Beneficence, 514. 

Webb, Mrs. Mary, Obituary, 79. 

Wellwood, R., New Openings m West China, 184. 

Whv i Became a Missionary, 476. 

Wilkinson, £. S., Testimony to the Benefit of Systematic 
Givins. 55. 

Witter, W.E., For Baptist Young People, loa. 

Woman, Emancipation of, i6a. 

Yokohama Baptist Theological Seminary, 466. 

Young People, Why Our Baptist Young People Should 

Give to Foreign Missions, aoo. 
Young, W. M., Population m the 

Shan States, 609. 


A Company of Telugus, 633. 

A Mivionary Home m Burma, 77. 

A River in Assam, 519. 

A Telugu Congregation, 629. 

A TiredPunka3i Puller, 561 . 

A Water Seller of India, 47. 

A Zayat in Burma, 73. 

African Chief with Knife^ 205. 

African Sorcerers, or Fetich Priests, 557. 

African Women, 163. 

Alfred C. Fuller and His Touring Outfit, 473. 

American Baptist Mission, Bolengi, Congo, 206. 

American Baptist Mission, Nalgon^, India, 622. 

American Mmionary in Chinese Dress, 144. 

Assam, Map of, 498. 

Assam Tea Planter's House, sx3> 

Banyan Tree bv Mrs. Ingalls'^Houae at Thongze, 603. 

Ban>[an Tree of India, 563. 

Baptism at Ramapatara, India, 635. 

Baptist College, Serampore, India^ 499. 

Baptist Mission Chapel, Leopoldville, Congo, 554. 

Baptist Mission Girls' School, Chofu, Japan, 2. 

Baptist Mission Hospital, Nellore, India, 177. 

Baptist Mission House, Kanigiri, India, 623. 

Binney, J. G., 599. 

Boy of Java, 542. 

Burman Cart, 593. 

Burman Children, 595. 

Burman Christian Lawver, 96. 

Burman Mother and Child, 595. 

Burman Village, ^89. 

Burman Woman m Holiday Dress, 596. 

Burman Woman Weaving, C91. 

China Inland Mission Headquarters, Shanghai, 141. 

Chinese Christian Family, 58. 

Chinese Christians, 128. 

Chinese Court of Justice, 121. 

Christian Karens, 100. 

Christian Students in Burma, 601. 

Clough, John £^167. 

Congo Caravan Resting at Noonday, 549. 

Country Inn in South China, 127. 

Cushing, J. N., 598. 

Dearing, J. L., 21. 

Drawing Water in India, 159. 

Enoshima, Japan, 18. 

Fan Palms, 63. 

First Mission House at Podili, 470. 

First Mission House at Yachau, 136. 

Garo Women and Children, 509. 

Garo Yoimg Men, 509. 

Graduating Class, 1897, Baptist Theological Seminary, 

Yokohama, Japan, 458. 
Harbor of Nagasaki, Japan, so. 
Head Man of Podili, 471. 
Head of Livingstone Falls, Congo River, 201. 
Hemroai Klaipo,93. 
Hills of Podili, 470. 
House in which Carey Died, 500. 
Hunter of Sumatra, 542. 

Huntley, G. A., 140. 

Hut where Dr. Livingstone Died, 571. 

Ingalls, Mrs. M. B., 479. 

Interior of Seminary Chapel, Insein, Burma, 115. 

Jewett Lyman, opp. p. 33. 

Joseph Hardy Neesima, 3. 

Judson Memorial Churdi, Mandalay, Burma, 95. 

Junrle Chapel in Burma, A, 608. 

Kachin Encampment, 605. 

Kachins, 606. 

Kanagin, India, 175. 

Karen Jungle Villaee, Burma, 85. 

Karen School, Moulmein, Burma, 87. 

Ko Pko Myah, 480. 

Letter from the Nisangram Church, 503. 

Malcolm, F. B., M.D., 117. 

Mandalay, 86, 161. 

McKenue, W. S., 39. 

Mission Bungalow, Podili, India, 471. 

Mission Bungalow, Vinukonda, India. 186. 

Mission Chapel, Lukunga, Congo, 558. 

Mission Compound, Nursaravapetta, India, 188. 

Mission Compound, Tura, Assam, 508. 

Mission House. Allur, India, 638. 

Mission House, Gauhati, Assam, 465. 

Mission House, Nowgon/;, Assam, 501. 

Mission School Boys, Bolengi, Upper Congo, 208. 

Mission Steamers on the Upjper Congo, 198. 

Mission Store, Banza Manteke, Congo, 551. 

Murdock. John N., opp. p. 113. 

Naga Village m the Huls of Assam, 527. 

Ninzpo River, China, Entrance, 126. 

On the Mighty Congo, 5^9. 

Ongole Baptist Mission College, 166. 

Oo Nyah Gnah, 479. 

Ploughing in the Rice Fields of Burma, $68. 

Prayer Meeting Hill, Ongole, 42. 

Representatives of Four Races in Burma, 578. 

Rogers Gospel Hall, Kumool, India, 631. 

Sanjusendo Temple, Japan, 13. 

Scene in the Life of John G. Paton, 541. 

Scene of Baptism of 2,222 in One Day, 165. 

Scene on the Inland Sea, Japan, 476. 

Sims, A., M.D., $53 • 

Stanton, W. A., 630, 

Steamer " Belgenland" with Departiog Missionaries, 6a6. 

Street Scene in Secunderabad, India. 618. 

Suspension Bridge in West Chma, 135. 

Tea Garden in Assam, 512. 

Telugu Mission Conference, 1^4. 

Thangkan, a Garo Christian Evangelist, 510. 

The Taj Mahal, Agra, India. 637. 

Throne Room in Nizam's Palace, Hyderabad, India, 169. 

Toungoo Bghai Karen Misakm Fwld, 74. 

Triiveling Bullock Carts in India, 182. 

Traveling in the Hills of Assam, 5a i. 

ViUage in Central Africa, $38. 

Village Scene, Central Africa, 19$. 

Women of Bunna, 581. 



Vol. LXXVII.— JANUARY, 1897. — No. 1. 


TTHIS NUMBER OF THE|MAQAZINE is largely devoted to Japan, and the articles, 
original and selected, will give a comprehensive view of the present 
conditions and prospects of Christian missions in that interesting country. 
We trust the suggestion that the missionary concert for January be devoted to 
Japan will be generally followed. Ample material for an interesting and in- 
spiring meeting will be found in the following pages. 

TTHE FEBRUARY NUMBER of this Magazine will give special attention to the sub- 
^ jects of the Monthly Concert of Prayer for Missions, Christian Steward- 
ship and Systematic Beneficence. There are in hand several excellent articles 
on the Missionary Concert and excerpts from addresses at the Conferences on Sys- 
tematic Beneficence in Boston and New York will also be used. In justice to 
the broad fields of our missions it does not seem advisable to devote any issue of 
the Magazine wholly to one subject or field, but it is proposed in the number 
for March, 1897, to give special prominence to the Missions in Burma : in 
April, China will be the chief subject, and in May, the Telugu Mission in 
South India. Subsequently numbei's will give special attention to other fields 
as suitable and interesting material may be gathered. Missionaries and others 
are invited to send to the Editorial Secretary, articles which may be used in 
these special numbers, and pastors will find it of advantage to devote the 
missionary concerts to the subjects to which special attention is given each 

MOTES. — To travelers needing to use a general cable code we recommend 
^^ " The Adams Cable Codex," published by F. O. Houghton & Co., Boston, 
Mass., at 25 cents in paper, or 50 cents in cloth. It is very full and satisfac- 
tory. In connection with this number of the Magazine devoted specially 

to Japan our readers are referred to the Magazine of last September page 495, 
where will be found a group containing most of the missionaries in Japan, with 
their names. The location of the missionaries may be found from the Hand- 



book of the Missionary Union, which can be h^oAfree fi-omthe Mission Rooms, 
Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., and brief personal sketches of all the mis- 
sionaries were printed in tlie numbers of The Kingdom from February to June 

189& ineluaive. We are specially happy to publish in this numl«r of the 

Magazine an article from Rev. Henry Hinckley, past^n- of the Baptist church 
at Roslindale, Boston, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Hinckley had the privile{»e last 
summer of visiting their daughter, Mrs, Dearing, wife of the President of the 
Theological Seminary at Yokohama. Mr. Hinckley's observations come to us 
as the word of a pastor fresh from a personal visit to the mission field and de- 
serve cai-efill attention. 

AN EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS IN JAPAN is the increasing consideration which 
is granted to wtmian. It has been well said that the jiosition of woman 
in any nation is the criierion of its civilization. It therefoie is encouraging 
to know that by recent decision of the Emperor, honoitiiy decorations are tiJ be 
conferred npon women aw well as upon men for like meritonous services. Last 
year at the Imperial educational meeting at Tokyo there were many and earnest 
speeches favoring the higher education of women. Oiiejspeiiker voictd the 



sentiments of the assembly and of the most advanced educators of Japan in 
making these four important points. "First, woman should be educated 
according to cosmopolitan ideas. Second, woman should be convinced that 
she constitutes half of the nation. Third, the home is the destined place for 


1897.] Editorial. 8 

the activity of woman, but at the same time she ought to know her duty as a 
member of society. Fourth, when a woman is taking care of her ciiildren she 
should bear in mind she has the responsibility of bi-inging up good and useful 
citizens." If the educational development of Japan follo^vs out these lines for 
woman there is the most promising future for the civilization and well-being of 
that Empire. 

A FTER THE FLOOD — The district swept by the tidal wave in noitheiistera 
Japan is still suffering from the terrible disaster. All along the coast 
the shore is covered with wreckage. The people aie pi-actically in a houseless 
condition. From the broken lumber, the wreckage of their former houses, they 
have constructed themselves temporary buildings, but these will be of little 
use in llie cold of winter. The work of charity is still continued, and must be 
enlarged if theie ia not to be gi^eat suffering in the coming winter. Rev. E. 
H. Jones, of Sendai, writes that the sweeping disaster has had a good effect 
upon the people religiously. They seem to have lost all faith in tlieir former 
gods, which did not help tlieiu in tlieir extremity- They in)w look hopefully 
to the foreign religion to iiud something that will lielp them. 'I'hey aro ready 
to hear the gospel and there is gieat encouragement to think tliiit large results 
will be gathered in from Christian work among this people, anil many chosen 
■ouls may be brought to the Lord by faithful and vigwous missionary labors 
at this time. 

vnE CWaREOATIONALIST MISSION l^ JAPAN instructed all its nu-nibei's teaching 
in any department of thg Doshishti University to resign at. once. 
They have done so, and the whole conduct of this institution established 
by Nessima now rests upon the Japanese trustees. 
The mission also laid down the conditions which in 

[ their opinion it will be necessary for the trustees of 

: , the Doshiflha to accept as a basis for further eoiipei-a- 

1. tion. First, that the American Boai-d and the mission 

L be officially represented in the management of the j 

mt tdhool. Second, that no one be allowed on the boai'd of I 

H> tnutees or faculty of the University who is not In I 

B' ffeoeral sympathy with the Christian missionary work. 

B Third, that the board of Japanese trustees be so re- 

W' organized as to be more truly national. These i-eason- 

m able conditions have not yet been accepted by the 
management of the Doshisha. We notice that the Uni- 
versity has reopened, but it is so much crippled in its 
resources and its faculty that the scientific department .'■ 
is not in operation and the number of students in the t'omHipr ns noniiisha uni- 
theological department is very small. We repeat that ^^"'J' jmc ■'«i'an- 
we hope the Japanese ti-ustees of the Univei-sity will realize the wrong which 
they are doing to the American board, Ui the cause of Christianity and to 
their own people by their present action and will soon accept the overtui-ee of 
the mission for the resumption of cooperation. 

4 Editorial. [January, 

"pilBCONPBRBNCBON SYSTBMATIC BBNEPICENCB held at the First Baptist Church, 
Boston, November 17 and 18, was one of the strongest and most helpful 
meetings we ever attended. The idea of Christian Stewardship was the chief 
thought of the sessions, and in the papers and addi-esses was presented in 
many phases. The attendance throughout was good and at some of the sessions 
large, and was composed of the best elements of the Baptist churches of New 
England. It was an inspiration to mingle with ^uch a body of Christians. 
The next number of the Magazine will contain extracts and abbreviated 
reports of some of the papers. The New York conference will be held before 
this number of the Magazine reaches its readers, and we trust it may be at- 
tended with as much inspii-ation, instruction and blessing as the Boston con- 
ference. Remember the conference in Philadelphia in Januaiy. Those who 
are able to be present should not fail to arrange to attend. A similiar confer- 
ence will be held in Chicago in February. 

PERSONAL. — Rev. W. H. Beeby and wife, of Hanamakonda, India, reached 
* Boston, November 5. Rev. J. S. Timpany, M.D., and wife, of Secunderabad, 

remove to Hanamakonda to take charge of the work. Mr. J. H. Eaton, 

spoken of in the Magazine for April, 1895, as having been baptized by Dr. 
Judson at Moulmein, recently passed away. So far as known, the only person 
now living in this country, baptized by Dr. Judson is Miss Annable, a member 

of the Fii-st Baptist church, Philadelphia. Miss E. R. Church has returned 

to Japan. Mi-s. E. W. Kelly of Rangoon, Burma, reached New York 

November 7. Mrs. W. H. Roberts of Bhamo, Burma, has returned to 

America for her health. 


At the meeting of Missionary officials in New York last wdnter arrangements 
were made for the holding of simultaneous meetings in the interest of missions 
at some time to be arranged by a committee of which Rev. E. E. Chivers, D. D.,^ 
the District Secretary of the Missionary Union for New York, is Secretary. 
That committee have now announced the " Plan of Campaign " which includes: 

1. A sermon on Missions from every evangelical pulpit on Sabbath, January 
10, 1897. The Evangelical Alliance has designated this day on its Programme for 
Week oi Prayer for preaching upon the Great Commission. Matthew 28: 18-20. 

2. A mid-week prayer meeting for Missions. It is earnestly desired that 
the prayer meeting following the Sabbath sermon be devoted to prayer for en- 
largement and blessing in the work of Foreign Missions. 

3. District Missionary Rallies in the larger cities on Thursday evening, 
January 14th. For this meeting let the city be divided into districts, and a 
Local Committee appointed in each dietrict to make all necessary armnge- 

4. An Interdenominational Mass Meeting in the interests of Missions, on 
Friday evening, January 15th, unless some other evening be better suited to 
local convenience, to be held in the largest hall or church in every town in 
the United States and Canada. 

This movement has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Amer- 

1897.] EditoHoL 6 

ican Baptist Missionary Union. Literature regarding it will be sent to every 
pastor on the home field of the Union, and we trust that the Plan of Campaign 
will be taken up at once and vigorously by every pastor, that the membere of 
the churches will most cordially cooperate, that the dates mentioned will be set 
apart for this purpose and that everything possible will be done to make this 
movement a grand missionary and spiritual success. 



•Supported bv the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society (Boston). fSupported by the Woman's 
Baptist Foreign Missionary Society of the West (Chicago). tSapported by the Woman's Baptist Missionary 
Society of Oregon. $ Supported by the Woman's Society of California. ||iudependent Mission supported by 
Mrs. Carpenter. 

The first date to each name is the date of appoitUment; the second^ wliere there is one, of last return to 
fleid. Postage is 5 cents a half ounce or fraction thereof. Postage sh&idd be fully prepaid. 

Rev. J. S. Adams and wife, Hanyang, China, 1883, 1893. 

Rev. Thomas Adams, Leopoldville, Conpo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1892. 

Rev. H. Adamsen, M. D., New Sen? Kak, Bangkok, Slam, 1896. 

tMiss Johanna Anderson, Toungoo, Burma, 1888. 

Rev. C. B. Antisdel and wife, 2073 Lydia Place. Jofferson Tark, Chicago, 111., 1892. 

Rev. W. F. Armstrong, Rangoon, Burma, 1884, 1893. 

Mrs. W. F. Armstrong, care Chancellor Wallace, Toronto, Ont. 

Rev. William Ashmore, D. D., and wife, Swatow, China, 1850, 1895. 

Rev. William Ashmore, Jr., and wife, Swatow, China, 1879, 1891. 

tMiss Flora E. Ayres, La Porte. Ind., 1893. 

Edward Bailey, M. D., and wife, Swatow, China, 1893. 

Rev. A. L. Bain and wife, Banza Manteke, Congo, West Africa, ma Antwerp, 1893. 

Rev. J. M. Baker and wife, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1895. 

Rev. B. A. Baldwin and wife, Thayetmyo, Burma, 1895. 

Rev. C. B. Banks and wife, Equatorville, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1882, 1895. 

tMiss M. E. Barchet, St. Margarets, Anne Arundel Co., Md., 1893. 

S. P. Barchet, M. D., and wife, Klnhwa via Ningpo, China, 1875, 1893. 

•Miss D. D. Barlow, 47 Shimotera machi, Himeji, Japan, 1894. 

♦Miss Sarah B. Barrows, ThatOn, Burma, 1872. 1887. 

Mr. W. F. Beaman and wife, Kiating, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1893. 

Rev. W. H. Beeby and wife, Fidelity, 111., 1891. 

Rev. A. A. Bennett and wife, 67b Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 1879, 1892. 

tMiss E. A. Bergman, Yinukonda, Madras Presidency, India, 1891. 

Rev. Philipp Bickel, D. D., 98 Mlttelweg Borgfelde, Hamburg, Germany. 

Rev. A. Billingrton and wlfe^ Bwemba, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1881, 1803. 

tMiss J. M. Blxby, M. D., Swatow, China, 1894. 

tMiss Lilian BUir, 1896. 

tMiss Olive M. Blunt, 168 Innai, Chofu, Yamaguchi ken, Japan, 1890. 

Rev. Wheeler Boggess and wife, Kundakur, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 

Rev. S. A. D. Boggs, Tura, Assam, India, 1891. 

Mrs. S. A. D. Boggs, Akron, Iowa. 

Rev. W. B. Boggs, t>. D., and wife, Secunderabad, Deccan, India, 1878, 1895. 

Mr. W. E. Boggs and wife, Sattanapalli, Madras Presidency, India, 1890. 

^Miss L. H. Booker, Bapatla, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 

tMiss E. M. Boynton, Ningpo, China, 1894. 

Rev. P. J. Bradshaw, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1893. • 

Rev. J. C. Brand and wife, 9a Tsukiji, Tokyo. Japan, 1890. 

Rev. D. L. Brayton, Rangoon, Burma, 1837, 1872. 

♦Mrs. L. M. Breed, M. D., Nalgonda, Deccan, India, 1895. 

Rev. K. O. Broady, D. D., Bethel Seminary, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Rev. George H. Brock and wife, Kanigiri, Nellore District, India, 1891. 

Rev. Aug. Broholm, Kristusk a pellet, Baggensgade, Copenhagen, N. Denmark. 

Mrs. M. R. Bronson, 1266 Curtis Avenue, Cleveland, O., 1872. 

tMiss H. M. Browne, Haskell, Kan., 1886. 

Rev. Edwin Bullard and wife. Kavali, Nellore District, India. 1870, 1896. 

6 EditoHai. [January, 

Rev. Alonzo Bunker, D. D., Toungoo, Burma, 1865, 1803. 

Mrs. Alonzo Bunker, 58 Willow Street, Providence, R. I. 

♦Miss Zillah A. Bunn, Zlgon, Burma, 1882, 1892. ^ 

Rev. C. E. Burdette and wife, Gauhati, Assam, India, 1883, 18»4. 

Mr. J. S. Burns, 1893. 

Rev. Walter Bushell and wife, Moulmeln, Burma, 1878, 1896. , 

tMlss A. S. Buzzell, 27 Nakajlma cho, Sendal, Japan, 1892. 

Rev. William Carey Calder, Moulmeln, Burma, 1886, 1892. 

tMlss EUa Campbell, Swatow, China, 1890. 

Rev. George Campbell and wife, Swatow, China, 1887, 1895. 

Rev. J. W. Carlin, D. D., and wife, Swatow, China, 1889. 

Mrs. H. E. Carpenter, Nemuro, Hokkaido, Japan, 1862, 1895. 

Miss M. M. Carpenter, Nemuro, Hokkaido, Japan, 1895. 
*Mlss Melissa Carr, Sandoway, Burma, 1890. ' * 

♦Miss M. Elizbeth Carr, Moulmeln, Burma, 1890. 
Rev. A. E. Carson and wife. Gibbon, Neb., 1886. 
Rev. J. M. Carvell and wife, Nowgong, Assam, India, 1894. 
Rev. John E. Case and wife, Myingyan, Burma, 1882. 
♦Miss Ella L. Chapman, Kemendlne Girls' School, Rangoon, Burma, 1896. 
♦Miss EUa R. Church, 47 Shlmotera machi, Hlmeji, Japan, 1888, 1896. v_ 

Mr. A. Christopher, Bwemba, Congo, W. Africa, 1896. 
Rev. Elbert Chute and wife, Newton Centre, Mass., 1882. 

♦Miss Annie M. Clagett, 10 Fukuro machi, Surugadai, Tokyo, Japan, 1887, 1894. 
Rev. E. W. Clark and wife, Molung, Amgurl P. O., Assam, India, 1868, 1886. 
Rev. Joseph Clark and wife, Ikoko, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1880, 1892. 
Prof. E. W. Clement and wife, 43 Tsuklji, Tokyo, Japan, 1894. 
Rev. J. E. Clough, D. D., and wife, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1864, 1892. 
Rev. H. P. Cochrane and wife. Potter Valley, California, 1888. 

Rev. W. W. Cochrane and wife, Namkham, Northern Shan States, via Bhamo, Burma, 1890. 
♦Miss F. A. Cole. Banza Manteke. Congo, W. Africa, 1892. 1896. 
♦Miss Clara A. Converse, 34 Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 1889. 
Mr. Alfred Copp and wife, Shaohing, via Ningpo, China, 1891. 
tMlss H. L. Corbin, Ningpo, China, 1888, 1804. 
E. S. Corson, M. D. and wife, 1890. 
Rev. W. H. Cossum, Ningpo, China, 1890. 
Mrs. W. H. Cossum, De Ruyter, N. Y. 

tMlss Marie M. COtO, M. D., Rangoon, Burma, 1888, 1892. 
♦Miss Julia G. Craft, Kemendlne Girls' School, Rangoon, Burma, 1896. 
Rev. F. D. Crawley and wife, Moulmeln, Burma. 1895. 
♦Mrs. Laura Crawley, Henzada, Burma, 1853. 1893. ^ 

Rev. L. W. Cronkhlte and wife, Basseln, Burma, 1881. 
Rev. B. P. Cross, Basseln, Burma, 1872, 1896. 
Mrs. B. P. Cross, Westfield, Mass. 

Rev. E. B. Cross, D. D., and wife, Toungoo, Burma, 1844, 1869. 
Rev. A. V. B. Crumb and wife, Toungoo, Burma, 1876, 1896. 
tMiss E. L. Cummings, 1889. 

Rev. J. E. Cummings. Henzada, Burma, 1887, 1896. 

Rev. A. H. Curtis and wife, 2 Cook's Road, Perambore, Madras, India, 1892. 
Rev. J. N. Cushing, D. D.. Rangoon, Burma, 1866, 1886. 
Mrs. J. N. Cushing, 762 South Tenth Street, Philadelphia, Penn. 
tMiss Lolie Daniels, Nowgong, Assam, India, 1896. 
♦Miss K. Darmstadt, Nellore, Madras Presidency, India, 1894. 
♦Miss Mary M. Day, Tondiarpetta. Madras, India, 1878, 1891. 
Rev. C. L. Davenport and wife, Sandoway, Burma, 1895. 
Rev. W. S. Davis and wife, AUur, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 
Rev. J. L. Dearing and wife, 67a Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 1889. 
tMiss Amelia E. Dessa, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1891. 
Rev. Alexandre Dez, 22 Ave. de Bellevue, Sevres, Seine et Ols^ Paris, Prance. 
♦Miss M. A. Dowling, Upsall and Morton Sts., Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa., 1893 
Rev. David Downle, D. D., and wife, Nellore, Madras Presidency, India, 1873, 1893. 
Rev. A. Drake, D. D., Bethel Seminary, Stockholm, Sweden. I 

Rev. William Dring and wife, Tura, Assam, India, 1890. 
Rev. T. P. Dudley, Jr., and wife, Vepery, Madras, India, 1892. 
tMlss F. A. Duffield, 26 Concession, Osaka, Japan, 1892. 
Rev. John Dussman and wife, Gurzalla, Madras Presidency, India, 1891. 

1897 .J Editorial. " 

•Miss L. M. Dyer, Moullnein, Burma. 1893. 

Miss H. N. Eastman, RuDgoon, Burma, 1872, 1895. 

•Miss Etta F. Edgerton, Xalgonda, Deccan, India, 1896. 

•Miss J. S. Edmunds. Mulcinivekii, Congo, VV. Africa, 1895. 

♦Mrs. C. H. R. Eiwell, Holyoh:e, Mass., care A. J. Rand, 1S71'. 

tMiss Christine Ericson (under appointment), 1893. 

♦Miss Kate F. Evans, Thongze, Burma, 1871, 1893. 

Rev. F. H. Eveleth and wife. Insein, Burma, 1873, 1890. 

♦Miss Eilen E. Fay, 3203 Spencer Terrace, Philadelpliia, Pa., 1889. 

•Miss Mary D. Faye, Nellore, Madras Presidency, India, 181)2. 

Itev. W. L. Ferguson and wife, Ramapatam, Madras Presidency, India, 1895. 

Rev. J. G. Fetzer. Baptist Tiieological Seminary, Rennbalin Str. Horn, Hamburg, Germany. 

♦Miss Nellie E. Fife, 30 Tsuklji, Tokyo, Japan, 1887, 1895. 

Kev. C. H. Finch, M. D., and wife, Suifu, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1891. 

Rev. Jolin Firth and wife. North Lakhimpur, Assam, India, 1893. 

Rev. C. H. D. Fisher and wife, 30b Tsuklji, Tokyo, Japan, 1882, 1891. 

♦Miss L. C. Fleming, M. D., Irebu, Congo, W. Africa, via Antwerp, 1887. 18J)r». 

Rev. M. E. Fletcher and wife, Maubin, Bui-ma, 1893. 

♦Miss Alice L. Ford, Moulmein, Burma, 1893. 

Rev. John M. Foster and wife. Burton, Wash., 1887. 

tMiss Mary C. Fowler, M. D., Bassein. Burma. 1890. 

tMiss A. E. Frederickson, Mandalay, Burma, 1892. 

Rev. P. Frederickson and wife, Kifwa, via Lukunga, Conjco, West Africa, via Antwerp. 

1881. 1801. 
Rev. A. Friesen and wife. Nalgonda, Deccan, India. 1889. 
Rev. A. C. Fuller. Podili, Nellore District, India. 1892. 
tMiss Naomi Garton, M D., .123 E. Locust St., Dos Moines. Iowa. 1881. 
Rev. George J. Geis and wife, Myitkyina. Burma. 1892. 
Rev. D. C. Gilmore and wife, 31 Park Ave., Rochester, N. Y.. 1890. 
Rev. C. B. Glenesk and wife. Bwemba, Congo. West Africa, via Antwerp, 1884, 1894. 
Rev. J. R. Goddard and wife, Ningpo. China, 18(;7, 1894. 
♦Miss O. W. Gould, M. D., East Douglass, Mass., 1893. 
J. S. Grant, M. D., and wife, Calais, Me., 1889. 
Rev. W. F. Gray and wife, Hanyang, China. 1892. 
Rev. Ernest Grigg and wife. Chatham, Ont., 1892. 
Wm. C. Griggs, M. D., and wife, Bhamo. Bmma, 1890. ISIH. 
Rev. A. K. Gurney and wife, Sibsagor. Assam, India. 1874, 1894. 
Rev. F. I*. Haggard and wife, Impur, Assam. India, 1892. 
Rev. H. W. Hale and wife, Tavoy, Burma. 1874, 1894. 

Rev. Wm. A. Hall and wife, Irebu, Congo, West Africa, ria Antweip. 1888, 1893. 
Rev. R. L. Halsey, 187 Kogawa cho, Osaka, Japan, 1887. 1895. 
Mrs. R. L. Halsey, 5359 Jackson Ave., Ciiicago, 111. 
Rev. S. W. Hamblen and wife, 49 Nizaka-dori, Sendai, Jai)au, 1889. 
tMi-s. H. W. Hancock, Mandalay, Biu-ma, 1874, 1890. 
Rev. I. S. Hankins and wife, Atmakur, Nellore District, India, 1892. 
Rev. Ola Hanson and wife, Bhamo, Burma, 1890. 
Rev. C. K. Harrington, 2 Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 188<n 1895. 
Mrs. C. K. Harrington, Sydney, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. 
Rev. F. G. Harrington and wife, 135A Bluff, Y'okohama, Japan, 1887. 1895. 
Rev. E. N. Harris and wife, Shwcgyin, Bunna. 1893. 
Mrs. N. Harris. 1858. 

Rev. C. H. Harvey. Palabala, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp. 1880, 189<;. 
Miss Susie E. Haswell, Amherst, Burma, 18()7, 1881. 
♦Miss H. E. Hawkes, Shwegyin, Burma, 1888. 
♦Miss M. A. Hawley, 34 Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 1895. 
Rev. J. Heinrichs and wife. Ramapatam, Nellore District. India, 1888. 
A. H. Henderson, M. D., and wife, Mon^, Southern Shan States, Burma, 1893. 
Mr. C. H. Heptonstall, Toungoo, Burma, 1893. 

Prof. L. E. Hicks and wife, Baptist College, Rangoon, Burma. 1894. 
tMiss S. J. Higby. Tharrawaddy, Burma. 187(», 1887. 
Rev. G. W. Hill and wife, 168 Innai, Chofu, Y^amaguchi ken. Japan. 1893. 
Mr. Thomas Hill and wife. Ntumba, Congo, West Africa, ria Antwerp, 1892. 189a 
Rev. T. D. Holmes and wife, Kinwha, ria Ningpo, China. 1893. 
♦Miss Annie Hopkins. Moulmein, Burma, 1891. 
Rev. W. E. Hopkins and wife. Palmur. Janumpett P. O., Deccan, India. 1892. 

8 Editorial. [January, 

Rev. T. H. Hoste, 23 Sussex Square, Brighton, Eng., 1884. 

•Miss Clara A. Howard, Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Ga., 1889. 

♦Miss Llsbeth B. Hughes, Moulmein, Burma. 1896. 

Mrs. M. B. Ingalls, Thongze, Burma, 1851, 1891. 

tMlss Emma Inveen, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1879. 

Rev. E. Jansson, Wasa, Petalax, Finland. 

Rev. H. Jenkins and wife, Shaohing, P. O. Nlngpo, China, 1859, 1886. 

Rev. Lyman Jewett, D. D., and wife, 24 Hartwell Street, Fitchburg, Mass., 1848. 

Rev. Truman Johnson, M. D., and wife, 43 Susan Street Providence R. I., 1886. 

Rev. B. H. Jones and wife, 27 Nakajlma cho, Sendai, Japan, 1884, 1895. 

tMrs. Ellen M. Kelly, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1887. 

tMlss Sarah Kelly, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1890. 

Rev. E. W. Kelly, Rangoon, Burma. 1882, 1893. 

Mrs. E. W. Kelly, Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

Rev. H. A. Kemp and wife, Swatow, China, 1893. 

•Miss Anna H. Kidder, 10 Fukuro machl, Suruga dal, Tokyo, Japan, 1875, 1889. 

Rev. C. D. King, Gauhatl, Assam, India, 1878, 1892. 

Mrs. C. D. King, Box 1107 Travers City, Mich. 

Rev. M. B. Kirkpatrlck, M. D.. Namkham, No. Shan States, via Bhamo, Burma, 1888, 1896. 

Mrs. M. B. Kirkpatrlck, 1735 No. 33d St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

•Miss Kate Knight, Shwegyin, Burma, 1891. 

♦Mrs. L. A. Knowlton, Mt. Carroll, 111., 1853. 

tMlss L. B. Kuhlen, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India. 1893. 

Rev. Frank Kurtz and wife, Vinukonda, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 

•Miss S. I. Kurtz, Tondiarpetta, Madras, India, 1892. 

Rev. M. Larsen, Griff en feldtsgade 20.4, Copenhagen, N. Denmark. 

tMiss M. M. Larsh, Henzada, Burma, 1804. 

♦Miss Elizabeth Lawrence, 1500 W. Fayette St., Baltimore, Md., 1873. 

Rev. Joseph Lehmann, Horn Seminary, Hamburg. Germany. 

♦Miss Annie M. Lemon, Sandoway, Burma, 1893. 

W. H. Leslie, M. D., and wife, London West, Ontario, 1893. 

Rev. F. H. Levering and wife, Nellore, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 

Rev. E. Lund, Calle Ancha 10, San Gervasio, Barcelona, Spain. 

F. P. Lynch, M. D., and wife, Mukimvika, via Banana, Congo, West Africa, 1893. 

tMlss M. E. Magee, Box 313, Redlands, Cal. 1894. 

F. B. Malcolm, M. D., 8 Seward Road, Shanghai, China, 1893. 

Rev. W. R. Manley and wife, Udayagirl, Madras Presidency, India, 1879, 1890. 

Rev. M. C. Marin and wife, Calle Ancha 10, San Gervasio, Barcelona, Spain. 

Rev. C. R. Marsh and wife, Markapur, Madras Presidency, India, 1892. 

Prof. L. E. Martin and wife, Ongole, Madras Presidency, India, 1890. 

Rev. G. L. Mason and wife, Huchau, care 8 Seward Road, Shanghai, China, 1880, 1892: 

Rev. M. C. Mason and wife, Tura, Assam, India, 1874, 1896. 

•Miss Stella H. Mason, Clifton Springs, N. Y., 1888. 

•Miss E. F. McAllister, Rangoon, Burma, 1877, 1891. 

Rev. John McGulre, Mandalay, Burma, 1891. 

Mrs. J. McGulre, Goshen, Ind. 

Rev. W. K. McKibben and wife, Swatow, China, 1875, 1895. 

Rev. John McLaurin, D. D., and wife, 7 Primrose Road, Bangalore, Madras Presidency, 

India, 1869, 1891. 
tMlss Lavlnla Mead, 27 Nakajima-Cho, Sendai, Japan, 1887, 1890. 
♦Miss G. Milne, Ikoko, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1893. 
Mr. R. R. Milne, Ikoko, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1894. 
•Miss Ellen E. Mitchell, M. D., Moulmein, Burma, 1879, 1890. 
♦Mrs. H. W. Mix, Monft, Southern Shan States, Burma, 1879, 1891. 
Rev. Thomas Moody and wife, Irebu, Congo, W. Africa, via Antwerp, 1890, 1895. 
Rev. P. H. Moore and wife, Nowgong, Assam, India, 1879, 1890. 
Rev. P. E. Moore and wife, Nowgong, Assam, India, 1890. 
•Miss Henrietta F. Morgan, Gauhatl, Assam, India, 1895. 
Rev. Horatio Morrow, Tavoy, Burma, 1876, 1889. 
Mrs. Horatio Morrow, Rochester, Vt 
Rev. L. H. Mosler and wlfe^ Prome, Burma, 1890. 
Rev. I. E. Munger, Tura, Assam, India, 1896. 

Rev. Christian Nelson, Klfwa, via Lukunga, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp. 1892. 
Mrs. Christian Nelson, 368 Station Street, Kankakee, 111. 
Rev. John Newcomb and wife, Cumbum, Madras Presidency, India, 1884, 1893. 

1897.] EditoHal 9 

^Miss H. D. Newcomb, Nurearavapetta, Madras Presidency. India, 1891. 

Rev. C. A. Nichols and wife, Bassein, Burma, 1879, 1893. 

Mr. H. J. Openshaw, \achnu. care the local post, Hankow, China, 1893. 

Rev. Wm. C. Owen and wife, Bapatla, Madras Presidency, India, 1891. 

Rev. John Packer, D. D., and wife, Meiktila, Burma, 1872, 1889. 

tMiss P. B. Palmer, Spencerport, N. Y., 1880. 

tMiss Emily A. Parker, St. Clair, Mich., 1890. 

tMiss Julia A. Parrott, Tounjjoo, Burma, 1895. 

Rev. W. B. Parshley and wife, 34 Bluff. Yokohama, Japan, 1890. 

Rev. S. B. Partridge, D. D.. and wife, Potsdam, N. Y., 1868. 

Rev. Joseph Paul and wife, North Lakhimpur, Assam, India, 1894. 

•Miss E. H. Payne, Pegu, Burma, 1876, 1893. 

tMrs. L. P. Pearce, Ootacamund, Madras Presidency, India. 1871, 1888. 

Rev.'S. A. Perrine and wife, Impur, Assam, India, 1892. 

Rev. C. E. Petrick apd wife, Sibsagor, Assam, India, 1889, 1896. 

Rev. Wm. Pettigrew, Ukrul, Manipur, Assam, India, 1889, 1896. 

Rev. E. G. Phillips and wife, Tura, Assam, India, 1874, 1893. 

Mr. P. D. Phfnney. Baptist Mission Press, Rangoon, Burma, 1881, 1895. 

♦Miss Hattle Phinney, Rangoon, Burma, 1885, 1892. 

tMiss R. E. Pinney, Secunderabad, Deccan, India, 1893. 

Rev. William E. Powell and wife, Nursaravapetta. Madras Presidency, India, 1886, 1894. 

Rev. W. I. Price and wife, Henzada, Burma, 1879, 1803. 

♦Miss Carrie E. Putnam, Mayville, N. Y., 1886. 

♦Miss Ruth W. Ranney, Rangoon, Burma, 1884, 1802. 

Rev. Neil D. Reid, Henzada, Burma, 1803. 

Rev. H. H. Rhees, D. D., and wife, 5 Hill, Kobe, Japan, 1878, 1891. 

Rev. H. Richards and wife, Banza Mantoke, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1870, 1891. 

G. H. Richardson, M. D., and wife, Toungoo, Burma, 1805. 

♦Miss C. E. Righter, Kinhwa, via Ningpo, China, 1888, 1804. 

Rev. S. W. Rivenburg and wife, Kohima, Assam, India, 1883, 1894. 

Prof. E. B. Roach and wife, Baptist College, Rangoon, Burma, 1887. 1896. 

Rev. W. H. Roberts, Bhamo, Burma, 1878, 1802. 

Mrs. W. H. Roberts, care H. R. Buel, Jacksonville, 111. 

♦Miss Eva L. Rolman, 30a Tsukiji, Tokyo, Japan, 1885, 1804. 

♦Miss A. J. Rood, Tura, Assam, India, 1804. 

Mrs. A. T. Rose, Rangoon, Burma, 1853. 

Rev. R. Saillens, 4 Rue Angot, Bourg la Reine, Seine, Paris. France. 

Rev. C. A. Salquist, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1803. 

tMrs. A. K. Scott, M. D., Swatow, China, 1862, 1880. 

tMiss Mary K. Scott, Swatow, China, 1800. 

fRev. J. H. Scott and wife, Bangai 50, Kogawa cho, Osaka, Japan, 1892. 

Rev. A. E. Seagrave and wife. Rangoon, Burma, 1888. 

Rev. W. A. Sharp and wife, Moulmein, Burma, 1803. 

•Miss Martha Sheldon, Moulmein, Burma, 1876, 1892. 

tMiss E. R. Simons, Toungoo, Burma, 1887. 

Rev. A. Sims, M. D., Leopoldville, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1882, 1886. 

Rev. E. V. Sjoblom, EquatorvlUe, Congo, West Africa, via Antwerp, 1892. 

tMiss Ida A. Skinner. 1891. 

♦Miss Sarah R. Slater, 34 No. 40th St., Philadelphia, Pa., 1880. 

Rev. D. A. W. Smith, D. D., and wife, Insein, Burma, 1863, 1888. 

♦Miss Jenny V. Smith, Hornby, N. Y., 1801. 

♦Miss L. A. Snowden, Shaohing, P. O. Ningpo, China, 1893. 

Rev. Jacob Speicher and' wife, Swatow, China, 1805. 

tMiss H. E. St. John, Swatow, China, 1805. 

Rev. W. A. Stanton and wife, Kumool, Madras Presidency, India, 1802. 

•Miss E. C. Stark. Mission Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., 1884. 

Rev. A. E. Stephen and wife, Goalpara, Assam, India, 1803. 

Mrs. E. L. Stevens, Rangoon, Burma, 1837, 1876. 

Rev. E. O. Stevens, Moulmein, Burma, 1864, 1880. 

Mrs. E. O. Stevens, Waterville, Maine. 

tMiss Elizabeth Stewart, Ningpo, China, 1886, 1805. 

Rev. William B. Story and wife, 68 Innai, Chofu, Yamaguchl ken, Japan, 1891. 

tMiss Alberta Sumner, Nowgong, Assam, India, 1896. 

Rev. P. P. Sutherland, M. D., and wife, Sagaing, Burma, 1886, 1895. 

Rev. O. li. Swanson and wife. No. Lakhimpur, Assam, India, TS93. 

10 Miaaionary Concert Programme, [January, 

Rev. W. S. Sweet and wife, Shaohing. P. C, Ningpo, China, 1893. 

Rev. G. W. Taft and wife, 20 Yamanioto dori, Kobe, Japan, 1889. 

fMiss E. J. Taylor. Moulmein, Burma, 1888. 

Rev. W. P\ Thomas and wife, Harrison St., RosUndale, Mass., 1880. 

tMlss Thora M. Thompson, Toungoo, Burma, 1894. 

Rev. R. A. Thomson and wife, 48 Naka Yamate-dori, San-chome. Kobe, Japan, 1888, 1894. 

Rev. H. H. Tilbe and wife. Baptist College, Rangoon, Burma, 1887, 1896. 

Rev. J. S. Timpany, M. D., and wife, care Station Master, Kazipett, N. G. S. Ry., Deccan^ 

India, 1892. 
Prof. Henry Topping and wife, 30a Tsukiji Tokyo, Japan, 1895. 
Rev. E. Tribolet, Bassein, Burma, 1888. 
Mrs. B. Tribolet, Pitcher, N. Y. 
Rev. T. Truv^, Gothenburg, Sweden. 
tMiss Louise E. Tschirch, Bassein, Burma, 1884, 1892. 

Rev. William M. Upcraft, Yachau, care the local post, Hankow, China, 1889, 1893. 
Rev. W. O. Valentine, Baptist College. Rangoon. Burma, 1894. 
Rev. C. F. Viking and wife, Ningpo, China, 1893. 
Rev. J. Vincent, Denain (Nird), France. 
Mrs. J. H. Vinton, Rangoon. Burma, 1861, 1889. 
§Miss Mattie Walton, Bangai 59, Kogawa cho, Osaka. Japan, 1893. 
Mr. George Warner and wife, 340 No. 3d Ave., Canton, 111., 1889. 
•Miss Isabel Watson, Bassein, Burma, 1867, 1892. 
•Miss J. E. Wayte, Nellore, Madras Presidency, India. 1884. 189r». 
Rev. Robert Wellwood and wife, Suifu, care the local post. Hankow. China. 1891. 
Rev. E. T. Welles and wife, 1896. 
tMiss Dorcas Whitaker, 1896. 
Rev. G. E. Whitman, Swatow, China, 1892. 

•Miss M. A. Whitman, 10 Fukuro machi, Suruga dai, Tokyo, Japan, 1883, 1890. 
Rev. R. R. Williams, D. D., and wife. Eureka, Kan., 1873. 
♦Miss Isabella Wilson, Gauhati, Assam, India, 1895. 
•Miss H. M. Witherbee, 34 Bluff, Yokohama, Japan, 1895. 
Rev. William Wynd and wife, 187 Kogawa cho. Osaka, Japan, 1891. 
tMiss Nora M. Yates, 214 So. 6th Street, Goshen, Ind., 1891. 
Mr. Andrew Young. Lukunga, Congo, W. Africa, via Antwerp, 1895. 
•Miss A. S. Young, Klnhwa. via Ningpo, China, 1888. 
Rev. W. M. Young and wife, Thibaw, via Mandalay, Burma, 1892. 



[The references are to thi« number of the Magazinb.] 

1. Praise Service. 12. Prayer for the Conversion of Japan. 

2. Scripture and Prayer. 1^. Singing. 

3. Singinj?. 14. Christianity We Do Need. (p. 30.) 

4. The Tidal Wave. (p. 12.) 15. Reading. "Encouragements and Dis- 

5. Civilization, (p. 13.) courajjements in the Japan Field.*' 
f). After the Flood, (p. 3.) (p. 11.) 

7. The Religious Outlook, (p. 14.) l(>. Offering for the American Baptist 

8. Singing. Missionary Union, for Japan. 

9. Commercial Changes in Japan, (p. 19.) 17. Singing. 

10. Extent of Japan, (p. 30.) IS. Benediction. 

11. Religious Outlook in Japan, (p. 24.) 

1897.] Encouragements and DiscouragemeMs in the Japan JField. 





EVERY missionary field has Its causes 
for disappointments, and every mis- 
sionary must be more or less inclined to dis- 
couragement, for disheartening circum- 
stances are not novelties in the life of any 
servant of the Master, and this must be es- 
pecially true of those who live under the 
shadow of heathenism and are so com- 
pletely separated from the cheerful influ- 
ences of home and the homeland. 

A recent visit among the workers in 
Japan and a brief survey of the missions in 
that country have not only intensified the 
desire to see greater effort and expenditure 
of time and money in advancing the king- 
dom of Christ in that empire of darkness, 
but have enlarged and quickened my own 
personal sympathies for those tried and 
trembling messengers of God. 

One of their peculiar trials Is the ap- 
parently trembling hold that the churches 
at home have upon the rope by which they 
are upheld and sustained. Doubtless there 
has been a slipping of hands and a fainting 
of hearts among all the rope-holders of our 
land. Several cords and weakened strands 
of supply have disturbed their confidence 
and shaken their trust. When they have 
called for help and there has been no 
answer; when they have plead for in- 
creased appropriations and have met with 
reductions; when they have prayed for 
more men and have been called to come 
home themselves, because there were no 
means at hand for advance^ but a pressing 
necessity for retrenchment; such discour- 
agements have been the results as could 
have come from no other cause. The 
weight of the Union's debt and of the fail- 
ure of the churches is felt much more se- 
verely in Japan, for the reason that the 
present is a crisis in the history of that peo- 
ple. The question of the hour with them 
is, whether infidelity is to control the move- 
ments of this wonderfully progressive na> 

tion, or whether Christianity is to lead it 
out and up into higher conditions of growth 
and grander development of moral and 
spiritual power. 

Another cause of discouragement is the 
superior equipment of the other denomina- 
tions, the encouraged energy of their mis- 
sionaries, and their enlarged opportunities 
for success as compared with the restricted 
and feebly-supported appointments of our 
own denomination. We hold very much 
the same position in these matters that our 
nation does in the social and commercial 
world of Japan. America stands fourth or 
fifth with reference to trade and national 
infiuence as compared with England, Ger- 
many, France and others. There was a 
shadow of shame on my countenance at the 
constant recognition of this fact Espe- 
cially was this true in the limited demon- 
stration on the "Glorious Fourth,'* though 
we flung to the breeze on that morning a 
beautiful, large flag that we had brought 
with us as a present to our patriotic son 
and daughter. 

Still another discouragement is found in 
the peculiarities of the people themselves. 
Generations of encouraged Immoralities, 
centuries of heathen debasement and 
cruelties, do not produce the best materials 
for immediate regeneration. An acquired 
self-sufllciency, an encouraged feeling of 
independence, a growing and apparent 
recognition by themselves of their abilities; 
all these elements make them severely im- 
pervious to the humbling truths of Chris- 
tianity. Above all, their natural fickleness 
of character, as compared with other more 
conservative nations, produces a feeling of 
uncertainty bordering on discouragement 
in the minds of those who are toiling and 
suffering for their immediate salvation and 

The silver lining to this cloud Is, however, 
very easily discovered when one mingles 


JJisasters in Japan, 


With the true and faithful of the native 
Christians, whose faith and piety have 
been tried as the silver is tried, many of 
them in the fires of persecution and in the 
fining pot of sorrow and many more amid 
the discouragements of unsuccessful effort 
for their fellows. Most of the young men 
in the Theological Seminary could secure 
places of emolument at once, but only a 
very few have been tempted above that 
they have been able to bear. Better sala- 
ries are offered by other denominations yet 
they remain true to the truth. There is 
many an ingot of pure gold in these con- 
verts to Christianity and these adherents to 
Baptist faith because it is Bible truth. 
There is much less of instability among the 
members of our churches than in any other 
for the above reason. 

A second element of encouragement is in 
the conservative character of all our mis- 
sionaries, concerning whom I know not an 
exception; conservative in their adherence 
to the doctrine of the inspiration of the 

Word of God, concerning the fundamental 
doctrine of the atonement, and the all-es- 
sential position that the Bible, the whole 
Bible and nothing but the Bible is to be the 
basis of Christian faith and practice. 
There is as far as I know an absolute free- 
dom from that liberality of religious 
thong lit that has led others into a condition 
of irreligion or of philosophy as a subsitute, 
and has undermined their splendid institu- 
tions and sorely affected their spiritual 

These, together with the sure, safe, pos- 
sibly slow but evident proofs of continual 
and continuing progress, afford sources of 
encouragement upon which we as a denomi- 
nation may look with feelings of profound 
gratitude, and with Increasing hope for a 
larger and mightier work in the future. 

Let us stay up the hands of the faithful. 
Let us give the means and men needed for 
this true advancement of Christ's kingdom, 
else while we are busy here and there and 
elsewhere Japan may be gone. 



OUR north Japan field has been visited 
by a great tidal wave disaster, as you 
have already been informed by the news- 
papers. The like of this disaster has 
not taken place, even in this country of great 
natural convulsions, for many decades. I 
was myself working in the district, our so- 
ciety being the only Protestant body doing 
anything in the devastated region, and was 
staying in Kisennuma, which was saved 
by the peculiar formation of the coast 
there. Had I been at one of the more ex- 
posed places my next report in all proba- 
bility would have been made directly to the 
Head Manager of our Society's work and 
I would have been transferred to a higher 
department. This was the case— let us de- 
voutly hope— with a self-sacrificing Roman 
Catholic missionary working on the field a 
few miles north from where I was. He 
had walked from early morning, not 
knowing it was the last stage of his life's 


journey. He had arrived at Kamaishi at 
about 7.30 o'clock just about dark. He 
had exchanged his travel-stained garments 
and had just sat down upon the matted 
floor to rest when the wave overwhelmed 
the room and he found himself struggling 
for life. It was a pitiful sight; strong 
physically, and a good swimmer, he battled 
nobly with the eddying and swirling cur- 
rents. But being much fatigued with his 
forty-mile walk in this mountainous re- 
gion, he finally was sucked under to rise 
no more in this life. 

The coast from a point near Sendal 
northeast for about one hundred and fifty 
miles, was swept by a series of great 
waves. It took place on the night of June 
15, at about 8 o'clock. The waves were 
forced up at some places by the converg- 
ing shore lines to the tremendous height 
of eighty feet; with an average of twenty 
or twenty-five feet. They were preceded 
by many shocks of earthquakes, and by a 


DUattert in Japan. 

roar as of Bome temble wild beast abont 
to spring upon Its prey. Then came— so 
say surri vera— the crash ot hoitees, boats 
and fallen trees as tbey were suddenly 
lifted from the earth, and after being 
crashed and mixed together tbey were 
taken out by the receding wave. Houses, 
boats, horses, people and uprooted trees 
were so churned together tfiat tlie people 
who were washed up again were so dread- 
fully brutned that they are lying by hun- 
dreds laugulsldng In the Red Cross hospi- 
tals promptly established after the disas- 
ter. The mortality is targe among the sur- 

reecued sad eighty-two of these badly In- 

The people displayed by their ready re- 
sponse to the cry for help that tbey had a 
solidarity as a nation and an assimilation 
ot the best spiilt of European clTillsatlaa 
that sbowed them up favorably. Such an 
exhibition of national feeling would be im- 
possible In China for instance. There Is 
there lacking both the patriotism and (lie 
liuniaue spirit of this people. Some have 
thought that only wiien the Innate mili- 
tary Instinct was aroused would Japan act 



vivors. Trobabiy the loss will be 30,000. 
The number of bouses washed away is 
given at 8,313: people killed outright, 27,- 
076; people wounded, 5.4C3. Total loss of 
property— houses, boats, nets, flelda, ami 
standitiK crops — will amount to many mil- 
lions. Among the worst places was Taro, 
360 houses all swept away. The 1,300 peo- 
ple at home at the time were all drowned. 
Fishermen to the number of flfty-tliree, 
away on the sea at their toil, were the 
only ones left. Kamaishl, 6,500 people, 
1300 left, and out of these 500 were dread- 
. fnlly wounded. Only forty-three houses 
left out of the 1,230, formerly in the town. 
At Tool, out of 1,200 people but 103 were 

like a western notion. But they now show 
another side of their character to those 
who doubt that their clrlll/atlou is more 
than sliln deep. The Emperor at once con- 
tributed H.OOO yen a yen=52c.). The 
goveriiuient appropriated Y. 500,000. The 
people gave by subscriptions, public and 
private, Y. 500,000. One native newspaper 
boomed a list ot Y. 30,000 with subscrip- 
tions running down to a few cents. The 
native press vied with one another to get 
up the largest list. Foreigners vied' with 
natives In forgetting themselves In noble 
deeds of generosity. Clothes old and new 
were sent In till the prefectural offices were 
unable to give them out fast eoough to 


Disasters in Japan, 


prevent the overrunning of their storing 


The people so afflicted by this tidal wave 
have lost faith In their gods and seek In 
Christianity a more reliable deity. That 
this motive is not the best that might be 
wished is really acknowledged. That we 
thus have a good opportunity to preach 
freely to them we are thankful. Our be- 
lievers are much encouraged by this desire 
to hear. In one farming district, near the 
devastated region, where we have a church 
of about twenty members, all illiterate 
farmers, the brethren organized a crusade 
to conquer the territory for Christ. They 
printed a cross on a banner and went for- 
ward carrying it and preaching as they 
went. They carried their food and other 
necessaries with them, as entertainment 
was not to be had in the ruined villages. 
We are glad that thus will they be hard- 
ened for the home campaign, where they 
will have to do without the incitement of 
public enthusiasm and will have more 
often ridicule than welcome. 


Within a few years we have had a num- 
ber of splits off from the inert mass of 
Buddhism. Among theseare two called Rem- 
monkyo and Tenrikyo. Ten means heaven; 
Ri means reason or way; Kyo is religion. 
Tenrikyo may then be freely translated 
The Heavenly Way. This cult has pre- 
vailed considerably in the devastated dis- 
tricts. It is a sort of a Buddhist faith cure. 
It is a revolt also against the solitary, as- 
cetic teachings of pure Buddhism. It 
thinks it sees that the free association of 
its members, their meetings, singing and 
praying together, their mutual efforts for 
one another's benefit, have been the reas- 
ons for the success of Christianity. Also 
the interest taken in the physical as well as 
the spiritual benefit of the individual mem- 
ber has added to the hold the new religion 
from the West has gained on the people. 
So it has in imitation of Christianity or- 
ganized meetings where the members of 
both sexes come together. This is quite a 

revolutionary practice in Japan, where 
only in the lowest society is such a thing 
practised. They sing, go through a sort of 
"cake walk," and repeat together some for- 
mulae supposed to have power to drive 
away evil spirits and cure diseases. As 
these meetings are often run late into the 
night, and being unaccompanied by any 
moral restraints, as is natural, they are 
often accompanied by immorality. The 
police are watching their meetings, and the 
government is inclined to forbid them. 
After the tidal wave, to furbish up their 
tarnished reputation resulting from police 
surveillance, they in one place added the 
claim of the gift of prophecy to that of 
healing. Unfortunately for them they had 
not the wisdom to work their wonders only 
in a region where denial of their power is 
diflicult, such as in nervous maladies 
where the imagination of the patient has 
such wonderful power to make better or 
worse. The Tenrikyo people foretold that 
there would be another tidal wave. Many 
people in that place got away to the hills 
with as much of their stuff as they could 
conveniently and quickly move. A very 
uncomfortable night was spent in the open. 
The tidal wave did not come. There was a 
pretty sharp fall in the stocks of the new 


The change of the Doshisha, founded at 
Kyoto, by the celebrated Christian hero, 
Neesima, to a non Christian basis, is a dis- 
aster that marks the year in the religious 
world. The transfer will be the climax of 
the injury done by it of late years to .the 
Christian community. Its first students 
and finally its leading native professors, 
drawn as they were from Captain Janes* 
famous Kumamoto Band, probably came to 
the institution with the ultra-liberal bias 
of their first teacher. As long as Doctor 
Neesima lived he kept their destructive 
views in check by his preponderating per- 
sonal influence. When he was taken away 
the college quickly deteriorated and soon 
became a hotbed of radicalism. The man- 
agement restricted more and more the 
wholesome influence of the prominent mis- 


JJisasUra in Japan. 


«ionarie8 on Its teaching staff, and ijave 
more and more freedom to the ultra liber- 
als on the native stafif. Then they took ad- 
vantage of the inability of foreigners to 
hold property and appropriated not only 
the property of the Board in the college 
outfit but also the mission houses and 
other property in other parts of the inte- 
rior. The commission sent out last year 
to arrange this and other matters 
was not able to better matters but 
rather brought them to an open breach. 
The funds hitherto given to the college 
by the American Board have been with- 
drawn. The missionaries have resigned, 
and the prestige of the whole Christian 
communitj^ in Japan suffers. A Shinto 
organ in a late issue upbraids the Japan- 
ese management for Ingratitude and un- 
christian conduct. But generally it is rec- 
ognized that om* reli;;i<)n is influencing 
more and more the national life. 


An event in the national life, of interest, 
is the series of papers on morals, written 
by Fukuzawa Jukichi. wliom we may call 
the most prominent educator in the empire. 
These papers were written in response to 
a request by the Education Department of 
the government for treatises on the subject 
from which might be selected material for 
the preparation of a course of ethics for 
the public schools. Mr. Fukuzawa's es- 
says, while not giving the source, are 
clearly drawn from Christianity. They 
are acknowledged by the native press to 
be by far tlie best that have been offered. 
Monogamy and other Christian practices 
tire taught in these essays. The family 
life as we see it only under Christianity 
is portrayed in glowing colors. Altogether 
though we are making fewer converts in 
these days, owing chiefly to the unwilling- 
less of the native Christians to cooperate 
cordially with the mis8ionar>', we may say 
there are to-day signs of much substantial 


We have had many disasters this year in 
Japan. By heavy rains in July a flood 
was caused which in several provinces de- 
stroyed millions of yens* worth of crops 

and other property. Fortunately but few 
lives were lost at that time. Again lately 
there has been a storm in which houses 
have been thrown down to the number 
of 4,300; partially wrecked, 4,800; deaths, 
23. Crops in Gifu Province, which suf- 
fered so dreadfully from an earthquake in 
1892, are destroyed to the extent of fifty 
per cent. And still more recently an 
earthquake, having its centre on the west 
coast, occurred in which hundreds of lives 
have been lost; houses in a large district 
tumbled down; great fissures scores of 
miles long and hundreds of yards wide 
have been opened; river embankments 
destroyed; and prosperous villages almost 
blotted out of existence. I was working in 
a district not so very far from this afflicted 
region and had a very strong impression 
made upon my nerves by the shake. My 
Japanese fellow worker— we were making 
house-to-iiouse visits, distributing tracts, 
and inviting people to the evening preach- 
ing meeting— reeled with dizziness caused 
by the motion and would have fallen had 
not a friendly post been within hand reach. 
Tlie people all clattered out into the streets 
and I thouglit perhaps my long furlough 
time liad come. And this was at least a 
good hundred and fifty miles or more from 
the earthquake centre. 

Surely the country has been passing 
through a series of national disasters from 
the loss of the fruits of their victory in 
the late war by having to relinquish the 
Laotung Peninsula at the dictation of 
Russia, France and Germany last year, 
down to the late earthquake. The effect 
' should be the toning down of the naturally 
Increasing pride of this people. There has 
also been the humiliating fiasco In Korea, 
causing their almost complete loss of pres- 
tige when the queen was murdered with 
the connivance, If not at the Instigation, 
of the hare-brained representative whom 
Japan unwisely appointed to represent her 
at the Korean court. By the result of the 
war Japan was an easy first In Korea and 
had earned her right to renovate and mod 
ernize the government of the **far Eastern 
sick man.'* This was being done admlra 
bly under her triUy able statesman, Coun^ 


The Tidal Wave in Japan, 


Inouye. When Inouye resigned or was re- 
called the above event took place and now 
Russia has vaulted into Japan's place and 
Korean independence is more threatened 
by Russia than it ever was by China. The 

King even resides within the precincts of 
the Russian legation. May we not hope 
that next year will be a more prosperous 
one for this plucky little empire of the 
far East. 



THE great tidal wave which visited 
Japan on the evening of the 15th of 
June, will long be remembered In the 
afflicted district. Since then the earth- 
quake of August and the floods of Septem- 
ber have by their new claims diverted 
public sympathy, but the terrible disaster 
of June has left effects from which It will 
take years to recover. 

Unheralded, with all the swiftness of a 
bird of prey, and with the force of accumu- 
lated avalanches, that fatal wave swept 
along the coast, In a single hour demolish- 
ing more than eight thousand houses, kill- 
ing more than twenty-soven thousand peo- 
ple, and wounding nearly three thousand 

Having been requested by foreigners in 
Yokohama to Investigate, In company with 
two other missionaries, the harm done, and 
distribute aid, I spent about a month In 
the devastated district, and give some 
gleanings from my experience, which may 
be of Interest. 

An hour's car-ride took me from Yoko- 
hama to Tokyo, where I spent the night, 
and twelve hours more brought me to Sen- 
dal. In this city we consulted with mis- 
slonaries and with the officers of the pre- 
fecture, and then resumed our journey, 
partly by cars, partly Jinrlksha and partly 
on foot, reaching a place called Shlzugawa 
by night of the same day. This was the 
first coast village we reached, and the 
first affected by the tidal wave. The dam- 
age done here seemed great enougli^ but 
comparatively speaking It was slight. 

From this point we went northward along 
the coast through the province of Mlyagl 
and some distance Into that of Iwate. 
r^ter I visited a second time some of the 
places already visited In this latter prov- 

ince, and went to others to which the com- 
mittee as a whole were unable to go. I 
also visited the province beyond, called 
Aomorl. The damage caused by the tidal 
wave was confined almost exclusively to 
these three provinces. 

We a little band of believers in 
Shlzugawa, but none of them were hurt 
One of the members lost quite a number 
of relatives, and probably all who had 
household goods had them damaged. We 
visited the hospital here opened on account 
of the tidal wave. It had at first ninety- 
two patients, but only sixty-four were still 
tliore at the time of our visit, June 27. 
As we went northward by the shore road, 
we found sonic villages and hamlets al- 
most entirely swept away. For instance 
one of the first entries in my diary speaks 
of a place with originally seventy-seven 
houses of which sixty were destroyed. 
The soldiers and coolies were still at work 
when we passed through, clearing the 
roads, searching for the dead, and burning 
refuse that might breed disease. At a 
place called Osawa, we saw evidences of 
the wave washing thirty feet above the 
sea-level. Here a temple situated about a 
hundred yards from the sea was ruined, 
as was also a bridge far up a rocky 
stream. Shortly after leaving here, we 
met five men coming over the bank of the 
road. One of them was carrying some 
burning Incense on a board, and the four 
who followed bore a wooden box contain- 
ing a corpse that had probably just been 
discovered. On the road near a place 
called Oya, we met Miss Mead of our mis- 
sion on her way to hospital work there. 
She was acting the good Samaritan In con- 
junction with the Red Cross Society. She 
afterwards called on us In a place called 


The Tidal Wave in Japan. 


Kisennmna where there was another hos- 
pital in which she was also doing service 
for the souls and bodies of the wounded. 
She told us that the relief worlc in this 
province (Miyagi) was well organized; that 
from fifty to eighty thousand dollars had 
already been contributed by the Japanese; 
that the authorities were able to tell, from 
their minute registration, what persons 
had relatives elsewhere able to help; that 
according to an old government custom 
ten dollars would be given to each house- 
holder who has lost his home, toward the 
erection of a new one; and that by a special 
regulation, government would supply the 
distressed with rice for a mouth. 

In a place called Takata, we met one 
young man who lost fourteen of his rela- 
tives in the wave, the bodies of only four 
of whom were recovered. In this same 
place we were persistently waited upon by 
a man eager to raise money for an orphan- 
age for children bereft by the disaster. 
We had reason to think later that even 
should he secure his money and his or- 
phanage, he would not secure his orphans, 
for throughout the whole district surviv- 
ors seemed determined that the children 
of the dead should not leave their own 
towns. In almost all the placed we visited, 
the saddening effect of the scene was deep- 
ened by large, smoking fires burning the 
thatch of old roofs and other refuse still 
wet from the wave, and often at the same 
time burning bodies that were too much 
decomposed for recognition or even re- 
moval. Every once In a while we would 
hear of some case that seemed to us pecu- 
liarly sad. We saw one poor fellow put- 
ting up a hovel where his home, had been, 
who. on being Interrogated, said that lie 
had lost his house, his horse, his wife, his 
father, and his daughter, and there were 
left to him only three children and his 
mother. In this same town we saw little 
knots or groups of people standing on the 
shore, and watching the water to see the 
dead bodies rise to the surface. In the hope 
of recovering the remains of relatives. We 
were told by one of our Christians of a 
yonng man who was on an eminence near 
his village when the wave came. The 

wave was really threefold, its second 
washing being the most destructive, and 
as the young man peered seaward in the 
darkness, he could see the lanterns and 
other lights of those who had climbed to 
their roofs when the first wave came, but 
when the second came the lights all went 
out, and the voices were hushed forever. 
W^e met a blind man on one of the steepest 
vand highest mountain-passes of that dis- 
trict, groping his way alone along a Jour- 
ney of over a hundred miles, hoping to 
reach again the home of his childhood, as 
the wave had taken everything he had. 
We were able to help him much In keep- 
ing to the path, and had long and inter- 
esting conversations with hliti about the 
narrow path to the upper Countrj', the 
loving Savior who wanted to guide him 
and to open his spiritual eyes, and the 
glories of that heaven where there can 
be no tidal wave— where there shall be no 
more sea. 

Most of the sufferers are fishermen, and 
their greatest financial loss Is probably In 
boats, next In nets and other fishing ap- 
paratus. We were surprised to see how 
expensive some of these fishing nets were, 
two varieties costing two thousand dollars 
each. At a place called Yoshlnaina, we 
saw signs of the wave sixty feet high. 
A little further on, at Tonl, where we were 
kindly entertained over night, by officials, 
in a temple— ^almost all large buildings had 
been destroyed— we were told that 1,800 
people had perished and only 500 were 
left. Tlie wave Is said to have reached 
the height of one hundred feet here. We 
were told later by an official in another 
place, a man who had himself traverse*! 
nmch of the devastated district that the 
report of the wave having washed some 
points a hundred and fifty feet above the 
level of the sea, was no longer regarded 
as an exaggeration. In a place called 
Kamaishi, which, by the way, was later 
shaken by the earthquake of August, there 
were still from fifteen to twenty-five bodies 
washed up dally, when we were there, 
more than two weeks after the wave. 

Large boats, many of them, were washed 
well ashore, one at least a quarter of a 


T/te Tidal Wave i 



mile lnlaad. The ioiii of tbe temple here 
was made of stone aod stood flfteea feet 
bigh. A torn or "bird-rest," the commoD 
symbol of a Sbluto temple. Is ii poital cou- 
slstiDg at a crossplece made of wood, 
stone or metal supported ou two uprights 
like tbe old Roman jugum: The columns 
of this lorii were monoliths tlfteen Inches 
In diameter and Hfteeu feet hlgb. Tlie 
croeapiece at the top was made of two 
stones deftly fitted together, each stouc 
about seven and n half feet long, a foot 
and a balf square, but so shaped tbat the 
ends projecting beyond the pillars shoulil 

about eight o'clock In the evening, there 
was an earthquake, but not a very severe 
one. This was soon followed by a strange 
roaring sound wblcb, In the storm and 
darkness of the eveuiug, was understood 
by few. Then came the flrat wave, fol- 
lowed speedily by a second and stronger, 
!ind thin nsnln by a third one, not so se- 
vere. Tbe roar of the waters, the crash 
of buildings, the shrieks of those wbo 
were themselves dying or knew that mem- 
l>erB of their households were being en- 
gulfed in the mad watprs. made the dark- 
ness of the night awful. The man who 


curve upwnrds wlille the rest should be 
horizontal. The wave struck this torll 
with. such force that one of these massive 
top-stones was carried a distance of nearly . 
360 feet from Ihe spot over which it had 
previously been supported. Tlie other 
stones were broken and found in different 
places between It and the temple entrance, 
their original position. The head of the 
post and telegraph office of this town gave 
us a vivid description of his personal ex- 
petionce at the time of tljc wave, and of 
the terror that everywhere prevailed. 
There had been a heavy fug In the morn- 
ing and n drenching rain from about four 
or half past four In the afternoon. At 

spoke to us said that he wanted to die at 
the time; and believed that many gladly 
took water into their lungs, to put an end 
to their miseries. He himself had Just 
llnislied building a claplKiard house, which 
being made largely of wood, not only 
Qoated, but was the means of saving a 
number of people, who were rescued from 
the water through its upper windows. We 
talked about Christ, and urged him to 
become such a Christian that others as- 
sisted by his faith might have their souls 
rescued from an even more terrible de- 
struction. He seemed much Impressed and 
asked us to pray for him. On a visit some 
weeks later to this same town, I learned 


Commercial Changes in Japan, 


of a relief which the people had felt in the 
death, by this tidal wave, of a wealthy 
and oppressiye official residing there. He 
was both feared and hated. He had just 
built himself a handsome house, and put 
up some iron gates— wonderful things in 
that part of the country— when **the flood 
came and destroyed them all." My second 
visit to Kamaishi was a month and a day 
after the wave, but as I sailed out of the 
harbor I saw, even at this late date, three 
dead bodies that had recently risen to the 
surface of the water and were becoming 
food for the assembled sea-gulls. 

The fishermen have their own explana- 
tion of the wave. They say that the cold 
stream from the north usually gives place 
to the warm stream from the south near 
the end of the third month. They have 
long observed this, because the warm 
streams brings them the maguro, or tunny- 
fish. This year these' large fish did not 
come till about the time of the tidal wave. 
••Therefore," say they, "the warm stream 
must have come with a rush, and meeting 
with a cold counter-stream, piled up the 
water till it overflowed the land." At one 
place which I visited, it was estimated 
that out of thirty-five of the population 
thirty-four had perished. In one of the 
hospitals to which I took condensed milk, 
the surgeon called my attention to a poor 
fellow whose leg had been amputated, and 
told me he was the only one of all his 
village who had not perished in the wave. 

The other members of the committee be- 
ing obliged to return during the first fort- 

night, it devolved upon me to carry out 
plans adopted, and secure and distribute 
things needed. The total amount of money 
passing through my hands, was about 
forty-eight hundred dollars and was 
largely used in the purchase of fishing- 
boats, but about five hundred and fifty 
dollars of it was devoted to the purchase 
of quilts for old people. Quilts constitute 
the only bed and bedding which most of the 
Japanese use. Condensed milk for the 
hospitals and hemp for net- making were 
secured from Yokohama and distributed 
to the best of my ability. Including their 
cost, the amount raised was more than 
five thousand dollars. There was not 
much opportunity for religious meetings. 
I had and utilized many an opportunity 
for private religious conversation, and 
found that at times those who had lost 
everything on earth were willing to listen 
to the glorious gospel and its hopes of 
heaven, and that at other times Satan's 
grip was still strong. It seemed to me that 
I had never before so fully understood the 
story of the deluge in the Old Testament, 
and the forcible way in which our Lord 
uses it as an illustration in the New. All 
along the coast they had been buying and 
selling, had been eating and drinking, and 
in one town at least, had been making 
great preparations for merry-making on 
account of an unusually large amount of 
fish, '*and they knew not till the flood 
came, and took them all away." "Watch, 
therefore, for ye know not what hour your 
Lord doth come." 



MANY changes are taking place in Japan 
at the present time. The war with 
China was the cause of many of these 
changes. Homes were broken up by the 
death of father, brother or son. The re- 
turning soldiers had new aspirations and 
more money perhaps than had ever been in 
the family before. Formosa came into the 
possession of the Japanese, and large num- 
bers are going there and entering business. 

The Japanese are building, under the treaty 
rights secured from China, large manufac- 
tories in Shanghai and other Chinese cities, 
but more largely in Japan itself. The gi'eat 
number of tall smokestacks now going up 
in Osaka arc witnesses to the great changes 
going on about us. 

These changes effect our mission work. 
There is much moving about, and we have 
lost very many of our church members re- 


Commerciai Changes 

t Japan. 


cently. Since the middle of this month 
three young men, two of them members of 
our church, and a regular attendant, hare 
decided to go to other pieces. One of them 
goes to formosa. 

The alarming Increase In the expense of 
living Is driving many out of the easy-going 
life of the past Into something- else. The 
large salnrles now ofTert^ to clerks for 
voriilng In Japan. Formosa nnd China, 
eapeclnlly if they have a little knowledge of 

the practice of resting at frequent Intervals, 
to smoke, chat or drink tea, that when what 
Is called a daj's work is summed up. the 
production as compared with the ordinary 
output of on American workman who glvea 
ten long hours to his labor under almost 
perfect factory discipline Is found to be 
woefully teas. It is no exaggeration, nor Is 
it In any way Intended to belittle the Japa- 
nese workman who Is simply continuing 
the Indoiietulonce Ingrnfied Into his being. 

English, are tcmptlnt: many from Christian 
work Into business. These coudltions roust 
greatly affed our work. 

Along with theEc changes there are many 
social problems of Intense Inlerest to the 
Christian sociologist. The efforts of the 
Oriental to adjust himself to these new 
things are often Intensely amusing and 
always Interesting. A late United States 
Consular Report says; 

"The .Fupanpse carries into the workshop 
or field, or any ordinary undertaking re- 
quiring the oipendlture of physical force, 
Orientni customs which seem to be a part 
of his nature. They are so habituated to 

and I 1>elk>ve necessary to sustain his well- 
being, til say that the American laborer pi-o- 
duccs more in three houre than his Japa- 
nese fpllow-workman docs in what is culled 
a day's work. . . . The Japanese are essen- 
tially children of nature, working when 
nature smiles. Idling when nature frowns. 
. . . Their workshops have l>een for cen- 
turies within the walls of their habitations 
of which they were lord and moster, where 
they have slept, ate, rested, smokpd, chatted, 
drank tea, and worked at their own sweet 

To take such a people, who for centuries 
have been accustomed to rest upon the 


A Dai/ at Makahe. 


flimsiest pretext, and prescribe for tb«m 
long boors of locessant toil aa is being done 
now In tbe large manufactories, to take 
tbe little children of a people for centuries 
nnder tbe eas^-golng conditions above men- 
tioned and put tbem Into the tedious, ex- 
hausting labor of the factories, calls forth 
the sympathy of every one with a kindly 
feeing toward tbe oppressed. 

In Osaka there are eighteen large cotton 
factories, besides many other large manu- 
factories, with capitals from $250,000 to 
S2,000,000 and employing thousands of men, 
women and children. In Sakai tLere is one 
large cotton fautory and many manufac- 
tories of rugs and carpets, large Quantities 
of wbicb are sent to America and to other 
foreign countries. In Klsblwada there la 
one cotton factory with a capital of $250,- 
000 and running over 11,000 spindles. Very 
often does the longing assert itself that the 
joy of the Giospei might be brought into 
the dark lives of the work people, and that 
tbe hearts of the employers might be 
touched with sympathy toward those under 
their employ. Almost no Christian work 
baa as yet been done among the employees 

of these factories. Klshiwada Is on the Une 
of a new railroad and will doubtless become 
a place of considerable Importance. The 
roadway from Osaka to Klsblwada via 
Sakai is crowded continually with vehicles 
of various kinds carrying the products of 
the manufactories. Indeed the business 
now done is Immense and will be greatly In- 
creased when tbe railrond Is completed, and 
we rejoice In being able to open work for 
Christ In a place of so much promise. 

I have recently secured a few statistics 
tbnt may be of interest. There are in all 
Japan Buddblst temples to tbe number ot 
73,000 and Buddhist priests to the number 
of 100,000. For every square mile there are 
an average of three temples and tour priests, 
and for every 340 people there is one temple 
aud [or every 400 people there Is one priest 
Tlicre Is contributed to these temples each 
year for the support of tbe priests and the 
raaiutenaiK^e of the temples yon 22,600,000, 
or about $12,000,000 United States money. 
These flgiirps apply to Buddhism alone and 
do not iuflude any Items of Shintoism or 
other religions. How dense the darkness. 



IT seems but a few 
years ago that a mis- 
sionary journey suggested 
to my boyish mind noth- 
ing but heathen jungles. 
and said jungles were 
pictured according to de- 
, scrjptlons that I bad read 
president of Bapiln of the Dismal Swamp 
Theoloi^ul Semi- with a few lions, tigers, 
o«ry,^, piepimnis aud vipers 
thrown in to vary the 
picture and add interest to the excite- 
ment of tbe story of the poor mis- 
sionary whose life was In constant danger. 
Alas, bow this glowing picture of self- 
aacrlSce and physical danger was des- 
tined to be shattered when in after 
years under the name of missionary I was 
to enter the cars and, at a rate of only 

about twenty miles an hour to be sure, be 
laken off into the country for a Sunday of 
mission work much in the same way as £ 
had been accustomed in Newton to leave 
the Seminary for a Sunday supply. 

There were a few dlfTerences. however, 
and of these i will speak, though warning 
tbe reader that the worst danger from wild 
beasts was tbe annoyance of tbe rats in tbe 
native hotel— It was too cold for the fleas— 
and the chief discomfort arose from the 
failure of my baegaKe to turn up, thus 
necessitating the doing without the usual 
articles taken with one for a couple of 
nl).'hta away from home. 

We left Yokohama at nine o'clock In the 
morning and with (he slow trains and the 
waiting at three stations where we changed 
cars we reached the last station, about 
elgbty-flve miles away, a little before three 


A Day at Makabe. 


o'clock. The usual delay and bantering 
with the Jinriksha men finally resulted in a 
bargain with them to take us to Makabe, 
ten miles further on, for thirty sen each or 
about fifteen cents. The fields were alive with 
workers as we passed along. Here a farmer 
and his wife were busy cutting with care 
the golden rice, there in a farmyard were a 
group of women and girls separating the 
heads of rice from the straw by striking the 
stalks against a row of iron teeth like a big 
comb and pulling the straw towards them, 
when the heads fell to the ground. In 
another field the rice had been taken away 
and the ground was being prepared fo'r the 
next crop, while here and there were to be 
seen heavily-laden men and horses almost 
hidden under the load of rice straw which 
they were bearing to the little shelter that 
they called their home. 

About sunset we reach the town of 
Makabe and are taken to the inn of the 
city. For three years an evangelist has 
been sent to this place to work in the sum- 
mer during the vacation of the Theological 
Seminary. Miss Kidder has also sent one 
of' her Bible women to work among the 
women and children for some months. 
There have been occasional visits of the 
missionary, and Miss Whitman has been 
here several times for a stay of a week to 
teach the people the Way of Life. The 
different workers have been well received 
and from the beginning there has been 
some encoiu*agement. In May the first 
fruits wore gathered in the baptism of four, 
three women and one young man, and the 
present visit is made because of the report 
of there being more who wish for baptism. 

On Sunday morning we gather in the lit- 
tle native house where the meetings are 
usually held to examine the candidates for 
baptism. The house has been for many 
years the home of priests and as we enter 
the yard there is to be seen the little temple 
where worship has so many times been 
carried on by the deceased husband of the 
present occupant, who with her daughter 
were among the first to receive baptism in 
May. Thus this house, which for so many 
years has been the home of priests and the 
scene of the worship of false gods, is now 

the first of all the houses in Makabe to be- 
come a Christian home and is the preaching 
place of the little band of believers. The 
old god-shelf is filled with other objects, and 
the hymn books and Testaments lying 
around make it seem very unsuggestive of 

Five candidates presented themselves for 
examination. One is an official in the em- 
ploy of the government and had become a 
friend of the preacher during the past aam- 
mer and had been led to accept the Gospel 
through his teaching. He is a young man» 
and on his decision to follow Christ had 
broken with companions who were living 
fast lives. He had just secured a fine limp- 
covered Bible which was the envy of all the 
other believers. His examination wa& 
simple and straightforward. Another was 
a young farmer who had been led into the 
light by his relative who was the young 
man baptized in May. That young ma» 
had shown great earnestness in his Chris- 
tian life and it was said that he had 
changed remarkably since becoming a 
Christian. His farmer cousin had been 
much impressed by the change and had 
begun to investigate with the result that he 
had become a believer too. The third man 
had walked in ten miles across the country 
that morning in order to receive baptism. 
He lives in the little village of Oguri where 
three years before a young man in poor 
health had spent a few months preaching 
some and living a Christian life before the 
people. At that time two were baptized and 
this man was much interested but could not 
decide to acknowledge Christ publicly. For 
two years no work has been done there, but 
this summer the same young man, now a 
Theological student, was sent to visit Ogurt 
and see if any of the seed sown had taken 
root. This man was found strong in hia 
faith in Christ He had been reading the 
Bible much since the young man had left 
three years before and wished to be bap- 
tized and unite with the church. A visit tc 
Oguri being difficult he came across the 
coimtry to Makabe to be baptized there. 
He was especially strong in his determina- 
tion to do all in his power to lead his family 
to Christ and to hold up the truth before his 


A Day at Makabe, 


neighbors. The other two were grand- 
danghters of the woman in whose house 
we met. One a young woman recently 
married and her younger sister of about 
fourteen. Their faith seemed clear and 
strong. The older one expressed her deter- 
mination to do all she could to lead her hus- 
band to Christ and to maintain a Christian 
influence in her home while the younger 
realized the opposition that she was likely 
to meet from her young friends and their 
sneers and laughter, but seemed determined 
to meet them in such a way as to recom- 
mend Christianity to them. 

In the afternoon we went out to a little 
river half a mile from the town where the 
solemn ordinance of baptism was quietly 
administered. Here and there over tho 
plain were the busy farmers. Along tho 
road were passing the loads of freight 
drawn by coolies. There was nothing in 
the surroundings to mark it as the holy 
Sabbath, but we could not refrain from the 
prayer that this baptismal scene which was 
the first that had ever taken place in this 
stream, might be so many times repeated 
here that the marks of Sabbath desecration 
might pass away, the temples whose distant 
bells we heard ringing might be forgotten, 
and this country town and all the sur- 
rounding country become Christian. Was 
it too much to ask? Did it try our faith to 
think of such a thing and to look at this 
little band as the nucleus from which sueli 
a grand work was to spring? 

There had gone out with us to the river- 
«ide two others beside the candidates for 
baptism and these now returned with us to 
the hotel for conversation. One had re- 
ceived a Testament many years ago. He 
had read it often and had soon after be- 
ginning to read it given up the worship of 
idols. He saw the uselessness of that, but 
he had not come to understand the Way of 
Life till the coming of the evangelist to tho 
town had enabled him to hear the truth ox- 
plained. He had from tho tlrst been regular 
in attendance at the meetings and sympa- 
thized in the work. He was ready to meet 
any opposition on accoimt of his association 
with the Christians, but had not been ready 
to unite with the Church. What was the 

reason? He is a merchant and deals in 
tobacco and he does not believe that this 
business is proper for a Christian. Al- 
though almost everyone in Japan uses to- 
bacco, men, women, and children, yet he has 
decided not only that a Christian should not 
use it, but, a little in advance of some of 
his American brethren, he believes that a 
Christian man should not sell it. He is 
arranging to dispose of his business and as 
soon as he has done so wishes to be bap- 
tized, but does not wish to set the example 
of a Christian selling tobacco before his 
friends and neighbors. The people here da 
not yet understand very well about Chris- 
tianity, he says, and he does not want them 
to get a false impression. He hopes by the 
time tho missionary next visits the place he 
will have done with the business and can 
unite openly with the church, but till then 
he will try to lead his friends to investigate 
(Christianity and will tell to others as he is 
able how important he regards this teach- 
ing to be. Accordingly he has with him to- 
day a friend who has come in about five 
miles at his request to learn what he can 
from us. Tracts have been read and a little 
light has been received. A very profitable 
conversation takes place at the hotel where 
many questions are answered and much 
truth is broken up very fine for this genuine 
inquij-or. May he soon find the way! 

In the evening we gather for the observ- 
ance of the Ix)rd*s Supper. All are seated 
on the floor in a circle around the room. 
The missionary first welcomes to church 
fellowship those who had been baptized in 
the afternoon,— not by the right hand of 
fellowship, for in the .opinion of the mis- 
sionary that would mean but very little to 
a people who never shake hands and to 
whom the warm grasp of the hand means 
nothing beyond a curious foreign custom. 
Wo. tliorof ore, are seated on the mats facing 
oaoh other and after a profound bow, a few 
(»arnest words of personal counsel and wel- 
come are spoken to each one in turn and 
followed by tho deep bow so natural to this 
people. Then from tlie little Japanese table 
scarcely a foot high the emblems are passed 
after earnest i>rayor by tho evangelist and 
a few words ns to the meaning of the oral- 


Religious Outlook in Japan. 


nance and the blessing that it should bring 
to us. Think you that the blessing was any 
the less because the bread was passed in a 
common earthenware plate, or the wine in 
an ordinary glass? It was a precious sea- 
son and we all felt that the Lord was there. 
The next morning we rose from our bed 
of futons early to eat a hasty breakfast and 
be wheeled away across the country to 
catch the early train ba^k to our duties in 
Yokohama. As we passed along the streets 
of the town before many of the inhabitants 
were astir and as the morning sun was just 
beginning to dawn we saw here and there 

some old and gray-headed man who had Just 
arisen from his bed oflfering his morning 
prayer to the sun and other gods of earth 
and sky as the first service of the new day. 
How we yearned for the time to stop and 
teach them of the true God in whom a few 
of their townspeople have already found 
peace in believing and who alone could 
hear and answer their prayers. The 
laborers are few, however, and we must 
hasten back to other tasks and meanwhile 
many of these aged ones will doubtless live 
and die and never know of him who died to 



THE question of self support on the part 
of the Japanese churches has never 
been lost sight of, either by the churches or 
by the missionaries. There has been at 
times some sharp difference of opinion as to 
the prominence which should be given to 
the subject, but there are few mission fields 
where, on the whole, so advanced a posi- 
tion has been taken. For two or three 
years past, however, it has been evident 
that the time was drawing near when the 
Kumi-ai churches, certainly, should take a 
long step forward in the direction of finan- 
cial independence. Both the Japanese 
Christians and the missionaries agree in 
this conviction, and yet the churches have 
felt very keenly the prevailing financial 
depression, and have had no small diffi- 
culty in raising the money for local needs! 
Attention has been diverted from the 
churches by the recent political changes, 
and the attendance on the Sabbath services 
has suffered sadly all over the land. Still 
the desire for Independence has been 

The causes of this growth have been va- 
rious. First of all must be placed the rapid 
development of the national consciousness, 
and especially to the events of the past 
year resulting in the admission of Japan to 
an unlooked-for position in the family of 
nations. With the new consciousness of 
*»trength there has arisen a dread of foreign 

interference so intense that the ordinary 
methods of cooperation have become a fer- 
tile source of irritation. Happily the ques- 
tions at issue were rarely personal, so that 
the relations of the missionaries to their 
Japanese associates have, with few exeep- 
tions, remained unimpaired. 

The second great cause of the movement 
toward independence is to be found in the 
extreme liberalism of a number of the lead- 
ing Japanese pastors and teachers. They 
have felt that the missionaries were unduly 
conservative in tlieir theological opinions— 
not at all abreast with the best scholarship 
of America, not to say Germany— and that 
cooperation with the mission must involve 
large sacrifice of their convictions. These 
leading men have felt, some of them very 
strongly, that in spite of confessed disad- 
vantages Japanese scholars possess, on the 
whole, a very great advantage in the study 
of Christian theology, in that they bring to 
their task minds free from the prejudice 
growing out of Christian traditions, and 
hence that they have important contribu- 
tions to make to Christian theology. They 
feel that to yield to the missionaries so 
large a place as they have hitherto held in 
guiding the development of Christian 
thought in Japan w<iuld be to shirk a re- 
sponsibility which Providence has assigned 
to them— a loss not merely to Japan but to 
the world. Liberalism as now current in 


] £m 

1 seems ta take its start froiu Rltach- 
n, or, to speak more specifically, from 
Katun's "Die Wahrbelt der Ctarlst- 
. Religion." It is, however, mucli mod- 
>y tlie peculiar attitude of the Japan- 

er». aft 

ellmlDatCB from his definition of Uod all 
tbat we of tlie West prize In the idea of 
personality. A Japanese friend, well read 
In English tlieoto^j, describes this new lib- 
emllsm us not Chrlstlaaity at all, but 


Ind. the product of their Confucian 
IK- There is. In tbe case of some at 
B strongly pantheistic cast to the new 
ee, which lenves little room for a per- 
God. and no room at all for an ob- 
^ revelation. One recent writer. 
I) still clinging to the name of tbeist, 

simply tbe Confncianism of olden tlme^. 

So far as can be Judged by tbeir preaching. 
most of the pastors and evaagelfsls are 
wltbln the limits of a reasonable orthodoxy, 
but with almost perfect unanimity tbey 
stand for freedom of thought. 


Prof. E. W. Clement. 

Tokyo. Not. (, ISM. 
Baptist Academr. — In tlie first place 
glad that the Bchool hns even so small 
ome SB 500 yea a year, and 1 hope that 



lally. Npxt plense 

we have been able to 
ically as far as faculty was con- 
(kerned. This was due to the fui-t that the 
number of students is comparatively small, 
and they could be conveniently and satisfac- 
torily arranged in a small number of classes. 




If you compare the amount received from the 
chickens and the garden for eggs and vege- 
tables, with the expense of taking care of the 
chickens and the garden, as represented in the 
item of '^current'* expenses you will see a loss 
of about 25 yen (I am, of course, taking no 
account of capital invested, because we have 
the chickens as assets with no liabilities)! 
But this loss of 25 yen represents the net loss 
on one boy all the year, and two boys part of 
the year. I don't consider that a very ex- 
pensive manner of educating a boy or two, do 
jou? I hope, however, that another year this 
work will attain more nearly to complete self- 
support; but I also know that there are many 
risks to encounter. 

You will also observe that, after making 
allowance for tuition-fees, the boarding de- 
partment is practically self-supporting. I am 
holding as strictly as possible to that import- 
ant principle. 

Finally, please take notice that we have 
been able to save over 300 yen on the appro- 
priation. This is not much; but, at this 
-crisis in the financial affairs of the Missionary 
Union, I presume that "every little helps." I 
must acknowledge that I take a sort of child- 
like delight in having been able to effect the 
saving; and I must ask that the Executive 
■Committee will kindly cancel this amount, as 
I have already put it to the credit of the 
Union on the account for the current year. I 
don't know that we shall ever be so fortunate 
again; but I shall always strive to manage 
the school in as economical a way as will not 
injure the eflSciency of our work. 

Bev. John L. Dearing. 

Yokohama, Oct. 7, 1896. 
The Seminary has opened with the 
teacfiers all in place, but with a small number 
of students. This seems to be an off year 
everywhere in Japan. The floods and general 
disasters that the country has suffered, as 
well as the hard times which we are ex- 
periencing, doubtless has something to do with 
it. I am opposed to seeking students for the 
seminary as I would for any other school. I 
want men called of God and not those who 
are called of men alone. I do not think that 
we shall have more than three new men in the 
■entering class. We have also had the great 

sorrow of expelling one man, who has been 
with us for three years and would have grad- 
uated next spring, for adultery during the 
summer while employed in evangelistic work. 
It is hard to lose men in this way, but per- 
haps the lesson as to the purity of the min- 
istry will not be lost The students vigor* 
ously supported me in the action that had to 
be taken. The men have come back with a 
spirit of deep earnestness, and the reports of 
the evangelistic work of the summer is good. 
On the whole good work has been done. The 
evangelistic spirit is growing. 

Mtich evangelistic work has been done 
by the teachers of the school during the sum- 
mer. I say this with the thought that there 
may be some who may be inclined to criticise 
the employment of so many missionaries in 
the work of the seminary. Mr. O. K. Har- 
rington's three months in evangelistic tours, 
Mr. Parshley's four months in the Hokkaido 
in evangelistic work, Mr. Bennett's tours to 
Liu Chiu and to Formosa and his work in the 
relief of the sufferers by the Seismic wave in 
the north, as well as his weekly visits to 
some of the out-stations around Yokohama, 
should all be remembered in making an esti- 
mate of the work. 

The gp:eat reduction that the Board found 
it necessary to make in the seminary over 
what I received last year and what I asked 
for this year, will make it impossible for us to 
have a course of lectures by any prominent 
Japanese this year. I have asked Mr. F. G. 
Harrington to give us a course that he pre- 
pared some years ago when he was teaching 
in the school. It was a series of lectures on 
Old Testament Antiquities, and intended to 
establish the truth of the Old Testament in 
the light of recent discoveries and to deepen 
the faith in the Old Testament as the word of 
God— a work needed at this time when so 
much is said to t discredit the Book. These 
lectures he now has, and it seemed to me that 
if he could give them without interrupting his 
other work it would be of value to the school 
to have the benefit of them. 

Two tours in the interests of the country 
work under my care were made during the 
summer. Several were baptized, and there 
are now several who are awaiting baptism as 




■a result of work done by the students during 
the summer. I um sorry to say, however, 
that the work as a whole is deteriorating. I 
cannot express my sorrow at seeing it losing 
ground in so many ways. There is great 
need of some one to take charge of it and give 
it his constant attention. Faithful work 
would, I am sure, bring large results. Evan- 
gelistic work in the city of Yokohama is very 
encouraging. My helpers here have shown 
good results for their work this summer, and 
the students are taking hold of the work well 
this fall and I hope for results this year. 1 
find that they are better students if they are 
good workers in. evangelistic work at the 
same time. 

Rev. W. B. Parshley. 

Yokohama, Sept. 22, 1896. 

Work in Yokohaxna. — When I entered 
the seminary I decided that I would still do 
evangelistic work to the extent of opportunity 
and ability; but as I had no field in or near 
Yokohama, it was some little time before 1 
did anything independently. However I se- 
cured a preaching place in the heart of the 
town and was enabled to hold two services a 
week in connection with a student from the 
seminary. Our work was confined to preach- 
ing and tract distribution, as neither the stu> 
dent nor myself had time for visitation. We 
had to give up the work when vacation came, 
but the congregations were so large and so 
orderly that I am going to hire a house for all 
the time and organize a permanent mission in 
that vicinity. My intention is to have meet- 
ings at least three times a week, besides a 
Sunday school and a woman's meeting. In 
addition to this I expect Mrs. Farshley and 
Mrs. Carpenter will be able to do a great 
deal in house to house work. Of course this 
is future, but I expect to put the work in 
operation by next month. 

Work in Hokkaido. — We started north 
the latter part of May, but on account of bad 
weather were not able to reach Memuro until 
June 14. The work in Nemuro was in a dis- 
appointing .condition. A year previously our 
native preacher had left, and since the fire 
the church had been without missionaries and 
without a place of meeting. But our faithful 
deacon, Koike San, had held services regu- 

larly in his own house and himself had grown 
in Christian strength. The new church had 
been erected, and as we took another native 
preacher up with us, regular work soon be- 
gan. In connection with the dedication we 
had continuous meetings every night for two 
weeks, the first being preaching services, the 
second magic lantern lectures on the life of 
Christ. Congregations were very large, but 
as the previous winter had been a period of 
disorganization I found only two candidates 
for baptism, and only one actually received • 
the ordinance. However the church has got 
together again, and as Amano San, the new 
preacher, is an earnest man, we expect God 
will bless his labors. 

At Shibetsu, about thirty-seven miles from 
Nemuro, we have our second church, organ- 
ized last autumn. Here we have no paid 
evangelist, but the work is under the leader- 
ship of a very faithful layman who is worth 
more than the average preacher. I spent 
several days with the brethren there and 
administered baptism to three adults. The 
work in Shibetsu is in a very promising state. 

It was my intention to start to the extreme 
north on August 4, but on account of the 
fog I didn't sail until the 15th, reaching 
Wakkanai, our station, on the 20th. At this 
place we have had an evangelist for three 
years, but have had no baptisms until this 
year. I found three candidates who passed 
the examination satisfactorily, but at the time 
of administration unforeseen hindrances pre« 
vented one from coming, so that only two re- 
ceived the ordinance. I am in hopes that 
these will be the beginning of a more rapid 

Rev. E. H. Jones. 

Sbnuai, July 18, 1896. 

A Gospel Wagon. — My recent accident 
impressed upon me more than ever the great 
advantage that would come from a sort of a 
gospel wagon for my work. When I 
went out last, I could get a Jinriksha only for 
a few miles of the way. The rest of the way 
I had to depend upon a Japanese pack horse, 
a most trying way of traveling. Even in that 
case I had to take a young, unused horse, be- 
cause all the horses were Working in the 
fields. If I had my own horse and wagon I 
would not be delayed by the lack of convey- 




ance nor have to spend my time and streiifrth 
walking from place to place. For instance, I 
walked on my last trip about twenty miles. 
Further, the "Riki" men have grown so in 
cupidity that it means a row every time to 
get them down to anything like a retiHonable 
rate. We foreigners expect to be fleece<l to 
some extent, for it is the custom in all these 
eastern countries to squeeze all that can be 
had out of those supi)080(l to have monej'. but 
when after a good deal of dickering that ill 
become us as mcsst^ngcrs of the One who did 
not "strive** or "lift up his voice** we pet the 
price down to double what others pay, we go 
on with a feeling of regret, both at having to 
antagonize the "Riki" men and to pay even 
more than we ought to pay. Then we for- 
eigners are all said to be rich, and the cuHtom 
among rich men among the natives is to have 
no care about money. They submit to any 
extortion rather than be thought mean enough 
to care about saving their nion<»y. 1 want 
about 150 gold (about }?.'J00 Mexican) to get a 
horse and wagon. (*an 1 get some one to 
make me a special object of their missionary 
enthusiasm^ I would be able to roach a 
great many smaller places on my way to my 
principal fields if I had such a conveyance, 
and carry Bibles, tracts, etc., for sale or dis- 
tribution which I cannot now take because of 
difficulty of transportation. 

Bev. S. W. Hamblen. 

Sendai, Ort. 8, 1896. 

In Morioka a different atmosphere pre- 
vails, though even here I would so like to see 
more effort put forth by the believers for un- 
believers. Here, too, the evangelist is work- 
ing earnestly. His work seems to lie among 
the young men in the school, quite a number 
of whom come regularly to the meetings and 
to his hou«e for instruction regarding Chris- 
tianity. One of them I was permitted to bap- 
tize, seemingly a promising young man. 
Morioka, like Hachinohei, is a conservative 
place, and the people are very slow to look to 
Christianity with anything but aversion and 
opi)08ition. It thus happens that the work of 
all the Morioka churches advances but 

While I was in Hachinohei the Morioka 
evangelist went to Tono. We have had some 

work here off and on for aevera] jeui, ml 
now the evangelist aaya a few wish bapttliBi 
and are prepared for it in his estimAtioiL A 
Greek Church evangelist there tries to secon 
them for his own church, bat thej sealouly 
study the Scriptures to see whether then 
things are so. I had planned for the Morioka 
evangelist and one of our young men to spend 
ilie summer in Tono, but my plans were OTcr- 
ruhnl by the Master of the yinejard, for the 
tidal wave came and the men were needed 
in the distribution of aid sent the snfferenk 
I wa.s much disappointed, but God knows best 

Prof. Henry Topping^. 

T(»KTo, Sept. 1, isea. 

No discouragements have appeared in my 
work during the last quarter, nor in fut 
many incidents that call for notice. We can 
see that (lod is blessing the work and that 
sonii' good is In'ing done. We are persuaded 
that uneventful periods are not necessarily 
unlmi)ortant, and we give thanks for the 
I)r()gre8s we can sih'. 

I record gp:atefully a successful surgical 
operation which has apparently quite freed 
mo from a (iifilculty that had recently begun 
to cause me a daily loss of vigor. The two 
weeks in the hospital wen> so timed that none 
of my duties suffered serious interruption, 
friends kindly carrying my work on as usuaL 
It is a source of power and of confidence to 
know that the best medical skill and the most 
.scientific methods can be called in wheneTtf 
n(>(Mled. Mrs. Topping can also testify to the 
skill of Tokyo physicians. Through too mu^ 
zeal she, and perhaps also myself, have been 
forced to rest a little, but probably we are 
now acclimated, and if so we congratulate 
ourselves upon the small amount of sickness 
incident thereto. 

Bev. C. K. Harrington. 

Yokohama, 8ept. 18, 1896. 

The Theological School closed for the 
summer vacati(m, April 30. As soon after 
that as I could complete my arrangements, on 
^lay 1(5, I left Yokohama for the Province of 
Shinshu, in which is the field entrusted to my 
care, a part of the plain or valley of Mat- 
sumoto. Mr. Kaji, who had been laboring 
there for some years, had been forced at the 
end of March, to discontinue his work on ac- 
count of sickness, and I took with me as my 




lielper, Mr. Kaneko, a student in the seminary. 
I remained on the field three months, during 
which time we held about seventy meetings of 
Tarious kinds, most of them being evangelistic 
meetings, and the others specially intended 
for the help of the believers. We spent 

several weeks at each of our four stations in 
the valley, and had encouraging attendance 
and attention at our meetings both in town 
and village, indoors and outdoors, and found 
here and there a few who showed more than 
a passing interest. 


obtain easily the names of a dozen men 
who have left the ministry the past two 
years to go into business. I know of 
churches that have dropped all services, 
except, perhaps; one on Sunday evening, 
and many of whose members work nearly 
as hard on Sunday as during the week. All 
the great manufactories rest only twice a 
month, with occasional other holidays. 
Drinking habits are on the increase among 

Per Contra, there are more men In the 
ministry to-day because called of God to 
be there— men who will starve in their 
tracks rather than yield to selfish, sordid 
motives— than ever before. 

Christianity as a fad has bad its day. 
As a foreign religion it is no longer wel- 
come. The call is for a .Tapaneso Chris- 
tianity; and people at large are beginning 
to feel that Christianity is adapted to 
Japan. Christian men of earnest faith and 
marked personality, who are genuinely in* 
terested in annexing New Japan to the 
kingdom of heaven, are welcomed every- 

Inquirers are on the increase, semi- 
Nicodemuses. who exist by the hundred if 
not thousand among thoughtful men in the 
land, are coming out of their retirement. 
I met one such the other day, a disciple a 
quarter of a century ago of Thompson and 
Carruthers, two early Presbyterian mis- 
sionaries. He told me he still kept his 
Bible, and read it when he had leisure. 
There have been more additions to the 
churches the past six months than during 
the previous year. 

As I view it, the greatest hindrance to the 
Japanese church of to-day is, not the loose 
theology of some among her members nor 
the opposition from unbelievers, but the 
conduct of what may be termed the outer 
rim of Christian church*membership. 
Many of these professed disciples have 
denied their Ix)rd and His Gospel by 
flagrant acts of unrighteousness. I can 
think of six places at this moment where it 
seems well-nigh impossible for earnest 
evangelists to get a hearing solely because 
of the disgraceful conduct of professing 

Christians. There was nothing askew about 
their theology, but their lives were fright- 
fully so. I deplore loose thinking on vital 
themes; but loose living is far more disas- 
trous to the faith of common people.— jBw. 
J, H, Pettee of Okayama. 

THE BESTOBATION of the power of 
the Mikado and of Shinto power in 1868 
knocked Buddhism in Japan off its pedestal 
and the hundreds of thousands of priests 
with all their hoarded wealth will never be 
able to set it up as it was before that. 
And the rapid influx of foreign ideas has 
caused Shintoism to fade like a fog bank 
before the rising sun! Let us all pray that 
the great Sun of Righteousness may shine 
brighter and clearer upon the Sun-rise 
Empire (Ni-hou-kokv), until every mist and 
shadow of error shall fade forever, and in- 
stead of the old heathen theocracy (Shinto) 
Jesus be found at the head of the true 
Theocracy, worshiped by the Mikado and 
millions of his people.— JotMif/iafi Ooble. 

JAPAN. — The eighth general meeting of 
the Red Cross Society in Japan was held in 
Tokj'o, last June. Arrangements had been 
made for 10,000 visitors, but the doors had 
to be shut against the overflow. Count 
Sano, the President, announced that the 
society has 300,000 members. 

The Empress was present, and in a few 
words expressed her delight in the part 
played by the society during the war. 

From the Report it appears that 64,445 
war patients, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, 
were cared for under the auspices of the 
society, either among the eleven Reserve 
Hospitals in Japan, or on the field. Only 
about 7,000 of all the patients suffered from 
wounds. The entire staff in active service 
numbered 1,567 persons, of whom two phy- 
sicians and twenty-three nurses, four of 
them women, met death in the discharge of 

Every camp and hospital during the war, 
felt the enthusiasm and example of the 
Empress and her court ladies. Foremost 
among the latter was a graduate of Vassar 
College, the friend of Miss Bacon (author 




of "Japanese Girls"). While in America. 
Miss Stematz Yamalcawa had studied 
the practical methods of training nurses. 
On her return to Japan she became the 
wife of Count Oyama, Minister of War, 
and when at the outbreak of the struggle 
he took the field with the troops, she inter- 
ested herself in the welfare of his soldiers. 
She invited ladies to her house and taught 
them to make carbolized gauzo. 


need it not so much to demolish our idols of 
wood and stone. Those are innocent things 
compared with other idols worshiped in 
Heathendom and elsewhere. We need it 
to make our bad appear worse, and our 
good appear better. It only can convince 
us of sin; and, convincing us of it, can help 
us to rise above it, and conquer it. Hea- 
thenism I always consider as a tepid state 
of human existence,— it is neither very 
warm nor very cold. A lethargic life is a 
weak life. It feels pain less; hence re- 
joices less. De profundis is not of heathen- 
ism. We need Christianity to intensify us; 
to swear fealty to our God. and enmity 
toward devils. Not a butterfly-life, but an 
eagle-life: not the diminutive perfection of 
a pink rose, but the sturdy strength of an 
oak. Heathenism will do for our childhood, 
but Christianity alone for manhood. The 
world is growing, and we with the world. 
Christianity is getting to be a necessity 
with all of us.— From ''Diary of a Japanese 

A PAID MINISTRY is yet a much 
mooted question with us. Our heathen 
teachers used to have no stipulated pay for 
their services. Twice every year, their 
pupils brought to tliom whatever did lie in 
tlie power of each to bring. From ten pieces 
of gold to a bundle of parsnips or carrots, 
were gradations of such "tokens of grati- 
tude," as they were called. They had no 

deacons to poke them to death for churcbi 
dues and pew rents, and other such thingis. 
A teacher was expected to remain as no- 
teacher till he had made enough progress- 
in his spiritual discipline as to be able to- 
rely entirely upon heaven and his fellow- 
men for the support of his body. This they 
considered a most practical method of 
**natural selection," no danger thus of 
being imposed upon with pseudo-teacher» 
and time-servers.— From ''Diary of a JapOr 
nesc Converts 

EXTENT OF JAPAN.— In Yezo, the 
Northern Island, the hilltops are the resort of 
the ptarmigan, identical with the bird of the 
Scottish Highlands; and the pine forests 
below are the home of the hazel hen, so- 
familiar in the Swedish dahls. The great 
Central Island of Nippon (a name strangely 
corrupted into Japan by some of the earlier 
navigators) presents us with the varied 
produce of Northern and Central Europe, 
until in Kiushiu we have all the semi- 
tropical luxuriance of Andalusia and 
Southern Italy, and of even still more 
tropical climes. The traveler amongst the 
Ainu of the north may gather his bouquets 
of the lily of the valley and various Alpine 
acquaintances: whilst the \Vanderer 
amongst the villages of Satsuma in the 
south rests in the orange groves under the 
shade of the palm, lulled by the swish of 
the never-resting banana leaves. But as 
the Hrltisli home possessions extend to the 
Shetlands northwards, and to the Channel 
Islands in tlie south, so the empire of 
Japan in tlie Kurile Islands possesses a 
continuation of insular territory' to almost 
Arctic limits; while in the south the archi- 
pelago of the Liuchiu Islands connected as 
they are with Kiushiu by an imbroken 
chain of islets, and beyond these again the 
Majico Sima group and Formosa, bring the 
island empire well within the tropics. 



MAINE. 1260.09. 

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Woman's Circle, 14.10; Palermo B. Y. P. U., 5; Cal- 
vary Baptist ch.. Including Dennlsville lecture, 13.00; 
Atlantic City ch., 20; Tuckahoe ch., 2.40; Ocean City, 
lecture, 8.76; PleasantvUle ch., 8.42; Sea View ch., 
2.61; RiTerton and Palmyra Y. P. S. for China. 2; 
Atlantic City Y. P. S. C. E., for nat. pr.. care Rev. 
I. S. Hanklos, 9; HIghtstown ch. addl., 1; Trenton, 
Central cb. Y. P. S. C. K., for nat. pr., care Rev. 

W. A. Stanton, 12.50; Cape May Court House B Y. 
P. U., for nat. pr., care Rev. M. C. Mason, 8.37; 
"J. C. S.," for nat pr., care Rev. Jno. Dussman, 18; 
Cape May City ch., 16.00; RIdgewood, Emmanuel S. S., 
13; Paterson 1st ch.. Miss Van Glesen's S. S. class, 
for nat. helpers In China, 6; Morristown 1st ch., 
629.76; E. Orange "First of the Oranges" S. S., 20; 

E. Orange, Prospect-st. ch., 18.23; S. S., 4. 

DELAWARE, |7.80. 
Wilmington, North ch., 7.80. 


Shiloh ch., 1.25; Lower Dublin ch., 15.19; Philadel- 
phia, Gethsemane ch., King's Daughters, for nat. pr., 
care Rev. L. W. Cronkhite ,15; New Tabernacle ch., 
in part. 30.10: Fourth ch.. extra specific for nat. prs., 
care Rev. M. B. Kirkpa trick. 120; Balligomlngo ch., 7; 
Montgomery ch., extra snd specific offering. 36.26; 
Second ch. ladies, for nat. prs., care Rev. D. Downie, 

D. D. and Rev. W. H. Cossum. 8; Messiah S. S., 6, 
.N'arberth, Ch. of the "Evangel (of wh. 100 is fr. Mrs. 
11. S. Hopper, special for Mrs. Ingall's work), 200; 
Xorrlstown 1st ch.. 86; S. S., 10.50; Phoenlxville ch., 
125.05; S. S., 7.38; Parkerford ch.. 4.62: Danville, 
Imruanuel ch.. 2; .McKeesport Ist ch.. 38.47; S. S., 
«.74; Flfth-ave. ch.. 17.17: Washington oh. in part, 
20; Mahanoy City ch., 5; Bethlehem Y. P. Soc., for 
nat. student, care Rev. W. F. Thomas. Burma, 11; 
PIttston. Luzerne-ave. ch. ladles, for nat. pr. "Ting," 
oare Rev. W. H. Cossum. 15; do, Y. P. S. ''. E., for 
nat. pr. care Rev. C. H. D. Fisher, 18.75: North East 
oh.. 4.65; B. Y. P. U., 5; Chester Ist oh.. 22.90; S. S., 
15; Philadelphia. Mrs. G. M. Couarroe, 10: Mrs. A. T. 
Ambler, 100. 


Washington, "In Ills Name," 10; Anacostia ch. 10; 
Washington E-st. ch. in part, 28.56. 

WEST VIRGINIA, $20.a«*. 

Central City ch., 2; Harmony Asso.. F. F. Daniel of 
Luclle. 2; Two Run, F. M. League. 1.83: Mt. Olivet, 

F. M. League. 1.30; Charlestown Ist ch.. 3.55; Leott 
ch., -8; S. S., 2. 

OHIO, $813.84. 

Dayton, Mr. E<lward Canby and W. D. Chamber! in, 
tow. salary of Rev. 1. E. Munger and wife. 40O; Perry 
Y. P. S. C. E.. 8.25; Wyoming Y. P. S. C. E., 5: Blue- 
hill. Mary A. Smith. 10; Euclid ch.. 3.50; S. S., 11.20; 
Sugar Creek ch., 1.27; Washington C. U. ch.. 3.82; 
Granville, First ch. balance. 1.80; Granville, Herbert 
Archer Clark. 15 (on life membership); Dayton, Cen- 
tral ch.. 21.95; Sidney B. Y. P. U.. 3.64; Tiffin. First 
oh.. 35.97; Pemberton ch., 1.70; Ashland. Mrs. Kllza 
Thompson. 30: Marietta lat ch., 4: Cincinnati, Ninth 
St. oh.. 181,48; Hamilton Ist ch., 15; Canton 1st oh., 
49.56; Canton. Miss Kate E. Harvey. 10; Blue Hook 
ch. 70c. 

INDIANA. $150.10. 

Blue River. 1.55; Mill Creok. 180: New Albany 
Tabernacle. 10; Freedom. 1.15; New Liberty. 1.30; 
Seymour, 36.71; IsdlanaiKiIis, College-ave. oh., 40.85; 
Klmberlln, 1.15; Tea Creek, 1.33; Pleasant Valley. 
G5c.: Fairland. 5.30; Mt. Gilead. 5; Mt. Morhih. 5.47; 
Harmony. 2.90; Pern, 18: Herbert's Creek. 2.8.'.: West- 
port, 14.09. 

ILLINOIS, $404.31. 

Aurora 1st B. Y. P. U.. 5; Downer's Gi-ove oh.. 
15.00; El Paso, Rev. J. F. Howard. 10; Paris Y. P.. 2; 
Auburn Park ch., 8.35; Chicago, Calvary Y. P.. tow. 
sup. Po Sau. care Rev. Wm. Ashmore, Jr.. China. 25; 
Englewood Y. P., tow. sup. nat. pr., care Rev. .1. S. 
Adams, Hankow, China. 50; Woodstock, Mrs. Page, in 
memory of Nellore. for Teluga mission. 1; Carbondale, 

E. Patten, sup. Tel. pr., 6.25; Du Quoin S. S.. 18.50; 
Chillecothe, pastor, tow, sup. pr., care Rev. J. M. 
Foster. China, 5; Toulan ch.. 9.50; S. S.. 6.80; Y. P., 
1.46; Cordova ch., 10.09; De Kalb ch.. 34.60; Roseville 
S. S.. sup. Tel. pr. 12.50: Mt. Vernon Y. P.. 5; De- 
catur Y. P. sup nat. pr. care Rev. J. M. Foster, 
China, 35; Pana ch., 3.00; Chicago. First Swedish 
Woman's Circle, sup. Dukana. care Rev. C. E. Pet- 
rick, Assam, 35; Swedish churches p«m' treasurer, 
100; Chicago, First Danish, a friend. 4. 



[January, 1897. 

IOWA, 1802.80. 

Shenandoab S. S., 0.17; Dei Moines College Stoilonts. 
for sup. of Titus, care Iter. J. E. Cluugh. 6.60; Keoknk 
S. S., tow. sap. Kondlah, care Uer. J. K. Clough, 
India, 60; Epworth B. \. P. U.. for nat. pr. India 
Kolloh, care Rer. Jno. Newconib. 6; Qoasqneton B. Y. 
P. U., for same, 4; Homer, 4.12; Predrlctaslmrg (of 
wb. 2.80 la for Rer. J. 8. Adams. Hankow, China, for 
use at discretion). 12.22; New Hampton for do., 18.20; 
New Hampton, W. Q. Sl'ke, for do.. 0; New Hartford. 
18.76; Parkersborg, 0.00; Rock Creek, 14; West 
Mitchell ch.. 16; B. T. P. D.. 6: Cedar Falls. 66.06; 
West Union. 26.02; Cresco. 16.50; Cresco Jr. B. T. 
P. D., 1.60; Cresco Mlss4on Band, 1.82 Wankon. 19.56; 
Stoart B. Y. P. D.. 1.26; Rolfe. 4.26; Bradgate. 3. 

MICHIGAN, 132.71. 

Macomb, 1; Rochester, 8; Cedar Springs, 1.10; Cli- 
max Y. P. S. (of wh. 1.37 Is from Jr. Union). 3.08; 
Marquette, 7.86; Ludlngton Sw. W. C, 6; Muskegon 
First ch., 6.68. 

MINNESOTA, |97.30. 

Cheney, Mrs. L. M. Garner. 10; Kennyville Y. P. S.. 
6.84; Worthington Sw. B. Y. P. U., 5.30; Mcintosh. 
Chas. Johnson, 10; Kron. Johanna Flink, 3.06; Cam- 
bridge, 1.50; St. Paul. Ist Sw.. 1; Birthday society for 
V. Paul, Bapatla. India. 15; Lake Crystal B. Y. P. U.. 
for Gnrariah. care Rev. G. II. Brock. 12: Big Stone. 
C. Carlson, for nat. pr.. 2.60; Leroy^ Fred Palmerton. 
for use of Rev. J. S. Adams at discretion. - 16;- W. F. 
Goes, for do.. 5; D. F. McNabb. of wh. 5.00 is for 
Johanna Anderson, Toungoo, Burma, 1(T. - 

WISCONSIN, $26.04. 

Mannwa S. S. for Japan, 88c.; New LlMlM)n ch.. 
1.75; Lodl ch. and S. S., 17.31; Spring Prairie ch.. 5; 
Marinette, memorial gift for Esther Carlson work In 
China, 1. • ^ •■ . 

KANSAS, fl08.00. ^ 

Marshall Centre. 1.87; B^e Rapids", 4.62: Marya- 
vllle. 8.32: Havenavllle cbi^. 1.15: Y. P. S., 2l)c., 
Onaga, 5.05; Neodesha ch., 7; Eakridge, 1.^: Rurcka 
ch., 6: Qucnemo ch., 12; lioulsburg ch., 2.0^>: '^tcbi9»n. 
5.87; Kansas City 3d Y. P. S., 4: OaoBe Valley, ID; 
South Concoi-d Association collection. 5.53: Puraona 
First. 7.15; Parsons, colored, 1.55: Kanans City Swe- 
dish Y. P. S., tow. sup. nat. pr., 12.50; Ellsworth ch., 
2.05; Ellsworth. M. N. Perry. 50c. 

NEBRASKA. |50.15. 

Fairbury S. S., 5: Y. P. S., 5: Dlller. 1; Burwell ch.. 
50c.; Burwell. M. J. XorrlH, 27c.: Arnold. 2.54; Candy 
ch.. 1.40; R. C. Way. .%<>c.: Eudell. 2d ch.. 50c.; 
Custer Aaso. Coll.. 4.28: Wabash, 3; Lincoln East. 3.81: 
Tentml City. 11.60; Ilartlngton, 1.85; Tlldcn S. S.. 
1.00: Springfield, 2: Sidney, 2; Bethany, 3. 

COLORADO, 155.07. 

Rocky Mountain Aaso. Coll., 7.77; State Convention 
coll., 10.50; Trinidad S. S.. 4.10: Y. P. S.. 2.70: Cnuoh 
City, 1; La Junta. Mrs. A. Russell, tow. sup. nat. pr, 
John, care Rev. J. Paul, Lakbimpur, Aasam, 25: 
Midland Asso. coll.. 4. 

CALIFORNIA, $142.66. 

Los Angeles. W. S. Chase, 1.50; Oakland Ist ch. 
Y. P. S., 3.50; Oakland. 23d-aTe. ch.. 20; Swede 
Y. P. S.. sup. nat. pr. Shwyze Paul, care of Dr. 
Bunker. 25; Wheatland ch., 5; Azusa ch., 21.56: Los 
Angeles Swede, Rev. A. W. Backlund and W. Werner, 
for sup. nat. pr. Sandoway. care of Rev. E. Griggs, 
12.50; Dixon ch., 9.06; Napa ch.. 1.05; Escondldo rh., 
3.60: Palomar ch.. 2; Armona. R. F. McFee. 2.50; 
Santa Barbara Y. P. S., sup. Rev. W. Wynd. 4; Gon- 
xales ch., 4.66; Y. P. S.. 2.30; King City ch.. 2.90; 
Salimas. Mrs. Johnson's class, for sup. student Ona- 
mura. care of Rev. J. L. Dearing, 13; San Lucas. 3.70; 
Santa Crux 1st ch, 3.06. 

OREGON, $20.22. 

Albany Juniors, for sup. Rev. G. W. Hill, 1.25; Hal- 
sey ch., 60c.; Adams ch., 6; S. S.. 77c.; Grant's Pass 
ch., 60c.; Medford ch.. 10c.; Merlin ch., 10c.; Portland 
1st ch., 2.60; Salem ch.. 1.60; Hood River ch., 7. 

WASHINGTON, |31.21. 
Tacoma 1st ch., 28.01; Bllensbarg ch., 6.20. 


Lake Preston, A. O. Lindner, 6; Aberdeen, for Tee-o, 
care Dr. A. Banker, Toongoo, 17. 


Mt. Zlon, 6; Nebo, W. S. Rogers, 86c.; International 
Convention, 1.61. 

WYOMING^ $1.10. 
Cheyehne cb., 86c.; Cheyenne, colored ch., 76c. 


General Miss. Soc. of German Bap. churches of 
North America, for the Cameroon mission, by J. A. 
Schultze. Texas, 367.60. 

ASSAM, $100. 
Tura, a friend of missions, for the debt, 100. 

INDIA, $60. 
Ramapatam, Rev. J.' Heinrichs, for the debt, 60. 

JAPAN, $678.06. 

Osaka, rccd. on the field for mission work of MUs 
M. Walton iter acct. Sept. 80, 1806. 6.86 Mex.^s.lO; 
Yokohama, reed, on the field by Miss C. A. Converse 
per aCct. 05-6, 196.18 Mex.»106.43; Kobe, Rev. H. H. 
Rheei^, fur mission work per acct. Sept. 30, 1806, 
764.40 Mex.«=470.37. 

SPAIN. $7.82. 
Barcelona ch. per acct , Rev. M. C. Marin, Sept. 30, 
IHOih Rs. 192.04=7.82. 



' Concord, N. H., \\n. B. Steam:*, $877.36 
SomerviUe, Mass.. Nathaniel L. Day- 
ton. 300.00 
-■ li^Hith bridge. Mass.. Jobn Edwai-ds, 27.00 
Newburyport, Mt>ss estate Mary EI- 

well, 27.00 

Providence. R. I., inc. Henrj 

Jackson fund. 23.44 

Jamestown. N. Y.. Mrs. Cynthia R. 

Crissey. 600.00 

Brooklyn. N. Y., Horace Waters, 973.87 

Holly, N. Y.. James G. Wilson, 39.60 

Plainlield. 111.. D. D. Greene, 200.00 


Donations and Legacies from April 1, 1896. 

• to November 1. 1806, $88,630.79 

Donations and Legacies from April 1, 1896, 

to December 1. 1896. $102,922.17 

Donations receive<l to December 1. 1896, $73,202.86. 
Maine. $1,407.15: New Hampshire. $602.65; Vei^ 
mont, $778.38; Massachunets, $9,708.17; Rhode Island, 
$1,504.03; Connecticut. $1,956.86; New York. $14,- 
881.71; New Jeraey, $3,759.71; Pennsylvania, $7,629.02; 
Delaware, $36.89; District of Columbia. $736.86; 
Maryland. $28; Virginia, $3.50; West Virginia, $1.- 
055.82; Ohio, $6,223.59; Indiana. $1,329.09; Illinois. 
$8,038.33; Iowa. $1,013.19; Michigan, $1,161.68; 
Minnesota. $1,090.08; Wisconsin. $1,437.31; Mlssomrl. 
$709.70; Kansas. $991.97. Nebraska. $528.26; Colo- 
rado. $251.55; California. $920.61; Oregon, $228.04; 
North Dakota. $63.60; South Dakota. $186.02; Wash- 
ington, $377.24; Nevada, $48; Idaho. $21.63; UUb, 
$15.50; Wyoming. $5.30; MonUna. $43.30; Arisona, 
$11.55; South Carolina. $36.24; Kentucky. $2; Tennes- 
see, $10; Louisiana, $6.05; Florida, $10; Alabama, $16; 
British Columbia, $89.06; Indian Territory, $68.81; 
Oklahoma Territory, $45.70; New Mexico, $8; Canada, 
$1; England, $20; Spain. $7.82; Burma, $96.42; Aasam, 
$110; India, $60; Japan. $678.96; Alaska. $8.60; Ml»- 
cellaneous. $2,619.48. 


TO WEW yoTi« 


19 ^i» 


XLhc Baptist 


T is generally known ihat for the last twenty yeare the Baptibt 
Missionary Magazink has been published by Mr. Wendell G. Cor- 
thell, under contract with the American Baptist Missionary Union. 
At the time the contract was made the finances of the Magazine were 
at a low ebb, the accounts showed a deticit each year, and it was 
deemed advisable by the Executive Committee at that time to place 
the management in the hands of a single person whose object il 
might be to promote the interests and extend the circulation of the Maga/.inc 
During these years Mr Corthell has done much for the Magazine in this direction 
improving its general appearance, enlarging its subscription list, and going even be- 
yond the terms of his contract to his personal disadvantage in his efforts for the got 
of the Magazine and the missionary cause. The profits which he has received have 
been in lieu of the salary of a manager, which the Missionary Union would other- 
wise have been obliged to pay. The editing of the Magazine during tliese years 
has been under the control of the Executive Committee of the Missionary Union. 
It has now been thought best by the Executive Committee to resume entire control 
of the publishing as well as the editing of the IVfaga/.ine, and in doing so they freely 
express their cordial satisfaction with the manner in which Mr. Corthell has carried 
out the terms of his contract. It however seems to be for the larger benefit of the 
missionary work that the Magazine should be in all respects under the control of the 
Missionary Union, that its si/.e and price, as well as the literary contents should be 
decided upon by the Union itself. 


For more than fifty years the Baptist Missionary MA<;AiiiNE has been of the 
same size. It has been no larger during the recent years, when the missions have 
b«!6n greatly expanded, than it was when the missions were one-fourth of the 

84 Important Announcements 

present size and importance. For some time the editorial work of the Magazine 
has been carried on with great difficulty because of the limited space in which to 
publish the increased and increasing matter of value and importance which was 
continually coming to hand from the various mission fields. We are rejoiced to 
announce a substantial and important enlargement of the Magazine, which will more 
nearly adapt it to the need of a proper medium for preslenting fully and in an 
interesting way the work of our missions in the more than twenty fields in which 
they are now carried on. 


Although the Magazine is enlarged to forty or more pages and greatly improved 
in many other ways, yet the price for single subscriptions remains the same, $1.00 a 
year. In the hope, however, of very largely increasing its circulation among the 
members of our churches the prices for clubs have been greatly reduced, as follows : 

Te?i copies, or in clubs equal to five per cent of the members of any churchy 
OS cents a year. 

Thirty copies, or iVi clubs eqv<il to ten per cent of the members of any churchy 
SO cents a year, , 

Before the changes were decided upon it was announced that the Magazine would 
be sent to all new subscribers for one year at fifty cents, but this offer will remain 
open only until April 1. All book premium offers are withdrawn. It is the 
purpose, however, of the Executive Committee to reduce the price to fifty cents a 
year as soon as the increased circulation of the Magazine will justify it. Please 
observe that the Baptist Missionary Magazine can now be had by every one for 

Only SO cents a year. 

Just make a little effort in your church and you can get up a club equal to ten 
per cent of the members, which will entitle all your subscribers to the Magazine to 
receive it at this exceeding low price. It will be the effort of the Missionary 
Union to furnish the best Missionary Magazine published in America^ at a very 
low price to clubs. The arrangement of prices according to percentage of members 
in any church gives small churches just as good a chance to get the Magazine for a 
low price as the large churches have. 


To all pastors on the home field of the Missionary Union for the months of 
February and March. We want all the pastors of our churches to become 
acquainted with the Baptist Missionary Magazine in its present enlarged and 
beautified form and to become acquainted with the exceedingly low rates at which 
it is offered for large cii*culation in our churches. We urge all pastors who receive 
these copies of the Magazine to exert themselves actively and earnestly to get up a 
club equal to ten per cent of the church membership at the price of fifty cents a 
year for each subscription. If the pastor is too busy to undertake this please 
appoint some one to do it for you. The work will not be hard. There are 

Important Announcements 85 

thousands of people in our churches who will he glad to get such a fine misssionary 
magazine for such a low price. 

As the Missionary Union has resumed control of the Magazine we want at once 
a general movement all along the line to douhle or treble its circulation in our 
churches. Let all take hold with a will, pastors and people, to meet the efforts of 
the Union, and this movement for the enlargement of the Baptist Missionary 
Magaztnis in size, in interest and in circulation will be a grand success. 


THE treasury of the Missionary Union on January first shows receipts since 
April 1, 1896, of $143,657.60. This is a faUing off of $71,646.80 from last 
year, but the falling off is wholly in legacies. There have been none of large 
amounts this year, and the donations in fact show an increase over last year. This 
is encouraging, and the increase should be kept up and enlarged to the close of the 
year, March 31. The total appropriations of the year, including the debt of last 
year, are $622,773.03, and there is $479,135.43 to be raised before March 31, m 
order to close the year without debt. The estimated receipts for these three months, 
on the basis of last year, are $202,892.91, which would leave a debt of $276,242.52 
on April 1, 1897, if the receipts are no larger than last year. Our hope and ex- 
pectation is that the donations from the churches and individual givers will be much 
larger than last year; but there is urgent need of quick and earnest efforts in order 
to avoid a debt which would be crushing in its effects upon the missions. There are 
already some movements looking towards the payment of the debts of the Missionary 
Union and the Home Mission Society. One very large giver, in sending a check 
for a generous amount, says that if there is any disposition on the part of the people 
to pay the debts of the two societies he will be happy to send another remittance. 
This means a great deal if the people will only arise and take advantage of the offer. 
Only two months of the financial year remain, however. The treasury closes on 
March 31, and, exclusive of the debt last year, there is $315,307.80 needed to pay 
the current expenses of the year. We strongly urge the pastors and leaders in our 
churches to take immediate and vigorous measures to raise at least this amount, so 
that from the general receipts the expenses of the year may be covered. If this is 
done it may be possible to make other arrangements to clear off the debt. As you 
wish to see your Redeemer's Kingdom triumph on the earth act at once. 

THE TREASURER of the Missionary Union requests all missionaries to send their 
orders for periodicals to the offices of publication, directing that bills for the 
same be sent to E. P. Coleman, Treasurer, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. At the 
same time the missionaries ordering periodicals, as in the case of other orders, 
should notify the Treasurer to pay such bills when presented. 

A BLESSING IN DISGUISE The Executives of the Missionary Union would have 
hesitated to make the large retrenchments of recent years if they had not been 
compelled by the lack of funds. Many of these retrenchments have been dis- 
tressing and have crippled the missionary work, particularly in the failure to send 
out missionaries to fill vacancies where the services of an American are greatly 
needed. The retrenchment, however, has brought to light another fact, which in 
some measure offsets the distress occasioned by the reduction. A number of the 
missionaries have written, expressing their thankfulness that their appropriations 
for work have been cut down, and that they have been compelled to tell the 
native Christians that they had no funds from America to provide for the support of 
their churches. There has been brought to light in this most unexpected way a 
reserve of manlhicss, self-reliance and ability of self-support which has surprised the 
missionaries themselves. In response to the appeals of the missionary to provide 
for that which could not longer be supported by American funds, the native Chris- 
tians have in many cases risen nobly to the emergencies of the situation. Scores of 
native churches have voluntarily assumed the support of their pastors and all their 
religious worship, and have developed unexpected strength in the midst of the pov- 
erty in which most of them live. The depths of their poverty have abounded unto 
Ihe riches of their liberality. The ideal in the establishment of Christianity in any 
land is self-support 'and self-reliance ; and through the trials which have come 
upon the Christians by the financial distress of the Missionary Union, this grace of 
liberality and self-dependence has been developed in many places like shafts of 
sunlight piercing the heavy clouds of financial distress. 

BETWEEN BURMA AND ASSAM. — Very quietly and almost unnoticed an advance 
movement has been made to the south in the missions in Assam. I^rom the 
earliest days of Baptist missions in this country it has been a favorite theme to talk 
of the time when a connection should be established between the missions in Assam 
and those in Burma. Hitherto this has been nothing but a dream. At last there 
comes a promise of realization. Hev. William Pettigrew, formerly of the Abo- 
rigines Mission of Assam, has now become a missionary of the Union and still remains 
in his field at Manipur in southern Assam. The Union could not furnish funds for 
a proper house, but he has built a little house in native style which will serve him 
for several years, and there he and his wife will live and carrj' on missionary work 
in the name of Christ. It is through this district that the railway between Assam 
and Burma will run ; and so we may consider that at least one of the chain of stations 
is established which will at last bring into close relations our Baptist missions in 
Burma and Assam. 

Mditorial Notes 87 

A STRONG POINT was made by Hon. Moses GiddiDgs of Bangor, Maine, in his ad- 
dress at the Boston Baptist Conference on Systematic Beneficence. As a busi- 
ness man, he stated that odr missionary societies are the peers of any business insti- 
tation in financial management and that there is no question but what the work 
of all these societies has been eminently successful. The stock of every successful 
business corporation is always above par, and any prosperous business enterprise 
has no .difficulty in obtaining all the money it needs. But our successful and well- 
managed missionary societies are in debt and have not the funds necessary to carry 
on their operations. Mr. Giddings very pertinently inquired why this should be so. 
Among other reasons, which he gave in explanation of this fact, was that the 
monthly concert of prayer for missions has largely fallen into disuse. In the early 
days of our missions interest in them was almost universal throughout the churches, 
and the monthly concert of prayer was very generally observed. Of late years it 
has been crowded out by other services, and only a comparatively small number of 
the churches still maintain every month this prayer service in the interest of our 
missionary cause. Mr. Giddings was undoubtedly correct in pronouncing this one 
of the chief causes of the lack of interest in missions and the lack of funds for the 
work at home and abroad. The fact that the missionary cause has largely lost 
its hold upon the prayers of the people is the most deplorable and the most 
pregnant cause of the lack of interest and giving for missions on the part of 
Christian people. 

THE SUBJECT OF TITHES and the exact relation which the tithes required of the 
Hebrew people in Old Testament times bear to the question of Christian stew- 
ardship is one of perennial interest. As we look at the general requirements of the Old 
Testament upon the chosen people, we find that they were simply the germs of claims 
which God was to make upon the spiritual Israel who were to come. All the forms 
and ceremonies and requirements of the Hebrew ritual are simply suggestive of what 
is expected of the disciples of Jesus. These forms and ceremonies are universally 
recognized as having been superseded by the higher, more spiritual, enlarged and 
voluntary service and sacrifices required of Christians. Is this not true of the tithes 
also ? In view of the circumstances there can be no question but what the propor- 
tion of a tenth of the income for the service of God was but an elementary idea, and 
like the sacrifices of the Jewish ritual was ordained for a rude, ignorant and spiritu- 
ally uncultured people. There can be hardly a question but what the tenth of the 
income is the very least which even the most ignorant Christian could be expected 
to devote to the service of God. But to make this a standard for Christian people 
is no more reasonable than to claim that the disciples of Christ should offer burnt 
offerings and lay their sins on the head of a scapegoat. The tithe is only a sugges- 
tion. The tenth of the income, as an offering to God, is simply elementary. The 
giving which God requires of Ilis people in these days of larger spiritual light and 
advanced Christian life should be as far in advance of the tithes as the world-wide 
service of the Christian church is in advance of the sacrifices and offerings of the 
Temple at Jerusalem. We are not under the law but under grace. 

38 Editoricd Notes 

A SIGNIFICANT QUESTION was asked Dr. Hovey at the Boston Conference on Sys- 
tematic Beneficence. One pastor stated that as he was urging the giving of 
at least a tenth, some one, who had been making som)e calculations on the sub- 
ject and was astounded at the immense sum which would thus flow into the Lord's 
treasury, came to him and asked what would be done with all the money if every 
Christian should conform to the Christian duty of giving one tenth of his income. 
The very fact that such a question could be asked is a lamentable confession of 
ignorance among many Christians as to what might be done for the extension of 
Christ's kingdom in all the earth. There is a too general indifference on this sub- 
ject, and perhaps the idea too largely prevails that the work of the conversion of 
the world to Christ has largely been done. If, however, we look at the state of 
religion in our own land and in other Christian lands in the countries of Europe and 
Asia which are under the sway of the dead and formal State Church, and if we look 
at the opportunities for evangelistic work for Christ in the heathen lands of Asia 
and Africa and the Islands of the sea, there can hardly be a question as to what 
could be done with the money, even if every Christian should pour into the treasury 
of the Lord the tithes and offerings which they have withheld. If God has required 
a service He will provide ample opportunities for its accomplishment. 

MODERN MARTYRS OF MADAGASCAR.— The subjection of Madagascar by the French 
has not yet resulted in an entirely happy condition of affairs on the island. 
It was comparatively easy for the French forces to overcome the native Hova 
army, and the Queen has been reduced to subjection to the French Resident, or 
Governor General. But, misled by the ease of their victory, the French have with- 
drawn too large a portion of their army, and the native government, being over- 
thrown or disorganized, and the native army disbanded, disorder and confusion reign 
throughout the island. The criminal element is in the ascendancy and have banded 
themselves together. An era of rebellion and riot prevails everywhere. The 
rebels do not represent the orderly or Christian element of the native Malagasy, 
but consist of the riffraff population gathered from all tribes. So far the French 
have been able to make but little progress in overcoming the rebellion, and the 
rebels are ravaging the country, showing no mercy to either natives or foreigners. 
The Malagasy Christians are again the subjects of the severest persecution. Once 
more have the caves of the earth become their hiding places ; their homes are 
burned ; their livestock driven off and slaughtered and their crops ruihed. Two 
hundred and fifty Christian churches have been destroyed, missionaries expelled, 
and anew have the Christians of Madagascar been called upon to suffer martyrdom. 
The bloody scenes of former times are recalled, both in the sufferings and in the 
heroism of the Christians of the present day. Those who are captured by the rebels 
are always offered their lives if they will forswear their faith in Christ, but now, as 
formerly, they are ready to suffer martyrdom rather than deny their Lord. One 
man, Ratsimikotona, and his two sons were captured by the rebels and offered their 
lives if they would deny Christ. Ratsimikotona replied, " We will never deny our 
Christ, do what you will." His two sons suggested that money might be raised 

SditoHal Jfbtet ' 89 

nnsom. " Ko," said Rataimikotona, '* wo will neither bay our lives cor sell oar 
religion. Let ns apeak no more, bnt pray ; it IB God's will." So the three suffered 
martyrdom by the most horrible cruelUeB. And week by week, and montb by 
moDth, men and women in Madagascar are showing their heroic devotion to tlie 
Lord JesuB Christ by giving ap their lives for Him. The day of Christian heroes 
and heroines has by no means passed. 

THE THEOUOQiCAL SEMINARY AT INSEIN, BURMA, has recently received a valuable 
- addition to its library by the gift of 177 volumes from the library of oar 
lamented friend, Rev. William S. McEenzie, D. D. Doctor 
McKenzie was a lover of good books and tolerated only those 
of substantial value, and the thoughtf illness of Mrs. McKenzie 
in presenting these volnmes will be highly appreciated. We 
are sure it is just what the owner would wish to have done 
with the books which were his chosen companions in life. 
The Seminary at Insein is for the training of preachers of the, 
gospel for all the races of Bnrma. There are now two de- 
partments, the Karen, conducted by the President, Rev. D. 
A. W. Smith, D, D., and the Burnian department conducted, 
since the coming to America of Rev. Willis F. Thomas, by 
Rev. F. H. Eveleth. After the return of Mr. Thomas to 
Burma it is proposed to open an English department under 
his care. The number of Biblical and excgetical helps in the 
languages of Burma is Btill small, and even those who are to preach in the ver- 
naculars of the country are greatly benefited by access to the rich mines of knowl- 
edge opened by use of the English language. 

THE SIBERIAN RAILWAY will revolutionize ronnd-the-world travel. It is to be 
7,500 miles long, of which all but 2,000 mUes are already finished, and the com- 
pletion of the Une is set for the year 1900. One can then make the trip around the 
world in thirty-eight days, going from Kew York to England in sis days, to Russia 
in two days more, across Russia and Siberia in thirteen days, to Hakodate, Japan, 
in two days, to Yanconver in ten days, and across America to Xew York in five 
days. The time of several of these journeys will soon be reduced and it will not be 
many years before it will he possible to take a trip around the earth in a month's 
vacation! Jules Verne's daring fiction, "Around the World in Eighty Days," is 
already no longer a fiction and will soon become ancient history. Meantime Eng- 
land, not to be outdone by Russia, is planning another railroad route across Asia via 
India, Bnrma and China to her colony of Hongkong. The last ten years have 
done mach to bring the ends of the earth together, but it appears as if the next ten 
years woold be yet more remarkable for efforts to annihilate space. All these ad- 
vances in facilities of travel are for the furtherance of the kingdom of Christ. We 
may yet realize the words of the hymn : " Fly abroad thou mighty Gospel." The 
Lord hasten the coming of His kingdom in all the earth. 

40 EditoHal Notes 

44IXNIQHTS OF THE LABARUM," by Rev. Harlan P. Beach, Educational Secretary 
IV of the Student Volunteer Movement, consists of four studies for use in mis- 
sion study, classes of students or Young Peoples' Societies. The subjects chosen 
are Adoniram Judson, Alexander Duff, John Kenneth MacKenzie and Alexander M. 
MacKay. These are all lives of thrilling interest to students of missions, and the 
cheap compact form in which the matter is presented make it a very convenient 
handbook for those engaged in a systematic study of missions. It is published by 
the Student Volunteer Movement, 80 Institute Place, Chicago, 111. Price 40 cents 
in cloth, 26 cents in paper covers. The title will stimulate curiosity, but will justify 
itself when we learn that the " Labarum " was the imperial standard of Constantine, 
the first Christian Emperor. It consisted of a cross and banner with the initials of 
the name Jesus Christ. This standard was adopted by Constantine after his famous 
vision in which he saw Christ in the heavens signaling him on to victory, and he 
then inscribed on his banners the motto " In this we conquer." 

THE WORLD IS GROWING SMALLER. — A recent cable from F. D. Phinney, Esq., 
Superintendent of the Baptist Mission Press, Ilangoon, Burma, came to the 
hands of Dr. Duncan, the Foreign Secretary of the Missionary Union in Boston in 
two hours. This is the quickest service on record between Rangoon and Boston . 
It is now almost startling to think that less than fifty years ago the quickest communi- 
cation between missionaries in Burma and their friends in America required four 
months, and often when missionaries sailed from Boston it was more than a year 
before news came of their [safe arrival at Rangoon. The first message over the 
electric telegraph may well have been inspired. "What hath God wrought!" 

THE . MISSIONARY MAP YOU NEED. — Every Church should have its Missionary 
Map. Dr. A. J. Gordon often said that the prayer book a Christian should 
have and use is a map of the world, that he may understandingly pray " Thy King- 
dom come !" This map was prepared by Messrs. G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. of 
New York, and is the best Missionary Map ever issued by any society in America.' 
It is drawn on a scale of forty miles to an inch, and shows, in a graphic manner, by 
very distinct and beautiful coloring, on a linen groundwork ten feet by nine, 
the vast Asiatic Mission Fields of the American Baptist Missionary Union. The 
map shows the empires of India and Russia, China and Japan ; Korea, Tibet 
and adjacent kingdoms. The map further depicts very interestingly : — The 
principal stations of other Baptist Missionary Societies — General Baptist Mission, 
Strict Baptist Mission, Free Baptist Mission, Canadian Biiptist Mission, Southern 
Baptist Convention, Seventh Day Baptist Mission, etc. Send $5.00 to Mission 
Rooms, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., and we will send you by express, all 
charges prepaid, a copy of the Map. Or, if there is a strong probability of your 
Church buying the Map, you can have one for a few days on approval, providing, 
in case of its return, you will prepay the ^express charges. A collection taken at a 
prayer meeting will, in most cases, provide the $5.00 needed, and the more readily 
when people see the Map. 

EditoricU Notes 


Church, New York City, December 16 and 16, was not largely attended owing 
to a severe snowstorm which came on the evening of the first day and raged violently 
throughout the second day, but it was a meeting of deep impressiveness to those who 
were able to' attend. The papers and addresses were of a high character both in 
spiritual thought and in practical suggestion and the Conference will bear fruit in 
swelling the inflowing tide of consecration of persons and property to the service of 
God. The third Conference of this series is held in the Fifth Baptist Church, Phila- 
delphia, January 26 and 27, and the fourth in the Immanuel Baptist Church, 
Chicago, the first week in March. Those who attend these Conferences are great 
gainers. Arrange to be there if you can. 

REV. E. E. CHIVERS, D. D., District Secretary of the American Baptist Missionary 
Union for the Southern New York District, has been chosen General Secre- 
tary of the Baptist Young People's Union of America, and will assume the duties of 
that office on February 15. In his brief service of two years for the Missionary 
Union, Dr. Chivers has endeared himself to all his associates by his genial and 
warm-hearted courtesy, and has won deserved honor and influence by the ability 
and efficiency shown in the discharge of his official duties. His Mss to the special 
service of foreign missions would be even more deeply deplored were it not for the 
magnificent opportunity opening before him of leading the young people of our 
Baptist Churches into the largest consecration and service to the cause of Christ in 
all the world. 

PERSONAL. — Rev. A. V. B. Crumb and wife, and E. S. Corson, M. D., and wife 
sailed from New York for Toungoo, Burma, December 9, and Hev. B. P. 

Cross, for Bassein, Burma. Mrs. H. VV. Hancock and Mrs. J. McGuire reached 

Mandalay, Burma, October 22. Rev. William M. Upcraft and Miss Emma Inveen 

were married in Shanghai, December 1. The many friends of both will wish them 

«very joy and great usefulness in the work of the Lord in Western China. 

Rev. William Pettigrew of Ukrul, Manipur, was married in Calcutta, November 13, 
to Miss Alice Goreham of Scotland. May the Lord bless and keep them in their 

isolated station among the aborigines of Assam. ;-Rev. George J. Geis and wife 

of Myitkyina, Upper Burma, arrived at New York January 2, returning on account 
of the failure of Mrs. Geis's health. 


THIS eminent and dearly beloved servant of God passed away from earth oo 
Thursday, January 7, at the home of his daaghter, Mrs. L. M. Davie of Fitch- 
burg, Maes, For more than a year he has been very feeble, and during tlie 
tew weeks preceding his death he seemed to be just on the threshold of heaven, and 
daily hia departure was expected. At half-past ten on the evening of Wednesday, 
after bidding a tender farewell to Mrs. Jewett and the members of his family, the 
Saviour appeared to him. With eyes uplifted toward heaven he beckoned with a 
familiar oriental gesture, and said, " Come, Lord Jesus." Then in a moment he ex- 
claimed with rapture, "Jesus is coming." After this be knew no more of earth, 
and at about a quarter past twelve on the morning of Thursday his spirit took its 
flight to the blissful realms of day. We are reminded of a beautiful saying of Nor- 
man E. Waterbury, his companion in missionary labors in Madras, " How glad the 
Saviour will be to see Dr. Jewett." His saintly life of prayer and service has closed. 
We think of him only as joining with the glorified throng in glad and triumphant 
strains in prases to Him who has redeemed us by His own precious blood that we 
might be joint heirs with Him to " an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled and that 
fadeth not away." 

Like the majority of the great and devoted servants of Christ Dr. Jewett was 
nurtured amid the happy and healthful scenes of country life. Born in Waterford, 
Maine, March 9, 1813, he lived there and at Buckfield, Maine, until as a young man 
he came to Boston. Here he united with the Federal Street Baptist Church in July, 
18S3, of which he remained a member to the end of his life. The church ia now 
known as the Clarendon Street Baptist Church, and here his funeral services were 
appropriately observed on Saturday, January 9. Soon after coming to Boston Mr. 
Jewett felt the call of the Lord to prepare himself for the preaching of the gospel, 
and entered Brown TTniversity, graduating in the class of 1848. He tlien studied 

Hev. lAfman Jeteett, D, 1). 48 

two years at Newton Theological Institution. During this time, in 1847, he was 
appointed a missionary of the American Baptist Missionary Union, but his ordina- 
tion did not occur until October 6, 1848, just before his departure for India. He 
sailed from Boston October 10 of that year, in the ship Bowditch, Captain Pike, 
having been married on September 3, to Miss Euphemia Davis of Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, who has been the life-long, loving and devoted companion of his labors and 
services. The nature of the voyages in those slow days of sailing vessels is indi- 
cated by the fact that he did not reach Madras until February 21, 1849 ; but he did 
not at that time remain long in that city, removing to Nellore, the principal seat of 
his missionary labors, where he arrived April 16. 

At that time Nellore was the only station of the Telugu Mission, and here Mr. 
and Mrs Jewett pursued their labors with that faithfulness and devotion which was 
characteristic of them throughout their lives. 

In 1863, at the annual meeting of the Missionary Union in Albany, N. Y., the 
question of the abandonment of the Telugu Mission was strongly advocated, but 
the counsel of those who advocated the continuance of the mission prevailed. It 
was at this time that one of the speakers, pointing to Nellore, the only station of the 
Telugu Mission, gave it the name of " The Lone Star," — a phrase which fired the 
heart of our American patriotic poet, Samuel F. Smith, and led him to write the 
now historic poem of that name. 

Only a few months after this critical point in the history of the mission occurred 
one of its most memorable scenes, from which may be dated the dawning of brighter 
days for the missionary work among the Telugus. On the first day of January, 
1854, Mr. and Mrs. Jewett, with three Tehigu Christians, Christian Nursu, Julia and 
Rath, climbed to the top of a hill which overlooks the town of Ongole, that they 
might get a view of the surrounding country. They had been touring for some time 
in this section of the Telugu field, and now had their attention fixed upon the town 
of Ongole as a possible second centre for missionary work. As they stood there in 
the early morning light, looking down upon the large town with its heathen temples 
and its numerous outlying villages, their hearts went out in love and longing for those 
mnltitudes of people sunken in ignorance and in superstition, and all knelt and 
prayed that the Lord would send a missionary to Ongole. After prayer Dr. Jewett's 
eyes were fixed upon a spot then grown up to a dense jungle or thicket, and point- 
ing it out to Julia he asked, " Would not that be a g •. spot or the house of the 
missionary?" In the providence of God it happened a few years later that an Eng- 
lish official purchased this very spot and built himself a house. Several years after, 
when leaving the post, the house came into the hands of Dr. Jewett, who bought it 
on his own responsibility, not having time to consult with the authorities in Boston. 
This house did, in answer to the prayer and longing of these loving and pious hearts, 
become the home of the missionary for Ongole. This missionary, who settled in On- 
gole in 1866, twelve years after the now famous meeting on Prayer Meeting Hill, 
was John E. Clough, and the later wonderful history of the Ongole Telugu Mission 
is known to all the world. 

44 Mev. Lyman Jetcetty J). D. 

In 1857, on account of the ansettled state of the country owing to the Sepoy re- 
bellion, Mr. and Mrs. Jewett were absent from their station three months, and in 
1861 they were compelled to return to America for rest and recovery of health. 
Here again occurred one of those Providential occasions in which Dr. Jewett was 
notably used of the Lord for the furtherance of the gospel among the Telugus. 

At the annual meeting of the Missionary Union in Providence, in May 1862, the 
question of the abandonment of the Telugu Mission which up to this time had shown 
but little fruit, was again seriously discussed. Opinion in favor of giving up the 
mission seemed about to prevail when Dr. Jonah G. Warren, the Foreign Secretary, 
said, " Well, Mr. Jewett is soon to arrive in America ; let us leave the question and 
see what he says." The meeting rather reluctantly agreed to this ; and when Mr. 
Jewett came to the missionary headquarters in Boston Dr. Warren asked him if he 
would favor giving up the Telugu Mission. He gave a decided negative, and de- 
clared before the Executive Committee that if the Union would not send him back 
to Nellore lie would return alone and spend his remaining days in labors for the sal- 
vation of the Telugu people. The tender heart of Dr. Warren .was stirred by this 
heroic and devoted determination, and he said, " Well, brother Jewett, if you will 
return to India we must send some one with you to bury you." So the Telugu Mis- 
sion was again saved. He returned to India in the autumn of 1864 and again visited 
the United States in 1874. Upon his second return, in 1877, Dr. and Mrs. Jewett 
were authorized to locate at Madras, where the remainder of their missionary life 
was passed. Although Madras is outside the limits of the Telugu territory, yet 
many thousands of Telugus are found among the population of this important city. 
Here Dr. Jewett engaged assiduously in all forms of missionary work and here he 
served faithfully his God and his generation among the people of India, until again 
compelled to return to America in 1885. He arrived in Boston April 23, 1886, and 
since that time has resided chiefly either with his daughter, Mrs. C. S. Young of 
Newton Centre, Mass., or in Fitchburg, which was the scene of his triumphant en; 
trance into the eternal life. 

In his missionary labors Dr. Jewett was quiet as in all else, but persistent, wise, 
loving, earnest and successful. He won and retained the devoted affection of his 
missionary associates and of the native Christians as well as of the heathen with 
whom he came in contact. His influence upon all was entirely and only for good. 
For many years he was the central figure of the Telugu Mission ; and if Samuel S. 
Day is called the founder, and John E. Clough the apostle, Lyman Jewett may be 
styled the saviour of the Telugu Mission, since to his personal courage and devotion 
as well as to his persevering labors and care more than once was the mission in- 
debted for the preservation of its feeble, struggling life in its early days. Aside 
from the usual labors of a missionary Dr. Jewett was a member of the Bible transla- 
tion committee in Madras, and he translated the New Testament into Telugu in the 
form in which it is noM^ used in the American Baptist Mission. 

Words fail us to speak of the personal character of our departed and honored 
missionary in adequate terms. His simple piety, his unselfish devotion, his transpar- 

Hev. Lyman Jewetty D. D. 46 

ent purity, his deep spirituality, his quiet but magnifioent courage id times of trial 
and danger, his high and genuine ability, his life of prayer, his unfailing faith and 
his kindly spirit have fixed his im age on the hearts of thousands on both sides of the 
world. Some of the most beautiful traits of his personal character are brought out 
in the following letter written by Rev. Norman E. Waterbury, for several years his 
associate in missionary labors in Madras. This letter was a familiar epistle to class- 
mates, and after these many years came providentially to the hands of Mrs. Water- 
bury who has kindly allowed us to publish it. Associated as Mr. Waterbury was 
with Dr. Jewett, living in the same house for many months, it expresses from per- 
sonal knowledge what we are glad to say of this saintly man. 

" I have often talked and prayed with Dr. Jewett and have counted it one of the 
joys of my work. His singleness of purpose, his faith, his courage and his meek- 
ness are the everyday features of a Christ-like man. If it be true that the meek 
shall inherit the earth then you may look for this man among the mightiest princes 
bye and bye with Moses an<l with Jesus. And if you were privileged to listen often 
to his child-like prayers you would be able more intelligently to trace the beginning 
of the great awakening in Ongole back to the little meeting on Prayer Meeting Hill 
on a New Year's day thirty years ago." 

As one by one the links are broken which bind us to the early days of our mis- 
sionary work we cling with a tender fondness and reverence to those heroic and 
self-sacrificing laborers to whom the later generation of Baptists are indebted for the 
good foundations on which has been built the glorious edifice of our Baptist foreign 
missions. Among the stars, of brilliant and steady shining, which adorn the sky of 
our earlier missionary days, Dr. Jewett holds a worthy place in the reverence of the 
Baptist hosts and in the records of Baj>tist history. His name will stand in imper- 
ishable honor with those of Judson, Boardmaii, Goddard and Brown, and many 
others equally worthy and equally honored who have gone before or who still lin- 
ger among us. Let us rise up to honor the memory of those who wrought in the 
days when there was little to encourage and little to strengthen except their steady 
hope in the everlasting promises of the living God. May their virtues, their] devo- 
tion and their sacrifices kindle an enthusiasm in every heart for as noble toil and 
sacrifice in these later days when larger success is given ; and may the memory of 
their sainted lives and worthy deeds abide in fragrance until we like them hha 
be gathered to the glorious cit of God. 


WITH praise and thanksgiving to Grod we announce that the famine which 
threatened to plunge all India into an abyss of want and woe is averted, 
and songs of praises fill the land where wails of fear and hunger have so 
lately been heard. The terrors of famine in India cannot be imagined in this land 
of plenty. They are just hinted at in this letter from Rev. W. R. Manley of 
Udayagiri, written before the rains came : 

" There seems no escape for the country from another famine. It already prevails 
throughout almost the whole of Northern India; and that fact, together with the buying 
up of grain at greatly advanced prices for shipment North, and the total failure of the 
northeast monsoon rains thus far, has produced almost a panic in this part of the coun- 
try, so that already the price of everything in the way of eatables has very nearly doubled, 
and much of the time the grain bazaars are closed entirely and nothing can be bought. 
There is still a good deal of old grain in this part of the country, but there is not a middle- 
aged person in India who has not been through at least one famine, and they have learned 
by terrible suffering to hoard their grain from one harvest till the next is assured. "We 
have had two men out for some days trying to buy a load or two of grain to feed our 
school children with ; but we have no word from them yet, and I fear they may not suc- 
ceed in buying even at prices double the usual rates. 

^*I have never had anything wear on me as this does, for most of our Christians here 
have only recently come from heathenism, and have yet to learn — what a great many 
American Christians never fully learn — to trust in God for daily bread ; and they all 
come to me as though I could tell them what to do or how to get food for their families. 
Strange that it should be easier to trust God to save our souls from hell than to keep our 
bodies from starving to death, but, to judge from what one ordinarily meets, such would 
seem to be the case." 

The burden of fear which bore so heavily on Mr. Manley's heart rested upon all our 
missionaries in the Telugu country. The retrenchment made necessary by the reduc- 
tion of appropriations had already added to the difficulty of the mission work, and 
the advance in the prices of food with the suffering of the poor people on the fields 
increased the tension of the strain until strength and courage seemed well-nigh 
breaking. Rev. W. E. Hopkins of Palmur wrote : 

'' Starving children are now waiting for our evangelist to bring them permission to 
come here to us and I have sent permission although we have no money for their support. 
My expenses exceed my appropriation all the time, but to retrench means to take life 
from the starving." 

And Rev. George H. Brock of Kauigiri gives a vivid picture of the distress : 

"The rains due in October have failed us entirely and already the first great cry for 
food has been heard. My heart stands still with a great dread. I see in vision the grim 
monster Famine ready to stride through the land, accompanied by his companion Death. 
Each day people are coming to me now for aid — ** We have no food ; we have no food." 
The Government is somewhat alarmed and plans are being devised for famine relief. 
This week I was to have had a great meeting in which several churches were going to 

A Famine Averted 

take over Oielr own pastora r 
and so free the mission from 
that mucb I cannot even 
hare the meeting now If 
the famine really cornea, and 
it seems to me there is even 
prospect of it, our work will 
be hindered, at least so fir 
as self-support 19 conceroed 
for several years A Chna 
tian teacher has ]ust come 
in from a village and says 
that the Sudnts are request- 
ing the Christians to come 
to their homes to pray, as 
they fear a famine In these 
parts, the great famine 
brought the out castes to 
God. Another famine imjiy 
bring the caste people ' 

Bat rains have come ' 
How great the change we 
do not know in our land of 
freqnent showers. Only 
the sublime im^ery of the 
Psalmist and of Isaiah can 

describe the blessing of 

rain upon the parched 

earth. We can join with 

Dr.Boggs of Secunderabad 

in his praises of God as he 

imtes, November 26 : — 

" It is now with a very grateful heart that I report a most marked change which will 
bring hope to millions. Good rain has fallen within the last few days, and it has been 
*Mj widespread. From far and near, north, south, east and west, we hear of bountiful 
Miowers. It is impossible to estimate the results of this. Growing crops will be revived 
and saved ; fresh sowings will go on all through the land ; pasturage will spring up and 
oyriida of cattle be saved from starvation ; water supplies will be replenished ; prices of 
P»Jn will fall ; and hope will be regained by multitudes who were on the verge of despair 
M they saw gaunt famine and probable starvation staring them in the face. We praise 
f^torthis inestimable blessing. 'Sing unto the Lord with thanksgiving; whocover- 
eth the heaven with clouds, who prepared rain for the earth.' Fsalm 147:8." 


AT the extremely interesting Conference on Systematic Christian Beneficence 
held in the First Baptist Church, Boston, November 17 and 18, the first 
paper, and one of the most important, was that of Dr. Hovey on "The 
Christian Teaching of Old Testament Oiteiings." It was the freshest, most carefnl 
and most satisfactory treatment of the subject we have ever known. Probably 
this valuable paper will be prir.tad hi some form, but we hasten to give a r6sum6 of 
the conclusions for the benefit of the readers of the Missionary Magazine. 

Dr. Hovey first stated that he used the word offerings to express any devotion 
of property to the service of God. He did not include under this term gifts to 
friends, to the poor, or the payment of taxes to the State, and he did include 
under " offerings " Old Testament tithes, because while in the Old Testament tithes 
are not usually called offerings, yet the tithe was a devotion of property to the 
service of God, and so came under the term as he intended to use it in this paper. 
After a careful review of the subject of Old Testament tithes Dr. Hovey came to 
the conclusion that the Word of God teaches that the Israelites gave at least one 
and one-half tenth of their income to the service of God, and in addition to this 
made other gifts to the poor, etc. After the beginning of the reign of the Davidic 
kings, and in accordance with the prophecy of Samuel as to the burdens which 
would be laid upon the people should a king be given them, it was the opinion of 
the speaker that not less than one-third of the income of the Jews was devoted to 
religion and the State. The offerings to religion were not increased, but the 
burdens of the State became more onerous. 

In the opinion of the speaker the duty of Christians cannot be said to be less 
than the duty of the Jews. The Jews devoted seventy-five dollars out of every 
five hundred of income, or I?! 50 out of every thousand to purposes of religion. 
This was given for the support of religion in their own land. Christians have 
larger opportunities and correspondingly larger duties. The coming of Christ did 
not lower the standard of Christian duty. The death of the Son of God did not 
weaken God's claims upon His people. And while Dr. Hovey did not hold that 
the law of the tithe can be said to be binding upon Christians, yet he believed that 
reason and obligation and love teach that a tenth of the income was the least 
which a Christian could rightfully devote to the service of God. This is a good 
and scriptural average proportion for persons in moderate circumstances. Others 
to whom large means have been given should give much more than this. 

Dr. Hovey made a strong and impressive point that the intention of God in 
requiring of the Jews a tenth at least was to promote systematic giving, and obser- 
vation shows that, among Christians, the giving of a tenth of the income is pro- 
motive of the highest Christian graces. Considered as stewards, Christians have no 
right to lay up property for themselves, but will best show their love to Qod and 
their sense of His claims upon them by giving to His service a tenth of their income* 


A Prayer That Was Answered 49 

At the conolusion of the address an opportunity was given for informal dis- 
cussion, which took the form of questions to Dn Hovey. The questions were 
numerous and extremely interesting, and showed great interest and thoughtfulness 
on this subject on the part of the large audience that was present. In reply to 
these questions Dr. Hovey reiterated his belief that at least one-tenth should be 
given solely to religious purposes, and all taxes, gifts to the poor, gifts to needy 
friends, as well as other secular claims should come out of the other nine-tenths of 
the income. In reply to a question as to the promise of worldly prosperity to 
those who devoted tithes to the service of God, Dr. Hovey was doubtful whether 
the Old Testament promises of prosperity could be literally applied to Christian 
times, but he had no doubt but that proportionate and systematic giving to the 
service of God brings large spiritual blessing, and usually large temporal blessing 
also. In connection with this question. Rev. M. H. Bixby of Providence gave an 
impressive testimony. He said that, twenty-five years ago, when his church was 
young and small, he impressed upon the minds of his young men the duty and 
privilege of giving at least a tenth of their income to the service of God, and a 
number of them adopted this principle and have adhered to it through all these 
years. All these young men have been prospered in business, and to-day nearly 
all are wealthy and have continued to be large and liberal givers to the church and 
to the cause of Christ throughout the world. 


AT the Boston Conference on Systematic Beneficence one of the most interesting 
services was the Open Parliament, in which testimonies were called for from 
those who had experienced the blessings of systematic and proportionate giv- 
ing. Among others Hon. Chester W. Kingsley of Cambridge, Massachusetts, was 
called upon. Mr. Kingsley said that it had long seemed to him that the weakest 
point in our Christian life was the lack of systematic and proportionate giving and 
as a result, our great religious and missionary societies are cramped for the means 
necessary to carry on and extend their work. When he was a young man working 
for a salary of 1250 a year, and with a wife and family to support, he was impressed 
with the needs of the cause of God in all the earth. It was difficult for him to see 
how he could give anything out of his small salary, and he was troubled about it, and 
that others who could, did not give more; and he made a prayer, "Oh, Lord, give me 
a hand to get and a heart to give." Mr. Kingsley said that he had offered this 
prayer, he supposed, more than a thousand times, and, as is well known, the Lord has 
answered the prayer in both directions, prospering his servant in business affairs and 
at the same time giving him a heart to provide generous things for every depart- 
ment of the Lord's work. This is a prayer which the Lord has been pleased to an- 
swer. It is a good prayer for young business men to adopt — " Lord, give me a 
hand to get and a heart to give." 




HB CommlsBlon on Sys- 
t e m & 1 1 c ChrlsUaD 
Beneflcence. fonned at 
A«biii7 Park last sum- 
mw, not the Com- 
mlsalon to dlsctple all 
natloDB. ThiH Com- 
mlBaloD flprang up al- 
most spoQtaneoasly. It was the outcome 
of the latent conviction In many minds that 
coOrdinatloa of kindred missionary Inter- 
ests was demanded; that better methods 
should be sought and recommended to the 
diurches, and that a solid basis for the 
varied Christian giving, on which the rising 
membership of onr churches might be 
trained, should be found and stated. 

The essential principle of the movement 
is tbe development of Christian steward- 
Bblp. Prom tbe origin of our respective 
general benevolent societies each has gone 
on tn Its own Independent way. and apart 
from certain friendly arrangements In con- 
nection with tbe anniversaries, the methods 
of each society have been as independent 
as If no othpr department ot work existed. 
With the birth of this movement the secre- 
taries of all tlie societies represented upon 
It began to see, as they bad not before. 
that they must more generously esteem 
other departments of work than their own, 
so as to be able to embrace all Interests in 
their future plans. 

Out of this baa been begotten a new fel- 
lowship, a mutual sympathy, a holy love, 
which we believe Is n signal token of tbe 
Holy Spirit's guidance and a presage of 
good things to come. Each one. beginning 
to study, plan and act for the Interests of 
another's work— all departments of our 
Lord's one work— we have awakened to a 
new realization of love for the whole work, 
which welds us into a unity not realized 

With this realization comes new responsi- 
bilities. By the action of oar brethren wv 
have been thrust Into the van of a move- 
ment of a higher order than previously 
contemplated. We feel as If entrusted once 
more, as were the priests of old. with the 
Ark of tbe Covenant. Hence many ai« 
looking to us for tbe ordering of the rda- 
tlone between the respective Interests of 
varied benevolent enterprises, and for 
specific plana whereby the chnrches may be 
advised to properly study and support all 
departments of work equitably; and we are 
especially chargeable with the presentation 
of a motive which shall prove fruitful of a 
higher spirituality. Should this ark which 
we bear be defiled by the touch of our gar- 
ments, or should It fall into the hands of the 
Philistines, we fear tor Its effect upon the 
camp. If we may, by God's grace, be en- 
abled to l)ear this ark aloft, following the 
pillar of fire and cloud, new hope and 
courage will be born, and great triamphs 
wlU he won. Surely we need the prayers of 
all who feel that they have any stake In this 

The task of this Commission Is varied, 
but we conceive the following to be some 
of the chief directions in which Its work 
should lie. It will be called npon to em- 
pbaslzo the fundamental Christian relation 
In which all Individuals and churches stand 
' to the various departments of the one 
Kingdom of our Ix>rd. Heretofore, obliga- 
tion to the "society" has been made pet- 
haps too promlment. It needs to t>e shown 
that the Cbristlan Is fundamentally related 
to the rann.v departments of the one great 
work. These relations are organic and con- 
stitutional to the Christian. It Is Impossi- 
ble for any Christian to be properly related 
to any one of these departments, and, if In- 
telligent, not to be correspondingly related 
to all the other departments of tbe work. 

Dawning of the Day in Chhia 


The Gommissioh is to reassert the Chris- 
tian use of money. This calls for a restudy 
of the Scriptures on the subject and a 
deeper apprehension of the spirit of Biblical 
teaching, both in the Old Testament and 
New. It would be yet premature to inti- 
mate Just what the specific plans for giving, 
which the Commission recommends, are to 
be; indeed It is not yet fully known what 
they will be, but it will be safe to say that 
when they are announced, they will call not 
for a less but for a larger responsibility and 
labor on the part of pastors and the entire 
educative force in all our churches. No 
mechanical system of giving by mere per- 
centages in one decisive act at the begin- 
ning of the year can be inadequate if we 
would see an increase of offerings and a 
corresponding growth in grace on the part 
of givers. Giving must be intelligent. 1 
am sure, also, that it is the sense of the 
Commission that during particular periods 
in which a cause is under consideration in 
a church all parties should combine to 
study, labor and pray for that one depart- 
ment of work. This will avoid confusion 
and produce unity. 

The chief end which the Commission will 
have in view will be to develop such a type 
of Christian giving as will result in cor- 
responding increase of grace in the giver. 
The Apostle Paul pleaded not beojiuse he 

desired the gift, but that fruit might 
abotmd to the account of the giver. It is 
amazing how large sums of money may be 
devoted to regions purposes of one kind 
and another without there being necessarily 
any increase of spirituality or true religion. 
The myriad temples of India, China and 
Japan are in evidence of the spiritual fruit- 
lessness of mere devotion of money super- 
stitiously, or under false constraint. The 
great cathedrals of the old world, reared 
under the auspices of Rome, instead of re- 
sulting in a corresponding development of 
religion, have proven a blight and an in- 
cubus to it In order that the devotion of 
money should result in grace to the giver, 
Christ must be seen in the object to which 
the gift is devoted. We are told in all these 
things to do, to give, in the name of Christ, 
for His sake. And what do we mean 
by this? Surely nothing less than these 
two things: (1) We should act and give 
as if we were Jesus Christ Himself, and. 
in the next place, we should act towards 
the recipient of our bounty as if he were 
Christ. In the account of the last Judg- 
ment in the Gospel of Matthew the princi- 
ple on which the line was drawn between 
those on the right hand and those upon the 
left was this, "Inasmuch as ye did it, or did 
it not, unto one of the least of these my 
brethren, ye did it, or did it not unto me." 


UNGKUNG, a city of China about sixty miles in the interior from Swatow, was 
opened as a mission station in 1892 by Rev. J. W. Carlin, D. D., and Mrs. 
Carlin. They have spent the greater part of each year in Ungkung, although 
compelled to go to the sea coast in the hottest months of the summer. At the first 
Dr. Carlin was providentially able to secure premises admirably adapted for gospel 
work, located near the thoroughfares of travel, and the preaching services have al- 
ways been well attended. The method of labor has been purely evangelistic. Per- 
sistent, pungent and practical preaching of the good news of salvation has filled the 
hours and days of the missionary and his helpers. Tours into the country round about 
have been taken as opportunity offered. Mrs. Carlin has visited in the homes of many 
of the leading families of Ungkung. But the great centre of labor has been the Mis- 
sion Chapel. At times it has been thronged. Thousands of residents have attended 


Dawning of the Day in China 

the services. Hundreds of visitors from far and near have come in, listened and 
gone forth to tell of the new truths they heard at Ungkung. 

The growth of the church, beginning slowly, has steadily increased. Forty-two 
members were reported last year. Last autumn a remarkable revival of interest in 
the gospel burst forth. The chapel services were thronged, and the preaching was 
listened to with serious attention. Forty- two were baptized in three months. 
Twenty-three on October 4 in the presence of thousands of Chinese. The opportuni- 
ties are far beyond the ability of the missionary and his preachers. He calls for 
help. This is good news from staid old China. Later Dr. Carlin writes : 

Oiir opportunities still grow and new 
ones are coming on. I am doing the hard- 
est preaching of my life. The hand of the 
Lord is with us. Three towns in a row 
east of Ungkung appear about ready to 
wholly give up their heathen customs and 
worship. Most of them attend Sunday 
worship at Ungkung and the people of one 
of the towns are consulting about giving 
us their ancestral hall, a large one, for a 
chapel. In this town are two sugar mer- 
chants, who also cultivate oyster beds and 
make salt on a large scale. They are said 
to be very rich. They are regular attend- 
ants here, and they have expressed their 
desire that we should have the ancestral 
hall. Should the hall be offered, I don't 
think that we would accept of it yet lest 
some of the villagers might not be alto- 
gether pleased to let us have it; and then 
we do not need it now, as the place is near 
enough for the people to attend preaching 
at Ungkung, and I have no spare teacher 
to occupy it. The movement of these three 
villages is astonishingly promising. On the 
west of Ungkung is a village where one of 
our meml>ers loaned us a house to preach 
in, of which I wrote you, I think. In this 
village also our opportunities continue to 
increase. The Bible students and I went 
there to preach a few days ago, and wt> 
preached three consecutive hours, and 
when we quit about noon, there were pres- 
ent 700 or 800 people eager to hear more. 
Many of them come to Ungkung to hear 
the preaching on Sundays. Ungkung 
Sunday congregations are overflowing, but 
we have most respectful, yea, solemn, at- 
tention. We preach about four hours 
every Sunday, and people are present all 

day, and are also taught privately. We 
cannot number our present and manifest 

At a place where I thought the work was 
dead, the dry bones are rising up to life, 
and we have now about fifty regular Sun- 
day attendants there. CiOrKhoi is fruitiog, 
Ngo-to, in the Fokien Province, is bloom- 
ing, and So-lat, where we have opened a 
station since my last writing, is bnddlnsr— 
over 150 attendants there the past twe 
Sundays, whilst thousands in and round 
about the town hear the gospel on week 
days, for there, as here and elsewhere, we 
daily preach out from our chapel and sta- 
tion. About forty of these people have ex- 
pressed their Intention to ally themselves 
with us. So-lat is ten miles to the east of 
Ungkung. We have had for six months 
six or seven attendants at Ungktmg from 
there, one of whom is a rich man above 
fifty years of age, who proposed to loan 
me a house for a chapel if I would open 
permanent preaching in his town. I went 
to see the house, town and surrounding 
country. The town contains about 4,000 in- 
liabitants, within three miles of which are 
thousands more. I preached morning and af- 
ternoon, and I never saw a people so ready 
for the gospel; hundreds heard with aston- 
isliing eagerness. The following Sunday 
the house was ready and we preached 
there, yet found the house too small to 
contain the audience. But a solution for 
the quest for more room was at hand. A 
Presbyterian brother, of a town four miles 
distant, who had bought and fitted up a 
house in So-lal to be used for a chapel, in 
which he had seats and a table for the 
preacher, came and gave us his house, which 

Davming of the Day in China 


contains two rooms side by side constitut- 
ing the chapel for men and women, and 
two living rooms and place for kitchen. 
Abont 200 can be seated, and there is an 
open court in front of the chapel rooms 
that can be utilized for seating 100 more 
in case it should be found necessary to pro- 
vide more room; and if permanently needed 
it could be covered and the partition doors 
removed, throwing it into the main room. 
This house he had bought for ^350 or $400, 
and fitted it to present to the Presbyterian 
Mission, but they did not care to open a 
chapel there, as they said it was too close 
to their chapel at Cia-nft, three and a half 
miles distant; so that, on hearing that we 
were opening there he resolved to give the 
house to us. A man of So-lat has Just this 
moment gone out from me, and he 'in- 
formed me that people were going to the 
chapel every night to hear the gospel. Two 
heads of clans there (the man who loaned 
me the house is one) have attached them- 
selves to us, and this man tells me that 40 
or 60 persons of their kinship will follow 
them at once, among whom he is one. I 
shall go there on Sunday, the 22d inst., to 
preach. Mrs. Carlin will go along to view, 
and inquire into the situation with the in- 
tention of opening Bible woman's work 
there. It is important that I should be at 
XJngkung every Sunday to instruct the 
large crowds that assemble, and which I 
have preached to alone four hours each for 
several Sundays. Yet it appears that I 
should also be at So-lal on Sundays to ma- 
nipulate and instruct that large untrained 
audience, for I have only a Bible student 
there at present I am sorely pressed for 
assistant preachers. I am on double duty 
myself, which I would gladly perform if 
possible, and which I am trying to perform 
by making myself as ubiquitoun as possi- 
ble. Students for preachers and Bible 
women must be taught, as the latter are 
pressingly needed, and yet I am distress- 
ingly needed everywhere in the open field 

for direct preaching. We have for three 
years been preaching all about here^ and 
praying that God would open out a broad 
way for us. He has done it before we were 
ready for it. We never thought of His 
putting us *'on a boom." I teach in the 
forenoon and at night, and go out with the 
Bible students to preach in the afternoon; 
but I long to get out farther, about the 
other chapels and their communities, where 
my superintendence and preaching are 
greatly needed. 

I want to open a station in a town of 
10,000 Inhabitants. My meager appropria- 
tion will not cover these extras, but I am 
going to include them if I have to scratch 
for the money myself, for I cannot let (}od's 
opportunities pass by, for what would He 
think of me? But for my own conscience* 
sake, they shall not pass by if I can prevent 
it; and for my own heart's sake I take 
these opportunities, whatever the cost to 
myself, for I love to lead the benighted 
heathen into the light of God's great salva- 
tion. Only send me a missionary, and I 
have no more to ask at present. Ton say 
you cannot. I know you cannot, but "all 
things are possible to him that believes." 
When Christ would revolutionize and trans- 
form the world He sent out but twelve or 
thirteen men who were not superior to 
others, and they turned the world upside 
down and well-nigh accomplished the work 
in one generation. They took the nations by 
the ears and faced them about What's the 
matter now? Are Christians harder to 
take by the ears than the heathen? The 
building of a house of which I wrote, let 
it go, and everything else I may have 
written, but send me a missionary, a good, 
earnest, common-sense man. I appreciate 
the financial situation, and the Committer 
has my sympathy, my prayers, yea, my 
tears, and shall have my money; but still 
the impossible can be accomplished, for 
"Nothing is impossible with God." 


AT the conference on Systematic Beneficence held in the First Baptist Church, 
Boston, one of the most helpful and inspiring sessions was the hour devoted 
to the Open Parliament. It was conducted by Rev. Everett D. Burr, pastor 
of the Ruggles Street Baptist Church of Boston, who had taken great care to secure 
testimonies from many eminent givers as to their personal experience in systematic 
giving. Some of the verbal testimonies have been referred to elsewhere, and we 
are permitted by Mr. Burr to present here the letters of several gentlemen who laid 
aside their usual modesty to testify to the goodness of God that others might know 
of the blessing he had given upon their faithful stewardship. These letters are too 
good and too promising of blessing to be confined to a single audience. 

From B. F. Dennisson, Esq., of Philadelphia, Secretary avd IVeaaurer of the Com- 
mission on Systematic Christian Beneficence. 

Because of my deep interest in the work of the Commission I depart from my usual 
custom and give a little personal experience. A number of years since I was led to 

adopt a plan of systematic giving. I determined to devote at least 
GIVING IJETTKK one-tenth of my income to charitable an(i religious work. During 
THAN GAINING, this time my income has steadily increased, and I find it a great pleas- 
ure and privilege to be able to contribute to the Lord's work. There 
is also a sweeter sense of dependence upon Grod than ever before. Everything I have 1 
received as from God. Knowing the value of money, and the struggle men are every- 
where making to obtain and keep it, I have learned that its proper use is of vastly greater 
importance than its acquisition. I am quite certain that those who will set apart regu- 
larly some portion of their gains for God will find it a great blessing. 

Philadelphia, Pa. B. F. Dennisson. 

From Stephen Greene, Esq., Newton Centre, Mass., Vice-President of the 
American Baptist Home Mission Society, and member of the Commission on 
Systematic Christian Beneficence. 

If I were permitted to be present at the *' Open Parliament" I should be glad to 
express the conviction I have that the disciple of Christ who fails to recognize his obliga- 
tion as a steward in the use of the means God has given him has 
GIVE BKCAUSK certainly missed the highest ideal of Christian duty, and he who has 
it is ri(;ht. denied himself the privilege of Christian giving has missed one of the 

greatest luxuries. I believe we should give from principle, regularly 
and systematically, a proportion of our income, because it is right. I also believe we 
should give at times when we are moved to do so by some' appeal and because we feel 
like it. To omit the former would jeopardize our great missionary enterprises; to neg- 
lect the latter would deprive us of experiences that sweeten our lives. I am grateful to 
God that I have known a little of the privilege of Christian Beneficence. 

Very sincerely, 
Newton Centre, Mass. ' Stephen Greene. 

PersancU Testimonies 66 

Prom W. D. Chamberlain, Esq., Dayton, Ohio. 

I commenced when my income was small to set aside a tenth to help 
A word for carry on the Lord's work. There has heen a steady increase in the 
YOUNG MEN. amount I could turn into the Lord's treasury. It became a pleasure for 

me to answer the calls that came. The more I turned into His treasury 
the greater seemed the need and the smaller seemed the amount put in. I thought 
much on the subject, and wished the amount under my control was larger. One morning 

when I had been thinking of the need and wishing I had more to handle, 

GOD SUPPLIES I arose and looked at a book lying upon my table. My eyes rested on 

ALL NEED. these words: "My Grod shall supply all your needs." This promise 

has been faithfully kept. As my income increased I startled some of 
my friends by the amounts I was enabled to turn into the treasury. Once, my good 
mother, not understanding from whence the money came and whose it was, said, " You 
give away too much." But I would not take back a single penny. I look upon what I 
have used to help promote Christ's kingdom in the earth as saved from any possible loss. 
It is blessed to give, but it is not blessed to stop giving. I can take little pleasure in 
past work if I am not working to the measure of my ability now. 

I commend to any Christian young man the tithing of his income. It costs a 
struggle to say, " I will put in the Lord's treasury a tenth of my gross income." But it 

is a principle which, if adopted, will do as much toward a young 

METHOD IN GIVING man's success, as anything he can do. Yes, I think more. If he 

MEANS METHOD is methodical in this he necessarily becomes methodical in his life 

IN BUSINESS. work. In my own case, if I was to give a tenth of my inconje, it 

was necessary for me to know what my income was, and so I took 
an inventory of my worldly possessions, which amounted at that time to S121.48 (as my 
books show). I opened up a double entry set of books, which I still keep, and those 
books show where every dollar I received came from and how I have used it. I can tell 
what it cost me for board, clothing, washing, traveling and various other incidentals, 
until I was married, and since that the expenses pertaining to housekeeping during all 
those years. I affirm that a course of this kind will prove beneficial to any young man. 
By adopting this many young men would raise themselves from a state of perpetual in- 
solvency to a state of independence, and the Lord's work would prosper and their souls 
grow fat. * Sincerely yours, 

Dayton, Ohio. W. D. Chamberlain. 

From Edward 8. Wilkinson, Esq., North Adams, Mass., Cashier of the Adams 
National Bank, 

I can only say that from the teachings of Grod's word as I understand them, I have 
felt that I was one of the Lord's stewards, and under the most sacred obligation to be 

faithful and true. In the matter of Christian giving, I have felt it my duty 
joy and to contribute to the Lord's treasury, with a good degree of regularity, at 
blessing, least ten per cent of my income, and I have found great joy and blessing in 

so doing. I wish every Christian would adopt and practise the plan of 
regular and systematic giving, as the Lord has prospered them. I am sure it would cause 
a growth in grace, bring joy to them and result in great advancement to the Master's 
cause. Sincerely yours. 

North Adams, Mass. E. S. Wilkinson. 

56 Personal Testimonies 

Fbom William P. Houston, D. D. 8., Rugoles Street Church, Boston. 

For nearly three years my wife and I have practised systematic giving; and, what 
was formerly at best only spasmodic and occasional, has now become a joyful daily habit, 
and every hour's labor is sweetened by the thought that of each day's eam- 
A joyful ings the Lord shall have a share for his own uses. Somehow the dollars 
HABIT. have taken on a new value since we took the Lord into partnership; and 
there is a perpetual joy in giving when we realize that it is first of all God's 
gift to us. I pray that great good may be done by these meetings, and that much inter- 
est may be awakened in the cause of Christian giving. The door of blessed privilege is 
open for the people. Why will they not enter in? 

This motto I raise, — '^ Method the Soul of CHving,^^ 

Yours in Christian love, 
Roxbur}', Mass. Wm. P. Houston. 

From John H. Chapman, Esq., Chicago, President of the Baptist Young Peoples 
Union of America. 

I firmly believe that when the heart is wholly consecrated to the Master we stop 

thinking about the duty of giving, and just giye because we love to give; not a little 

grudging offering, but all that we can persuade ourselves we can possibly 

LOVE spare. Still, we must have a law around which our impulses to give may be 

TO GIVE, centred, lest we become a tool of everj' eloquent appeal that presents itself, 

or lest our love of self-indulgence overtakes us unawares, or lest our gifts be 

all bestowed upon one cause to the exclusion of others quite as worthy. 

First, I believe we should all face the command of the Apostle: '' Lay by on the first 
day of the week as God hath blessed. '^ And I take that to mean, on the day that your 
income reaches you lay by a proportion of it for your gift to God. As to whether that 

proportion shall be one-tenth or nine-tenths depends upon circum- 

GiVTNG BRINGS Stances that vou should settle with vour Master. Then from this fund 

BLESSING. give to oach of the causes that need your regular support; your own 

church, your home mission, foreign missions, and miscellaneous chari- 
ties. This habit established in the life of our young converts would soon do away with 
the needless and expensive means of collecting money that have become so prevalent, 
and, moreover, the life of the giver would be blessed in three ways: 
First, by a growing love of the privilege of giving. 

Second, by the deepened interest in the cause to which contributions were made. 
Third, by the blessing of God, who has promised to increase the gift we offer Him, 
and send it back to us. It may be in money, or it may be, what is still better, in spiritual 
blessings that no money could purchase from us. 

Yours ver>' trulv in service, 
Chicago, Illinois. .John H. Chapman. 

From Deacon Mial Davis, Fitchburg, Mass. 

I feel a little hesitancy in writing this, but I must do it to the glory of God. I owe 
to my dear father and mother — long since with the angels — the first lessons in Christian 

giving. They gave to God until it hurt. They worked and saved 

TAUGHT BY to give. About fifty years ago I came under the ministration of 

father, mother, Rev. Dura D. Pratt of Nashua, N. H., who had the Missionary 

PASTOR. Concert of Prayer. I well remember how Mr. Pratt would urge 

A Jok^ul Day at Kityang 57 

the members of the church, especially young men, to statedly bring their offering for 
missions. Soon I found myself giving a fourpence — six and one fourth cents — at 
each conceri:,and a little later a ninepence — twelve and a half cents — then 25 cents, 
50 cents, $1.00, so increasing to, I think, up to $20 and more per month at the 
missionary concert later in life. In the meantime, Mrs. Davis and myself signed a 
written covenant that we would endeavor to give one-tenth of our income, which I have 
tried to do conscientiously up to the present time. I owe the formation of this whole- 
some Bible rule of proportionate giving to my pastor at Nashua. Dear Father Pratt 
built wiser than he knew. I was a mechanic then, working at the bench, and gave $100 
of my hard earnings to build the present house of worship in Nashua. I had fifteen or 
twenty years of prosperity in business, and I increased the proportion of my giving to 
fifteen and twenty per cent, and upward, and was enabled, by God'd goodness, to give 
away more than $50,000 in the forty-five years since the signature of the covenant 
referred to above. In 1876 I lost all my property — home, business and health, but Mrs. 
Davis and myself kept up the tithing of one-tenth at least, besides Free-will Offerings. 

I shall not have time or opportunity this side of Heaven to tell how this plan of giv- 
ing has strengthened my Christian life, and afforded me so much joy and gladness all 
through life. The devil has had to keep his hands off from all the money thus laid aside 
for Goil and humanity. 

\' What I gave that I kept, 
What I kept that I lost." 

This matter of giving has identified me with the best agencies of the Christian 
world, to save men and build up the Kingdom of our blessed Christ. This '' Inheritance 
of the Saints " the world could not take away, and it is an unspeakable joy to me, and 
shall be down the eternities. Yours for Christ's, sake, 

Fitchburjr, Mass. M-ial Davis. 


KITYANG became a full mission station only last year, but has before been occu- 
pied as an out-station of Swatow. The name has been variously 8f)elled, Kitie, 
Kiet-Ine, and Kityang, and the latter has been adopted because it more nearly 
represents the Mandarin pronounciation. Dr. Ashmore has taken great interest 
in Kityang and it had become the most important branch of the Swatow Mission. 
Dr. Anna K. Scott had also begun a good medical work at Kityang. The increasing 
importance of the field led Dr. Ashmore to give the land, provided a house for the 
permanent residence of a missionary could be built. 11,000 for this purpose was 
given by Col. Lucius B. Marsh and Mrs. Marsh of the Warren Ave. Baptist Church. 
The bouse was built and first occupied last year by Miss Jennie M. Bixby, M. D., 
to whom Dr. Scott had given over the medical work at Kityang. Dr. Bixby was 
soon joined by Rev. Jacob Speicher and wife who have labored with diligence in 
the evangelistic work. God has crowned the new station with early and remarkable 
blessing as the following report from from Mr. Speicher most interestingly testifies. 
Let us thank God and take courage at this fresh illustration of the power of God 
among the heathen. 

A Joyful Day at IHtyang 

Tbe work at Httraag during the past 
three montba has been more than encour- 
asing. Almost every Snndar we Mve such 
present in our meetings aa wish to be en- 
rolled as persons expected to attend our 
rellKlotia servfees everj Sunday In order to 
be lostmcted In the Christian truth. Tbej 
all promise then and tbere to bare nothing 
to do wltb Idolatrous worship. Since our 

to the name of the Triune Ood. In all SB 
persons had applied for baptlam. W* 
would, however, rather be too careful thas 
too careless in the examination of candi- 
dates. The 14 men that were put off con- 
tinue to attend the meeting every Sunday, 
thus giving evidence, as far as It goes In 
China, that they are not' far from the 
Kingdom of QoA. 


arrival at KItyang— not quite a yeai^-over 
130 persons have been thus enrolled. We 
never enroll any one's name until be has 
attended the services regularly for one 
month at least 

October 5tli was a red letter day for us 
at KItyang, Eleven men nere baptized in- 

I rojolce in the work of evangelization. 
Since the cool season has set in I have gone 
out with my preachers into the surround- 
ing towns and villages to have the gospel 
preached to the poor unfortunate aoula. 
We visit from six to twelve towns or vil- 
lages every week. We are always received 

The Monthly Missionary Concert 


with the greatest kindness. We have 
opened a new station at Lan Kng» a very 
large place about seyen miles from Kit- 
yang. The prospects are very bright at 
that place. Over 70 men have been en- 
rolled who wish to be instructed every 
Sunday. Plans are being arranged by which 
they hope to build a chapel at their own 
expense. In many ways it seems to me 
that the prophecy of Isaiah 54 : 2, "En- 
large the place of thy tent, and let them 
stretch toyth, the curtains of thine habita- 
tions, spare not, lengthen thy cords, and 
strengthen thy stalces/' is fulfilled concern- 
ing the work of evagelization in the Kit- 
yang district Our work is not distinc- 
tiyely pioneer work, although many Til- 
lages have never heard the gospel. Never- 
theless the work has a good beginning. 
Doctor Ashmore and Mr. Ashmore have 
worked this field from Swatow. The work 
is built on the firm rock of gospel truth. 
Dr. Ashmore had established several sta- 
tions at the most strategical points. The 
work accomplished certainly gives evi- 
dence of the work of the Holy Spirit. We 
praise God for all this, and our prayer is 

that we also may be able to carry on the 
work in this district under the direction 
of the Holy Spirit 

Another important branch of our work 
at Kityang is the hospital work. Our aim 
is to win every soul for Christ that enters 
the hospital. Doctor Bixby is a firm be- 
liever in healing the body in order to open 
the way for the poor unfortunate people to 
receive even a much greater blessing, the 
healing of the soul. If the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society of the West sustain Doctor 
Bixby in the gradual expansion and growth 
of this hospital, it will undoubtedly develop 
into one of the most important hospitals 
in southern China. Doctor Bixby often 
treats over 125 patients in one day. In fact 
she has- treated over 200 in one day. Who 
can estimate the good that .*s being done 
in this work? Mrs. Speicher and her Bible 
women work among the women who come 
to the hospital; many are thus led to trust 
in the living God. 

In all we rejoice that God has placed us 
in this important centre. We earnestly ask 
you to pray for us, in order that we may- 
grow with this work. 



AT the last annual meeting of the Board 
of Managers of the Missionary Union, 
the following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, "That a committee of this 
Board be now ^pointed to report next 
year concerning the condition of the 
churches as to holding stated meetings for 
prayer, and study about missions." 

As this is a subject upon which for 
many years I have had much thought, and 
concerning which I have had wide oppor- 
tunity for observation, I venture, without 
awaiting the report of such committee, to 
give to the readers of the Magazine the 
results of my own study and observation in 
regard to it 

That such meetings are desirable, and in 
the present crisis of the great work, vastly 

important, needs no argument This is a 
time when not to advance in missions is to 
ingloriously retreat For such advance, it 
is my firm conviction that there is no one 
factor more important, or practical than 
the revival and maintenance of the "stated 
meeting for prayer and study about mis- 

Just when, where, or by whom the 
"Monthly Missionary Concert of Prayer for 
Missions" was inaugurated is somewhat 
obscure. It seems to have been a spon- 
taneous outgrowth of interest, and enthu- 
siasm in the early days of the modem mis- 
sionary enterprise, when about it there 
was to some extent a halo of novelty and 
romance. That it marvelously helped the 
cause, no student of the history of mis- 


The MontlUy JGssionary Concert 

sions can doubt. How it came so generally 
to be dropped out was due more to changes 
that occurred in church work than to lack 
of interest on the part of pastors, and 

At first it was held on Monday evening 
after the first Sunday in the month. As 
most churches had also a week evening 
prayer meeting it' came to be difficult to 
secure a large attendance at two meetings 
in the week. Then it was very generally 
transferred to Sunday evening, the preach- 
ing services being almost universally in the 
morning and afternoon. But when the 
afternoon preaching service was changed 
to the evening, that change largely dis- 
placed the Sunday evening Missionary 
Concert, and it usually survived only where 
it was transferred to the weekly prayer 
meeting after the first Sabbath in the 

In this article I shall consider two points: 
How may the Missionary Concert be re- 
vived where it has dropped out or intro- 
duced where it has never existed; and How 
may interest in it be awakened, and main- 

First. How shall the Missionary Concert 
be revived or inaugurated. 

In this, as in eveo' other work there 
must be leadership by some person in 
whose mind and heart such an object takes 
form, awakens interest, and arouses a de- 
termination, and I unhesitatingly declare 
that tlie pastor is the divinely appointed 
leader, with whom the opportunity and 
ability is left, and upon whom the respon- 
sibility docs, and must mainly rest in this 
case. The district secretary also can, and 
gladly will counsel, encourage and help, but 
the leadership must, and will devolve upon 
the pastor. He can do it if he will. 

How shall the pastor inaugurate the 
Monthly Missionary Concert? In the same 
way that Horace Greeley said our nation 
should resume specie payments. **The way 
to resume, is to resume." The way for a 
pastor to have a missionary concert is to 
hate it. He need ask no person's counsel 
or consent. Should he do so, some might 
oppose, more would be faint-hearted and 
discourage him. Every Baptist church ex- 

pects its pastor to be the leader of its 
prayer meetings. The church concedes to 
the pastor the right of selecting such 8crii>- 
ture lesson, making such comments and 
praying for such subjects as he chooses; 
and also asking the people to follow him in 
such prayers, or remarks. In every church 
some will be found who will follow the 
pastor's leading, and many a pastor will be 
surprised to find that his people had more 
ifiterest in missions than he had supposed 
and some of them more than he had him- 
self. In many a church have I heard the 
earnest desire expressed that the pastor 
would devote more attention to missions. 

At first it may be necessary for him to 
perform most of the work of study, and 
giving instruction, but he will soon find 
men or women who will willingly read 
or report some missionary information 
which he may have furnished them. All 
this, of course, requires work, but so does 
everything else that is worth the doing, and 
resources and helpers will be developed as 
the good work goes on. 

Second. How shall the pastor sustain inter- 
est in such meetings f 

1. He must sustain interest in his own 
mind and heart, and this he will certainly 
do if he will avail himself of the means of 
information within his reach. The Bible 
read and studied from a missionary stand- 
point, and our own missionary publications 
will fill and keep full any man who will 
conscientiously improve them. The more 
any person learns about missions, and the 
more he does for missions the more interest 
he will have. This writer gave twenty- 
three years to tlie study and preaching of 
missions, and with unflagging interest to 
the end. Sometimes very weary in the ser- 
vice, but not of the subject. 

2. By availing himself of the results of 
the studies and labors of the Woman's Mis- 
sion Circle. 

Several years since the writer was very 
deeply impressed that the results of the 
studies of the few faithful women who 
meet to pray, read, and converse in their 
own little circle should be brought out 
for the benefit of the church and congrega- 
tion. In associations, and wherever oppor- 



tanity would allow, ^I urged upon pastors 
an effort in that direction. 

Our own church in Cortland, N. Y., under 
the lead^^hip of Dr. H. A. Ck>rdo, furnishes 
an example. The pastor had inaugurated a 
monthly missionary concert, not by asking 
anybody's advice, consent or approval, but 
by simply having it. Under his leadership 
the missionary meeting became the largest 
meeting of the month, and the interest is 
still sustained. Carefully and ably pre- 
pared papers, which had, in the Circle, been 
read to fifteen or twenty ladies, were 
brought out and read to one or two hun- 
dred people, and the church learned with 
surprise of the talent possessed by persons 
previously almost unknown. In addition to 
these papers, fine selections have been 
read, usually by young ladies; recitations 
in prose and verse; specially appropriate 
music by the congregation; quartettes and 
solos, and all interspersed with earnest 
prayers in behalf of missions and mis- 
sionaries, have rendered these meetings of 
great interest and profit. The people would 
be very unwilling that the Monthly Mis- 
sionary meeting should be discontinued. 

"But," says the pastor of a church of 
fifty members, **that is all very well for 
Cortland, or any other large church, but 
how about the small churches with widely 
scattered membership, and not more than 
ten or twenty at any prayer meeting?'* 
Well, interest your ten or twenty, and they 
may prove to be the Elijahs on the mount; 
in answer to whose prayers copious show- 
ers of blessing may fall upon the Israel of 

If you cannot secure a large attendance 
at your weekly prayer meeting, take a 
Sunday evening for a missionary concert. 
A larger congregation can be gathered in 

a country or village church at a concert 
than almost any other service, and you may 
just as well have an interesting and draw- 
ing mii^sionary concert as a Sunday School 
concert. Secure one or two ladies of the 
Mission Circle to read the papers they have 
prepared and read to their circle. Get two 
or three young persons to recite or read 
some missionary selections in prose, or 
verse. Ask some brother or sister to read 
up, furnishing them the material, and re- 
port upon some missionary's life and work, 
or on some mission field, what has been 
done, with what results and prospects. 
Secure the best music you can, and have 
plenty of it. Give a short, bright address 
yourself. Just as though you believed in, 
and loved this work. Occasionally ask your 
district secretary to visit you, to preach on 
missions in the morning, and give a popu- 
lar address upon some phase of the work 
in the evening. District 8t>cretaries like to 
be invited to make such visits, and do such 
work. They will try to go anyway, but it 
is better to be invited as though they are 
really wanted. Experience enables the 
writer to speak feelingly here. Then call in 
a returned missionary when you can, or 
some young man or woman under appoint- 
ment as a missionary. In such ways avail 
yourself of all possible helps, and you can- 
not fail; and yoiu* own people, missionaries 
on their far-away fields, and happy con* 
verts in heathen lands, or in the dark 
places of our own laud will "Rise up and 
call you blessed." 

Brethren, will you do it? 

You can do it if you will, God bless you, 
and prosper you in the great work, and if 
not before, we will hope to meet and talk 
it over on the other shore. 



AS one stands upon the nortliem border 
of Tonquin, at the point where France 
and China Join, there is little to attract 
attention or mark the fact that here is 
one of the points where Western pressure is 

being brought to near upon the excluslve- 
ness of the Chinese. 

The muddy waters of the Red River roll 
carelessly along to the South, while from 
the east a little clear water stream Joins 



the larger river and marks the true bound- 
ary. On one side Is a little compact vil- 
lage of Chinese (many of them from Can- 
ton) called Hslnfang ("new house") on the 
other Is the once white wall of a French 
fort with the few dependent streets of Lao 
Kal ("old street") and all begirt with a 
waste of Jungle of the richest variety. 

Lao Elal aflTords an excellent point from 
which to view the present position of af- 
fairs along the Chinese southern border. 

To the east is the long frontier line ex- 
tending across two large provinces, thus 
giving the French many points of access to 
a valuable country; to the south and 
southeast are the French possessions of 
Tonquin, Annam and Ck>chin-China, while 
to the west lies the newly-acquired terri- 
tory under the recent treaty with England, 
that brings the French up to the Mekong 
River and thus into contact with the Brit- 
ish on the eastern frontier of Burma. 

The interest for the political student lies 
in this grouping of competing forces, the 
rivalry between the French and English 
in their coercion and commercial develop- 
ment of this section of China, and the 
astute diplomacy of the uncertain Chinese, 
whose apparent interest lies in friendship 
for each rival and concession to neither, 
though such may be forced from her by 

But how great soever may be the inter- 
est politically (and political developments 
have undeniably a large influence on mis- 
sionary work) this region holds a more 
vivid interest for the student of mission 
work and progress. 

A brief survey commencing with Burma 
on the Bay of Bengal, a field unsurpassed 
in promise and fruitfulness, the home of a 
vigorous and growing church: then across 
the Salwen and its adjoining mountain 
ranges, to the valley of the Menam. the im- 
portant sphere of the Presbyterian Mission, 
now pressing northward into the Laos 
country, and yet again farther eastward 
to the French possessions of Indo-China, 
a large territory as yet a stranger to evan- 
gelical mission work, affords large ground 
for reflection. 

Into the undefined and hitherto debat- 

able country lying between Burma, Slaiii» 
Tonquin and China, now divided between 
France and England (In which division the 
latter did not get the lion's share), thm 
home of various and strange peoples, full 
of ethnological problems and posslbllltlefl^ 
the Missionary Union Is advancing acron 
the Shan States to find, we hope, a door of 
entrance to the wider regions, on the east. 

The splendid foundation already laid In 
Burma, should prove to be but the begin- 
ning of an ever-increasing work, as endur- 
ing as it is extensive. 

It is worthy of remark that the west^n 
half of this Indo-Chinese peninsula con- 
tains some of the most productive fi^ds 
of evangelical missions, Burma under 
British rule and Siam governed by a king 
of its own, while all the eastern half under 
French control has no mission but those 
of the Catholic church. 

Perhaps Tonquin has not received the 
attention it deserves from evangelical 
Christians. Its situation, its readiness of 
access, its extensive population and grow- 
ing importance are not fully recognized. 

The people are smaller physically and 
less civilized socially than their neighborfc 
the Chinese. Centuries of political servi- 
tude and uncertainty have operated to In- 
duce a shyness in them that one sometlniea 
longs to see produced in a modified form 
among the Chinese. 

The present development of the province 
is not very marked of speedy, being char- 
acterized by the instability and dilatorj 
methods current in French colonial admin- 

From our first contact with the genial 
commandmant of the fort at Lao Kal till 
the time of our departure from Haiphong* 
we were ever conscious of the presence and 
functions of the military. There seemed 
to be some suspicion of us that somewhat 
interfered with our plans so that Instead 
of traveling deck passage on the single pas- 
senger boat running between Lao Kal and 
Yenbai, it was only after a brisk exchange 
of telegrams that our passage was secured 
and no option of class was left to us. we 
must go by saloon at the rates fixed at 


Tbe little iteamer pnlTed out Into the 
rirer and tor tbe wbole day'a run wc 
■eemed to be far more at the mercy of tbe 
stream thaa we had t>eeu In tbe Cblnese 
rowboat. Tbe captain was an Annainese. 
tbe onl7 French officer t>elng the commls- 
HUre who took no charge of navigating. 

We sometimes were twirling round in tbe 
current, sometimes scraping gravel shoals 
and sometimes bmshing In tbe Jungle 
gnw at tbe river aide but at length we 
made tbe end of tbe Brat stage at Yenbal. 
No town bad been passed, few natives 

called on tbe Catholic priest who Uvea la 
a little bouse in a pretty flower garden be- 
hind tbe nnflntabe<l cathedral. Attentive, 
even aollcltoua for our eoiufort. ho cnlled 
his boy to bring wine for our refreabment 
which being declined to bla regret aiid aur- 
prlse, because he renlly wlebcd to show 
hla good feellnK. he next had pr<Kluced a 
box of cigars, but these also were declined 
to Ills evident dtstreaa. Why wouldn't we 
take something? At length a happy 
thouglit struck bim, and leading us oat 
through the catlinlral be had tbe bell molt 

^ ♦.! 


^jj "" ^ 


1 ,.7 ', , , 


Men, and but for the military stations here 
and there we might have come through 
a land without Inhabitants, yet the people 
are there, awny back in tb>? Jungle; the 
years of uncertainty have led tbem to seek 
tbe secltuloD of tbe forest rather than 
eoan tbe attention of tbe tax gatberera or 

Tenbal has the beginnings of a town 
and li the cectre of a large dlatrict 

Haring bees presented to the command- 
ant and very conrteonsly scrutlnUed we 

viBorouBly run([ In order ttiat we rnlKht 
be ri^nilndttfl of its uaea and have nftiiorlea 
of home revived. 

It was an a'.-t of thoughtful courtesy aueh 
ai' rj''rhaiis only a Krenehmarj ciiild have 
thought of. 

The next atage was to Ilanol. the capital 
of Tonrjuln, a pretty little town built r'tund 
a miniature lake, the seat of a Catholic 
Blshopr!'- and the centre of colonial amh'.r- 

Tbe f. 

tTitry hsH U'l-J/ chang'-d entirety 



in aspect, the Jungle and the hills are left 
behind and the vessel glides through ca- 
nals and creeks across a perfectly fiat coun- 
try, well cultivated and populous. The 
tiny hamlets each with a Buddhist temple 
and a grove of beautiful bamboos shelter- 
ing the woven bamboo and straw houses, 
are scattered everywhere in this delta of 
the Red River. The appearance of the 
country suggests boundless agricultural 
wealth. The people do their farming much 
as the Chinese do. We saw them caring 
for their water buffaloes, or carrying 
home their harvest on their backs, men, 
women and children in the scantiest of 
wardrobes all engaged in the family call- 
ing in the fields. 

At last on the evening of the third travel- 
ing day we reached Haiphong, the port of 
Tonquin. The time from Lao Kal on the 
northern border to this, the only door to 
the province, is Just throe days of daylight 
traveling, coming down stream. 

Haiphong is not a thriving place so far, 
being largely in the hands of the official 
class, and guarded by an oppressive cus- 
toms law, which even the Chinese find a 
barrier to expanding trade. 

The policy towards the Chinese is one of 
careful repression. Every man has to 
register himself in the "congregation" of 
men coming from his home district. Thus 
there is a Canton "congregation/* and a 
Fukien, or Amoy or whatever place the 
visiting Chinese may happen to hail from. 

In each of these societies a list is kept 
of all the men from their respective places, 
a poll tax is levied on their coming and 
on tlioir leaving and no Chinese can leave 
the colony without a permit showing his 
identity which is also a receipt for this 

tax, a kind of good conduct voucher. In 
this way every Chinaman becomes hli 
brother's keeper. 

Piracy and brigandage have been very 
rife in Tonquin, and even now after ten 
years of occupation certain districts near 
the frontier of Canton are far from secure. 

But the march of events will compel the 
French to bring all the province into order 
and do more than they have in the past 
for the development and expansion of its 

The internal shipping trade of Tonquin 
is in the hands of one company subsidized 
by the government. Much had been said 
as to the cost of travel from Haiphong 
to Hongkong in the absence of competi- 

Our plan was to travel Chinese fare for 
the three days* run to the British port, 
but we found the Chinese stuffed away 
down in the hold among rice bags and 
empties, an almost impossible place. With 
some hesitancy we went up to see the 
owner— a liard grasping man the world 
calls him— to inquire about rates. He re- 
ceived us very pleasantly and soon plunged 
Into a vivacious account. In Inimitable 
broken English, of the trials of a ship- 
owner who has to deal with "those slip- 
pery Chinamen." Reaching at length the 
question of our visit he said to our utter 
surprise: "Well, you go Hongkong— well 
I charge you nothing for the passage, only 
you pay the captain for your •chow* *' 
("chow** is pidgin English for food); so our 
difficulty vanished and we learned anew 
tliat In remotest places and most pressing 
neeil the promise **Lo, I am with you," is 
still active — the Presence of the Deliverer 
and Guide. 





THe Telugu Mission 

Bev. J. Heinrichs 

Ramapataii, Not. 3, 1890 

The work in the Seminaxy is going on 
Katisfactorily. The mid-term written exam- 
ination just held has disclosed encouraging 
results. The boys work with a purpose and 
many are fired with holy enthusiasm. We 
have started a class in New Testament Greek 
for those who, on account of their previous 
training in the High school, are qualified to 
do extra work and profit by this study. The 
claas numbers 21 students including three 
teachers of our seminary and it is taught by 
myself. The 14 students who entered this 
year are of excellent quality. Our total num* 
ber is 117. The prospects for the future are 
exceedingly bright. I have already received 
intimation of a Brahman convert from Nel- 
lore coming, who has studied up to the F. A. 
examination. Another educated and con^ 
verted Brahmin desired to enter this year, but 
waa advised to wait till next July. We may 
have two or three converted Brahmins in next 
year's entering class who may want us to 
teach them in English. Two students of 
Sndra extraction are now studying in the Sem- 
inary. Two of the more promising boys of 
this year's graduating class have expressed a 
desire to pursue a post-graduate course in 
En^ish. The Lord will give us the wisdom 
necessary for every emergency. 

A recent visit from Dr. McLaurin to Ram- 
apatam to lecture to the students on the 
Christian church and ministry has been in- 
spiring to UB alL 

H. Brock 

Kasigtxi, 0<?t. 27, 1W« 

Great Enconrm^^cment. — During my re- 
cent tour among the Christians I was more 
encooraged than I have been since I came 
to the coantry. For a year past I have been 
actively preaching self-support and the seed 
secBis to have faQen in good ground. We 
haptlsfd forty-six in the different villages 
l e t e attj , tvcire beinc converts in new vil- 

lages among the Malas, and twenty from 
heathen Madigas, the rest being from the 
Christian population. I am more than happy 
to be able to report one hundred Mala con- 
verts in twelve villages. Besides this, people 
in about an equal number of Mala hamlets 
have declared themselves as desiring to be 
Christians. I was gladly surprised at the re- 
ception the Malas gave me in many villages. 
I might have baptized great numbers, but 1 
deem it wise to go slowly in receiving now 
members. One Sudra who I believe Is a 
Christian desired me to baptise him, but how 
he will live after being baptized is the quon- 
tion; and I, of course, cannot assure him that 
his rice will be forthcoming. I believe he will 
come soon. 

Rev. A. C. Fuller 

I*0DIU, Nor. 10, l»l»fl 

As far as our work is concerned the out- 
look is most encouraging. Last Sunday I 
baptized fifty-eight people from the chii'f 
Mala village of all my part of the field. 
Every household was repn>Mented by some 
one who gave good evidence of conversion and 
most of the elders and chief men of the vil- 
lage were among the number. Hinco thi'ir 
baptism they have learned what it is to bo 
ridiculed and suffer scofiing for the King- 
dom of Heaven's sake. They are l>earirig all 
this with a remarkably gr>od grace. For a . 
year these people have been under instrin*- 
tion and six months ago they first applie<l for 
baptism, but I have kept them bark till tli^^y 
might more fully know the duti^'S of Chris- 

Bev. A. Frisson 

A Victory.— It was a very pleasant duty 
to me when last Sunday, the 4th insf., I had 
to baptize two of our school children and our 
servant. The latter has been an ohjcH of 
our prayer ever since he came with n«i to 
Nalgonda. We knew that he had heard the 
truth, as it is in Jesus, years ago wh/'n a 
schoolboy, of our faithful Mr. CnmpUA in 



Secanderabad. The heathen father took hiB 
boy by force out of the mission school when 
he saw that the truth was at work in his 
boy's heart, but it was too late; though the 
boy lost sight of the truth for a while and 
lived in heathen darkness, the good seed was 
working. We have seen him struggle with 
the loTe to his parents and with the caste— 
that Satanic institution which keeps thou- 
• sands of belieyers from confessing Christ pub- 
licly—but he has won the victory. When the 
boy came into my study and asked for bap- 
tism I was just as happy as if it had been 
our own boy. 

Self -Support.— On Monday, the 5th, steps 
were taken in a public meeting to disconnect 
the pastors of our Mirialagoodam, Sooriapett, 
and Annarum churches entirely from the 
Missionary Union; what help is wanted to 
support the pastor is granted to the church. 
The Naigonda church is entirely independent 
of any money from the Union since the 5th 
of July, but these three receive more or less 
help at present, but we look at it as a neces- 
sary evil. 

December 7th. — Yesterday our hearts 
were gladdened by the confession of faith 
in Jesus Christ of five candidates. Many 
years* experience had taught them that the 
idols were of no good and that they had 
never had any benefit by worshiping them; 
but that Jesus Christ had taken away the 
load of sin and made their hearts glad. Such 
was their confession, and I need hardly say 
that it gave me new courage in the work 
and greatly inspired me. 

Mr. Wilson is touring in the Mirialagoodam 
and Sooriapett Taluk. He thinks the work is 
very encouraging everywhere. Our self-sup- 
port scheme is tried very hard by the great 
scarcity which is prevailing throughout our 
field; but every good work must be tried. 

Bev. D. Downie, D. D. 

Nkllobb, Oct. 27, 1898 
Troubles never come singly. I don't know 
that that saying is true, but it is true in this 
case at least With the coming of diminished 
appropriations there has come a sudden and 
considerable rise in exchange, which if con- 
tinued, will eat up a large portion of what 
you expected to save on appropriations. 

That is, it will cost you almost, if not quite as 
much, to purchase the number of rupees which 
you have appropriated, as it did last year to 
purchase the larger number of rupees. Of 
course this won't affect us directly, but it 
certainly will indirectly » for what effects yoo 
must affect us. What I could wish is that 
our people might be made to see that after 
all you will have to raise as much money as 
you did last year, even to hold your own, 
to say nothing of decreasing the debt of the 

The present rise in exchange has nothing 
to do with the Presidential election, or the 
price of silver, either present or prospective. 
Short crops, with more or less prospect of 
famine, and consequently a great reduction of 
imports and hence a greater demand for cash 
to meet foreign indebtedness, and less money 
to meet it, are the sole causes of the rise in 
sterling exchange. A week's delay in sellins 
my bills cost me Rs. 300, and if I had delayed 
a week longer it would have been double that 
amount. How far this will go on no one can 
tell, but I think it is quite safe to predict 
that the ten per cent reduction in appropria- 
tions will all be used up in this rise in ex- 

Bev. W. B. Boggs, D. D. 

Sboundkbabad, Oct. 29, 1896 
Light in Darkness.- 1 made a hurried 
visit to two places last week out on the rail- 
way eastward, Jungaon and Aler. At a vil- 
lage near the first place I introduced a teacher 
for whose coming the little band of Chris- 
tians there have been asking for some months. 
I pointed out to them that they ought to sup- 
port him, and I believe they will do so to the 
extent of their ability; that is, they will share 
their food with him. I will probably have to 
give him something for clothing. At the other 
village I had the pleasure of baptizing two 
women, who gave very satisfactory evidence 
of faith in the Lord Jesus. They have been 
ready for some time for this ordinance, but 
they had to come away from this village se- 
cretly to the place where we were, in order 
that they might not be prevented by the petty 
village ofiicials. Such is the oppression and 
persecution which these poor people suffer. 
After their baptism they returned to their 
homes rejoicing. 



The Meeting of December 7, 1896. FouiiTEEN Members Present. 

THE Treasurer reported that in the Southern China Mission last year $100 gold realized 
$184.30 Mexican. 
Mrs. O. L. George, formerly missionary in Burma, but for several years in charge of 
the missionary candidates^ House of the Woman^s Society, at Newton Centre, resigned as a 
missionary of the Union, as she is not proposing to return to Burma. The resignation was 

ifr. Irving O. Whiting of Boston was introduced to the Committee and stated that he 
had invited a number of laymen to meet at his house on Tuesday evening, December 8, to 
consider the financial condition of the Missionary Union and Home Mission Society, and in- 
Tited the officers of the Union and members of the Committee to be present. 

The Home Secretary presented a communication from the committee of the New York 
Conference of Missionary Officials regarding simultaneous missionary meetings for missions 
daring the month of January, and it was voted that the Committee approve of the move- 

A committee was appointed to confer with Mr. Wendell G. Corthell regarding the ter- 
mination of his contract for the publication of the Baptist Missionauv Ma(jazine. 

The Meeting of December 21, 1896. Fourteen Members Present. 

The Home Secretary gave a report of the Meeting of Baptist laymen of Boston and vicin- 
ity held on the evening of December 8 at the house of Mr. Irving O. Whiting, on Common- 
wealth Avenue, and presented the resolutions adopted by the conference recommending that 
an effort be made to raise the funds necessary to pay the debt of the American Baptist 
Missionary Union and the American Baptist Homo Mission Society. The committee ap- 
pointed to promote this movement was named as Chester W. Kingsley, Esq., of Cambridge, 
Samuel B. Thing, Esq., of Boston, Hon. Robert O. Fuller of Cambridge, Hon. James L. Howard 
of Hartford, Ct., and Hon. Julius J. Estey of Brattleboro, Vt. 

The committee on the Missionaby Magazine reported that Mr. Wendell G. Corthell 
had consented to surrender liis contract for the publication of the Magazine on very favorable 
terms, and recommended that the Union resume the control of the publication of the Maga- 
zine. It was voted that the report be accepted and the arrangements made be confirmed. 

A resolution was adopted expressing the Committee's appreciation of the cordial and 
generous manner in which Mr. Corthell has carried out his contract for the publication of 
the Magazine during the twenty years since the management has been in his hands. 

The Foreign Secretary stated that famine is impending in the Telugu mission field in 
India, and the work of the mission is made much more expensive and very distressing. 

A committee was appointed to consider the subject of the publication of the Baptist 
Missionary Magazine. 

The Meeting of January 4, 1897. Thirteen Members Present. 

The report of the committee on the publication of the Baptist Missionary Magazine 
was adopted, recommending that the size of the Magazine be increased to forty pages or 
more; that the price be fixed at $1.00 a year for single subscriptions; ten copies and less than 
^rty, or in clubs equal to five per cent of the church membership, 65 cents a year; thirty 
copies or more, or in clubs equal to ten per cent of the church membership, 50 cents a year, 
with the announcement that if the circulation of the Magazine should sufficiently increase, 
the price would be placed at an even figure of 50 cents a year. 

That free copies of the Magazine be sent to all the missionaries of the Union and to the 
reading rooms or libraries of all Baptist Educational Institutions, also sample copies to 
pastors of all Baptist churches in the Nortliern States for two months, beginning with the 
Febmary number. 

That an abstract of the proceedings of the Executive Committee be printed in the Maga- 
zine each month. 

That the Editorial Secretary be requested to assume the management of the publication 
of the Magazine. , 

68 Abstract of Proceedings of the Meecufive Committee 

Tlie report of the committee on the request ot the British and Foreign Bible Society for 
the publication of a new edition of the Burmaa New TeBtament with a traDsliteratloQ of th» 
word baptiio wa« adopted, supporting the reaolutlonH adopted by a conference of the Baptist 
mlBSionaiies In Burma: 

" Whereas, a letter of Rev. J. Sharp, Secretary of the British and Foreign Bible Society 
to the Bishop of Kangoon, dated August IJ, 1S95, and forwarded by tlie Bishop, states that u 
the Bishop Is unable to form a committee for the revision of the Uurman Xew Testament Id 
which Baptista will participate, the Uritlsli and Foreign Bible Society will proceed to the ro- 
vision and publication of the Burman New Testament witlioiit the Baptists, and 

" Whereas, all our past concessions, even the one su);gested by Dr. Wright, Secretary of 
the British and Forei^a Bible Society and accepted by us, of placing tlie transl iteration of 
baplizo and its cognates in brackets after the translation in the text, have never met with 
any response from tlie Bishop, and so the matter of an arrimgcment lias come to a " dead- 
lock," and 

" Whercaa, any committee formed in conjunction with the Bishop of Bangoon must btt 
on the basis of a change from the translation of baptizo and its cognates to -a transit teration 
or to the employment of a neutral word, and 

"Whereas, wo cannot conscientiously give up the translation of baptizo or any words in 
tlie Burman Bible where equivalents exist in the Burman language, and 

"Wliereas, we realize the confusion and doubt that must arise among the native Chris- 
tians of our churches if any sucli change should be made, 

" Benoheil., First. That we reaffirm our Inability to agree to any such clianges in the 
present version. 

" Second. Tliat wc beg that the Executive Committee of the American Baptist Mission- 
ary Union and tlie uhurcltes in America will Hupport us in this position and secure to their 
converts in Burma the full teaching of Ciiriat in doctrine and ordinances, as we believe that 
the Burman version iif Dr. Judson docs; and we further beg that they will see that the lield 
is furnished with an abundant supply of the Scriptures for wide distribution. 

"Third. The accompanying paper of Kev. D. L. Urayton essentially expresses the senti- 
ments of tlie Confci-ence. 

[RB80LIITION- .Skkt t 

[SHOP OF Rangoon.] 

"Resolved, That we, the ('onfcroDco of Baptist missionaries assembled in Rangoon, re- 
gret that we do not feel able to unite in .iny Committee of Itevision of the Burman New 
Testament which would contemplate any depai-ture from the ti-anslation of the term biiptlzo 
and its cognates as now used in Dr. Judsun's version.'' 

The Foreign Secretary preHented the following Resolution adopted by the Conference of 
Foreign Mis-sionary Oflicials at their meeting last January. 

" Resolved. That each Christian community shall bear some definite share of its proper 
congregational and school expenses, fairly representative of lt>i linancial ability, and report 
what it has done to the mission or missionary in charge, eacli yeai', before u furtlier grant Ik 
recommended." The resolution was adopted. 


^^i:::%--- ^fe-.'!^- 




W^ J^' 



[The reference! are to thi« 

L'Serrice of Song. 

2. Scripture and Prayer. 

3. Singing. 'Tell it out among tlie Nations." 

4. Between Burma and Assam, (p. 36.) 
1^ The Siberian Railway, (p. 39.) 

«. The World is Growing Smaller, (p. 40.) 

7. Rev. Lyman Jewett, D. D. (Let some 

one give a summary of his life from 
the account on p. 42.) 

8. Singing. **Ye Christian Heroes." 

9. Prayer. 


number of the Maoaziiik] 

10. The Famine Averted (p. 46.) Let the 

leader read the large type and assign 
to othei-8 the extracts.) 

11. Singing. 

12. Personal Testimonies to the Benefits of 

Systematic Beneflcience. (p. 54.) 
(Assign one letter to each reader.) 

13. A Prayer that was Answered, (p 49.) 

14. The Subject of Tithes, (p. 37.) 

15. A Significant Question, (p. 38.) 

16. Offering. 

17. Prayer, Doxology and Benediction. 



MAINE. $197.08. 

Hod«don Y. P. S. C. E $0 75 

Norway "h 2 

Ramfoni Falli Ist cb 5 2H 

SoaU Paris cb 12 00 

WajDc cb. (of wb. $2.S0 la 
fr. a member of Y. P. S. 

C. E.) 5 64 

Kdoz cb.. Mr. and Mrs. Job. 

C. Bryant 2 50 

Bmntwick. W. W. Nearin^r. 
for anp. "Mee Koo,'* care 

R«T. A. Banker 20 00 

Lincoln Aaiio., per J. H. 
Pmrthlle. Treas. (Amt. fr. 
former Treas. $2.^.27) : 
Warren cb., |6.88; Rock- 
part. 13.01 32 11 

Skowhegan. Betbany cb 33 00 

Bangor, 2nrt cb. B. Y. P. U. 

for native belper 15 00 

Bangor Ist cb 50 00 

Belfast 1st cb. Y. P. S. 

C. E 13 SO 

New Sweden Y. P. S. C. E. 5 00 


Concord, Sw. cb. for Congo 

MlM $20 00 

Lisbon. Mrs. A. B. Taft 5 00 

Pittaflekl cb 1 00 

Ke^oe. Y. P. 8. C. E. to ap- 
ply tow. sup. "Dala" 18 00 

Hampton Falls ch 15 01 

VERMONT, $173.51 

Vermont Central Asso.. Mrs. 

A. B. T. for the debt $100 00 

f^axton's River 8. S 10 00 

Burlington 1st cb. 8. 8. 

class No. 2 tow. sup. Potb- 

epogu Henry, care Rev. 

W. R. Manley 43 74 

5<o. Londonderry cb 3 27 

West Rutland cb 2 50 

St. Jobnsbnry, Mrs. J. M. 

Mitcbell 3 00 

Maocbester Centre, Rev. J. 

A. Swart tow. sup. Ma Mo 

Bwln. care Rer. J. E. 

Cas« 10 00 

St. Johnsbury, Rev. H. M. 
Douglas $1 00 

MASSACHUSETTS. $2,473 11. 

Woat Springfield lat cb ' 8 68 

Fltcbburg, Kev. L. Jewett. 

D.D.nnd wife for the debt li> <M) 

Winchester Ist oh 10 • 

Medfleld ch.. Chns. Dunn... 10(H) 
Lawrence, Second ch. tow. 

sup Rev. Thos. Adams, 

Congo ■ 175 00 

Oroton cb 2.1 00 

Webster Ist ch 25 oo 

Hoston. Tremont Temple ch. 

ft member for Rev. W, M. 

Upcraft's use at discretion 25 00 

"A Friend" 3 00 

Hft verhlll Ist oh 53 65 

•Charlestown. 1st oh. Y. P. 

S. C. E. tow. sup. Isaling, 

care Rev. W. H. Cossum.. 12 (X) 
Cambridge, lat oh. tow. 

Life Membership of G. J. 

Pierce 2 00 

Edgartown 1st oh 13 00 

Bolton ch. tow. the debt... 11 4.") 
Cambridge, J. S, Paine for 

the debt 500 00 

Hudson, Geo. H. Cass and 

wife tow, sup. Sab Kler. 

care Rev. A. Bunker 00 

Boston, Mrs. M. B. Cud- 

\>'orth 5 00 

No. Uxbridge oh 3o > 

PenlKHly. lat oh 12 I'O 

Fall River, Temple Y. P. S. 

C. E. tow. sup. Bu-tba, 

care Rev. D. A. W. Smith, 

Burma 10 00 

Lynn, East S. S. special for 

school of Mrs, J. L. Denr- 

Ing 10 00 

Fltchburg, Mlfll Davis tow. 

the debt IT* 00 

Springfield, Highland oh 2r. » 

Springfield, First ch .3H 7S 

I»well, 1st Bapt. S. S. for 

sup. two native prs, in 

Telugu field, care Dr. 

Clough 100 00 

Middleboro. Central oh 00 

Haverhill. 1st oh. B. Y. P. V. 12 00 

Charlestown, Bunker Hill ch. 

Y. P. S. tow. sup. nat. pr. 

nt K avail, 1 yr. to Oct. 

•06 $25 00 

FItohburg, "E. R. S." 6 00 

NN'oroester. a friend, tow. 

passftge expenses of Rev. 

A, V, B. Ci-umb and Rev. 

B. P. Cross 5 00 

Wenhnm B. Y. P. U 6 00 

Boston, Tabernacle oh. B. 

Y. P. Union 9 30 

Ijoug Plain. R. S. Braley... 1 00 
Berkshire Bapt. Asso., J. H. 

Bigger. Treas 9 25 

Wenhnm S. S 12 05 

.\niherat, a frlen<l, tow. 
passage of a man to go to 

Dr. Cross 16 00 

Blnoklnton, .Mnry B. Palmer 5 00 

Wllllmansett cb 2 00 

Weston oh 10 80 

Boston. ClaroiHlon st. oh... 100 00 
Franklin oh. Y. P. S. C. E.. 1 00 
.Maplewoo<l oh. Y. P. S. 
c. v.. tow. salary Mrs. 

M. B. IngHlls 7 00 

Maiden. 1st oh. Y. P. S. 
r. E. tow. salary. Rev. J. 

E. Cuminlnps 26 00 

North Adams, 1st ch. for 

sup. Sam'l Taree 50 00 

DIghton. 1st oh 3 60 

Dlghton. 1st oh. B. Y. P. U. 4 00 
Be<"ket. a Christmas ofl'ering 
fr. Mattle ?:. HarHss S. S. 

class 4 60 

Uosllndnle S. S. for sup. 
Tsns Han Kin. oai-e Rev. 
.1. S. Adams. Hanvans;.... f>0 00 
FItohburg. Highland Y. P. 

S. C. E 6 00 

Winchester. 1st oh 10 00 

Oxford, Mrs. Wm. Foster... 5 00 
Boston. Claren<lon st. oh., 
Uev. W. E. Witter tow. 
sup. of Rev. F. P. Hag- 
gard. Assam 26 00 

Bemardston. Mary E. 
Green, "where most need- 
ed" 6 00 

Blllerica lat ch 147 

Brockton, Warren Ave. ch.. 1 00 

LoiTsU, InnnnDQCI eh. ta up- 
ply law. inp. "Oaddtl* 

UBdmud' i:i....y.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'. so 00 

mislDiUTT Id Bnrdiii 00 00 

01i»rlE»ton. HI eh. Y. P. a, 

C. B. tow. lap. TullD(, 
nrs ScT W. B. Oowom, 
Cblm ........ UOO 

Kanli Tewkibiirr, isteb... M OS 

nieblnirg, HishUd<i S. a... 10 00 

Lawnncc. mt eb. S. S SS 00 

Womctcr, PlMMnt St. ch. IB S3 

JamiilH Flolu cH. <ot wh. 
ITS 1> fr, Y. P. S. C. E.).. 2S0 80 

rem c6 10 76 

B»lod. TiberliBi^lE Cb 118 00 

BcwlOD,*^ Cliireqilo'n Bt.'VbV, 

dtacreHon BOO 

Oblnpee FaJlVsVa! '''cbrlirt- 

maa glff IS 00 

UwnjDoe, l»t cb 10 »« 

BcadStig. lal ch TO 4S 

Band ...' m IB 

NaMck, Ht cb 8842 

BoatoD, ClarendoD Bt. cb. 

T. P. 8. C. B. to*. aalaiT. 

BCT. Thoa. Hill 136 00 

PrQililpncp, Cenlml ob (101 OO 

sin Kw. care Dr. A.' 

ProTldence.' Stemrt' Bt. ' eb! 

T. P. B. C. B J6O0 

Pawtniet, Ura. U. Detaner 

BnUtli B 00 

Kewpon. c*Pt™ich 6a OS 

P(i>iWen«. Ill cb. w eoa- 

■ttlnlc Mr. Warreo Far- 

Collega. can B«t. J. N, 

CaablDi lOO 00 

Knnb KliigBtnn. lai ;b.... 60 

"loTs^'fur worlTiinConp) > » 
ProTldeDn. From a trlaad. . B 00 
JameatowD, T. P. 9. C. B. 

UoiiilD. can Rbt. B. Q. 

Pbllllpi, Aaaam T SO 

Navport, lit cb U 81 

AlICDlOD B. S I 40 

FntldciKa. CranatoD at. 

B. B 18 75 

r«nlr>l FaUi, B'nid SI. cb.' IS 64 

a. OmDirlcb, lat cb 7 00 

Wimn ch 97 87 

CONNBCnCOT, |M«.74. 

Banfonl. "a friond" t20 00 

Norwlcb. Ceotral cb. Hra. J. 

D. Hcit tow, aiiD. B. p.... IB 00 

Bnmi'M. Emt cb lis 00 

DaDlalBon cb.. Ura. Betaax 

E. BaTlB. 2BO0 

HarttOK], Sw. cb II 81 


Pntnam eb.. Oao. U. llaiaa..)100 ( 
Saaiald» iHt cb. apectal 
Zmaa oBerlag 18 1 

NEW TORE, t!l,22T.2S. 

Ooboaa, B. T. F. C 18 1 

Wbalar Pand eb. uul Ear. 

8. H. Wblta »< 

Albanr. Un. Fiascea B. 

Brook! tow. aup. oat- pr. 

can of Un. U. B, Inftlli, 

Bnrfoa 100 i 

Mr. JobD a. IIwkffenEr. 20,000 ( 
AlbaDj, Tabamacla cb. 

B. T. P. D 7 ( 

BOMlck cb. 6 E 

Rwtaealer, Geo. D. Qui], 

•pedal tor nilaalon wctk. 

cm BcT. Tboa. Moody of 

^r tbe^DMOf Hn^ B. W. i 

Claik) 100 00 

QniiTlUa cb. T. P. B. C. B. 

"Cbrlatmaa affarlni" 10 00 

JirmHtomi, 111 cb.. 78 8) I 

rBDonii, UarmDDf ch 8 Be , 

W'cil Henrietta cb. for Y. 

P. MlMi. AlUancD or Uon- 

RuBalo. Cedar* St. cb 88 02 

Tlurlalo, Proapsct A»e. 8. S. 18 20 
Now Yofk Cltr. lat ch. B. 

Sbwwlchai. care at' Rtt' 

New York Cltr." ' ci'ntral 
3. a. aup. n. pr. Po-Taa- 
Seng. can B«t. W. Uc- 
Klbben 18 00 

New Yurk CltJ. Mt MorrtB 
3. S. ta%v. educ.tlnD of 
girl, caw Re., E. Cnula.. SO 00 

Ut. Uorrla S. S. Dr. T. F. 
amitb'i Bible dau for , 

•np. nat. pr Ten-potl.... as 00 I 

New York City, Betb Eden 
8. 8 

Nev Yoi^ CIlT, MM PaytOD 

ro'nghv^p°ic, 1.1 cb! y:'p. 

S. C. E. low. alP. E«T, J. 

Spelcher 26 00 

Hondonl, Worn at. Y. F. 8. 

H. MoHer.' ....'.... SO 00 

Cliloeae 'cilia for lap. o. 
pr. NoD( Zo-YOlQK, cure 

Iter. J. K. Ooaairt 1 

Eltiinlon. Alhaoy Aie. Y. 

Bpalcber'...' '......'..." IB 00 

Cahi. Lloyil R. Wnlunn',"! 
Adama Vllliee. Y. P. 8. 

O. B 

Lsyden cb. Id part 

BlDfbaiDtoo. OoDkUo At*. 

Y, P. 8. C. B 10 00 

Tulc Mn. Eunice Pblnhcy, 
Senaet. N. Y.. id H. L. 
U M 

Dunkirk eb. add-t 

Honebeada cb 

Bo. New Be'Un. B. A. Eob- 

Oifonl, iin. "a. "iLDIeidii'- 

CoraatrT. Un. J. A. Oooarat 1 00 

Groton a. a sot 

UcLeanch. U part fl (O 

Weil OoleiilUe cb S <• 

Weat OoleiiUle. Y. P. B. 

C. B « 

Weit Plalliburt cb 1» « 

Weil Tray cb MM 

Eaal Chilliani eb. add!.... • 00 

anil, BaKD, 6, [>r.. can 
Ber. E. a. Pbimpi. Tpia, 

Aaaam KM 

BatOD a. a MM 

panni, 2ni'ii'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 8 4* 

Fanna, T. P. B. O. B. addl. ■ 00 
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Dtica, Tabeniaele eb. la 

part BOO 

Wilelrma" 'ib.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. « « 

Weit WlnOeld cb 8 60 

WhUeabon ch 100 

Wblteabora B. B 10 OS 

North Manlliia cb 11 tt 

Clar cb '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 100 

FayetteTllla ch SO 80 

EcT. W. H. OoaaaiB. tlUa- 

BO. China IS BO 

FowleiTlile cb ITS 

Pariah Title eh MOO 

Ft. Corinfton. BeT. O. H. 

Winiami and wife 100 

L»ona, Y. P. 8. C. E 1 BO 

Uarlon S. 8 S> SB 

Macedop cb TOO 

Uacedon B. 3 S 78 

wnilamaon ch 8 80 

Wllllimaon a. 8 4 4S 

Cberrr Valley ch 2 BO 

Mlddlefleld cb '.'.'.'.'. S BO 

RIcbmondTllle and Pnltan 

rh 8 00 

.Summit, Ut cb.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 1 00 

Hcwara Vnllry. Iiiiii;^ Bnnaj SO 00 

Mrs. U. Sprtngilead 3 OO 

NEW JERSBY. (232.46. 

CsmJen Aiao. "a friend" 
for n. pr.. can Bey. C L. 

DaTenport. Rnrrna (14 1ft 

GheaCerOeld, Bey, E. H. Of- 

den 1000 

w H. Cipem for D. pr. par 

A. B. M. C OBOO 

HiddonAeld. Y. P. S. O. B. 

apeclM lOBO 

Florence cb. In part........ 11 M 

Aiborv I'erk cb 4100 

PeilrMlowD ch. ipeclil 1 <S 

DlTldlDiOmk 3. 8 (SB 

Newirk. Peddle Uemoriil 

ch.. IIIH. Tnlnlng claai. . 10 00 
Paaaalc, lat eh. Y. F. 8. 

C. E 400 

Uorrialown, lat eb. add'I... ■ BO 

PENNSVLVANIA. (1.(111,44. 

Uaenngle, W, H. Klot> fB 00 

Pblladelpbla, BIcTeDtb cb. 
y. P. S, C. E. low. Bar. 

A "ateward" 1 100 OO 

Mlu Ban* Knbieta 

VlcD. B*T. ud Uim. B. L. 

Obarlla.' lit ' eta! ' 'i'. ' P.' ' a. 

a K. tow. mp. Rot. o. h. 


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1 00 
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MO 00 
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£2 25 
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4 BO 

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Oak PaA. Un. Peur llllMr 
CUetf. Oail Juaui 

IOWA. tlM.lO. 
Boom, Un. Bllnbalta Jan- 

1 00 

It 00 

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OlDflnutl. Ut. Anbnni eb. . 

Delhi, a. BiKom, BiQ 

LibiDon. Bill cbVaVel!!!! 

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Eumbambla, eart Dr. 

Slme, LeopolflTllI* 

18 10 

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IS 00 

SJIi' iS^'r%S^, ^SI: 


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Pao'it CltT, P. Andenon... 

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IiKjlun.polU. UQl.«t.ltf PI. 

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gl>in« cirertnj 

PorT £Iqro™Ur. 'a. "a. 


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Kendall, R... B. D. BdM. 


^D. ^tit, Tnm. Autm..: 

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Rockronl. Y. P. 8. tor 
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Wlnnebari ch 

» 00 


t4 00 

Orion Y. P 

Aabland cb 




Elroj T. P. for Africa $0 60 

Verona cb 8 04 

Veronm 8. 8 2 25 

Bbebojgan eta 17 M 

OrMn Bay, B. Side S. S 60 

Neenah ch. for Africa 4 80 

Union Grore cb 8 20 

Marinette Sewing Society 

for anp. n. pr. care Rev. 

0. F. Viking. Ctaina 26 00 

Marinette S. S 6 36 

MISSOURI, $46.84. 

La Grange B. Y. P. U $0 43 

Board of Home and Foreign 

Miasiona 29 91 

Kansaa City, Y. P. S. tow. 

anp. n. pr.. care Rev. 

D. H. Drake, Madraa, 

India 16 00 

KANSAS, $148.67. 

Topeka, lat ch. Y. P. S. 

C. E. to apply on aalary 
Dilng iBsan, care Rev. 

G. L. Maaon 12 00 

Hollenberg ch 1 00 

Onega cb 7 00 

Smith Centre cb 1 00 

Mt. OlWet cb 7 00 

Ottawa. W. Barker tow. 

anp. n. pr. (dealgnatetl to 

Rey. W. R. Mnnley) 12 00 

McLontb S. S 2 00 

Haakell ch 1 06 

BaUeyTille Y. P. S 3 00 

Jordan Greek S. S 2 00 

Hamlin ch 4 2.3 

Bethel ch 11 07 

Horton ch 3 40 

Norton ch 4 00 

Oberlln ch 00 

Prairie Temple cb 1 84 

Colby ch 9 GO 

Bethany ch 1 50 

Brewster ch 1 93 

Big Creek cb .'5 3» 

PbiUlpabnrg cb 6 16 

Jennlnga cb 2 00 

Long Island ch 6 00 

Clifton ch 10 41 

Rlverdale cb 1 40 

Clyde ch 1 43 

Concordia cb 2 61 

Belleville cb I 00 

Caney ch 5 50 

Collycr ch 1 00 

Lehigh. Karl Ehrlirb tow. 

Blip. n. pr., en re Rev. 

D. H. Drake 20 00 

NEBRASKA. $55.07. 

Gibbon cb S. S. for Chin 
work In the Thnyetuiyo 

neld $0 00 

Pawnee City cb 4 00 

Tecumaeb ch 2 .10 

Vesta cb 2 7t'2 

Prairie Union cb 14 05 

Valley cb 13 20 

Waboo cb 10 00 

CALIFORNIA. $00.(56. 

Santa Ana. Myron Cooley 
"to give the New Toata- 
nicnt to the lU'wly In 

hoathoD InndH" $2 50 

Cen^R S. S 1 00 

Ontario, a friend, "Chrlitt- 

mas gift'* 5 00 

Armona ch 5 85 

R. P. McFee 2 60 

Dtnnba ch 1 35 

Haufonl cb 8 15 

Undaay cb $2 00 

Orosl cb 8 86 

Reedley.. Rev. L. B. Harvey 1 06 

Sanger cb 2 80 

Selma ch 8 66 

Tulare cb 2 25 

Jaa. Da Mont 40 

WoodTUIe cb 3 40 

Santa Ana. Ist cb. Mrs. 
J. F. Merriam In memory 

of ber husband 26 00 

Santa Barbara, B. Y. P. U. 

tow. eup. Rev. W. Wynd. 2 00 
Salinas B. Y. P. U. 

tow. sup. Rev. W. Wynd.. 4 00 
B. B. Jacques and wife sup. 
of n. pr. Ko Kbaine. care 
Rev. -J. E .CummlngM, 
Henaada, Burma 10 0() 

OREGON, $61.09. 

Oregon City S. S $4 69 

Portland, . Ift ch. Rev. 

Frank Sullivan 2 60 

Portland. Swedish cb 34 90 

Portland, Swedish Y. V. S.. 10 00 

WASHINGTON. $34.80. 

Burton, Rev. J. M. Foster.. $6 00 

Pomeroy o. s 3 10 

Harriflon ch 4 5U 

Latah cb 6 56 

liStah Y. P. S 5 00 

Tekoa cb 1 65 

Wallace ch 8 16 

NORTH DAKOTA. $17.04. 

St. Thomas ch $5 00 

Fargo ^*canll. for n. pr., 
care MIsfi Johanna Ander- 
son, Tounf;«K> 8 00 

Hamilton ch 2 25 

UathKate ch 2 60 


BloomlnRdNlo ch $1 00 

Orleans ch 2 00 

wvoMiNr;, $20.00. 

Merldon, O. Tompleton $20 00 


Sherldiin ch $3 76 

Mnrahall ch 2 35 

Bethel rh 1 <K) 

Perry ch S 75 

Vinlto c\\ $4 00 

ARKANSAS, $52.50. 
Eureka SprlnsrH, Mrs. M. E. 

I^OT'ISIANA. %i\Xui. 

New <')rl«^uriK. Student m In 
Leland T'nlvorslly of wh. 
$5,:{1 wii.«» collectoil In 
MIrts'y Boxes $iMhS 

.Vllmquorque. Ist cb $s 00 


Xowponjr. Rev. I'. II. Mooro 
jind wife $100 00 

CHINA, $36S.;i2. 

KInhwa, Rev. T. D. Holmos. $25 00 
NIngpo, Rec'd. ou the tiehl 

by S. P. Barcbet, M. D.. 

per acct. Sept. 80. '96. 

(Mexican $134.0O=$74.Sl». 74 81 

Rec'd. on the Held by Mlaa 
H. L. Corbln per acct. 
Sept. 80. '96, (Mex. $49.96 
-427.60) |t760 

Sbaobing. Rev. H. Jenklna 
per acct. Sept. 80, '96, 
personal gift (Mez. $900^ 
9111.66) Ill 66 

Rev. W. S. Sweet per acct. 
Sept. 30. *96. rec'd. on the 
field (Mex. $48.60-27.06).. ST 06 

Hucban, Rev. G. L. Mawm 
per acct. Sept. 30, *96, 
reed, on the field (Hex. 
$94.69-$62.28) 68 S 

Hanyang, Rev. J. S. Adama 
per acct. Sept 80, *M, 
reed, on the field (Mex. $20 
-411.17) 11 17 

Rev. W. F. Gray per acct. 
Sept. 80, *96, reed, on the 
field (Mex. $44.82-494.74) 84 74 

Swatow, Rev. J. W. Ouiln 
per acct. Sept. 80, *96, 
reed, on the field (Mez. 
$26.00-$14.11) 14 11 

Total 188,511 48 


Me., bequest of 
Owen B. Hut- 
cblns $204 

Manllus. N. Y., 
Ann PenHeld 1000 

Donations and I<<*ga- 
rlea from April 1, 

1896 to Decenil)er 1. 

Donations and lega- 
cies from April 1. 
1K90 to January 1, 


1.201 00 
$40,715 43 

$102,822 17 

$148,687 00 

Donations recelve<I to January 1, 
1897. $112,713.78. 

Maine, $1,004.23; New Hamp- 
Rhlre, $002.26; Vermont, 6861.89; 
Massachusetts, $12,181.28; Rhode 
Island, $2,229.89: G^nnocttcnt. 
$2,259.60; New York, $36,108; New 
.Jersey, $3,992.16; PennaylTanla, 
$9,161.88; Delaware, $40.89; Dis- 
trict of Columbia. $8S».04; Mary- 
land. $28; Virginia, $3.60; West 
Virginia. $1,067.82; Ohio. $16,- 
713.36: Indiana, $1,402.41; Illtnola. 
$8,.1(»..'{6; Iowa, $1,811.29; Mlchl- 
irnn, $1,266.14: Minnesota, $1,- 
:{2<i.41; Wisconsin, $1,026.84; Mta- 
Honrl, $756.04; Kansas, $1,140.64; 
Ni'hmaka. $688.92; Colormdo. 
$ir»l.r)r>: California, $1,011.17; Ore- 
gon. $280.03; North DakoU, $81.68; 
South Dakota, $188.02; WaahlBf- 
ton. $412.10; Nevada, $48; Idaho. 
$21 .n3: Wyoming, $28.80; UUh, 
$1.'S..'S0: Montana, $43.30; Arlsona. 
$11.55; South Carolina, $86.84; 
Kentucky, $2; Tenneaaee, $10; 
I^ulslana, $12.70; Ftorida, $10; 
Alabama, $15; British Colnmbia, 
$89.95; Indian Territory, $57^1; 
Oklahoma. $61.66; Arkantaa, 
$52.60; New Mexico, $11; Canada, 
$1; England, $20; Spain. $7.82; 
Hurma, $96.42; Aaaam, $210; India. 
$50; China. $308.82; Japan, $678.86; 
Alaska, $3.06; Maryland, $28; 
MIscellaneoug. $2,619.48. 

Ube JSapttst 

, His NUMBER OF TMB MAGAZINE is mailed to every pastor in the Northern 
States, whoae correct address we -have been able to obtain. The same 
1 done with the February number. Brethren ! You have now seen 
two numbers of the Magazine in the enlarged and improved form, and 
further improvements will be made. You are the leaders of the people. 
Upon yon more than upon any others depends the interest and giving of the 
churches for the cause of Christ in heathen lands. The best way to increase both 
interest and giving is to increase the circulation of the Baptist Missionary Mag 
AZiNB among your people. Will you not make an effort to do this? 

THE PARTICULAR ATTENTION OF PASTORS is called to the fact that the Baptist 
Missionaby Maoazink, enlarged and improved, is now only fifty cents a year 
in dabs of thirty or more, or in dabs equal to ten per cent of the members of any 
church. For example, in a church of ISO members, 15 subscribers can have the 
Uagazike at fifty cents each, etc. Announce thie from the pulpit and appoint some 
one to receive the money, and there will soon be a club. 

Beo. F. W. Jiakeman, D. 1)., of the First Baptist Church, Chelsea, Mass., did 
this, and a club was made up before the close of the Sunday school without personal 

Rev. Henry M. King, D.D., of the old First Baptist Church of Providence, 
R. I., had a club of sixty-three in two days after the announcement. All the names 
and the money were handed in without special effort. " Go and do thoti likewise." 

In clnbe of ten, or clubs equal to five per cent of the church members, the 
Maoazini is sixty-five cents a year. Single subscriptions, H.OO. In all cates the 
Magazine is sent to the personal addresses of each subscriber. 

76 Editorial Notes 


THE FIRST CLUB for the Missionary Magazine at the new offer of fifty cents a 
copy to clubs of thirty or to clubs equal to ten per cent of the members of any 
church was from the First Baptist Church, Chelsea, Mass., Rev. Francis W. Bake- 
man, D. D., pastor. Doctor Bakeman made an announcement from the pulpit that 
the Baptist Missionary Magazine is enlarged and improved and can now be had 
ioT fifty cents a year in clubs of thirty or more, and that he would receive the names 
and the money. A club of thirty-one was made up before the adjournment of the 
Sunday school, and other names are expected. It was very easy, and the same can 
be done in any church. If the pastor does not wish to receive the names, let him 
announce the improvements in the Magazine, and the low rates for clubs, and ap- 
point some one else to take the names and money. A general and hearty move- 
ment of all the pastors will put a club of Missionary Magazines in every Baptist 
church in these Northern States. Try it. The largest club for the Magazine re- 
ceived to the latest date before going to press for the March number is from the 
Fourth Avenue Baptist Church of Pittsburg, Pa., Rev. Lemuel C. Barnes, D. D., 
pastor — eighty-six subscribers. The anniversaries are held with this church in May, 
and this evidence of large and intelligent missionary interest is an assurance of 
the royal welcome the Baptist hosts will receive. 

now offered in clubs of thirty or more or in clubs equal to ten per cent of the 
members of a church. This is a great concession in price and is made with the 
expectation that a very large circulation will be secured among the members of the 
churches. There were some who advocated selling the Magazine at an even price 
of fifty cents a year. We have been interested in observing the result of such a 
plan in the case of " The Missionary," the excellent periodical of the Southern 
Presbyterian Board. The former rate was seventy-five cents a year, and on the 
recommendation of the General Assembly it was reduced to fifty cents. The argu- 
ment for this was the same that has been urged with reference to our own Maga- 
zine, and the result is instructive. 

" Members of the Assembly who advocated the change expressed the belief that a 
doubling of the subscriptions could be reached if the change was made. But after the 
lapse of more than a year there is no sign of the expected doubling. . . . There is grave 
danger that the next Assembly will find its magazine published at a loss of five hundred 
or six hundred dollars. Even this would be no source of regret if the cheaper rate was 
instrumental in greatly enlarging the circle of readers and thus deepening the interest in 
missions. The mailing list, however, does not show this. The low rate has thus far 
failed to widen the circle of readers." 

By retaining the price for single subscriptions at one dollar, and reducing the 
price to fifty cents for large clubs the Baptist Missionary Magazine hopes to 
secure the desired result. 

THE TREASURER OF THE MISSIONARY UNION on February 1 reported that $287,- 
592.92 is still needed to pay the appropriations for the year. In addition to 
this there is the debt of last year $163,827.63 to be provided for. The receipts dor- 

Editorial Noteg 


ing February ani March of last year in ordinary donations amounts to 1149,777.41. 
SapposiDg they should be the same this year and add $30,000 for income of funda 
dnring the year and tlO,000 for receipts from legacies, yet the accumulated debt of the 
Union at the end of the year would be $291,643.14. It will be seen from this how 
hopeless it is lo expect the usual receipts to provide for the needs of the Union at 
this time. Only the extraordinary measures about to be inaugurated to provide for 
the debts of both the Union and the Home Mission Society affords hope that the 
Union will be placed in a position to continue the missions on anything like the 
present scale of expenditure and methods of work. We awtut the development of 
these measures with intense interest. Meantime the churches are urged to put forth 
most earnest and prayerful efforts that the debt to be provided for may bo reduced 
to the smallest possible proportions. 

AVERY IMPORTANT CONFERENCE at the home of Mr. John D. Rockefeller in New 
York is being held as this number of the Maoazine goes into the hands of the 
printer. The real subject before the conference is to plan measures lo provide for 
the debts of the Missionary Union and the Home Mission Societies. We cannot but 
feel that upon the results of this conference the future of our Baptist Mission work 
at home and abroad is in large measure depending. May Qod give grace to these 
brethren upon whom such lai^e responsibilities have come ! The New England 
committee, of which Hon. Robert O. Fuller of Cambridge is chairman, is actively 
engaged in efforts to the same end. We suppo.-'e a call will soon go forth to the 
whole Baptist denomination of the North to arise and tree our missionary operations 
from the great incubus under which they have labored for three years. Welcome 
this appeal. Codperate with these strong brethren In the Lord. Pay the debts and 
let the Lord's work go on. 

k ZAYAT IN BURMA. [See Frontispiece.] Readers of our missionary literature 

rx often come across the term "zayat." 
place of Doctor Judson, and is the com- 
mon place where many of onr missiona- 
ries in their journeys preach the gospel. 
Here also they find accommodation either 
for a noon-day rest and the dinner hour, 
or for sleeping at night. A zayat is a 
■helter erected by the government for pab- 
lio use. Travelers may find here shelter, 
but must provide for everything else needed 
for their stay. The first guests have the 
first choice of rooms, or rather of loc.ilion. 
Sometimes a missionary party will be the 
only occupants of the zayat. Sometimes 
they are compelled to crowd into one 
comer in order that other travelers may 

A zayat formed the first preaching 


78 Editorial Notes 

also share the accommodations furnished equally to all. Our readers will be glad 
to see a picture of a typical zayat in Burma. This one, at the time the picture was 
taken, was occupied by two missionaries during their noon-day rest when they and 
their party were stopping for dinner. All around are seen the appurtenances of 
their missionary travel — the ox-cart, the native helpers, etc. The picture gives a 
vivid idea of the rude surroundings of many of our cultured missionaries in their 
self-sacrificing and devoted labors among the heathen. 

THE FAMINE IN INDIA, although relieved by the rains, yet produced great distress, 
which still continues in many districts, especially in northern central India. 
The prices of rice and grains have fallen, and the growing crops are doing well, but 
there will be want until a new and abundant crop is gathered. Many of the people 
are too poor to buy seed, but the government has established measures of relief, and 
while there is much suffering, such frightful mortality is not expected as in previous 
famines. The daily papers have exaggerated the condition of affairs in India, and 
we thank God that, while multitudes are still in want, the prospects are favorable 
for a gradual restoration to the usual conditions of life. 

THE BUBONIC PLAQUE IN BOMBAY. — Many reports regarding the prevalence of 
this plague, which is very similar to the "Black Plague" which ravished 
Europe in the Middle Ages, have been published in our papers. It has been diffi- 
cult to get at the exact facts of the case. On the one hand it has been asserted 
that the reports have been greatly exaggerated by those hostile to British rule in 
India ; on the other, that the English authorities have minimized the reports as far 
as possible. It would appear that the number of cases has amounted to between 
eight and ten thousand, and the number of deaths is reported at less than five 
thousand. From private information received recently we are inclined to believe 
that the number of deaths is larger than that reported. Rev. C. E. Petrick, our 
missionary at Sibsagor, Assam, who has recently returned to his field from Europe 
and landed in Bombay, writes that "the number of those having died, and still 
dying, is very large, much larger than the papers report." It does not appear^ 
however, that Europeans or the higher classes have been affected to large degree, 
since, as in the case of the plague in Hong Kong and of similar epidemics in other 
places, cleanliness and sanitary methods of living have secured immunity from the 
plague ; nor does it appear that the plague is extending much beyond the limits of 
Bombay Presidency. 

THE OBITUARY OF DR. LYMAN JEWETT in the February number of the Magazine 
needs to be corrected as to a few dates. By error of the printer his graduation 
from Brown University, is said to have occurred in 1848 instead of in 1843. He 
studied three years at Newton Theological Institution, graduating from the full 
course in 1846. As he intended to become a missionary he declined to accept a 
call to the church in Webster, Mass., but preached for the church two years until 
about the time of his sailing for India, Oct. 10, 1848. We thank Mrs. Jewett for 
these corrections and the additional information. 


J^ditorial Notes 79 

THE MISSION OP REV. J. S. BARROWS, D. D., to India is not regarded with un- 
mitigated enthusiasm by the missionaries in that country. Dr. Barrows is 
chiefly known as the promoter of the Parliament of Religions held in connection 
with the Columbian Fair in Chicago. Professor S. Satthianadhan of Madras hag 
said that this Parliament " dealt Christianity in India the severest blow it had ever 
received," and in this opinion the great body of missionaries in India agree. It dis- 
credited Christianity as the supreme religion, tended to demolish the very founda- 
tions on which Christian missionary work rests, infused new life and enthusiasm 
into the advocates of Hinduism and Buddhism, and enormously exaggerated the 
already overweening conceit of the leaders of those systems. It is natural that the 
advent of the person most responsible for that Parliament should be regarded with 
trepidation by the advocates of the religion of Jesus Christ in India. We have seen 
a list of the subjects on which he proposes to lecture in the chief cities. It does not 
encourage the expectation that they will have any considerable effect in overcoming 
the mischief wrought by the Parliament of Religions, or in strengthening Christian- 
ity in India. It is possible that a view of the fruits of heathenism on its own soil 
may greatly strengthen Dr. Barrows's belief in Christianity as the only true and 
absolute religion. He will certainly gather very different views of Hinduism and 
its associated faiths from the rosy representations set forth at the Parliament of 

THE ILLNESS OF MR. ROBERT E. SPEER, one of the Secretaries of the Northern 
Presbyterian Board, while visiting Persia, has aroused the liveliest sympathy, 
both on account of the high regard for Mr. Speer's personal character, and because 
of the interest in his journey, which is one of inspection of the Presbyterian mis- 
sions. We are glad to note his full recovery and the resumption of his journey 
around the world. The fever, which for a time threatened to bring to an end his 
journey and even his life, was caused by exposure to extreme heat while traveling, 
and illustrates a peril to which missionaries in tropical lands are always exposed. 
We heartily rejoice in Mr. Speer's recovery and trust that the remainder of his trip 
may be made in safety and success. 

in the death of Mrs. Mary Webb widow of the late Rev. Abner Webb, in 
Oakland, Jan. 25, 1897. Mr. and Mrs. Webb were associated for several years with 
Doctor Judson in Burma, and the closing years of their lives were spent in quiet 
enjoyment at the beautiful rural home of their daughter, Mrs. Pratt in Fruit Vale, a 
suburb of Oakland. They united with the Tenth Avenue Baptist Church of Oak- 
land during the pastorate of Rev. S. B. Morse, D. D., and continued their relation 
with that church until their death. By their sweet lives and rich Christian experi- 
ence they were a great aid and blessing to their pastor and to all with whom they 
associated. Their daughter, Mrs. Lothrop of Boston, was with them during the 
later years of their lives, which was especially comforting to them after the death of 
the younger daughter, Mrs. Pratt. 

80 EditoHcU Notes 

A UNIQUE INCIDENT IN MISSIONARY LIFE is told in the following letter from 
Rev. C. H. Finch, M. D., of Suiohaufu, West China. He writes : 

" We came here to lead the heathen Chinee to a belief in Christ and baptize them in 
His name. In October we had two Americans come to us professing their faith in Christ 
and asking to be baptized. We could not refuse them, so baptized them in the name of 
the Father, Son and Holy Ghost and sent them on their way rejoicing. They were Dr. 
and Mrs. Mclrath, correspondents of the Chicago Inter-Ocean^ traveling around the 
world. While for a long time intending, some time, to become Christians they had not 
yet decided. After conversation with the doctor I was able to show him where he stood 
and suggested that Suifu was as good a place to find and follow the Lord as any ; but I 
must confess I was surprised when he really asked a few days later to be baptized. He 
and his wife made a clear statement of their case ; the brethren here all talked with them. 
He made his statement to the church, Mr. Wellwood interpreting, and they were voted 
baptism in regular order. So when you see announcements of these travelers, as you 
probably will, you can feel an additional interest in them as belonging to the Western 
China Mission as well as members of Christ's body. We were not looking for such re- 
sults, as former globe trotters had taken occasion to malign the missionaries. Their first 
letter after leaving us spoke of the happiness that possessed them. May God bless and 
keep them." 

THE DEATH OF MRS. JANE W. BARKER at Nashville, Tenn., January 16, breaks yet an- 
other tie which binds us to the earlier period of our Baptist missionary history. 
Mrs. Barker was a native of Shropshire, England, but came to this country when a 
child. In 1839 she was married to Rev. Cyrus W. Barker, who was under appoint- 
ment as a missionary of the American Baptist Missionary Union, and with him 
sailed from Boston, Oct. 22, 1839, in the ship Dalmatia, Captain Winsor. They 
reached Calcutta, Feb. 20, 1840, and Jaipur, Assam, May 14 of the same year, but 
their field of labor was removed to Sibsagor, May 18, 1841, and was afterwards 
changed to Gauhati. After nearly ten years of faithful and devoted labor for the 
salvation of the Assamese the failure of Mr. Barker's health compelled them to sail 
for the United States. He declined so rapidly that he died and was buried at sea, 
in the Mozambique Channel, Jan. 31, 1850. Mrs. Barker returned to America with 
her five children, and since that time has resided first at Elgin and Chicago, Illinois, 
and later in Minneapolis with her daughter. In missionary work in Assam and in 
her influence in behalf of missions in this country the lovely character of Mrs. Bar- 
ker has made the deepest impression upon all with whom she came in contact. 
Quiet, yet earnest and unselfish, she was always active and eflicient in the promotion 
of the cause of Christ, and especially in the cause of the gospel among the heathen. 
Her last words to the family : " Be true to the Lord Jesus,'^ may be taken as the 
keynote of her whole life. She was ever ready for service for the Master, and has 
surely received the blessed reward, " Well done, good and faithful servant." One 
of her daughters, Mrs. George A. Marsh of Chicago, has recently visited her native 
place, Gauhati, Assam. We extend our earnest sympathies to her in the loss of her 
mother at this time of her absence from home, and also to the other children, Mr*. 

< 'h; 

Editorial Notes 81 

Cyrus A. Barker of Chicago, Mrs. George L. Baker of Minneapolis, and Mrs. Bishop 
R. K. Hargrove of Nashville, at whose home Mrs. Barker peacefully passed away. 
Of Mrs. Marsh's visit to Gauhati Rev. C. E. Burdette writes : — 

" The very cap sheaf, or top-stone of the whole year's experience was the visit, last 
week, of Mrs. Marsh of Chicago, eldest daughter of Mrs. Barker of Minneapolis, who 
with her hushand planted our Gauhati Mission. The announcement, the visit, the de- 
parture — all crowded into less than a week of time — seem like a dream, but the blessed 
influence of the kindness and interest which prompted such a visit, and of the revivifying 
of the sacred memories of the early days of the mission, are an abiding and real benedic- 
tion; yes, a benefaction. I know there are many friends at home who would want to 
follow Mrs. Barker's unique example, if they could realize the effect of her visit on both 
missionaries and people. Not many, to be sure, are the children of pioneer and martyr 
missionaries, but they are children of God, the founder, aye, the martyr founder of 
every mission. It is a lot of ointment, and very costly for a single anointing, but its 
perfume will abide through the life of at least one mission family." 


POOR MADAGASCAR I — Since the French occupation of Madagascar the higher 
officials have been very fair in their treatment of Protestant missions, and it 
was publicly announced that all religions and the Protestant missionary work would 
be tolerated. Much hope has been cherished that this work, in which the Christian 
world at large is so deeply interested, might continue without interruption and with 
all its former prosperity. There has been, however, an increased feeling of hostility 
manifested by the French, cultivated unquestionably by the Roman Catholic priest- 
hood. In 1896, when it seemed that France would take possession of Madagascar, 
the Archbishop of Paris proclaimed throughout France a crusade that Madagascar 
was to be won to the Church of Rome. This aroused great excitement at the time, 
but owing to the fairness of the officials in Madagascar this crusade has been almost 
forgotten by the Protestant world. It has been by no means forgotten, however, 
by the officials of the Roman Catholic Church, and it now appears that this crusade 
for the suppression of Protestant Christianity in Madagascar and for the forcible 
conquest of that island by the Church of Rome is to be carried on with the 
audacity, the determination and the unscrupulousness which mark the work of the 
Society of Jesus wherever it is unhindered in its plans. The Jesuits have sedu- 
lously cultivated an an ti- Protestant and anti- English feeling in Madagascar. Already 
the Protestant missions are seriously impaired by it and the missionaries, according 
to an announcement in The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society of January, 
realize that they are called upon to enter a conflict with Jesuit craft and hostility, 
the effect of which cannot but be very injurious upon Protestant missions in Mada- 
gascar. The influence of the Jesuits has become so great that the French Govern- 
ment has demanded that the large hospital occupied and carried on in common by 
the missions of the Friends and of the London Missionary Society, should be 
vacated, on grounds which are monstrously unjust, and this is regarded as an 
nnpleasant, ominous and unmistakable indication of the treatment in store for 
Protestantism in Madagascar in the near future. 

82 Editorial Notes 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED IN MADAGASCAR.— The last act of M. Laroche, the first 
French Governor of Madagascar, was to proclaim freedom to all the slaves in 
the island. M. Laroche is a Protestant, and under his rule entire freedom of wor- 
ship was granted, and the future of Madagascar was full of promise. His name will 
be forever associated with those of Abraham Lincoln, Alexander of Russia, Chula- 
longkom of Siam and Don Pedro of Brazil, as one of the great Liberators of the 
world. The slaves of Madagascar numbered about one million, and the change to 
freedom was made in a remarkably peaceful and quiet manner. It is a great mis- 
fortune for Madagascar that the wise and beneficent rule of M. Laroche has been 
superseded by the military authority of General Gallieni, under which terrorism, 
disorder and religious intolerance prevail. 

Baptist Church, January 26 and 27 was grandly successful in spirit, in attend- 
ance, in interest and in impressiveness. Of the twenty-two speakers on the pro- 
gpramme, twenty-one were present and fulfilled their appointments and the absent 
one was detained by sickness. This remarkable record is an index of the serioos 
sense of duty and conviction which attends the holding of these Conferences. All 
who attend are moved, stimulated and benefited. Thev are fitted to become cen- 
tres from which will radiate powerful influences for larger consecration of persons 
and property to God's service. Let no one to whom attendance is possible fail to 
attend the Conference at the Iramanuel Baptist Church, Chicago, March 1-3. 

THE DEATH OF COLONEL CHARLES H. BANES of Philadelphia is a severe loss to 
the Baptist denomination, to the city of Philadelphia, and especially to the 
American Baptist Publication Society. He had been a member of the Board of 
that society since 1873, and in 1883 was elected Treasurer. After the death of 
Doctor Grifiith he filled the oftice of General Secretary for several years, but was 
compelled to resign under the pressure of other duties and was again appointed 
Treasurer, holding this oflice until his death. Aside from his general services to 
this society and through the society to the Baptist denomination, as a member of 
the Board and in financial management, Colonel Banes's term of office as Secretary 
was marked by a large and distinct advance in the character of the publications of 
the society. He infused new energy into its publishing business, and the time when 
he assumed control marks a new era for the society. Since that date the books 
issued from the society have shown a judgment in selection, a taste in the whole 
matter of printing, binding, and general make-up, which has brought the Publi- 
cation Society to the front rank in the publication business, and has made the 
whole denomination proud of the issues of our American Baptist Publication Society. 
We sincerely mourn with the society the loss of Colonel Banes, and extend our 
most earnest sympathies to Mrs. Banes, who is a member of the Board of Managers 
of the Missionary Union, and to the other members of the family. 


IT is evident that we are on the eve of a revival of interest in the practical duties 
of the Christian life. The subject of what is usually called Christian beneficence 
is coming to the front in religious and missionary circles. It is a grateful relief 
from the abstract theological discussions of the past few years, and much more 
largely promising for the advancement of the kingdom of Christ and the good of 
men. In this advance it is, however, unfortunate that the way of direct progress to- 
wards a pure scriptural basis for Christian living is continually obstructed by the use 
of misleading terms. These terms have grown up out of the decadence of the prin- 
ciples of a warm and earnest Christian life and from centuries of formalism and 
worldliness in the churches. As far as Christian missions and the extension of the 
Redeemer's kingdom, — in which we are here more particularly interested, — are 
concerned, the greatest difficulties arise from the use of terms which relate to the 
altruistic distribution of the property which may be found in the hands of the followers 
of Christ. Few Christians would be found who would boldly assert that what they 
have is their own. The members of our churches are free to confess that all they 
have has been given them by God and that their property, as well as themselves, 
belongs to Him. When it comes, however, to a question of use of this property for 
others, nearly all the language in common use is based upon the settled and deep 
lying idea that the Christian has an ownership in the property in his hands. We 
talk of giving, which is not in itself a bad term if properly understood, but which 
proceeds from a wrong idea, if the thought is that what is left after the giving is the 
absolute property of the giver. Worse than all we talk of " giving to the Lord " ; 
an expression which when clearly analyzed, is nothing less than an unintended im- 
pertinence to our Lord and Master to whom we and all we have belong. Even 
those Christians who have overcome the inherited sense of ownership in property and 
speak of bringing in their tithes or of paying their debts to the Lord, are haunted 
with a sense that the residue is theirs to use as they will. Such ideas need but to 
be mentioned and brought out to the clear light of Christian consciousness to be at 
once condemned. 

The scriptural idea of the relation of men to God is that of stewardship. The 
property put in the hands of men, whether Christians or not Christians, belongs to 
the Creator and the Giver, and is merely placed in human hands to be properly 
used. This is clearly taught in the parable of the pounds, and most impressively 
and forcibly in the marvelous and moving twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth chapters 
of Matthew. According to these passages of God's word the simple duty of every 
man, in the words of the Lord Himself, is to " occupy till I come " ; and his approval 
or disapproval depends upon the good use, the disuse or the bad use of the powers 
and property entrusted to the steward. The ideas of stewardship prevalent in 
Western lands however do not fully explain the relation of men to their Lord. 
They are inadequate to the scriptural conception. The biblical figure is taken from 

84 Tlie Two Duties of a Christian Steward 

the relation of an Asiatic steward to his master. With us the steward has certain 
exact duties and responsibilities and little freedom. In the £ast the property of the 
master is committed absolutely to the hands of the steward, who has large liberty 
in the management and use of the estate. This is taught in what is called the 
parable of the unjust steward in the sixteenth chapter of Luke. The conduct of the 
steward there in remitting a part of the dues of the debtors of his lord is utterly 
foreign to our ideas of good stewardship and would be unhesitatingly condemned. 
That very action, however, of the Eastern steward is commended by his lord. It 
was something that he had a right to do ; for the Eastern steward is not only the 
business manager but the almoner of his master's goods. He is in fact a member of 
his master's family. This is clearly brought out in the answer of Abram to the Lord 
in his amazement at the promise of blessing. " And Abram said. Lord God, what 
wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer 
of Damascus ? " Eliezer, the steward in the Eastern sense was to Abram in the place 
of a son in the administration of his estate. And this is the kind of stewardship to 
which God admits His people. We are not only stewards but sons of God. 

What then are the duties of this high and exalted stewardship, to which God has 
appointed the children of men — a position which partakes of the substantial elements 
of son ship ? 

It must be apparent that the first duty of a Christian steward is the most profit- 
able and effective use of the powers and property entrusted to him. It is as much 
the duty of the Christian to get as it is to give. The servants who made the best 
use of the pounds entrusted to them received the highest commendation and reward ; 
while the servant who made no use of his pound was cast out. It is not a sufficient 
excuse for withholding to say that we have nothing and can bestow nothing. 
Unless in the providence of God so disabled that we cannot help ourselves we ought 
to be in a position to help others. Many Christians who excuse themselves from 
having a part in missionary and charitable enterprises because they have nothing to 
give, are wrong, because they have not used their powers to gain. The good 
steward must first of all make a profitable use of the goods entrusted to him, so that 
at his Lord's coming he can account for not only what was given but for what has 
been gained. 

The second duty of the Christian steward is just as clear, and that is to make a 
wise distribution of the goods entrusted to him. A steward is expected to use judg- 
ment in the distribution as well as in the acquisition of property. The diligent 
steward who has gained great wealth has done well, but will fail of receiving his 
Lord's commendation unless he also makes proper arrangements for bestowal. The 
rich young man who came to Jesus had so many fine qualities that is is even said 
that Jesus loved him ; but he failed at the final touch. He had brilliant and lovely 
qualities of character and great wealth, but he would not distribute for the good of 
others, and " he went away sorrowful." Neither is it sufiicient to make an indiscrimi- 
nating, even though lavish, bestowal of goods. The Christian who gives a dollar to 
every appeal for charity, without discrimination, interest or judgment, will not be 

T/te Two Dutiea of a Christian Steward 86 

commended. A man who would conduct bia business on this principte would Burely 
fail. The Christian steward must be not only benevolent but wise. Of the innumer- 
able appeals for email objects of benevolence which come to the Chriatian steward 
to-day many must receive but alight attention in order that the great streams of the 
kingdom of God may be full. That which ia moat important must be put first, and 
the digtiibntion mast be according to the prinoiplea of influence for the advancement 
of the kingdom of our Redeemer. 

The Jew of the old dispensation was commanded to pay a tithe to the service of 
God. He was under the law. The Christian, being under grace, ia given more 
freedom. His contribution ia to be "as God hath prospered." But shall love be 
less than law? The freedom given the Chriatian unquestionably looks toward larger 
returns for God's service. The Jew had only the Temple at Jerusalem to main- 
t^n. The Christian has to support the service of God in the Temple of the World. 
In the language of Dr. Hovey, " The death of Christ has not lowered God's claims on 
bia people. The tithe is the least any should pay to God's service. Many should 
give much more." When the absolute and imperative duties of stewardship have 
thoronghly permeated the hearts and minds of all dlecipleB of Christ there will no 
longer be talk of " giving to the Lord," but the great concern of every Christian will 
be to BO administer all the goods intrusted to him that he may hear the welcome 
worda " Well done good and faithful servant thou hast been faithful over a few 
things, I will make thee ruler over many things. Enter thou into the joy of thy 
Lord"* (Matt. 25 1 23). 

^"■^ '. ^^^ 

^^^^m^ftf^tftt^V'.'— ■ ' ^^ 





■■ &^^ 












OULMEIN entertalDed 
tbe Conference and 
Convention this year. 
The meetlDgs of the 
Conference were held 
In the English Church 
and the meetings of 
the Convention were 
held In the chapel of the Karen school. 

Previous to the meeting of the Con- 
ference a Council was convened In 
Mlzpab Hall Tamil and Tolugu school, 
at 7 A. M., to consider the advisabil- 
ity of setting apart to the work of the 
Gospel ministry Mr, M, Noble, a member 
of the Tamil and Telugu Church. Tbe can- 
didate having passed a very satisfactory ex- 
amination the couDCll voted to advise bis 
ordination, and arrangements were made 
to have It tak-i place the same evening. 

At 11 A. M. another council was con- 
vened pursuant to a call from the Calvary 
Baptist Church of New York City, to con- 
sider the propriety of setting apart to the 
work of the Gospel ministry, Mr. A. H. 
Henderson. M. D., who Is now a missionary 
laboring at Mon^. Tbecandldate'sviews of 
tbe observanceof theordlnanceof the Lord's 
Supper being contrary to the views com- 
monly held by regular Baptists, the coun- 
cil passed the followinR resolution. "That 
this council while thoroughly satisfied with 
the statement of our brother's Christian ex- 
perience, but because of bis views of the 
Communion question, we consider it wise 
that bis ordination be deferred." 

Eev. L. B. Hicks, Ph. D.. Moderator. 
B«v. W. A. Sharp. Clerk. 

The arst meeting of tbe Conference was 
held at T A. M., Thursday, tbe 15th. Rev. 
W. F. Armstrong conducted tbe service, 
presenting very Impressively tbe theme, 
'The Holy Spirit with ub." PromStoSMrs. 
Hosier led In the praise service. Rev. W. 
Bushell led In a service of prayer and song 
from 1.30 to 2 P. M.. and presided over the 
afternoon meeting which was a sympostum 
on "How to develop a higher type of piety 
In our native Christians." Paperswere read 
by Rev, L. E. Hicks, Ph. D., and MUs H. 
Phlnncy. A long discussion followed. It 
was gnitlfylng to see the unity of (pillion 
expressed by thewrltersaswellas those who 
took part In the discussion. Tbe three prin- 
cipal points mentioned as an answer to the 
question were: 1. A comprehensive knowl- 
edge of the standard aud requirements of 
God's Word. 2. The need of the Holy 
Spirit to guide 3. A willingness to obey 

The time from 7 to 9 P. M. was taken up 
by reports from tbe different stations. 

On Friday, from 7 to 8 A. M., Dr. 
Mitchell gave a very Interesting Bible 
i-eodlng on "Tbe precious things of the 
Bible." Prom 8 to 9 was a devotional meet- 
hig led by Rev. F. P. Sutherland, M. D. Tbe 
central thought of this hour was, "Love to 
tbe Brethren a test of Sonshlp." The hour 
closed with united prayers /or the A. B. M. 
Union, the brethren at home who bold the 
ropes, not especially that tbe great debt 
should be raised immediately, but that all 
might learn the lesson which God has to 
teach by permitting such a debt to accm^ 
iind that there should be an abiding ad- 

Surma Baptist Anniveraariea 


TUtce amons th« churches In rendeiing to 
the Lord that which Is his own. From 1.30 
to % Rbt. W. a. Sharp led in a. service of 
pnuer and song, after which Rev. F. H. 
Breleth presided over a business session 
of two hours. 

Oalj two Items of business worthy of 
notice were passed. The first was the 
adoption of the report of tbe Committee ap- 
pointed last year to confer with the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, as to the possi- 
bility of Issuing a Terslon of the Burmese 
Bible which would piMse the Pinlo-Bnptlat 

of their own rules but In vIolatloD of the 
teaching of the best scholarship of all ages. 

The Conference unanimoualy adopted the 
report of the committee which was In snb- 
stance as follows: 

While we deplore the Issuing of a, rlral 
version of the Bible In Burmese, we dls- 
L-tnlm any responsibility for the confusion 
which may arise by the publication of such 
n version. We cannot Join In the publica- 
tion of such a ventlon as would be accept- 
able to the Bible Society without compro- 
mlHlne the tnilh which was Rlvcu by Christ 


churches of Burma and still be acceptable 
to Baptists. After a long correspondence It 
was at lust concluded that nothing could be 
done uulesB the Baptists would consent to 
bavliiK Dr. JiidHon's translation of the 
word btiptlza and Its cognates, repinced l).v 
the transliteration or the words. 

It seems remarkable tliat tills Society is 
lust now Insisting very strouely thnt fiuch 
Words shall be tranglaleil in a version of tiic 
Bible which is to be issued in ludln. whllu 
In Bnrma the translation of the words arc 
t> be done away with In violation not only 

and his Apusties. If the Society insists on 
IssuiuK such a verxlon it must i>ear the re- 
FiponHllilIlty of the confusion which it will 
cause. In viointing what bas already been 
accepted by the scholarship of all ages, 
and iiy ttie early church as the teaching of 
Ciirist, and thereliy dcstroyins the syndwl- 
Ism of otic of the most Iie:iii1lfiil ovdiuanceH 
which Clirlst hiis instituted. 

A proposition was adoptml to appoint a 
Central ComiiiiHee composed of represent- 
atives of each mission which should en- 
deavor to secure the triinslation fltid pnb- 


Power of the Resurrection 

Ucation of literature selected from the 
Ohrlstian Oolture (bourse, and other 
sources, which would aid in strengthening 
the young people of Burma in the princi- 
ples of Christianity. Rev. W. Bushell 
preached the annual sermon before the Con- 
ference Friday evening. The Convention 
assembled on Saturday. After the usual 
routine work of appointing committees the 
committee of management reported in the 
different languages. 

After the adoption of the report of the 
Committee of Management, the treasurer 
presented his report, which showed that 
the contributions for the year had 
amounted to Rs. 2,108^ most of which had 
been spent in Burma. Toward the close of 
the year the Convention sent a missionary 
to the Talaings, to be associated with Hans 
Adamsen, M. D., at Bangkok, Siam. 

A resolution was presented requesting 
the Convention to send two missionary 
brethren to visit the Karen Christians 
about Zimmd, Siam. As this would involve 
an expenditure of Rs. 500, it was decided 
to see how much could be raised before 
voting on the question. When the tellers, 
which were appointed, reported, it was 
found that 501 rupees had been contributed, 
and it was voted to send the brethren. 
Afterward the convention closed by singing 


'Praise God from whom all blessingB flow,** 

and benediction by the moderator. 
The annual sermon before the convention 

was preached by Rev. F. DeM. Crawley, 
pastor of the Bnglish Baptist Church. On 
Monday evening the missionaries met at the 
home of Rev. E. O. Stevens, where a very 
pleasant hour of service of prayer and 
praise was held, after which there was a 
sociable, ice cream and cake being served. 
At this last meeting of the missionaries the 
following resolution was adopted by a vote 
of 2 to 1: "Resolved, That we most ear^ 
nestly protest against the sale of the 'Quest- 
House' property in Rangoon at this time." 

The rooms for the entertainm^it- of the 
missionaries are almost indispensable, as 
the accommodations for Europeans in the 
hotels are very expensive, and not desir- 
able. The lower story rents for a sum 
equal to 4 per cent on the investment, while 
if the property should be sold, it would be 
impossible to secure another place which 
would be as satisfactory at the same price. 
Besides this, if the property should be sold 
it will reduce the compound of the Bnglisb 
Baptist Chiu'ch to a mere driveway on the 
south side, and there would always be the 
liability of the ground being occupied for 
some obnoxious purpose. 


THERE is one doctrine in Cliristianity 
upon which the recent Biology makes 
many after-dinner speeches;— I mean Res- 
urrection. Let Renan and his disciples 
make whatever they please out of this doc- 
trine; but the practical significance of this 
unique doctrine cannot be overlooked by 
•*historical schools" of any turn of mind. 
Why is it that heathens in general go Into 
decay so soon, but Christians in general 
know no decay whatever, but hope even in 
Death itself? Octogenarians still scheming 
for future as if they were still in twenties 
are objects of almost miraculous wonders 
with us heathens. We count men above 
forty among the old age while In Christen- 
dom no man below fifty is considered to be 

fit for a position of any great responsibility. 

We think of rest and retirement as soon as 

our children come to age; and backed by 

the teaching of filial piety, we are entitled 

to lazy idleness, to be cared for and 

caressed by the young generation. Judson. 

a missionary after hardships of his lifetime, 

exclaims he wants to live and work mcMre, 

as he has eternity to rest Victor Hugo in 

his eighty-fourth year can say: "I Improve 

every hour because I love this world as my 

fatherland. My work is only beginning. 

My monument Is hardly above its founda* 

tion. I would be glad to see it mounting 

and mounting forever."— From ^^DUur^ of # 

Japanese Convert.'* 





SUNDAY, Oct 4th, was a day crowded 
with most interesting labor, and I trust 
the results of that which was done will be 
seen in this mission many years. 

To understand the occurrence and to real- 
ize something of its importance in the eyes 
of the Pwo Karens you must know that 
when Miss Macomber came out to labor in 
this country in 1836 she located in a large 
Pwo Karen Tillage called Dongyan, and 
that as a result of her labors the first Pwo 
Karen church ever formed was organized 
in that yUlage Jan. 12, 1837. This church 
is still in existence^ and until about four 
years ago was ministered to by an ordained 
pastor. Rev. Kon Touk. 

Perhaps twenty years ago it sent off a 
colony of its members to settle about two 
hours' Journey away. There they formed 
a new Tillage and called it Seetyau. This 
church also had an ordained man for its 
pastor, by name Rev. Pah Pug. Both these 
pastors were men of strong characters, and 
great influence among the people around 
them; and their sayings and doings are 
quoted as authority to-day. The two were 
called home within a few months of each 
other, and since then there has not been 
an ordained man among the Pwo Karens 
of this Association. 

Pah Pug left a son who had been edu- 
cated in the Station School here and then 
took a course in the Karen Theological 
Seminary. He then came back and taught 
in the school for several years. Since his 
father's death he has been acting pastor 
of the church at Seetyau and at the invi- 
tation of the church a council met on Oct. 
3d to consider the advisability of ordaining 
him to the Gospel ministry. 

The members of the two churches are 

one people and are closely r^ated to each 

other. The candidate was the son of Rev. 

Pah Pug, former pastor of Seetyau Church, 

and his wife is the daughter of Rev. Ron 

Touk, the former pastor of the Dongyan 

Church. Hence you can see that whatever 

affects one church interests the other also. 

The Ck»uncil met and organized in the 

regular way. The candidate passed a very 

satisfactory examination and it was voted 

to ordain him upon* the next day. I was 

up at daylight and got a cup of tea. Soon 
after six the bell for early morning meet- 
ing rang and we went to the chapel. One 
of the visiting brethren Conducted a short 
devotional meeting and then the pastor 
takes the chair and turns it into a meeting 
preparatory for the communion, so that 
those who had not related their experience 
at the meeting we had held on Saturday 
evening should now do so. That having 
been finished, it was suggested that the 
candidates for baptism be examined now 
rather than after the noon service. Six 
were brought forward, four young men 
and two girls. All were examined and five 
were received for baptism. The one hav- 
ing married a heathen girl was to wait 
until the elders were satisfied of his power 
to bear temptation, which they knew his 
heathen friends would bring upon him. 
We were then dismissed after being to- 
gether more than two hours. Breakfast 
was the next order, so as to be ready for 
the next meeting at 10.30. This was the 
ordination service, and very simple and in- 
teresting it was to the crowded house which 
had assembled. 

We then had a short breathing spell be- 
fore going down to the water near the vil- 
lage where the pastor baptized the five 
candidates received in the morning. Then 
back to the chapel, where letters were read 
from two excluded members asking for 
restoration. One was received at once, the 
other ordered to wait a little longer. 

About eighty members of the two 
churches now partook of the Lord's Sup- 
per and were once more dismissed. Dinner 
was partaken of during this interview, and 
then at Just before sundown, according to 
appointment, I preached a sermon to a well- 
filled chapel. At the close of this service I 
was called upon for another address at a 
meeting held in the pastor's house at which 
there were from sixty to seventy present. 

Up bright and early the next morning, 
we took to our boats and by noon were in 
Moulmein once more, feeling assured that 
we had been about our Father's business 
and that He would bless that which had 
been done. 



THE record of baptisms during Septem- 
ber was four. Of tliese three occurred 
on one occasion; when Pastor U. Reuben 
administered the ordinance to three 
Talaings at Amherst, the last Lord's day 
in the month. One is a man over sixty 
years of age; the other two are grandsons 
of U. Aung-men, who was pastor of the 
Amherst Church about twenty-five years 
ago. On Sunday morning, the 13th ult., I 
baptized at TliatOn a Taungthu, Maung 
Lfln by name, who lives at Kin-btin-gydng, 
a village near Kyaik-kaw. 

Maung Ldn's case seems to call for more 
than a passing remark. A few years ago 
he was one of a company who went up to 
the hills to the north of Thatdn, in order 
to cut bamboos* The provisions, which 
they left at a hut in the Jungle, one day 
were all stolen. After a considerable hesi- 
tation he and a Shan man concluded to go to 
a little village, to ask the privilege of cook- 
ing and sleeping at a house, which was oc- 
cupied by a Karen Christian. If I mistake 
not, this is the man who was converted 
through the "Awakener," probably one of 
the many Burmese tracts which Miss Law- 
rence had distributed on one of her evan- 
gelistic tours. 

The inmates of the two houses, which 
make up this Karen village, deliberated a 
long time before they were willing to give 
their consent. But the permission sought 
having been once given, these two strangers 
were sure of protection from the depreda- 
tions of thieves. In the evening, when the 
day's work was all done, the heads of these 
two families told their guests about their 
newly found hopes and Joys, with the re- 
sult that the two bamboo cutters were 
deeply impressed. The Shan man had been 
a hard drinker; and his death was probably 
caused, or at least hastened by his intem- 
perate habits. However, so great a change 
had been wrought in him that he became 
almost a total abstainer, and on their return 
home he used to declare to his com- 
panion his firm conviction that the gospel 
of Christ showed the only true way of sal- 
vation. The words of this Shan had great 

weight with Maung Lfin, and were partly 
instrumental in leading him to deter- 
mine that he would become a worshiper 
of the Eternal God. 

If facetious observers had been present 
on the banks of the Goldstream at the bap- 
tism of Maung Lfin, they might have been 
inclined to remark that some of us Baptists 
must believe in sprinkling and pouring plus 
immersion; for truly "the rain descended 
and the fioods came" at such a rate that 
the mountain torrent had swollen into a 
mighty stream. 

I almost trembled when we went down 
into the raging waters; not that I was actu- 
ated by fear, lest we should be swept off 
our feet by the force of the current; but I 
was anxious for the future of the candidate. 
For I learned that he had himself been a 
total abstainer only one month; and I knew 
that he would the next day be going back 
to a home where illicit distilling had been 
carried on by the wife and mother, who 
had refused to follow Maung Lfin's exam- 
ple. Then again he is illiterate, and so 
poor that he lives from hand to mouth. 
Moreover there is no Christian living any- 
where near, except a Shan man, who had 
so effectually hidden his light under a 
bushel that he had not known of his exist- 

I have gone into these particulars because 
this is in some respects a typical case. The 
Taungthus are often described as bei|ig 
bigoted idolaters. This is quite true; and 
it is equally certain that in Lower Burma 
they are to a great extent besotted with 

Miss Barrows, in company with assist- 
ants, is hoping soon to visit the locality 
where Maung Lfin lives. We pray that this 
contemplated preaching tour may be 
blessed of God not only to the confirming 
of Maung Lfin in the faith, but also to the 
conversion of his wife, who, like so many 
Taungthu women, considers it a part of her 
maternal duties to distil arrack, by the sale 
of which she may be able to provide food 
and clothing for her family. 


THE map which appears as a frontispiece to this number of the Magazine is an 
accurate picture of the mission field, which has its centre at Toungoo, Burma. 
It is very suggestive of the real mission establishment of a mission station. 
The station is a mere base of operations. Here the missionaries have their homes 
their training schools for both boys and girls, their little printing press and other 
apparatus. From this base they reach out among the heathen villages in a vast dis- 
trict, and from these schools the village teachers, the evangelists and native pastors 
are sent forth among the mountains and into regions which would otherwise be 
almost inaccessible to our American missionaries. For cuts of Toungoo see the 
Magazine for December. The district shown represents an area of about eighty or 
one hundred miles square. Study this map, and observe how serious a thing it is 
when the missionaries fall out from the care of such a field, and no one is sent to 
take their place. It has frequently occurred, and is occurring now on many fields, 
not for lack of men but for lack of means to send them. 

To those who are accustomed to think of the work of a missionary as something 
like that of a pastor in America, the map of " A Typical Mission Field " will be a 
revelation. The terms " a mission station," " an outstation " and " a mission field," 
doubtless offer merely a hazy suggestion to many. The Bghai Karen mission field, 
with its 28 outstations, 125 native preachers, 81 churches, 3,105 church members, 
and 1,261 scholars in 70 schools is committed to the care of Rev. Alonzo Bunker, 
D. D., who has his home at the central station, Toungoo, assisted by Mr. C. H. 
Heptonstall, Miss Johanna Anderson, and Miss Thora M. Thompson, and with the 
prospect of help from £. S. Corson, M. D., and wife, who have just gone out to take 
the place of Doctor and Mrs. Truman Johnson, who have been compelled to return 
to America by the failure of health. The work of supervision of the schools at 
Toungoo, the churches and schools at the outstations, and the advising, directing, 
and stimulating the native helpers would seem to be sufficient to task the powers of 
the most earnest and devoted missionary, but when we look at the vast number of 
heathen villages shown on this map, drawn by Mr. Heptonstall, and think of the 
anxious thought and longing which must rest upon the mind and heart of the mis- 
sionary in the effort to reach these multitudes with the gospel, we begin to realize 
something of what the work of a missionary must be. The following letter from 
one of Doctor Bunker's helpers shows in a vivid way the nature of the work. It is 
a sample of the reports which are continually coming in from this great mission field 
It is from the village of Thurtheeper which may be found on the map. 

Dear Teacher.— I will now write you and 
tell you about things being done here. By 
the grace of €k)d and His loving care, I am 
well and able to go on with my work. 

As for the new villages and the newly- 
formed churches of this side of the range, 
I have no special news to tell you. Thra 

Haider and I have visited the churches and 
administered the communion twice already. 
I wish to tell you about Thurtheeper, 
where I now reside. The houses being far 
from the chapel, during the rain the cows 
and buffaloes have made the road so 
muddy, that people do not care much about 


A Typical Mssion Field 

coming to the evening meetings. Bnt as 
for Sunday services, they are well at- 
tended. There Is no day school now. Bnoe 
has returned to Loowalco, and now It Is 
nearlng the harvest time, also. 

Last week I administered the commun- 
ion here, and fifty took part and three 
were left out, because they were accused 
of drinking arracks (whiskey). 

At the beginning of the month I went to 
Derper and Oapgal. The people at the lat- 
ter village were very earnest in the Lord, 
and some were professing Christianity and 
were asking for baptism. I told them I 
would come again after harvest and come 
with Thra Haider. The harvest is much 
later in this part of the country than else- 
where. I heard the people began to reap 
a week ago, on the east side of the Dayloe 
stream, i. e., west of the watershed range. 
The teachers' meeting will be held about 
reaping time on this side. If there is no 
one to go with me, it will be impossible for 
me to be at the meeting. 

You have asked me to be careful about 
money affairs, and I have always been 
very careful about the expenses. 

Whatever villages I have visited, I tried 
to get from them all I can for the teachers. 
The only thing I can get is paddy (un- 
husked rice) and nothing else. If there was 
any one I was in doubt of, I went to their 
paddy bin to see for myself. But in some 
places they do not even have paddy to eat, 
and it is very hard for the teachers. Those 
of us in this Brec country have twice as 
hard a time as those in the inside of the 
range. Vegetation of any kind is very 
scarce. The soil, also, being poor, we can 
raise no vegetables to speak of. This coun- 
try is not like our own. There are no mon- 
keys, wild pigs, wild fowls, or any other 
kind of game. This great difference I think 
you will understand somewhat. 

May I ask you, will you send for mamma 
and the children, and stay to work with us 
here in Toungoo? Or will you be going 
home to America? 

Since I entered the service in 1870 till 
now, as one of the committees, I was ap- 
pointed secretary, and treasurer for many 
years, and I was between the white teacher 

and the people, and it was very hard for 
me at times. 

Last August, Moochaylaw and Teetman 
came to me for money, because^ they have 
no more food. They said, "If we have 
nothing to eat we can no longer stay among 
the people, we must go home." I bor- 
rowed ten rupees and gave them each five. 
If you have any money now please to pay 
back the ten rupees. 

The hardest thing for me now is, I have 
no medicine of any kind. Probably you 
thought I have had too much already. I 
used them up in my own village here, and 
in other villages where I have visited. I 
distributed the medicine according to need, 
here a little, there a little, and sometimes 
the teachers in the villages would ask me 
for them; and in that way they would be 
used in no time. 

The medicines I received at the last 
teachers' meeting are all used up. Teet- 
man was sick and could not attend the 
meeting. He sent for medicine and I gave 
liim half bottle of quinine, half bottle of 
pain-killer and a bottle of chloridine, a half 
bottle of oil and some soda; and in that 
way the medicines are all used. 

The last time I sent for a bottle of pain- 
killer and some soda, and you said there 
are no more. I thought, probably, I have 
asked too much already and you did not 
care to let me have any more. O, Thra, I 
can manage in some way without food and 
clothing, but when the wife and children 
are sick, and being without medicines, it is 
the hardest thing in the world. We can 
not obtain them anywhere near, and It 
takes four days' Journey to go to town for 
them. What can we do? 

Are there any hymn books now? If 
there are, send me two copies. I will ask 
the men here to pay for them and send the 
money afterwards. 

Is mamma Bunker well and the children, 

I have something to ask you. It is a pair 
of trousers, a Jacket and a head-dress and 
some food. Ask Ah Brow to buy them for 
me. I would also like a bottle of pain- 
killer and some soda. 

I thank God very much for permitting 

A Typical Mssion Field 


me to be engaged In bis service, and few 
giving me bealth and straigth. Xoa, yoar- 
self, know that aU the men who mtered 
Ihe serrlce at tbe same time wJtb me are 
□nable to go aboat mncb. I am very tbank- 
ful tbat I can go about doing the work, and 
mn dtmb tbe big, blgb blUa. 

.\sk tbe teacbers and mammas to pray for 
me and for tbe Brec people. I rely on your 
prayera for tbe progrees of the work, and 
for tbe glory of Qod. 

■ Thra Saw Ka Dah, 

Prom Thnrtbeeper Village, 

(lYMUIsted bj Bammiii Klaipo). 

Doctor Bnnker writes: 

"Tbls is so good a picture .of work amonK 
tbe Ilrecs, tbat I am constrained to send it 

We have aided 113 men In preacblng and 
teaching Ihc Goaiiel, nod the nvcrnse aid 
given 39-9-fl rupees, or, roughly, less than 
(11 eacb, not an unfavorable comparlsoD 
with salaries of home pastors. 1 trust the 
accounts will prove satisfactory. We be- 
gin the new year full of hope. Tbe cer- 
tainty as regards the funds at our disposal. 
Is most helpful, and we have been able to 
lay out our work for tbe whole year with 
no element of micertainty, as formerly. 

We have Just closed a series of most In- 
teresting meetings with the pastors— tbe 
semi-annual conference of our native 
workers. Some have pronounced tbe meet- 
ings the beet we ever had In like cir- 
cnmstances. Certainly tbey reached a high 
state of Bptrltual i>ower. I look upon the 
state of the mission now with much satis- 
faction and hope. Serious difficulties which 
luive given ns great anxiety during the 
year have been all removed, and tbe feeling 
among the churches Is healthful and one of 

peace, where serious divisions were threat- 
ened. Two prominent pastors, who had 
fallen into serious temptation, have been 
reclaimed. Baptisms reported since Feb- 
ruary last, that iB, for seven months, nnm- 
ber 88. One ni'w church has been organ- 
ized among the Brecs during that time. 
Tbe pastors have taken vigorous measures 
to secure contrihutlonB of paddy for tbe 
support of the ministry among the 
churches, while the grain la being har- 


vested. Judging It easier to secure such con- 
tributions during harvest than later when 
gatliered Into bins. This In the way of 
self help. The crops ure good all over the 
field, and I hope we shall save of our ap- 
propriation sufficient for placing a goodly 
number of new native misaioniirlps. I 
have published my tract on '■Church and 
State in our Kartell Churches In Burma," 
and It takes well iind will, I hope meet a 
great need. 



MORE difficult than all will be the at- 
tempt to say something about Burma 
at once lucid and adequate, and worthy of 
the subject. From the moment of our land- 
ing at Rangoon to the time of our crossing 
the dividing stream on the Chinese frontier 
the whole experience was a Joy and help. 
Our testimony Is of things we have seen. 
Others not missionary might see the same 
possibly, If honest search were made. 

"Are there no blemishes?" There are 
said to be spots on the sun sometimes, but 
it takes a smoked glass to find them. In 
the earlier years of one's missionary aspira- 
tion the book that enthused and still en- 
thuses, was Dr. Judson's life. He became 
hero and example, much emphasized, prob- 
ably, by the hardship and difficulty of his 
early surroundings, experience and develop- 
ment in the old Burma which has now 
largely passed away. A short experience 
of actual missionary life serves to show 
how much the years have modified the con- 
ditions of mission work, a truism that is 
not always present to the minds of those 
who make modem missions in these most 
accessible fields, the subject of their not 
always discriminating remarks and com- 

The conditions that prevailed for the 
greater part of Dr. Judson*s life have 
passed away, and there are yet living in 
Burma those who have kept step with the 
entire revolution of things in the transition 
from Burman bigotry, persecution and 
hardness, to the more plastic, tolerant and 
comfortable character of British rule in 

It is the change implied in communities 
of foreigners supplied with the amenities 
of western forms of civilization, the tele- 
graph, the railroad, and the stability hap- 
pily inseparable from the domination of the 
British flag, in a realm where the mis- 
sionary's work is In quality and proportion 
of the finest order and greatest value. A 
just appreciation of this change is essential 

to a right understanding of the work in 

The constantly recurring question since 
we returned to China and have met with 
the scattered workera here, has been, 
'*What is the work in Burma like?" and 
that same question may be uppermost in 
the mind of the present reader. An ade- 
quate answer is difficult owing to the 
scope, nature, and variety of the operations. 

"What are the Baptists doing in Amer- 
ica?" is a question capable of many an- 
swers, but the one most generally given 
would probably be this in substance. 
"Doing? Why see our great national So- 
cieties for Home and Forelgrn Missions, for 
educational and publishing work, besides 
the numerous agencies centering around 
the local churches," and in such general 
and comprehensive terms might an answer 
be given as to the mission in Burma. 

When the initial work started here and 
there by Individual missionaries, began to 
bear fruit in the gathering of a local church, 
then came the question of self-support and 
pastoral supply. Following closely upon 
this was the problem of the adjacent 
regions occupied by the pagan element; 
and the church must do something for 
these, inasmuch as the faith that appro- 
priates the blessings of salvation also in- 
herits the responsibility of the servants of 
Christ. Hence the work of Home Missions 
in Burma. This could scarcely be settled 
ere the demands for a trained ministry be- 
came imperative, and so an equipment for 
education must be provided in order to 
supply the demand. 

Underneath all this effort lay a stupen- 
dous imdertaking, the importance and labor 
of which can hardly be understood where 
one abides always in the realm of one's 
mother tongue. The work of learning, as- 
similating, and effectively using a new 
language was necessary, and "as patieiit 
use brought skill," the task of translatliK 
was laid upon capable shonldera, whMl 

done, R Pnbllcatloii Society becomes wsen- 
tlsl and most be Inangurated. 

With tbe growtb of the cbnrch and en- 
largement of capacity and equipment came 
tbe question of tbe wider fields lying be- 
yond tbe froDtler of present endeavor. 

Tbe translators rendered Into colloquial, 
understandable vernacular the commands 
of the Lord. To preacb, to baptize, to 
teacb, in all the places, all tbe instruction, 
witb a promise for oil days; the theological 
teacher duly expounded and set this un- 
mistakable command la Its right relation 
to all other duties of tbe Christian system; 

rma 96 

the Book translated, converts gathered, 
churches formed, pastors trained, bome 
missions Inaugurated, the publlBbing so- 
ciety established, foreign mission work 
begtui and a large educatloual work suc- 
cessfully carried on. 

Evangelistic, literary, medical, pastoral, 
educational, publishing and exploring are 
some of tbe adjectives needed to define the 
work Id Burma. 

But the work is Imund up in tbe people, 
done by the people for the people under 
the guidance and energy ot the mission- 
aries. The Bnrman, stately and pictur- 


and the pastors preached on It; then, as 
vas to be expected, the churches acted 
upon It and tbe foreign mlralonary society 
raa bom. 

8och an Infant needs room for exercise, 
and bere among Shans, Kachlus, and the 
Luge nnevangellzed tribes of Karens In the 
(Bstam marches of Burma, room was found 
lad tbe society is expanding. 

So the mission work In Burma has 
Down from that first tiny effort when the 
npreme qnestlon was "Where can we find 
i ^ac« to Uvef" Tite languages acquired. 


esque; the Karen, lithesome and capable; 
tbe Indian, keen and pusblngi the Buruiu- 
Cblnese self-retiiint and expansive; the 
Shan with the air of a stranger; tbe Kachln 
with the flavor of the mountains; and the 
fringe of Anglo-Snxons connecting all; and 
so passes l>eforc one tbia heterogeneous 
unity, "from many, one" In the centralizing 
force of the Chrigfa new love. They can 
preacb to you In Burmese, Karen or Telugu; 
can examine candidates and move resolu- 
tions In as many languages as there are 
provinces In Burma; can sing "Jesus loves 


me" In a sweet, simple strain or render a 
selection from Bandel; can transact the 
routine business of an association or push a 
missionary enterprise among aeml-aarage 
tribes on the frontier; tiiese people whom 
we call children of our cliurch, our kins- 
men In faith and order. 

The men and women who under the 
Divine leading stand behind all this work 
are one of the marvels of missions. On 
one compound In Rangoon you may meet 
with a missionary whose life of stmty-three 


j/ears on the niinslon field Ib a chronicle of 
ail the development and espnneloti. When 
Rangoon was a Jungle and Christianity a 
risk be was there. And now in the white 
llglit of tlie fast neariug eternity he is work- 
ing at the ivvisiou of tile trauslated Bible, 
his offering iind monument. He is a mis- 
sionary by habit as well as education. His 
home and cbiidren are there and there also 

is the partner of his life and work Ud6 
away "in sure and certain hope of a glori- 
ous resurrection." In another home there 
you may romp with the grandchildren of 
one of the pioneer missionaries and see 
three generations of a mission household 
on mission soil. These "lions of Burma" 
are not In view to every harrying tourist, 
else we might hear sometimes a newer note 
in missionary criticism. 

Time falls to tell of the great family of 
earnest, capable sod successful wwkers 
who In so many places are annexing to the 
visible Kingdom of Ood the wastes of Idol- 
atry and superstition. Men and women 
with llie limltatlouB and powers of such, 
Inwrought -by a mighty Impulse, they are 
wortiiy of the backlog and prayers and love 
of tiie ciiurch at home. 

And there are enormous possibilities In 
Burma yet. Our work is not ended. We 
have come to the daybreak, but the noon Is 
by and by. Upper Burma is largely in the 
pioneer stage yet. Beyond the present con- 
fines of the occupied niea there is much 
land to be possessed. The time is oppor- 
tune, tiie road is open; we have but to 

Oni- last glimpse of the land in which two 
happy, fruitful months had been spent, 
was from the slopes of the Chinese hills 
opposite the fort at Nampoung. 

The blue haze lay upon the hills towards 
Bhiiiuo, and as thought took in the whole 
wide extent of the field and brought to re- 
membrance the names of beloved fellow 
workers, we appropriated tor our use in 
i-espect of all the words an ancient Israel- 
ile would have uspil, and »aldi "The bless- 
ing of the Lord be upon you; we bless you 
in the name of the Lord." 

May it be ever so. 




THE writer is a strong believer in the 
monthly missionary meeting. Among 
the reasons tor the faith that Lb in him is 
therasults of snch a meeting in the church 
^Uii^ch he has been connected for the 
last seven years. The church in question 

«^ aot large; it has less than 175 members 
'^Umm^MDd it had less than one-third of that 

^Dumber seven years ago. It is because it is 
not a large or wealthy church but simply 
an average church in point of numbers and 
flnanclal ability that this article is written. 
There are multitudes of churches that do 
not observe the monthly missionary meet- 
ing that could do so with as good results 
as in the present case. In many instances 
no doubt the results would be far better. 
First, a few words as to the method of con- 
ducting these meetings. They are held on 
the first Sunday evening of each month. 
They are not a synonym for dullness. They 
open with a brief praise service in which 
missionary hynms predominate. Then a 
short passage of Scripture bearing upon 
some phase of the missionary question is 
read and a brief and pointed exposition 
^ven by the leader. It is borne in mind 
that there are other passages of Scripture 
appropriate for missionary meetings beside 
the Great Commission. The wealth of allu- 
sions to the conquests of the Kingdom of 
Heaven as found in the psalms and 
prophets is often drawn upon. Much em- 
phasis is laid upon prayer and time for It 
Is always given. Occasionally the pastor 
occupies a considerable portion of the hour 
In giving a sketch of the life and labors 
of some noted missionary. Oftener the 
programme is taken entirely by the people. 
A^rticles of interest are read. Selections 
are taken from our own Missionary Maga- 
zine. The Kingdom and The Helping Hand 
are sometimes drawn upon. The magazine 
published by our missionaries in Asia has 
occasionally furnished an interesting arti- 
cle for the programme. The Missionary Re- 
view of the World with its ample supply of 

missionary information is often in demand. 
The children are not forgotten, for a con- 
siderable number of bright boys and girls 
attend the missionary meeting. Stories 
from the King's Messengers and other 
sources are eagerly listened to, by the chil- 
dren and often these stories point a moral 
that makes an impression on children of a 
larger growth. Letters received from 
friends on the foreign field also help to 
give variety and interest to the pro- 
gramme. Returned missionaries are occa- 
sionally secured for these meetings and 
some very helpful and inspiring addresses 
have been given by them. Now as to some 
of the results of these meetings. One of 
the results has been a quickening of the 
spiritual life of the church. Christian men 
and women can not be brought face to face 
every month with the teachings of God's 
Word concerning their duty to the heathen 
world without having a deepening spirit 
of consecration. Is it strange then that 
some of the young )>eople of the church 
who are securing a liberal education are 
turning their thoughts toward distant lands 
as possible fields of labor for Christ? 
Many of the members have come to look 
upon giving as a privilege as well as a 
duty. They have become cheerful givers, 
counting it no small thing that they are 
thus permitted to make sacrifices for 
Christ's sake. This spirit of benevolence 
has not resulted simply in increased con- 
tributions to foreign missions. Home mis- 
sions and other forms of benevolence are 
liberally supported. During the last few 
years the contributions of the church to 
foreign missions have averaged about one 
dollar per resident member, besides the 
amount contributed through the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society. Does some 
one say that this is not a remarkable re- 
sult and that there are plenty of churches 
that make a far better showing? Granted, 
this amount seems small indeed compared 
with the offerings of some of our large and 


The Blood of the Martyrs 

wealthy churches. But it must be remem- 
bered that the church in question contains 
not one wealthy member and very few who 
can be called even well-to-do. The chi>rches 
able to contribute their thousands are few 
indeed while the churches able to give an 
average of one dollar per member are le- 
gion if they could only be encouraged to 
such giving. If the entire constituency of 
the Missionary Union should give at this 
rate (I quote a recent statement from the 
rooms) ail our missions could be supported, 
the debt paid and one hundred new mis- 
sionaries seuf to the front within a year. 
A live missioiary meeting in each church 
once a month would help wonderfully to- 
ward this most desirable end. 

Some pastors hesitate to introduce the 
monthly missionary meeting into their 
churches for fear the people will not come. 
They will come If the meeting be made 
interesting and this can certainly be done. 
Our people lack information in regard to 
foreign missions. Give them plenty of that 

in an attractive form and they will give 
liberally for the cause. It may be objected 
that in many churches it is customary to 
have a sermon or address by the pastor on 
Sunday evening. Then let the pastor take 
for the subject of his remarks on the first 
Sunday evening of each month some mis- 
sionary topic. He will find a wealth of ma- 
terial ready to his hand. A series of ad- 
dresses on the missionary teachings of the 
prophets or on the missionary Journeys of 
Paul might go far toward settling the 
vexed question of the second service, for a 
quailer of the time at least. If the su- 
preme business of the church is to give the 
gospel to the world, twelve times a year is 
not too often to present the claims of for- 
eign missions. Such meetings can not fail 
to stimulate all forms of benevolence and 
to result in a deepening of the spiritual life 
of Christians. May the time soon come 
when in ail our churches the monthly mis- 
sionary meeting shall have its rightful 


THE recent anti-foreign riots in China 
have called forth numberless remon- 
strances against the sending of missiona- 
ries into that empire, and indeed into all 
parts of the world where there is any ex- 
posure of life or property. This is not to 
be wondered at from the point of view 
which men who are simply of this world 
occupy. Their maxim is prudence, not 
self-sacrifice for the sake of others. The 
newspapers are telling us, and individuals 
are repeating the statement, that it is use- 
less to attempt the conversion to Christian- 
ity of non-civilized people and that it is 
folly and a wrong to imperil the lives of 
men and women by asking them to live 
among the pagans of Africa or China. This 
is all very well for those who do not recog- 
nize the Lordship of Christ, but for those 
who call him Master and who believe that 
they owe to him infinitely more than the 
world can give, there is no alternative in 
this matter of preaching his gospel. They 

must obey his command. What if the peo- 
ple in Africa and China do not want them, 
as has recently been argued by a prominent 
secular newspaper? The world did not 
want Christ himself when he came to his 
own and his own received him not, OhrlB- 
tians bear the message they have received, 
not because men want it, but because they 
need It. And it is because they have this 
loyalty to their Master not counting their 
lives dear unto them, that Christianity has 
made its conquests in the world. Its vie- 
torles will altogether cease if the Christian 
Church ever becomes so limp that It cannot 
face martyrdom for Christ's sake. The 
trouble with those who question or deny 
the obligation to preach the gospel, even 
amid many dangers, whether in China or 
Africa is that they have no clear apprehen- 
sion of the authority of Christ over the 
service and lives of his followers.— 
Missionary Hcralfl. 



IN the Karen work we have seen much 
to hupire us with hope. Not the least 
Interesting: was a trip which I took in com- 
pany with two of our native preachers. 
There was a deficit of about Rs. 1,000 
in the school funds, and these two men 
had been appointed to raise it I was 
making my annual tour of the churches, 
and so they went with me. It gave me an 
opportunity to get a new insight into Karen 
character. Some of the Incidents were 
amusing, some pathetic. Before very long 
I could say to the people, "When I first 
came to Burma I used to hear the Karens 
pray that I might soon understand their 
ways, so as to be able to work among them; 
and now by the grace of God I can say 
that I have learned one peculiarity of yours, 
and that is, that your deeds always ex- 
ceed your words." 

The amount required was apportioned 
among the churches. At the first place we 
visited, some of the leading men talked 
about the illiberality of the church and the 
difficulty of raising money in such a way 
that I began to think we might not get 
more than three or five rupees, but next 
morning the full amount apportioned, Rs. 
HO, was brought to me. At the next place, 
a weak church where Rs. 25 was assessed, 
little was said, but the obligation seemed 
to be recognized as just as binding as a 
government order, and the heroic little 
band of poor, struggling, hard-worked peo- 
ple set themselves resolutely to the task, 
and contributed the amount without a 
murmur. I was particularly Impressed by 
the spirit of consecration manifested by 
these people, because on a former occasion 
I had been greatly distressed by the filth 
of their surroundings. At the next place 
risited, some misunderstanding had arisen 
on account of a false report that in some 
way got circulated about the school, and 
there was at first little disposition to do 
anything; in fact the people felt ugly. But 
Id the evening a meeting was held and the 

whole matter explained, and that night 
the people set about raising the money in 
such good earnest that at midnight some of 
them were running to and fro trying to 
dispose of articles of personal property 
to make up their contributions. One put 
up his dahf or long axe, for sale, and an- 
other rushed off to a village five miles 
away to find a Burman who had offered 
him Rs. 10 for a small elephant's tusk. 

At one village where Rs. 10 was assessed, 
the two Karen preachers did not dare men- 
tion the subject of a collection. The peo- 
ple were only a few years out from heath- 
enism, they had had an unfortunate case 
of immorality to set them back, and several 
pastors who had been sent to them had 
remained only a little while and then left 
They were greatly discouraged and spoke 
almost bitterly of the Association. We 
spent Sunday with them. Saturday even- 
ing a meeting was held, but not a word 
was said about the collection. Sunday 
morning another meeting was held, at noon 
another, but still no mention of the real 
purpose for which we had come. Finally 
Sunday afternoon the head man of the 
village, not a member of the church, called 
to him a young man who was with us 
and said, "How Is this? I hear that these 
men have come to collect money for the 
school, and at every place they have 
visited they hfeve asked for contributions, 
but here they have said nothing. Do they 
think we are not interested in the school, 
or that this church does not love the other 
churches and does not wish to be identi- 
fied with them in their work?'* The young 
man reported this conversation, and In the 
evening the subject of the school was 
brought up and dwelt upon In a manner 
to satisfy the most eager. Monday Rs. 
14 was brought me for the school, and I 
was told that each of the two native 
preachers received a personal present of 
Rs. 1 beside. 

At another place where Rs. 5 had 


A Karen ConCribiUton 

been assessed, the leading member of 
the cbarch. the only man, came to me 
and said that tbe people tbere were bo few, 
only himself and his Immediate relatives, 
and tber were so poor, cultivating most 
miserable eoti and with utmost efforts 
raising a bare subsistence of upland paddy 
(rice), which they ate wltbont otber ac- 
compaotment thaa eucb roots and herbs 
as they could manage to gather, that to 
raise even tbe small sum of Rs. 5 was 
very difficult for them. "I am very glad 
to bear you say so," I replied, and then 
told blm what I have said above, that 
whenever the Karens had talked dlscour- 

severa] men to carry my logKage Iw selsMl 
tbe heaviest article he could And and 
trudged along as happy as could be. Ha 
told me that no missionary had visited bli 
Tillage for twelve years, and wben I ex- 
pressed my Intention of going tbere every 
year if the Lord should permit, Us beui 
gave a great leap of Joy within him. Many 
bad urged him to leave his Inhospitable 
surroundings and move to some place 
where he could earn an easier livelihood, 
but be remembered my father's parting 
counsel, that be should be as a light In tbat 
dark place, and he could not go. I asked 
What,"' said he, "doesn't 

HiiiMKiy beforehand they had raised the 
full amount assessed them. And then you 
should hare seen his face. A twinkle 
shone in bis eye, and with a great sbout 
of glee he ran off as pleased as a child, 
and in a moment brought back Rs. 5 and 
laid them down before me. Afterward I 
learned that tbe contribution out of deep 
poverty was the result of a midnight 
wrestling in prayer. 

Dear old man! His was tbe fartbeet 
away of all our churches, over a high 
mountain which It took us a whole day 
to cross, but when we returned afoot with 

the teacher know my name?" It was 
really not strange that I did not, for tba 
natives never think of introducing a per 
sou on meeting, and they have such con* 
fusing names anyway that It la a hopeless 
task to team the names of tbe entlrs 
Christian community. "The people at 
Shwcgyln call me Tee-te-ree-too's father, 
but here at home I am called Maw-keb-tha's 
fatber." I saw that at the mention of 
Tec'te-ree-too a very tender subject had 
been touched upon. Teara came to the 
old man's eyes. Tee-te-ree-too wag bis 
oldest Bon. The name was one which ttas 

Medical Work in China 


child bad given himself. The father set 
great hopes on him. Out of his scanty 
earnings he sent the boy to schooL He 
hoped to educate him for the Ohristian 
ministry that he might go forth and do 
a work which he himself in his untutored 
ignorance had never ventured to under- 
take. But just as he was entering upon 
young manhood and the fond, prayerful 
hopes of years were soon to be realized, 
*'God took him, teacher, God took him. I 
osed to feel very badly about it, but now 
there is no rebellion in my heart. It is all 
right; it is all right God knows best*' 
And he brushed the tears away from his 

The amount contributed by the churches 
visited during this trip was Rs. 790. This 
with collections from various other sources 
brought the entire amount secured up to 
Rs. 1,162. Other churches bad already 
made special collections for the school, 
amounting in the aggregate to Rs. 488, 
a grand total of Rs. 1,600 for the year. 
I feared that this heavy drain on the 
churches might result in diminished con- 
tributions for the coming year, but when 
the collections were brought together at 
the Association there was found to be 
more than was brought up last year; all 
of which shows that it pays to milk the 
Karen cow often. 



THB medical work is progressing 
steadily. From January to date we re- 
ceived 199 in-patients, most of whom came 
from the eight districts of Kinhwafu; a 
few came from regions beyond, traveling 
from five to ten days to reach the hospital. 

One of our patients (from a medicine 
shop) had been boiling oil for making plas- 
ters. This oil caught fire, and in attempt- 
ing to put it out by throwing a quantity 
of lime on it, the burning oil splashed over 
the unfortunate man, scalding two-thirds 
of his body. We did all we could to alle- 
viate his sufferings, till on the tenth day 
he died. To my surprise the owner of the 
medicine shop called on me a few days 
later, in person, to thank me for the relief 
afforded to a dying man, and gave $10 for 
the hospltaL 

Another case Just discharged was that of 
a boy eleven years of age, who when a 
baby had his right hand scalded, and not 
being attended to, the fingers grew to- 
gether and on to the palm, making the hand 
useless. Dissecting the fingers he has now 
a useful hand, and is able to handle chop- 
sticks to the great delight of himself and 

The use of uncovered hand stoves causes 
many bums and accidents in China. One 
of these victims of the hand stove is a little 

boy seven years old, now under treatment. 
This boy's left arm, to within an inch of 
the elbow, has grown fast to his body, also 
results of neglect, or unintelligent treat- 
ment of a bum ; he is recovering nicely and 
win have a useful arm to work with— no 
small consolation to his parents, who are 
poor people. 

Amongst our opium patients recently dis- 
charged, was a literary graduate, who ex- 
pressed his gratitude in a poem of his own 
composition, and unintentionally shows 
how much he was impressed by the daily 
teaching received whilst under treatment. 
A still more encouraging case is that of a 
literary man, who came the distance of 
eighty miles. Though we could not hold 
out much hope of improvement in his eye- 
sight, he stopped with us for three mouths 
and returned to his home with the deter- 
mination to be a Christian. From a native 
preacher in his district we hear that he has 
learned to pray, and that he is now prais- 
ing God for the affliction to his eyes, as he 
might otherwise never have heard of sal- 
vation through Jesus. 

Pray that we may be made "vessels fit 
for the Master's use" and be made channels 
for imparting a saving knowledge of Christ 
to many who come to us. 



THE recent Liverpool Conference of 
Student Volunteers for Foreign Mls- 
aions was the moat International gatbering 
of Btudenta the world has ever seen, there 
being no leas than twenty-four nations rep- 
resented. In welcoming the foreign stu- 
dents tbe question was asbed, If they would 
uot Join In a great student brotherhood for 
the coronation of Jesus In all lands. After 
tbls each nation met together to pray and 
discuss bow they might bfst further tbe 
missionary spirit among their fellow stu- 
dents. Volunteer unions for Scaudanavla, 
Ueruinuy, Spain, France and Switzerland 
were at once formed and a letter from Aus- 
ti-alia told of tbe rising missionary spirit 
lu the universities of Melbourne and Ade- 
laide. On Monday evening following the 
ooBference about eighty Belfast students, 
ou board the steamship Magic, lined tbe 
bulwork lis the vessel moved to the middle 
of the river and shouted with one Tolce 
to their companions watching them from 
the shore, "The evangelization of tbe world 
lu this generation." The cry ran across the 
water and through the ships and along the 
wharf, making sailors and passengers start 
and wonder what it meant.— then the men 
on tbe quay shouted back. "He is able to 
do exceeding abundantly above all that we 
ask or think." Then In the silence the cry 
from the Magic came back again. "Amen," 
and the steamer sailed away in the evening. 
"During the last few months the cry has 
been rolling up and down the coUegcs. 
through tbe churches, and across the con- 

tinent, quickening men's expectations, and 
rousing a new endeavor to take powesslon 
of the world speedily for Christ." 

Immediately succeeding this conference 
Rev. t>onald Praser, traveling secretAr; 
for the Student Volunteer Union of Great 
Britain, made a rapid tour of some of the 
colleges of Europe. In Paris and Montan- 
banhefound that theworkwblcb had began 
at Liverpool was being vigorously carried 
on, while at other universities tbe news 
of blessings which delegates bad received 
was rousing a spirit of deep inquiry. At a 
conference at Geneva the Franco- Swiss 
Volunteer Movement was organized with 
more than forty members and a traveling 
secretary appointed. In Holland he found 
spiritual revivals spreading among the uni- 
versities. "The Dutch Eleven," who had 
returned from Liverpool, had spent two 
days together In prayer at Velp. One stU' 
dent was converted, and they started a 
Dutch College Christian Union. Dally 
prayer meetings lu most of tbe universities 
were lu progress, and many of the leading 
men were earnestly facing their personal 
responsibility to the foreign work. A Ger- 
man Student Missionary Union was formed 
at Halle from students representing six 
universities, and a call was Issued for 
dally prayer for the German nnlver- 
Bltles. Large and solemn meetings for 
students were held In Scandanavla fre- 
quently, followed by after meetings lasting 
till after midnight, while hours were spent 
in coDsultatlon with men who wanted t« 

For Bap^»% Young Pet^ 


about Obrist or the clalmB ot tbe f or- 
Itid. Stocklicdni reported no leaa than 
!en votonteen, and at Ckipenliasen a 
lanarian Tolonteer MoTement wag 
Ixed. Hr. Fraser writes: "Od out re- 
bome what a day of praise we had 
le way God had answered prater all 

tbe line, bot we were stUl Id the 
: ot oar praise when we heard the 

of what bad been done among the 
n stDdenta tbrouKh Mott and Wllder'a 
leDces — how elghty-aeveu Indian 
nts had professed converstou, a ban- 
and twenty-seven had consecrated 
Uves entirely for the evangellzatioa 
Ita, and more than seven hundred had 
I tbe morning watch. Thus Qod Is 
W tbe whole world with a great 
at brotherhood who have consecrated 
•elves to go forth Into all tbe world 
;lalm his Inheritance for Him. The 
>lous progress of the past fivi^ 
IS, which has been swifter than the 
)UB fifty years, tias made our hearts 
swifter for the near approach of 
Cs coronation day. All tliiH. however, 
. the beginning." 

It la Stellenbosch? It is the name 
town beucefortb to be known in 
y— tbe bistory of His kingdom,. whose 
it Is to reign; for tbis tittle village of 
nboscb, South Africa, recently gave 
me to tbe most repiesentatlve gatber- 
' students ever held on the continent 
rlca. We are astonished as we read 
word of attendance — fully five bun- 
itudents and teachers, rep reiien tine 

thlrty-otie InsUtatlons! Hwe was Inaago- 
rated tbe Students' Christian Association 
of South Africa, and during and Immedi- 
ately following the conrmtlon, at wblcta 
scores of Ohriatlan students witnessed with 
a power bom of tbe Holy Spirit, nearly a 
hundred men sought private Interviews 
with Mr. Donald Fiaser, well remembered 
as a representatire from Scotland at the 
Students' Conference tn Northfleld in '9S 
and now a missionary of the Frefe Ohurch 
of Scotland in South Africa, seeking from 
lilm direction as to how they might obtain 
the great salvation. At an after-meeting 
between fifty snd sixty arose to profess 
their determination to decide for Christ 

The tour of Hr. Fraser all through Cape 
Colony has been significantly blessed by 
the God of missions. At Wellington souls 
were saved, and at Blauw Vallel School 
there was a mighty breaking down among 
the hundred students, many calling upw 
Ood with strong crying and tears, thrir 
sobs eo loud at times as almost to make in- 
audible the prayers of their companions 
who were Interceding for them. In a slni^e 
day more than sixty of the hundred pro- 
fessed conversion, "These are glad tid- 
ings, " writes Mr, Fraser. "They have 
stimulated our. faith and expectation. We 
are crying to God to come with all his 
awful power and waken up godless, gold- 
seeking, pleasure-loving Africa. May we 
iiave your prayers, that floods of blessings 
inuy be poured out and the churches snd 
schools roused Into biasing zeal for our 
blessed Lord?" Who will not pray for 

B«T. ][. E. Flctclier 


m, Oct. 


I am not much surprised that yoa hare 
found It necsBsBiT to cut down the approprla- 
doQs, nor am I very macb dleappointed, be- 
canse 1 think it la the Lord's opportunity of 
making thie Qeld entirely selC-aupporting. I 
think this year I can make the school self- 
aupporting, and I may be able to return the 
Ra, TOO appropriated by the Missionary Union 
for tbe Bchool. We bare already asked Mrs. 
Baftord to coDcel the appropriation for Bible 
women, so that if I succeed in making the 
school self-supporting, Manbin will be inde- 
pendent of beip from home. 

BeT. W. W. Cochrane 

NlUKlUa, Nof. 1, 18M 

Opening ^ Hew Field.— I have always 
laid special streas on direct evangelization, bnt 
have never before been able from lack of 
helpers to do so much and so good work as 
now. It ia usually our experience that 
heathen turn out :n larger numbers, in jungle 
work, on fint visits, the numbers dwindling 
as novelty wears away. At our Namkham 
bazar, especially, the reverse is true, num- 
tiers increasing and attention more marked, 
Mrs. Cochrane, who ia able to go out now, haa 
been a great help to us in calling crowds 
together with her portable organ which she 
plays with "great acceptance." I think dur- 
ing the last month we have preached to at 
least one hundred people per day on tbe aver- 
age. This U a modest estimate. We aim to 
keep up to that irork during tbe cold season. 
Big feasta and large basars are in our favor. 
At these times we get a hearing of five or six 
hundred sometimea: at others not more than 
two or three hundred; and at small villngea 

in buay times, when Shana reap their paddy, 
perhaps not more than twenty-five or thirty. 

Ber. B. A. Baldwin 

TuiTEDiTO, Dec, It, IIM 
Th« year has been the hardest, busiest and 
happiest year of my life. What of resolta we 
see are but the manifeatationa of the Holy 
Spirit in His working througb ns. But we 
take this as but tbe promise of the deep, hid- 
den work that shall be made manifest in eter- 
nity. I never feel how utterly powericM we 
are without the Holy Spirit so much as when 
I enter a heathen village (or the fint time. 
All we can do is to preach the word and look 
to tbe Spirit to do Hia work. Aa regards my 
health 1 am careful. I have cleared mysys- 
tem of fever and a sluggiah liver by activity. 
Bight or ten miles over a mountain after an 
elephant or goml^re in the early morning does 
more for the liver than all the calomel or qni- 
nine in tbe world. Mrs. Baldwin eaye that 1 
dun't look like a missionary becanee I am too 


Ebt. E. W. Clark 

Avauni, Oct. U, IRM 
Brother S. A. Perrine and family have 
been a few days visiting ua here at Molnng, 
and yesterday, October IStb, we had tbe 
pleasure of baptizing nineteen converts, all 
young people. We are hoping that some of 
the young men from the Molung school, of 
which Ura. Ciark bad charge for year*, wiD 
prove valuable evangelists. 

Bev. O. I» Swanson 

SiseiaoR, Oct. ]S,in« 

In the Tea Oardens.— My famUr and I 

have Just returned from a very Intereattng 

tour in the nortbeaatpm part of our dlstrlA 



imday we were at Bamanbari, where 
*Ticee lasted about four hoars. Daring 
ae we had preaching services, examined 
uididates for baptism, had baptism, and 
the Lord's Sapper. Two years ago (the 
me I went to this place) I found three 
ana; they now number twenty-six. At 
ge daring the week we had meetings, 
ome other of our Ohristians, when we 
ed in a cow shed and again preached 

examined two cadidates, had bap- 
lie Lord's Supper, and lastly marriage 
my for two couples. The next Sunday 
ire at another tea plantation called 
I DuUung and went through the same 
mme as before mentioned, baptized two 
ates there, making 75 baptized believers 

this year. At this place we gathered 
ew chapel, the material of which was 
by the planter and the Christians did 
»rk themselves. 

le gardens where we were stopping we 
eetings with the heathen nearly every 
It one place we had as many as five 

hundred gathered one evening. The 
ay several of the people said, **I wish 
onld repeat what you said last night, 
ly we could learn to know your God." 
anagw of the tea plantation said him- 
It is a pity you are to leave, you have 
lined the people's confidence." Wher- 
re held meetings the people seemed 
to hear us and we could really see that 
rd was working on their hearts. 

Bev. A. Cadot 

Chaukt, Jan. 7, 1897 

ire to begin a new mission at Vic Sur- 
Two years ago when the McAIl mis- 
r boat was round about there, where 
e Baptist friends, one of the agents. Dr. 
oa, a Baptist, had told us that the room 
id opened at Vic would be given us, as 
»ld was a Baptist one. But some other 
trs of the McAll Mission were opposed 
therefore they sent there a converted 
Nrho did many unwise things and failed 
her in his efforts to bring souls to 
Now the McAll Mission offers us to 
le room they have opened. We have 
d — ^Brother Andm and I — to make an 

experiment for three months, and if we suc- 
ceed we will continue. Thus the presence of 
Meyer at Compiegne will be useful, and as 
Brother Andm will not be able to go to La 
Fere before the month of September, I fear, 
he will help much in the efforts we intend to 
make at Vic Sur-Aisne, which is not very far 
from Pierrefonds where he lives. 

We have now very encouraging meetings 
in three new places of our Ghauny field, in 
three localities called Goucy-la-Ville, Ver- 
neuil-sous-Coucy and Beaumont-en-Beine. 
But as it is far, with bad roads, I am afraid 
not to be able to have strength enough to con- 
tinue our encouraging meetings all the winter. 

Bev. 0. B. Banks 

BWSMBA, Sept. 24, 1806 

Highways for Our God.— We have been 
having a very long spell of dry weather here at 
the equator. I never saw anything like it be- 
fore, almost nine entire months without rain. 
Mr. Sjoblom and myself take week about to 
conduct the daily services on the station; 
that is, that each may have every alternate 
week for making longish journeys to the 
towns around, while he who conducts the ser- 
vices on the station visits the nearer towns. 
Thus we are trying thoroughly to evangelise 
our district. On account of the physical as- 
pect of the country, we encounter difficulties 
in traveling from town to town, not having 
any road. We often got a fever and were 
not fit for much for some days after we came 
back. We therefore decided it would be bet- 
ter to remove these obstacles and accordingly 
set to and cut roads and dug ditches on either 
side. We also made bridges over the swamps 
and creeks. Mr. Sjoblom took the road to 
Wangata, I to Bojea. Altogether I have 
made about two hundred yards of bridge work 
in five bridges. We can, therefore, on my 
side go a long distance over a good road 
clear of water. We have thus been able to 
evangelize the district near us more thor- 
oughly than in the past, and we find an in- 
creased interest in the gospel message in all 
the towns. In Wangata the work seems to 
have taken a good hold of the young people, 
and about eighteen have professed a desire 
to follow the Lord, some of whom we believe 


Abstract of Proceedings of the JEkeecutive Committee 

are truly converted. Of those who professed 
before I went home last, but fell away, sev- 
eral are, I believe, truly seeking to follow 
the Lord, and are truly sorry for the shame 
they have thrown on the church. We do not 
think, however, of taking any of them into 
the church for some time, until they give 
evidence that they are truly converted and 
not just moved for a while. 

Oood Scholars.— Mrs. Banks has now a 
school of about seventy or eighty young men, 
lads, and women from the town, some com- 
ing four or five miles to the school and re- 
turning the same day to their towns; this 
without any encouragement in the way of 
"dashes" or pay. They are not charged for 
schooling; but I was wanting to plant some 
plantain trees and asked the boys and young 
men in the school if I could buy any at Wan- 
gata as there were so few at Bolengi. They 

said, "Buy them! No! We will bring them 
to you for nothing." So the next day when 
they came to school nearly every boy was 
bringing plantain trees for me, and this they 
did every day until I had as many as I 
wished. The Bolengi people brought some 
and wanted a brass rod each, but this I would 
not give. I gave one rod for two. I then of- 
fered to pay the Wangata people for those 
they had brought, but they would not take 
anything. Some of these young men go off 
regularly every Sunday to tell what they 
themselves hav^ learned of Ohrist and EQs 
love. They also have a little service morning 
and evening in Wangata and suffer a good 
deal of petty persecution from their fellow 
townsmen. Some of these young men are 
learning to read nicely, and will I trust in 
time become very effectual evangelists. 



The Meeting of Januaky 18, 1897. Twelve Members Present. 

MISS LA VERNE MINNISS of Bradford, Pa., was appointed a missionary of the Union 
on the recommendation of the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society. 
The Treasurer reported the return to America of Rev. G. J. Geis and family of Myit- 
kyina, Upper Burma, and an allowance was made for his support in this country. 

Tlie Home Secretary presented the following resolution which was adopted: "That the 
Amencan Baptist Missionary Union heartily concurs* in the proposal for a special joint effort 
with the American Baptist Home Mission Society for the raising of a fund for the payment of 
the debts of the two societies, the fund to be devoted to the two debts pro rata^ according to 
the amounts of the debts respectively." 

The Home Secretary stated that a parlor conference in regard to the matter of raising the 
debts would be held in New York on February 11. 

The Foreign Secretary stated that Rev. John Firth of North Lakhimpur, Assam, has given 
Rupees 1,350 toward a house for a new missionary at that station. An appropriation of Rupees 
2,650 additional was made and the offer of Mr. Firth was thankfully received. 

The Foreign Secretary presented a communication from Rev. A. Friesen of Nalgonda, 
India, stating that a large amount of gifts is received from the Mennonites in Russia for spe- 
cial work on his field, and arrangements were made for the continuance of the work daring 
Mr. Friesen' s absence. 

The matter of duties on tlie goods of missionaries was referred to the committee on rules. 

The sale of the property of the Union at Katha, Upper Burma, was authorized. 

The Recording Secretary presented the offer of Mr. John J. Smith of a bouse and lot at 
Newton Highlands, the net income to be used for the support of a missionary. Mr. Smith 
having formerly intended to be a missionary himself, but being prevented from going abroad, 
wishes to assist in providing for the support of a missionary in his place. 

The Meeting of Fehkuary 1, 1897. Thirteen Members Present. 

The Treasurer presented a statement of the finances to February 1, showing that the total 
receipts are $178,259.95, which is $66,090.56 less than last year. 

Rev. Adam Fenner Groesbeck of Rochester Theological Seminary, and acting pastor at 
Parma, N. Y., was introduced to the Committee and gave an account of his Christian experi- 
ence and call to missionary work, and was appointed a missionary of the Union. 

Rev. George Arthur Huntley, for five years with the China Inland Mission in Shensi 
Province, China, was introduced to the Committee, and gave an account of his Christian and 
missionary experience and was appointed a missionary of the Union. 

It was voted that all original deeds of property in Burma be kept in the safe of the Mis- 
sionary Union in Rangoon, and that whenever it shall be necessary the Attorney is to furnish 
copies to the missionary in charge of any piece of real estate. 



[The references are to this number of the Maoazinb] 

1. Praise Serylce. 

2. Scripture. Isaiah, 96. 

3. Prayer. 

4. Sinsring. 

5. Letter from Rev. W. W. Cochrane, (p. 


6. Letter from Rev. B. A. Baldwin, (p. 


7. Letter from Rev. M. B. Fletcher, (p. 


8. Let several lead in prayer for the pros- 

perity of the work of the Lord in 
Burma, *'Oiir oldest mission field." 

9. Singing. 

10. A Notable Sunday, (p. 89.) 

11. A Taungthu Convert, (p. 90.) 

12. Singing. 

13. A season of prayer for those recently 

converted out of heathenism. 

14. Singing. 

15. Offering for the Missionary Union. 

16. Doxology and Benediction. 



' MAINE. $804.82. 
Nobleboro, 8. 8. mlMion 

elan of lit ch.. tow. Mip. 

n. pr. Pa Hah |6 00 

WaterrlUe S. S.. for sup. n. 

pr. liomboram, care Bar. 

P. H. Moore^ Nowgong. 

Aaaam 21.68 

Calais ad ch 61 66 

Bockland, Geo. II. Bralnard, 78 00 

Bnckfleld ch 10 00 

Caiarlcaton, Free Temple 

ch., completing $100, for 

four nat. preachers, care 

Dr. Banker 00 

Bar Haitior ch 10 00 

Bradley ch 64 

Passadnmkeag ch 90 

Oldtown ch 8 84 

Great Works ch 60 

Bangor 2d ch 18 27 

Bangor & 8 14 68 

B. Corinth ch 1 42 

Brew^ 1st ch 11 26 

Brewer S. S 4 81 

ftowbegan, Mr. J. O. Smith. 6 00 

BeckUnd 1st ch 26 08 

Ospe Neddlck ch 6 86 

Hancock Point, Mrs. Maria 

lu Crabtree 2 00 

Parkman 1 00 

PorUand Itt ch 26 00 

NRW HAMPSHIRE. $142.87. 
Conway, Mrs. 8. B. Ham- 
blen $3 00 

PUlstow ch 4 60 

UttletoB. Mrs. O. P. Chlck- 

•rlng 14 00 

OreeDTflle ch 6 00 

Oasa. North Sanbomton ch.. 

"Christmas tithe offering" 2 46 
North SaabomtoB, Jr. O. 
■., addl., tow. sop. Miss 

Marr Hawlej. . . .' 10 

Lebanon ch 26 on 

Maaebester Swedish ch 80 00 

West Swansey ch 4 00 

Hepklntoo ch 10 00 

Antrim ch 88 82 

Antrim S. 8 10 00 

Note: $16 rec'd Id Aug. '06 and 
$20 rec'd In Dec. '06 shoold be re- 
ported as from the T. P. of the 
1st Sw. cb. Concord, for sup. of 
Rot. E. V. SJoblom, Congo Mission. 

VERMONT, $118.05. 

BurllDgtOD let cb. (of wb. 
10 is fr. S. S., tow. sup. 

Potbepogu Henry $19 00 

Wilmington cb 4 80 

Manchester Centre, Rev. J. 
A. Swart and wife, for n. 
tr. Ma. Mo Bwln, care 
Mni. J. B. Case, Burma. 10 00 

Rntland, a friend. ^^ 26 00 

West Haven cb 35 00 

Chester, Toung Men's Bible 
Class, tow. sup. Kalkany 
Katama, care Rev. John 
Dasaman, Vlnokonda, In- 
dia 6 25 

Bristol y. P. S. C. E 4 00 

Bristol cb 1 00 

Balcersfleld, Brigbam Acad- 
emy, Miss L. Q. Cum- 

mings 1 00 

Bennington Y. P.. for n. 
pr. Moo Kau, care Dr. A. 
Bunker 12 60 

MASSACHUSETTS, $6,210.02. 

Fitcbbnig 1st cb $100 00 

West Fitcbburg, Betb Edeu 

cb 60 20 

Westboro Ist cb 26 00 

Sharon, Rev. E. F. Merriam, 7 60 

Winchester, a friend 6 00 

North Lererett Mission 

Band 5 00 

Reading S. S 3 82 

Middleboro, Central cb 36 00 

Middleboro, Central Jr. B. 

Y. P. U 1 9S 

Bererly Ist cb 170 00 

Broolcllne let cb 430 04 

Newton Centre Ist cb 311 50 

Elm Hill cb.. Jr. Y. P. S. 

O. E 2 30 

Winter Hill S. S 14 39 

Springfield, State-st. B. Y. 

P. U.. for sup. n. pr. 

India Kotlab, care Rev. 

C. R. Manb, Marlcapur. 

India $16 00 

Winchester B. Y. P. U 18 78 

Palmer 2d cb., for sup. K. 

Benjamin, Ongole 3 60 

Clinton (of wb. 20.60 Is for 

sup. Solomon Vencntlab, 

Ongole, India, care Rev. 

J. E. Clougb; one dollar 

from lady for the debt), 21 60 
Jamaica Plain, Centre-st. 

cb. in part 16 00 

Boston, Tremont Temple 

cb 48 80 

I Brookllne, Miss L. M. Wil- 
son 100 00 

Lawrence Ist ch 26 00 

Mfilden 1st cb 46 00 

Cllf tondale 1st cb 4 00 

Chelsea, Cary-ave. Y. P. S. 

C. E 2 50 

Metbnen 1st cb 21 69 

I Sontbbrldge. Robert H. 

Cole 60 00 

Brewster. Ist S. S 4 86 

Lowell, Wortben-st. cb 20 66 

Cbarlestown Ist cb 40 00 

Andover cb 34 78 

Boston, Tremont Temple, T. 

C. Evans 5 00 

Roston. Clarendon-st. Y. P. 

S. C. E.. for native prs. 

Nirnial. care Rev. O. L. 

Swanson, Slbsagor; Hpo 

Tbeug, care Rev. L. W. 

Cronkblte, Basseln; Knth- 

opolll, care Rev. W. E. 

Powell, Nursaarapetta; 

(^addala, care Rev. W. E. 

Powell ' 118 00 

.Mrs. Ellen A. Carter 6 00 

Boston 1st cb 98 46 

Boston, Rev. W. E. Noyes. 1 00 

Dorchester Temple cb 50 00 

Boston, Clarendon-st. cb.... 293 42 
Boston, Clarendon-st. cb.. 

Rev. W. E. Witter 26 00 

tntlnc II n. B. 
■n B. L. U.... 

BtlsBi, Cenlnt cl 
BtlelnrtowD eta. . 
■MnM lit eb... 

, Nonh"ch7!. 
Bo^Ddala eh., Mr. j, Ityd- 

. 12S 00 

. 400 00 

. 14SM 

. 1« 04 

. 1»00 

. IB 13 

. 10S 00 

AlKton, BrlcbCoD 

Nerth Oiion 
W«t Samin 
BcrtDtfleld, I 


Staanowt, ■ m«Dil W 2T 

ProTlduKa 111 eh IBS TT 


A frirnd! "Baatnn' ...'!!!! 2M 00 
TorrlDKfonlt Un. A. C- 

14'niaa 4 00 

winiDuntle eh. *d<l] TOO 

IlinfonJ, Souih Bapt. eb. 4S «0 

Gmlnii Ue^KKO B. S fl t» 

«i.iiBe1UOc work 40 00 

Clemooi' ■......',...,' 4 00 

WilllDgfanl 1st cli lOO 68 

Nomch Sd. ch T M 

Supnej ch 30 40 

Hj-de, tor 'lh« deht.!....' 13 «», J. B 





tairn ch.'addV.' 
B C. E. atwlftv 

Npn- York CItf. I!.gle-«TB. 

10 00 

Whlt«boro ch 

vjr yirt*6«V.'«.ri«r'. 

T, P. 8oclHHei *f ""ll^ 

Ve* Yofk C1l7. MHrin»r'. 
Temple. Un. Atcit'* 

."."foflo^- 'N.'"B™SrtSd 

Sow York C»r. 18lh rt, Y. 
Now Tnrk Cllr. do. r. pr.. 

Y, P. S. C. R 

Midl»n Sr. Y. P. B. C. B. 


000 N 

1 73 I 

New York Oltr, Ifaw «•• 

ebellc S«lein eta (11 M 

Yonton, WaAortoa-a**. B, 

Mt.' Vanaa.' "i' i'riaBi".'.'.'. 4M 

Ml. Vernon. "A friend".... SB 

BrmklTD. Grcenicoad 8. 8- 10 M 
Bnokln Bipilit -Tevple B. 

Bnigkiin.' ' iiiwi' pi.M ' & 

.'i. (JddKD MMi'y Soe.). KOI 

niwikiTn, PllnlTD eh «« M 

oh. ■ »0I 

FliM But NaiirTorfc'iui^ 

Circle urn 

Oreea-iTe. eta 1.I4B M 

Loni liliDd CItT. But-ate. 

eta •« 

Kin.-k. roll, tt pnrtT BHt- 

Lnir MM 

I'oiiet^kcfrXe iKt eta. X. P. 

^. C. R„ tar >in>. B*T. I. 

Speti^ber « « 

Cornwall eh 1111 

Klncaioo lit eta MM 

SaacerUas eb 10 41 

Kent cllSi. tit Kent eb... BM 

Carmel eh IS 00 

JamntowD lit Sw. eb IM 

Ricbhot* eh. 14 m 

ninelnniton. CilniT T. P. 

n. -f. K EM 

rrnnkllnillle B. S Oil 

l^i'v il. Rlc-iiiTd* aad Bar. 

Ro1«rt Wellwood BM 

Kenned J T. P. 8. O. t, 

law. lal da in 

Canlaleo eb M TO 

Oitord B. 8 ISai 

Oiford Y. P 141 

GiMiie ch ITM 

R. W. Kallj, 

Albiar. Hopa eh... 

(10 oo 

at A noiMa T. F. 
■. 4 DO 

. P. B. a E SOS 

tMtUt eh. IM 

ug T. P. HlH. Boe. 10 00 

at 8. a 1100 

at dL n 00 

eh. 0000 

T. P. 8. O. X.. 
rwk tt B«T. A. V. 

mb. TodDtDo 10 00 

a. 8., tor do BOO 

nr JBftSEt. t82B.S2. 

mn..m.jr. Kt*^m. 
Bn. B. Horn*, 

Boimt (T SO 

« A. W. Rocon, 

s, KbtdooiI iDdU.. 300 00 
l—n , Iron ■ Mood 
L u. It Suidamf ■ IB S 
M, i. D. IdtndB, BO OD 
Faik 8. 8. iBWlil 
f tlM lot B. S. tor 
L H. BkOMk D. D.. 

If *."J"!!!!!!" nos 
SB go 


1 OB 

HOI eta St to 

•r C. B. Y. p. (or 

In AoHin S OB 

lot eb. aod Bar. 

TUlof B3 78 

Bok eta. 8 10 

•ck 8. 8 I BB 

■flUd 8. 8 i ei 

Ptonlawiir TovD 

B 8C 

. Botbonj a. a.... to «3 

'. MBO 

n lol cb'.B.B"!! SB 81 

r lit eta. B. 8 K 00 

iblii, W. O. Trltt, 
■0(7 Bf Dol^ Ttlar. 

lacu ulHloo fU 00 

ptala, BlocUor eta. 

a. C. S. 11 00 

pTo. 80 

own, U ell, 8. 8., 

•wV elMi BOO 

X T. F. B. □. ft., to 
tow. np. JHoKa 

J*! coDco. ,*..,.' Bqoo 

b eta. B. T. P. v.. 

Dovola. . . .' 10 00 

It Bin4lita eta 10 00 

i. T. F BOO 

osd et. LadJo* lor 

t BVT. W. B. Ooo- 

iii.' ' A.' i-. ' vVli '.'.'. BO 00 

M. O. W. KdowIm boo 00 
It eta. oiMl B. B.... 10 M 

n M 8. 8 TOO 

«D M eta. f)an- 



Ellwaod CHf. eta. 

• B. T. F. C... 

larrlMowB lit eta. Oodco 

Hn. 8. J. piiUrm.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.', 
Bar. A. D. Wlrta tor AMcm 

Mn. Ctairiu'uihir! I 

Bone OroTO B. T. " 
Hi. FlMUOt eta. I 

Dnnbsr cli 

ShSmain 'Oitt.'lu'eb.'.'.'.'. 
Kowbeny Hemai1>l eb 

WTiiB*To."Br! 'a! ' B.'pitM^ 

CdIod eb., Pltubuv II 

B. i'.'p.'ii.V. 

. eh. 

HiRlnlllo cb 

CurtlD, J. Q. Birkac. .. 

BnekluHdcs cb. 

Phelpa iBd wiie 

SaodoakT. Wixno-«t. eb 1 TB 

. eta 13100 

Olln Biaoeb eb.. . 

•OodU eta 

iBt'i Creek eta... 


U M 

DOTer, W, L. Dean. 
reorla tat cb. V. F. 
Alton a. B 

Pilgrim Temple 

Blbls eUM, nil. 

La Onnfo 0. R 

La Dranis eb 

Nonnal Park eb 

Oak P*A eta 

p. B. BUhonl 

Anna cb 

Frtoport, Mrt.'Baliij i 

«n. Olin 

BtertlDK cb 


Foiloii a. 6 

IdDtnllla S. 8 

ADbor 'eb.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'... 

yaiwlllaa' i' 8. np.' '6 

Hiaalfo eb.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'... 
ItoUaann, Jane JaanlDf* 

B BO i CordoTi 


1 Orore cb 10 00 

Bactsiraod. Woouia'i Olrda, 

Bct'. 1. b', CloncD.! too 00 

UolU*, Womu's Boe. 10 00 

Oblcago. ^Dlh Tabanuda 

cb. bolaiMe IS >* 

fitalnta tat Danlib cb S 01 

rannjo, Pll<riBi ct......... 18 06 

EinkikH ch 9 eG 

IOWA. fS81.4a. 

OuDplwll. Snfaat-t Bnlnanl, K 00 
Part Mxllaon B. I. P. D.. 
toir. aalirr Ur. J. U. Oar- 

leLI. Auim B 00 

WHIerleo lal cb 100 00 

Ma»a aij cb SS OS 

panr. ' HannDiacoada. 

iDdli 10 00 

Aama. Itrt. B. O. Shap- 

benl 1 00 

ADrara. Bdllb C. Sbepbenl. 1 00 

Aomn, LaierD* abepb«nl. , W 

Olurle* OUj 00 

Ouf* MSI 

Cedar Fglll 12 M 

WMt UBion c'E B BO 

Weit Dolim ». S la BS 

Weat DDloa, Rbt. B. B. QH- 

letle < 70 

Wallmin eta 4 » 

EiDcnon S. S S IS 

U Clalw 10 ra 

PiMWDt Tallaj T6 

Oitudy Oantri!--" M oo 

DuTin* a fl S« 

Klnm Boctftr BO 00 

rihnii Cltt Boe 11 BO 

FoiMl Clt)'. «elt7 JobnaoB, 1 BO 

Badford B. Y. F U B 00 

HICBIQAN, t20a.1S. 

Datrelt. Woodw.rd-Bip. ch. »8 87 
Part Hunn. Howard Mia- 

aloD B. t. P. IT i SJ 

Worber'a Bible fUm, ton. 

Uii all DiH. isee IB 00 

Datralt. Nortta-ll. eh.., . ABO 

OrliBTllla eb 1' <5 

Iiowau «i S 87 

Hlddmltte eh • * » 

Rocktotd eb ! >0 

PortUnd eh KM 

BelltTUla ch BBS 

BeUartle B. T. P. U 1 S3 

Sontb a%na 17 00 

Sanlt 8I«. Marie B 00 

nnrfn.o.v11le Sw. ch 100 

Lodlactsn Dinlab ch 1 IB 

LudlonoD Wotd. S«. .. ... 1 86 

UaDonlDM aw. eb 10 00 

QnlDCJ 13 08 

MINNESOTA. teiD.7fl. 

FirtbaulC. Mn. M. A. ClIR. 120 20 

Btlllwater ch B 00 

St, Panl lat ch 10 84 

"6b,r'.l"..";..'"..": .» 

4 triraa. (or W. Chln>.,,, 88 00 

Lata CltT ch M 31 

DKluth. lit cb. Ir. B. T. P. 

0. 3 80 

Cbencr, Hr«, I. a. Brina-- 100 00 


AutM cb fiaoD 

KeniwrTllK B. T. P. V.... 1 SS 

Kmmo cb B 00 

l*™r ch lOEB 

Btna eb 00 

Like Crratal cb IS H 

at. Paal Nor. Dane B. T. 

ReT. N.Llchrla'uanien!!! 10 00 

M[nneainll(. Klng'i Annr.. 3 00 

W. DolDlb. Hilda VbAman I OD 

Perfiia Palla S. S B 4B 

A. and B. Omixi 1 OB 

MlDDHpolli. aUd TIdlDca 

Sw. 3000 

Mlaneapolla, Un. P. X. 

AnderaoD 10 00 

WIODebacD. Cbaa. JofanwiB 3B 00 
SI. Pinl, 1*1 SwedUh. Cbaa. 

Bjorb STB 

8t. Pan] lit Swedlati, Birth - 

<li7 SoeleU ror V. Fasl. 

B«r«<l«. India. .' WOO 

PBtls. InrtlB e BO 

C.reenlot oh SSI 

■,v.- IB 00 

. I' S... 30 00 

HKilocli' ch.'... '..'.'.'.'.'. SOO 

SlanchBald IB 00 

aear Lake Y. P. Soe SOD 

Clear I^ke OUd TIdlnci" 8 00 

Aleimdria. Uitle Hel(>en> 10 TS 

Cotntn trlrnia '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 18 80 

All^rt I«o. Sw ch. T. P. a. B 00 
Rncktoa. ror Uob Le, Sau- 

dowiy. Burma 13 00 

Ulln-nuk.^, bay View rli. 

mlulon circle »10 00 

Mllwattkee. Ulaa Jnlla 

WeDf, (or acbool work. 

ADihrnt.'iiwedlih'cb.l!."! 8 OO 

Mllwanliee. Soatb ch 300 0) 

New Llibon S. 8 8 00 

MoodoTi ch t S3 

TmnpeilMB. Urt. Tmea- 

Tretnpeileaa. Ur. Chaptn. , 1 00 

Midl'aon? cVaKitt.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 10 00 

orwn ii»> ui'-cb.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. was 

Ciitikoah III cb 87 M 

Onotabert womaD for 

flgema S. S 1 BO 

Itoinl of Bom* and Fcrtlcn 

Mla.loiii ST8B0 


ChoDBte cb (BOO 

Lincoln cb\ /...'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. B 29 

Caldwell <-b.. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 10 00 

Bonier Creek eb 3 00 

LlherlT S. S. I 01 

Ohbc CIW ch 96 

Ottawa, A. U Dana 2 03 

RoMdale ch I IB 

Wctmore 8. S 80 

Pnilrl* Temt^ eh T 00 


i-n» en Ill 

UL Plaamal eb M 

Uoand VaUar S. B > SO 

OoDcordla eb S 00 

BnnKii B. 8 10 M 

Baidtn, Bn M. Smith 10 00 

CmnhrUUe, Mr. »iid Mra. J. 

is Anilrewi, for the dabt. |B » 

VaUaj eb SM 

Oakland. U. Q. Norrbr BOO 

Datbil cb 3K 

Prairie Unloa eb 1 IB 

Banenn T. P. B. IN 

FraoUIn cb. 3 BB 

OakUnd W. a 10 00 

Slronialnic T. F. B., t(nr. 

OOLOBADO. •143.00. 
Dcnrcr. a. W. G11donil«re. !» J 

Iml Q.rlln..rHlo cha tBO 

siBtP B, ¥. p. D BOBO 

n-^ncer Cnlillol Hill ch.... BB IB 
DenTer, Oapltol HOI Bw. T. 

'''loff""'.'"!)."" IT.' T;. ..'.?: uBo 


ilflkl4ina lit cb HOW 

Snn Fmnclico. Bamllioo-aq. 

Aauaa B.' T.' P." V., tot watt. 

BCT, W. Wmd B« 

I«» Anielea, Mesortal Cb. • SB 
U>, A Dselea awede^T.^P^. 

Slbaafor IB SO 

National Cllj B. 8. Cbrlat- 

maa offerinl 4 tl 

Annana. B. F. UcF 
Fnano. S. 8. ChriT 

Banolng B. T. P. D.. tow. 

fiin. Kcv. TT. Wjnd ISO 

•;«n Birnu-llno B. T. P. v., 

r,v}i'iknr""'..'.r: ubd 

^"ii,'"i-*V a^th. i). D...' 4» OB 

I'K'noot ValUf eta TW 

Lima Swede eb., tor np. a. 
pr. Uonnc Wa Awe. em 
"- " U DaTaoport, 

, s 8 !!!^!!i! 3 IB 

inilUe, A, P. ADdar. 


ill. B. Albartoo IS 

OREGON. tar.SB. 

,„ cb *4 BO 

a. S •« 

Oaka eb 300 

I oniTe. Frlesd* at 

ilona BBB 

■od Sd eb. B. T. P. U. 1 ■ 

. J. W. Oarila. "■«■ j,^ 

tl a. 8 mn 

Wbateom 8. B. OkiM- 



VancooTer Jrs |1 60 

Ymaeowwvt 8. 8 8 60 

FMnoB cfa. W. Olrde 6 00 

Ooltez 8. 8 8 00 

IDAHO, 986. 

OiMiir d'Alena, Y. W. S«ih 
d«r. "New Tamr offerlnf," $26 00 

MONTANA, 113.66. 
QrMt FaUfl Sw. ch |12 66 

NORTH DAKOTA, $61.10. 

Mandan ch $4 Op 

Bianuirek, Ber. N. J. Thom- 

qutot 1 00 

Crystal 8. 8 8 86 

Mlnto ch. 19 86 

Grafton ch 14 60 

Langdm ch 10 00 

SOUTH DAKOTA, |88.61. 

Orleans ch |28 86 

apirk Co. eh 6 80 

Slonz Falls ch 6 00 

Lake Nordan ch 4 00 

Lake Norden S. S 8 00 

Berton ch. 11 70 

Salem T. P. 8 1 00 

BloomlQsdale ch 6 00 

Centrerllle, UQion class.... 6 00 

Anna Jensen 16 00 

Margin S. S 2 06 

Marvin, H. D. Berg 2 61 

OKLAHOMA, $21.00 

Pawnee. C. W. Goodman. . $10 00 

EI Reno S. 8 1 00 

Oklahoma City ch 10 00 


A-to-ka. Dr. J. S. Marrow, $6 00 
VInlta 8. S 1 00 


Cltraoelle, Delia Woodbmy, $1 00 
Boaedale, Max J. Schlmmel, 6 00 

Vickstrarg, Bra A. Hill $6 00 

ASSAM. $496.20. 

Molnng. personal donation 
of RsT. B. W. Clark tor 
bld«. hoose, Rs. 908-6-0. .$268 48 

No. Lakimpor, per. don. of 
Rot. J. Firth and wife, 
Rs. 2S0-14-6 72 79 

Impar, coll. on the field, per 
acct. ReT. F. P. Haggard, 
Rs. 77-6-9 22 46 

Kohlma, per don. for work 
bjr Rot. S. W. RUenhnrg, 
Rs. 406-14-0; fr. others, 
Rs. 60; toUl Rs. 466-14-0, 182 63 

SIbsagor, coll. on the field 
by RcT. O. L. Swanson, 
Rs. 14-1-8 4 06 

CHINA, $877.16. 

Swatow, dons, rec'd on the 
field, per acct. Rev. W. 
Ashmore, Jr. (Mez. $447.81 
-$»42.71) $242 71 

Swatow, Dons, rec'd per 
Rdw. Bailey. M. D. (Mex. 
$181.07»$98.24) 98 24 

Swatow, local donations, 
per acct. Miss J. M. Blx- 
by (Mez $71»$32.66) 82 66 

Swatow, per don. tow. ^al. 
Miss St. John (Mex. $80— 
$27.12) 27 12 

Swatow, local dons, per 
acct. Dr. A. K. Scott 
(Mex. $634— $844) 844 00 

Sulfa, dons, rec'd on the 
field, per acct Rev. P. J. 
Bradshaw (Mez. $10.18— 
$10.70) 10 70 

Solfu, dons, rec'd on the 
field, per acct C. H. 
Finch. M. D. (Mez. $186 
—$76.87) 76 87 

Shaohing. per don. of Rev. 
A. Copp (Mez. $88.26— 
$46.47) 46.47 

JAPAN, $229.13. 

Sendal, local dons. per 

acct. Miss L. Mead (Mez. 

$261.63»$140.&3) 140 53 

Kobe, personal dons, of Rev. 

R. A. Thomson (Mex. 

$132.70=$71.60) 71 60 

Himeji. dons rec'd on the 

field, per acct Miss D. D. 

Barlow (Mex. $81.30— $17) 17 00 

Total $24,008.29 


Windsor. Vt., in- 
come J. P. Skin- 
ner Fund $10 00 

Fairfax. Vt.. In- 
terest on legacy 
of J. M. Hotch- 
klss 16 00 

East Betbel. Vt., 
Jane L. Smith. . 29 04 

Randolph, Mass.. 
estate of Abi- 
gail C. Parker. . 60 00 

Mass.. Benja- 
min Porter 48 94 

Boston, Mass., 
William H. 
Fairfield 84 91 

Gardner. Mass., 
Susannah Stone 6 00 

Mass., John 
Warren 660 00 

Providence, R. I., 
Abby G. Beck- 
with 6,000 00 

Montville. Ck)nn., 
Mrs. Mary W. 
Gardner 26 00 

Bllsabethtown, N. 

T., estate O. J. 

Dnrand $18 20 

Manchester, N. 

Y., beqaest of 

Polly Mitchell.. 18 07 
Bdinbnrg. S c o t- 

land, estate of 

Loolsa S. Char- 
ter 4,728 90 

-10,624 06 

$84,622 86 

Donations and legacies 
from April 1, 1896, 
to January 1, 1897. . .$148,687 60 

Donations and legacies 
from April 1, 1806, 
to February 1, 1897. . .$178,269 96 

Donations received to Febmary 1, 
1897, $186,812.08. 

Maine. $1,909.06; New Hamp- 
shire. $804.63; Vermont, $1,069.94; 
Massachusetts, $17,892.20: Rhode 
Island, $2,898.64; Connecticut, $8,- 
702.32; New York. $40,218.37; New 
Jersey, $4,818.98; Pennsylvania, 
$10,291.17: Delaware. $40.89; Dis- 
trict of Columbia, $820.94; Mary- 
land. $28; Virginia. $14.40: West 
VirRlnln. $1,141.72; Ohio, $22,386.- 
68; Indiana, $1,530.82: Illinois, $9,- 
151.76: Iowa. $2,102.76; Michigan. 
$1,472.38: Minnesota. $1,942.17; 
VVisconsin. $1,886.12; Missouri, 
$828.70; Kansas, $1,229.07; Ne- 
braska. $635.73: (Colorado. $400.56; 
California, $1,596.94; Oregon, $307.- 
66: North Dakota. $132.73; South 
Dakota, $271.63: Washington, 
$440.15; Nevada, $48; Idaho. $46.- 
53; Wyoming. $26.30; Utah, $15.60; 
Montana. $55.85; Arizona. $$11.66; 
South Carolina. $35.24: Kentucky, 
$2: Tennessee, $10; Louisiana, $12.- 
70: Florida, $10: Alabama, $21; 
Miasissippi, $5: British Columbia. 
$80.95; Indian Territory, $63.31; 
Oklahoma. $82.66; Arkansas, $52.- 
50: New Mexico, $11: Canada, $1; 
England, $20: Spain. $7.82; 
Rurma. $96.42; Assam. $705.26; 
India. $60: C!hlna, $1,246.48; Japan. 
$808.00: Alaska. $3.60; Miscellan- 
p^nns. $2,619.48. 





We have orer four tboosand vacancies for teachers each sea$»on— several times as many vacancies' as 
members. We mast have noiore meml)er8. Several plans : two plans give free registration; one plan (tUAR- 
ANTEBS a satisfactory position for the coming Fall. Ten cents, silver or stamps, (the regular price is 25 cts.) 
pays for a 100-page book, explaining the different plans, and containing a complete 8500.00 Prize Stor>', a 
true and charming lore story of College days. No charge to employers for recommending teachers. Address 

REV. OR. 0. M. SUTTON, A. M., Pre8*t and Maoaser, Southero Teachers' Bureau, Louisville, Ky. 




American Baptist 
Publication Society 



New York 


St. Louis 




Continued Success is the Best Test of Merit 

Prices were greatly reduced January /, iSgy. ivorc 
carefully and compare with prices of other houses. 

Club prices of five or more copies to one address for one quarter 

Baptist Superintendent, 7 cts. 

Baptist Teacher, • - • 10 

Senior Quarterly, • - 4 

Advanced Quarierly, • 2 

intermediate Quarterly, 2 

Primary Quarterly, 2 

Picture l^essons, - - • 3 

Bible Lessons, - - - i 

Bible Lesson lectures, ^i.oo 


Our Little Ones, - - • 6^ cts. 

Reaper (Monthly), ... 2 

Reaper (Semi-monthly), • 4 

Our Boys and Qirls, • 8 

Our Young People, • - 13 

Col porter, - - - 5 cents a year 
in clubs of 20 or more. 





The Baptist Year-Book for 189T "K.^r^nt, 


The American Baptist Publication Society 

at any of its Houses for books for 

i i i THE HOnc i t i 

or Supplies for 

The Church, Sunday School, Young People's Societies, Etc. 

We keep everything suitable to be kept, no matter by whom published, or, if not ia 
stock, will secure it for you promptly and at LOWEST PRICES. 

Ube SSapttst 

APRIL, I&97 


from last month. The receipts from donations in February were about six 
thousand dollars in advance of last year, but the improvement was not enough to 
modify essentially the statement of last month. The simple situation is, that the 
Union will probably show a greatly enlarged debt over last year. We trust the 
contributions during March will be unusually large, so that the debt to be reported 
at the end of the year will be as small as possible. Yet we cannot disguise the 
fact that it will be so large that the only prospect of relief lies in the concerted 
effort already begun to pay off the entire indebtedness of the Missionary Union 
and the Home Mission Society. In this lies the real hope for supplying the urgent 
needs of the missions the coming year. May the Lord give generous hearts and 
noble purposes and large thoughts for His Kingdom to all His people. The offer 
of Mr. Rockefeller to pay $250,000 toward the liquidation of the debts of the 
Missionary societies gives every promise that the Missionary Union, as well as the 
Home Mission Society, may look forward to a clear field financially for its 
missionary operations the coming year. 

of the debts of the Missionary Union and the Home Mission Society is an 
invitation to the Baptist denomination of the Northern States which they cannot 
afford to decline. Mr. Rockefeller does not take the position of initiating this 
movement, but if the Baptists think this is the time to pay the debts he will take 
more than one-half, or proportionately as the money may be raised. This oppor- 
tunity to clear our missionary work, at home and abroad, from the burden it has 
been carrying for several years, must not pass unimproved. If we cannot now raise 
half the debts, what prospect is there that later on we can raise the whole ? More- 
over, it is necessary that the debts should be raised now for the sake of the n 

114 Important 

-w'ork. The thought of attempting to lay plans for another year of work with the 
present debts, or possibly larger, resting upon the societies, is something that no 
official of our societies is willing to face. If the debts cannot be paid under the 
incentive of Mr. Rockefeller's great offer, they never can. They must be paid 
NOW ! NOW I Let us set right about it and do it now ! 

Missionary Union and the Home Mission Society should not be raised under 
the stimulus of the present interest and Mr. Rockefeller's offer. Sad as would 
be the prospects of the work, the greatest disaster would not be to the missions, 
but to the standing of the denomination as a whole. If the debts are not raised, 
the missions at home and abroad will go on, on a reduced scale, indeed, and with 
much injury, yet, though cast down, they would not be destroyed. But what a 
spectacle of spiritual declension and lack of missionary enthusiasm would the 
great Baptist denomination of these Northern States present to the world ! Can a 
more favorable opportunity to pay off these missionary debts ever be expected, and 
if advantage is not taken of this present most opportune crisis, how can any 
confidence ever be felt in the willingness of Baptists to meet their obligations, or 
in their spiritual ability to take advantage of the blessings and opportunities which 
God has from the first granted them, and is even now continuing in the unexampled 
prosperity of their missionary work ? 

more quickly and rapidly than could have been expected. To show what is 
being done, and what may be done with a little effort in every church, we report the 
following clubs received within a few days : First Church, Dayton, O., 63 ; Clar- 
endon Street Church, Boston, 40 ; Mount Morris Church, New York, 38 ; Calvary 
Church, Albany, 35 ; Immanuel Church, Newton, Mass., 20; Foxboro, Mass., 18; 
Otay Church, Nestor, Cal., 11; Highland Park Church, 111., 10. Two clubs 
recently received give us special pleasure : one is of five from South Edmonton, 
Canada, which shows the appreciation in which the Magazine is held beyond the 
borders of our own country. We welcome these subscriptions. A club of t7vo 
subscribers from the little Baptist Church of nineteen members in Waterville, Ohio, 
is also particularly pleasing. The rate of fifty cents for ten per cent, of the 
members of any church was fixed so that the small churches should have as good a 
chance as the large. Remember^ a club equal to ten per cent, of the members in your 
church can have the Magazine sent to their personal addressesy^^ry^/V cents a year 
each. We give our hearty thanks to those pastors and others who have already 
done so much to advance the subscription list of the Magazine. Let the good 
work go on. Send in the clubs, large and small. 

second anniversary of the Karen department, on February 3, 1897, The 
President, Rev. D. A. W. Smith, D, D., has kindly sent us a program of the exercises. 
As only the subjects are printed in English, the information we obtain from the 
program, while important, is not complete. We are especially interested and im- 
pressed with the large number of very practical subjects selected by the students 
for their addresses. Among these are: "Every Christian as good as on the whole 
he really desires to be." "Baptism a Privilege as well as a Duty." "The Example 
of the Early Church to be followed with Caution." "The Christian Law of Benefi- 
cence." We select these from 
among the subjects as being spe- 
cially suggestive of the attitude of 
mind from which Christianity is 
viewed by converts in a heathen 
land. With these subjects there 
are many others which are sub- 
stantially the same in thought and 
idea as might be found in the 
programs of a theological semi- 
nary in a Christian land. Some 
of the subjects treated would, 
however, hardly be chosen by 
theological students in America, 
We would like to see, for instance, 
how a graduate of a theological 
seminary in America would treat 
the subject of "The Pastor's Fail- 
ure to insist upon Adequate Sup- 
port an Injustice to the Church." 
"The Love of Money a Root of 
all Evil" is a subject which de- 
serves widespread and vigorous 
treatment. It is not one, how- 
ever, which might be supposed to 
attract a large amount of popular rN-nnmn of siumABv cn*p«i, insun 

interest in Christian lands; but since the Scriptures pronounce covelousness to h 
idolatry, such a subject as this would doubtless find many parallel illustrations i 
b«athen lands. 



— '' ^^r"' "^ 

¥^^' s' 

ii6 Editorial Notes 

"The China Mission Handbook," from the American Mission Press of Shang- 
hai, contains the statistical tables of most of the Protestant missionary organizations 
prosecuting work in that empire. The wives of the missionaries are not enumerated : 

Number of societies reported, 44; stations in which missionaries reside, 152; out- 
stations, 1,054; foreign missionaries (preachers, 683; unmarried women, 64), 1,324; native 
agents (preachers, 1,409; male assistants, 2,227; female assistants, 513), 4,149; number 
of churches, 706; communicants, 55,093; number of Sunday-schools, 475; number of 
Sunday-school scholars, 17,176; total pupils under instruction, 21,353; medical mission- 
aries (men, 96, women, 47), 143; number of hospitals, 71; number of patients, 18,898; 
number of dispensaries, 1 1 1 ; patients in dispensaries, 223,162. 

Were the wives of the missionaries enumerated, the number of foreigners, male 
and female, would probably exceed 2,000. 

WHY MORE MONEY IS NEEDED.— It is sometimes a matter of wonder why 
missionary societies are always calling for more money. Recently a gentleman 
said that he could remember back forty years, and ever since he could remember, 
the Missionary Union has been always in want and always calling for money. 
Considering the nature of its work there is nothing at all strange about this. The 
Missionary Union and every missionary society will always want more money, until 
the whole world is converted to the Lord Jesus Christ. It ought always to want 
more money. The officers of any missionary society who are satisfied with the work 
they are doing are not fit for the place. As long as the world is in need of the 
Gospel, missionary societies will need money and need it more and more, with the 
urgency of the new claims as the world is becoming smaller, and heathen and 
Christian lands are coming nearer and nearer together. The increased facilities 
of communication between different countries is a call for increased work for Christ. 
The rapid development of all nations creates an urgent demand for the rapid 
advancement of Christ's kingdom. With nearly two-thirds of the population of 
the earth yet in the chains of heathen darkness, there is no occasion for wonder 
that missionary societies are always calling for more money. 

THE ATTENTION OF MISSIONARIES of the Union is called to the vote of the 
Executive Committee found in the '* Proceedings," requiring certified copies of 
deeds of all property belonging to the Union to be deposited with the Recording 
Secretary of the Committee in Boston. Will the missionaries take this as a personal 
request to forward such copies in all cases where it is possible ? When the deeds 
are made out in other languages than English, it will be better to have certified 
translations sent ; and in cases where information requested in the circular regarding 
real estate has not been forwarded, it will be convenient to forward the certified 
copies of the deeds with the other information requested, so that all may be received 
at one time. 


Editorial Notes 117 

THE OREEKS LEADING THE WORLD.— The Greeks have always managed to keep 
near the front rank in the mora) and intellectual leadership of the world. At 
present, they are setting the nations of Europe an example of decision in dealing 
with the Sultan of Turkey. They are not strong, but they are generous and brave, 
and receive more admiration for their decisive, though perhaps imprudent action 
than the vacillating policies of other nations. The Greeks of Macedonia furnished 
the most singular example of Christian benevolence to be found anywhere in Sacred 
Scripture ; their giving was a sort of reversal of all ordinary experiences. 

1. They gave out of the abundance of \\iKi'c pirverty, not out of the plenitude of wealth. 

2. Their •willingness exceeded their ability, instead of their ability, their willingness, 

3. They were urgent to be allowed to give rather than reluctant, while those who received 
the gift were reluctant to take it, knowing how deep was their povert}'. 

4. They made the greater gift first (of themselves), and the latter gift was the less 
(their money). Usually people give the least they can to begin with, and have to lae 
educated up to giving themselves at the very last, 

;. In these chapters value of gifts is reckoned, not by amount given, but by the 
degree of willingness and ckeerfiilitess exhibited. 

6. We are here taught that increase comes not by keeping, but by giving; that the 
way 10 gel more is to give more, and the way to lose is to keep. 

7. And the crowning blessing of all is that they regarded giving, not as z privation to 
be evaded and avoided, but a privilege and a blessing to be courted and cultivated. 

Can we do better than to follow such a glorious example ? 

THE DEATH OF FULLESTON BOYD MALCOLM, M. D., is reported as having occurred 
at Chemulpo, Korea, on January 3, 1897. Dr. Malcolm was born in Liverpool, 
England, in 1S50, studied in the Normal School, 
Toronto, Woodstock College, Ontario, the University 
of Michigan and the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, Chicago. He was a member of Woodward 
Avenue Baptist Church, Detroit, and was appointed a 
missionary of the Union to West China, June 12, 1893, 
sailing with the large party of that year. At the time 
of the expulsion of the missionaries from West China 
by the riots of 1895, Dr. Malcolm retired to the coast 
with the rest. He was for a time engaged in the 
London Mission Hospital at Hankow, but for a year 
past has been in Korea doing medical mission work in 
an independent way. He was generally esteemed there, 
and his funeral services, as described in the Shanghai 
Mercury of January 21. were attended by nearly all the European residents of 
Chemulpo. Members of the customs offices in uniform acted as pall bearers ; the 
coffin was draped with the United States flag, and our former missionary was carried 
to his grave in that distant land with every token of respect and esteem. 

ii8 Editorial Notes 

THE FUCHAU MISSION OF THE AMERICAN BOARD is one of the most interesting 
and prosperous missions in China. It was started on the first day of January, 
1847, and has just celebrated its jubilee. The mission has largely grown, and a 
prominent feature of the celebration was the conference of 28 Societies of Christian 
Endeavor, with 576 activ^e, 501 associate, and 135 honorary members, with 6 Junior 
Societies, with ^T) active and 91 associate members ; grand total, 34 societies, with 
1386 members. The Fuchau Local Union has 18 societies; all the officers are 
Chinese. Fuchau is the banner Christian Endeavor city in China. All the meet- 
ings of the Fuchau jubilee were of great interest, and the first half-century of 
Christian work in this capital city of the Fukien province closes with great prosperity 
and large promise for the future. 

COMMENDATION RICHLY DESERVED. — There is so much criticism of missionaries 
and their work by secular travellers and writers, that it is well to learn what is 
thought of them by those who, although not connected with mission work, are really 
competent to judge of it. No one can be supposed to use more careful judgment, 
or to express an opinion entitled to more weight, than Hon. James Bryce, member 
of Parliament, and author of the American Commonwealth. In a recent book he 
says of the American missionaries in Turkey : 

*' They have been the only good influence that has worked from abroad upon the Turkish 
Empire. They have shown great judgment and tact in their relations with the ancient 
churches of the land. Orthodox, Gregorian, Jacobite, Nestorian and Catholic. They have 
lived cheerfully in the midst, not only of hardships, but latterly of serious dangers also. 
They have been the first to bring the light of education and learning into these dark places, 
and have rightly judged that it was far better to diffuse that light through their schools 
than to aim at a swollen roll of converts. From them alone, if we except the British 
consuls, has it been possible during the last thirty years to obtain trustworthy information 
regarding what passes in the interior." 

PERSONAL — Jerome W. Egbert, D.D.S., and wife reached Madras safely Novem- 
ber 29. Rev. Charles H. Harvey has returned to Matadi, Congo Free 

State. Mrs. A. Billington and Mrs. P. Frederickson have returned to the Congo, 

after visits to England and Sweden. Mr. C. H. Heptonstal of Toungoo, Burma, 

was ordained December 29, 1896. Rev. C. E. Petrick and wife reached Sibsagor, 

Assam, December 30, after a visit to Europe. Rev. \V. H. Cossam of Ningpo^ 

China, arrived at his home in De Ruyter, N. Y., February 20, 1897. Rev. A. 

Friesen of Nalgonda is about to visit Russia. His address will be "Kolonie, Ivitsch 

Kas; Post, Chortitza ; Gouv, Yekaterinoslaw, South Russia. Rev. A. V. B. 

Crumb, Rev. B. P. Cross and E. S. Corson, M. D., reached Rangoon, January 28. 

Rev. E. W. and Mrs. Clark notify their friends of the change of their address 

to Impur, Naga Hills, Assam, India. We are informed that Mrs. Mary Webb, a 

notice of whose death appeared in the Magazine for March, was married to Rev. 
Abner Webb after his return to America. His companion in his missionary labors 
was Mrs. Catherine (Watson) Webb. 

Editorial 119 


npHE institutions for higher education maintained by the American Baptist 
Missionary Union are primarily for the training of Christian preachers and 
teachers. This is the first and chief object. A 'second important object is the 
education of young native converts, so that they may be competent to assume the 
duties of the higher walks of life. Nearly all the native Christians are from the 
working classes. The only way that the Christian church in heathen lands can 
attain a position of self-support and self-propagation is by training some of the 
Christians to be leaders among the people* For this not only preachers and pastors 
and teachers are necessary, but lawyers, doctors and men of leadership in other 
walks of business and of life. Not one of the educational institutions of the Union 
is maintained for the education of heathen students. This fact should be clearly 
understood. It is true, however, that in some of the institutions which are main- 
tained chiefly and solely for the above-mentioned Christian purposes, heathen 
students are admitted, but they are required to pay fees which are intended to cover 
the additional cost which their education may entail upon the school. It is, and 
always has been, the settled policy of the Union, not to spend a dollar of missionary 
money for the education of the heathen, and the existence of every one of these 
higher institutions of education can be explained in accordance with this policy. 
Sometimes the number of Christian students may be small, but there must always 
be a beginning, and no departure from the above well established policy of the 
Union has been countenanced or is intended, either by the Executives of the Union 
at Boston or by the missionaries on the field. This explanation is written at the 
suggestion of a prominent and well-informed friend of the missions, who feels that 
this point is by some not clearly understood. We hope that this explanation is 
sufficiently pointed and clear to satisfy every one. We have no hesitation in saying 
that the Executive Committee of the Missionary Union would not for a moment 
countenance a school for higher education established and maintained for the chief 
purpose of the education of heathen students. Schools as an evangelizing agency 
have never been a part of the policy of the Missionary Union. Schools as an 
auxiliary agent in missions have always been a part of the policy of the Union, and 
must always be a large and important element in every successful and prosperous 
missionary work. Next to the preaching of the gospel for the conversion of the 
heathen, they may be said to be the chief agent in the establishment of those self- 
supporting, self-directing and self-propagating Christian communities which it is the 
aim of missions to establish in all heathen lands. 

THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL PERIODICALS of the American Baptist Publication Society 
are, in every way, worthy of the patronage of the Baptist denomination. They 
are unexceptionable in tone, superior in style and workmanship, pure and true in 
teaching, and published at a very low price. 


J20 Editorial 


JN THEIR legal affairs, as in other matters, the Chinese are peculiar. Under the 
patriarchal ideas which lie at the basis of the Chinese system of government^ 
much larger powers are given to the Judge of the Court than is common with us. 
His power is in fact almost despotic, and limited only by the customary practices 
of Chinese courts. He can show great mercy or he can exercise great severity; he 
can dispense justice or he can take bribes from the most wealthy party, and give 
the most unjust decisions without being called in question, unless his conduct should 
be too flagrant or his contributions to the support of the higher authorities too 
limited. The cut which we give of a Chinese court of justice is representative. 
The Judge is the only one who is seated. Behind him, and on either side, stand the 
officers of the court. The two kneeling figures are the criminal and the accuser; 
both alike show the greatest humility in the presence of the Judge, and in cases 
where specially favorable consideration is desired, they prostrate themselves upon 
the floor. Witnesses give their testimony in the same position. 

The proceedings of a Chinese court are usually in the form of personal interroga- 
tories by the Judge. In framing these the Chinese show great ingenuity. In im- 
portant cases it is customar)' to have a long string of questions all written out 
These are asked the culprit and his answers are taken down by the Secretaries. 
He is then remanded to prison for a month or more, and another set of interroga- 
tories is framed, ingeniously bearing upon the questions and answers at the previous 
session of the court. Again the questions are asked ; again the prisoner is 
remanded to the jail, and sometimes a third series of questions is framed and 
asked. It is only the most adroit minds and the most retentive memories which 
can pass a series of three sets of questions, purposely framed to interlace and 
interlock with each other, with clearness and success. This method is undoubtedly 
ingeniously contrived to elicit the truth and to enable the Judge to give a just 
judgment. It is also well calculated to wear out the spirits and patience of the 
contesting parties, and to bring a pressure upon them to offer bribes to the Judge 
for a speedy termination of the suit. With all the resources of family connections 
and personal supervision, which are customary in Chinese social matters, the 
Chinese Judges undoubtedly have excellent means of administering affairs with 
justice and equity, if they are so inclined, but the lack of rigid responsibility allows 
the great corruption, which, according to all accounts, is far too common in the 
courts of justice in China. 

THE BAPTIST TEACHER has a missionary department conducted by Rev. Frank 
S. Dobbins, District Secretary of the Missionary Union, and is an invaluable aid 
to the work of every Baptist Sunday-school teacher. Subscriptions to these periodicals 
will be received at the headquarters of the society in Philadelphia, or at any of the 
Branch Houses in Boston, New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Dallas, Tex., Atlanta, Ga., 
Toronto, Ont., or London, Eng. 

122 Editorial 


npHE death of Dr. Murdock, at Clifton Springs, N. Y., on Tuesday, February i6, 
removes from among us one who has long and worthily held a foremost place 
in the affairs of the Baptist denomination of this country. Dr. Murdock was taken 
with an affection of the heart last fall, and about the first of October went to the 
Clifton Springs Sanitarium, of which he had long been a trustee, hoping to receive 
relief and recovery from the treatment there. . For some months there was gradual 
improvement, but more recently unfavorable symptoms manifested themselves, and 
his health has apparently been gradually declining, but it was not really anticipated 
that the end would come so soon. He was able to move about the Sanitarium 
hotel more or less until the 8th, after which he grew very weak and was not able to 
leave his bed, suffering greatly from sleeplessness and from difficulty in breathing, 
the usual accompaniments of distress of the heart, until, on the morning of the i6th, 
after being assisted by Mrs. Murdock to an easy chair at his bedside, he had a 
renewed attack of the stertorous breathing, and passed away before help could 
be summoned. 

John Nelson Murdock was born in Oswego, N. Y., December 8, 1820, of that 
Scotch-Irish race which has given so many eminent men to America. He was 
prepared for, and intended to enter Union College, but on account of the death of 
his fatlier was at once introduced to active life and devoted himself to teaching, at 
the same time pursuing the study of law with such success that he was admitted to 
the bar at the age of twenty-one. At seventeen he had been converted and united 
with the Methodist Church in Oswego. 

Hardly had the young man begun to devote serious attention to the practice of 
the law, when there came from the Lord a special quickening of his religious life 
and a call to the Gospel ministry. Scarcely knowing whether the call was from the 
Lord, he decided to leave the matter in the hands of the church, which soon of its 
own accord voted him a license to preach, and he was placed by the Presiding 
Elder in charge of the church in Jordan, N. Y. Here he began a study of the 
ordinances of the church as based upon the scriptural teaching, which con- 
vinced him that the views of the Baptists were more in accord with the teachings of 
the Bible, and he was baptized by Dr. Seymour W. Adams at Durhamville, N. Y. 
While here he availed himself of the facilities of Hamilton Theological Seminary 
near by, to pursue further studies in the original languages of the Bible. 

In his first pastorate Mr. Murdock had ample call to display those qualities of 
independence in character and courage in conviction which have constantly marked 
his later services as a Christian leader. Waterville was at that time a place specially 
devoted to distilleries and drunkenness, and temperance sentiment, not only in the 
place but in the country at large, was low. But the young man boldly attacked 
the predominant evil in a series of sermons, the first of which was founded on 
Habakkuk2: 15: ** Wo unto him that giveth his neighbor drink." The sermons 
aroused the greatest excitement in the town, and the young pastor was exposed to 

Editorial 123 

much opposition and even threats of personal violence, but the sermons did the 
work for which they were intended, and five of the distilleries were turned into 
potato starch factories, and many drunkards were converted to the Lord Jesus 
Christ Mr. Murdock was prominent in the Washingtonian temperance movement 
of the time and introduced into it many positively Christian features. 

In January, 1846, he began his pastorate at Albion, N. Y., and after a short but 
prosperous stay, settled as pastor of the South Baptist Church, Hartford, Conn., early 
in 1848. This was a pastorate notable for spiritual and temporal success. A new 
and elegant house of worship was erected which was at that time, and still is, one 
of the architectural ornaments of the city, and in one year, 1853, two hundred 
were added to the church. In January, 1858, he removed to the pastorate of the 
Bowdoin Square Church in Boston. During his pastorate here he was chosen a 
member of the Executive Committee of the American Baptist Missionary Union, and 
in July, 1863, was elected Assistant Corresponding Secretary of the Union, becom- 
ing full secretary in 1866. 

It was in his work as Secretary of the great foreign missionary society of Ameri- 
can Baptists that Dr. Murdock found the largest scope for his great mental abilities 
and the strong moral elements of his character. While in Hartford he had been 
offered a nomination to the Senate of the United States, which was equivalent to an 
election. If he had entered political life. Dr. Murdock would unquestionably have 
become eminent as a statesman, and have taken high rank among the legislators of 
the country, even to the present day. He had many intimate acquaintances and 
friends among those who have been influential in shaping the affairs of the American 
commonwealth, and walked with them with equal step. His judgment on all affairs 
was so calm, so sound, so comprehensive, and so almost unfailingly correct, that it 
was sought by those entrusted with great responsibilities in political circles, in social 
and in literary affairs, as well as in religious matters. 

Among his lifelong friends was George William Curtis, the editor of Harper's 
Weekly. A book had been offered the Harpers for publication, upon which they 
were not able to decide. Their regular reader had rejected it, and on recommenda- 
tion of Mr. Curtis, the Harpers sent it to Dr. Murdock for his opinion. He read it 
with care and unhesitatingly pronounced it well worthy of publication. Again the 
firm submitted it to their regular reader and again he gave a decided opinion 
against it The book was upon Palestine, and the market had been flooded with 
books upon the Holy Land. The firm requested Dr. Murdock again to look the 
book over. He replied that he had read it and had given his opinion. Against 
the advice of their regular reader, the Harpers decided to publish it, and it was due 
to Dr. Murdock's clearness of judgment that that remarkable book, "The Land and 
the Book," by Dr. Thompson, saw the light — a book which has done more than 
any other single production to make the people, products and characteristics of the 
Holy Land familiar to the Christians of the civilized world. After this Dr. Murdock 
was offered a large salary as literary adviser to one of the largest publishing houses 
in the country, a position which would have been worth at least $10,000 a year. 

124 Editorial 

But prospects of political power, of worldly fame and of financial gain were 
cheerfully laid aside by Dr. Murdock, that he might devote himself, wholly to the 
work of the Lord Jesus Christ. The qualities of character which enabled him to 
decline political preferment and to stand to his judgment against that of a skilled 
professional literary man, and to steer an even course amid social conflicts, were 
given without reserve to the development of the foreign missionary interests of 
American Baptists, and served them grandly for thirty years. 

How large was the development of Baptist foreign missions during the 
administration of Dr. Murdock as Secretary of the Missionary Union, cannot be 
told at length here, but can be indicated when we realize that, in 1863, when 
Dr. Murdock began his service for the Union, there were but 15 stations in the 
Asiatic Missions, and only 84 missionaries. The total number of native helpers 
was 560, the number of churches, 375, and the number of Christians in the mission 
churches, about 31,000. In 1892, when he retired from active service as Corre- 
sponding Secretary, the missions had grown to 73 stations among the heathen, with 
990 out-stations, 417 missionaries,- and in all the missions, both Asiatic and Euro- 
pean, there were 2030 preachers, 1459 churches and 163,881 members. The year 
that he began service there were 215 baptisms in the missions; the year that he 
closed, 18,549. While a large part of this immense advance may be attributed to 
the natural growth of the missions, yet their harmonious development, their 
unchecked prosperity, their evangelical purity and their deep and abiding spiritual 
power must be, under God, in no small measure attributed to the firm, kind, calm 
and comprehensive mind which decided and controlled the progress of the mission- 
ary work, as the course of the vessel is held over the wild and stormy waste of 
waters by the captain at the helm. , 

Dr. Murdock's personal qualities are so well known that it is hardly necessary 
to make other reference to them here than is found in the foregoing account of his 
life. His large intellectual grasp of affairs has many times shone forth in the 
anniversary meetings of the missionary society ; but the kindness of his heart, his 
unfailing courtesy, his great consideration for others, and his simple, fervent, per- 
sonal piety were not so well known to the public as to those who were intimately 
associated with him through many years of daily cares and duties. Probably his 
chief characteristic, if one excellency may be selected among so many, was the 
almost unfailing accuracy of his judgment. It has always been a common saying 
among the members of the Executive Committee of the Union, who have been 
associated with Dr. Murdock in the consideration of the most difficult and intricate 
matters for many years, that when he really took hold of a question, investigated it 
and considered it with care and made a report, there was nothing more to be said ; 
so broad and many-sided, so judicial and fair was his judgment when applied to 
questions, that his decisions usually commended themselves as eminently sounds 
clear and wise to all his associates. 

From such a man and such a character it would be natural to expect many 
productions, which would have continued his influence and ideas among those who 

Editorial 125 

are to come after him. It is no doubt due to his entire devotion to the pressing 
and active duties of his office, that Dr. Murdock has never found time to put 
together in any one production those papers and addresses which always constituted 
one of the most thoughtful features of the anniversaries of the Union. While 
pastor at Hartford, he for three years edited the Christian Review, and in the 
files of that magazine will be found many papers, which testify both to hb literary 
taste and skill, and to the profoundness of his theological and religious thought. 
He also edited the Baptist Missionary Magazine for several years after his 
service for the Union began. 

In 1892, at the celebrated centenary meeting in Philadelphia, he-was chosen 
Honorary Secretary of the Union for life. In 1854, Dr. Murdock received the 
honorary d^^ee of Doctor of Divinity from the University of Rochester, and in 
1888, the degree of Doctor of Laws from Madison University, He was thrice 
married, his widow, who survives him, having been well and widely known as Miss 
Clarke, the Treasurer of the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society for a 
series of years. His children who are living are Mrs. Walter S. Swan of Cambridge, 
Mass., Mr. William N. Murdock, Lieut. Joseph B. Murdock of the United States 
Navy, Mrs, Walter Collins of Boston, and Harold Murdock, Esq., Cashier of the 
Exchange National Bank of Boston, and the author of " The Reconstruction of 

Since his retirement from active duties as Secretary of the Missionary Union, 
Dr. Murdock has spent much time, especially during the winters, at the Mission 
Kooms, and has lent his continued aid and counsel to the work of the Union as 
occasion seemed to su^;esL His advice has often been sought, and several times 
bis large knowledge of the methods of State has served the Union in negodations 
with the governments of the United States and of variousforeign countries. Although 
he has now passed within the veil, the fragrance of his noble service for the glory of 
God is still with us, and the broad and enduring foundations which he laid will long 
be recognized as the basis of the future safe and la^ prosperity of the missions. 


Rev. William Ashmore, D.D., Swatow, Chwa 

LAST season I was kept at home teach- 
ing the students whose future help we 
greatlyneed. Mr. Ashmore, Jr., did my share 
of the country work in addition to his own. 
t have had a great longing to get out among 
the stations once more, and have made other 
things give way. Such of the students as 
could do anything I sent ahead two and 
two to the places t wished to visit, to be 
working there till I came. 

Kiaan Po is a new station, an offshoot of 
our Pauthai work, six miles away. Mr. Ash- 
more, Jr., has been pushing it in its incipi- 
ence, but it is now handed over to Mr. Mc- 
Kibben for supervision. The place of wor- 
ship had become too confined, and they were 
moved to arise and build. The chapel is to 
cost about six hundred dollars. The di- 
mensions are fifty by thirty-five feet, with 
room for future enlargement. The walls are 
already up, and the whole will soon be com- 
pleted. The people raised more than three 
hundred dollars, and among us, from appro- 
priations and private means, we helped them 
make up the balance. Considering the ex- 
treme poverty of the converts, as day wages 
are only ten cents, we consider it very lib- 
eral giving on their part. The brethren 
have their own anxieties, as, indeed, they 

have at nearly all our stations. Thi 
some Sanballats and some Gershons 
the heathen, and some unscrupulous \ 
Catholics, more hurtfiil than the hi 
Certain hindrances interposed by the 
have been got around. The chapel ' 
completed without hindrance. After 
long and earnest consultation about 1 
steer clear of difficulties, we passed 
next day to 

rail Thai. — This is an old static 
has had prosperity and reverses. 1 
now are greatly to our satisfaction. 
was a secession of disaffected mem 
few years ago. The young man the) 
to act as their pastor resided at this 
and had an opposition service whit 
been not only a hindrance, but a so 
much perplexity in keeping our own 
hers clear of trouble with them. Th: 
lition has been given up ; the good m< 
among them and their young pasto 
returned to the old church and havi 
restored to fellowship, and all are now 
engaged in pushing together, some a 
place and some at Kityang. We had 
munion here, thirty-eight persons part 
The house is too small to'hold the m 
congregation, and we shall have to ei 

A Round among the Stations 

They are making a fresh and more vigorous 
start, and have already decided to raise one 
hundred dollars and have a schpol and a 
preacher of their own next year. It was a 
Tery cheery visit. The old members are 
exhibitiog most gratifying advance in spir- 
itual discemnient. 

Lau KuHg is an entirely new place with 
a unique history. They have had a dan- 
feud in the village and the neighborhood, 
and, as the village is a large one, several 
thonsands of people are more or less affected. 
It has lasted for three j'ears, and it \% said 
that, from first to last, as many as thirty 
persons have been killed, and the damage 

matters, for an underlying motive may be to 
get some outside sympathy and help. It is 
never wise to count on much till the feud is 
all settled up. However, there seemed to be 
some among them who were really affected 
by the truth. We can judge of the whole 
situation better by and by. My visit was 
attended with pleasant indications. Their 
serious demeanor In listening to the truth was 
encouraging. Now they have 5ent word 
that they have subscribed three hundred 
dollars and intend to tit up a place of their 
own for a chapel. 

Kilyang is a district city with a popula- 
tion of its own of about eighty thousand. 


done to fields and houses is very great. 
The mandarins have been down on ihem, 
and have added to the general misery and 
confiosion rather given any genuine 
relief. We have had one or two eliurch 
members in the neighborhood. Once de- 
spised, they have now rather risen in favor. 
Words of friendliness from our preachers who 
»ent down to sec them won their hearts, 
and they have, quite a lot of them, turned 
their thoughts toward Christianity. There 
is need of extreme caution always in such 

and is the centre of local government for a 

district of not less than eight hundred towns 
and villages. This is one of the places we 
had picked out as a proper point for the 
location of a mission family, and we for 
many years have been preparing the way, 
A few years ago we got a good building site. 
Through the kindness of Colonel and Mrs. 
Marsh, of Boston, we were enabled to build a 
collage upon it, making acomfoilable mis- 
sionary home. Then we built a chapel of 
ojr own ; and later Mrs. Dr. Scott put up a 


A Round among the Stations 

hospital building with excellent accommoda- 
tions for patients. All ihis being accom- 
plished, the Lord gave us the desired foreign 
occupants. Miss Dr. Bixby went up and 
took charge of the hospital. Mr. and Mrs. 
Speicher, though still studying the language, 
are in charge of the general station work 
and went there to live more than a year ago. 
This previous and extended preparation 
has made it easy for them to enter upon their 
responsibilities, and they are doing good, 
satisfactory, and successful work. The hos- 
pital has been a mea.ns of conciliating pub- 
lic sentiment, of bringing more hearers 

Kue Snia. — Up the river a couple of 
hours' row in the boat brought us lo this, 
another old station. Our chapel is in a 
good location, but it faced badly. The en- 
trance was on the north. Our people got 
north wind which they did not want with 
their thin clothing. So Mr. Ashmore put 
them in (he way of making the house face 
the other way. ' A small piece of ground 
was bought, the roof was raised, the old door 
was built up, and a new one made, so as to 
get (he south and west winds, which we do 
want. We had a good time here. On Sun- 
day eight nere baptized, and about forty 


within sound of the gospel, and of doing 
most valuable service to the sick and suffer- 
ing. The chapel that we once thought 
would be large enough for some years is 
already insufficient to accommodate the Sun- 
day congregations. Two \-aluable helpers 
assist Mr. Speicher in the evangelistic work. 
Dr. Bixby has also a serviceable staff. More 
room is imperative, more ground we must 
have, and more buildings must be put up, 
and branch sen'ices must be established in 
other parts of the city. Mr. Speicher is 
full of resolute purpose. 

partook of the Lord's Supper. One old 
saint whom, when we went to America, we 
never enpected to see again, is there yet; 
he is more than eighty years of age and lives 
miles away from the chapel, but, hearing that 
the old missionary was to be there and that 
there was to be communion and baptism, he 
trudged his weary way over, though he is 
bent nearly double with the infirmities of his 
life of hard toil. We did enjoy our mutual faith. 
Hue Cheng is a long walk of about three 
miles from the boat. There is more than 
usual interest here. More than a hundred 

A Round among the Stations 


wiUing listeners are reported, and some thir- 
teen have ahready given in their names as 
candidates for baptism, and will soon be 
fully examined. They have made some ma- 
terial improvements in the comfort and con- 
venience of this chapel. As they come in 
on Sunday from all directions, and some from 
quite a distance, they have to have plenty of 
room to cook their noon meals. They like 
their own way of doing it. Each man brings 
his own little wad of rice and condiment, what- 
ever it is ; they have a long row of tiny and 
most economical earthenware furnaces, and 
the small rice pots on them are all boiling 
away at once. But there is the same com- 
plaint : the place is too small, and we have to 
talk of enlargiement here, too. •* Lengthen 
thy cords and strengthen thy stakes," that is 
what Isaiah said to the Church once, and it 
is what the Committee would say to us if 
they can get the means. But the best inci- 
dent of this part of the visit was the deciding 
upon a new •• Place of Prayer,'" as we call 
it, — in other words, a branch place of wor- 
ship. This was in the large and important 
village of Sia Tnie. 

Po Knia. — On the way back, on the other 
side of the river, we come to this old station. 
They too have been improving their house of 
worship, having made extensive additions. 
They have also a ** branch " being started 
which will develop into a full station soon, 
we are quite confident. Converts for baptism 
will be awaiting Mr. Ashmore, Jr., when 
he comes here on his next trip. 

Khok Khoi, — They had some trouble at 
this station among themselves, but now it is 
being healed up. A member who had long 


ANCESTRAL worship, which is the most 
complete and the ultimate expression 
of filial piety, is perfectly consistent with 
polytheism, with agnosticism, and with 
atheism. It makes dead men into gods, and 
its only gods are dead men. Its love, 
its gratitude, and its fears are for earthly 
parents only. It has no conception of a 

absented himself is coming back. There 
was a ftmeral here of an old church member, 
and we hurried down to attend it. The two 
elders of the church were present, and quite 
a delegation of members from Kityang and 
other places. The ser\'ices were held out of 
doors, at the home of the deceased, as there 
was not room inside for the crowd of mem- 
bers and friends and ** world's-people " who 
assembled to hear. On such occasions we 
sing hymns of the resurrection, read script- 
ure selections, and have short addresses on 
the same subject, and close with prayer. 
Such services are usually impressive on the 
heathen, to whom the idea of living again on 
the face of the earth is matter of perpetual 
wonderment and incredulity. The old 
mother of the man who died is one of our 
first converts in this neighborhood. She is 
now ninety-four years of age, and though very 
feeble finds her way every Sunday to the chapel 
fiill half a mile away, unless it is raining. 

After two weeks we got home again to get 
on the old treadmill, which started off next 
day as usual. The whole trip has been grat- 
ifying to an unusual degree. Progress made 
in all these years is most apparent. The 
members stand more solidly on •* the founda- 
tion which is laid ; " they are giving of their 
means quite as freely as most of them are 
able ; they take pleasure in the stones of 
Zion. The students I found very useful, and 
was able to get double as much accomplished 
by having them along. 

I am not able to tramp around among these 
hills as freely as I once could, for I am getting 
to be old now, but what I can do is attended 
with greater pleasure than ever before. 


Heavenly Father, and feels no interest in 
such a being when He is made known. Either 
Christianity will never be introduced into 
China, or ancestral worship will be given up, 
for they are contradictories. In the death 
struggle between them the fittest only will 
survive. — Rev. A. H. Smith, D.D. 



[The movement now making towards the extinction of the debts of the Missionary Union and the Home Mission Society 
through the stimulation received through parlor conferences held in Boston and New York and elsewhere, gives perti- 
nence to the appearance of the following article on "Consecrated Drawing-rooms," kindly furnished us by Mrs. Bucknell, 
who is one of the most grnerous supporters of the work of the Union, as well as of other good causes. She is herself the 
daughter of a foreign missionary, bom in Assam, India, and, in the manifold social relations which she has sustained in the 
city of Philadelphia, she has always been identified with the great interests of our Lord's kingdom in a variety of ways.] 

¥ T MAY be to some a new and repellant 
idea that social functions should be 
utilized to further the cause of a strictly 
religious work such as that of Foreign Mis- 
sions. Many noble women feel that there is 
Social Life ^ sacredness about the work of 
for Sacred spreading a knowledge of Christ 
^^^^ and His redemption among those 

who know it not that demands sacred sur- 
roundings, as the sanctity of the church, for 
all meetings where missions are to be dis- 
cussed. To secularize mission work is, to 
such, to lower it from its lofty plane and to 
make an ignoble concession to the world. 
To separate one's self from the world, to 
take no part in it, to withdraw entirely from 
it, and to become one of a sanctified sect, 
seems to be the highest aim of many true, 
sincere and earnest Christians. They think 
that thereby they are following the teaching 
and example of Christ ; but Christ did not 
do it. His enemies accused Him of being 
a glutton and a wine-bibber because He 
went to the homes of the rich and partook 
of the good things provided there just like 
any other of the guests. His first miracle 
was performed at a wedding feast. He 
mingled with the poor and chose His disci- 
ples from among them, but he also chose 
rich men for his friends and adherents. 
He despised neither the poor man for his 
poverty nor the rich man for his wealth. It 
was at the home of a rich man whom He 
loved, Lazarus of Bethatiy, and of Martha and 
Mary, his sisters, that Jesus went for comfort, 
rest and refreshment after his arduous labors 
in healing the sick, restoring the halt, the 
lame and the blind, and in preaching the 

good news to all who would hear and heed, 
and it was in a rich man's tomb that His 
body was laid after the crucifixion. These 
are all well known illustrations to every one 
of us, but perhaps undue emphasis has been 
put upon the fact Hidv the poor were most 
eager to accept His teachings and to profit 
by His ministrations. He undoubtedly re- 
proved with sad severity those who loved 
their wealth better than the welfare of their 
fellow-men; but nowhere does he forbid a 
man to become His disciple because he was 
rich, nor does He insist save in one instance 
upon the rich man's parting with all of his 
goods to distribute to the poor. That one 
case was an obvious attack on the besetting 
sin of a man who gloried in his righteous- 
ness. Christ held a mirror before him and 
showed him his cupidity and selfishness. 

What warrant have we for using homes 
of wealth for religious purposes? Where 
were the first churches formed ? 

" What I tell you in secret, that speak ye 
on the house tops," said the Master. That 
does not mean shout it from the roofs. The 
housetop was the Oriental's drawing-room, 
and the church claimed the house. 

While the Gospel was preached to the 
poor, there were always householders of 
means to give the shelter of their homes to 
the infant Church. It was more than two 
The Church ^^"dred years before there were 
in the Separate church buildings. Mary, 

House ^j^^ mother of Mark, offered her 

house in Jerusalem to the band of apostles, 
and there they met and prayed for Peter's 
deliverance from prison. Lydia opened her 
house in Philippi to the Church, and in that 

Consecrated Drawing-Rooms 


Church was laid the comer-stone of the 
evangelization and civilization of Europe. 
Wlierever PrisciUa had a house, God had a 
Church. »* Greet the Church that is in their 
house," Paul often says in his epistles ; and 
it is written, " Greet the saints which are of 
Csesar^s household." Even in the palace of 
Caesar was a consecrated meeting-place, from 
which the kingdom of God was spread. 

But some may say that was in the early 
days of the Church, and those meetings 
were in no sense social functions; modem 
society is frivolous or worse. It need not be 

Consecrated ^^» *°^ often it is not There are 
Drawing. many more consecrated drawing- 
rooms rooms among people of wealth 
than is generally supposed. I myself have 
been to popular teas, musicales and other 
social gatherings in homes of wealth and 
culture, where the whole atmosphere was 
ennobling and purifying, and the influence 
immense for morality, uprightness and re- 
ligion. At these drawing-room teas, the 
main subjects of conversation were the best 
books of our greatest authors, the deeds of 
noble men and women, or political or social 
wrongs that must be righted. At musical 
teas, I have heard music that was like the 
holiest prayer, lifting the soul to God with 
a passionate yearning for a closer union 
with Him, and for a more earnest consecra- 
tion of life. David of old praised the Lord 
with music. At afternoon and e veni ng soci al 
gatherings, poems have been read that left 
an impression upon the mind for good that 
will reach far into the future. Never can I 
forget how, one evening, the host himself 
read to his guests **The Ballad of Judas 
Iscariot." I was not ashamed of the tears 
that would flow as this sermon in verse was 
so impressively read, for on all sides of me 
others, too, wiped away their tears. . Some 
of us may remember houses in the country 
where the best room was closely shut from 
the household and from the sunshine, and 
opened under protest, almost as if it were a 
desecration, except for such solemn occa- 

sions as a funeral or a marriage. Who can 
forget what Balzac , so impressively calls 
"the odor of the shut-in?" About many a 
Shut and ^^^^^ there is an equally oppres- 
Open sive moral atmosphere of the shut- 
Houses ijj 2^^(^ ^i^g shut-out. There are also 

homes of wealth and luxury that are open 
to their own inmates alone, but the beauty 
and comfort of them carefully and selfishly 
guarded from any outsider. In the story of 
Dives, not a crime is read out against him. 
He simply shut himself in with his luxurious 
surroundings, and left the dogs to care for 
the helpless ones at his gate. And for that 
he is held up to perpetual infamy. On the 
other hand, we can recall houses that have 
become famous as centres of influence. The 
power of the French salon is almost a by- 
word, and the influence of the English 
drawing-room upon politics and in setting 
literary currents is well known. In New 
England, the drawing-room has been a great 
moral power. The story of Mrs. Sargeant's 
drawing-room and the Radical Club is part of 
the history of Boston ; and almost every com- 
munity in New England has had its houses 
wherein have started movements for village 
improvements, for reforms and for charities. 
The modem drawing-room exerts a great 
power. That power is being recognized and 
used for all sorts of charitable work: for 
reforms, for legal rights for the Indians, for 
the relief of the Armenians, for the benefit 
of hospitals, and also for missions. When 
Henry Grattan Guinness, of England, offered 
.to the Board of our denomination the Congo 
Congo Mis- Mission, the offer was met with 
sion Saved indifference on one hand, and 
strong predjudice and opposition on the 
other. The denomination could not support 
another mission. It had already more than 
it could carry. The sainted Dr. A. J. Gor- 
don, whose heart was full of zeal for the 
evangelization of the Dark Continent, turned 
aside from his own parish duties, and, taking 
with him a devoted missionary just returned 
from the Congo, he made a tour of the large 


Consecrated Drawing-Rooms 

cities and towns holding drawing-room meet- 
ings, and in a few weeks he turned the whole 
current of feeling so that our people no 
longer opposed the project, but accepted the 
mission with joy. 

In the history of the work for the McAll 
Mission, the drawing-room has been used 
most successfully. We have all heard of 
the successful drawing-room meetings in 
McAU New York, and in my own city we 
Mission have occasionally used them with 
pleasing and gratifying results. At one 
given recently, one hundred and fifty-five 
ladies listened to the story of one who had 
visited some of the stations with Mrs. McAll. 
Chocolate and wafers were served after the 
speech, and the ladies lingered over their 
light refreshments to talk together of the 
work of the mission and its good results. 
Not only did the mission gain several new 
subscribers, but $48 was found in the bowl 
for silver offerings after the guests had de- 
parted. I heard of a town where several 
ladies agreed together to consecrate each in 
her turn one of her " at home " days to the 
McAll Mission. Beside, the receiver for 
cards was a receptacle for money, and over 
it a card announced that offerings for the 
McAll Mission would be gratefully received. 
I understand that the financial results were 
very gratifying. The Indian Association in 
this city holds a drawing-room meeting every 
two months. In some meetings bright, in- 
teresting articles culled from the official 
monthly papers or the monthly letter to the 
auxiliaries, or entertaining papers specially 
prepared for the occasion, are read. 

A worker from the field is hailed as a 
veritable bonanza, and his services eagerly 
sought for the drawing-room meeting. The 
light refreshments and social chat are es- 
tablished features of the meetings and add 
immensely to their popularity and attend- 
ance. The cost is merely nominal. 

I have been to luncheons, formal ones, 
too, where the main topic of conversation 
was a certain mission, and one bright and 

enthusiastic worker says that at her house 
they have the mission in which she is in- 
Howto terested, for breakfast, luncheon and 
do it dinner every day in the year, whether 
there is company or not. I know a beauti- 
ful young woman, recently married, quite a 
society belle, as they say, whose heart is full 
of love for a certain charity. A short time 
ago she opened her beautiful home, filled 
with objects of interest, gathered during her 
travels in the Orient, for the benefit of this 
charity. She gave a luncheon to one hun- 
dred of her friends, but each guest paid a 
dollar for the invitation. It was not the 
money she wanted. Her luncheon cost her 
more than she received, but she wanted 
friends for the cause, and she wanted to 
make that particular charity the fashion so 
far as her influence could reach. Why not 
make the Foreign Mission the fashion where 
you live.** Get the most influential women 
in your town or city to join you in giving 
Foreign Mission Teas, Foreign Mission 
Luncheons, Foreign Mission Drawing-room 
Meetings, social evenings with bright, well- 
trained young ladies to read interesting ex- 
tracts from the prolific sources of informa- 
tion issued by the society; or utilize your 
native talent for fresh, original articles. 
Intersperse music, singing, banjo, zither, 
mandolin, violin or piano. Have a bright, 
pleasing recitation or two and end with 
light, inexpensive refreshments. One woman 
in a community can do much, but a few 
combined can do infinitely more. If one 
woman only talks everywhere she goes 
about the Foreign Mission, she may by 
some be called a crank. If a dozen or 
twenty or fifty talk about it with the same 
enthusiasm, curiosity and interest will be 
aroused, people will begin to ask, " What is 
this Mission we hear so much about?" and 
when people become interested in an object 
they usually give toward its support. 

" Poverty," says John Stuart Mill, »* in 
any sense implying suffering, may be com- 
pletely extinguished by the wisdom of 

. j 

Consecrated Drawing-Rooms 


svciety, combined with the good sense and 
providence of individuals." The wisdom of 
society directed by the good sense and 
providence of individuals, may be used to 
extinguish a worse foe to any people thaj) 
poverty, and that is, infidelity. 

The word economy, which we use so 
snuch, is from two Greek words, meaning 
■■the law of the house." The law of some 
liouses is show, some, selfishness, some, 
genial hospitality and some, consecrated 
helpfulness. It rests upon the personality 
of the queen of the home what the law of her 
house shall be. The hostess can direct and 
lead the thought of every guest that enters 
her home. 

We cannot forget that it was the work of 
one bad, ambitious woman that wrought 
untold ruin in France ; but for her, France 
^vould be Protestant to-day. That woman 
was Catharine de Medici, widow of Henry 
11., mother of Charles IX., the evil genius 

of France, and the curse of the house of 
Vaiois. For fifty years she influenced and 
corrupted French history. She taught her 
own ^children debauchery, and solicited 
them to vice. It was she who used her 
drawing-room to plan the monumental 
crime of French history. It was she, who 
when the plan was about to miscarry, stood 
over (he irresolute king, and forced him to 
acquiesce in the massacre of the Huguenots. 
France lost through her the best blood of 
the nation. 

All over the world bad, ambitious, self- 
seeking women have used their drawing- 
rooms for self-aggrandizement, for the low- 
ering of moral standards and for political 
advancement for the men of their families. 

Women of America \ Let us use our 
drawing-rooms and all the social influence 
we possess to carry forward the work of 
Christ's kingdom in every land God's beauti- 
ful sun shines upon. 



BHAMO to Yachau via Suichaufu is 
sixty-eight days continuous travielling. 

The item of time is, however, but a small 
matter as compared with the real toil of such 
a journey. There is no Great Western Rail- 
road over which your belongings may be 
checked and yourself carried free of care 
and responsibility from point to point till the 
terminus is reached and you are at home ; 
no dining-car system catering for the wants 
of its patrons, and adding those elements of 
luxury to which travellers at home are accus- 
tomed. Animals for transport, bedding for 
the travellers, medicine for emergencies, and 
canned food for contingencies, besides the 
responsibility for your men, the constant 
watch against cheating, the uncertainty of 
reception in every new place you enter, and 
the possible danger from roving robbers, — 
these constitute the burden of travel in China 
far more than the actual distance to be cov- 
ered in miles. 

The tug of parting began in the Kachin 
compound at Bhamo and culminated in the 
last shouted ♦♦Good-by" as Mr. Roberts 
and the Deputy Commissioner for this dis- 
trict, who had been our escort to the border, 
turned their faces homeward, and we turned 
towards China. That last evening on the 
frontier we sat around the camp-fire with the 
picket that guards the ford, fine fellows be- 
longing to the British Indian Aimy ; they told 
us* stories of their home land, through the 
officer in charge, and wound up by a hearty 
injunction to send for them in case of trouble. 

Across the ford, up the hill we went in the 
early morning sun, past the Chinese stock- 
ade, where all was silence, no challenge or 
obstruction as we had feared, only the cus- 
tomary greeting at the second ** fort," *' Oh, 
have you eaten early rice ? " and so past the 
shrine of the mountain god (sure sign we 
were in China) , only to find our first challenge 
at the top ' ' fort " in the form of * ♦ Teacher, 
have you any medicine?" a need we were 

glad to supply, and thus begin anew our ser- 
vice in China. 

Bhamo to Tengyueh is eight days over an 
indifferent road where supplies are uncertain 
and inns scarce. Manwyne, the town where 
less than twenty years since a young British 
official was officially murdered by the Chi- 
nese while leading a diplomatic mission from 
the viceroy of India, is a small huddled col- 
lection of houses and shops on a narrow 
street, but is beginning to feel the impulse 
of the trade from Burma and is expanding. 
Tengyueh would make a good centre for a 
mission station, being at the focus of three 
routes from Burma and in contact with 
Chinese, Shans, and Kachins. 

With the extension of western enterprise, 
this town will become of increasing impor- 
tance, and is the first natural step across the 
eastern border of Burma into the wider field 
to which an excellent equipment in Bunna 
inevitably leads. From this point to Talifu 
is twelve days over some of the most trying 
roads on the whole journey. The Shweli 
and Salwen rivers are crossed within the first 
three days, while further on the deep dark 
chasm, through which the Mekong winds, 
tests the endurance of both men and horses. 

This latter river is interesting because of 
the probable connection it has with the 
Karens in their ancient home beyond these 
mountains. Here is an iron suspension 
bridge to which their traditions point, and it 
may be that in this region lies one of the 
mission fields for the expanding Christian 
life of the Karens in Burma. 

At Talifu we meet the first mission station 
on Chinese soil. The Inland Mission has 
had a work here for about twenty years, and 
though the progress has been slow there are 
evidences of a gathering harvest in the near 
future. The city lies in the shadow of a 
snowy range, on the shore of an extensive 
lake, and is one of the healthiest places in 
the West. 

TTie Re/urn to Ssehuan 


The unquestioned heroism of that mission- 
ary family — fother, mother, and three small 
children — livinji; in this far firontier town, 
thirteen days from their nearest colleagues in 
the work, weeks away irora the nearest doc- 
tor, cut off in a real sense from the outside 
world, — all this and much more in the social 
ostracism, the intellectual barrenness, and the 
dearth of all spiritual fellowship that can only 
be indicated, — this impressed us profoundly 
uid added a wider apprehension to our ex- 

able to retrace our steps and go by a more 
easterly road that eventually became the 
main road to the north. Three days' tramp 
back over a road already covered is not a 
means of grace to say the least of it, 
especially when it lay along a hot, windy 
valley, ill supplied with the essentiab of living. 
We had made one day along the new road 
and put up at a little market-town, — Midien, 
^ and all seemed favorable for the journey 
ahead, and we were about to retire in good 


perience of frontier mission work. We 
tediv felt like using that word ■■ pioneer'' 
snv more. The route ftom Tali lay to the 
north across the Yangtze river, at the point 
"tifre it takes its long southern bend ; and 
llicD through the western section of Sicliuan 
lo Yachau. thirty odd days of travel. 

When we reached the little town just 
wross the big river we learned that the 
country ahead was in the hands of local rebels 
ud was unsafe, hence it was deemed advis- 

.spirits, with our faces set homeward at last. 
Alas for tlie frailty of appearances ! A row 
at the front gate of the inn called us out. and 
it was only by the most strenuous efforts tliat 
a general uproar was avoided, and our helper, 
who had been attacked rescued from a man 
who had used an Iron bludgeon on his head 
and ribs to disastrous (.fleet Not much rest 
thai night, but a rather anxious watch till day- 
light, when we set out for the country town 
and laid the case before the authorilies, for 


7%t Return to Szckui 

the benelit of future travellers. That iron 
bludgeon hangs above me at this writing, 
a rather grim memento of a happy deliver- 

From this point we set our faces eastward 
and in thirteen days reached Yunnanfu, one 
of the points touched on our outward journey 
from Suifu. 

There is little space left to sum up our im- 
• pressions and convictions resulting from the 
long journey and its experiences. Perhaps 
this stands out most vividly as the chief: 
The work of the Missionary Union in Burma 
has created a base from which to reach over 
into western China, both for the masses of 
Shans and Kachins, for which work the Mis- 
. sionary Union only has the equipment in 
language, translations and access, and also 
for the controlling Chinese who cannot be 
overlooked in the claim of this region. It is 
probable that the workers from Assam will 
advance to meet the work in upper Burma, 
along the route of railway extension, and so 
connect on that side, and the line of further 

advance will be eastward into the territory 
lying beyond the Salwen. 

Current political development is opening 
the way for this. The interest and aggression 
of the Karen Christians will find for them- 
selves an outlet here, working towards their 
ancient home. It is desirable that the Mb- 
sionary Union should be in a position to 
avail itself of the forces thus working in this 
direction by having a station so near to the 
northern frontier of Burma as may be a 
basis for the advancing line in thb territory. 

The field in upper Burma is practically in 
the hands of the Baptist- working force, and 
thus an added obligation is placed upon us 
and forward we must go. There is no alter- 
native between advance and stagnation, and 
we shall not stagnate. May the Divine im- 
pulse come in increasing power upon the 
Christians of all the constituency of the 
Missionary Union ; upon men who can come. 
upon those who can give, and let us give as 
only those do whose lives are dominated by the 
convictions of eternal love and eternal duty. 




ONE of the first problems in the early 
church to which the Holy Ghost gave 
attention was the problem of finance. The 
vital connection between the spiritual life 
and the grace of giving must never be lost 
sight of, and an appeal made to the highest 
and most sacred motives in inducing giving 
for the enterprises of the kingdom of God. 
It is manifestly the duty of the leaders of a 
church of Christ to educate the conscience 
of the members of the church upon the 
naatter of their financial responsibility. The 
New Testament presents the grace of giving 
*s of especial importance among the graces, 
^''tule in ordinary church administration the 
'^^satter of finance is treated as a grind rather 
*^^^^n a grace. 

The first step toward Christian methods of 
Xing and of providing for the current ex- 
nses of God's house must be the restora- 
tion of giving to its place among the graces, 
this may be accomplished in one way, 
least. By placing covenant vows for the 
ipport of God's house upon the same basis 
the other exercises of the spiritual life, 
icret prayer, the study of the Scriptures, 
^-l^d attendance upon the Lord's Supper. 

In consonance with this principle the fol- 
^^^wing resolutions were adopted by the 
^^uggles Street Baptist Church as an edu- 
^^^tional force, that the membership might be 
^t^imulated* encouraged, and instructed in 
^Viis most sacred and serious duty: 

^* Resahfed^ That the Ruggles Street Bap- 
Chorch considers the obligation to con- 
^^bute money to the support of worship in 
^^^od^s lioase, and to the general work of His 
^^hurch, as truly and as imperatively a duty 
that of pcayer, or the performance of any 
the ^eaoraX responsibilities of the Chris- 
*• TJUrrfaref resolved , That because of 
'^ilus ob%ation, the church hereby declares 

that a proportionate part of this pecuniary 
burden should be borne by each member 
connected with it, feeling assured that the 
cheerful assumption of this duty will honor 
God, benefit and elevate men, and tend to a 
higher development of the Christian life. 

♦* Resolved^ That exemption from this im- 
portant obligation may be allowed in all 
cases where unfavorable circumstances de- 
mand it — the exemption to be made after 
application to an officially appointed member 
of the Prudential Committee of the Church. 
It is further ordered that such applications 
shall, so far as possible, be considered as 

\'' Resolved^ That any unexplained or un- 
satisfactory delinquency in the performance 
of this duty must be submitted to the con- 
sideration of the full Prudential Committee, 
to be acted upon by them after conclusive 
investigation has been made — such delin- 
quency, if unwarranted, to be treated as are 
other serious violations of church vows, or 
lack of fidelity to God and the covenants 
that each member has declared by public 
profession he has entered into in his rela- 
tions to Him. 

^* Resolved^ That this rule has been thus 
definitely presented, and the consequences of 
its violation declared, because of the convic- 
tion of the Church, that while the rule must 
be made in order to obtain the means to 
carry on its sacred work, it is also essential 
to the full development of the religious char- 
acter, and the spiritual life of its members. 
In this belief the Church is assured that if 
generously and conscientiously complied with, 
it will exemplify to an unbelieving world the 
sincerity and devotion of its members more 
fully than any mere profession of Chris- 
tianity, made in public prayer or in earnest 
exhortation in the assemblies of God's 

** // is further Resolved, That the 
Church should know at the beginning of 
each financial year the full amount of money 
it is to receive to meet its current expenses 
for the twelve months that are to follow. 
This is necessary so that, if possible, its ex- 
penditures may not exceed its income, and 
thus a yearly Church debt be avoided. For 


The Problem of Local I'inance 

this reason, it is also necessary that each 
member should give, upon a form of memo- 
randum to be prepared each year for the pur- 
pose, the amount that he or she can pay 
weekly to. God for his or her Church obliga- 
tions and privileges. This is to be con- 
sidered by the Church Committee as wholly 
confidential. If through oversight or for 
anv reason, there should be failure to do 
this duty, it shall then be the province of 
the Church Committee to call upon the 
delinquent member to secure the necessary 
subscription, or to learn the reason why 
it has not been made. As will be readily 
seen, money put into the open Sabbath col- 
lection cannot be accepted as a reason for 
not making this subscription. If this could 
be allowed, the Church would always be em- 
barrassed because of the uncertainty of its 

•*/« conclusion^ The Church would sug- 
gest — Should there be any question as to 
the obligation of each follower of Christ to 
give pecuniary support to His Church, even 
at the cost of personal sacrifice, it is only 
needful for the conscientious inquirer to re- 
member the terms of discipleship which he 
accepts in making a profession of loyalty to 
Him and of submission to His service. 

** What is the essential condition of 
Christian discipleship.^ 

** That the soul must give itself to Christ 
in a relation more complete, unreserved, and 
self-denying than that given by a bride to 
her bridegroom — embodying all that a man 
has, or that the soul hopes for in this life and 
in that which is to come. As Christ more 
than fulfilled for men this condition of self- 
renunciation He expects men to fulfil it for 
Him, plainly teaching it in these unmistak- 
able words : * There is no man that hath 
left (sacrificed) house or brethren or 
sisters or father or mother or wife or chil- 
dren or lands for my sake and the gospel's, 
but he shall receive an hundred fold in this 
time, and in the world to come life ever- 

** The Church therefore leaves the impor- 
tant duty it has embodied in the above reso- 
lutions to each member's conscience and to 
the record to be revealed when the Son of 
Man shall come in His glory, to judge men 
by the deeds done in the body, whether they 
be good or whether they be evil." 

Every new member of the Church is 
handed these resolutions as embodying the 

law of the Church as to the impor 
of local finance, and at the same ti 
presented with a card for his subscrij 
and a package of envelopes to receiv 
weekly offerings for the current expens 
count which is pledged in the following 
*• I promise to pay, each week^ for th< 
rent expenses of the Ruggles Street B 
Church, for the year beginning Janus 
1897, and ending January i, 1898 
amount I have written below: 



Amount .. Date 

It will be seen that the card for ci 
expenses involves a promise to pay^ 
seems to the Church that it is the clear 1 
ing of the New Testament that the 
tenance of God's house, the benefits of ' 
accrue to its own supporters in large 
ure, is rather the paying of a legit 
obligation than the giving of a benefi 
from purely unselfish motives. 

The pastor of the church, the janito 
printer, and the coalman are not to be c 
among beneficiaries, and the current ex 
account is to be differentiated fron 
benevolent account. 

In keeping with its convictions upc 
principles of the New Testament, the 
gles Street Church further seeks to d< 
the spirit of proportionate and syste 
beneficence among its members by s 

First of all, by the Missionary Comn 
which has in charge the leadership c 
Church in the study of world-wide mis 
by the maintenance of a regular missi 
concert for prayer, and the managem 
classes for missionary instruction amon 

Second, by the Christian Stewards' Le 
which consists of a company of people 
moved by the Spirit of God, have mad 
following pledge and associated them 
together voluntarily for mutual helpfii 

Tlie Problem of Local Finance 



Recognizing myself to be a Steward of the 
manifold gifts of God, holding my posses- 
sions as a sacred trust to be administered 
according to the will of my Lord as it shall 
be made known to me individually, and de- 
siring to x^xA^x practical and operative this 
trusteeship, I hereby associate myself with 
others under the name of the Christian 
Stewards' League, and subscribe to the 


I covenant with the Lord, and with those 
who enter with me into the fellowship of this 
consecration that 1 will devote a propor- 
TioxATE PART of my income — not less 
than one- tenth — to benevolent and religious 

And this I do /// His name who hath loved 
me, and hath given himself lor me, my Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ. 

This league, with its prayers and testi- 
monies, creates an influence which little by 
little is pervading the whole membership, as 
one after another is brought, under the in- 
struction of the Holy Spirit, to see the 
principles and responsibilities of Christian 

Third. These proportionate givers fur- 
ther pledge themselves for the distribution 
of their ** lay-by money" among the several 
phases of Christian work and missionary 
enterprises upon the following card, and to 
deposit regularly their oflferings, which are 
distributed proportionately to the several 
causes enumerated in the list : 



Recognizing my responsibility as a ** good 
steward of the manifold grace of God " ( i 
Pet, 4:10), and taught of God that ** it is re- 
quired in stewards that a man be found faith- 
ful" (I Cor. 4: 2), I promise to give to the 
Benevolent Work of the Kingdom of God, 
through the Treasury of the Ruggles Street 

Baptist Church, per week, 

the same to be devoted to the several objects 
enumerated below in the proportion indi- 
cated on the basis of too per cent. 

{Suggested, '\ 
Deacons' Fund for Relief of the 

Poor 10 per cent. 

American Baptist Missionary 

Union [Foreign] ... 25 per cent. 
American Baptist Home Mission- 
ary Society [Home] ... 25 per cent. 
Massachusetts Baptist State Con- 
vention 5 per cent. 

City Missions [Baptist Bethel and 

German Church] .... 5 per cent. 
Our Own Bible School . . . 10 per cent. 
Ministerial Education . . . 10 per cent. 
Aged Ministers and Ministers' 

Widows and Orphans . . 5 per cent. 
Bible and Colportage work . 5 per cent. 

100 per cent. 



By these several agencies and methods the 
Church hopes to impress all of the people for 
whose spiritual life it is held responsible 
with the great responsibilities and privileges 
of paying and giving, and thus in solving the 
problems of local finance to have their part in 
solving the great problems of the wider 
ranges of God's Kingdom. 



in 1877, I desired to be a missionary, 
and the twelve years which elapsed between 
IhU time and the date of my departure for the 
foreign field. I rejoiced to keep my life-object 
in view, longing and praying thai every ex- 
perience — scholastic, commer- 
Eiriy Experi- cial, collegiate, and evangelistic 
— should provide, in its turn, tit 
training for my life-work. 

Arriving in China in the spring of 1S89, 
my first year was spent at Chefu, in the 
Protestant Collegiate School of the China 
Inland Mission, taking the place there of one 
of the masters, whose health had broken 
down, and it was not till the autumn of the 
following year that I was able to start on the 
long inland journey to my appointed station, 

ally varied and inlereitlnj Chat we have *Dlicital the 

where my brother was holding the fort alone, 
and had long been praying for my arrival. 

Ch'eng-Ku-hsieo is a walled dty of about 
forty thousand inhabitants, situated on the 
north bank of the River Han, a day's journey 
from the large prefectural city Hanchong-fi] 
and about three months' jotiraey from the 
coast (two thousand miles). This city 
Mr. Pearse, of the China Inland Mission, 
opened as a station in 1887, and was soon 
afterwards joined by my brother. Rev. Albert 
Huntley, who undertook the oversight of the 
work in a short time after his arrival, owing 
to the former's return to England with his 
wife and family, for their much-needed fur- 
lough. The station was reenforced by Mrs. 
Albert Huntley a few months later. It »-as 
my privilege to join these dear workers in 
January, 1891, and our small band was fiirther 
strengthened by two sisters, the Misses 
Coleman and Harrison, in the spring of 

The Lord's richest blessing rested upon 
this work from the first. We were all of 
one mind as to missionary tactics, — wear- 
ing the native dress, living in native 
houses, and keeping our home and table as 
simple as we could consistently, without run- 
ning much risk on the score of health. Our 
appropriations for the station were not large, 
and we believe the work is not weaker but 
stronger because of the simple, natural way 
in which It has grown. Indeed, our aim 
has always been to build up a self-support- 
ing and strong, native church. From statis- 
tics which 1 have before me, it may be seen 
that in December, 1889, there was one or- 
ganised church with thirty-four baptized from 
commencement; there were no native help- 
ers, no dispensary, no oui-statioa, and no 
school. But at the beginning of iS94> 

My Missionary Exptriente 

there were three organized churches with 107 
baptized from commencement, one evangelist 
paid by native church, one evangelist paid 
by missioD funds, eight unpaid native help- 
^s^. and a colporteur supported by private 
Aads. There was also a dispensary with an 
attendance of about 4,000 patients during the 
year, four out-stations, and a school with two 
school teachers. From this time the work 
bas steadily increased, and there are to-day 
in this district more than 150 Christiana, 
-who gather at the Lord's table to remember 
His death "till He come." The methods 
adopted to reach the people may be briefly 
^ven under four heads : 


A large shop was rented on the main 
t^horoughfore, which we converted into a 
street-preaching chapel ; here foreign mis- 
sionary and native helper, by conversation 
and preaching, sought to make known to 
these people the old, old story. We found 
it helped our work to have pictures painted by 
native artists, illustrating Gospel truths, and 
also folding scrolls upon which various texts 
and subjects were written. Thus througli 
the eye as well as through 
the ear, the heathen were 
daily taught their need of a 
Savior. Sometimes the lis- 
teners would linger for hours, 
and often by intelligent ques- 
tions would lead us to believe 
that they had grasped much 
of gosftel truth, while many 
purchased tracts and Gospels, 
which were spread for sale on 
the stand before us, and carried 
the silent message away to 
their distant homes. 

viate the sufferings of these ignorant and 
superstitious people. It also afforded us good 
opportunity for individual conversation with 
those who were made peculiarly receptive by 
kindness shown In medical treatment. 

A man named Wang, living seven It away 
in [he country, came one day suffering from 
an incurable disease. I told him his case 

was hopeless, though by the per- 
Bi^ing ti»ir formance of a simple operation, 

and the administration of reme- 
dies, I could certainly alleviate his sutferings, 
and perhaps prolong hia life. The operation 
was performed and the remedies administered, 
and the man drank in with intense longing 
the story of God's love in sending a Savior 
to die for poor sinful men. He became a 
willing learner, and soon gave evidence that 
he had passed '■ from death unto life." The 
idols, which he had worshipped for )-ears, 
were taken from his home, and brought by 
his wife to our Sunday morning service in the 
city; she set tire to them, and the native 
Christians stood around, singing heartily as 
the flames rose upward. " Praise God from 
whom all blessings flow." Mr. Wang soon 
became too weak to come to town, and I 



Behind the preaching-hall we had a small visited him 

dispensary, and though my medical knowl- A day or ( 

tdge was by no me^ns extensive, it was a sids and 

peat privilege to be dale to do much to alle- from John 

L his home for several weeks. 
> before he died. I sat by his 
5 about to rend a few verses 
'., but first remarked, "Wang- 


My Missionary Experience 

ta-ie " (that was his name), *• the Lord spoke 
these words to His disciples because they 
were in great sorrow." ♦* Pastor," he said 
interrupting, *' 1 am not in great sorrow; my 
sins are forgiven, and I am going home to be 
with Jesus." A little later, a native Christian 
leaned over and asked what he remembered 
about the Fuh-in (happy sound-Gospel). 
The old man faintly whispered '' Kiu-chu^'* 
(Savior), and quietly passed away to be for- 
ever with the Lord. 

Is'ai-ta-ie was a farmer, whose wife had 
recently joined our little band. She was con- 
verted through and through, and 

Another her face was ever radiant with 
Bonfire , _, . 

an mward joy. This woman 

received bitter persecution from her husband 
and eldest son, the former threatening to cut 
off his wife's feet if she dared to enter our 
preaching-hall again. The native Christians, 
as they gathered at the usual prayer-meeting, 
were saddened as they heard this threat, but 
Mrs. Is'ai's face was as happy as ever; she 
had prayed for her husband and she believed 
God would hear. 

Soon afterwards Mr. Is'ai was taken sick. 
He tried one or two native doctors, but •* was 
nothing bettered, but rather grew worse " 
after taking their mysterious concoctions. 
He was recommended to see the foreign 
teacher in the city, and was told of many 
who had been healed by his remedies. He 
hesitated, saying, ** I would blush to present 
myself before them. I have said such awful 
things about them." At last he yielded. I 
shall never forget the day he visited us. After 
a lohg conversation with my brother in the 
preaching- hall, he seated himself in the dis- 
pensary. He seemed broken down with the 
kindness which we were able to show liim, 
and we believe his heart was touched, too, 
with the Savior's love ; anyway, he told his 
wife she could go to the meetings if she 
chose. Soon he came himself, and it was not 
very long before his idols were taken down, 
and we had another glorious bontire, and 

another doxology of praise, as we beheld one 
more * * turned to God from idols to serve 
the living and true God, and to wait for His 
Son from heaven." After the usual proba- 
tionary period, he received baptism, and con- 
tinues with us to-day, a deacon of the church, 
and a valuable voluntary native helper. 



My brother and I would take turns to 
journey into surrounding districts, in com- 
pany with a native preacher. The principal 
markets were visited over and over again, 
and in addition to the preaching of the 
Word, we were able to sell large numbers of 
Christian books and Gospels to the multi- 
tudes of people who thronged these busy 
centres. The out-stations already alluded 
to, in each of which to-day are planted in- 
dependent churches, are largely the result of 
this work. 


We praise God for a large number of ear- 
nest Christians, greatly desiring the salvation 
of others of these some eight or ten would 
meet at our house for Bible study on Mon- 
day evenings, and constituted our *♦ Preach- 
er's class.'" It was pleasing to note* the 
growth in grace, and the increase in knowl- 
edge of these earnest workers, and we relied 
largely upon them for the conduct of the 
services held simultaneously in seven differ- 
ent places every Sunday morning. Occa- 
sionally these helpers would be wilHng to 
accompany us on a preaching tour of two or 
three weeks, giving up their work for the 
time being, and receiving no remuneration 
from us, excepting their bare travelling 
expenses (six cents per day). 

In this way we have sought to reach the 
perishing around us, and as, to-day, we wit- 
ness the result, we cry, ** Lo, what hath God 
wrought ? '^ and rejoice to hear with divine 
assurance, '* Ye shall see greater things than 



Bev H, A. Kemp 

Chauchaufu, Dec. i6, 1896 

We began our work around the wall inside, 
and gradually extended it in toward the 
centre, until we have now reached the most 
densely populated part of the city. We have 
preached in the courts of the yamens and in 
the open spaces on the streets. Thus far we 
have received respectful attention everywhere. 
When I look back two years to the time when 
I moved into this city, my heart goes out in 
thanksgiving to God, for He has wrought 
wonderfully here. At that time the spirit of 
hostility was evident on every hand. Now 
the people seem much more friendly. They 
seem to be getting rid of the idea that we are 
here, as they so often said, to spy out their 

As to results of this street preaching, it has 
cleared up some of the conflicting ideas held 
in regard to the doctrine which we preach. 
A great many of the Chinese regard the en-, 
tering the church as a means to worldly gain ; 
they think that if they have law-suits, or. if a 
man owes them money, being in the church 
they can go to the foreign teacher and he will 
fight their law-suits for them successfully and 
intimidate their debtors into paying them. 
The attendance at the chapel has been in- 
creased by the street preaching. Some are 
asking for baptism. Great care must be 
exercised in taking them in, for they often 
sav that they want to worship God, when 
what they really want is some worldly ben- 

I think that if we could have a preaching- 
hall on some one of the densely crowded 
thoroughfares where we could preach and 
sell parts of the Scriptures and other relig- 
ious tracts, it would be a valuable addition to 
our work. I hope that it will not be long 
before we shall have such a place. 

Bev. T. D. Holmes 

KiNHWA, Oct. 6, 1S96 

Many encouraging features are seen in the 

church work. The people are awakening to 

the need of doing more to support their work. 

Latelv one church that is doing fairlv well 

made manv excuses and said that thev were 

doing all they possibly could. Their preacher, 
who has a large family, begged me either to 
increase his salary or pay the rent on his house, 
where the church worships. I called the 
church together, showed them the unreason- 
ableness of any one but themselves paying 
the rent on the building where they wor- 
ship, told them that I could promise nothing 
from the Union that was urging retrenchment 
everywhere, but that I would out of my tenth 
help provide if they themselves would first 
subscribe liberally. Thus encouraged, they 
immediately started a paper. While some 
were glibly calling out the sums they would 
pledge, I reminded them that this was the 
Lord*s work and no light matter, and that 
every cash must be forthcoming if possible. 
All solemnly promised to pay, and one brother 
emphasized his words by throwing a silver 
dollar on the table. In a few moments, with 
what I promised, they had enough to pay 
their rent for a year. 

Candidates for the ministry. — Early in the 
summer two young men applied to be sent to 
the school at Shaohing to study for the min- 
istry, I tried to show them the gravity of the 
matter and asked the church to pray for them 
that they might be sent forth by the Holy 
Spirit. At the appointed time, with the 
preacher and elders of the church, we exam- 
ined them. Their answer to one question 
impressed me with their genuineness. *' How 
is it," I said," that you desire to be preachers, 
when in so many places young men are refus- 
ing to become preachers because the prospect 
of employment by the Boards is so poor ; per- 
haps in a few years all these churches will 
be thrown on their own resources.^" Their 
reply was, " We want to preach for the Lord 
Jesus, not for money." I did not hesitate to 
recommend them to Mr. Jenkins. 

At our last zOorkers^ conference^ September 
16, we considered this subject: " The Gift of 
the Holy Spirit." Though the discussions did 
not come up to what I wanted, I think before 
we separated each one felt the need of more 
Holy Spirit power in his work, and that all 
were living far beneath our privilege in that 
respect. As 1 wish to keep the matter of 
self-support prominently before them, I 
asked them at the next conference which 
meets in December to discuss the question of 
Scriptural Giving. To have the subject 
thoroughly treated and call out their best 
efforts, I offered first and second prizes. 





HAVE you ever been to Nonhfield to 
■ attend a Students' Conference ? If you 
have you will instantly recall those days of 

refreshing; the inspiring addresses, the exqui- 
site scenery, and the blessed spiritual influ- 
ence with which the very air seemed to be 
laden. But whoever thought of a ■■ North- 
field "Conference in China? — great, heathen, 
unspiritual China ! But thank God for facts 
surpassing any hope or expectation of our 
own. For several years, missionaries labor- 
ing in China, who in previous years had en- 
joyed the various Conferences in America, for 
the deepening of the spiritual life, had coveted 
just such blessings from China. Efforts have 
been made from time to lime to secure work- 
ers from the home land to conduct such meet- 
ings, bul without avail. The proposed visit 

of Mr. Mott, under the auspices of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, was hailed as 

affording the desired opportunity, and prep- 
arations were carried eagerly forward. 

There were several reasons which led 
those who had the preparation in charge to 
believe that God would greatly bless such 
gatherings. In the first place, before reaching 
China, Mr. Mott would have met the students 
of Australia, India, and Ceylon, and would 
have come to understand the Oriental mind 
as he could not have done when he first 
started out ; he would thus be able to 
know better how to help them. Then, 
again, there were those to work up 
the Conferences who had been trained in 
that line, in America; there was, also, as has 
been said, alarge number of missionaries and 
teaohers who had been praying' for such 
gatherings, and so were expecting a great 
blessing ; another thing which was very help- 
ful, was the fact that most of the students 
who would attend such a Conference were 
from evangelical institutions under missionary 
control. Last, but by no means least, was 
the great volume of prayer that was going 
up from the students in the land which Mr. 
Mott had previously visited, for God's bless- 
ing on his labors in China. 


were planned to be held at Chefu, Peking, 
Shanghai, and Fuchau, with two subordinate 
ones at Tientsin and Hankau. The attend- 
ance surpassed the expectations of the most 
sanguine, there being in all l,oot students 
and 2,883, including teachers, missionaries, 
foreigners, and others. The attendance 
represented forty institutions of learning and 
thirty-seven missionary societies, while many 
of the missionaries present were veterans in 
the service, greatly honored of God, wbo* 

For Baptist Young PeopU 


for the sake of China's students, rejoiced to 
see this day. Great spiritual power, and a 
glowing enthusiasm marked all the meetings ; 
—not emotional enthusiasm, but enthusiasm 
of an earnest purpose, in wrought with faith, 
and fresh determination to seek and do the 
wiJJ of God. The presence and guidance of 
the Holy Spirit was constantly sought in the 
meetings ; there was no effort to bring men 
to the front, but an earnest desire that * * in 
all things He might have the preemience." 
Mr. Mott gave a number of powerful ad- 
<lresses. His work has brought him so 
dosely in touch with the students in all lands 
that he is admirably qualified to meet their 
Deeds, and is most helpful in his addresses 
on Bible study and prayer. Besides ad- 
dresses on the spiritual life we note those on 
the " Spiritual Needs and Claims of China," 
"The Spiritual Crisis in China." **The 
Strategic Importance of Reaching the Stu- 
dents of China," « • Revivals " and * • Prayer as 
^ Preparation for Work." These addresses 
were given by men of such prominence as 
Bishop Joyce, Dr. Hartwell, Dr. Sheffield, 
Dr. Muirhead, Mr. Sweet, and others. 


^ the results of such gatherings will be, 
there are many gratifyiug results already 
seen. First, a very general revival in Bible 
study has commenced, which alone would 
niean much for the future spiritual life of both 
tnissionaries and students. Nearly a thou- 
sand have covenanted to devote an early half- 
hour in the day to devotional study and 
prayer, thus joining what is known as the 
*• Morning Watch." No less than seventy. 

six students, among them some of the strong- 
est men in the colleges, have pledged their 
lives to direct service for their countrymen. 
Quite a number for the first time in their 
lives acknowledged the Lord as their per- 
sonal Savior. Twenty-six college Christ- 
ian Associations were formed, which, in 
common with the five previously existing, 
have united to form the National College 
Young Men^s Christian Association of China. 
A missionary who was present at three of the 
Conferences sums up the results by saying, 
*• There is a spirit of prayer, an expectancy, 
a looking forward to a revival of great magni- 
tude, a buoyancy of £aith, that has never 
been so generally evident before." 

It is a significant fact, that the leaders in 
all this advance work are the missionaries 
of long experience, and the presidents of 
leading colleges. Seventeen college presi- 
dents from many parts of China left their 
work at the busiest season of the year to 
come to Shanghai to assist in the formation 
of the National Christian Association. This 
Union will enable the Christian students of 
the Empire, for the first time, to know the 
strength of their numbers, and by union with 
the World's Federation of Christian Students, 
they will feel the encouragements which 
comes from united effort against a common 
enemy. Surely history is making rapidly in 
China these days; the foundations of Old 
China are surely shaken ; New China is com- 
ing on. The leaders of the new are being 
trained in modern ways and thought. What 
shall the leadership be? Shall we not en- 
courage and foster any movement whith tends 
to make that leadership truly Christian? 


The Meeting of February 15, 1897. Fourteen Members Present 

THE Recording Secretary of the Committee was instructed to procure and keep in the 
vaults of the I'nion in Boston certified copies of deeds of all real estate owned by the 
Union in foreign lands. 

Arrangements were made for an appeal to ministers on behalf of the debts of the Mis- 
sionary Union and Home Mission Society. 

The Home Secretary announced that the support of Rev. A. F. Groesbeck had been 
assumed by the Young People's Societies of the Hudson River North Baptist Association in 
New York. 

The resignation of Miss Jennie S. Edmunds, of the Congo Mission, was accepted. 

Miss Stella Relyea, of Newburg, N.Y., was appointed a missionary of the Union, to be 
supported by the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society. 

Rev. George A. Huntley, of Burlington, Vt., was appointed special agent of the Union 
among the churches while awaiting the time of his departure for the mission iield in China. 

The Meeting of March i, 1897. Eleven Members Present 

A special donation of $1,000, from Mr. Edward Canby and Mr. W. D. Chamberlin, of 
Dayton, Ohio, toward a house for Rev. I. E. Munger at Tura, Assam, was reported and the 
amount was appropriated. 

It was voted that the Treasurer be authorized to include in the receipts of the current 
year all contributions mailed on or before April ist. 

A committee consisting of Messrs. Duncan, King, Chipman, and Bullen was appointed, 
to prepare a minute regarding the death of Rev. J. N. Murdock, LL.D., Honorary Secretary, 
the minute to be inscribed on the records of the committee. 

Rev. W. E. Witter, M.D., District Secretary for New England, was introduced, and 
an account of his visit to Rochester Theological Seminary and the great interest in mill 
among the students. The subject of inviting candidates to meet the committee, with 
ence to some appointments to hll specially needed vacancies was taken into consideration. 

The passage of Rev. C. B. Antisdel and wife to the Congo was authorized. 

Miss Gertrude M. Welles, of Arcade, N.Y., was appointed a missionary of the UnicH%' 
the Congo mission. 

The resignation of Rev. R. L. llalsey, of Japan, who is returning to this countrjTi 

Rev. David Downie, D.D., of Nellore, was appointed Secretary as well as TreaatucroC 
Telugu Mission in India, and Rev. F. H. Levering, of Xellore, was appointed one of "1 
Trustees of the Telugu Mission. 


[The references are to this 

1. Service of Song. 

2. Scripture. Isaiah 49: 1-12. 

3. Commendation Richly Deser\^ed. p. 118. 

4. Letter from Mr. Kemp, of China, p. 143. 

5. Letter from Mr. Holmes, of China, p. 143. 

6. Prayer for China and its Many Millions. 

7. The Worship of Ancestors, (p. 129.) 

8. Burning Their Idols, (p. 141.) 

9. Another Bonfire, (p. 142.) 
10. Singing. "Jesus Shall Reign." 

number of the Maoazink.] 


Financially the Condition of the ] 
sionary Union, (p. 113.) 

12. The Magnificent Offer of Mr. John 

Rockefeller, (p. 113.) 

13. Consider the Condition of the 

denomination, (p. 114.) 

14. Why More Money is Needed. (p^tK 

1 5. The Greeks Leading the World, vP*^'! 

16. Offering for the Work of the 

can Baptist Missionary Union. 

MAINE, $;.{in.2C. 

South Paris ch $1U 

SVaterville, Ist ch. special 

collection 30 

Rockport «'h 5 

Tliomaston, Miss liertha 

Stackpole 10 

"Waterville. .lohn H. Fonter M 

Caniden. Chestnut St. ch.. 7 

Camden, Chestnut St. S. S. 7 

Camden, Rev. F. M. Preble 5 



I Brooklin ch $2 '£i 

Hrooklin Y. V. S. C. K 10 00 

CO Hrooklin S.S 15 00 

lloultonch 7 00 

08 Washburn ch 50 

00 Forest Citv ch 1 06 

Patten ch. Mrs. Darling.. 4 25 
00 North I^nioine, Mrs. K. D. 

00 Brat;d<m 1 00 

00 Bangor, 1st ch 50 

ou I West (iardlner ch 10 00 

00 Yarmouth ch 20 00 

Jemtland ¥. P. S.C. B. tow. 
sup. Tan Hu, care Est*. 
Win. Ashmore, Jr., Sim- 
tow ^ 

Snrrych ••• %i 

East Bluehlll ch fj 

Franklin ch 1 

Sedgewlck ch S 

Penobscot ch T 

West Sullivan ch 

Hancock ch 1 

Brooklin ch 7 


RncklBnd Y. P. H. C. E U 

Eiut MmcrvUlH Ob 16 e 

run RIVer.lHuti IBl 

iMicrvOleV. P. 8. C. E.... 2(1 
'Cauibrldgejitroailwky OS. 

.Niirtti l-JbriJu'^ V.L-,'s ■ ■.'(.'. 10 
Mahlt^n.Ul v\i. IM W 

S[?r'liIgriemihBlii^"'i*V P- 

S|) r I r c H i> id " iiigiitoiiii,' ' > 

Maiden, Ul uh. Y.'p'i'.'v'^. 

loward mtory, Bev. J. E. 

ClUDIulllKB 2 

Northbofo eh 1 

nintntivb.toTiiU'il Ihedebt I 

Klni:ston uh 

Hbemonvllle Y. P. S. C. E, _ 

Huupdcn ch 2146 

LvDD, Waabinoton St. cb. 

V.P.B.C.E 440 

Lawreniit, in ub. a friend 

I.JW, IbeilrbtnfLm S09 

walrbam, iHt vb. S, S zn w 

Weatboro, lat eh ^W (U 

Kvsretl, Si™. ft.H.'ilrunVi! 1 00 

Mrciwn, for tbB debt ...'.." 100 00 
n'enbam I>euii^ People's 

iiudion oh.'.. .■..,;;":::;;; ao* 





•S^L^alla R«ll), -are 

I'akuHolrt S.S.Jiir 
>8e, ime i(*v. C. . 
enpon, i^aQiluvtay 2S 00 

RiriDE ISLAND, $314.87. 

orth Tlvtrton. C. K. Soc. 
iif T^BipIv cbapel, tow, 
sup. Kuv. O. E. Wbitinan 12 21 
■■ Boe, 4tb ch. B. Y. 

Pn>vldvnce, Union cb. V. 
P. 5. C. E., "C. E. l)a>" 
oHeriiig 1 

Nanuaiuett Pier S. S •» ot 

Pawtucket, Womllawn B. 8. S SO 
I^wlulikBt, WoiKllawn ch. 40 at 
Providence. Uraailway cb. IT (0 
Frnvldence, Broadway oh. 
Mr.and Hra.W. L.Ctarke, 
foraup.MoimffTine, i:are 
Dr. Bunkor.TTmiiK™!.... 40 DO 

!». S., 3 olMMSa .' 3343 

Providence, Urfudway ch. 

Y. P. a, C. K„ frir aup. 

Aung Bau. care Uev. W. 

F.Thomu ffl 00 

Providence. Emily t4uHQ 

ManLoD 10 00 

Providence, HlsiiKltubelb 

CON'NEtTICUT, 8»«-4I. 

Hartrord, Thoa. G. Wright S DO 
Norwlirh, Mrs, Anna M, 
Kerr, eompleiUif! *»i fur 

{UrUord, Henry "p!'rl»rk 
and vile, »!» i and Ueo, 
W, Hixlci: and wife. tUB, 
tow. education of two Ka- 

B. rniiiiii (»]pe'-liU ,; ..;..' 60 00 

llrt.l^epTtt." L.'\\' i^iii'ils !■ ■ li 
Ave, eh 11 26 

Anaonla, iBt cb. Y. P. H. r. 
K., "C. Ei. Hay" offering- * ^ 

PlalnHeld, Union ch. of 
wh, •iniafrnRiH.S 30 M 

New London, Huntington 

Sew Haven', ViJn'nj'in '.'li '■'.'. a 00 

Svm"h^'o^i■»1VHl,^■|miv.■i:! m [» 

wiiiated Y."'p. s, i '. [■.. '. . '. ft H 

.Mi>rl<len, 27 M 

Stamford, lat uh W 60 

Ibickvllle, Mr, and Mra. 
Wdi. KuUet •160. Edwin 
T. Batter t30, to oonatl- 
tute Rev. A. P. Wadee 

tow. sup. Vellamanda U, 

I careRev.J.Helnrlcha., » 00 

^rotim, tat ch 40 OO 

NortbvlUe.NewHllfonlch. IS W 
New Haven, Calvary cb ... 1» 00 

llastooH, 8 1 1 00 

Walerbury.lBicburcb 20 DO 

Hartford, Olivet cb 6 19 

SEW VOEK, t5,«»,6T. 
Nortb TonawaniU, ■ friend 

towsal, Rev.J. S.Adaiua ^ 
Albany, Calvary cb. lOfi 60 

Troy, Mr, JnSee Miller, 

TTOy,'2dcb 60 00 

Lima cb. for famine suffer- 
em, India, care Rev. O, 
H, Brock 8 00 

Bi-).'"' -*^'w.wletyf.*.,... » 76 

>.>»ark,li.t I'll 28 00 

i;i'iu'-t'r,.)iili;. R. Ualley.. 6 00 

'?'lni i,. (r.ii?i Priit. A, H. 
Mixer and rlaugbler tow. 

Tiira. .AsBSm '. 63» 60 




Korth Granville ch 912 

Amsterdam ch. tow. sal. 

four n. pre 11 

ManliuB en 16 

Pike, Rev. S. Hough 15 

rike, l8t ch 6 

Schenectadv,Emmanuelch 42 
Brewster, T. S. Parlcer for 

Telugus 6 

Wappingers Falls ch 2 

Wappingers Falls Y. F. 8. 

Bradford ch 

Fairport B. Y. P. U. for the 

sup. of Rev.Thos. Moody 

Church vUle Y. P. 8. C. E. 

for the sup. of Rev. Thos. 

Moody 5 

New Yorlc, Miss 8usle A. 

Pinder 6 

Troy, Fifth Ave. ch 144 

Rondout, 1st ch 168 

Northville, 1st ch. Y. P. 8. 
C. E. for the famine suf- 
ferers In India, care Rev. 

G.H. Brock 6 

Rochester, 2d ch. Primary 
Dep't, for Rev. W. H. 
Roberts, Bhamo......... 10 

Syracuse, M. E. Garnsey . . . 5 
Hamilton, Students of Col- 
gate Univ. for the debt 181 
Buffalo, Mrs. Anna M. Hed- 

strom, for deficit 600 

Nunda ch 9 

NundaS.S 2 

Nunda Y^. P. U 3 

Fredonia, Mrs. Betsey M. 

Davis 25 

Fredonia ch 106 

Dundee, Mrs. Dorothy E. 


Rochester, Meigs St. ch. . . 
Rochester, Mumford S.S.. 
Rochester. 1st B. Y. P. U.. 

Salamanca ch 5 

Preston Hollow, Ladies' 
Soc. tow. sup. nat. pr. care 
Rev. C. L. Davenport — 25 

Hermon ch 5 

HermonS. S 1 

Marion ch 16 

Clifton Springs, Rev.Davld 
Gllmore, for the debt. . . 5 

York, F. B. Pomeroy 6 

New York City, Madison 1,11G 

New York City, Alex. Ave. 

ch 101 

New York City, Morning- 
side ch 10 

New York City, 1st Swedish 

ch .« 

New York City. Ch. of Re- 
deemer ch 69 

Williams Bridge, Imman- 

uel ch 2 

Port Richmond, Park ch . . 25 

Port Chester ch 11 

Mt. Vernon, "a friend" 6 

Mt. Vernon, "a friend" 

Brooklyn, Bushwick Ave. 


Brooklyn, Washington 

Ave. ch 

Brooklyn, Memorial S. S. . 

Bedford Heights Y. P !(> 

Cnlonville, Orange ch ») 

Brewster ch UT) 

Lima, l8tch 4 

Belleville Y. P. S. C. E 1 

Lorraine ch 2 

Lowville S. S. tow. sup. nat. 
pr. care liev. A. V. H. 

rrunib, Toiingoo 25 

C nion ch 5 





60 00 


















.•» (H) 





Vestal Centre ch $4 00 

Spencer Y. P. 8. C. E 2122 

Spencer, Judson Mission 

Band 16 00 

Blnghamton, Park 114 46 

Bingham ton Y. P. 8. C. E. . 6 31 

Buffalo, Thank offering ... 100 00 

Buffalo, Immanuel ch 23 09 

Buffalo, LafayetteAve. S.8. 3 00 

Woodhullch 8 66 

Woodhull Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . 7 27 

Woodhull Jr. C. E 100 

East Troupsbnrg 8. 8 2 60 

Haskell Flats ch 4 11 

Hinsdale ch 7 00 

Shennan S. S. tow. sal. Rev. 

H. Richards and Rev. 

Robert Wellwood 4 00 

Sherman, Rev. T. P.Poate, 

as above 6 00 

Stockton ch. as above 6 60 

Elmira, South Side 8. 8. . . . 1 60 

SouthportS.S 160 

Waverlych 44 08 

Canisters. S 2 00 

Norwich Y. P. 8. C. E 4 08 

Truxtonch 6 00 

Keeseville ch 4 76 

Walton ch 6 00 

Hermitage ch 16 49 

Hermitage Y. P. S. C. E. . . . 3 61 

Warsaw ch 27 87 

Warsaw Y. P. 8. C. E. tow. 

sup. V. Jacobs, care Rev. 

J. Heinrichs, Ramapa- 

tam, India 14 68 

Warsaw, Rev. O. R. McKay. 

Erize money to be used 
y Prof. L. E. Martm, 

Ongole, India 5 00 

East Pembroke ch 8 25 

Stony Creek ch 150 

Warrensburg ch 7 00 

Warrensburg S. S 2 50 

Warrensburg B. Y. P. U .. 1 75 

Minerva ch 6 02 

Indian Lake ch 2 00 

Mt. Morris ch 26 34 

Mt. MorrisS.S 5 00 

Delphi ch 150 

Morrisville ch 22 55 

De Runer ch 7 00 

Herkimer Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . 20 00 

Ft. Plain B. Y. P. U 100 

Rochester, Plymouth Ave. 

ch 16 00 

Rochester, Lvell Ave. ch. 12 18 

West Somerset Y.P.8.C.E. 2 25 

Boonville ch 30 20 

Utica, Mrs. Charlotte K. 

Whipple 2 00 

Trenton, Ist ch. S. S 5 00 

Cassville ch 12 00 

Fabius Y. P. S. C. E. tow. 
sup. Anek Wapi)ly, care 
Rev. E. (J. Phillips, Tura, 

Assam 17 00 

Elbridge ch 03 28 

Orleans ch 5 78 

Clifton Springs Y.1\S.C.K. 4 25 

Manchester S. S 5 (K) 

Shelby ch 6 00 

Alabama v\\ 31 45 

Knowlesville ch 30 00 

Sloansville S. S 1 75 

Ballston Soa ch 10 00 

(Jloversvllle «!h. in part 75 00 

Watkins ch. in part 10 cX) 

Trumansburg cli 24 00 

Trumansburg S. S 5 00 

Trumansburg Y. I*. S. C. E. 3 (H) 

Ithaita, l8t ch. add'l 25 00 

VjSL»t Poestenkill ch 2 50 

Stephentown ch 15 04 

Berlin ch 5 .'** 

Townsend ch 4 (H» 

Nicholville, Mn. C. L. Day flO » 

Whitehall ch 9BQ0 

Whitehall Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . S «• 

Whitehall 8.8 S» 

Lakeville ch 10» 

Clyde ch 2» 

Mlddlefleld ch sn 

NEW JERSEY, $1,405.27. 

Princeton, E. H. Loomlt. . 90 00 
Asbury Park, Mrs. A. £. A. 

Grlmn, special for sup. 

nat. Chinese student. ... 17 80 

Asbury Park ch 600 

Plalnfleld,lst ch. a member 100 00 
New Monmouth, Rev. W. 

V. wuson aooo 

Richland ch 100 

Spring Side Mission for n. 

Er. care Rev. L. W.Cronk- 

Itei 12B0 

Mt. Ephraim ch 1300 

Rlverton and Palmjnra ch. 11 81 

Linden ch 88 47 

Linden 8. 8 26 00 

Burlington, Ist ch. 8. 8. 
Mrs. Dr. Hairs Bible class 
for n. pr. care A. H. Hen- 
derson, M. D 1260 

Tuckahoe ch 2 00 

Beverly ch 9 00 

Moorestown ch. 8. 8 7 00 

Phillipsburg ch 10 9 

George's Road ch 6 00 

Point Pleasant ch 10 00 

Bordertownch 133 27 

Avon-by-the-8ea, Mrs. C. L. 

Armstrong 6 00 

Avon-by-the-Sea Y. P. Soc. 2 00 

Chesterfleldch 7 10 

South Amboych 7 10 

Allowaych 22 38 

Cedarville ch 10 00 

Vineland, West ch 3 60 

Bridgeton, 1st ch. Y. P. 8. 

f r* 6 tf 

South PlalnfleVd ch '.!!'..'!'.'. 24 20 

Jersey City. North ch 46 43 

Plainfleld, i*ark Ave. Y. P. 

8.C.E 2500 

Elizabeth, 1st ch 87 72 

Rahway, 1st ch. 8. 8 10 76 

Rahway, Istch 30 60 

Jersey City, Bergen ch.... 144 68 

Rutherford ch 33 00 

Paterson, Fourth Y. P. 8. 

C. E 600 

Deckertown ch 13 08 

Morristown ch 600 00 

Brookdale ch 9 26 

PENNSYLVANIA, $6,216.76. 

Philadelphia, General Mis- 
sionary Society of Ger- 
man Baptist Churches of 
North America, per J. A. 

Schulte, Treas 367 60 

Upland, Samuel A. Crozer 2,000 00 

Summit Hill ch 2 60 

Mosiertown, Mrs. Keziah 

Erwin 6 00 

Philadelphia, J. C. Mc- 
Curdy, tow. sup. A. H. 
Henderson, M. D., and 

wife, .Mone, Burma 600 00 

Scran ton, The Green Ridge 

ch 48 60 

Philadelphia, BelmontAve. 

ch 2475 

Philadelphia, BelmontAve. 

S.S 1393 

Immanuel Mission 20 68 

Immanuel Mission 8. 8. . . . 12 23 

Baptist Orphanage 2 61 



EUsworth ch :910 98 

Lamoine ch 6 63 

Tremont ch 2 00 

Ttenton ch 40 

Presque Isle. l8t ch 100 

Sprinn^alech 60 00 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $300.92. 

Saliftbury Heights ch 14 15 

Exeter, a friend 4 00 

South Hampton ch 9 00 

Portsmouth, Middle St. ch. 142 77 

Fnnklin Falls, 1st ch 50 00 

Claremont, 1st ch 37 00 

EastJeflreych 4 00 

Ukeport, Mrs. Ann K. Hall 5 00 

Suncook ch., S. 8. and Y. P. 15 00 

Greenville ch 5 00 

Lisbon, Mrs. A. B. Tsft 5 00 

Hanover, Mrs. N. S. Hunt- 
ington 10 00 

VERMONT, 9296.94. 

Perkinsville ch 16 86 

firauleboro C. E. Society, 
"Endeavor Day" contrl- 

Iration 141 

F'iUrhavench 40 00 

iVfcultneych 20 00 

W«gt Haven ch 10 00 

g^nnington ch 43 5» 

:0«nnington S. S 20 00 

gK^ndon ch 31 00 

^JLanchester Centre ch.... 10 00 

grxxikline ch 3 00 

^•sex, W. E. Huntley 26 00 

'Vest Rupert, LucyA. Sher- 
man, of wh. $1 is towards 

_^thedebt 10 00 

5«llows Falls, Ist ch 26 10 

^'bitingham ch. and S. S. . 20 00 

•■-^wellch 2 00 

•Addison S. S 3 00 

A^ddison Y. P. S. C. E 7 00 

«*!:. Jobnsbur>', Rev. H. M. 

._ Douglas 6 00 

*"«lchvUle, F. L. Hopkins . 3 00 

MASSACHUSETTS, f 1,869.86. 

for sup. n. prs., care Rev. 
C. L. JOavenport, Sando- 

way 16 00 

^O8ton,collected by a mem- 
ber of Tremont Temple 
ch. for famine relief in 
India, care Rev. G. H. 

Brock, Kanigiri 60 26 

^merville, Kev. J. S. 
Grant, M. D., "Thank- 
offering" 6 00 

Beverly, in memory of Ben- 
jamin O. Pierce, for the 

debt 60 00 

Boston, F. M. Kilmer, for 

the debt 6 00 

West Sutton, Ist ch 2 62 

Agawam Y. P. S. C. E 8 88 

Lowell, Fifth St. ch 16 00 

Cliarlestown, Charles E. 

Daniels 100 00 

Cambridge, a friend, for 

mission work in Africa 6 00 
Shirley ch. special offering 13 65 
Chelsnt, Cary Ave. ch. Y. P. 

Lcrwell, Branch St. ch. of 
wh. 918.72 fr. Wm. F. Hills 
tad fitmily tow. sup. Rev. 
Bodamulla Relly, aire 
lev. J. E. Clough 46 00 

Rockland Y. P. S. C. E $3 00 

East Somerville ch 16 64 

Fall River, 1st ch 191 00 

Osterville Y. P. S. C. E. . . . 2 00 
Cambridge, Broadway ch. 
King's Daughters, for 
famine relief in India, 

care Rev. G. H. Brock. . . 7 61 

North Uxbridge Y.P.S.C.E. 10 00 

Maiden, 1st ch 180 86 

Andover ch 26 26 

Springfleld Highland Y. P. 

D* Vy • !Cd9 ••• ••• ••• •••••••••• 00 Vmw 

Springfleld Highland, a 

friend 3 00 

Brookville ch 7 67 

North Egremont ch 6 34 

Weston ch 7 88 

Boston, a friend 10 00 

Maiden, Ist ch. Y. P. S. C. E. 
toward salary, Rev. J. E. 

Cumminga 26 00 

Northboro ch 16 00 

Clinton ch. toward the debt 76 76 

Kingston ch 160 

Sheldonvllle Y. P. S. C. E. 1 63 

Hampden eh 2146 

Lynn, Washington St. ch. 

Lawrence, Ist ch. a friend 

tow. the debt of '96 6 00 

Waltham, Ist ch. S. S 25 00 

Westboro, 1st ch 208 02 

Fitohburg, Highland oh . . . 2 17 

Everett, Mrs. H. H. Brann. 1 00 

Sharon, Mrs. E. C. Merriam 5 00 

Leominster, Central ch. ... 6 36 
Boston, Ist ch. Samuel N. 

Brown, for the debt 100 00 

Wenhani Depot, People's 

ch. Y.P.S.C.E 1 04 

Hudson ch 25 00 

Boston, Calvary ch 7 00 

Hingham ch 6 00 

Cllnttm .ch. towards sup. 
Solomon Veucutish, care 

Rev. J.E. Ciough 15 50 

Plvmouth, Edwin S. Paul- 

fng, for the debt 5 00 

NorUiampU)n, Ist ch 110 00 

Greenfleld, I). C. G. Field, 

for the debt 25 00 

Boston, Joseph I). ^Hat- 

thews, for the debt 5 00 

Cottage City ch 5 00 

Allston, Brighton Ave. ch. 142 61 

West Boylston ch ;... 8 39 

North Tewksbury, 1st ch . . 72 25 
Waltham, Mrs. Lydia T. 

Farwell, for the debt .... 10 00 
Chelsea, Mrs. N. B. Dono- 
van 2 00 

Boston, Clarendon St. Y. P. 

S. C. E. fr. W. E.Witter. 20 00 

Plttsfleidch 26 00 

Pittsfteld Y. P. S. C. E 5 00 

Waketield S. S. for sup Ko 
Nee, care Rev. C.L.Dav- 
enport, Sandoway 25 00 

RH')DE ISLAND, $314.67. 

North Tiverton, C. E. Soc. 
of Tvinple chapel, tow. 
sup. Rev. G. E. Whitman 12 25 

Providence, 4th ch. B. Y. 
P. U. tow. sup. Mr. H. J. 
Vinton, Rangoon 12 50 

Providence, Rev. J. V. Os- 
terhout, tow. sup. San 
Dr. Bunker 40 00 

Proviilence, Union ch. Y. 
P. S. C. E., "C. E. Day" 
offering 10 00 

Narragansett Pier S. S f 16 00 

Pawtucket, Woodlawn 8. S. 6 60 
Pawtucket, Woodlawn ch. 40 09 
Providence, Broadway ch. 17 90 
Providence, Broadway ch. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. L.Clarke, 

for sup. MoungTine, care 

Dr. Bunker, Ttoungoo. ... 40 00 
Providence, Central Bapt. 

8. S.. 3 classes 33 43 

Providence, Broadway ch. 

Y. P. 8. C. E., for sup. 

Aung Bau, care Rev. W. 

F.Thomas 28 00 

Providence, Emily Susan 

Manton 10 00 

Providence, Miss Elizabeth 

B. Welch 60 00 

CON^'ECTICUT, $862.41. 

Hartford, Thos. G. Wright 6 00 
Norwich, Mrs. Anna M. 
Herr, completing #50 for 

sup. n. pr 15 00 

Hartford, Henry P. Clark 
and wife, $25: and Geo. 
W. Hodge and wife, $25, 
tow. education of two Ka- 
ren boys, care Rev. A. V. 

B. Crumb (special) 60 00 

Winsted, Mrs. Charlotte N. 

Deming 100 

Bridgeport, E. Washington 

Ave. ch 11 25 

Ansonia, Ist ch. Y. I*. S. C. 

E., "C. E. Day" offering. 8 86 
Plainfleld, Union ch. of 

wh. $10 is from S. S 30 56 

New London, Huntington 48 00 

New Haven, German ch. . . 25 00 

Nlantlcch 10 02 

South Norwalk ch . and C. E. 88 53 
North Lyme Y. P. 8. C. E. . 2 60 

Winsted Y. P. 8. C. E 6 94 

Meriden, Main St. ch 27 00 

Stamford, 1st ch 86 60 

Rockville, Mr. and Mrs. 
Wm. Butler $150, Edwin 
T. Butler $30, to consti- 
tute Rev. A. P. Wedge 

amlH. L. M 180 00 

Gennan Associations chs. 
tow. sup. Yellamanda D. 
4 care Rev. J. Helnrichs . . 50 00 

Groton.lstch 40 00 

Northville.NewMilfordch. 15 50 
New Haven, Calvary ch . . . 130 00 

Easton ch 5 50 

EastonS.S : 100 

Waterburv, 1st church 20 00 

Hartford, Olivet ch 6 15 

NEW YORK, $6,825.67. 

North Tonawanda, a friend 
tow. sal. Rev. J. S. Adams 5 

Albanv, Calvarv ch 105 80 

Albanv, Calvary S. S 31 83 

Troy, Mr. Justice Miller, 

tow. the debt 500 00 

Troy,2dch 50 00 

Linia ch. for famine suffer- 
ers, India, care Rev. G. 

H. Brock 8 00 

Fruit Valle v, Southwest Os- 
wego C. fi. Societv 5 75 

Newark, Ist ch 28 00 

Genesee, Julia R.Bailey.. 5 00 
Rochester, 1st ch. of wh. 
$100 is fnmi Prof. A. H. 
Mixer and daughter tow. 
sup. four native workers, 
Tura, Assam 539 50 



North Granville ch $12 00 

Amsterdam ch. tow. sal. 

four n. pra 1160 

Manlius en 16 00 

Pike, Rev. S. Houeh 16 00 

Pike, Ist ch 6 00 

Schenectadv,Emmanuelch 42 66 
Brewster, T. 8. Parker for 

TeluguB 6 00 

Wappineers Falls ch 2 00 

Wappingers Falls Y. P. S. 

Bradford ch V.\'.\'.'.\V.\\\\\. 3 60 
Fairport B. Y. P. U.for the 

sup. of Rev. Thos. Moody 60 00 
Churchville Y. P. 8. C. E. 
for the sup. of Rev. Thos. 

Moody 6 00 

New York, Miss Susie A. 

Pinder 6 00 

Troy. Fifth Ave. ch 144 80 

Rondout, Ist ch 168 00 

Northville, Ist ch. Y. P. 8. 
C. E. for the famine suf- 
ferers in India, care Rev. 

G.H. Brock 6 26 

Rochester, 2d ch. Primary 
Dep't, for Rev. W. H. 
Roberts, Bhamo......... 10 00 

Syracuse, M. E. Garnsey . . . 6 00 
Hamilton, 8tudent8 of Col- 
gate Univ. for the debt 181 00 
Buffalo, Mrs. Anna M. Hed- 

strom, for deficit 600 00 

Nunda ch 9 74 

NundaS.8 2 10 

Nunda Y. P. U 3 16 

Fredonia, Mrs. Betsey M. 

Davis 26 00 

Fredoniach 106 00 

Dundee, Mrs. Dorothy E. 

Pierce 5 00 

Rochester, Meigs 8t. ch. . . 13 40 
Rochester, Mumford 8.8.. 6 00 
Rochester, Ist B. Y. P. U . . 23 83 

Salamanca ch 6 00 

Preston Hollow, Ladies' 
80c. tow. sup. nat. pr. care 

Rev. C. L. Davenport 25 00 

Hermon ch 6 00 

Hermon8.S 170 

Marionch 16 40 

Clifton 8pring8, Re v. David 
Gilmore, for the debt. . . 5 00 

York, F. B. Poraeroy 6 00 

New York City, Madison 

Ave. ch 1,116 73 4 

New York City, Alex. Ave. 

ch 101 68 

New York City, Morning- 
side ch 10 00 

New York City, 1st Swedish 

ch 33 35 

New York City. Ch. of Re- 
deemer ch 59 15 

Williams Bridge, Imman- 

uelch 2 00 

Port Richmond, Park ch . . 25 00 

Port Chester ch 11 04 

Mt. Vernon, "a friend" . ... 6 00 

Mt. Vernon, "a friend" 6 00 

Brooklyn, Bushwick Ave. 

ch 35 00 

Brooklyn, Washington 

Ave. ch 460 85 

Brookivn, MemoriaVs. S. . 10 00 

Bedford Heights Y. P 16 47 

Union ville. Orange ch 30 00 

Brewster ch 25 00 

Lima,lBtch 4 50 

Belleville Y. P. 8. ( . E t 00 

Lorraine ch 2 HO 

Lowvllle S. 8. tow. sup. nat. 
pr. care Rev. A. V. B. 

Crumb, Toungoo 25 00 

Unionch 5 00 

Vestal Centre ch $4 00 

Spencer Y. P. 8. C. E 2122 

Spencer, Judson Mission 

Band 16 00 

Binghamton, Park Ave. ch. 114 46 

Binghamton Y. P. 8. C. E. . 6 31 

Bui&lo, Thank offering ... 100 00 

Buffalo, Immanuel ch 23 09 

Buffalo, LafayetteAve. 8.8. 3 00 

Woodhullch 8 66 

Woodhull Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . 7 27 

WoodhullJr. C. E 100 

East Troupsburg 8. 8 2 60 

Haskell Flats ch 4 11 

Hinsdale ch 7 00 

Sherman 8. 8. tow. sal. Rev. 

H. Richards and Rev. 

Robert Wellwood 4 00 

Sherman, Rev. T. P. Poate, 

as above 6 00 

Stockton ch. as above 5 60 

Elmira, South Side 8. 8 — 1 60 

SouthportS.S 160 

Waverlych 44 08 

Canister 8.8 2 00 

Norwich Y. P. 8. C. E 4 08 

Truxtonch 6 00 

Keeseville ch 4 76 

Walton ch 6 00 

Hermitage ch 16 49 

Hermitage Y. P. 8. C. E 3 61 

Warsaw ch 27 87 

Warsaw Y. P. 8. C. E. tow. 

sup. V. Jacobs, care Rev. 

J. Helnrichs, Ramapa- 

tam, India 14 68 

Warsaw, Rev. O. R. McKay, 

Erize money to be used 
y Prof. L. E. Martm, 

Ongole, India 5 00 

East Pembroke ch 8 26 

Stony Creek ch 1 50 

Warrensburg ch 7 00 

Warrensburg 8.8 250 

Warrensburg B. Y. P. U . . 1 75 

Minerva ch 6 02 

IndianLakech 2 00 

Mt. Morris eh 26 34 

Mt. Morris 8. 8 5 00 

Delphi ch 1 50 

Morrisville ch 22 55 

De Ruyter ch 7 00 

Herkimer Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . 20 00 

Ft. Plain B. Y. P. U 100 

Rochester, Plymouth Ave. 

ch 16 00 

Rochester, Lvell Ave. ch. 12 18 

West Somerset Y.P.8.C.E. 2 25 

Boonville ch 30 20 

Utica, Mrs. Charlotte K. 

Whipple 2 00 

Trenton, Ist ch. 8. 8 5 00 

Cassvillech 12 00 

Fabius Y. P. 8. C. E. tow. 
sup. Anek Wapply, care 
Rev. E. «. Phillips, Tura, 

Assam 17 00 

Elbridge ch 63 28 

Orleans ch 5 78 

Clifton Springs Y.P.8.C.E. 4 25 

Manchester S. 8 5 00 

Shelby ch 6 00 

Alabama ch 31 45 

KnowlesviUe ch 30 00 

Sloansville 8. 8 1 75 

Ballston Spa ch 10 00 

Gloversville ch. in part 75 00 

Watklnsch. in part 16 00 

Trumansburg ch 24 00 

Trumansburg S. S 5 00 

Trumansburg Y. P. S. C. E. 3 00 

Ithaca, Ist ch. add'l 25 00 

East Poestenkill ch 2 50 

Stephentown ch 15 (W 

Berlin ch 5 38 

Townsend ch 4 (K) 

Nicholville, Mrs. C. L. Day $10 00 

Whitehall ch 28 00 

Whitehall Y. P. 8. C. E. . . . 3 00 

Whitehall 8. 8 3 00 

Lakeville ch 10 00 

Clyde ch 2 50 

Middlefleld ch 3 75 

NEW JERSEY, $1,405.27. 

Princeton, E. H. Loomls. . 20 00 
Asbunr Park, Idrs. A. E. A. 

Orimn, special for sup. 

nat. Chinese student. ... 17 60 

AsburyParkch 6 00 

Plainneld,lstch. a member 100 00 
New Monmouth, Rev. W. 

V. WUson 20 00 

Rlchlandch 100 

Spring Side Mission for n. 

Er. care Rev. L. W.Cronk- 

Itel 12 60 

Mt. Ephraimch 13 00 

Riverton and Palmyra ch. 11 84 

Lindench 83 47 

Linden 8. 8 26 00 

Burlington, 1st ch. 8. 8. 
Mrs. I>r . Hall's Bible class 
for n. pr. care A. H. Hen- 
derson, M. D 12 60 

Tuckahoe ch 2 60 

Beverly ch 9 8B 

Moorestown ch. 8. 8 7 60 

PhUlipsburg ch 10^ 

George's RMkd ch 6 60 

Point Pleasant ch 10 00 

Bordertownch 133 27 

Avon-by-the-8ea, Mrs. C. L. 

Armstrong 6 00 

Avon-by-the-8ea Y. P. Soc. 2 00 

Chesterfield ch 7 10 

South Amboych 7 92 

Allowaych 22 38 

Cedarville ch 10 00 

Vineland, West ch 3 60 

Bridgeton, 1st ch. Y. P. 8. 

C.IS..... 6^ 

South PlainfleVd ch !!*.*..*.*!*. 24 20 

J ersey City. North ch 46 43 

Plalnfleld, Park Ave. Y. P. 

Elizabeth, 1st ch 87 72 

Rah way, 1st ch. 8. 8 10 75 

Rahwaj'j 1st ch 30 60 

Jersey City, Bergen ch.... 144 63 

Rutherford ch 33 00 

Paterson, Fourth Y. P. 8. 

C. E 6 00 

Deckertown ch 13 OB 

Morristown ch 600 00 

Brookdale ch 9 26 

PENNSYLVANIA, $6,216.76. 

Philadelphia, General Mis- 
sionary Society of Ger- 
man Baptist Churches of 
North America, per J. A. 

Schulte, Treas 367 60 

Upland, Samuel A. Crozer 2,000 00 

Summit Hill ch 2 60 

Moslertown, Mrs. Keziah 

Erwin 6 00 

Philadelphia, J. C. Mc- 
Curdv, tow. sup. A. H. 
Henderson, M. D., and 

wife, Mone, Burma 600 00 

Scranton, The Green Ridge 

ch 48 60 

Philadelphia, BelmontAve. 

ch 24 76 

Philadelphia, BelmontAve. 

S.S...: 1398 

Immanuel Mission 20 06 

Immanuel Mission 8. 8. . . . 12 28 

Baptist Orphanage 2 61 


c>n*^ieT.'L. W. Cnjnk- 

mte ) 

<l«niiDt Hill rh. Id part. . 

Celsad oil. Hn. B. (inl- 

flth. a 

lit ch. HIM Margaret nrir- 


Sbntiu V. F. A. for ths 

asbt SOI 

Trnth ch. V. P. s. r', K 11 01 

Jinilakler.tnrlheilebl... M 01 

lit». .«e Rev. w'.H.Cot 

wm md Rev. l<. ttawnla 10 01 
Mn. auah A. Trevor, for 

IteiMn two 01 

RHdeBponcb 1!31 

Bt. pr. ckre Rev. L. V 

fn ChlH, Bethany eh. ■ . 
j^ LIUM. BetliMif S. fl. . 

uvrnoniowxi, iBtcn , 


l*«niliigv>«n cb 


A.AItiwna, for Reaobl 
wifucbl, care Rev. A. 

Hme. care Rev. w. JC. 

H'Kllihen and Modde 
Skni Fau < i. care Rev. 

niUpAorg 8.1 
i«kpWt Bi . . . . 

WUlC Deer oil 

fn.tUvarjr cb.... 


»cli«*er eh. qnar, 
"RtUrs, Foartb A 


HELA W A RB^.»3M.(H. 
VUBUnoo, BetIiBiiTch..'IR10l 
*"-' — -iDldfiU Legion. B 01 
illB.V.1'. D.for, m 

'— ' W.rronk-r - 

ei^n .\ 

S.H>t.ty , 


Farkersbnrg R. 8 SU 

WbeeUag, fstch 16 OH 

OHIO, $I,S3S.88. 

White Eyes Italns oh 2 93 

Evanaliurt". lieu. P. Klnna, 

India, rare Rev. W. E, 

HnpliinB 1 W 

Akron, UE i:b. S. 3. Uiward 

BUp. Heinmaj S. Klaipo, 

care Rev. A. Banker a> 00 

IHiyton, Linden Ave. rh. 

for wark, care Rev. W.M. 

Upcraft 1000 

Wyoming V. P. 8.C.E BOO 

^'Inclnnad, John H. Forter 

to constlDite .Via* Helen 

Forter of Uanvenport, 

Ma«.. H. L. M . . 100 00 

Cincinnati, Mni.A. H. 8hlii- 

ley, to constitute Mn. 

Anna ». 8U>cl(liaia, M. 

L. M 100 00 

UaytOD. IM B. Y. 1>. U ,90 00 

Dayton, Istch. of wh.tfiOa 

la tr. Mr. E. Tanby and 
SBoiifr. Mr.W.U.l'liani- 

berUn tow.taouae tor Mr. 

and Un. K. Mune>^t, 

tura. Aaum ^ I.'>l>< DO 

Warren, lit ,-h lo 0» 

Weal Cnlon ch 1 ID 

Andover ch 1 2fi 

Ai^?Ui'th ■-.::.. .. -■'■'■'. 866 

Wax-neaUeld ch t «0 

8pr)Dgfleld cb. Ubadlab 
benney, Eeq., In memory 

Marclia A. Itenney 1 00 

n^veland. Cedar Ave.oh. 4 10 

rii^velBad, Euelld Ave.cb. 80 29 

Scvllli' rh MM 

'pard .'. .'..'..'.". 600 

'■[•■••, itV I'ompleii-' Life 

Iiayton. Centjal ch 13 10 

aiiOttng Creek cb » 13 

Nomlk B. Y. F.U S OO 

Mllford Centre cb 3tii 

Bprlns Creek ch 00 

nallon oh T 10 

NewMaUDUiraa ^ SI 

Cincinnati, Ninth St. cb. , . W 00 

Dock Creek ch.... 3 00, Ea»t ch 103 76 

?lorwooil. Harmon Memo- 
rial cb 21 3» 

Ohlncb 7 UO 

Hasklnacta ska 

Holland, Mrs. H. A. Hovey I 00 

Del] Roy, Isaac and Sarah 

Jones iJOii 

l>ell Rov, Rullant and 

l>el1 Roy, W. J.-loiies! '.'.'.'.'. an 

DellRoy, I>..I..Ionea 20 

Dell Roy. Arthuraud Wln- 

Alllaniech"!;"!;;!^!':! 5 i-> 

INDIANA, )170.T6. 

1. Feter. In Dnjjiole HIeIi 


:(IlngLurg, Mr. Joh 


lU, Alez Klnmon 

Terre Haute, lit cb. B. 8. 
BvauvUle, Calvary eh.. 

New Dlacovuyoh 


40 00 


10 74 

Maria Creek c: 

ILLINOIS, •3,9S7.0I. 

it.&St AVB.Ch 

uilnKtoo.Wllltitii Tag- 
nwniaon 3,3 

New Hope ob . . . 

Olbaos City, Rev. George 

Petersburg. Rev. H. F. 
lurry 1 « 

Chicago. Herean. Mra, Z. 
care Rev. C.H-D.FlBher 30 01 

Chicago. Cenlannlal, E, A. 

Cblcago, Covenant eh ! 

Chicago. La Balle ub S 

Irvtng nirk, Edward and 

ElU Moyle. for famine 

aufferen In India, care 

■•Rev. (i.H. Hrock I 

Woodstock, MlssJ.Soniler- 



«Up. l>lr._ 

care Rev. J . E. Clough 
Helvin. Cbai. Burhholi. 

Effingham ch 

Carbondale, E. Fatten, fi 

sap. Telngn pr 

Sparland, Ur. Tbompeon 
flpartand. Miss Reynold! 
BlBtfael ch 

tor ami. 

Rov. iC 




Ilarrlsburg, Mrs. Alice 


Clilawo, iBt BwedlHh Wo- 
mftn'a Soc. lor Telugu 

MUalDn $»00 

IOWA, $«U.13. 

Anunosftvh- - 10 M 

CturiUin, IBL I'b. (of wli. it 

Ufr.B. Y.P.[i.and»i;.ni 

from the .TunlorB 3T M 

Coldwater, Rudolph Lan- 

das 1000 

Shetundokh ». S. "Itlnh- 

dar offerlnsB" 11 60 

ArT&ireeh.Jr.B-Y.P.U. 2 » 

FDrtMullBnn, Irtuh IS 00 

Spirit Lake, Hlu I, H. 

Bnglum 800 

roreitCltiKh 00 

Council Hlufla, AonbK B. 

JolwKin, for A-fihtt-Per, 

Toungoa. Burma 30 00 

Cnwrle, Lottie Fetctwn.. a6 oo 

KIron B.Y. P. U BOO 

Merldan ab is oo 

U nluD villa vti non 

tidellota 602 

WMhlnirton ah -H 31 

I'Tklrle riower, DaKCOn J< 

BtBhop 2600 

WnlCbMtet cb 10 10 

CalumtiiuCltvDb 4 00 

WHlerloo. Wdnnt BI. cb. . 8 oo 
West Mitchell S.B. for Kev. 

PanD Uoora, Auani * ** 

Slull Book ch eio 

Alta-ch. tor Africa B 31 

Allenon V. F. S.... 1 00 

iJUagowB.S SCO 

Fatrvlewob »■& 

HtorlBbuK vb. [or Peter, 

cue Kev. I. S. Hauklns, 

Atuiakur, India U oo 

Orlnnell i:b lb oo 

Mt. Vernon eh 3 66 

BDrllnrU>ii, Walnut St. R. 

V. P.V 146 

FatrUeld cb 20 «8 

FalrOeld H. S 3 IV 

Stuart H.Y.P. II TV 

What t-beer ch 2 b6 

What Cheer 1). V. P. U . . . . 3 N 

What Cheer Jr. B, Y, P. U. 1 M 

lokacb VI 

Tremonl cb fH 

Tremnnt S. S 10 

Moquoheta cb 47 oo 

Dt Will tih... '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. TUB 

Weat Unwnch B-a 

Caatolla ch 5 oo 

Perrycb 13 42 

MICHIGAN. 1371.43. 
Benton Harbor Hary 

Pearle Pinch.. 10 m 

I>«lrDl(,lst«b.)npait l2o un 

PortHuroD.lBtth... 3& HO 

KocbciU-r H. V. [', I* 1 H6 

Kdniore, lnin.-Ni'iriVli!!!!! S a 

Traverse City iji lo OH 

Allrnch 306 

JiinearlUe eh 2 00 

Juneavllle II. V. P. U so 

Wiilni'vB.Y. P. U 12 C3 

Allegan ch 4 00 

Allegan S. S l ou 

Allegan B. Y. P. i; 3 W 

Cllnuuch am 

Kalainiuoo, Betbel S, S 12 SB 


Prairie vllle 3. 8. tow. aup. 


Waull St*. Mttll^, l»w. lup. 

WeatO^-Cliy ciiV. 1* W 

[.aiislng hi |>arl lo i3 

Kernel) flprlngach 6 « 

linMrLCllvcb. '^."^^^^"J. 6 00 

M»iilslli|Ui- Sw.rh 22 66 

Ml!-ktK"nW«.V.V.'8''!"! 66 

H,,1H rli 1 00 

N,.il^h . .. 200 

\-lllim!l i>i''ii-."i>.y','f."0'. 00 

'm'ii.^".'-,.,"' ,'n. ."..'."!!!!!!! s ib 

MlNyESOTA, «ns.3«. 

I r/im-lVlh'!'.'." .' ,!'.!l!!i 600 

ill-.. 11 1. Til, r.if West China. 3 10 

i!i.'ke*cryatii'chi ::::";:!.. 4 » 

Ijike t rjiUl V. P. S. lot 

Weal China Ifi 

Plaaeant (irova uh 82 

Vtrnon Centre ch 6 a 

<lood Thunder ob 6 67 

8t.JaD]eal).Y. P. U 6 00 

Lake Benton ch IT 48 

Du hi Ih, Bethel ch 3 W 

BiKlel'olnl a.& II 2S 

Llilaach WOO 

Fllh lAkech, ^3 00 

^'M^l'/erg''-"'.^"-'-'--..'^"' 2 «» 

raiiihrl.a-e ■■*.!* 30 00 

' Weetern China ' 26 00 

Diilulh. A .Sf.Ut.Jur West- 
like Clt'j?AViier:Vh!;!i;'.l 1 21 

nyr™, W, H. MkfdicWD:;: 1 M 

jSarloD.Mri.n.V.'KeniiBy 1 00 

WISCONSIN, (400.30. 

AlOanych IB 00 

M.intloeUo. Prairie ch 3 75 

.MMfopecb 3100 

Stoiighwii oh 'Si 16 

Milwaukee, lit i^h Wi 03 

Milwaukee, T^b. eh 33 ai 

Shph-iyganch 20 00 

llaldeB Kock cb, W. (1- . . - 2 1» 

Elkhorncb 6 00 

BIpon ch 1" 04 


Springfield. Rev. David 

Board of Home and Poi^ 

elgn Mlwlon* MS H 

Noel, Mr. and Mn. Cbaa. 

Verona,' I. BVYonng. !".'.!! 26 00 

KANSAS, t-abSi. 

Plana ch • oo 

'•M'^tyiaf.X.....^^.. '■■'■"■'■■ 1« 

Lyons i-h 161 

Harmony ih BBS 

Harmony. Mrs. W. & Cook 1 01 

KuichlnaoD cb • 6S 

Kutchlnion Y. P IK 

MaryavlUe Y. p. B BM 

WestmnTBlaDd ch SBO 

Parallel, .1. W. Vllteloe.. . . 1 tO 

stTo&B C'<9 ch 2 60 

(iirarSch.. »» 

Porttlcott, SdS.B 6t 

Uwrnirr' It^v.'r. J^Dyke 6 «0 

F*«nn K « I oa 

.' 26 m 

iil'i'i. ,i.i. - - .^!-!!ii 1 16 

.Nlnne8i:ahM.S 21! 

HlHWHIIui. .I.e. liinoa.... 6 00 

WniUngtS. W 200 

sabelba. Rev. .-i. .' Miner . 6 oo 

PbllUpaburi: Y. !■ 8 3 70 

RrewBteiclT I» 

KiKhUnd cb... 6 61 

\nuooh W,C I 00 

MloneaiinlU cb U cb 13 U 

Ashervlllc rb 10 M 

KanHDs City, nwedlah Y'. 

P. ». low. »up. n. pr, II. 

Henry, care Rev. G. N. 

Thomaen. Kurnool 12 H 

Turkvllle oh lot 

Palrport ch 10 00 

Cheyenne ch 2 K 

l>ownB, N. B. Homan 1 00 

Burden ch 10 00 

Burden. Joel Dyer 100 00 

NEBEIA8KA, (67.36. 

Wayne Ob....' MOO 

Carroll ch • S6 

Norfolk oh 106 

SUnbin cb 3 0* 

Oakdale cb. designated to 

Rev. J. Firth and Rev. 

O. L. Swanaon. Aaaam ... 6 00 

Talinage ch 3 27 

Burcbard ch B S4 

Tecunisehcb 2» 

Meadcb 8 JB 

Mead Circle 6 06 


WIrth lot 

COLORADO. (32 J6. 

Denver, CaI^■a^y cb 14 » 

Colorado City ch 6 00 

tow. sup. n, pr. Abalama, 

CoDgoMUaton US* 

CALIFORNIA, (202.11. 
Los .Vngelea.Chaa. A, Key- 

Lus Ange'lea, HIaa Alvarda 

A. Keyaer. M» 

Eui ntkLind, Sin. : 


. »00 

bi. L R. a 

I. TcBlli Ave 

' ~ Bandkll i tu 

r. cb. a fitead 10 00 

<iH4uigt :«or.-Daa. ch 3S 00 

OkUuid,y(iT.-I)«>.S.S... 3 70 
Bu nuMlBco. KmnUDDcl 
TPS-Ioriap. Rev. W. 

Tjiid 4 Ml 

Lw ADpilM. RaUi«l y. F. 
S.fKHip.kev.W.Wnid 1 00 

A.*.Kickliiiid, V-Wet- 

HMldalmrK&.S 3 SB 


Aimoio, K. F. MoFee S M 

Oreitcb I 0« 

BBUMto.rentrUrb 10 o« 

B. U. Juquei and wile, 
•op. B. pT. Ko KUalng, 
an Bcv. J. E. Oum. 

mlBgi, Bunna 10 OC 

»A8HISGTOX, tllCei. 

iW4»i«,Lrtcli 23 

%vi<;«h 11 

Puvillop. Rev. 

U, Fuitne PdiuI IB 10 


UTAH. »3.t». 
SudDEVilleMlMioDg. e... SO M 
RpclDSi Ule, LiltitB Blair . . 30 
Suit Ijikc City, East Side 

th. fKrOnnlDE sulTerera. 

rare Bev. (). It. Unick... 2 80 

Tempe, Mn. Jeme Lewli.. S Do 

Oklabnma nt;r,Rev. wIV 

Oklahoma, .i. "iLBalliJrdi 
Anadarko, D.N.Cnuie... 

Id I'htua, i-jLr« IT. Carltn 10 DO 

Bat'lne. IndlaoUniv.^ii^ii M « 

MDAcniEleco]. uta S TG 

INlVl* th OM 

Purcelloh 6 60 

l.eilnerwn tl) 1 30 

Wynnewoml ch J 40 

■ -.'.'Jiilllv, \W\. S'iT.'Mlitb- 

.Miildrc.w v\i.'.'.'.".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 1 oil 

Salllsam th I no 

Eniahaha. Itev, W. 1-. Blake ^ HI 
Eiiiuhaha, \Va% C. .M. 

HoIliiEB 7 Ml 

Eiiiahaha, MIsH J. KeBtlnic 10 UO 

Kiiialuha. MlHH L. Killer.. 10 ixi 

KrebsS.S 1 l» 

Kr«b8, 1.. Smith 1 M 

TENNKSEE, «l:t.O0. 
NaahvlUe, >lliia .lobanna 
Moore S 00 

Naihville,' Id meDiory'ut 
Hpv. W. S. .ML'KeniJe, 


I* r.ranee B. V. P. i: 07 


AtUnU, Fiiieliiisn Remt- 
nary, Mt» M. ii. Brooka, 
t'irliiedebt t 00 

MlflCEI.LAXEOL'9, 86M.0O. 
fieperal .*ll«ilon»ry fkw.'if 

o'l N.iDli Ann,r!e»i, fi.r 
KauieriHin MlMli>n, care 
Rev. VA. "■■^—~ "— 


par J. . 

™«™oere CO :i \n 

S*«*lb«rK8.fl 300 

2lttM,IJlUe Helper*...- IZ 00 I 

jW«Mdl 300 ' 

jMldh GOO . 

9|A,Xn.M.aalUi 100 > 

«**<* I 76. 

S*WiB.9 aoo 

'Wr1AB.,Y.P. U 3 00 ■ 

ip. Kev. W. M. L'ptraft M) W 
^ra. Rev. K. (;, llilllliw 
aDilvifi- luo OC 

BLK.MA, ei^ll»JXi. 
Langix.n. ri^i'd on Ibe Held 

Icth Rb. ■^Ut^^$lUl Ml 

Bev, W. F-Tbooi- 

^ : i.« accl. Rpv. I., 

Si. LI., hu._^«;-l-^- aar a 

' t'te aiwi? Re!, it *K. 

fletcbetRa. 10n» »l 0)1 

Thajemij*, reo'd on tbe 

tlvld per avot. Rev. II. 

A.ilaId«lnt(«.i.-;7-13.|l_ 100 « 
MylDEjan. rei'M on the 

H».Vll-i)=....°! MIW 
Ii. .1. (tela It*. 

~ ~ '- 101 il 

Naitikliam, rec^'d mi [he 
HcM i>|.rai'i:t. Rev. W. 
H' ■"rl)tHlli-:£Ct-ll-ll-. 07 0» 

II, l-hlnn«y IU..17a-M- 40 11 
.M'luliiiiilD I'll, low aul 

Hex K.n.lrHwlevi-vl-. 73 B( 
■raray, Llt-v. H. .Murniw 

Kr i*ot. ftci.l. 311, tnwi, 
!-ll.3 16T « 

llentada, Rev. W.I.I'rJcK] 

Ut7tlMI=.. *!','.! ..'......'l,KT7 n 

IIuniadB, Rev.N D. Bvid 

iW-IM^'. '.....'---' ■' <3 U 

Touliito.i. Mini- v.. \{. Ht- 
manH perai'ct. S.', 

1TO6, 4«l-?-*i 130 u 

BhweByln, Rev. CN.Ilar- 

IHUli, ail.lM= '■■■■'. M 7« 

ITome, Itev. L. H. M>nler 
ppriuict. Bepl. 30. llUd, 

Tbarrawwld)'. Mtu S. J 

l>«S,;uiM.1^ lUOOE 

MaDdala>. Ri-v. .1. Mi- 

ilMi'y*'.'.';,?.'. !**.'.'.■...': 13 w! 

per'acci. t<^pi. 3u, inm, 

Sandntta'v.MiiMi "M!'rarr 

iwr B>:i't. Swut. ^Iil, inwl, 

«■+*; VtU 

Thtbaw. Kev.W, M. Vkuiik 



Chicaeo, l8t Swedish Wo- 
inan*8 Soc. for Telu|!^ 

Mission 9fiO 00 

IOWA, $462.13. 

Anamosa ch 10 M) 

Chariton, Ist ch. (of wh. $5 
is fr. «. Y. P. U. and $2.01 

from the Juniors 37 04 

Coldwater, Rudolph Lan- 

des 10 00 

Shenandoah S. S. ** Birth- 
day offerings " 11 60 

A>T8hire eh. Jr. B. Y. P. U. 2 2& 

Fort Madison, Ist ch 16 OU 

Spirit Lalce, Miss L. M. 

Brigham 6 00 

Forest City ch 6 00 

Council Bluffs, Sophia B. 
Johnson, for A-She-Per, 

Toungoo, Bumia 30 00 

Oowrie, Lottie Peterson.. 25 00 

Kiron B. Y. P. U 5 00 

Meriden ch 15 00 

Union ville ch 5 00 

Udell ch 6 02 

Washington ch ; . . . . 21 37 

Prairie Flower, l>eacon J. 

Bishop 25 00 

West Chester ch 10 10 

Columbus City ch 4 00 

Waterloo, Walnut St. ch. . 8 00 
West Mitchell S. S. for Kev. 

Penn Moore, Assam 4 44 

Shell Rock ch 10 

Alta ch. for Africa 8 31 

Allerton Y. P. S 1 00 

<ilasgow S. S 3 M) 

Fair view ch 8 25 

Harrisburg ch. for I'eter, 
care Rev. I. S. llaukins, 

Atmakur, India 15 (N) 

Orinnell ch 15 oo 

Mt. Vernon ch 3 50 

Burlington, Walnut St. B. 

Y. P.U 1 46 

Fairfield ch 20 88 

Fairfield S.S 3 12 

Stuart B. Y. P. U 78 

What Cheer ch 2 05 

What Cheer B. Y. P. i; . . . . 3 65 

What Cheer Jr. B. Y. P. U. 1 50 

loka ch 92 

Tremont ch 4 22 

Tremont S. S 9 10 

Moquoheta ch 47 00 

('amanche ch 9 50 

I)e Witt ch 7 25 

West Union ch 6 25 

Castolia ch 5 (K) 

I*erry ch 13 42 

MlCHKiAX, $371.4.'J. 

Benton Harbor, Marv 

Pearle Fintii *. lo 00 

Detroit, 1st ch. in part 120 <M) 

Port Huron, Ist ch 35 60 

Rochester B. Y. P. U 1 k5 

Howard City ch 2 10 

Kdniore, Dan. -Nor. ch 5 25 

<'barlevoix ch 'ji oo 

Traverse City ch 10 (K) 

Allen ch 3 05 

Jouesville ch 2 90 

Jonesville B. Y. P. U 30 

Quincy B. Y. P. U 12 (» 

Allegan ch 4 5(> 

Allegan S. S 1 09 

Allegan B. Y. P. U 3 50 

Climax ch 9 00 

Kalamazoo, Bethels. S.... 12 68 

Otsego ch 8 00 

Prairie ville S. S. tow. sup. 

Jonsing 2 50 

Merdina ch 7 36 

Sault Bte. Marie, tow. sup. 

Telugu work $3 00 

West Bay City ch 12 K4 

I^nsing, in part 10 73 

Berrien Springs ch 5 40 

Dowagiac ch 7 30 

NilesB. Y. P. U 3 46 

Union City ch 6 00 

Manistique Sw. ch 22 56 

Muskegon Sw. S. S 146 

Muskegon Sw. Y. P. S 66 

Holly ch 100 

Novich 2 00 

Ashland Centre ch 1 60 

Ashland Centre B. Y. P. U. 60 

Crystal Valley ch 2 16 

Muskegon ch 6 18 

I'entwater ch 12 30 

MINNESOTA, $728.38. 

Brooklyn Centre ch 2 00 

Carmen ch 5 00 

Bralnerd, for West China. 3 10 

(warden City ch 8 00 

Lake Crystal ch 4 50 

Lake ( rjstal Y. P. S. for 

West China 6 15 

Pleasant (trove ch 82 

Vernon Centre ch 6 61 

<iood Thunder ch 5 67 

St. James B. Y. P. U 6 00 

Lake Benton ch 17 46 

Duluth, Bethel ch 3 99 

Eagle Point S. S 12 25 

Lidas ch 20 00 

Flshl^kech 23 00 

Fish I^ke Y. P. S 7 00 

Hallock ch 26 

Kondyohi. O. H. Ekdale. . . 5 00 

Minneapolis, Ist Sw. ch — 3 10 
Quincv, for 1). Sooriviah, 

Cuinbum, India 11 00 

Worthington, Sw. ch. Mrs. 

Moberg 2 00 

Cambridge S. S .«) 00 

Lake Elizabeth ch 30 00 

St. Paul, Ist Sw. Y. I*. S. 
for San-ka-Dah, care Dr. 

Bunker 20 00 

Clark's Grove ch 295 45 

Clark's Grove S. S 4 65 

St. l*aul Nor.-Dan. ch 3 (H) 

Chenev, Mrs. M. L. (iarvin 10 00 

Cheney, Mrs. J. G. Briggs 100 (K) 

Minneotu 5 75 

Duluth, 2d ch 20 00 

St. Paul, •• A Friend," for 

Western China 26 00 

Duluth, A, Stoltz, for West- 
ern China 2 00 

Lake City, Amer. ch 1 21 

Calvary, Mrs. V. O. Hunt, 
for Koviah Pixley, care 

Rev. J . E. Cl(»ugh 25 (H) 

Byron, W. H. Mictdleton ... 1 00 

Granite Falls ch 3 02 

Marion, Mrs. G. V. Kenuey 1 00 

WISCONSIN, $409.36. 

Albany ch 15 00 

Monticello, I'rairie ch 3 75 

Mt.Hopcch :a 00 

Stoughton ch 20 1(5 

Milwaukee, 1st ch 255 W> 

Milwaukee, Tab. ch «> 20 

Shebovgau ch 20 00 

Maiden Rock ch. W. G. . . . 2 18 

Elkhorn ch 5 00 

Ripon ch 18 04 


Springfield, Rev. David 
Crosby 4 00 

Board of Home and For- 
eifl:n Missions $60 » 

Noel, Mr. and Mn. CIum. 
Gratz 6 60 

Verona, LB. Young 2B M 

KANSAS, $295^. 

Piano ch 6 M 

Xickerson ch IS 8 

Sterling ch 1 4i 

Lyons ch 157 

Harmony ch hfk 

Harmony, Mrs. W. B. Cook 1 M 

Hutchinson ch 9 68 

Hutchinson Y. P 127 

Marysville Y. P. 8 6« 

Westmoreland eh 6 M 

Parallel. J. W. Vltteloe .... 1 00 

Strong City ch 2 00 

Girard ch 9 SO 

Fort Scott, 2d 8. 8 fiO 

Auburn S.S 100 

Lawrence, Rev. L. J. Dyke 6 00 

Easton S. S 1 08 

Lawrence, F. L. McGahan, 

tow. sup. n. pr. Charles, 

care Dr. Downle 2S 00 

LaCygueY.P.S 100 

Belleview S. S 1 IB 

NinnescahS.S 212 

Hiawatha, J. G. Hanna. ... 6 00 

Whitings. S 2 OO 

Sabetha. Rev. S. J. Miner . 6 00 

Phillipsburg Y. P. 8 3 TO 

Brewster ch 1 SO 

Highland ch 6 5X. 

Antioch ch 5 7^ 

Antioch W. C 7 

Minneapolis ch 

Simpson ch 

Asherville ch 

Kansas City, Swedish Y. 

P. S. tow. sup. n. pr. D. 

Henry, care Rev. G. N. 

Thomsen, Kumool 

Turkville ch 

Fairport ch 

Cheyenne ch 

Downs, N. B. Homan 

Burden ch 

Burden, Joel Dyer 

NEBRASKA, $67.36. 


Wayne ch 

Carroll ch 

Norfolk ch 

Stant«)n ch 

Oak dale ch. designated to 

Rev. J. Firth and Rev. 

O. L. Swanson, Assam. . . 5 

Talmage ch 3 

Burchard ch 2 

Tecumseh ch 2 

Meadch 5 31^ 

Mead Circle 5 OCP 

WahooS. S 4 21^ 

Platte Centre, Mr. and Mrs. 

Wirth 109 

COLORADO, 932.35. 

Denver, Calvary ch 14 85 

Colorado City ch 5 00 

La Junta, J. B. Sherman, 
tow. sup. n. pr. Abalaiua, 
Congo Mission 12 60 


Los Angeles, Chas. A. Key- 
ser 75 00 

Los Angeles, Miss Alverda 
A. Keyser 26 00 






100 OCJ 

26 0C:J 




9 - 


Mone, A. H. Hendenon, 
31 D., per sect. Sept. 30, 
1896, coll. on the field 
R8.60» fl4fi0 

Tlionfl;ze, Mrs. M. B. In- 
galls per acct. Sept. 90, 
1896, R8.3S0« 10160 

Touneoo, C. H. Hepton- 
staU per acct. Sept. 30. 
1896, coll. on the field 
R8.687-34 199 23 

CONGO, $73.60. 

West Africa, Kif^va, Rev. 
P. Frederickson = 73 60 

JAPAN, $1,000. 

Nemnro, Mrs. H. E. Car- 
penter, for salary of Rev. 
w. B. Parshley, Yoko- 
hama « 1,000 00 

Total $33,970.69 


Mass.. Asa 
H. Goddard 
(in part.)... $1,723 02 


Manilas, N.Y., 


Chapman $5 00 


D . C, Henry 

Beard 187 00 

Le Claire, la., 

Jas. Turner 74 00 

San Diego, 


of Rev.Wm. 

Dean, D. D 100 00 

$2,069 62 


Donation and Lega- 
cies from April 1, 
1896, to Feboary 1, 
1897 $178,269 96 

Donations and Lega- 
cies from April 1, 
1896, to March 1, 1897 $214,320 16 

Donations received to March 1, 
1897, $170,782.77. 

Maine, $2,300.31; New Hamp- 
shire, $1,106,66; Vermont, $1,366.- 
88; Massachusetts, $19,262.06; 
Rhode Island, $3,213.31 : Connec- 
ticut, $3,664.73; New York, $46,- 

039.04; New Jersev, $6,314.26; 
Pennsylvania, $16,507.91 ; Dela- 
ware, $426.37; District of Colum- 
bia, $826.94; Maryland. $28.67; 
Vinrinla, $34.40; West Virgbiia» 
$1,^.26; Ohio, $24,222Ji6; Indi- 
ana, $1,710.67; Illinois, $13,068.80; 
Iowa, $2,644.88; Michi«an^l,M8.> 
76; Minnesota, $2,670US6: WtscoD- 
sin, $2,296.48; Missouri, 9813Ji6: 
Kansas, $1,624.96; Nebraska, $708.- 
09; Colorado, $432.90; CiUlfomia» 
$1,869.66; Oregon, $308.66: North 
Dakota, $226.83; South Dakota^ 
$320.84; Washinjrton, $565.82iNe- 
vada, $48.00: Idaho, $68.73; wyo- 
ming, $26.30; Utah, $19.30; Mon> 
tana, $70.86; Arkansas, $62.60; 
Arizona, $13US6; South Carolina, 
$36.24; Kentucky. $2; Tennessee^ 
$22; Louisiana, $12.70; Georgia^ 
$1; Florida, $10: Alabama, $21; 
Mississippi, $6; British Columbia^ 
$89.96; Indian Territory, $173.96; 
Oklahoma, $1280(6; New Mexico, 
$11; Canada, $1; England, $20; 
Spain, $7.82: Burma. $6,216.92; 
Assam, $806.^; India, $60; China» 
$1,246.48; Japan, $1,808.09; Congo, 
$73 JM); Alaska, $3.66; miscel- 
laneous, $3,199.43. 


Every person having any property should make a will while in sound health of mind 
and body. Many Christians every year are providing in their wills for additions to the 
permanent funds of the Union as well as gifts directly for carrying on missionary work. 
This is an object which no Christian of wealth should omit to remember. 


I also give and bequeath to the American Baptist Misaionarv Union 

— dollars, for the purposes 
of the Union, as specined In the Act of Incorporation. And I hereby direct my executor [or executors] to 

Say said sum to the Treasurer of said Union, taking his receipt therefor within months after my 


I also give, bequeath, and devise to the American Baptist Missionary Union one certain lot of land^ 
with the buildings thereon standing [herein describe the premises with exactness and particMlarity] to 
be held and possessed by said Union, their successors ana assigns forever, for the purposes specified in 
the Act of Incorporation. 


Owing to the great number of difiieulties which have arisen in the courts over the settlement^of estates, 
and to the efforts which have been made to defeat the wishes of testators in their beauests, large numbers 
of persons are giving their funds directly into the hands of the society, and receiving its bond for the 
pavment of Interest during their lives if they need it. These bonds are an unquestioned security. They 
will never be defaulted as long as the Baptist denomination exists. There is no safer form of investment 
in the world. If the United Suites Government is destroyed, and the bonds of the United States become 
worthless, still the Baptist denomination will go on, and the obligations of the great missionary society 
will stand secure, and every bond be paid to the last cent of obligation. This metnod of investment offers 
to those who wish their money to go ultimately to the missionary work the best possible form of securing- 
an income from their property during their lives, and saves them all care and trouble of re-investment» 
and all fears regarding the settlement of their estates. For full information regarding Wills, Bequests 
and Annuity Bonds, address 

REV. E. F. MERRIAM, Editorial Secretary. 

Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. 

Teachers Wanted! 

We have over four thousand vacancies for teachers each season — several times as many vacancies as 
members. We must have more members. Several plans: two plans give free registration; one plan 
GUARANTEES a satisfactory position for the coming Fall. Ten cents, silver or stamps(the regular price is 
25c.) pays for a 100-page book, explaining the different plans, and containing a complete $fi00.00 Prize Story^ 
a true and charming love story of college days. No charge to employers for recommending teachers^ 

Address REV. DR. O. M. SUTTON, A. M., Pres. and Mgr., Southern Teachers* Bureau, Louisville, Ky» 

XTbe JSaptist 


Vol. LXXVII. No. 5 


gEVER before have our Baptist missionary societies reported 
debts so large as this year. At the close of the year March 
31, the debt of the Missionary Union stood at $292,721.32, 
and the debt of the Home Mission Society at $181,761.59, 
making a total of $475,482,91. If this were all that could 
be said, the situation of our Baptist missionary interests 
might well be considered as sad and disheartening in the 
extreme. But there are two things which change the situation 
irom one of gIo(Hn to one of comparative cheer. In the iirst place the large debts 
Tii« l.arci h*W been anticipated, and, in the second place, there is every hopefid 
**«'"■ indication that they will be wholly provided for by July 1, The following 

letter sent out several weeks ago from the New England Committee of Baptist 
laymen, on the debts, will show how wise forethought has planned to care for 
the missionary interests in this great crisis. 

The debt of the American Baptist Missionary Union is expected to be ^306,000, and 
that of the American Baptint Home Mission Society,^total, $486,000 — by 
l^Mtsrof N.E. April 1, 1897. Mr, Rockefeller will give $250,000 of this, if the denomination 
CoamittM will pay the $336,000, It can be raised if all will do what they can. How 
much win you help? The Committee request your prompt response. Send money or 
pledges to E. P. Coleman, Treasurer, Box 41, Boston. Be sure and say " for the debts." 
Very sincerely yours, 
Robert O. Fuller, Chester W. Kingslev, James L. Howard, Sami'el R. Thing, 
Julius J. Estey, Irvikc O. WHiriNti, KiHiBSR N. Foss, Cuiniuitlee <i/ A'ew England. 

How closely the situation has been forecast will be seen by comparing the esti- 
mated debts in the letter with the actual debts of the societies as named above. 

The Treasurer of the American liaptist Missionary Union reports the follow- 
ing receipts: Donations, $258,298.95; legacies, $45,740.59; woman's societies. 

156 The Financial Situation 

$108,906.79; from all other sources, $39,015.56 ; total, $451,961.89. Appropria- 
tions, $580,855.58 ; deficit of this year, $128,893.69 ; debt of last year, $163,827.63 ; 
total debt, $292,721.32. It should be said that the amount of the debt would have 
been greatly reduced if the usual efforts to make the deficit of the year as small as 
„ , possible had not been overshadowed by the lareer scheme for clearine off 

Reason for *^ ^ o o 

the Large the' entire debt by July i. Many churches, which are devising liberal 
^*'** things for the debt-raising movement, have deferred sending in their 

contributions until after the close of the year, in the expectation of making them yet 
more generous. For example, the Clarendon Street Church, Boston, after devoting 
a whole Sunday morning service to thought and prayer on the subject, plans to raise 
about $10,000 for the combined debts, but only the usual contribution was paid in 
toward the current expenses of the Missionary Union. Mr. Rockefeller's donation 
of $30,000 already paid in is also credited to the combined debt account. 

The strength and power of the Baptist churches of the North should now be put 
into the effort to pay off completely the debts of the Missionary Union and the 
Home Mission Society, amounting to $475,482.91. Mr. Rockefeller will pay more 
than one-half of this, and the interest, courage and wisdom which has already been 
Let the Debts shown give promise that the balance will be raised. Yet this will not 
be Paid j^g done without a cheerful, hearty and generous effort all along the 

line. Let the pastors enter into this work. Let business men of energy and success 
associate themselves with the notable laymen in different parts of the country, who 
are doing so much to forward this movement. Let consecrated Christian women, 
of whom there are a host, lend their aid, and, in the words of Mr. Rockefeller, " We 
will do it, and God will bless us in doing it." 

Sunday, April 25, has been designated by the New England Committee as a 
general Rally Day, when the Baptist churches of New England are asked to make a 
special offering for the missionary debts. $100,000 is the portion assigned to New 
England, and other sums are asked of other portions of the country. It is most 
encouraging to find that everywhere there is great willingness to undertake the 
portions assigned, and much confidence that the efforts will be successful. If the 
portions are made up the whole sum will be raised. 

We would suggest that the general interests of the missionary work make it 
desirable that this debt-raising movement be brought to a triumphant close as early 
as possible. Every month now devoted to this is, in a sense, a mortgage on the 
Pay Them future. After the debts are paid there will be the current expenses of the 
at Once missions for the coming year to be provided for. Let us, therefore, act at 
once : dispose of the debts, and face the future with cheerful courage, hope and 
trust in the Lord God Almighty, for the work is His and He will carry it through to 
the victorious end. 

CLUBS TOR THE MAGAZINE continue to come in on the flood tide. The Fourth 
Avenue Church, Pittsburg, Pa., with which the anniversaries are to be held, 
still holds the lead with the largest club — 86 subscribers. The smallest club having 
the magazine at fifty cents a year, on the basis of subscribers equal to ten per cent. 
of the members, is the litde Baptist Church of nine at Table Rock, Colorado, with 
one subscriber. Table Rock is welcome. This is just what we like. Let other 
small chuches go and do likewise. * Among other clubs we notice the First Churchy 
Boston, 60 (and more coming) ; Ninth Street Church, Cincinnati, 35 ; Calvary, New 
Haven, 31 ; Jefferson, la., 20; Winchendon, Mass., 18; Osage, la., 17; North 
Church, Brocton, Mass., 15; Bowling Preen, O., 13; Third, Dayton, O., 13; Nor- 
wood, O., 12; Second, Dedham, Mass., 13; Lake City, Minn., 11 ; First Spring- 
field, O., II ; Tiverton, R. I., 10; Sharon, Mass., 8; Bellingham, Mass., 7 ; West 
Haven, Vt, 7; Littleton, Mass., 7; a church, Washington, D. C, 6; Still River, 
Mass., 5 ; Bishop, Cal., 3. We thank each and all who have put so much loving 
work for Christ into this method of letting his ways of working in all the earth be 
known. Are there not some who read this who can bring others into the growing 
circle of readers of The Missionary Magazine ? 

BACK NUMBERS OF THE MAGAZINE WANTED A large number of friends have 
very generously responded to the call to supply back numbers of the Baptist 
Missionary Magazine, to replace those destroyed in the burning of Tremont 
Temple four years ago. While in the rooms on Beacon Street there was not space 
to sort and properly arrange the very large number which was sent in, but with 
the return of the Missionary Union to its new quarters in Tremont Temple, the 
work of arranging these files has been at last completed. We take this occasion to 
express our very hearty thanks and sincere gratitude to the numerous friends who 
have so cordially responded and sent numbers to complete the files. By the help 
of their generosity we find that the The Missionary Magazine has complete files in 
sufficient numbers to supply all probable demands back to 1847. A considerable 
number of friends have offered to supply back numbers of the magazine, if needed, 
upon whom we have not called. Will these friends accept our thanks for their kind 
offers? And we would say that if any have numbers of the magazine previous to, and 
including the year 1846, we shall be very glad to have them send any they may be 
able to spare. Numbers previous to 1836 are especially desired. While the Union 
has complete sets of the magazine for its own use, these earlier numbers are becom- 
ing increasingly rare and valuable, and any which may be sent will be carefully 
preserved for supplying or completing sets of the magazine in future years. Address 
Baptist Missionary Magazine, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. 

ErUR FRONTISPIECE is of special interest this month, It is a photograph (tf t^Ew 
i 3aptist missionaries to the Telugus who met in the conference at Secu-^»- 
derabad last December. An account of the meeting is given in this numb^^r 
of the Magazine. The photograph from which the cut is made w^ls 
supphed by Dr. McLaurin of Bangalore, who also sent a list of the nam^s 
of those who appear in the picture. These we have inserted in the margizi 
to the best of our ability, and trust our readers will be able to find the faces of those 
whose names are so familiar as our representatives in the great Baptist Telugu 
Mission. Several of the missionaries who were not present at the conference wilJ 
be missed from the group, Study this picture. Become acquainted with the faces, 
and pray for the devoted servants of God in their Christlike work for the salvation 
of the heathen. 

THE INCREASE OP SUBSCRIBERS to the Magazine has been so rapid as to out-run 
all expectations and calculations. Although a large number of the April 
Magazine were printed, the supply was exhausted early in the month, and we have 
been compelled to begin subscriptions with the May number. We shall try to keep 
ahead of orders after this. The zeal and enthusiasm shown in securing new sub- 
scriptions for the Magazine are very gratifying, and we take this opportunity to 
express our appreciation of the numerous commendations of the magazine in its 
new and improved form which have been received. Will our friends accept this as 
a personal reply to their kind words of praise ? We propose to spare no eflort 
to make The Missionary Magazine worthy of the great Baptist body and the 
noble missionary work it represents. 

THE NEXT BAPTIST ANNIVERSARIES will be unique in several respects. They 
have not been held in Pittsburg since 1852, when the year's income of the 

Missionary Union was only $122,111.94. These forty-five years have witnessed 
vast changes in Pittsburg, in Pittsburg Baptists and in the Baptist Missionary 
Societies. Then the Baptists in Pittsburg had no house of worship large enough 
to accommodate the anniversaries. Now the Fourth Avenue Church is ample for 
all purposes, and there are twenty-two Baptist churches with six missions. Pittsburg 
itself has become a place of national importance as the centre of the great iron 
industry. The report of the first year's work of the Commission on Systematic 
Beneficence, and the movement to clear off the debts of the Missionary Union and 
Home Mission Society, in addition to the usual features of interest, make the 
coming anniversaries specially attractive and important. Pittsburg is easily acces- 
sible from all points, and the gathering of Baptists will be of unusual interest and 
importance. All communications regarding entertainment, etc., should be addressed 
to the chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, Mr. W. A. Connor, Sixteenth 
and Pike Streets, Pittsburg, Pa. 


1 59 

THE FAMINE IN INDIA, while confined to the Central and Northern portions of the 
Jpeninsula, is more extensive and more dreadful than the famine of 1876-77, 
■which affected chiefly the Madras Presidency, including the field of our Baptist 

Telugu Mission. This terri- 
tory is now largely exempt 
from the horrors of famine, 
but all Central and Northern 
Ind a s suffering from un- 
paralleled scarcity of food. 
37 000 000 people, in a re- 
g on nearl> destitute of food, 
must be supported for six 
or e ght months almost en- 
t rel} by outside aid, and 
44 000 000 more will require 
n o e or less aid to carry 
the through until another 
harest can be gathered, 
n e suffer ngs of the people 
e dreadful beyond power 
of descr pt on, and Ihous- 
a ds are dj ng of sheer star- 
it on e erj' week. The 
plague stUl continues also, 
but ts terr ble ravages are 
eclipsed by the more fright- 
Dn w K B ran N B A £y[ jjorrorj, Qf the famine. 

Triie government is moving for the relief of the people, but such is the corruption 
^miong the minor native officials that these funds are seriously depleted before 
*"«aching the sufferers. The most efficient aid is through the missionaries, who are 
^ijlly organized for active and most useful service in this great emergency. 

THE INTERNATIONAL MISSIONARY UNION will hold its fourteenth annual meeting 
at Clifton Springs, N. Y., June 9-15, 1897. 
All persons, either men or women, who are, or have been, foreign missionaries, 
in^any field, of any evangelical denomination, constitute the only membership of the 
Xjnion, and are entertained without cost during the week. Provision cannot be 
made for the children of missionaries. Missionary candidates, under actual 
appointment, will, as far as practicable, be hospitably entertained. Board at private 
houses, at low rates, can be secured by other persons attending. 

Further information can be obtained by addressing Mrs. C. C. Thayer, Clifton 
SpringB, N. Y. 

1 60 Editorial 

glad to say, justified the highest hop)es of his friends and agreeably disappoint 
ing the fears of many. Dr. Barrows' connection with the Parliament of Relig^onj 
the effect of which was, without question, highly injurious to missionary work, le< 
the great body of missionaries in India to view his proposed visit and lectures w^itE— i 
much doubt. They feared that the exaltation of Hinduism, which was the effect o--#" 
its representation at the Parliament of Religions, still further promoted. - 
In this their fears have proved entirely groundless. Dr. Barrows* lectures hav^ 
been clear and unmistakable utterances for the supremacy of the religion of Jesus 
Christ. He has not only spoken with unmistakable distinctness as to the chief 
doctrines of evangelical Christianity, but has gone so far as to warn those who drew 
unfounded inferences from the Parliament of Religions that their conclusions were 
entirely erroneous ; that there neither is nor can be any degree of comparison 
between Hinduism and Christianity, since they occupy entirely different spheres. 
The attendance upon Dr. Barrows* eight lectures in the principal cities of India has 
been large and composed of the most intelligent representatives of Hinduism, as well 
as of Christianity, and the effect will undoubtedly be marked and beneficial. The 
lectures will go far to undo, in India at least, the unfavorable effects of the Parlia- 
ment of Religions, and it is to be hoped will have a profound and lasting effect in 
the promotion of the highest interests of Christianity in India. 

and Spain. The conquest of Madagascar by France has awakened the zeal 
of the Roman Catholics of France to lead the people of that island to the Catholic 
faith. As is well known, the Protestant missions in Madagascar have been very 
successful in the past. It now appears that they are entering on a season of deep 
trial from the insidious opposition and persecution of the Jesuit priests. This 
situation of affairs affects the people in France, and the condition is further compli- 
cated by the difficulties between the French and English governments in regard to 
Egypt and Turkey. While the cause of Protestantism is making an advancement 
in various districts of France, the Roman Catholic opposition is waxing more 
furious. Both Jews and Protestants are accused of a lack of patriotism, and of 
being the paid agents of the British government. In Spain, the difficulties between 
the United States and Spain in regard to Cuban affairs have resulted in deepening 
the hatred of the Roman Catholics against Protestants, and so have largely increased 
the difficulties of Protestant missionary work in Spain. The serious effect which 
these international difficulties have had upon the missionary work in France and 
Spain illustrates the fact that the world is all one and that events in any part of it 
may have a most unexpected and important effect upon the interests of the cause of 
Christ in distant regions. We can no longer regard the nations of the earth as 
independent of each other in any very serious sense. All are mutually inter- 
dependent in manifold and important ways. 

EilUorial i6i 

THE OREAT ADVANCE OF BURMA in commercial and political importance is indi- 
cated by the fact that, from May i, 1897, it is to hold the same rank in the 
Indian Empire as the Province of Bengal, having a Lieutenant Governor and Legis- 
lative Council. This will add immensely to the consideration which Burma will 
liave in the councils of the nations, and will have a very important effect upon our 
baptist missionary work in that country. No doubt a university for the province 
■will soon be established, and other institutions suitable to the character of a separate 
and independent Province of India. This will have a large influence upon the 
development of the people of Burma, of all classes, and, by this step in advance, 
the importance of our missionary work in Burma is enhanced in an inestimable 
degree. We should remember that hitherto Burma has been Baptist missionary 
ground. The most strenuous efforts and the wisest councils will be needed in the 
future development of our missions that they may keep pace with the growth of the 
Province and with the development of the people ; and that the pre-eminence which 
has been gained in the glorious history of Baptist missions in Burma may still be 
maintained in all righteousness and godliness and spiritual power. 




u,, ~^^i^L 

^ 4-^*mmZ^'^^ 


vj.-S* m 

<i|N THE TIGER JUNGLE." by Rev. Jacob Chamberlain, M.D., D. 1)., is one of the 

I most entertaining missionary books we have read for some time. Dr. Cham- 
berlain is widely known as a missionary of the Reformed Church, formerly a member 
of the Arcot Mission, but more recently laboring among the Telugus. He is a 
missionary of force and enterprise and success, and his descriptions are vivid and 
lifelike. His adventures have brought him into contact with every variety of life 
among the Telugus, and his book will be of special interest to American Baptists 
because it describes life among the same people for whom our own great American 
Baptist Telugu Mission is carried on. Dr. Chamberlain's book is specially suitable 
for Sunday-school libraries, and we cordially recommend it. It is published by the 
Fleming H. Revell Company of New York, Chicago and Toronto, at 

1 62 Editorial 

THE EMANCIPATION OF WOMAN follows in the wake of Christian Missions all 
around the world. Last month we referred to the awakened interest in the 
education of woman in Japan. Now, from Africa, " the dark continent " of a few 
years ago, comes the news that, under the influence of the Gospel, a tribe in West 
Africa has voluntarily freed their women from the chains which, by the customs of 
centuries, made her a chattel and a slave. Formerly, wives were bought, and, even 
if their husbands died, they were compelled to be married to some one in the same 
family, as a council of relatives should decide. The tribal parliament, while retain- 
ing a dowry, has greatly reduced the amount. Girls are to be left free from 
betrothal until they are old enough to decide for themselves, and widows are to be 
allowed to marry whom they choose. There at least, the African woman is not 
longer the slave of man. 

A SIGNIFICANT SOCIAL CHANGE ON THE CONGO is an evidence of the happy 
influence which Christianity always exercises in secular affairs in heathen 
lands. The men begin to help the women in field work. The old idea of the 
degradation of woman is passing away. She begins to go to school. She rises in 
the scale of intelligence, and therefore, of influence. She ceases to be a mere slave 
fit only for drudgery, and becomes a companion of man in social life, and he ceases 
to be ashamed to be her companion in labor. As a result, the amount of land 
under cultivation has increased. Larger prosperity comes to the people. They 
build larger and better and more permanent homes. They want better clothing and 
more of it. Spinning, weaving and other domestic industries are introduced, and, 
along with the spiritual advancement of the people, the improved conditions of life 
gradually displace the old crudeness and cruelties, and more and more approximate 
to the peace and happiness of a Christian civilization. 

MISSION TO DWARF TRIBES OF AFRICA.— Miss Margaret MacLean of Glasgow 
has given to the Presbyterian Board of New York ;^i,5oo to open a mission 
among the dwarfs, in connection with the West African mission, and will pay ;^5oo 
a year toward its support. These dwarf tribes of Africa are among the most singular 
and interesting features of that strange continent They were met by Henry M. 
Stanley in several of his journeys into the interior and have more recently been 
encountered by the Presbyterian missionaries in the interior from Gabun. This is, 
apparently, their nearest approach to the sea coast, but they are supposed to be 
widely scattered throughout the dense forests of the Upper Congo Valley. These 
dwarfs average about four feet in height, and are well proportioned and athletic. 
They appear to have no territory exclusively to themselves, but are distributed 
among other peoples, obtaining their living chiefly from hunting, the products of the 
chase and the forests, which they sell to the people about them. In disposition 
they are exceeding timid and retiring, although fighting fiercely when attacked, and 
it has been difficult to obtain accurate information of their numbers, manner of life 
or religious condition. 



ASTRANQE CONTRADICTION. — It is a singular experience to find so many who 
pronounce missionary meetings dull and uninteresting, when letters from so 
many are received at the Mission Rooms, saying that the missionary concerts are 
among the most interesting meetings they have. There is a strange contradiction 
here. What is it that makes the difference between the missionary concert in some 
places and the same kind of a meeting in other places ? We believe it is simply in 
the amount of work which is put into it, and the way in which it is conducted. 
There is a larger amount of interesting matter for a missionary concert than for any 
other sort of a meeting. If one is interested himself, it is easier for a leader to gpt 
up a mbsionary concert than almost any other kind of a meeting. The missionary 
concert will not conduct itself any more than crops on a farm will grow without 
planting and cultivating. We think we have known pastors who felt that they had 
discharged their whole duty when they had appointed a missionary concert They 
would not feel so in regard to any other meeting in their church. It is not difficult 
to tell why the missionary concert of such pastors is uninteresting. Put the same 
amount of energy, earnestness and enthusiasm into the preparation of your mis- 
sionary concert that you put into your preparation for other meetings, and we 
venture to say that you will have the same experience as so many other pastors 
have had, that the missionary meetings are among the most interesting and largely 
attended in your church. 

THE NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE LIBRARY desires the following numbers of) The 
Missionary Magazine to complete a set : Massachusetts Missionary Maga- 
zine, Vol. 2, No. 10, and Vol. 3, No. i ; Baptist Missionary Magazine, Vol. 12, 
VoL 16, Nos. I to 4 and 7 to 12 : Vol. 25, No. 9 ; Vol. z6. No. 8 ; Vol. 29, Nos. i 
to 3; Vol. 35, No. 2\ Vol, 63, No. 2; Vol. 72, Nos. 2 and 9; Vol. 76, No. 6. 
Any one having these numbers to spare will confer a favor by mailing them to 

Mr. Arthur O. Chase, Librarian, Stale Library, Concord, N. H. 


npHE great revival of 1878, in the American Baptist Mission to the Telugus of 
India, was one of the most remarkable and most gracious outpourings of the 
Holy Spirit ever given to any mission field. Succeeding to the long years of labor 
and trial which characterized the early history of the mission, and coming just after 
the great famine of 1876-1878, in which thousands of the Telugus perished and 
millions were reduced to the last extremities of want and distress, the Revival came 
like a burst of clear and brilliant sunlight after a dark night of cloud and storm. 
Nine thousand one hundred and forty-seven were baptized from June 15 to Sep- 
tember 17, 1878, upon credible profession of their faith in Jesus Christ, and after 
being under the obser\'ation of native pastors for months. July. 3, 1878, was the 
great day of these days of blessing, for that day witnessed the baptism of 2,222. 

This day is one of the most important in the history of the Christian church. 
It has its only parallel in the day of Pentecost, when three thousand souls were 
added to the church in Jerusalem. When in America, Dr. Clough gave a descrip- 
tion of this remarkable event in conversation with the editor. 

After the famine of 1877-78 was nearly over, during which he had baptized 
none for fear the poor people would ask for baptism from improper motives. Dr. 
Clough sent word to all his native preachers to bring their candidates for baptism to 
a point on the Gundalacuma River, north of Ongole. When he reached there he 
found 6,000 jDersons were gathered. He immediately stationed each one of his 
forty native preachers under a tree, and told them to gather their converts about 
them and proceed to examine them for baptism, making a list of those who were 
thought suitable to be received.- Dr. Clough himself went from place to place, 
superintending the whole examination. After all were examined, it was found that 
2,222 had been received and their names placed upon the list. 

At that point the government road crosses the river by a ford. The banks of 
the river are high, and an inclined way for the road had been made, beginning 
quite a distance back from the bank, and descending gradually to the bed of the 
river. At this particular time the water in the river was high, and while the current 
rushed by outside, there was a calm eddy of water which flowed up over the road to 
a considerable distance, making a natural baptistery. Two clerks were stationed, 
one on each side of the bank above the road, with the list of the accepted candi- 

Then two native preachers descended into the water to a sufficient depth, a 

name was called out by each clerk, and the person whose name was called went 
down into the water to the preachers. The formula of baptism was repeated in 
each case, and the two were baptized. Then they returned from the water and two 
others were called and baptized in the same manner. So the administration of the 
ordinance went on, from an early hour in the morning of July 3, 1878, until about 
nine or ten o'clock. When the two preachers became tired, two others were sent 
in their places. The administration of baptism was susj^ended during the heated 
hours in the middle of the day. About three or four o'clock it was resumed in the 

The Telugu Pentecost 


same manner, and continued until the 2,222 were baptized, concluding about seven 
in the evening. The whole time occupied in the baptism was about nine hours, and 
only two native preachers officiated at a time. There were six in ail, relieving each 
other, as those who were acting became weary. Dr. Clough baptised none himself. 
So this great event was concluded, the largest number baptized on profession of 

their faith in Christ on one day since the day of Pentecost. All was done decently 
and in order, and the manner in which this large number was baptized proves that 
not only could three thousand, but even twice three thousand be baptized in a day 

with perfect order and propriety, if Ihe I-ord should ever give such a blessing;, to 

His people. 



!ROM Ongole we report 
: 508 baptized during 
: 1896, and at our quar- 
; terly meeting we de- 
: cided to ask and wori 

\ verts before the end of 
[ '897. 

December 3 1 I started out on an evange- 
listic tour, and thus far we have baptized 
146, whom we believe are new creatures in 
Christ Jesus. Uo not think that these have 
been won for Jesus without an effort. Far 
from it. We have to use all our powers; for 
the devil contends for every inch of ground. 
But we have learned that we can do great 
things through Christ which strengthenelh 

Paragraphs in the home papers, indicating 
that a heavy, unbearable debt on our dear 
old Missionary Union at the close of the 
present financial year is imminent, make me 
sad, and did I not know that Jesus sees the 
end of all our troubles, and that He is at 
the helm, I would be discouraged. Please 

tell the American Baptists for me that we 
here in " the miiie " are doing our very best 
every day. I have not been outside the 
bounds of the Ongole Mission since my 
return from visiting the Industrial and Art 
School at Nazareth, South India, fourteen 
months ago, and no Englishman or Hindu, 
not a cooley even, within 100 miles of On- 
gole, works harder or more persistently than 
I do. And what is true of myself is true of 
most of your missionaries to the Teiugus. 
The work we have in hand is God-^ven — 
to tkem (the American Baptists) as well as 
to us. It must not be abandoned or allowed 
to drag ; the one would be an everlasting 
disgrace, and the other, may God forbid I 

Dear brethren of the East, West and 
North, arise as one man and meet this 
crisis— provide not only for this current 
year, but pay off the debt of last year. 
And then may some one or more of you 
feel so h.ippy and so blessed that you will 
want to give the Teiugus a first-class techni- 
cs-! school. Why not P Such a school is a 
much felt need; and il would hasten the day 

News and Notes From Ongole, 


of self-supporting churches, and would honor 
and please God. 

We here at Ongole fully believe in the 
efficacy of prayer, and we have good reasons 
for doing so. The first part o£ last Novem- 
ber, the outlook here at Ongole was simply 
fearful. We had had no crop-producing 
rain for over a year, and, unless rain came 
at once, famine was inevitable. At this 
crisis we appointed meetings for prayer, 
and sent this word over the Ongole Mission 
field. Here at headquarters we met every 
evening and prayed for rain, and especially 
prayed for the lives of the Christians and 
their families of the Telugu Mission. Those 
prayers were heard, 'and in a few days rain 
came in abundance over the country where 
we most urgently asked for it. 

After the close of our meeting yesterday 
nioming, I made some statements about the 
financial condition of our much loved Mis- 
siooar}' Union, and that the proposition had 
been made to make a special appeal in 
March to the Baptists of America, not only 
to pay off the great debt that had been 
aJlowed to accumulate, but also to contribute 
generously for the current expenses o( the 
society at home and abroad, and also that 
\vc might soon have money to establish our 
Technical school. The church unanimously 
voted to ask me to preach on the subject at 
the morning service on Sunday, the 28lh of 
this month, and to spend the afternoon and 
the evening in special prayer to God to bless 
appeals that are to be made, and also to give 
\js our Technical school at once, O, we do 
need this Technical school so much ! Why 
■will not some good brother or sister, who 
lias got the money, take up this Technical 
school and adopt it — adopt as a child — 
and pro\'ide for the necessary buildings and 
plant, and for the running expenses of it for 
ten or twenty years, until it is self-support- 
ing? Do ask our wealthy brethren not only 
to think of this Technical school project, 
but to take hold of it immediaUly and make 
H a ^and success. The field is ours, for 

outside of Madras, there is no technical 
school in the Telugu country. The need is 
great, and it is a crying one. May it please 
God to give some of His faithful stewards 
the privilege and great honor to establish 
this much needed institution, and thus honor 
God and bless the Telugu Christians and the 
whole Telugu country, with its 18,000,000 
of people. 

During the month of January, I was on 
an evangelistic tour all the time except two 
or three days. Cod was with us in a 
remarkable manner, and 342 were baptized 
upon profession of faith in the Lord Jesus 
as their Savior. Most of these were adults, 
and some of them Malas of considerable 
reputation in the villages where they live. 
I start on another tour day after to-morrow, 
and expect to be gone until nearly the end 
of the month, then 1 come in to be present 
at the meeting for special prayer before 
mentioned. At "that meeting very hkely 
other meetings for prayer will be appointed, 
and hence you may expect that we here at 

REV. J. E. (. 

iH, D. D. 

Ongole, and the mission connected with this 
station, will plead earnestly at least one day 
of each week during Ihe month of March, 
for money for the Missionarj- Union, and 
for a noble man to do on a smaller scale for 
our technical school and other schools here 
at Ongole, what that noble man of God, 


Pcrsei^ering Scholars 

John D. Rockefeller, has done for Chicago 

I know by the papers from America that 
financial matters are very unsatisfactory', and 
that our grand Missionary Union is threat- 
ened with a heavier debt than ever before. 
I trust, however, that God will be better to 
us than all our fears, and that the debt of 
last year will be cleared off, and that money 
in abundance will be supplied for the current 
year's work. To this end, we here at Ongole 
commenced, last Monday evening, meetings 
for special prayer that God will hear your 
prayers, and the prayers of His people in 
America, and ours, and as He has saved us 
thus far from the fearful Bubonic plague 
and the horrid famine^ now in some parts of 
India, so may He hear us again and give to 
our Society the money that is needed, that 
the work on the different mission fields may 
not be hindered, but carried on yet more 
vigorously. Our special meetings here will 
be three each week during this whole month. 

I came in on the 27th last from another 
evangelistic tour. I have been on evange- 
listic tours almost all the time since the first 
of last December. I go out on these tours, 
and may be gone from fifteen to twenty days, 
and then come home for four or five days, 
and then go again. During these tours God 
has blessed us abundantly. His people in 

many villages have been great 
and encouraged, and the Gospel 
preached in more than 100 villa^ 
thousands of people. Of those wl 
the Word gladly, if they had been 
instructed and gave evidence ths 
been born again, over 600 were 
Of these 600, 507 were baptized 
first of January by myself and r 
assistants. Most of these 600 b: 
adults and only a few months 
heathen, and I may here add th 
half of them are from the Mala 
in this section, heretofore have 
much of a mind to become 
These converted heathen, in sp 
brought forth their idols, and it 
say that we destroyed at least a c 
crude images and emblems of so 
goddess. A few, perhaps two co 
of the more seemly idols I brouj 
gole, and they are now on the 
my study. These 600 converte 
are a goodly number, but only a 
compared with the eighteen 1 
Telugus. But the same God wh( 
these 600 can and will bring out 
from these millions with a migh 
no distant day. So let us not b 
well doing. 


'npHE Governor-General reported that at 
"*• the autumnal examination in Fuchau 
nine candidates over eighty years of age, and 
two over ninety, went through the prescribed 
tests and sent in essays of which the com- 
position was good and the handwriting firm 
and distinct. Aged candidates, he says, who 
have passed through an interval of sixty years 
from attaining their bachelor's degree, and 
who have attended the three last examina- 
tins for the higher, are, if unsuccessful the 
fourth time, entitled to an honorary degree. 
The Governor of Honan in li'.e manner re- 

ported thirteen candidates over e 
of age, and one over ninety, who 
through the whole nine days' o 
wrote essays which were perfect 
in diction and showed no signs 
vears."* But even this astonish 
was surpassed in the })rovince 
where thirty-five of the compe 
over eighty years of age, and eig 
ninety ! Could any other counti 
spectacle like this? — Rev. A. 
D.D., in '* Uihicse Characteristic. 



'TpHE annual conference 
* of the American Baplisl 
Telugu Mission was held in 
^ecunderabad, Deccan, from 
Dec.31, 1896,10 Jan. 4, 1897. 
In every respect it may be 
said to have been a most de- 
lightful and profitable gath- 
ering. The Secunderabad 
and Deccan missionaries 
had made every possible ar- 
rangement for the comfort 
of those who came, and the 
Programme Committee pro- 
vided for excellent papers, 
addresses and discussions. 
The spiritual part of the 
meetings was by no means 
lacking. It was above the 
average of such gatherings, 
I believe. All of the devo- 
tional meetings were marked 
by fervor, and all of the ad- 
dresses revealed a desire on 
the part of the speakers to 
be true to the principles of 
Christ. ''Not slothful in 
business; fervent in spirit: 
serving the Lord" might 
aptly characterize the spirit of the gather- 

The first day was given up to the subject 
of organhation — first, of the conference 
itself. This year the committee on re- 
organization reported a constitution and 
by-laws. The forenoon session was mainly 
spent in discussing, amending and adopting 
this important report. We now have a 
proper organization with laws for its govern- 
ance. Secondly, "Church Organization" was 
the theme for the afternoon session. Presi- 
dent Heinrichs discussed "The Definition 
of a Christian Church according to the 

New Testament, and Its Application to Our 
Telugu Churches;" Bro. W. Powell spoke 
from experience on his own field of '■ Practi- 
cal Church Organization." The one brother 
told us how it ought lo be done, the other 
one showed us how it is being done. Hoth 
addresses were highly enjoyed. 

In the evening Dr, McLaurin delivered a 
clear and forceful address concerning "The 
Supreme Aim in Missions." The speaker 
showed the aim to be the ^lory of God. 

The second day was devoted to the A\^ 
cussxon oi sel/siifiport. It was a red-letter 
day. The decks were cleared for action 


The Telugu Missionary Conference 

during the forenoon by the presentation of 
two papers. One, by our own Brother 
Manley, discussed "The Injurious Effects 
of Foreign Money on Native Workers;" the 
other, by a Methodist brother, C. B. Ward, 
described " Self-support in Yellandu." 

At the close of the reading of these papers 
several members were eager for discussion, 
but the arrival of the breakfast hour pre- 
cluded prolonging the session. However, 
the questions they wanted to ask kept till 
the afternoon session. Dr. Downie clearly 
set forth **The Pre-requisites for Self-sup- 
port," and Bro. Wheeler Boggess told from 
experience what are " The Practical Steps to 

Now the way was clear and the action 
began. Every brother wanted his say, and 
most every brother got it. He who did not 
get it was prevented solely because the time 
was too short to permit further speaking. 
The subject was discussed in all its bear- 
ings; the brethren were earnest, and seeking 
for light; they differed widely at times and 
agreed strikingly at others. Everybody was 
good-natured at the beginning and kept so 
all the way through. The spirit of the 
whole was delightful, and ever)' one wanted 
to see words put into action. Accordingly 
a committee was appointed to formulate 
the sentiments of the conference concerning 
the subject and at a subsequent meeting 
reported. Your scribe thinks self-support 
was placed several notches ahead on this 

In the evening Bro. W. A. Stanton deliv- 
ered a most excellent address, '-The Supreme 
A^eedxxi Missions." This is the Holy Spirit 
— not power, love, zeal, but \\-\t. person. 

The third day, Saturday, was mainly 
devoted to business. Time for three ad- 

dresses was found, however. Dr. McLaurin 
gave "A Few Glimpses of Northern India 
from a Missionary Stand-point." Mrs. 
Downie read a paper on "Telugu Music" in 
which she recounted some of the experiences 
arising in the work of setting Telugu hymns 
to music. Consider the difficulties connected 
with seven-eighths time. Try to beat it and 
you have an example. Mrs. McLaurin 
made a plea for more of the Bible in all our 
work. A social gathering and song service 
in the evening were highly enjoyed after the 
travels and labors of the week. You can 
judge of the cosmopolitan character of the 
Telugu mission when 1 tell you there were 
songs sung in seven different languages — 
English, Welsh, Scotch, Swedish, German, 
Russian and Telugu. 

:> The fourth day, Sunday, was given to rest 
and worship. In the forenoon a devotional 
meeting in English and a Telugu sermon. 
In the afternoon a Telugu prayer-meeting 
and a Scripture exposition in English. In 
the evening a sermon in English from 
Rom. 1 : 16, and an after-meeting in which 
several from the mixed congregation sought 
Christ — two soldiers, a merchant and a 
Hindu among the number. It was a day of 
rich things and great blessing. The fifth 
day was devoted wholly to business. Re- 
ports of committees, new business, arrange- 
ments for a Telugu convention to meet at 
Ramapatam in August, reading the minutes, 
etc., made a full day. 

In every way the conference was enjoy- 
able. .Many pronounced it "the best we 
ever held,'' and one of our oldest and most 
honored missionaries said, "It is the only 
conference I have attended in which I wanted 
to be present at every session." It was 
excellent from first to last. 



npHE missionary enterprise, which has 
for its object the conversion of the 
whole world to Christ, is unquestionably 
the sublimest of all human enterprises. 
There is a " moral grandeur " about it, to 
use President Wayland's phrase, that ap- 
peals to all noble souls. It is difficult to 
estimate the progress already made and 
to tabulate the splendid results already 
achieved, including the development of the 
missionary sentiment in Christian lands as 
an essential element in all true religion, the 
multiplication of missionary societies until 
now every living and thriving communion 
has its own organization, the heroic struggles 
of men and women and their endurance unto 
imprisonment and death, which make our 
missionary annals the most thrilling, fasci- 
nating and inspiring records of human his- 
tory-, the gradual removal of obstacles and 
diminution of perils, the opening of the 
nations to the entrance of the Gospel before 
the onward march of Christians of every 
name until, with the single exception of 
Tibet, the whole world is accessible to 
the followers of Christ, and the ingathering 
of hundreds of thousands and even mil- 
lions within the fold of the world's only 

There are now about 150 missionary 

societies prosecuting the work which William 

Carey began. They have a working force 

of more than 14,000 missionaries in foreign 

lands, who are assisted by nearly 52,000 

native helpers, ordained and unordained. 

The number of native Christians is estimated 

at 1,250,000, and this is in addition to the 

many thousands who have died in the 

triumphs of the Christian faith, and the vast 

multitudes who have been brought in many 

lands under the elevating influences of 

Christianity, but have not thus far come 

into open connection with the churches. 

The Bible has been translated into all the 

principal languages and dialects of the 
world. Self-supporting churches have be- 
come the centres of moral light and spiritual 
power. Christian schools, not dissimilar 
from schools in Christian lands, and in 
many instances more positively Christian, 
are attracting in great numbers the rising 
generation, even the children of heathen 
parents, and are wielding a mighty influence. 
Colleges and theological seminaries have 
sprung into being. There are lands, like 
India, Burma and Japan, which, according 
to the testimony of their own writers, have 
become permeated with the life of Christ in 
their laws, customs and institutions. They 
have already entered upon a new civiliza- 
tion. The leaven of the Gospel is spreading 
through the whole life of great peoples. 

The question was recently asked of an 
intelligent Japanese, " Is Christianity mak- 
ing progress in your empire ? " The reply 
was, "If you mean. Are the churches grow- 
ing ? I must say, not very fast ; but if you 
mean. Is the kingdom of God extending.? 
the reply must be. It is extending in every 
direction and with great rapidity." It may 
be said that the foundations of Christianity 
have now been laid in all heathen lands, and 
the superstructure will rise more rapidly into 
sight. The edge of the wedge is inserted, 
and it will be driven home by continued 
prayer and consecration, to the sundering 
of the solid mass of heathenism. The sacri- 
fice of life, the labors, the contributions of 
the past hundred years have planted the 
divine seed, which will spring up in an 
ever increasing harvest to the glory of God 
and the redemption of the nations. The 
soil in many places has been filled with the 
living word of God, and it is only waiting 
for the quickening rains of heaven. It is 
not too much to say that, when another 
century of such blessing and such rapid 
progress shall end, starting from such vantage 


Growth At Home Coincident with Progress Abroad 

ground as we have now gained, heathenism 
in its organized systems will have disap- 
peared from the face of the earth. 

Our own denomination, having had the 
honor of founding in England the first 
Foreign Missionary Society in modern times, 
has, there and here, borne some honorable 
part in the prosecution of the work, and had 
some honorable share in its increase and 
marvellous prosperity. The gleaning hand 
of a divine providence has been conspicuous 
in it all. Our missionaries and our mission 
fields have not been of our own seeking, but 
of (}od's appointing. God has forced the 
one upon us, and thrust us into the other. 
Judson and Rice were ready-made mission- 
aries, thrown, in the providence of God, upon 
the denomination, so that there was nothing 
left to do but to assume their support and em- 
bark in the new enterprise. Burma, India, 
Germany, Sweden and Africa were opened 
to us by the hand of the Almighty, and we 
were guided and pushed into their territory 
as clearly as ever Europe was opened to the 
apostle Paul by means of the vision of the 
man from Macedonia. And the visible re- 
sults of our labors and expenditures bear 
blessed testimony to the reward which (iod 
is sure to give to patience and undiscouraged 
faith. There are men still living who saw 
the beginning of our foreign missionary 
operations in this countrj', whose eyes have 
watched the onward march of providential 
events, and now look out upon the golden 
opportunity of all the centuries in our mis- 
sion fields. 

The Baptists of the North are now con- 
tributing to foreign work from five to seven 
hundred thousand dollars annually. The 
Baptists of the South raise about $175,000 
more. This is not in either case anything 
like what it ought to be, but it shows that 
the Baptists of this country are giving more 
than one-twentieth of the amount annually 
expended by all Christians for the spread of 
the Gospel in heathen lands. We are sup- 
porting about 500 missionaries, more than 

2,000 native pastors and helpers, have more 
than 1,700 mission churches, which have 
200,000 members, and report in excess of 
12,000 baptisms each year. We are sup- 
porting, wholly or in part, six theological 
seminaries in Europe and Asia, and three 
colleges, in which an intelligent native minis- 
try is being rapidly raised up for the supply 
of the churches and the further work of 
evangelization. It may be added that such 
has been the ble.ssing of God upon our 
efforts that our missionary history is studied 
by all Christians, who find in it abundant 
occasion for devout gratitude and an irre- 
sistible incentive to enlarged effort. The 
names of our missionaries shine brightly 
among the heroes and martyrs of the modem 
church. God has given to us a missionary 
history of which no Baptist need be ashamed 
They only need blush in shame who have 
had little or no part in making it. 

But what is the condition of our denomi- 
nation in this country.'* The sacrifices and 
offerings which have been made, instead of 
crippling and impoverishing us, have only 
brought down heaven's gracious benediction 
upon our home field. The increase at home, 
which has been so marked, not to say mar- 
vellous, has been by a divine law of com- 
pensation in God's spiritual kingdom, the 
result in no small degree of the effort and 
distribution abroad. If we had done noth- 
ing, we should have had nothing. If we 
had not sought to water others, we should 
not have been watered ourselves. The con- 
secration of our tithes has opened the ver}* 
windows of heaven above us, and for our 
little gifts for others God has given us in 
return full measure, pressed down, shaken 
together and running over. Our denomina- 
tion in this country which, in 1812, the year 
in which Dr. Judson was baptized in Seram- 
pore, numbered less than 1 73,000 members, 
has grown in eighty-five years to the enor- 
mous dimensions of 4,000,000. We then 
had no theological seminary : we now have 
seven. We then had one public college, 

Graivth At Home Coincitient ivith Progress Abroad 


Brown University; we now have thirty-six 
colleges and universities, twenty-nine colleges 
and seminaries for the education of young 
women exclusively, sixty-four academies and 
thirty-three institutions for the education of 
Negroes and Indians; in all, one-hundred 
and sixty-nine institutions, attended by 
36,000 pupils, owning properties valued at 
$15,600,000, and possessing endowments of 
more than $18,600,000, while our church 
properties are estimated at between eighty 
and eighty-five million dollars. 

The number of baptisms in connection 
with our churches is about 200,000 a year, a 
number exceeding the whole denomination 
in America seventy-five years ago. There 
are eight States in the South which have 
upwards of 200,000 Baptists each, and two 
which have more than 300,000. In New 
York State, the largest in the North (though 
it will not long remain so, so rapid is the 
growth in the West) there are 145,000 mem- 
bers in our churches. Our people are paying 
for the support of worship and the Sunday- 
school more than $8,000,000 a year, and 
for missions, both home and foreign, educa- 
tion and other objects, about $3,500,000. 
Next to the Methodists we are the largest 
Protestant denomination in the country, and 
are receiving the largest annual increase. 

Certainly no one can say that we have 
l^en weakened or impoverished by our effort 
to s^nd Christ's Gospel to other nations. 
We have been enriched, and enlarged, and 
multiplied many fold. Our increase has 
vastly exceeded the increase of the popula- 
tion of our country. This growth and en- 
largement, this numerical and financial 
strength at home, has been coincident with 
the marvellous returns abroad for the invest- 
ment which we have made. No, a thousand 
times, no. We have not been wasteful or 
extravagant. We have not done too much. 
Would that we had done more for God and 
for our needy fellow-men, for the glory of 
our exalted Savior and for the uplifting of a 
degraded humanity! Indeed, we must do 

more. Our benevolence is not keeping pace 
with the demands which God is making 
upon it by the very successes which he has 
given us, or with our astonishing denomina- 
tional growth. Opportunity and ability 
alike urge us forward. A great emergency 
is upon us, which calls for a fuller consecra- 
tion of heart and means and life to the 
progress of Christ's kingdom. We need to 
have more intelligent and Christian views 
of Christ's claims upon every disciple, a 
fuller and more grateful appreciation of 
what Christ has done for us here in Chris- 
tian America, and a more responsive sympa- 
thy for those of our race who are in such 
distressing need of the elevating, purifying 
and hope-inspiring Go.spel which is in our 

No man and no nation can be saved alone. 
The evidence of our salvation is the interest 
we feel in the salvation of others. To pos- 
sess the truth is to be under the most sacred 
obligation to spread the truth. We may 
question the reality of our personal hope in 
Christ, if we can contemplate unmoved 
the destitute and hopeless condition of our 
fellowmen. The most sublime, the most 
Christlike, the most successful work that is 
being done in this world to-day is the work 
of Christian missions. Men may be indiffer- 
ent to it, but their indifference is a serious 
reflection upon their wisdom and the sin- 
cerity of their professed love for God and 
man. Men may say thoughtlessly they 
don't believe in it, but their unbelief is dis- 
loyalty to the commands of Jesus Christ, 
and treason against his rightful sovereignty 
of the world. Men may doubt the ultimate 
triumph of the work of Christian missions 
and the world-wide spread of the Gospel, 
but they do it in defiance of the distinct 
promise and the unlimited resources of the 
Almighty. '' Of the increase of His govern- 
ment and peace there shall be no end . . . 
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform 



/^OING straight to a centre where a church 

was organized in Decem!)er, we put up 

for over Sunday. The word was sent out to 


the surrounding ullages, and I was de- 
lighted with the gathering. About three 
hundred persons from twelve villages met for 
worship. Instead of one long sermon we 
had four short ones, between which, the chil- 
dren sung hymns ; and we had one solo. 
At the close I gave picture cards to the little 
ones. The collection amounted to Rs. 3. 
13.7., consisting of four kinds of grain, vege- 
tables, eggs (good and bad), fowls, and ghee. 
Many friendly heathen "sat on the outside 
of the Christian circle and listened through 
the entire service, and gave some toward 
the collection. After the ser\nce was over 
there was preaching in parts of the grove all 
afternoon. I believe we will have a self-sup- 
porting church here before the year is over. 
The collection is put toward the tniilding 
fund for a church in this place. Monday 
noon seventeen were baptized. 

Delegates from north, south, and west 
came requesting me to go to their villages, as 
many people were believing and requesting 
baptism. After consultatation with the 
preachers and teachers present we turned 
our faces toward the setting sun, and didn't 
I get a scorching that afternoon. 



At 5 P.M. forty-three were ' baptized, and 
from this camp several villages were visited. 
Here again delegates came from the north re- 
questing us to go to their village. But the call 
seemed ** Go south ! " and so we started into 
the new untouched part of my field. Over 
a desperate road, between the mountains, we 
came to large grove of tamarind trees and 
pitched our camp. Six men with presents 
of eggs and fowls from a village some five 
miles south arrived during the day to request 

me to come to their village to preach. There 
are no Christians in their village, and seldom 
has a preacher visited them. They had 
gone to a number of villages looking for 
me. 1 could not refuse such a call, so after 
having meetings in two of the out caste ham- 
lets of this village and a good night^s rest 
we went with them. The head man came 
and took me through the whole village, and 
then I went to the outcaste parts and had a 
splendid meeting. They all want to become 
Christians and want to be baptized. But 
we told them what trouble might come, as 
they must do the servile work at the wor- 
ship of the idols, killing the sacrifice, beat* 
ing the tom-toms, etc., and the caste people 
would be very angry if they refused to do it. 
They were told of repentance toward God 
and faith in Jesus. Next morning was spent 
in the .same manner, and then I had to go to 
another village from which a request had 
come that I visit them. Here the Madi- 
gas in two hamlets said they wished to 
become Christians. Here also the whole 
matter was laid before them. In the after- 
noon wc had quite an important meeting. 
The males from three different Madiga ham- 
lets came requesting baptism, saying they 
believed in (rod and in His Son. As all 
were new to us we decided to test them first 
by cutting off the tuft of hair which Hindus 
wear on the crown of the head, and so I 
went into the tonsorial art for the space of 
an hour. Some of tliem had come fiv^ miles 
to have their hair cut. We then went to a 
large Madiga hamlet where they declared 
themselves ready to become Christians, but 
when it came to cutting off the juttu (the 
tuft of hair) they seemed in doubt, so I 
refused at once to cut them. Then I went 
to the Mala hamlet, where in the light of the 
new moon. l)eside the temple of Ramas- 
wamy, we proclaimed the glorious Gospel. 


A Mission Tour 

Next morning I went and cut the juttus of 
the Madigas who faltered the night before. 
Two preachers were left with them for the 
day, and we went on in among the foot 
hilLs of the eastern Ghauts. Camping in 
a grove between two villages we met the 
m.iles of both, and they expressing them- 
selves as much interested, requested us to 
come again and to send a preacher or 
teacher. The Malas were even more inter- 
ested. I had a meeting in the home of one 
of them. But there were other villages west 
just under the mountain, and so, though not 
invited, we went to them. My back ached 
with jolting over the stones and my head 
with the heat, but there was inspiration in 
climbing the hills and getting views of the 
villages lying in the valleys about. Now we 
came to a large village, in fact a town, and 
what a mob followed us ! Wc had a night's 
rest, and the town gathered near our tent in 
the morning, so we had our audience without 
going for it. Seated under the trees, we 
told of the one true and living God, and 
the Son of His love. Caste and outcaste 
listened to us until we were tired, and all the 
preachers had a chance to speak. Then the 
head man showed me his town. I visited in 
all fifty-four villages, thirty-nine of them 

being new, while the preachers went to a 
number more. With the exception of two 
Madiga hamlets, every hamlet and village 
gave us a good hearing, most of them ear- 
nestly requesting us to come again, and to 
send preachers and teachers. In all, three 
hundred in this new part declared themselves 
as ready to become Christians. We cut the 
juttus off one hundred and forty-one. Dur- 
ing the whole trip, one hundred and .sixty- 
three were baptized from .seven villages. Of 
these one hundred and one were from the 
heathen, the balance from Christian popula- 
tion. Ten idol houses were demolished, and 
the household gods were removed from some 

This was a hard trip: the heat, the 
rough mountain roads, and no roads at all; 
small groves to camp in, and at times in the 
open fields, without a tree for shelter, and 
continual preaching. But it was indeed in- 
spiring the way the people received us. At 
first, in some places, afraid of us, they urged 
us to remain longer after knowing why we 
came. The little children in the newyiUages 
Hcd from me, and it was a joy to get back to 
where we had Christians, and to have tiie 
little ones rush out to meet mc. 

Chinesk Stability. — The direct personal 
responsibility of the Kmperor to heaven for 
the quality of his rule ; the exaltation of tlic 
people as of more importance than the 
rulers ; the doctrine that the virtuous and 
al)le sliould be the nilers, and that their rule 
must be based upon virtue ; tlie comprehen- 
sive thcorv of the five relations of men to 
each other ; the doctrine tliat no one should 
do to another what he would not have tliat 
other do to him — these points have stood 
out like mountain-peaks from the general 
level of Chinese thought, and have attracted 
the attention of all observers. We wish to 
j)lace emphasis upon the moral excellencies 
of the Confucian system, for it is only by 

putting those excellencies in their true light 
that we can hope to arrive at any just com- 
prehension of the Chinese people. Tliose 
excellencies have made the Chinese preemi- 
nently amenable to moral forces. The em- 
ployment of the classical writings in the civil 
service examinations for successive ages has 
unified the minds of the people to a mar- 
vellous degree, and the powerful motives 
thus brou<^ht into play, leading every candi- 
date for a degree to hope for the stability of 
the government as a prerequisite to his own 
success, has doubtless been a principal factor 
in the perpetuation of the Chinese* people to 
this present time. — From •* Chinese Char^ 
actcristics," hy Rev. A. H. Smith, D,D. 


'TPHE opening took place on the lolli of 
February, 1897. It was ah occasion 
of more than usual interest, because it is the 
lirst institution of the kind in our Telugu 
Mission. In front of the main building of 
ihe hospital a large tent was erected, in 
which the dedication serx'ices were held. 
After singing the hj-mn "All Hail the 
Power of Jesus' Name,"" selections of Script- 
ure were read by the Rev. ¥. H. Levering 
and prayer otTered hy the Rev. S. K. 

furnish medical aid to Zenana women who 
cannot, as a rule, get it in any other way. 
He also gave a brief historj* of the steps lead- 
ing up to the building of the hospital. 

.\rr, Meyer, the Collector of the District 
of Nellore, made an address of presentaiion, 
concluding as follows : 

" And now, ladies and gentlemen, speak- 
ing for myself, 1 must remind you of the 
great benefits the American Baptist Mission 
and its local agents. Dr. and Mrs. Downle, 


Burgess, Chaplain of Nellore. Rev. David 
Downie, D.D.. then made an address stat- 
ing that the hospital owes its existence to the 
Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionary Society 
of Boston, and that ihe Board had a three- 
fold object in view in entering this branch of 
missionary work. (1 ) A hospital for women 
and children. (2) A training institution 
for native mid-wives and nurses. (3) To 

Dr. Clough, and the band of devoted men 
and women they have gathered around 
them, have conferred on this district. I am 
not now concerned wilii the religious work 
of the mission. That is a topic thai would 
be out of place in an assemblage like this, 
where I see happily gathered together repre- 
sentatives of various creeds, and diverse 
modes of thought. liut there is a verse of 


A Good Association 

our Christian Scriptures that is appropriate 
on this occasion, ' By tlieir fruits ye sliall 
know tliem." Wlien we see these American 
ladii^s and gentlemen coming thousands of 
miles from their homes to labor among an 
alien people; settling down, some of them, 
in remote towns and villages where they can 
rarely hope to see another member of their 
own race, devoting themselves to the spread 
of instruction among the poor, to the eleva- 

tion of a class hitherto regarded as almost 
outside the pale of civilization, and estab- 
lishing such hospitals as this which Mrs. 
Grose is about to open, then I think we may 
safely say that these American missionaries 
are doing good both to God and man." 

The Hon. Mrs. Jaiiiea Grose, of Madras, 
formerly of Nellore, then formally opened the 
hospital, and handed the key lo Dr. Ida 
Faye Levering, the physician in charge. 


REV. A. BUNltEK, D.l 

T HAVE just returned from attendance on 
■*■ the Northern Bghai Association and a 
tour among the churches. I took the trip 
with fear and trembling, but by great care 
and stow travelling I have returned quite as 
well as when I left Toungoo, and have been 
able to do a great deal of very necessary 
work, while Mr. Hcptonstall has been at 
work in the south and among the Brecs. 
The meetings of this Association were 
amonn; the best I ever attended in Toungoo. 
and among the most encouraging. A spirit 
of pen*aded the meetings such 
as 1 have seldom seen. The Association 
was entertained for two days, at an e.tpense 
of nearly three hundred rupees, by a church 
in n village where seven years ago there 
was only the densest ignorance, superstition, 
and heathenism. The church now numbers 
more than sixty members, and a happier body 
of Christians 1 have never seen in Burma. 
The heathen from outlving villages were 


present in numbers, and seemed greatly 
impressed, and already there are many more 
applicants for teachers than we can supply. 
Mr. Heptonstall is visiting them now to do 
what he can for them. We have now visited, 
or shall have visited, nearly the wHole field 
occupied by the mission when Mr. Hepton- 
stall returns, if he is able to carry out his 
present plans. The statistics of the two 
Associations are not yet made up, but there 
are two hundred baptisms reported, — a 
large increase from .imong the heathen. 
This makes four hundred and twenty-tive 
baptisms on this field the last two years. 
The contributions remain about the same, 
but a movement has been begun among the 
leading men of the mission looking to a 
relief of the school debt. The Myoke, or 
local governor of the Karen hills, heads the 
movement. 1 cannot tell yet bow successful 
it will be. 




'1^17'HEN speaking of the native Christians 

I am often asked **What are thev 

like ? " » * Are they real ? " * * Do they stand t '' 

or ** Do they become Christians 
Sacrifice for -^ 

Christ fron^ some ulterior motive, or for 

some earthly advantage?" 1 may 
say, these people who desire to become 
Christians have no offer of earthly gain 
afforded to them ; on the contrary, to become 
a Christian in China means temporal loss, 
for no one is admitted to our Church mem- 
bership unless he is willing to forego Sunday 
labor. This means giving up a seventh of 
his income right away, and more than that, 
for if he worked on Sunday his food would 
be provided in' addition to his daily wage, 
which he has irow himself to provide. He 
has to endure persecution sometimes of the 
bitterest nature, and often has to sacrifice 
his dearest friends, his nearest relatives, and 
his worldly possessions. 

Liu-ba-ko was my servant, and at the time 
of the Ch'eng-ku riot in 1892 he was pulled 
out by the angry mob into the street, was 
thrown down, kicked, bruised, his cue torn 
out by the roots, and was left for dead on the 
roadway. When afterwards I expressed a 
word of sympathy with him, and told him 
how sorry I was for this persecution, his 
battered fece was lit up with a holy joy, as 
he said, ** Pastor, the Lord Jesus suffered 
and died on the cross for me, and this little 
suffering for Him is too trivial to count." 

Chang-muh-tsiang is a carpenter, and was 
one of our earliest converts. An opium 
smoker for twenty-seven years, a moral and 
physical wreck, he entered the preaching 
hall, and listened to the precious Gospel story 
from the lips of Mr. Pearse. He had tried 
hard to break himself of the terrible ojjium 
habit, but all his efforts were futile, so he was 
specially interested to hear the missionary tell 
the congregation assembled that Christ was 

a Savior not only from the guilt and punish- 
ment of sin, but also from the power of it. 
This man became an earnest enquirer, and 
after a hard struggle he was able to accept 
Christ as his Savior and to break the band 
which bound him. So humble and loving 
in nature, he was spoken of as ♦• loh-han " 
(John), because he reminded us so much of 
the beloved disciple. Saved himself he 
longed for the salvation of others, and it was 
interesting to see hifn, after any service, at 
the door, with his fingers in the buttonhole of 
some stranger, and with an earnest, pleading 
countenance, trying, to interest his hearer in 
the precious Savior whom he had found. 
Ignorant at first, he - gave himself ver)' 
earnestly to the learning of the Chinese char- 
acter, and was soon able to read much of the 
New Testament and hymn-book. 

A little later in the history of this work, 
when it seemed specially desirable to send 
„ _.. some one to the neighboring 

Missionary ci^y Si-hsiang-hsien, two days' 
journey distant, to preach the 
Gospel to many who had become interested, 
we gathered our little band of Christians to- 
gether, told them of these people who had 
listened to the Word gladly, and asked if 
they could not raise sufficient money and 
send one of their own number to carry on 
this hopeful work. It takes about five thou- 
sand members in America to send forth one 
missionary, and it seemed no small thing to 
ask this little church of seventy members so 
recently gathered out of heathendom to send 
out and support their own missionary. We 
were not disappointed, however, for after 
much earnest prayer they decided to send 
Chang-muh-tsiang to Si-hsiang-hsien, and 
support him by their united contributions. 
Mr. Chang continued this work for three 
months, with occasional visits from my 
brother and seli. From the first the Lord's 


My Missionary Experience 

richest blessing rested upon his efforts, and 
an interested company of enquirers was 
gathered together. He returned to Ch'eng- 
ku at the end of three months, as desired by 
the Church, and gave report concerning the 

Even now I seem to see his tall, wan figure 
upon the platform of our little chapel, and 
his earnest, searching glance, as in his 
unique way he commenced, ** Brethren, how 
long have I been in Si-hsiang-hsien ? " 
* * Three months " was the reply which came 
from several of the listeners. ** No,-' he 
said, **I have been there eighteen months;'' 
and as we wondered how he would make his 
statement good, he told us how that a year 
and a half before, in his little cottage yonder, 
the burden of this heathen city was laid 
upon his heart, and unknown to anybody he 
there and then dedicated himself to God for 
this special work. Said he, **This cover- 
ing (meaning the body) truly has only been 
there three months, but my heart has been 
there eighteen months." The ne.xt Sunday 
we had an ordination service, and he was 
appointed an evangelist for the Si-hsiang 
district. There he continues to-day, and 
largely as result of his faithful labors a 
church of about fifty memberJi has been 

I left this station early in 1894, 

AmeHca ° ^*°^ ^^ purpose of completing my 
medical studies in America, leav- 
ing my dear brother again the only male 
missionary in charge of this growing work. 
It was a grave step to take at this juncture, 
but the desirability of further medical quali- 
fication grew upon me daily. Although able 
to relieve a large number of the patients who 
daily visited the dispensary, yet it was ever 
my sad lot to be brought face to face with 
suffering and death, which could easily have 
been alleviated or prevented by more efficient 
equipment. I therefore made it a matter 
of earnest prayer that God would, if it 
were His will, open the way for the acquisi- 
tion of this knowledge, to be used for His 

glory. Former experience affords me abun- 
dant evidence of the value of medical mis- 
sionary work as an evangelistic agency. I 
believe the medical missionary has an en- 
larged influence, for he is often invited to 
official residences and to the homes of the 
wealthy, to which otherwise he would not 
probably have access; and in seeking to 
relieve the sufferings of those whom he 
attends professionally he is able to remove 
prejudice and make known his message. 
To the poorer people his influence is per- 
haps still larger in the removal of prejudice 
and suspicion. While my brother and I 
were one evening walking outside the city 
wall, we heard the cry, *♦ lang-kuei-tsP' 


(foreign devil) from two small boys, some 
distance from us. We did not pay much 
attention, as we were accustomed to such 
opprobriums as these, until we heard a man 
say to the lads, ** Don't insult those foreign 
teachers, they are good men ; when my wife 
was dying they came and saved her, and 
she is well to-day." 

Another advantage of this work is that it 
brings people from remote and sparsely 
populated districts. On one of my journeys 
I called at a house which stood absolutely 
alone among the mountains. Asking the 
man who lived there if he knew anvthin^ 
about ** the holy religion of Jesus," he 
showed me a Christian book which he had 
purchased at our dispensar)', and inside of 
which was attached his prescription paper. 
I believe this is an illustration of hundreds 
of lonely homes, into which the preached 
and printed message has thus gained access. 

Further, this work brings the missionary 
into contact with the aged and the dying, 
who, humanly speaking, could not otherwise 
be brought under the influence of the Gospel. 
I have in mind many such, who seemed 
peculiarly prepared by the Holy Spirit for 
the reception of Gospel truth, and though 
they will never be numbered in missionary 
statistics I feel sur6 their names are written 
in the Lamb's Book of Life. 



TJ^INE nEETINQS were held in Rama- 
^ patam at the beginning of the new year. 
Brother Ferguson and 1 agreed that we 
should begin the new year's work with a se- 
ries of evangelistic and consecration meet- 
ings, so after the students had returned from 
their Christmas vacation, we waited upon 
the Lord for his blessing, and an outpouring 
of the Holy Spirit upon ourselves and the 
Seminary. We were not disappointed. The 
meetings have done us personally much good, 
and I firmly believe that many of the stu- 
dents were raised to a higher spiritual level. 
Some of the confessions which we are ac- 
customed to hear on such occasions were 
again heard, but I have reason to believe 
that the cause of purity and righteousness 
and holiness received a new impetus at that 
time. Unobserved by them, I have been 
watching several bands of students going up 
to the chapel every day after recitations were 
over to supplement their day's work by com- 
munion and fellowship with God. I do not 
know for what special blessing they are pray- 
ing, for 1 do not intrude, but I rejoice over 
the spirit of the boys, and I am sure there is 
rejoicing in heaven. 

Field Work is, and will ever be, a joy 
to me. Thus far, I have been able only to 
\isit those places where small churches have 
been established, i.e., Badipudy, Gudlur, 
Tetta, and Sanempudi. A little account of 
my Wsit to the latter place will give you a 
fair idea of the work we have to do on such 

The tent is sent away on Friday to be 
pitched and ready for occupation on Satur- 
day, after the work in the Seminary is over. 
^ly two boys, aged si.x and five years re- 
spectively, accompany me, because the joy 
and privilege of their companionsliip is to a 
large degree denied me during the steady 

routine of the week's work, and they help 
me to draw a crowd. The women are 
always attracted by them, and are thus 
gained as hearers. The other half of our 
little family, z.^., wife and little daughters, 
remain at the station, where my wife meets 
with the young people for prayer and song- 
service. The distance to Sanempudi is fif- 
teen miles, partly over a good and partly 
over a sandy road, and through a river. A 
number of Christians meet us at the high 
road, and conduct us with much apparent 
joy to this village. The coming of their 
missionary will give them not only an oppor- 
tunity of hearing God's word and of cele- 
brating the Lord's Supper, but of receiving 
advice and encouragement in their many 
perplexing experiences. We are too weary 
from the fifteen miles of jolting in a country 
cart to begin services that same evening. 
We try to gather strength for the coming 
day's work in refreshing sleep, but, as is so 
often the case in such places, mosquitoes, 
dogs, pigs,^and heat drive sleep away, and it 
is with body And mind unrefreshed that the 
day's work is begun. Soon after rising the 
tent is besieged with visitors, and by seven 
o'clock the first service of the day is begun. 
In this case at Sanempudi, there is a little 
chapel to be dedicated, and as it is largely the 
work of the people, and constructed largely 
at their own expense, they are very proud 
and jubilant, and each person seems to have 
a sort of proprietorship in the neat little 
palm-decorated building. A little temporary 
veranda was constructed for the accommoda- 
tion of the heathen, who turned out in large 
numbers to the service. My text was, " I 
am the way, the truth, and the life,'' and a 
more eager and appreciative audience can 
liardlv he imaijined. Then followed the col- 
lection, which was something new in this 

Thi Pastor and Missions 


fruits of the harvest were 
one man brought a large 
loked rice for the children who 
The Lord's Supper was cele- 
i number of candidates exam- 
sm, after which the increasing 
d us to return to the tent. 
lock the village officials and a 
mber of Sudras and Brahmans 
nt, and we had another meeting 
ses. A number of Christian 
clayed by my servant on the 
e singing of our Seminary 
bv this time had come to the 
I force. Our theoretical work 
lary is thus supplemented by 
pastoral experiences, by which 
ind Christians are much bene- 
ireached another sermon, this 
I text, ** Come unto me all ye 
d are heavv laden, and I will 
' A number of questions were 

asked the heathen, which convinced me that 
the right subject had been touched upon, and 
that these poor people bear burdens which 
Hinduism cannot remove. 

This large congregation were then my 
witnesses as I descended with six persons 
into the river, to bury them in the likeness 
of Chrtst's death and resurrection. The 
ceremony made a profound impression. After 
this, there was another communion service in 
my tent, in which the newly baptized and 
late arrivals from the surrounding villages 
participated. Another visit was hastily made 
to the Christian pallem, a conversation con- 
ducted with the Brahim Kurnam {accoun- 
tant) and the village munsiif (judge) in the 
presence of a large audience, a few courte- 
sies exchanged, a number of reque3ts heard, 
counsel administered to the Christians, and 
as the sun was sinking in the west we went 
on our homeward journey, accompanied by a 
large number of our brethren. 


t above every other thing that 
istor^hall be himself mission- 
and in life. Even a pastor, 
ted leader of the people, may 
rtory way preach on **The 
and take **lhe annual collec- 
lay in half-heartedness tell his 
they owe something to the 
the brethren on the foreign 
lost race ; but that does not 
a man's very being is on fire 
ine others catch the feeling, 
presents it in an insipid man- 
} fall cold. The pastor ought 
g,' breathing, burning sermon 
n this great subject. He need 
)eople, either, how much he is 
rhey will find it out. Oh, pas- 
see whether you really mean 

it when you preach missions ! See whether 
there is spiritual power in the sermon, as 
there would be, surely, if you were in earn- 
est^ See whether it is a delight, or simply 
a duty, to try to lead your people into this 
blessed service. If not, then sit more at 
the feet of the Teacher, and spend more 
time in communing with the God of Mis- 
sions, and come forth so burdened with the 
message that your very frame will tremble 
under its weight, so surcharged that you will 
electrify your people. It needs hardly to be 
added that this kind of earnestness will 
always tell in the pastor's leading his people 
in giving — not necessarily in giving more 
than any other, though this is often the case, 
but in setting them the examj)U> of regular, 
systematic giving. — The Forcii^u Mission 


npHE prospects of our work here and sur- 
rounding dislricts were never brighter. 
God seems working in the hearts of ihe 
jjeople and creating an interest in the gospel. 
Last year during the riots in Szchuan. the 
boat with our Vachau friends was attacked 
by a mob at a market town about twenty 
miles below Suifu. The people have always 
been more or less opposed to us there, but 
since last year things seem to have under- 
gone a change, and the people seem getting 
more friendly. We had news a few days 
ago of quite a number of men from there 
who desire to understand more of (he gospel. 
About ten names have been handed in, and 
we are now visiting them, and trying to help 
them to a clearer knowledge of the gospel. 
We purpose sending one of our church mem- 
bers there every Lord's day, who will conduct 
service and instruct tlie inquirers. We have 
suggested to these men to find some place 
where they can meet together, and we shall 
find them a leader. Mr. Salquist and myself 
will of course pay occasional visits, and thus 
try to develop and extend the work. Our 
object is to make this work independent, 
and carried on by the natives as far as prac- 
ticable. Such work I hope will not be 
chargeable lo the Home Board and not add 

Work breaking out in this city where we 
least e.>:pected it gives so much enc()urage- 
ment, and we hope and pray that a real 
work for God may spring up there, and 


many be turned trom darkness ( 
We also propose opening another cii 
twenty miles more below the aboi 
One of our most promising tnembei 
from there, and several residents ha 
the gospel, and bvorable impressio 
made from time to lime by our e 
and odrselves going there. The 1 
come for us to advance, 1 think, aj 
will be lost should we hold back no' 
best to strike the iron while it is hot 
Just as I write this Ihe literary i 
tions for degree of B.A. are being 
the cit)', many thousands of stude 
ing gathered from the whole prefecti 
to this present everything is perfect 
Never during my experience of sev 
in Suifu have I seen the students so 
to the preaching of the gospel. - Oi 
chapels are filled daily with as re^ 
and attentive company as could be 
This is very encouraging to us. and 
good hope for the future, I am I 
take advantage of this opportunity, 
terest some of the lilerali in the go; 
for this purpose have offered priM 
best five essays on the tenets of Chr 
I put a gospel and one other book 
hands of each, and ask them to di 
contents, and then give me the r 
paper. 1 trust by this means lo br 
nitely before their minds the great ir 
fundamental principles of the gos; 
thus lead some to Christ. 


IT may seem a very simple thing to say, 
but it has been a great revelation to me 
ihal shall means shall, and never means 
nrvir, and thirst means thirst. It canies 
n>c bacic to an afternoon in a Chinese city, 
>>Iiei¥ alone f was reading this chapter, oh, 
w hungry, so disappointed with my own life, 
mv own service, wishing I could throw it all 
up, feeling it was hardly honest of me to go 
on preaching Christ to these poor heathen, 
"hile I felt myself not fully saved, while I 
knew thai, if temptation came in certain 
directions, I should inevitably fall. How 
(ould [ go on telling the Chinese that Christ 
ws a perfect Savior and could help theni 
>' all times, when I knew that there was 
scarcely a day when I was not betrayed into 
iTilability of temper, or in some other ways 
iHit my heart told me were displeasing to 
God? 1 knew a good many flood tides, but 
lh( ebb tides came too, and the ebb was 
often greater than the flood. That day the 
Holy Spirit showed me in a fresh light thai 
syi mean -shall," and never means 
"never" and thirst means "thirst"; and 
went on to say further, not only ' ■ lihall never 
lliirst." but ■' the water that I shall give him 
shall be in him, — shall abide in him, "be 
/« him, a well," a spring, springing up, over- 
flomng. How long ? " Unto everlasting 

I )ust accepted the Master's word, and 
nilh a joy that I can never, never tell (and 
that 1 never think of without ^'rntitude as 1 

go back to that lime in tny study in Cliina 
in the winter of '68, or the early days of '69, 

I sprang from my chair. Oh, how I did 
praise God ! 

•' PraLse the Lord, my thirsty daj's are all 
over! They are behind ! They will never 
come again ! " I cried aloud in my joy. I 
accepted His word that "shall never thirst,'' 
meant shall never Ikirst, and I did not ex- 
peel to be thirsty again. 

■■ Praise the Lord ! " I said, '* there will be 
no more going over the Hower-beds with an 
empty water-can. No more pumping! no 
more pumping ! '' And I do praise Cod that 
the experience 1 have had since has not di.s- 
appointed me. He keeps His word. ■■ Shall 
never thirst " means what it says to-day ; 
and twenty thousand years hence it will be 
as true. And I want you all to take it home 
to you and go wherever the Lord sends you. 

II does not matter where it is, •■ shall never 
thirst" means "shall never thirst." The 
woman came to the well witli a pot for water. 
she went away with a well in her bosom, and 
it overflowed all over the city. That is just 
what the Lord wants us eserywhere to be. 
Nothing is so easy, nolhing so mighty as an 
overflow. No one can dam a river, 

" Out of him that ln-lieveth on Me shall 
flow rivers of living water" ; not mere brooks. 

Brethren, get this overflow, and then seek 
the drv and arid parts of earlii and there li^l 



A SOMEWHAT tragic and very interest- 
-^^ ing incideol recently occurred in my 
village, and as it plainly shows up the real 
superstition, not among the lower classes, 
but among the enlightened English-speaking 
Hindus holding official positions under 
government, it may be of interest to readers 
at home, where so much lias been said and 
read of late about the high stale of enlighten- 
ment among the classes out here. 

about lo be worshipped, when the sub-magis- 
trate happened to think that he would like 
to have his revolver worshipped also, and 
sent for it. On the arrival of the revolver 
from the sub- magistrate's house, the new 
horse of the Inspector of Police was bnng 
examined, and it was concluded to worship 
the horse first and afterwards the revolver. 
The revolver was in the hand of the sub- 
magistra(e, when, all of a sudden, it was 


I will give an account of the facts of the 
case as they came out in the examination 
made by the Assistant-Superintendent of 

It was festal season, and our sub-magis- 
trate, a resident of the village, was at the 
house of the Inspector of Police. These 
men are both caste men, — the former a 
Brahman, and the latter a Sudra. and both 
are educated and know English. 

According lo the custom of the .season 
jireparaiion was being made for the worship 
of weapons. The insjiector's revolver was 

discharged, piercing one man in the chest 
and catching another in the arm. This gave 
the assemble<l company other things to think 
about, and the revolver forfeited the worship 
which, of course, it ought not to have 
expected after such bad behavior. 

The .iiib- magistrate is the highest officer 
under government in all my territory, and 
had any of the people done what he did they 
would be responsible to him. 

It is true that Ihf: educated Hindus con- 
tinue such nonsense as this, however much 
may be claimed to ilie eonlrar)-. 


'T^HE Nineteenth Century of the Christian 
'■' Era will close arid the Twentieth Cen- 
tury begin somewhere between Christmas 
of this year (1896), and February to April 
of next year (1897). This has been estab- 
lished by the investigations and calcula- 
tions of the best scholarship ; so that it may 
be said to be universally acknowledged that 
Christ was not born on Christmas in the 
year 754 after the founding of Rome — as 
Dionysius mistakenly put it in making up 
our common chronology, and as the Roman 
church indorsed it — but in the year 750 
or 749, the latter being far the more prob- 
able, and toward the spring-time the more 
probable date. This conclusion rests espe- 
cially upon the indisputable fact that Herod 
the Great, in whose reign the birth of Christ 
took place, died in the fourth year before 
the commencement of our Era, or in the 

year. 4 B.C., according to the proper reckon- 
ing. That will be nineteen hundred years 
ago next Easter. The Nineteen-Hundredth 
Anniversary of Christ's birth is not, there- 
fore, several years off, but just upon us — 
not farther away than the close of the present 
year or the opening months of 1897. 

The simple fact that we are just to cross 
the threshold of the Twentieth Century 
ought to be enough to rouse all Christen- 
dom to the duty of a final rally of the Nine- 
teenth Century with a view to final victory 
for the Gosi>el in the opening years of the 
Twentieth Century. Brethren* does not 
Christ call us all just now by His Word and 
by the signs of the times, to cooperate in 
inaugurating a movement all along the line 
for the immediate evangelization of the 
world ? — The Homiletic Review. 


X^Y DEAR BRETHREN: Letter-writ- 
ing is probably to you a great burden at 
times. Your work is always ahead of you ; 
you never can catch up with it. It is cer- 
tainly not to be expected of you that you 
shall, in addition to all that you are doing, 
add yet this — that you shall help to raise 
money for your work. We at home have 
assuredly no right to expect you to write 
letters to the donors of *• specific gifts" for 
native preachers and the like. Neverthe- 
less, you can do a great deal of good, if, say 
once in five or six months, you could write 
directly to the the donors or through your 
Secretaries a bit of encouragement to the 
givers. Some of these are quite nevv to the 
work : they do not know of your burdens, 
and they give in rather an ignorant fashion. 
They do need enlightenment. Could you not 
give it? Some of them give with great sac- 

rifice-^ indeed, that is generally yie case with 
the ** specifics." Could you hot cheer them 
up a little by letting tliein know some of the 
good their money is doing? It will always 
help these to become habitual and not spas- 
modic givers. Many ask you for letters, 
and even, perhaps, for photographs of the 
native missionary they are supporting. Can 
you not at least for these do something to 
gratify them? Yet others never ask it of 
you, but I know that they will rejoice at 
hearing from you. Could you not make the 
sacrifice of say a couple of hours once each 
six months to straightening up this matter 
of letter-writing to special donors? I ask it 
not as a matter of right, but of love and 
kindness, — as a work of supererogation, if 

you please. 

Faithfully vours, 

Onk of the District Skcrktauiks. 

B«v. J. Bfllnrloba 
Ramapatam, Jan. i 


The Theological Seminary. 

are hard at work again. Nearlv all the old 
students are back, and two new ones from 
Podili have entered this term. The results of 
the written esamination in Deceniher were 
excellent, and evince remarkable piogresf. 
The spiritual and moral improvements are 
also very noticeable. From the missionaries 
and other friends who have visited us «e 
have heard nothing hut what has cheered 
and encouraged our hearts. At present we 
are in the midst of a serius of protracted 
c<insecration meetings with which «e have 
determined to open the new year. We had 
a remarkable meeting lesterd.iy, «hen I 
presented the suhjctl of the Christ-life. 
Last Sunday I had the pnvilej^c of baptizing 
two promising lads from our Ongole High 

Hev. J. Duiamui 

(;iHZ,\LLA, Oct. ly, 1896 

The Outlook Is aood. — In some place 

my heart rejoiced ; in others I felt grieved 
and sad at the sorry state of our peoplc= 
This was especially true with respect to ou 
Mala Christians. We have two such viK 
lages, but both are indifferent, and (heir casca 
distinction is more to them than their religa 
ion. In both of these villages I remain^= 
several days and held meetings, and also h^^ 
communion service, but not one Mala Chri -i 
lian came, as they would not partake ^ 
communion with our other Christians, wl— : 
are Madigas. 

One of these villages is the home of fo- - 
of our workers, and I learned that they inn ji — 
Ihe Malas not lo commune with the Madig^^ 
I dismissed them at once for one year, aw=r 

then if the\ 



i-hool, the son« of one of our Bible women, 

will not admit them again. Tiie Chi 

id Ihe grandson of Ihe late Krishnnlnmah. 

tians I 1-eproved as best I could, and trusi= 

■ Xcllore. Five allogelher were receiied 

shall not be forced to exclude them. Th«=i: 

ilo the church last Sunday, and thus Ihe 

Ihinys are very painful lo us, but I am SS~^ 

■Mr open- very promi-ingK. 1 think 1 have 

(here .ire other villages whose record is=- 

reiia> written thai the prospects Inr (he 

great ital better, anil through thc»e we c — ' 

,■« tern, and -chool year, which opens 

lake fre^h courage and go ou. 

-M July, are brighter ever. All in all. 

Baptisms. — Since my last letter I hi*."! 

e ..iUl(M>k is cvc«-dingly hopeful i:i every 

had the privilrgc iit haplizlng forty-six « 

■partment of our work, for which «t would 

dirtcrcnl limes. Iti ihe preachers also a fi^* 

k you to join lis in proining the Lord. 

changes were made. As slated abov;, four 



r discipline, but I engaged two new 
te came from Kavali, and has charge 
lOie field, as I could not go out very 
le is a young man of promise, and 
eat hopes of him. The other is an 
preacher from Mr. Powell's field. I 
m in the western part of the field. 
BO Christians there, but the Luther- 
been working there for a year past. 
ne'is room for us. 

nestest Need is an increase of spir- 
rer in our preachers and helpers. 
:hem are old men with little educa- 
tack of contact with missionaries, so 
are more or less apathetic and in- 
Another need is better teachers, 

of them, and a higher standard of 
Reallv, I have none who have 
e Government requirements. These 
ict also as preachers, and I hope the 
come very soon when I can supply 
age with a good teacher. We need 
ig school to train teachers, and a 

worship here is a great necessity. 
id we turn over all our collections, 
started a chapel fund, and hope to 
cient money to lay foundations by 
we secure a suitable place. 
:h Service. — Sunday evening ser- 

weekly prayer meetings are well 

in this village. We praise God for 
have been enabled to accomplish 
and trust the dav is not far distant 
re will be a more spiritual atnios- 
ong our Christians throughout this 

Bev. J. Moliaurin, D.D. 

BANCiALoRF, Jan. 12, 1897 

est Conference ever held by the 
n the Telugu country has just been 
is was the unanimous verdict. Self- 
las come to stay. A large part of 
vas devoted to it and kindred topics, 
ort cannot stand alone, — there 
church organization and self-gov- 

These people are not going to 
hemselves while under the tutelage 

It was cheering to hear the verbal 
t much work done on several fields 
iirection. Messrs. Brock, W. ?3. 
oggess, Powell, Martin for Ongole, 

Friesen, and others were much encouraged. 
Some of the native brethren asked for a 
Telugu translation of the papers of Messrs. 
Manlev and Downie. I think we mav be 
able to grant their request. Mr. Boggess is 
a radical on this point, and the outcome of 
his- course will be watched with eager inter- 
est. I have never known a time in the 
history of this mission when there was such 
a feeling of unity and brotherliness, or when 
there was a brighter outlook for the best in- 
terests of the mission. God has been verv 
gracious to us. The famine which has vts- 
ited north-west India has passed us by. There 
is some distress in one or two districts of the 
Madras presidency, but except may be at 
Palmur, none on our field. None of our 
number has been called away, though some 
have left for America. 

Bev. J. Newooxnb . 

Cum HUM, March 3, 1S97 

The Work is in a prosperous condition. 
On a recent tour of twenty-four days we had 
two hundred and thirty-four baptisms, and 
the Christians were revived everywhere. Be- 
sides these baptisms more than one hundred 
others believed and were placed under instruc- 
tion and will be baptized soon. These new 
believers (the one hundred) are supporting 
their teacher;, that is, they are giving him 
his food. lie was here vesterdav and re- 
ported that they are attending meeting every 
evening and are showing good signs of the 
new birth. lie teaches them hvmns, the ten 
commandments, and the Lord's Prayer, and 
also teaches them to discontinue all their 
heathen customs, practices, and superstitions. 
These are some of the grave clothes that 
have to be taken off, even after thev have 
faith in Christ. 

On the Tour. — There were manv inci- 
dents of real interest, one of which I must 
mention here. In one large camping-ground 
in a large grove, where we baptized one hun- 
dred and thirty, a deafmute, a young man, 
came for baptism with the other candidates, 
but as he could not read nor speak nor hear, 
we found it difficult to examine him, so I 
took a stone about twice the size of a man's 
hand, such as thev use for srods here in some 



of the smaller temples, and I set it up against 
the tree and put my hands together, and 
bowed to it as though I wanted to worship 
it. As soon as the mute saw this he showed 
his displeasure by looking very displeased. 
1 then threw the stone away and looked up to 
Heaven in the attitude of prayer, and when 
he saw this he leaped for joy, pointing his 
hands heavenward. We were then satisfied, 
and baptized him. I find touring the most 
enjoyable work I have to do. Christ at the 
well was so overjoyed at the conversion of a 
soul that he could not eat, though tired and 
hungry just before. 

Our Boarding School has reopened with 
the new departure of a Lower Secondary 
School. There are about one hundred and 
fifty children in attendance. At the sugges- 
tion of Mrs. Safford, Secretary of the Wom- 
an's Societv, we have collected fees from all 
new boarders, but only two annas per month 
each to commence with, during this time of 

The Poor People in the southern part of 
the field are beginning to be in real distress, 
some of them in a state of semi-starvation, 
but being so used to poverty they do not re- 
alize their true condition. Many of their 
wells have dried up so that they have great 
difficulty in getting drinking water, ^which 
they so much need during the heat and the 
dust of the hot season. But though the 
poorest of the poor, they may eat of the bread 
of heaven and drink of the waters of eternal 

Bev. A. Friesen 
Xalcjonda, March 2, 1897 

The New Year has opened with great en- 
couragement in the Lord's work. On Sun- 
day, January 31, seven candidates appeared 
for baptism. Mr. Wilson, being called to 
the ministry by the Nalgonda Baptist 
Church, was ordained on the 15th of Feb- 
ruary. He was examined by a council con- 
sisting of delegates representing six churches 
of the four mission stations in the Deccan. 
Between the 21st of Februarv and to-dav we 
have again had three baptisms, receiving 
eighteen members into the church by the 

Bev. 'W. 8. Davis 

Allur, Feb. 9, 1897 
Our flonthly fleeting is just past. We 
have had four days of it and accomplished 
not a little. The last day we had about 
two hundred and thirty-eight present, — about 
equal to our total Christian population on the 
Allur field. It was a special effort, put forth 
to obtain self-support for our Allur church. 
I believe it is about to be realized. I never 
saw the people so awake to the subject as 
now. A committee has been appointed who 
will take the matter in hand ; i.e.^ find out 
what they can raise and call a pastor. The 
people say that they will ^double their col- 
lections and even do more for the sake of a 
pastor. It may be two or three months be- 
fore the object is realized, but I believe it w^ill 
come, and that soon. 


Bev. W. H. Boberta 

BHAMO,Jan. 21, 1897 

Need of Schools. — Some who do not 
understand the importance of school work in 
this mission may think I might better have 
allowed the school work to stop rather than 
give so much of my time and strength to it. 
But we remember what it has cost to gathei 
and hold these wild children, that we are the 
onlv ones who can and will teach them tc 
read, that the making of books and giving ot 
translations is of no use unless thev are 
taught to read, that in this school are to be 
trained the teachers and preachers who must 
evangelize and educate these people, that it 
allowed to leave school for six or nine 
months they would marry and thus cut short 
their education before they are competent to 
take charge of a village school or under- 
stand sufficient of the scriptures to become 
preachers. Our greatest need now is ed- 
ucated teachers and preachers to teach the 
people the Word of Life and the children how- 
to read. 

Rev. W. W. Cochrane and Dr. Kirkpatrick 
are pressing me now to send them a youth 
to go with one of their Karens into a Kachin 
village, teach the Karens how to read 
Kachin, and start a village school. I have 



calls for $uch lads than we have for our 
christian villages. But this opening 
so promising I have agreed to send 
one of the best boys, during March, 
and May. I cannot and shall not 
his training work to stop if I have to 
p all outside work. I can only go on 
ays and Sundays to villages near 

month I was privileged to baptize 
Cachins and one Burman (from Dr. 
' school). There is a good feeling 

the villagers, and the children are 
nterested in their Bible studies. Three 
ked for baptism. 

Bar. H. Morrow 

Tavoy, Jan. 16, 1897. 
ng out of deep poverty. — Yesterday 
lool was under discussion for nearly 
>urs, when the following resolutions 
assed : 

solved^ I. That the town school is 
ncipal agent in carying on the Lord's 
ri Tavoy and Mergui Districts. 
That in order to the evangelization of 
Id the school must go on and increase 
iencv from vear to vear. 

^ ^ m 

That we the pastors and delegates here 
•led agree and engage that the churches 
rovide for the school to the utmost of 
bility, and that we shall even deny 
es food and clothing rather than it be 
•ed in its work." 

young pastor who introduced these 
ions told us that he and his wife had 
d the habit of drinking a cup of tea 
1 a while, but for three months had 
t up in order to save a little for the 

work. Every teacher in the school 
en a month's wages besides the weekly 
onthly giving, and one, a young 

"whom we pay Rupees 18 per month 
en Rupees 30. A young girl, a meni- 

the Burmese church in Tavoy, who 
at service to help support her invalid 
md very poor mother, sent me Rupees 
y, ** During the year God has enabled 
ay a debt of Rupees 60 on my mother's 
ind I want to give this as a thank- 
•." One heathen Burman tjave nie 

10, another Rupees 2. 


Mm. M. M. Clark 

MoLuxo, Feb. 24, 1897 
Just a word to tell you our hearts are 
greatly rejoiced, as not infrequently now-a- 
days we listen to our young Naga pastor 
Kilep conducting the Sunday morning ser- 
vices ; indeed, he preaches very well — shows a 
considerable thought. The congregations are 
good, people attentive; others of the recent 
converts lead the prayer meetings. We have 
been out touring with some of these young 
evangelists, and they did good service for the 
Master. Not alone in the greater assemblies, 
in street preaching, and personal conversa- 
tion, but in the quiet evening hour from 
some rude bamboo hut might be heard the 
voice of prayer and songs of praise from 
these. To Him be all the glory; our hearts 
are filled with thanksgiving. 

Some villages visited seem still utterly in 
the region and shadow of death ; no light has 
sprung up ; heathenish darkness and ignor- 
ance reign supreme ; they would not have 
Him to rule over them. In others we 
think we discern the dawn of the Sun of 
Righteousness, and souls are in the dim light 
feeling after Him. We found praying ones, 
trusting ones, believing ones, and in that 
day when the books shall be opened we do 
believe there will be found written therein 
names of these brave mountain warriors of 
whom we know not now. 


Bev. O. H. Harvey 

Matadi, Dec. 26, 1896. 

The work at Palabala is now very encour-^ 

aging. J propose to baptize a number of 

those professing who have been tested and 

are evidently living Christian lives. There 

are some, I am glad to say, whom I examined 

a week ago of whose conversion I have no 

doubt. These, to the number of seventeen, 
I will baptize shortly (D. V.), and having 
formed, or re-formed, a church with them I 
shall, through them, examine the others re- 
questing baptism, some forty or fifty more. 
There has been much persecution at Palabala, 
and some of these seventeen men and women 
have suffered much for Christ's sake. I fully 
believe that the tide has turned and that 
the time to favor Zion at Palabala has come. 


The Meeting of March 15, 1897. Eleven Members Present 

THE amount of $63.00, received for the relief of the famine sufferers in India, was appro- 
priated and ordCTed to be forwarded for that purpose. 

The Home Secretary gave a report concerning the progress in Chicago and other ' 
parts of the West of the movement for raising the debts of the Missionary Union and Home 
Mission Society. 

The following additional rule was adopted : 

"Applications from a mission for the appointment, either as missionaries or assistant 
missionaries, of men or women with whom the Executive Committee have no personalis 
acquaintance must receive the endorsement of at least three-fourths of the memben 
prssent at some Annual Conference of such mission before they can be considered by the 

At the request of Rev. Ola Hanson, of Bhamo, Upper Burma, Rs. 200 was appropriated 
for printing books which he has prepared in the Kachin language. 

The question of land in India, held by so-called " Putta " titfes, was taken into considers 
tion, and the Recording Secretary of the Committee was requested to correspond further 
regarding the matter. 

The Meeting of March 29, 1897. Thirteen Members Present. 

The certificate of the Auditing Committee, who had examined the accounts of the Union 
to March i, was received, accepted, and placed upon file. 

The Committee appointed to prepare a minute on the death of Rev. John N. Murdock, 
LL.D., Honorary Secretary, submitted their report, which was received and ordered inserted 
in the records of the Executive Committee, and a copy was ordered sent to the family of Dr. 

The minute of sympathy from the Board of the American Baptist Publication Society 
regarding the death of Dr. Murdock was received and ordered placed upon the records ot 
the Committee. 

At the request of the Woman's Society approval was given of Miss H. D. Xewcomb's 
transfer from Nursaravapetta to Nalgonda, to care for the school during the absence of Mr. 
and Mrs. Friesen, and the resignation of Miss Jennie V. Smith as a missionary was accepted. 
The following ladies were introduced by Mrs. Safford, the Secretary of the Woman's Society, 
and after the relation of their Christian experience and call to missionary work they were 
appointed missionaries of the American Baptist Missionary Union, to be supported by the 
Woman's Society : 

Miss Sarah R. Bustard, of Swansea, Eng., Miss Anna M."* Linker, of Philadelphia, 
Penn., Miss Annie L. Crowl, of Philadelphia, Miss Margaret M. Sutherland, of Waukan, 
Wis., and Miss Ada L. Newell, of Pawtucket, R.I. 

Permission was given for the return of Rev. W. B. Parshley of Yokohama, Japan, to the 
United States on furlough, and it was also voted that the resignation of Rev. Andrew Young, 
of the Congo Mission, be accepted, on account of the failure of his health. 

A Committee of Arrangements for the Anniversary of the Missionary Union wa» 
appointed, consisting of Rev. Nathan E. Wood, D.D., Rev. George BuUen, D.D., and the 
Corresponding Secretaries of the Union. 

The Recording Secretary reported that the suit of the Union in the matter of the will 
of Richard Gaines, formerly of Cheviot, Ohio, had been decided in favor of the Union. 
He also reported progress in the matter of perfecting defective titles to the property of 
the Union in Japan. 


1. Praise Service, Scripture and Prayer. (Singing 5. Mr. Newcomb's Letter from India, p. 180. 

at the discretion of the leader.) 6. Mr. Dassman's Letter from India, p. 188. 

2. Extracts from '* News and Notes from Ongole," 7. A Good Association in Burma, p. 178. 

p. 166. 8. The f treat Advance of Burma, p. 161. 

3. Tlie Telugu Pentecost, p. 104. 9. Offering, Singing and Benediction. 

4. Mr. Heinrich's Letter from India, p. 11«. 


Ube JSapttst 

THE MOVEMENT FOR RAISINO THE DEBTS of the Missionary Union and the Home 
Missionary Society is going on with encouraging prospects of success. A 
large number of pledges have been received, but these form only a comparatively 
small part of the real encouragement, and are far from being a complete indication 
of the real strength of the movement. A large number of churches and communities 
are still in the process of raising the full amounts which they have estimated they 
would be able to pay toward this effort. It has, however, been fully assured that 
if the varbus communities which have undertaken to raise definite sums should 
succeed in that which the leaders have estimated might easily be done, and other 
churches and communities should fall into line in anything like reasonable amounts, 
the movement for the raising of the debts would be a complete and triumphant 
success ; in fact, there is so much encouragement, and such an excellent spirit of 
determination, of earnestness and of consecration manifested in this movement that 
there is good reason to hope that the debt will be largely raised before the Anniver- 
saries. It would be a glorious thing if the movement should come so near a success 
that at the Anniversaries it could be finally and definitely completed, and we could 
go home from Pittsburgh with a feeling that the societies were relieved of the incubus 
which has rested upon them for the last three years. Definite reports will be pre- 
sented at Pittsburgh in regard to this matter, and we shall then know exactly where 
we stand. May the reports show that the debts are all raised, and that from the 
time of the meeting our people can address themselves to paying the current ' 
expenses of the coming year. 


Editorial Notes 

THE REPORT OF DONATIONS for two months occupies about half of this number^ 
of the Magazine. We regret the necessity which so largely curtails the spac^^ 
for literary matter and for illustrations, but do not at all regret the large number-:: 
of donations we are called upon to report. We wnll gladly give all the space neede(^B 
for reporting donations even if again obliged to increase the size of the Magazine — 
Do not withhold your gifts from the Missionary Union for fear of crowding th< 

editor. You may be assured he can endure a great deal more of this sort of thing — 
Neither will you find the report of donations wholly uninteresting reading. W< 
suggest that you look first to see if your name is written there, — or the name o: 
your church. If not in this number, or in some recent number of the Magazine 
ask yourself " Why not ? " Ought it not to be there ? Read the long list of generou 
givers and see if you do not wish to appear in such a goodly company. 

THE UGANDA MISSION OF CENTRAL AFRICA has drawn to itself a large amount::! 
of interest from the whole Christian world. It was founded by the EnglishjiH 
Church Missionary Society in response to King Mtesa's appeal to Henry M. - 
Stanley that the Christians of England would send a teacher to him and his people^ 
Its story is enriched with events of heroic daring, of courageous endurance, o^ 
splendid devotion, crowned with the halo of martyrdom, and adorned with final and 
remarkable success. Last year, for the first time, an effort was made to collect 
complete statistics of the work, and they are given in The Church Missionary 
Inteliigenccr for March. Communicants, 1,355 ; baptized Christians, including 
children, 6,905 ; catechumens, 2,591 ; teachers, 725 ; of which 192 are appointed 
and paid by the Mission council, and the majority of the rest are " honorary " or 
not paid. There are 321 "churches," meaning houses of worship, with a seating 
capacity of 49,751, and an estimated Sunday attendance of 25,300, and there are 
about 57,380 persons who are ''readers" — either able to read or learning to read. 
These figures are ver}^ suggestive. We are surprised at the small number of 
communicants — 1,355 — ^"ty ^95 JTiore than are reported from our American 
Baptist Congo Mission. Yet it is evident that there is a widespread interest in 
Christianity as a system and in education. Christianity has already gained a 
powerful influence among the Buganda, and larger spiritual results may be expected 
in the future. 


■l book gives a historical sketch of the Union, its home history, and the Mis- 
sions in Burma, Assam, India, China, Japan, Africa and Europe. There are ninety 
illustrations, and the volume will be found specially adapted to Young People's 
Societies, mission coteries and others which desire to engage in a systematic study 
of our Baptist missions. The price is only fift}' cents, postpaid. Address, Baptist 
Missionary Magazine, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. 


THE EI0HTY>TI1I8D ANNUAL MEETINQ of the American Baptist Missionary Union 
will be held in the Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, Pittsburgh, Pa., on Monday, 
May 24, 1897, at 10 o'clock a. m. 

HENRY S. BURRAGE, Recording Secretary. 
Portland, Me., April i, 1897. 

THE EIQHTV-THIIU) ANNUAL MEETINQ of the Board of Managers of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union will be held in the Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., on the evening of the first day of the meeting of the Missionary 

MOSES H. BIXBY, Recording Secretary. 
Providence, R. I., .April i, 1897. 


PERSONALS.— Rev. John M. Foster sailed from Vancouver March i for Swatow, 
China. Rev. Neil D. Reid of Henzada, Burma, arrived at New York 

April 3. Rev. B. P. Cross reached Bassein, Burma, February 6. We regret 

that in placing the frontispiece in the May Magazine the names of Dr. Boggs and 
Mr. McLean, who stand at the left of the group, dropped out. Owing to the same 

accident, Miss S. I. Kurtz appears as "Mrs." Rev. \V. E. Story and wife of 

Shimonoseki, Japan, reached Chicago April 1 7 ; also Re\'. R. L. Halsey of Osaka, 

Japan. Rev. David Downle, D. D., of Nellore, India, has been elected a member 

of the Board of Fellows of the University of Madras. This Board has large powers 
and great influence in shaping the educational matters of the whole Madras 

J 96 EJiti>riaI 

THE DEATH OF MRS. F. P. L^'NCH. — With great sorrow and surprise we have 
received the news of the death of Mrs. Lynch at Mukimvilou Conga Mrs. 
L^-nch went to Africa with her husband. Dr. L\Tich, in 1S93, and they have since 
been stationed and labored happily at Muldm\'ika, near the mouth of the Congo 
River, on the south side. Mukimvika is a sanitanum. and Dr. Lynch' s report, which 
will appear in the Annual Repon of the Missionary- Union, tells of its heahhfulness. 
It is coming to be acknowledged as the healthiest location in the Congo Mission or 
on the coast of Southwest .\frica. Dr. L\'nch has treated many missionaries and 
others who have resorted to him. and almost uniformly with beneficial results, hence 
the news of Mrs. Lynch 's decease is the more surprising. At the date of our last 
correspondence. r>octor and Mrs. Lynch were in fair health, but having been four 
years on the Congo, were planning soon to start for .\merica for a season of rest 
and refreshment, since it is not considered advisable for missionaries on the west 
coast of .\frica to remain on the neld more than three or four vears for their first 
stay. The news of Mrs. Lynch's death comes by cable, and we are without particu- 
lars. Mrs. Lynch was a lady of large culture and refinement, and has been greatly 
useful and helpful to Dr. Lynch in his missionar}* and medical labors. Her depart- 
ure is a great and serious loss to the Congo Mission, already so severely afflicted 
by the return of various members to England and America on account of sickness. 
We sincerely mourn with Dr. Lynch in this great bereavement, and extend to him 
and to the friends in this countr}' our most earnest and sincere sympathy. May the 
\jr)xd, who has all things in His hands, make even this affliction to abound to His 
glory and the furtherance of the Gospel among the Congo people, for whose benefit 
and salvation vet another martvr life has been laid down. 

ON THE HORNS OF A DILEMMA. — The efforts of certain persons in America to 
pf^se as followers of Buddha, or representatives of Hinduism, are simply amus- 
ing to those who know the real nature of these religions. The views they hold 
would not be recognized in India, as the experience of several advocates of these 
ideas has shown. Mrs. Annie Besant is now a leading apostle of those who cannot 
accept the doctrines of Christianity, but find in the mystic speculations of Hinduism 
and l^uddhism something which commends itself more to their peculiar turn of 
mind. In a recent lecture to Hindu women, she told them that in her former birth 
she was a JJrahman. This placed her in an embarrassing position before women 
who ha\'e been taught that the highest they are to look for^'ard to in the next state 
of existence is to be born as a man. *'\Vhat terrible sin," the women asked; **did 
you commit that you should be reborn as a Christian and a woman?" Her lame 
reply that she wished to study Western religion hardly satisfied her audience, but 
her next step took her deeper in the mire. She told them that she had a wonder- 
fully wise and holy guru, or spiritual guide, in her former existence. "What was 
his name? " they asked, and when she could not answer, they decided that perhaps 
it was the same as the name of her husband which she was not allowed to utter. 

Editorial 197 

AFFAIRS IN MADAGASCAR are going from bad to worse as far as Protestant 
missions are concerned. The French officials generally accept the Roman 
Oatholic priests as interpreters and depend on them for information. Under this 
guidance, the Protestant chapels are taken from the congregations which erected 
^hem and given to the priests for Catholic worship, and the schools are also trans- 
ferred to the control of the priests. In one district, where there were seventy or 
eighty Protestant mission schools, there are now only six with about one hundred 
scholars. The work of the London Missionary Society in the island is on the verge 
of extinction, and the directors of the society have issued a formal statement of their 
-wrongs and an appeal to the public. The Paris Missionar)-^ Society is affording 
every assistance in bringing these outrages to the notice of the public and the 
government of France, and it is stated that instructions have been sent forbidding 
the transference of Protestant mission property to the hands of the Roman priests. 
We are not hopeful of the result. There is not a dependency of France on the face 
of the earth where the influence of the Jesuits is not paramount ; and in every spot 
to which French authority has been extended, Protestant mission work has been 
almost exterminated. When the French seized Madagascar, attention was called to 
this fact, and we have seen no reason to expect any other result in Madagascar. 
The French government is powerless to enforce its decrees as to religious toleration 
in its dependencies against the schemes of the Society of Jesus. 

THE ISLANDS OF THE PACIFIC have suffered much in recent years from the 
aggressions of various powers engaged in territorial extension. The occupa- 
tion, by France and Spain, of islands in which prosperous missions have been 
established, has been exceedingly unfavorable to the progress of mission work, and 
at first the officials in charge of these islands placed many difficulties in the way of 
carrying on the missions. The missionaries of the American Board in Ponape were 
banished by the command of the Spanish Governor, and the Loyalty Islands have 
suffered from similar treatment from Catholic officials. We are glad to record that 
more cheering news has been received. There seems to be an entire change in the 
attitude of the political authorities toward Protestant missions in the Islands. The 
Spanish governor of Ponape, who last year forbade the missionaries to set foot on 
the island, has now permitted them to land from the ** Morning Star" and visit the 
mission stations. The Spanish Governor has approved of the mission work on the 
island of Ruk, also at Kusaie ; the Catholic officials of the Loyalty Islands are 
showing great favor to the missions, and a great revival is spreading among the 
people on the Gilbert Islands. The British Commissioner is not only favorable to 
the missions, but is aiding them by ever^' means in his power, and the same is also 
true of the German Kontissar in the Marshall group. The reason of the change of 
attitude toward the missions on the part of these political officials is that, after 
careful study of the islands and people, they have become convinced that the best 
aid to an orderly administration of their charges is the work of the Protestant 
missionaries among the people. 

198 Editorial 

(( A HALF CENTURY IN BURMA" is a very interesting and important addition to 
^» our Baptist missionary literature, being a sketch of Edward Abiel Stevens, 
D. D., by his son, Rev. Sumner W. Stevens of Philadelphia. More than any other. 
Dr. Stevens is entitled to be considered as the successor of Adoniram Judson in his 
work in Burma, since it was to him that Dr. Judson committed the corrections 
which he had noted to be incorporated in a new edition of his Burman translation 
of the Bible, and also the manuscript of his Burman-English dictionary. Dr. Stevens 
supervised the new edition of the Burman Bible, introducing Dr. Judson's correc- 
tions and others noted by himself, and superintended the publication of the Bur- 
man Dictionary. He also founded the Biblical class for the training of Burman 
preachers, which has now become the Burman department of the Baptist Theological 
Seminary at Insein, He also performed a large amount of other literary work 
during his fifty years' service in Burma, and this, in addition to constant and faithful 
labors in pastoral and evangelistic missionary work. A complete story of his life 
would cover a very large part of the mission work for Burmans from 1838 to 1888. 
Mr. Stevens' sketch of his father is of great interest and value. Our chief criticism 
is that it is too brief. It is published by the American Baptist Publication Society. 


AMONG THE MARTYRS OF KUCHENO, CHINA, were two sisters, Misses Eleanor and 
Elizabeth Saunders, of Australia. They were peculiarly happy in their home 
life, being surrounded with every comfort ; but they gave up all to devote themselves 
fully to the service of Christ among the Chinese. Their missionary life was short, 
but they gave to the Lord all they had, and the gift was as acceptable as if long years 
of service had been granted them. As their young lives went out on earth under 
the murderous blows of the Chinese assassins, they were welcomed to the glorious 
company of those '■ that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus and for the Word 
of God," of whom it is said " and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand 
years." A sketch of their lives under the title " The Sister Martyrs of Kucheng," by 
D. M. Berry, M. A.. Canon of Melbourne, is republished in America by the Fleming 
H. Revell Co. of New York, Chicago and Toronto, at Si. 50. 


A N examination of a modern map of Africa shows that the Congo river furnishes 
the shortest and easiest route to the heart of the continent With the 
completion of the railway past Livingstone Falls, the upper Congo river furnishes 
a great natural highway to all of equatorial Central Africa, from the Sudan on the 
north to the great British province of Zambesia on the South. In this connection 
we reprint from The Watchman the following editorial note : 

— Those interested in the problems of African geography are awaiting with 
interest news from M. Gentil, of the French Congo service. Last November, 
according to the New York Sun^ Gentil took his steamship, the Leon Bloty far up 
the Congo and its Mobangi affluent to the mouth of the Kemo River coming from 
the north. The route of the explorer Miastre led through its valley, but when 
Gentil reached the Tomi tributary of the Kemo he turned his steamer up that river 
and struck out a new route in Africa. The Leon Blot reached the navigable limit 
of this important river. It had pushed north to 5° 46' N. lat., and ahead was the 
water parting between the Congo and the Shari, or Lake Tchad systems. The 
steamer was then divided into hundreds of pieces, which could be carried on the 
backs of men. A thousand natives of that region were engaged as porters, and with 
their aid the expedition was moved sixty-nine miles to the north, where it struck the 
navigable Nana River. On October 12, last, the vessel was afloat again, the pioneer 
steamer in the Lake Tchad basin. About forty miles further northwest the river 
empties into the Gribingui, which Maistre believed to be the Shari, though it may 
prove to be merely a large tributary of that river. If M. Gentil had good fortune, 
he hoped, in November last, to be steaming among the many islands of Lake 
Tchad. There is many a slip in Africa, and perhaps some obstacle has prevented 
the explorer from carrying out his interesting project. But if he has proved the 
practicability of reaching Lake Tchad, as he hoped to do, he has opened a new 
route to the heart of Africa. The completion of the Congo railroad is now only a 
question of months. When that important w^ork is finished, a light railroad, sixty- 
nine miles long, across the Congo-Tchad water parting, will give communication, all 
the way by steam, between America and the most remote of Africa's great lakes. 

France has already recognized that in its possessions on the Congo it has an 
imp)ortant key to the treasures of Central Africa, and is spending large sums in its 
exploration and development. The weakness of the administration of the Congo 
Free State is leaving that territory somewhat behind in the race, notwithstanding its 
superior advantages, but there can be no question that with the completion of the 
Congo railway to Stanley Pool in 1898 or 1899 a tremendous impulse will be given 
to the commercial and political development of the whole region of Central Africa, 
reached through the many thousands of miles of navigable waterway of the upper 
Congo and its numerous and important branches. It will be the dawning of a new 
day for Africa, and the beginning of a new life for millions of its peoples. May the 
Sun of Righteousness also rise upon the vast regions of interior Africa with the 
glorious Gospel of Salvation, bringing life and immortality to light for those who 
now sit in the darkness and shadow of death. 


'^IT^E HAVE already referred to the fact tliat the King of Belgium, who is also 
President of L^Etat Indejjendent du Congo, or, as it is usually called, tine 
Congo Free State, has established a Commission for the protection of the native' 
The cruelties and oppressions of the traders and State officials toward the Congo - 
people have long been known, and at last have roused King Leopold to an actkni 
which we trust may be effective. We note that Rev. A. Sims, M. D., of our own- 
mission, is on the commission on which large powers have been conferred. The 
great cause of conflict between the natives and State forces has been the 
demands made on the natives to bring in rubber. Their refusal to do so has 
punished by the destruction of their towns, by captivity and death. The demand 
for rubber has been reduced one-half. ' ** 

The following is the text of the decree issued by King Leopold, constituting a 
Commission for the protection of natives in the Congo State : 

*' Leopold II., King of the Belgiums, Sovereign of the Independent Congo State. 
On the proposal of our Secretary' of State, we have decreed and do decree as fol- 
lows : — 

"A pennanent Commission is instituted, charged with the protection of the 
natives throughout the territory of the State. The members of this Commission 
will be nominated by the King-Soveriegn for a term of two years, from among the 
representatives of philanthropic and religious associations. The following are the 
first nominations: 

"Mgr. Van Ronste, Bishop of Thymbrium, Vicar Apostolic of the Vicariate of 
the Congo State, president; Father Van Hencxthoven, superior of the Jesuit Mission 
at Leopoldville ; Father de Cleene, of the Congregation of Scheut; William Holman 
Bentley, of the Baptist Missionary Society; Dr. A. Sims, of the American Baptist 
Missionary Union; George Grenfell, of the Baptist Missionary Society, secretary. 

" The members of the Commission will inform the judicial authorities oi any acts 
of violence of which natives may have been victims. Each member, individually, 
will exercise the right of protection, and will communicate directly with the Governor 
General. The Commission will also advise the Government of the measures to be 
adopted to prevent slave trading, render more effective the prohibition or restriction 
of the sale of spirituous liquors, and to bring about gradually the disappearance of 
barbarous customs, such as cannibalism, human sacrifices, trial by poison, etc. 

" Our Secretary of State is charged with the execution of the present decree. 

"Given at Brussels, September i8th, 1896. 


'*For the King, 

"The Secretary of State Edm. Van Eetvelde." 



5HILE the Congo rail- 
way is a great im- 
provement over the 

still quite primitive, 
as will be seen from 
M rs . Frederickson's 
vivid and amusing account of the trip from 
Matadi to Tumba, which is now the end of the 
line. In a few yean, with the advent of parlor 
coache.s. this will read like ancient history. 

Taking the Train. — You will like to 
hear how we travel in Congo since the rail- 
way has been opened from Matadi to Tumba. 
The train goes to Tumba one day and re- 
turns the nent, and rests on Sunday. At half- 
past six in the morning we walked down from 
the mission house, and along the line with Mr. 
and Mrs. Bain and Mr. Harvey, to see us off. 
At the pier near by we saw the S.S. " Leopold- 
villc," in which we came out. At last we 
stopped outside a kind of store. There was no 
platform, waiting-room, tea-room, cloak- 
room, or any such luxuries, so we lingered 

on the line. The train 
past six, but did 

till SI 

We ascended from the line and 
found our seats and placed our rugs, food, 
and drinks on the floor, then waved good- 
by to our friends, and were ofl". We had 
the old engine, which, however, has done a 
noble pioneer work out here, but which 
seems to be in the habit of " breaking down." 
There was also an open wagon for the goods, 
where the third-clas.s passengers were seated 
on top of boxes, bundles, folding-chairs, etc. 
There was no second-class car except it was 
combined in the first one. This one had 
sixteen wooden seats, single ones, and a 
window up to the roof with a curt.iin, but 
without glass, for each seat, so we had 
plenty of fresh air all the time, and gladly 
put up with the rain of cinders which con- 
stantly covered our clothes. There was an 
iron floor, which was not too clean, ll was 
a ■' ladies' car." as for the fad of there being 
ladies; it was a '■ smoking car," because the 
gentlemen smoke. 


A Trip on the Congo Railway 

We were twelve passengers from Matadi, 
but I found that at every stopping-place 
Inhere white men were doing railway-work 
some more came on, so that before we 
reached Tumba we numbered twenty-two. 

The Most Interesting Views were seen 
between Matadi and Palabala. We were 
busy looking out through the open windows, 
now to the right, underneath large, over- 
banging pieces of clay, when we dared not 
put out one finger for fear of losing it ; and 
then to the left, straight down into valleys 
and rivers, and where the line is laid near 
the edge. If we were afraid that something 
would happen in crossing the Mposo river, 
there was no cause for it. While winding 
our way up the steep hills of M palabala, we 
talked about how we used to travel by the 
-caravan road, and how we crossed the Mposo 
in a small canoe, keeping up against the 
strong current. We had regular meals on 
the trip, and enjoyed much our sandwiches 
and cold tea and milk. The gentlemen 
spent the time by having meals with doubt- 
ful drinks, and by incessant smoking. We 
went along, as it seemed to me, very fast, 
when I compared it with my travelling in 
1887. I could not recognize any places ex- 
cept stations and rivers, — the scenery passed 
too fast before my eyes. About ten o'clock 
we reached Nkenge station. The name was 
painted on a plain board outside one of the 
gentlemen's houses. We could not be mis- 
taken. No bewildering advertisements were 
pasted around the name, such as *' Colman's 
Starch,'" *' Van Houten's Cocoa," or anything 
«lse. No strict conductor ever demanded 
our tickets; we gave them to Mr. Hill, our 
missionary at Tumba. 

Stopping to *» rest." — The first half of 
the journey was quite nice and so interesting 
and new, but after dinner our seats felt hard 
and we found little rest against the narrow 
board for our back. I began to think that it 
would have been wiser to have waited till 
the seventh. Twice the engine ** broke 
down," and it took nearly an hour each time 

to get it into its place again. While doing ^ 
this the passengers went for a walk along 
the line and came back in time to start. 
There were many cun-es, and sometimes we"" 
would double back, near to the line which 
we had left a few minutes before. In the 
afternoon we had a heavy rain and all the 
passengers on the left side had to move, the 
rain coming in through the open windows. 

A Qreat Convenience. — A colored man 
with a brass horn tied round his neck was 
standing at the entrance. I judged from my 
obser\'ations that he was a kind of porter. 
As to my guessing for what he used the 
, horn, I was satisfied later on, when he made 
a noise with it and the train at once stopped. 
In a minute he had jumped down and I saw 
him run back a good distance along the 
track. After awhile he returned, carrying a^ 
folding-chair belonging to one of the pas — 
sengers and which had dropped from th^- 
goods- wagon. We started again immedi — 
ately. As nothing serious happened and all 
was quiet around us, the porter dropped oflf 
to sleep with his legs outside the door, so 
that Mrs. Billington had to rouse him. The 
same happened to the one who later on took 
this place, and really we saved him from 
going down on his head and perhaps injuring 
himself. Every now and then the engine 
stopped to have a drink of water, I think 
because of its being unable to hold much at 
a time. 

Darkness and Sleep. — Luvu was passed 
at twelve- thirty and Songololoat two o'clock. 
Kuilu we crossed after dark. When the sun 
went down in its golden sea, or ♦* drank 
blood " as the natives say, we naturally 
looked out for some light in our car. But 
the short twilight disappeared and we felt 
sleepy, and hour after hour passed away, 
but no lights came. For a little while we 
quite enjoyed the modest rays of a few inches 
of candle which one of the passengers very 
generously lighted and pasted on the back 
of a seat. Now and then we noticed a faint 
light in the distance before us, but always 

An Unsatisfactory Education 


found on approaching the place that it be- 
longed to the railwayman there and went 
,3^way with him when letters were delivered 
or other business done. We looked at our 
'Watches when able to do so through the long 
l:»ours of darkness. Still, I think we owe to 
t:liat a short ** nap " which we were not able 
to obtain before because of our hard upright 

Arrived at last. — We were roused out 
of a dream by hearing our names called out 
til rough the window. I was quite startled. 
^V'e were at Tumba, and it was eleven 
o'clock. We were soon walking up to the 
Amission house, and I enjoyed much that 

night^s rest and the kindness of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hill. Our luggage was not given out 
until next morning, and we received some of 
it wet through from the rain on the journey 
or at Tumba in the night . You may judge 
at how great speed we travelled when I tell 
you that the distance from Matadi to Tumba 
measures 188 kilometers which we made in 
sixteen hours. Still we are very thankful to 
be able to make this journey in one day, 
which by using carriers or walking would 
require eight. Next time we hope for a 
good personal car, a water-tight goods- 
wagon, and a safe engine. 



T UST now there seems to be a general de- 
^ mand among the Chinese for instruction 
'^ tHe English language. A Chinese mer- 
chant offered recently to give ten thousand 
^Is of silver to a missionary society here if 
they would start an English school for 
Chinese. The offer was declined, and I 
thixxi^ rightly so. The Chinese will give 
lar^^ sums to start a school, but will not 
■^ responsible for its maintenance. There 
^ 1^0 idea of religion about it, simply of edu- 
cation. They are willing to pay for an 
Ej^glish education for their children, but 
don^t care for the responsibility of the ma- 

The results from an educational stand- 
point are not satisfactory. A very high percen- 
tage leave school with an education which is 
vrretchedly imperfect from both the Chinese 
and English point of view. Grasping at 
both, they have secured neither. I have 
had several times a leading man here bring 
his English documents to me for revision 
and correction, and he is barely able to 
^""ite a decent letter in Chinese. Yet be is 
* graduate from a Missionary College, and 

holds, or held, his important position on the 
strength of his dual education. From a 
missionary and spiritual standpoint, I feel it 
is unsatisfactory. It gives a wider capacity 
for evil and temptation, without correspond- 
ing power of resistance. Of a number of Eng- 
lish-speaking Chinese, from Tsai Pao Tai 
down to the telegraph clerks here, all mission 
trained men, some even church members, as 
*a spiritual force for the regeneration of 
China all are unsatisfactory. 

If the Chinese want schools and school- 
masters, and are able and willing to pay for 
them, let them send for the schoolmaster, 
and God bless them ! Our business, I take 
it, is to preach the gospel, to teach the word, 
and use what education we have time and 
strength to give; not to make clerks and 
traders, but to fit the convert for the work of 
God and the salvation of his fellow-country- 
men. First, the new birth, and the conse- 
crated life, then the call to service, and just 
that much and kind of education as will make 
the man's ministry of service to Christ and 
His Church. 



[Mr. Sjoblom is a native of Sweden, and is supported in his missionary work by the Baptists of Sweden^ 
through the American Baptist Missionary Union. For several years he has resided at Bolengi station, near the- 
point where the Upper Congo river crosses the Equator, and has shown great vigor and earnestness in his eiforts 
to reach the people in the towns scattered through the vast forests which extend buck from (he banks of the river. 
Some of his experiences in these untrodden fields as he toiled and suffered to preach Christ ** where he was— 
not known.**] 

'T^URNING Straight into the forest from 
*- the river, I passed one village visited 
before. When we had delivered our mes- 
sage there and rested a little we went on 
again for a few hours, when we came to a 
marsh, which it took us a long while to 
wade through. At sunset we reached one 
of the towns I passed on my first journey. 
Here I spread out my waterproof and laid 
down a few minutes, and soon 1 was en 
circled by the natives. They continued to 
gather and soon I had a large congregation. 


As the dark came on I lighted a candle. 
The lighting of the match frightened a witch 
doctor sitting close by. He could not 
understand what kind of fetishes I had in my 
possession. After service he came closer 
and asked to see mv box of matches. I 
told him to light one. He tried, but dropped 
both the match and the box. A3 they all 
laughed at him he tried once more and suc- 
ceeded, though with shaking hands. After 
a while he asked if I could give the box to 
him ; probably he thought to use it in his ser- 
vice in sight of some who had not seen it be- 
fore. I could not spare it as it was the only 
box I had with me. The following day we 
had a short service before we started. By 
and by we came to another village, where we 
stopped and had a short service. After that 
we crossed a marsh, when we came to the 
three villages I visited on my first journey. 
The people came running towards me as they 
knew me as their friend. Here I crossed the 
way of my first journey and went farther in- 
land. Before reaching the next lot of towns 
I had to wade three more marshes. 


Next day I visited five towns Luther away^ 
but as 1 heard it was near enough to returxs. 
the same day I left all my things behind a€^ 
the first place, leaving also two of the boys 
behind. I had only two boys and three 
men with me. We had again to cross two 
marshes, but at the first one we had so much 
water that I could be taken across in a small 
canoe. I had a service in each of the five 
towns, and we had a good gathering at each 
place. I had thought before to go across 
until I reached Lake Mantumba, but the 
people were rather wild yet. In feet, I heard 
afterwards that a large number of the wild 
cannibals had waylaid me in the forest only 
one hour from where I returned. I was 
afraid to get a fever being so far away and 
in a place from where it was too difficult to 
be carried, but I was thankfiil to God vfhen 
I was able to start again the following morn- 
ing. Before I started, and just after service, 
the chiefs gathered and asked me if I would 
not settle down amongst them, but I thanked 
them for the invitation and bade them fare- 
well. We waded the marshes again all 
right, except that one man carrying my 
blankets fell in the mire. 


At the first town of the three I visited .on 
my first journey we stopped for dinner, when 
I had a service again. Meanwhile I waited 
for my meal to be ready. Just as I had 
finished the service, two chiefs began to 
quarrel. One at once drew his knife and 
ran at the other, who also drew his knife, 
the people only looking on ready to take 
sides if the fight began. In a minute I got 

How J Preached the Gospel in Central Africa 205 

^ Knife from oite and held the hand of the mentioned before. I had a well attended 
^"■er, when 1 told all to be quiet a minute, service again and then came the time of 
"^y lotdced at me, wondering what 1 rest. The following day, which was Satur- 

'Otended to do. when 1 took hold of the day, I reached my home again, after having 

"got hajid of both the quarrelling ones and spent another week among the inhabitants 

P»t one arm across the other as they do of the forest. 

*hen they make blood brothers, addressing 

*hem thus; another journev. 

The next week but one 1 took my third 
journey, when 1 went in another direction, 
coming to three large towns where I stopped 
for the night. Next day I went a short dis- 
tance, when 1 came to a creek from where 1 
was taken in a canoe to five other towns where 
I stopped the following day having as many as 
eight services in different places. At night 
1 was so tired that I scarcely could take my 
supper. The following day I went a short 
distance in a canoe lo three other towns where 
1 had service in each town, returning again 
to the place where 1 slept the night before. 
The following morning I borrowed another 
canoe and turned my way toward* home. 
I went on in the small stream until I 
reached five other towns where I stopped and 
had several services. In the night the people 
tried lo break into the hut where I slept in 
order to steal some of my properties, but 
they were observed and slopped. Next 
jnorning we first came out in Basini river, 
and one hour later we saw the majestic Congo 
river again. I visited the commissary and a 
little later I reached home again. 


The natives told me of a small stream 
flowing into Lake Maniumba, when I made 
up my mind lo visit some Inland towns by 
the waterway. I went down to Irebu and 
layed a day. then to the lake. We passed 


*' In the sight of this large a.ssemb[y, you 
two are making blood brothers, and, if so, it 
mast be out of question for you both lo fight 
each other." 

Both they and the spectalors looked very 
much astonished, when at last one began lo 
laMgh, exclaiming, " How easy the white 
man can make peace I " In my heart I 

wished their bloody fights always could be several deserted towns a 

of the 

stopped as soon and easy. 

By and by we started again, stayed in 
another village and had a short service. 
crossed the marsh again and reached the 
village where I slept before. Amongst the 
first ones to meet me was the witch doctor I 

lake, and about two hours later we 
some towns very large and |)opulous. When 
we returned these last mentioned towns had 
been destroyed by tlie state forces, and not a 
single person was lo be seen, where we be- 
fore saw thousands. Some of the people 

Bou' I Preached ihe Gospel in Centra/ Africa 


have gone over to ihe French side of the 
Congo, and the others are scattered in every 
direction. Only a few can be expected back. 
AH this on accouni of the India rubber 


Next morning we went up a stream, and 
after a few hours' paddle we came to a set of 
towns where Mr. Clark has paid a visit be- 
fore. Only a short distance more and we 
came to another set of towns, but all the 
people ran away when we came, though we 
assured them we were their friends. We saw 
some far away on a plain of grass and called 
for them, but they did not like to come. We 

large marsh. By and by we came to a place 
where we could pass only on one point, 
where the natives had cut down a lot of 

I then 

er, that the 

iw the way entirely 
to go back. You 
, very little t 

closely-standing trees i 
. sUte might not easily ] 
6ght them. My men si 
closed and advised me 
will understand it needs _ _ 

these people to turn back. I took the only 
axe we had with us, stepped down in the 
water and cut off a tree. When they saw 
that, they were ashamed, and one man came 
and asked to take the axe, and then they 
worked in turn until we could pass. We went 
on a short distance, when we came to a 
similar place. There the men began to work 




J ^y '^ .^j^H^^H 




Stopped for dinner and then we started again, 
and after a short row we came to seven other 
towns. Even here ihey ran away, but one 
man, having a sore fool, could not run so 
fast, and as I gave him some cloth as a 
present, he called the other people back. 
By and by they came back, and though it 
was not very lale, I made up my mind to 
stop for the night. In all these towns they 
speak the language of the Lake Manlumba, 
though they understand a little Lunkundu. 
I had a senice in the town. All these 
towns will be easily reached from the lake. 


Next morning we started provided with a 
guide, but very soon he left us and turned 
home with one we met. It wa.'i very difficult 
to find the way, as the water flowed through a 

at once, and soon we went on again. Often 
we had to stop and cut down branches from 
the trees and lake up some of the poles ihe 
natives had put down for fishing. It was 
very tiresome. At last we came to the beach 
of the first sel ff towns of the Lunkundu- 
speaking people. 


VAY 1 


One man came down in a small canot, 
and as the boat had fa-stened in a fishing 
place we stood stilt and he did not see us 
before he was close to, when he, frightened, 
jumped down in the water, disappearing in 
the marsh. I do not think I ever saw a man 
so terror- stricken as ihis man : still he feared 
and fled from his best friends. When I 
reached Baolongo, I saw I could not go 
farther with the lx>at, but had to leave it 
there and go overland to Bolengi. 


[Oar missionary, Mr. C. H. Harvey, in replying to the suggestion of somebody that the work on the Congo- 
be given up, on account of its difficulties, thus writes in ** Regions Beyond."] 

T ET me submit at the outset that the 
.■^^ onus of proof rests with those who 
urge the giving up of the Congo work. They 
must show cause why the field should be 
abandoned, inasmuch as the work is not of 
yesterday, but was commenced some eighteen 
years ago. Moreover, it has established its 
right to exist by the hundreds and even 
thousands of natives who have been won 
from heathenism, and are to-day sincere fol- 
lowers of Christ. Further, it is not a ques- 
tion of the selection of a field. If it were, 
it might be desirable to weigh such matters 
as the healthiness of the climate and prob- 
abilities of success, in order to determine 
which was the open door. But having en- 
tered the door set open by God, we may not 
close it again by withdrawing. We have 
put our hands to the plough and must not 
look back, at the peril of being unfitted for 
the privilege of helping further in the exten- 
tion of His Kingdom. 

•* Behold I have set before you an open 
door.'' That the Congo field was an open 
door — set open by Divine Providence — 
was generally recognized by Christian people 
at the time that Mr. H. M. Stanley published 
his •* Across the Dark Continent.'' What has 
occurred since to alter this opinion? The 
situation is practically the same now as then, 
as regards the glorious opportunities that in- 
vite, with this important difference, that it 
is no longer a matter of trust as to whether 
the Congo natives are susceptible of being 
•influenced by Christian teaching, for, thank 
God, that is abundantly evident. The prin- 
cipal reason put forward for abandoning the 
Congo is the sickness and death of some of 
the missionaries. 

It cannot, of course be denied that a con- 
siderable number of men and women have 
died, or become disabled in connection with 
Congo work, nor is it to be wondered at. It 

was only to be expected that in such an en- 
terprise many must become victims to the 
climate, or fall out of the ranks through in- 
ability to bear up against adverse influences. 
But what then? Is it such an unheard-of 
thing that men and women should yield up 
their lives in a noble cause ? Is not the same 
thing being done at home continually ? Our 
firemen, life-boat crews, soldiers, and sailors 
by the thousand are ever hazarding their 
lives, and frequently they lose them ; but no 
one thinks the sacrifice too great, or that it 
ought to be prevented. In what respect are 
the lives of missionaries more precious than 
others? Assume that it is expedient that 
some should die that whole nations perish 
not what is there in the nature of the sacri- 
fice that warrants special interference ? 

If the sailor who sees a shipmate struggling 
in the water jumps in to rescue him and haz- 
ards his life, notwithstanding that he has no 
hope as regards the life to come, why should 
not the missionary attempt the rescue of 
his unfortunate fellow-men from their awfiil 
spiritual danger? What is there about death 
to the Christian that should make him shrink 
from it, when others brave it with sometimes 
the certainty of having to endure it? Is it 
right so to value this present existence that we 
hesitate to risk it even to aid in the enlighten^ 
ment and salvation of those ready to perish 
for lack of knowledge? Disobedience to a 
Divine command, neglect of a plain duty, for- 
bearing to stretch forth the hand to save those 
who might be rescued from the pit of destruc- 
tion. — are not these worse things? 

The conclusion we come to, therefore, is 
that there is not sufficient reason for giving 
up the Congo work. On the contrary, it may 
be contended that until the marching orders, 
♦*Goye into all the world and preach the 
Gospel to every creature,"' are countermanded 
we have simply no option in the matter. 




/^UR Baptist young people should begin 
^^ their church life with systematic and 
proportionate giving for the work of the 
** Kingdom ^^ at home and abroad, since 
* * the field is the world ; the good seed are 
the children of the kingdom." — Matt. 

The great commission of Matt. 28: 18-20, 
and Acts i : 8 was given to the Apostles and 
to all who should accept Christ and be led 
by the Spirit in this age. Our Savior prom- 
ised to be with his followers all the days 
until the bringing to an end of the age. 
[See R. v., margin.] 

The age mentioned includes the time in 
which we live. 

The great commission cannot be accepted 
in fragments without seriously disfiguring 
the atoning sacrifice of our Savior upon 
the cross from which he had a far-away look 
over coming Europe, the land of the Angles 
and Saxons, Britain, the fiiture America, 
the cold north lands, the great dark con- 
tinent, the Orient, and the isles of the sea. 
Where He looked we must look. Whom 
He loved we must love. For whom He 
prayed we must pray. For whom He gave 
we must give. 

We must send the Gospel to the whole 
world and leave the results with God. 

We should send out the light over the 
world-field because under the present admin- 
istration of the Spirit we thus clear the way 
for the greater victories of the future. Our 
beloved New England secretary of our Mis- 
sionary Union, Dr. W. S. McKenzie, in 
correspondence not long before his death 
emphasized the following little legacy of 
truth: **We can carry Christ to the whole 
world, and when that is done, Christ will 
bring the whole world into subjection to 

himself. He will not permit any country 
or nation to have a monopoly of his 

Again, our young people should give 
to foreign missions because such beneficence 
insures rich spiritual blessing. Jesus is now 
manifested at the * * right hand of God " 
interceding for the repentant and answering 
the prayers of believers ; but soon after he 
went within the ** holiest" the Holy Spirit 
descended to be with the church in power. 
Obedience in publishing the Glad Tidings to 
all the world brings into our lives and thus 
into our churches the energy of the Spirit 
which makes our mission delightful and soul- 

The church with the ** far-away look" 
may not increase so rapidly in numbers nor 
see such waves of physical energy as 
neighboring churches with their auditorium 
crowded by the use of worldly devices, 
but the little band will have the power to 
touch the corners of the earth via the throne 
of God, and on the resurrection morn have a 
magnificent company of redeemed from every 
land as its * * crown of life " and sheaves of 
the harvest. Again we quote from Dr. 
McKenzie's letter : ** Too many are spending 
all their strength in getting a few converts 
and building up a church when they should 
be looking forward and laboring for the 
great ingathering and revelation of Divine 
glory when the * Gospel of the kingdom ' 
shall have been preached * for a witness 
unto all nations.' (Matt. 24:14.) Hence 
there is such slow growth, such meagre 
success, in spite of the immense and 
earnest work that is done in the churches. 
Oh, for a broader, clearer, keener vision for 
our ])astors and churches in relation to 
God's plans and purposes for the redemption 



and re-conquest of the world ! " Further he 
adds : * * Then again we should place more 
stress upon prayer to God for success than 
on pleas addressed to men for money. We 
may, by touching appeals based on the wants 
and woes of perishing men, arouse human 
pity and enlist human aid, but by prayer 
we yoke into service the omnipotence of 

Such is the prayer-bom message of our 
departed leader. Dear young people of our 
God- blessed Baptist denomination, search 
the Scriptures and you will discover that our 
secretary left for us a ringing watchword for 
a new crusade of prayer and missionary 
activity. Our present splendid effort to pay 
the debts of our great societies is the prod- 
uct of many prayers to God from all parts 
of the field and culminating in a night of 
prayer in the *• upper chamber" in the city 
of Boston. 

This Jacob-like appeal moved the throne, 
and our extremity was God's opportunity. 

Within three days the intense strain was 
sensibly relieved by prospective financial 
gifts. Let us with glad hearts make sacri- 
• fices and contribute our gifts toward lifting 
the great debt, and we may then properly 
pray for and expect the future to be teeming 
witn genuine revival power and harvest. 

Give to foreign missions, because you will 
thus become interested in the progress of 
the kingdom of which the church is a part. 
You will wish to learn the prospect of your 
investments. You will be incited to the 
study of the proph ^ "•-': of God's Word con- 
cerning coming triumphs. Rom. nth, with 
its term ** fulness of the Gentiles "and the 
description of ** Israel's" acceptance of 
Christ as a people before his second coming, 
will seem like a new chapter. Rev. 14:6, 
with its graphic reference to the angel of 
missions, will stir you to new spiritual and 
financial activities for the growth of the king- 
dom of our risen Christ in this missionary era 
of the program of redemption. 



MAINE, $1,622.74. 

Greenville, Union ch. for the 


Thorn aston ch. per J. H. 


Warren en. per J. H. Parsh. 


New Sweden, Sw. ch 

Belfast ch 

Belfast Y. P. S. C. E., " C. 

E. Day" off 

North East Harbor Y. P. S. 


North East Harbor S. S. ... 

Buckfield ch 

Uuinford Falls ch 

Lcwiston ch. special, from 

two members 

Lewiston, i st ch 

Lewiston, istch. Rev. W.N. 


Lewision, ist ch. Mrs. Has- 


Eu«t Winlhrop ch 

Auburn, Court St. S. S 

Aul>urn, Court St. ch 

Auburn, Court St. Y. P. S. 




17 93 

4 55 



3 25 

























6 so 

Skowhegan, Bethany ch.... 
Skowhegan, Bethany Y. P. 

S.C. E 

Skowhegan, ist ch 

South Parish ch 

South West Harbor, Mrs. A. 

W. Clark, for the debt .... 

Canton ch 

Ellsworth ch 

Cary ch 

Portland, ist ch 

Portland, Free St. Y. P. S. 


Portland, ist ch. add'l pri> 

mary class 

Portland, Free St. ch. S. S.. 

Portland, ist ch. S. S 

Portland, Free St. ch 

Harrington Y. P. S. C. E. 

tow. sup. n. pr. Willie L. 

Clark, care Rev. Joseph 

Clark, Conjro 

Harrington ch 

Waterville, ist ch. S. S. for 

sup. n. pr. Lamboram, 

care Rev. P. H. Moore, 


Waterville, \. H. Philbrick, 
Waterville Y. P. S. C. E.... 

10; 90 

I a 50 
5 00 

n 54 
35 00 
10 00 


ic 00 

18 00 

>9 39 

5 00 

2« S3 
I 00 

a 00 

'55 30 

II 41 ; 

7 so! 

as 00 1 

■y.^ 00 

Waterville, istch.. 

Oakland ch 

Sanford ch 

.Sanford Y. P. S. C. E 

Bangor, ist ch. Miss A. T. 


Bangor, ad S. S 

Bangor, ad ch 

Manset Primary Band 

Houlton, I St ch S. S 

Houlton Y. P. S. C. E 

Houlton ch 

South Dover ch 

Norway ch 

Norway S. S. and Y. P. 


Turner ch. and S. S 

Lamoine ch, •'Self-denial'* 


Kennebunkport ch 

Gardiner, i st ch . . 

East Sumner ch 

West Sumner ch 

Cape Neddick ch 

Saco, Main St. ch 

North Vassalboro Y. P. S. 

C. E 

Fairfield, istch 

Dexter ch. for the debt 

5S 18 


as 00 

a 50 

S 00 

14 70 



10 00 

15 00 
8 00 

a 50 


8 50 

»3 07 

14 00 

35 00 

13 00 

15 00 



a 00 





Hallowell C. £. Society and 

%n€oo8* ••••• ••••••••••••• lips o^ 

Castine, Wm. H. Sargent. . . 50 oo 

Xorth lliv«rmore ch 4 00 

Cariboacb 700 

Caribou, C. £. Voun^ 5 00 

Sooth Aroostook Quarterly 

Meeting %\xi 

Calais, ad ch. add'l 48 45 

Prcs()ue Isle Y. P. S. C. £., a 00 
Harrison, Murray Mission 

Band. a 00 

^'avnech 5 a3 

^'ayne Y. P. S. C. E 500 

Wayne Willing Workers... a so 

Bar Harbor Y. P. S.C. E... 369 

Augusta ch 5000 

So. Waterboro ch 300 

Buxton Center ch ao 00 

Tenant's Harbor ch as 00 

Freeportch 10 18 

Frecport Y. P. S. C. E 300 

£astportch 15 58 

Cambridge ch 3 00 

Bradfordch 60 

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£astCorinlhch C3 

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West Hampden ch 375 

Great Works ch 8^ 

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Edench 750 

Comviile ch 100 

St. George ch 6 10 

Alna Y. P. S. C. £. tow. 

the debt 600 

Aiiia ch. tow. the debt. ..... ao 00 

Alna S. S. tow. the debt .... 5 00 

South Norridgewock, Miss 

Sarah £. Taylor, tow. the 

debt 5 00 

Franklin S. S a 50 

South Berwick, ch. of wh. 

|io is from Rev. I. B. 

Mower, for the debt 109 00 

South Berwick V.P.S.C.E.. 13 76 

South Berwick S. S la 00 

Charleston ch. tow. sup. n^ 

prs. Saw.She-Shoand Saw. 

Ka-Moo, care Dr A. 

Bunker.^ 3500 

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $1,465.79. 

Amherst S.S $100 

Amherst Y. P. S. C. £ 173 

Plaistow ch 7 00 

Plaislow Y.P. S. C. £ 300 

Rumney Y. P. S. C.E 334 

Claremont, ist ch. Y. P. S. 

C. £ ... 5 00 

Claremont ch. for the debt.. ia 00 

Chesham ch ac 00 

Sanborn ton, ad ch o oa 

Sanbornton ad ch. Y. P. S. C. 

£ 300 

Sanbornton, ist ch 3 5a 

Sanbornton, ist ch. tow. the . 

debt I 00 

Warner Y. P. S. C. £ 400 

Manchester, Merrimack St. 

ch. 50 00 

Man^ester, People's ch.... aoo 00 
Manchester, Merrimack St. 

S. S. tow. the debt 500 

Manchester, ist ch Sa 00 

Manchester, People's ch. 

Y.P. Soc'y 1300 

Greenville S. S 500 

North Sanbornton ch a 10 

Woodstock ch a 50 

Brentwood Corner ch. for 

tbedebt. 59 <x) 

Stratlbrd ch...ttt 1000 

Salem Depot ch 

Salem Depot S. S 

Campton Village ch 

Lyme Centre, E. P. Merri- 


East Jaflrey, Y. P. S. C. E. . 
Wilton, .Mrs. C. Sheldon, $5, 

Miss H. Hardy, $5, tow. 

the debt 

Decrfield ch 

Plainfield Y. P. S. C. E 

£. Weare, G. Majro 

Berlin ch 

Stratham ch 

Stratham Y. P. S. C. E 

Newton Junction ch 

North Conway ch 

Nashua, Crown Hill ch 

Nashua, ist ch 

New London, a friend 

New London ch 

Newport ch. add'l .... 
Franklin Falls, 1st ch. 

South Lyndeboro S. S. and 

Londonderry ch 

New Boston ch. add'! 

New Boston S. S 

New Boston Y. P. Soc'y. . . . 

Dover, Central Ave. ch 

Dover ch 

Somersworth Y.P 

Somersworth ch 

North Sutton ch 

Hopkinton, ist ch 

Dunbarton, 1st ch 

Troy ch 

Troy, A. S.Clark 

Peterboro ch 

Antrim ch 

Wilton ch 

Miltord, I St ch 

Exeter, 1st ch 

Exeter, ist ch.V. P. S 

Concord, Pleasant St. ch. ... 

Concord, Swedish ch. Y. P. 

Conway, Miss L. H. l^amb- 

Warner S. S 

Hudson Centre ch 

Derry Depot ch 

VERMONT, $i,33S.a5 

Windsor ch 

Passumpsic ch. and S. S. . . . 

Middletown Springs ch 

Bennington, ist ch 

Bennington, ist ch. Y. P. S. 
C. E 

Bennington, ist ch., friend.. 

North Bennington ch 

To apply on sal. of Miss 

Bennington ch. V. P. S. C. 
E., to apply on sal. Miss 
C. A. Converse 

Rutland, Mrs. M. T. Hamil- 

Rutland ch 

Rutland ch., for Miss Con- 
verse's salary 

iohnson V. P. S. C. £ 
Turlington, 1st ch. (of wh. 
$19.10 is tow. sup. n. pr. 
Pothepogu Henryl care of 
Rev. W. R. Manley 

Geort^ia Plain ch 

Grafton ch. S. S. and Y. P.. 

Ludlow chs., for famine suf- 
ferers in India, care Rev. 
F. Kurtz, Vinnkonda 

Ludlow ch 

9 00 

3 00 
10 la 

10 00 

> SQ 
3 00 
3 00 
a 00 
la 00 
3 00 
7 00 

3 SO 

la 00 

119 67 

a so 


3 00 

16 07 

15 00 

a 50 



3a 00 

7 91 
6 sa 

45 00 

aa 59 

3 AS 

4 00 

5 35 
as 00 

14 00 

ao 00 

8 10 
iSi 66 

44 36 


8j 00 

9 40 


9 «5 

16 00 

10 00 
36a 00 

as 00 

5 00 

3' 00 

as 00 

16 42 

S 00 
64 aS 

5 »o 

10 00 
SO 00 

12 00 
88 60 


86 I 

la 00 i 

45 00 ! 

Ludlow Y. P. S. C. E. for 

the debt $381 

Fairfax ch 1300 

E. Charlotte ch 10 00 

E. Chariotte Y. P. S. C. E. . a 00 
Montgomery Centre, Mr. 

and .Mr5 G. W. Wright . i 00 

Pownal ch ai 00 

Wallingford ch 190c 

E. Bethel ch 375 

New fane, Mr. C. W. Steb- 

New fane, Mrs. C. W Steb-, 

bins ' ^00 

Randolph, ist ch ■ . . 3s 35 

Hinesburg ch 900 

Derby ch 1350 

DerbyB. Y. P. U 300 

Manchester Centre, to apply 

on salary of Miss C. A. 

Converse 500 

Sharon ch 1500 

Brattleboro, *• S " 1000 

Brattleboro, ist ch. ... .... 17658 

Brattleboro. istch S.S. ... 4 46 

West Brattleboro ch, la 50 

WestRratlleboroY.P.S.C.E. 1000 

East Dover ch 400 

EastHubbardton ch 350 

West Rutland ch. (of wh. 

$5 is for Rev. Geo. H. 

Natl) 9 00 

Montpelier, ist ch 1000 

Barre ch 459 

Whilingham ch., for the 

debt 500 

Shaftsbury ch. (of wh. $is 

is for sal. of Miss C. A. 

Coi. .'orse) 31 ao 

Cavcndiith ch ao 00 

Monkton ch i 00 

Bristol ch 76 48 

Bristol Y. P. S. C. E S 00 

Whiting ch 3 54 

N. Troy ch 7 00 

MASSACHUSETTS, $a6,697.7a. 

Fitchburg, ist ch. Mrs. Mial 

Davils, tow. the debt, and to 

const, herself H . L. M. . .$100 00 
Fitchburg, ist ch. Mrs. A. C. 

Farkhurst, deceased, tow. 

the debt 500 00 

Fitchburg^, ist ch. (of which 

$ia3.i3 IS for the debt) ... 34000 

Fitchburg Highland ch 17 68 

East Somervillc ch 141 75 

Somerville, Adam Dods.... 35 00 
Somerville, Perkins St. ch. 

on Cross St 14960 

East Somerville ch. S. S.. .. 1500 
East Somerville ch. B. Y. 

P. U 10 00 

Winchester, ist ch ao 00 

Winchester, A. S. Palmer, 

tow. the debt s 00 

Haverhill, ist ch., friend, for 

debt I so 

Haverhill, ist ch 3' 76 

Haverhill, Mt. Washington 

ch. (of which $1.75 is from 

Jr. Union, and $6. as for 

work among the Chinese), 16 00 
Haverhill, istch. B.Y.P.U., 3 7s 
East Haverhill ch., of which 

$5.00 is for Rev. D. C. 

Bixhy 1000 

South Framingham, Park St. 

ch I a 60 

Sutton, istch S 00 

Cambridge, 1st ch. R. Y. P. 

U. for Rev. Alfred C. Ful- 

ler's work, Podili, India.. 68 CO 
Cambridge, Broadway ch... 31 19 



Cambridf^e, Inman Sq. S. S., $io oo 

Cambridf^e, ist ch. S. S ao oo 

Cambridge, Inman Sq. ch... 5 35 

Cambridfce, istch...'. 7^49 

Cambridge, J. S. Paine .... 200 00 

Cambridge, ad ch 3367 

Cambridge, Hon. C. W. 

Kingsley 800 00 

Cambridge, North Avenue 
ch. (of which $50 is special 
from Mrs. H. R. Glover, for 

work of Mrs. Ingalls 450 00 

Old Cambridge ch. (of which 

$^S.o8 is from S. S 1137 01 

Hudson, Geo. H. Cass and 
wife, tow. sup. D. Chinish 
n. pr. care Rev. W. S. 

Davis, Nellore 6 00 

Hudson ch 41 67 

Hudson, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. 
Cass, tow. sup. Sah Kler, 

care Dr. Bunker 700 

Melrose, I St ch. S. S 35^5 

Melrose, ist ch 834 05 

Melrose, Fells ch 700 

Melrose, 1st ch. B. Y. P. U., 17 34 
Melrose Highlands ch. S.S. 

and Y. P 1000 

North Adams, ist ch. tow. 
sal. Samuel Taree, care 

Rev. E. N. Harris 100 00 

Nqrth Adams ch 350 00 

North Adams S. S 2500 

North Adams B. Y. P. U... as 00 

Littleton Y. P. S. C. E 500 

Littleton ch aa 00 

Mt. Hermon School Mission- 
arv Society, for the debt.. 5 00 

Southboro, a friend 10 00 

Lowell, Immanuel ch. B. Y. 

P.U 5 00 

Lowell, istch 143 33 

Lowell, Worthcn St. ch 37 18 

Lowell, Immanuel ch. tow. 
sup. Guddela Henry, care 

Rev. \V. A. Stanton 800 

Lowell, Branch St. S. S '7 7> 

Lowell, Branch St. ch. (of 
which $13.48 is for W. F. 
Hills and family, for Rod- 
amulla Rclly, care of Dr. 

Clough) 7664 

Urookville S. S 500 

Brookville ch. add'l 500 

Brockton, ist ch. B.Y.P.U., 5 00 

Brockton, ist ch 57 57 

Brockton, Warren Ave. ch., 17 55 
Brockton, Sw. ch. tow. sup. 
Mah L.1, care of Rev. C. L. * 

Davenport la 50 

Brockton, North ch 1007 

Jamaica Plain Y. P. S. C. E. 
("C. E. Day" offering, 

$6.05) 7 80 

Jamaica Plain, Centre St. ch., 16 00 

Jamaica Plain S. S 1000 

Jamaica Plain Y. P. S. C. E., 500 
Fairhaven, F. C. Lyon, for 
famine sufferers, care of 
Rev. \V. A. Stanton, Kur- 

nool . I 00 

Dorchester, Temple ch. (by 

Rev. D. B. Gunn, $15) ... 55 00 
Dorchester, Temple ch. Y.P. 

S.C. E 17 00 

Dorchester, Immanuel ch.(of 
which $1 is fr. Miss Smith), 5 65 

Dorchester, a friend 5 00 

North Sciluate S. S. for the 

debt 5 I a 

North Scituatc ch 44 00 

Rockland Y.P. S.C. E a 00 

Rockland ch 38 00 

Winlhrop, 1st ch 4000 

Charlestown, ist S. S 5000 

Charlestown, F. O. Reed ..$aoo 00 
Charlestown, Bunker Hill 

ch 100 00 

Charlestown, Bunker Hill 

S. S. 1500 

WestDedhamch 1358 

West Dcdham Y.P.S.C.E.. . a 50 

Middleboro*, Central ch 87 94 

Middleboro* B. Y. P. U. ... 44 70 

Randolph B. Y. P. U., to 

apply tow. sup. n. prs. Da- 

sary Gurariah and PuUay 

Yacobu, care Rev. John 

Newcomb i a 50 

Worcester, a friend 5 00 

Worcester, Miss Cora L. 
Morse, for the sup. Moung 
Shway Paw Oo, n. pr. of 
Sandoway, Burma, care 
Rev. C. L. Davenport ... 15 00 
Worcester, Adams Sq. ch... 15 00 
Worcester, Adams Sq. Y.P., 10 70 

Worcester, South ch 61 33 

Worcester, South ch., Wc 

man's Circle a 60 

Worcester, 1st ch. Y. P. S. 
C. E. for sup. n. pr. Moung 
Shway Paw Oo, care of 
Rev.C. L. Davenport, San- 
doway 15 00 

Worcester, Rev. B. D. Mar. 
shall (of which $75 is 

towards the debt) 100 00 

Worcester, a friend ao 00 

Worcester, Wm. H. Newton, 15 00 
Worcester, Dewey St. ch. 

Y. XT. o. v^. Jb>. .•....*. a. . II 75 

Worcester, Main St. ch 364 37 

Worcester, Pleasant St. ch., 60 50 
Worcester, Lincoln Sq. ch. . 105 03 

Chelsea, Cary Ave. ch 10000 

Chelsea, Cary Ave. Y. P. S. 

C.E 350 

Chelsea, ist ch 343 58 

Chelsea, 1st ch. B. Y. P. U., 10 00 
Chelsea, ist ch. D. W. Lee. . 3C 00 

West Royalston ch §00 

West Royalston S. S 5 00 

West Royalston Y. P. S. 

C. E a 00 

Springfield, State St. ch 54 83 

Springfield, Highland ch. .. 50 00 
Springfield, Highland S. S., 15 00 
Sprin^lield, Highland Y. P. 

Sprin^ticld, ist ch. (of wh. 

$^3.S^ is for the debt) 151 31 

Springheld, a friend 75 

Springfield, Geo. Billings, 

tow. sal. Rev. John Mc- 

Guire, Mandalav 500 

Springfield, Carlisle Mission 4 40 

Whitman, ist ch 16 35 

Dighton ch 535 

Dighton ch. B. Y. P. U 7 ^o 

Dighton ch. S. S 4 S5 

New Bedford, Nortli S. S., 

Miss Montgomery's class 

for famine sufferers, care 

Rev. W. E. Hopkins 310 

New Bedford, North ch. (of 

wh. $3.63 is fr. S. S 87 54 

New Bedford, istch.S.S... 15 00 

New Bedford, ist ch 8040 

Warwick ch 50 

Vineyard Haven ch.. Rev, 

and Mrs. D. F. Chessman, 5 00 

Canton ch 1400 

Canton Ladies' Mission Cir* 

cle, for the debt 1000 

Russell ch 1000 

Russell Y. P. Fairfield 

Branch 500 

Necdham, istch 53 00 

West Actou ch. .,....,...• .^ 45 35 

West Acton S.S $at5 oo 

North Marshficld, No. ch. 

S.S 700 

North Reading ch 5 35 

Shelbume Falls, Tc. Unioa. a 50 

Shelburne Falls en 4000 

Wakefield ch xoo 00 

Everett, ist ch 3736 

West Town send ch 500 

North Easton ch 300 

Easton B. Y. P. U a 00 

Easton, E. D. Howard .1... 100 

Easton, Mrs. Howard a 00 

Easton, Geo. H. Howard... a 00 
Boston, Warren Ave. ch. of 

wh. $aoo is for sup. Kity- 

ang Mission, care Rev. 

William Asbmdre, D.D.,. 461 00 
Boston, Warren Ave. ch., 

Mr. Susan £, Parker.... ^00 

Boston, Mariners' ch 15 00 

Boston, Mariners' ch. B. Y. 

P.U 500 

Boston, a friend 150 

Boston, East, Central iii s8 
Boston, East, Central Sq. 

Boston, East, Central Sq. 

S. S 4 00 

Boston, ist ch. of wh, $90 is 

for the debt aga 88 

Boston, Roxbury, Bethamy 

ch 16900 

Boston, Roxbunr, Bethany 

Y. r» d, K^m Jo... . • . • a . . . . . IC 00 

Boston, Clarendon St. ch. 
Y. P. S. C. E. of wb. $iQo 
is fr. Miss Ella D. Mac 
Laurin. Also $135 tow. 
sal. Mr. and Mrs. 'I*homas 
Hill, Congo, and $5.00 
from Rev. W. E. Witter. . 410 36 

Boston, 1st German ch 15 00 

Boston, Dudley St. ch aoo 00 

Boston, a friend for the debt, 5 00 
Boston, South, 4th St. ch. 

X • Mr m Os V^» J3>* ••••••••••• C 00 

Boston, Ruggles St. ch 435 00 

Boston, Ruggles St. S. S... 100 00 
Boston, Ruggles St. B. Y. 

P.U 1899 

Boston, Brighton Ave. Y. 

P. S. C. E. tow. sup. Nak- 

Kawa San, care Rev. S. W. 

Hnmblcn, Sendai la CO 

Boston, Hyde Park ch 136 06 

Boston, ist ch., Samuel N. 

Brown i,aoo 00 

Boston, Clarendon St. ch. of 

wh. $10 is from Rev. W. £. 

Witter , 340 78 

Boston, Roslindalech 304 06 

Boston, Roslindale Y. P. S. 

C.E 61 46 

Boston, Tremont Temple ch. 976 7a 
Boston, Tremont Temple Y. 

P. S. C. E. tow. the debt.. 11 67 
Boston, Wollaston Heights 

ch.. «09 34 

Southbridge, Central S. S. 

for sup. n. pr. Moung 

Hmay, care Rev. C. L. 

Davenport, Sandoway.... 2$ 00 
Southbridge, Robert H.'Cole i co 00 

Southbridge, Central ch 187 33 

Rochdale ch ^45 

Holyoke, ist ch. and Y. P, 

S. C. E. (of wh. $as is for 

the debt) 13500 

Holyoke, ad ch 150 00 

Bolton ch. for the debt aa 67 

Bolton, Mrs. Painelia Ann 

Powers, deceased 633 33 

Danversport, Rev. and Mrs. 

Chas, F. Holbrook, in 



memory of Carl £. Hoi. 

brook, and const. Dca. C. 

H. Whipple, Peabody, 

Mass., H. L>* M •.•..$10000 

Danversport S. S 15 00 

Danversport ch 3000 

Charlemontch 10 50 

Marlboro ch 3200 

Marlboro Y. P. S. C. E 8 00 

Billericach 11 S7 

Ashland ch i 74 

Maiden, 1st Y P. S. C. £. 

tow. sal. of Rev. J. £. 

Cuminings S5 00 

Lynn, £ssex St. ch 15 00 

Lvnn, Essex St. Y. P. S. C. 


Lynn, Essex St. Y. P. S.,C. 

E.,Jr 100 

Lynn, East ch i<>5 50 

Lynn, I si ch 3500 

Lynn, Washington St. ch... 624 02 

Sheldonville ch 737 

Gloucester, a friend 500 00 

Gloucester Woman's Circle 

of istch. tow. sup. n. tr. 

** Rebecca" 30 00 

Gloucester, Chapel St. ch. . . ja 38 
Middlefielu, Lucy S. New- 
ton, tow. the deot 5 00 

Fall River, ad ch., Hon. J. 

M.Leonard 100 00 

Fall River, ad ch. Y. P. S. 

C. E., tow. sup. Bu.Tha . . 20 00 

Fall River, istch 758 So 

Fall River, 3d ch 550 

Willimanselt, Bculahch i 00 

Fiskdale 13 SS 

Princeton Depot, H. H. 

Bartlett 5 00 

West Rox bury ch 15 00 

Walthara, Beth-Eden ch. ... 67 30 
West Fitchburg. Beth-Eden 

ch / 5 00 

Kdg^artown, ist ch 250 

Natick, ist ch. S. S 1000 

Natick, i»t ch. Jr. C. E a 00 

Natick, ist ch 35 14 

Newton, Immanuel Y. P S. 

C. E. for the debt 10 00 

Newton Centre, Society oi 

Missionary Inquiry, Tneol. 

Seminary 5^ ^9 

Newton Centre ch ^73 69 

South Hanson ch n 34 

North Oxford ch 5 70 

Norwell, Miss Lucy Turner, 12 00 
Westfield, Central ch. Jr. 

Union tow. debt 1000 

Westfield Central ch 36 8S 

Westfield, Central ch. B. Y. 

Westfield Central ch. S. S.. . 10 00 

Ayer ch. and Y. P. S. C. E.. 12 50 

Baldwinvllle ch 30 00 

Baldwin ville ch. tow. the 

debt 7 00 

North Grafton ch 45 00 

Carver ch 7 00 

Petersham Y. P. S. C. C. . . . 2 50 

Petersham, a friend. 2 00 

Bellingham ch 13 25 

A friend for the debt of the 

Union 10 00 

Brookline, istch 463 75 

Medford, ist ch 186 S5 

Norwood, ist ch. (of wh. 
CO cts. is fr. Jr. Society, $7 
fr. Y. P. S. C. E. ; $5, fr. 

S. S 55 90 

Arlington ch 12736 

Reading, istch 300 

Wobum, istch. (of wh. $25 

is fr. Y. P. S. C. E 150 54 

Wobnra* St. John's ch. .•••• a 00 

Grafton ch $8 65 

Colerame, ist ch ao 00 

Coleraine, ist ch. S. S 2 34 

Coleralne, ist ch. Y. P. S. C. 

E 466 

Northampton, Miss Emma 

Beckman for the debt 3 00 

HighamS.8 8 co 

South Gardner ch 44 o5 

Lawrence, ist ch la 50 

Lawrence, 3d ch. for sup. 

Rev. Thomas Adams 305 00 

Lawrence, 2d ch. ** Light 
Bearers,*' for sup. Rev. 

Thomas Adams 20 00 

Dcdham, 2d ch 15 7> 

Sharon, Rev. E. F. Merriam, 
to consL Mrs. W. E. Wit- 

ter, an H. L. M too 00 

Chicopec Central ch 15 00 

Chicopee Falls ch 150 00 

Wollaston ch. Y. P. S. C. E. 

tow. the debt 750 

Chatham, Mrs. J. B.Read.. 3 00 
Chatham, Miss Rhoda At- 
kins 100 

Chatham Y. P. Union 1 00 

Raynham Y. P. Union 10 00 

Ravnhara ch 18 75 

Still River ch >> 34 

Orange, istch 2000 

Amherstch 1350 

Huntington ch 1900 

Huntington S. S 1000 

Huntington Y. P. U 500 

West Medway ch 4 00 

Oxford, Mrs. Eliza L. New- 
ton 25 00 

North Bi Her ica ch 4500 

Amesburv ch 11 63 

Holden ch. (of wh. $22.41 ^^ 
fr. Y. P. S. C. E. ior work 
of Rev. S. W. Hamblen, 

Japan) 72 ^ 

Weymoulh| istch loS 50 

Highlandvillech. (ofwh.$io 

is for the debt) 70 50 

Highlandvllle Y. P. S.C. E, 
tom. sup. n. pr. c. o. Rev. 
C. L. Davenport, Sando. 

way 15 00 

Kingston ch. Burditt Mis- 
sion Circle 1000 

Newburyport ch 50 00 

North Leverett ch 1225 

North Attlcboro ch 5 00 

Lower Mills ch 1000 

Foxboro ch. ^59 

Leominster Central ch 101 00 

Palmer ch 'o 53 

East Brooktield ch 1587 

Becketch. (of wh. $ioistow. 

the debt) 33 00 

Tyringham ch 5 00 

Hanover ch 75 00 

Methuen ch 3667 

Methuen y. P 165 

Granville ch '6 35 

Granville S. S 1000 

Watertown ch 350 00 

New Marlboro ch i\ 00 

Taunton, Winthrop St. ch. . 41S 10 

Westminster ch 45 00 

Agawam, istch 131 30 

Agawam, 1st ch. S. S 3 43 

Agawam, ist ch. Y. P. S. C. 

E 3 ^7 

Athol S. S 1000 

Athol Y. P. S. C. E 8 2^» 

Salem Central ch 32 26 

Salem, 1st ch 200 00 

Marshiield, North ch 20 00 

Medficld, ist ch 82 Si 

Medfield Y. P. S. C. E 1225 

Cummkigton ch 5 00 

Clinton ch. (of wh. $5 is for 
the debt, and $19.3^ for 

sup. Solomon Vencutiah) . $34 33 

Mansfield Y. P. S. C. E 1500 

Pittsfield, ist ch. Y. P. S. C. 

B. 1440 

Three Rivers ch 11 00 

Framin^ham, istch 4^05 

Chelmsford Central ch. tow. 

the debt 35 00 

Mass., a friend 3>i50 00 

RHODE ISLAND, $1,830.54. 

Point Judith ch 60 00 

Pawtucket, Woodlawn ch... 13 78 

Pa wtuckct. Wood lawn S. S., 2013 

Pawtucket, istch 3S1 48 

Pawtucket, Woodlawn ch, 

Robert Wilson, Thank. 

offering 5 00 

Providence, South ch 30 00 

Providence, ist ch. (of wh. 

$11.80 is con. coll.) ^'°1^ 

Providence, 1st ch. S. S. ... 33 93 
Providence, Jefferson St. ch. 

(oi wh. $34.60 is tow. the 

debt; 9578 

Providence, Jefferson St. 

S. S 1600 

Providence, Mt. pleasant ch., 19 64 

Providence, Geo. W.Wilson, 2500 

Providence, Broadway ch... ot 55 

Providence, Stewart St. ch.. 60 00 
Providence, Stewart St. ch. 

s. s 5431 

Providence, Central ch no 00 

Providence, Cranston St. ch., 
Y.P. S.C. E. (of wh. $20 
is bal. tow. sup. Saw Koo 
Keh, n. pr. care Dr. Bun- 
ker) 25 87 

Providence, Cranston St. ch., 22S 63 

Providence, Pearl St. ch 60 00 

Mt. Vernon ch 350 

Block Island ch 500 

Block Island Y. P. S. C. E.. 10 00 

E. Greenwich ch 559 

E. Greenwich S. S 1500 

Jamestown Y. P. S. C.E. tow. 
sup. Modunath Momin, 
care Rev. E. G. Phillips, 

Tura, Assam 7 50 

Jamestown, Central ch 1000 

Newport, ist ch. S. S S 84 

Newport, ist ch, Y. P. S. 

C.E 25 00 

Newport, istch 2233 

Newport, Shiloh ch 500 

Newport, Central ch 8230 

Newport, 2nd ch 2500 

East Providence, 2nd ch 7 14 

East Providence, 2nd ch. Y. 

Wickford S. S 1500 

Warwick, Shawomet ch 750 

Warwick, Shawomet ch. Y. 

Central Falls, Broad St. Y. 

P. S. C. E 6 00 

Harrisville ch. and Y. P.... 6 00 

Exeter ch. tow. the debt.... 12 00 

Exeter, ist ch 600 

Bristol, istch 15 71 

Tiverton, Central ch. 20 00 

Warren S. S. 15 10 

Warren S. S., for famine 

sufferers in India 11 02 

NarraganscttPier B.V.P.U., 10 00 
AUenton, 1st North Kingston 

ch 11 09 

Allcnton, B. Y. P. U 350 

Allendale ch 10 00 

Lonsdale, ist ch 15 00 

Warren Y. P. S. C. E. tow. 

the debt 10 00 

RockviUe,' Thn.VA, Hail. .. 

I«c>rwlch, L.dies Btntvolent 
Union, for tho deirt $ 

Qiialer'Hil'l B. y'.'p.'ii.'iaf 

iTpi ; JSC.'f'-Gtn- lUsleri 

K. C; Sf fr. Ji»»iE A. 

(to.ii«Hlilct,..?!^.'".;.'»; 7 9 

iSwBriuin, istd. 9S0 

SuffiEld, iDd ch °~ 

SnBeld.jnd ch. Y.P.S.C.E 
H.rtford, A.I' 
Hanlord, Abj 

H.irtrora. ' Swei 
Y. P 

"" " d, oiivi 

i, i» € 
of Rev 


Hmtrord, Mrs. Alans ni. 

Hi.rlford,S"iilhctL JS o. 

NnnhLTmech jo o. 

Win>le<fcli ijs; 

Starlintfllill ch 6 i< 

Wallinxfi'r't ch 594. 

WflU Aoicld, W. S. Pone- 

nf (oTwh. Sj5is iDW.iup. 

orpDplI in Stminanr, can; 

Rev.W. F. Thmnasl 55 0. 

NewH-Yin, Calvary ch 5143. 

N«w Hiven, Calvuy ch. for 

Calvary c 


s.. . 




for Ihfdclx. 

n. Calvary c 




ufhun tar th 

'onv« ch"r. 



Mrs. France 





a\h.. '.".'.'.'.. 

Kowuyloojt. Y,I'.S.C.E.. 
K. HasEard 

' BriialD, Mn, E. M. oicoi. ol Apd 
in Woodruff. 1 

iford Y. P."'s!,"ol which 



k City. Jame. B. 







New Yor 





art (n/wh. Sue la 

for the 


Uge H 

n. pr. c 





ion." .....'....' 


ttd.ur V.I'.S.C.E.. 

SuSeld, I 
tl for th. 

of w 

". v.s. 


Suutlilngton, »< ch. and S.S. loi <» 

B riD ford , \ ■ membe'r'o f 'the 
cnurch, lor Ihe debt 1500 

E^i'Lyine ch'.;!:;;;;!;;;;;! 'IS 

ler, I St ch. B.Y.P.U. 


Icr, HeiKa St. ch. Y. 

Brooklyn, H«. John 

P. S. C. E. 

Perry, Mi 

Y. P. S, 

D. H.'Wh*. 
Ihirgh ch. ."!".' 


Ulca, 1 
C. E. . 

itkport Y.P.S.C.E.a 

oananda, F. A. 


Knchckler, Mr. I. II. l..-in< 
Evuu. MlHS J. M. Carter 
the name orittrs.J.CarU 



Panama, Rock Grange Pa. 
trons of Husbandry for 
famine sufferers, care Rev. 

W. E. Hopkins $io oo 

Bin^hamton, Mrs. C. A. 
Jcmnson, for famine suf- 
ferers, care Rev. W. E. H. i oo 
Clifton Park, Mrs. C. P. B., 

for same i oo 

llarpersfieid ch 1600 

Wappingers Falls ch., a 

member i 00 

Wells ch 13 50 

Wells C. £. Society 300 

Nunda ch.. Miss S. L. Still- 
son 5 CO 

Newport, ist ch 18 00 

Ovid Center ch ^4 15 

Kent and Fishkill ch 5 00 

Kent and Fishkill S. S 3 00 

Kent and Fishkill B.V.P.U. 75 
Kent and Fishkill, M. 

Miller 5 00 

Oelhi ch 1000 

Sidnev, i st ch. Y. P. S. C. E. 3 40 

Royalton ch 11 00 

Grcefiwich, Bottskill ch 116 00 

Norwick, Mrs. T.L. Palmer 2 00 

North Hector ch 1400 

Wayne Village ch 21 06 

Wayne 8. S 300 

Wayne Villiage C. E. Soc.. . 5 00 

Locke, Milon ch iooo< 

Locke, Milon ch. Y. P. U . • 3 00 

Locke, Milon ch. S. S i 00 

F'ulton ch 7 10 

Fulton S. S. .. 779 

Syracuse ch 75 (^ 

Syracuse Y. P. S. C. E 25 00 

Jordan ch 11 42 

Jordan B. Y. P. U 383 

Troy, ist ch 1000 

Troy, Fifth Ave. S. S 100 00 

Wt-st Oneonta S. S S 00 

Troy, 1st ch. S. S. ($25 is for 
sup. boy in school for 
Miss Susie Haswell, $50 
for two boys, care Mrs. J. 
H. Vinton; balance for 
maintenance of Miss Has- 

well's work 1S6 81 

Smjrma S. S 200 

Toledo, Florence Kendrick 

Cooper, for the debt.. 5 00 

W. Henrietta ch 1750 

Rondout, Wurts St. ch. Y. 
P. S. C. E. of wh. $10 is 
for sup. Ko-Kyon-Zon, 
care Rev. L. H. M osier, 
and $15 tow. sal. Rev. 

Jacob Speicher 25 00 

Coming Y. P. S. C. E 12 iS 

East Aurora ch. ^of wh. 
^7X>5 is for famine suf- 
ferers in India) 14 10 

Redwood ch 11 00 

Middlebury ch a 80 

Middlcbury S. S 2 50 

Sherburne Village Y. P. S. 

\Zm iLm •.••...•..•.••••••*• 10 99 

Fouehkeepsie ch SS 33 

Albion, ist ch 197 3S 

White Plains, 1st ch 611 

Greece ch 30 00 

Fairport, 1st ch 117 25 

Romulus ch ^. 3.S 00 

Northport ch 2 70 

Kent Second ch 1 1 29 

Kent Second ch. B. Y. P. U. 2 00 

Kent Second ch. S. S 723 

I..enox ch. 300 

Jav ch 1000 

Albany, Calvary ch. Y. P. 

Asso J62 53 

Albany, Immanuelch 431 50 

Northville ch $25 00 

Wilson ch ao 00 

South West Oswego Y. P. 

S.C.E 1 35 

Clifton Springs, Rev. D. 

Giimore 3 00 

New York City, North ch... 35 63 
New York City, Mt. Morris 

ch 6000 

New York City, Calvary ch., 82 00 

New York City, Sixteenth ch. 29 52 

New York City, Amity ch. . . O9 53 
New York City, 2d German 

ch '. 154 72 

New York City, 2d German. 

Anon 3000 

New York City, Nepperhaus 

Ave. ch. (u)r sup. of a 

Bible Woman) 3000 

New York City, Nepperhaus 

Ave. Anon 1300 

New York City, Nepperhaus 

Ave., B. Y. P. U 1300 

New York City, Mudtson 

Ave. ch 1000 

New Rochellc, Salem ch. S. S 40 00 

Mt. Vernon ch 132 58 

Lexington Ave. ch. (of wh. 

$25 is from W. H. Holton 

and family, for helper of 

Dr. John MacLaurin) 130 90 

Lexington Ave. Y. P. S. C. 

£., hir sup. n. pr 25 00 

Lexin>»ton Ave. S. S 75 7^ 

Treraont S. S 5 00 

White Plains Y. P. S. C. E., 9 10 
Brooklyn, Bushwick Ave. 

ch 100 

Brooklyn, 2d German ch. S. 

S 250 

Greenport, Mr. D. T. La- 
tham 35 00 

East Marion ch 3087 

Brooklyn, East End ch 1500 

Brooklyn, East Endch. S.S., 10 00 

Brooklyn, Central ch. S. S. 25 00 
Brooklyn, Wyckof! Ave. 

S.S 400 

Woodsidu, ist ch. S.S 5 oo 

Brooklyn, Washington Ave. 

ch ^3 <>5 

Brooklyn, West Endch 54 38 

Brooklyn, Greenwood ch. 

S.S 632 

Brooklyn, Strong Place ch., 35a 00 

Oyster Bay ch 800 

Brooklyn, Central Williams- 
burg ch 46 00 

Brooklyn, First E. D. ch.... ao 00 
Brooklyn, Greenwood ch. B. 

Y. P. U... !25 00 

Brooklyn, Union Ave. ch... 89 74 
Brooklyn, Hanson Place ch., 

for work in Japan ^7 45 

Brooklyn, Marcy Ave. ch... 479 18 

Brooklyn, Emmanuel ch.. .. 25000 

Flatbush, ist ch 13 00 

Flushing, ist ch 500 

Tarrvtown, ist ch. Y. P. S. 

C.£ 1700 

Sing Sing, ist ch 12340 

Lackuwack ch 25 00 

Tarrytown, ist ch 5650 

Nyack, 1st ch. Y.P.S.C.E., 1500 

Matteuwan, Pil^jrim ch 3427 

Mattcawan, Pi 1 1{ rim ch. S. S. o 29 
Mattcawan, Pilgrim ch. B. 

Y.l'. U 2559 

Middletown, ist ch. S.S 20 00 

Port Jervis S. S ... 1520 

Warwick, Calvary ch 86 51 

Libert v ch 5 f>o 

Rhincintck ch ico 00 

Rhincbeck rli. S. S 5 00 

Rhinebeck ch. B. Y. P. U... 5 00 

Newburgh, ist ch $68 80 

Newburgh, ist ch. S. S 1000 

Newburgh, 1st cw. B. Y. P. 

U 1090 

Cold Spring ch a 00 

Liberty Y. P. S. C. E a as 

Newburgh, Moulton MernU 

ch 34 03 

Newburgh, Moulton Mem'l 

Newburgh, Moulton Mem'l 

ch. Ir. C. E., for Chinese 

field 300 

Olive, Shokan ch a 00 

The Corner ch ■ i 00 

Cross River ch 700 

Patterson ch a 30 

Patterson B. Y. P. U 7 ao 

Dykeman ch 1750 

Croton P'alls, Indiv 500 

South Dover, 1st ch. Y. P. S. 

C.E 6 18 

Amenia ch 46 8j 

Central Pawling ch 21 54 

Second Dover en 18 00 

Second Dover ch. Y. P. S. C. 

E 600 

Rochester, Miss L. M. Guy- 

att 15 00 

Belfast ch 700 

Angelica ch 34 05 

Angelica ch. S. S 500 

Belmontch 4100 

Belmont ch. Y. P. S.C. E... 10 00 

Cuba S.S s 00 

Adams Y. P. S. C. E 500 

Clayton ch 1850 

Clayton ch. S. S 350 

Belleville ch 37 17 

Belleville ch. Y. P. S. C. E., 

add»l 515 

Philadelphia Y. P. S. C. E., a 73 

Lowville ch 4*73 

Binghamton, 1st ch. ($100 of 

wh. is tow. sal. of Rev.^G. 

H. Brock, Kan ieiri, India) 155 59 
Candor Y- P. S. C. E., Free 

Will offering ... 383 

Binghamton, Memorial ch., 15 83 
Binghamton, Conklin Ave. 

Y. P. S. C. E 1500 

Binghamton, Park Ave. Y. 

P. S. C.E., add'l 396 

Maine ch 1800 

Maine ch. S. S..... a 86 

Owego ch 11000 

North Tonawanda ch '5 41 

Buffalo, Prospect Ave. ch... 364 34 

Buffalo, Reid Memorial ch., 15 00 
Buffalo, Reid Memorial ch. 

Y. P. S. C. E 580 

Franklinvillc ch ai 50 

Clean Y. P. S. C.E., add'l.. 1000 

Farmcisvillc Station ch 300 

Sandusky ch 825 

Ira S. S 100 

Ira Y. P. S. C. E 100 

Auburn, ad ch 5200 

Fleming S. S ,.... 300 

Union Springs Y. P. S. C. E. 10 00 

Victorv ch 307 

West Portland ch 2700 

First Port.and Y. P. S. C. E., 5 00 

First Portland, a member . . 75 

Forestville ch 600 

Frewsburg ch 3 15 

Elmira, Sleuth Side ch 273 

Elmira, South Side ch. S.S., 3 41 
Elmira, South Side ch. Y. P. 

Bij^ Flats ch 23 So 

Big Flats ch. V. P. S. C. E., 8 S8 

Campbell :md Irwin ch 8 53 

Cornini; ch. 63 50 

Addison S. S 565 



Addison Y. P. S. C. £ $i oo 

Slmira, ist ch 4000 

Elmira, ist ch. S. S ao 00 

Hornellsviile, So. Side ch... 5 00 

Painted Post ch 71 31 

Painted Post Jr. B . Y . P. U., 10 75 

Painted Post S. S 1000 

Painted Post B. Y. P. U.. . . a 50 

Bainbridee, 181 ch 400 

Pitchercn 1000 

Afton ch 19 05 

South New Berlin Y. P. S. 

C. B 3 00 

Triangle ch 540 

Triangle Y. P. S. C. E a 00 

Plymouth ch 500 

Greene ch., additional 10 10 

Greene ch. Y. P. S. C. E.. . aa 37 

Cincinnati ch 500 

Blodgett Mills ch 523 

Blodgett Mills ch. S. S. . . . 3 00 

Freetown ch a 00 

Homer ch 9950 

Homer ch. S. S la 00 

Homer ch. B. Y.P. U 1000 

Homer ch. Jr. B. Y. P. U.. . i 50 

Lansincr and Groton ch la 00 

Milan cn.^ Mrs. H. Weeks. . i 00 

McGranville cli ao 50 

Solon ch a 60 

Solon ch. S. S • i iXi 

North Lansing S. S 2 no 

Cortland, ist ch. Y.P.S.C.E. 
tow. salary Saya Timothy, 
care of Rev. E. W. Kelly, 

Rangoon, Burma la 50 

Cortland, 1st ch. (of which 

$10 is for debt) laa 04 

Cortland, ist ch. S. S 35 <x> 

Harpersville S. S 160 

Deposit ch aS SS 

W. Colesville S. S a 30 

£. Branch ch. ... • 11 84 

E. Branch ch. Y.P.S.C.E.. 3 00 

E. Branch ch. S. S i 94 

Ticonderoea Y. P. S. C. E.. . 8 4S 

Jay Y.P.S.C.E 300 

Adirondack ch i 65 

Westport ch 30 00 

Mt. Upton S. S 3 00 

TrcadwellS. S 300 

Treadwell ch ^<> 3* 

Treadwellch. Y.P. S.C. E., a 86 
Sand Hill and Wells Bridge 

S. S. 4 05 

Oneonta ch. to constitute 
. Rev. Edson J. Farley, H. 

L. M .' »»3 35 

Sidney, Centre ch 953 

Unadtlla ch 35 f>o 

Elba Y. P. S. C. E 4 00 

Pavilion ch 24 13 

Wyoming B. Y. P. U 500 

Middlcbury ch 1200 

Attica Y. P. S. C. E. tow. 
salary of Rev. M. C. Ma- 
son, Tura, Assam 13 00 

Warsaw Y. P. S. C. E. tow. 
support V. Jacob, care of 
Ilcv. J. Heinrichs, Raina- 

patam 13 So 

Leroy cli 2341 

Lcro^ ch. Y. P. S. C. E 3 44 

Castile S. S 210 

Castile Y. P. S. C.E 133 

La Grange Y. P. S. C. E. .. 2 72 

Albany Memorial ch 49 47 

Albany Memorial ch. S. S.. . 2 5^ 

Cohoes, I St ch 1 35 21 

Waterford ch 2625 

Waterford Y. P. S. C. E.. . . 7 (w 

Half Moon, 1st ch 5 32 

Portage ch 2 50 

Hemlock L,akc S. S. tuwards 
support n. pr. Bago, care 

of Rev. £. G. Phillips, 

Tura, Assam $ia 50 

York S. S. for the famine 

sufferers, care of Rev. G. 

H. Brock, Kani^iri 5 4a 

Lima Y. P. S. C. E. 500 

Geneseo ch 70 00 

Geneseo Y. P. S. C. E. add'l, 

with previous offerings 

($24.68) to const. Rev. H. 

A. Pearse H. L. M 5 32 

Lavonia Station (of which 

$25 is towards work of 

Rev. T. D. Holmes, Kin- 

hwa, China) 65 00 

Dansville B. Y. P. U 355 

De Ruyter ch. additional ... 3 00 

Madison ch '3 75 

Madison ch. S. S 5 20 

Lebanon ch 500 

Cazenovia Village ch a8 00 

Cazenovia Village Y. P. S. 

C. E 4 OS 

Randallsville ch. {oi which 

$6.35 is on the ola debt) ... 32 35 

RanojillsvilleS. S 200 

Canastota ch 6 00 

Mohawk S. S 50 

Ilion ch 5200 

llion ch. Y.P.S.C.E. add'l.. 10 00 

Ilion ch. S. S ■. 3^^ 

Russia Y. P. S. C.E 250 

F. Plain S.S 300 

Rochester Theol. Sem. mem. 

bers of Junior Class 1225 

Rochester, ad ch. Y. P. S. 

C. £. tow. sal. of Rev. 

Thomas Moody, Irebu, 

Congo 25 00 

Hilton, 1st ch 45^0 

Hilton, 1st ch. S.S 1035 

Parma, ad ch. additional .... 7 00 

Akron ch 9 50 

Akron ch. Y. P. S. C. E. . . . 5 00 

Akron ch. S.S 3 5^ 

Hartland ch 5 00 

Niagara Falls ch 4^ 38 

Niagara Falls ch. Y. P. S. 

C. E 5 00 

Niagara Falls ch. S. S 3 62 

Bard well, Miss L. Pray .... 25 
Trenton, ist ch. (of which 

$8.50 is tow. the old debt), 14 80 

Utica, Park ch 79 5^ 

Utica, Calvary ch 2 00 

New Hartford ch 1067 

New Hartford S. S 265 

New Hartford Y.P.S.C.E.. . 2 00 

Memphis Y. P. S. C. £..... i 50 

Elbridge Y. P. S. C. E i»S 74 

Elbndgu S. S. 1000 

Elbridge, Miss Emily Cole, 

with previous oncrings 

($63.28) to const. Clarence 

Howard Richmond H. L. 

M 16 50 

Syracuse, Immanuel Y. P. 

Syracuse, Delaware St. ch. . 36.00 

Baldwinsville ch 55 80 

Camillus ch ^z 62 

CamillusS. S S 88 

Clifton Spring ch 14 60 

Bethel ch 15 75 

Bethel ch. S. S 3 25 

Bethel ch. Y. P. S. C, K 300 

Geneva ch 141 50 

Geneva B. Y. P. U 1 2 0(» 

Geneva S. S 10 uo 

Knowlesville Y. P. S. C K., 5 00 

Knowlesvillc ch . add'l 1 2 00 

Knowlesville ch. S.S 3 00 

(iaines and Murray ch 9 00 

Gaines and Murray S. S 4 00 

Alabama Y. P. S. C. E a 00 

Medina ch $45 50 

Medina Y. P. Miss'y Soc'y. 10 50 

Yates ch 3> 55 

Yates ch. Y. P. S. C. B a 00 

Mexico ch. & S. S 1000 

Central Sq. S. S too 

West Oswego ch ^^ 79 

West Oswego S. S 35 00 

Hartwick ch 500 

Scotiach ^06 

Scotia ch. S. S. ••• 5^ 

Scotia ch. B. Y. P. U 51a 

Scotia ch. Jr. B. Y. P. U. . . . i 00 
Saratoga Springs, Regent 
St. ch. of wn. ^\ x% for 
Ladles* Dime collection for 

the debt 45 31 

Saratoga Springs, Regent 

ot. X. ". o. C 111......** C 00 

Saratoga Springs S. S 169 

Glo vers vil lech no 40 

Glovers ville Primary S.S... 10 00 

Fultonville ch 347 

Fultonville ch. S. S a 00 

Greenfield ch 350 

Wilton ch 335 

BoUston Spa Y. P. S. C. E. ' 
of wh. $c is in memory of 
Hattie Wooley by her 

mother 922 

Half Moon, ad ch 500 

Stillwater, ad ch 5000 

Johnstown ch 3401 

Johnstown S. S 354 

Johnstown Y. P. S. C. E. . . . 3 73 

Waterloo ch. i3 43 

Ithaca, I St ch. add'l 3757 

Ithaca, ist ch. Int. C. E 305 

Ithaca, isi ch. S. S 1736 

Ithaca Y. P. S. C. £., tow. 
sup. of M. James, care 
Prof. L. E. Martin, On- 

gole, India .« 3500 

Romulus Y. P. S. C. £., 
tow. sup. n. Garo. pr. care 
Rev. E. G. Phillips, Tura, 

Assam... 3516 

Enfieldch 375 

Lexington ch 3 35 

Sloansville ch 1000 

Sloansville Y. P. S. C. £.... a 00 

Grosvenor Corners ch 100 

Flat Brook ch 300 

Petersburg ch 1400 

Howard ch 500 

Avoca ch., tow. sup.of Tong 
Kwee<zioo, n. pr. care 
Rev. W. H. Cossum, 

China 1350 

Dundee ch 1676 

Dundee ch. S. S 175 

Townsend S. S 159 

Nicholville ch 775 

Nicholville S. S il 37 

Malone ch 3P 51 

Madrid S. S 1 35 

Kichville ch 19 00 

Gouverneur S. S a 00 

Ogdcnsburg, Rev. & Mrs. 
A. M. Prentice, tow. the 

debt 1000 

Bottskill Y. P. S. C. £ i 86 

Glens Falls ch 13666 

Glens Falls ch. S. S 5 OO 

Sandy Hill ch 150 10 

Sandy Hill ch. S. S 5000 

Ft. Edward Village ch 78 81 

Rose ch 31 00 

Palmyra ch. add'l >5 50 

Palmyra ch. Y. P. S. C. E., 
add'l tow. work of Rev. A. 
V. H. Crumb, Toungoo, 

Burma ....• 10 OC 

Williamson Y. P. S. C, E... 3 oc 

Red Creek ch 3 I) 



Wolcottch ... $700 

Wolcolt ch. Y. P. S. C. E. . . 3 00 

Lyonsch 770 

Lecsvillech S 56 

Leesrille, Miss Abigail 

Borch 100 00 

Chernr Valley ch 4 00 

Middfefieldcb 300 

Westford ch 7 73 

SchencYosch 351 

Harperstield S. S. ...■..«••• a 25 

Ricnnondville ch 5 50 

Richmond ville S. S 150 

Seward ch 4 00 

Summit, istch. S.S 160 

Worcester, ad ch aS 50 

Westrillech 756 

Westville Y. P. S. C. E a 96 

WestvilleS.S 110 

Cnhleskill ch 1 1 23 

roblesliil] ch. S.S 7 00 

E. Worcester Y. P. S. C. E., 4 00 

SecondMilech 216$ 

South Pulteney ch 7 85 

South Pulteney Y.P.S.C.E., i aa 

South Pulteoey S. S i 03 

PratLsharj; ch 1353 

Prattsbure ch. S. S 3 90 

Prallsburg ch. B. Y. P. U. . . i 60 

NEW JERSEY, $5,507.16. 
Jersey City HeighU, German 

Pilgrim ch $1 a 00 

Asbury Park, Mrs. A. E. A. 

Griffin, for famine suffer. 

«fs. children, care Rev. W. 

E. Hopkins, Palmur 10 00 

AshuryPark, istch. (ofwh. 

$5«sfr. Y. P. S. C. E.)... 1000 
Asbury park, ist ch. Y. P.S. 

^. A. tow. sup. n. stu., care 

Rev. I. W. Carlln 17 50 

New Brunswick ch. fof wh. 

Jso is for sup. Kah Law- 

Thoon) 8749 

Lvons Farms ch 1750 

'^'^tstown, Farther Lights 

Soc., for the debt 100 

\v'i ^™"*^*c^i Louisa 

" "let, deceased 500 00 

i;*»'ayettech 5 ao 

Mateawan ch. (of wh. $9.73 

IS from the S. S.) 3473 

^^cstfield, Primary S. S. for 
*»P- n. pr. Kve Ya, Tavoy, 
Burma, care Rev. H. Mor- 
^"1 $; for the pur. 
«»»«« of a Bible for the 

**">«• $3A) 1010 

WestfielJ ch. Y. P. S. C. E.. 33 35 
Eluabeth, Central ch. S. S. 
M"" sup. n. pr. De-Ko-Baw, 35 00 

Toms River, ist ch 2540 

Caldwell, istch 17 89 

Newton ch ai 00 

Platterson, Alex.W. Rogers, 

for work at Kurnool 300 00 

Haddonfield ch '149 15 

Haddonfield Y. P. S. C. E. 
(I5 for Rev. J. Dussman's 
chapel, and $16.50 for 
starviof poor, care of Rev. 
W. R. Manley, Udayagiri) 36 50 
Moorestown Y. P. S. C. E.. 5 35 

Camden, North ch lai 53 

North ch.. Little Helpers, for 
girl in Miss Kidder's 

school 35 00 

Atlantic City, ist ch lao 00 

Atlantic City Y. P. S. C. E. 

Self-denial Fund 11 77 

Atlantic City Y. P. S. C. K. 
n. pr.^ care of Rev. I. S. 

Hanktns 900 

ULodcn ch., additional 35 

Camden, Immanuel ch $4 10 

Camden, Immanuel S. S a 90 

Florence ch., additional .... aa 54 
Bethany Mission, Atlantic 

Cit;r 5 00 

Burlington, istch 8551 

Burlington, istch. S. S ao 00 

Burlington, ist ch. Jr. B. Y. 

P. U., for Pcddala Kon- 

diah, care of Rev. \V. R. 

Manley 15 00 

Junction ch la 00 

Ijuubertville ch 1350 

Mansfield ch. ($7.14 fr.S.S.), 40 ou 

Marlboro* ch 3 37 

Central Trenton Y.P.S.C.E. 

for Palipati Jacob, care of 

Rev. W. A. Stanton 1350 

Holmdel ch 105 00 

Holmdel S. S. for starving 

poor, cure of Rev. W. B. 

'^oggs, D.D., India 5 00 

Upper Freehold ch 1335 

Trenton, Clinton Ave. ch. . . 40 89 
Keyport ch., special P.V.B., 10 00 

Belmar, Memorial ch 317 

Millvillech 18 ao 

North .Millevile ch 6 80 

Bridgeton, isl ch., add'l .... a co 

Greenwich ch 1000 

Newport ch ao 10 

Cape May ch. for starving 

poor, care of Rev. W. B. 

Boges, D.D., India..' 657 

Cape May Y. P. S. C. E. for 

add'l n. pr., care of Rev. 

L. W. Cronkhite 4056. 

Salem Memorial ch 5^ ^ 

J. C S., for n. pr., care of 

Rev. J. Dussman 900 

Cape May, ist (C. H.) ch. 

B.Y.P.U. for Ko Hmwa 

Kalay, care of Rev. C. L. 

Davenport 7 34 

Salem, istch >o 74 

Pedricktown ch., add'l 11 53 

Qiiinton ch 900 

DovcrB. Y. P. U 300 

Morristown Y. P. S.C. E... 1000 

Milburn ch 11 00 

BloomAeld, 1st en ^49 S9 

Bloomfield, ist ch. S. S 100 00 

East Orange, ist ot the 

Oranges ch 3073 

Millington ch 79 oS 

.Millin^ton Y. P. S. C. E.... 17 58 

Mt. Olive ch 1' '5 

North Orange ch 1 100 00 

Hobokcn, 30 ch. Y.P.S.C.E. , 3 00 
Jersey City, Summit Av. ch., 40 00 
Paterson, Union Ave. ch. 

S. S :6 30 

Hobokcn, istch.Y.P.S.C.E., 500 

Glenwood ch.... 5050 

Deckertown ch. S. S 1000 

Arlington, ist Sw. S. S 300 

Rutherford ch. S. S 1000 

Paterson, istch 13700 

Paterson, ist ch., from Miss 

Ruth Vernon's S. S. class, 

for work in India 11 13 

Demarest, i st ch. S. S 4' 35 

Hamburg ch 1040 

Buyonnv, ist ch 6i 79 

Bayonne, ist ch. S. S 331 

Bavonnc, Bcrijen Point ch.. 5 00 
Ridgewood, Emmanuel ch., 

for general fund 55 00 

Ridgewood, for debt 5000 

Ridgcwood S. S. for general 

work 10 00 

Ridgewood S. S., for debt .. 5 00 

Paterson, Bethany S. S 8 ?q 

Harrison, ist ch 10 70 

Passaic, ist ch laS 36 

Passaic, ist ch. S. S $1000 

Passaic, ist ch. C. E 349 

W. Hoboken, ist ch. S. S... 10 00 

Hasbrouck Heiffhts ch 350 

Paterson, Park Ave. ch 30 00 

New Market, ist ch., "Far- 

ther Lights.'* 1000 

New Market, istch. Y. P. S. 

C. E., for sup. n. pr 3500 

New Market, C. F. Dayton 

bal. due on sup. n. pr. M. 

Kondiah, care Rev. W. S. 

Davis, AUur 1500 

New Market, M. Dayton. ... 3 00 
Jersey City, North ch. Y. P. 

Newark, Tabernacle ch. Y. 

Jersey City^ Bergen ch. Y. 

Newark, Emanuel ch. S. S.. 4 95 

Mt. Bethel ch ^3 49 

South Plainfield, ist ch. Y. 

Roselle, istch ao 00 

Newark, Peddie MeinM ch. 

S.S 7500 

Newark, Peddie Mem'l ch.. 6no 00 

Jersey City, North ch 13 00 

Westfield ch 91 15 

WeslficldS. S 3500 

Weslfield Y. P. S. C. E 3 16 

Roselle, ist ch. Y.P. S.C.E., 5 00 
Newark, Peddie Mem'l Jr. 

C.E 450 

Newark, South ch 100 00 

Red Bank S. S 500 

PENNSYLVANIA $11,665.01. 

Pittsburgh, Fourth Ave. ch. 

C. E. Day offering 300 

Pittsburgh, Fourth Ave. ch. 

Ladies* Society 3500 

Mt. Pleasant Y. P. S. C. E., 5 75 
West Chester, for work in 

Africa, from Miss Anna 

Dutton a 00 

Hillsville, Zoar ch 3000 

Gillett, South Creek Y. P. 

S.C.E 335 

Johnstown, Welsh ch 15 00 

North East, Miss Emma 

Griffin i 00 

North East, Miss Stella M. 

Griffin 5 00 

Bethlehem, Mrs. Levi G. 

Clark, tow. the debt 1000 

Philadelphia, Blockley ch. 

Y. P. S. C. E. tow. sup. 

Saw She, care Rev. D. A. 

W.Smith 500 

Williamsnort, ist ch. C. E.. 3 50 
Philadelphia, istch. L.U.M., 500 
Philadelphia, •* W. W.*' for 

nat. workers, c. o. Rev. H. 

Richards, Congo 1350 

Philadelphia, Baltimore Ave. 

chapel 325 uo 

Philudelphix. Chestnut Hill 

ch 31 55 

Philadelphia, R. M. Hun.M- 

ker, ndd'l 1500 

I-owcr Mcrion ch ^'5 ^H 

Lower Merlon S. S M4 50 

A Steward 230 oO 

Immanuel Mission V. P. S. 
C. K. of wh. $30 is for n. 
pr. c. o. Rev. K. \V. Cronk- 
hite 38 ()6 

Philadelphia, Grace ch 106 00 

Hoxborough ch 33 00 

KoxborouKh S. S. (of wh. 
$50 is fr. G. W. Blakie's 
class for n. pr. c. o. Dr. 
Downic) 10000 



J. Lewis Crozer (of wh. $65 
is for n. pr. c. o. Rev. W. 

CarevCalder) $3,50000 

Bethienein ch. ndd*! a 25 

Bethlehcsm ch. S. S M 3P 

Frankford Ave. ch 3900 

Frankford Ave. ch. S. S.... 11 54 

Pilgrim ch ^ 6 05 

Pilgrriin ch. Y. P. S. C. E... 30 83 

Getnsemane ch 306 00 

Gethsemane ch. S. S 31 70 

Gethsemane Band, ** Lect- 
ure" 1000 

0«ik Lane S. S 3 00 

Second ch 114 00 

Second ch. Lord's Day 

School 30 00 

Second ch. Friends lorn.prs. 
c. o. Dr. Downie and Rev. 

W. H* Cossum 1000 

Fiftn ch. Dr. G. M. Spmtt. . 10 00 

Memorial ch. . . 162 37 

Germantown ad ch ^39 5^ 

£. M. C 5000 

Blocklcv ch. XX. pr. c. o. Rev. 
Josepn Clark, Ikoko, Con- 
go 38 00 

Chester Ave. ch. add' 1 IQ 5' 

Fifth ch. B. Y. P. U. Gun- 

rish, c. o. Dr. Downie .... S 00 
Mrs. Emma W. Bucknell for 
sup. Messrs. Pcrrine and 

Hagsrard i fioo 00 

First en., add'l, of wh.$6o is 

for the debt 718 80 

Snvder Ave. ch 11 65 

Rev. B. MacMackin 500 

R. H. Crozer 250000 

Broad St. ch., to apply on sal- 
ary of Rev. \V. F. Beanian, 57 44 
Broad St. Y. P. S. C. E., for 

same 70 00 

Trinity ch 86 00 

Trinity ch., W. E. Burk 
Band, to be added to ap. 
pro'n of Rev. A. E. Sea- 
graves 30 00 

Mantua ch., Mrs. Bertolet. . 5 00 

Tenth ch 2638 

Frankford ch., add'l 6 87 

North Frank lord ch 28 00 

Jenklntown ch 2996 

Jenkintu',vn ch. S. S 3 30 

Jenkintown ch. B. Y. P. U., 3 61 

Lower Providence ch *7 40 

Evangel, ch., Rev. W. C. Sti- 
ver, add'l 10 00 

Hatboro Helping Hands.... 5 00 
Germantown, 3d ch., qusir- 

terly coll >3 48 

Germantown, 3d ch. B.Y.P. 
U., for n. worker, c. o. llev. 

P. Frederickson, Congo. . . 16 00 

South Broad St. ch 102 40 

Davisville ch 34 14 

Holmesburg ch 2369 

York ch 352 

Nicetown ch 28 00 

Germantown, 1st ch. Y. P. 

S. C. E 500 

Clark's Summit ch i 69 

Blakely P. P. (76 cts. fr. 
Aunt Jane's self-denial 

birthday offering) 576 

Forest City ch 25 35 

Forest City cli. Band 1 50 

Carbondale, Bcrean ch 23 7S 

Carbondale S. S 5 00 

Peckville ch 12 00 

North Main Ave. Scranton 
S. S. and Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Mj^. Tone Aye, c. o. 

Rev. L. W. Cronkhite.... 12 50 

Penn Ave. ch 110 ig 

Peun Ave. ch. S. S 11970 

Elkdale ch $330 

Green Ridge Band, n. pr., 

care Rev. W. A. Stanton, 6 00 

Annincreek ch 350 

Amana ch 1806 

Beaver Palls ch 13 00 

Sfaaron ch 3068 

Middletown ch a 60 

Forest Lake ch 400 

Forest Lake S. S 150 

Auburn ch 3 00 

Gelatt ch 300 

Wyalusing chi 8 00 

West Chester ch 44 00 

Norristown, 1st ch., add'l. . . 10 00 
East Nantmeal ch. ($5 for 

the debt) 10 00 

Altoona, I St cb 100 

Altoona, Memorial ch. H. 
Y. P. U., for special stu- 
dent, Rangoon Tneol. Sem- 
inary 15 00 

Hollidaysburg ch., in part.. 70 09 

New Bethlehem ch 35 00 

Mcadville ch 3^25 

Erie, 3d ch 400 

Transfer ch ;.... 13 11 

Indiana ch 825 

J. W. Furman i 00 

Crooked Creek ch 350 

Scottdale ch 6 bi 

Scottdale ch. S. S 655 

Scottdale ch.. B. Y. P. U 7 84 

Great Bethel ch 18 44 

Pennsville ch 300 

Lewisburg ch 6500 

Rose Valley ch 346 

White Half ch 625 

Rushch 400 

Clinton ch 250 

Jersey Shore ch 915 

Moreland ch 4 21 

Bloomsburg ch 2100 

Bloomsburg B. Y. P. U., for 
Mr. Cash, c. o. Rev. G. L. 

Mason, Huchan 1500 

Bradford ch., special 25 00 

Pittsburgh, Wylie Ave. Br. 

Ladies^ Aid Soc 300 

Pittsburgh S. S 11 70 

Farentuni ch 11 60 

Emmanuel ch., All'y 10 00 

Emmanuel ch. S. S a 50 

Apollo ch 10000 

Industry ch 2 50 

Maple Ave. ch., P'g 13 00 

Shady Ave. ch., P'g 20000 

Reading, 1st ch 4S 46 

Reading, 1st ch. S. S ^00 

Ilazleton ch 2S^ 

Hazleton ch. B. Y. P. U 1*^50 

Miners ville ch 18 00 

Portland ch 986 

Harrison Valley ch *7 36 

Harrison Valley Y. P. S. C. 

E I 61 

Harrison Valley ch., for debt, 7 50 

Wellsboro ch 57 00 

Clinton ch 2 25 

Aldcnvillc ch 350 

Maple Grove ch 250 

Honesdale ch 2000 

llawley ch 1630 

Freeland ch 4 50 

Luzerne Ave. ch., Pittston.. 64 07 

West Lehman Mission 250 

Rev. B. E. Jones 300 

Prospect Hill ch 25 00 

Village Green ch., S. S. and 

C. E 17 70 

South Chester ch 600 

Correction in Feb. Report. — 

Theam't from Pittsburgh, Fourth 
Ave. ch. should have slated quar- 
terly collection to Feb. 1 . 

DELAWARE, $i5.77- 

Claymont, Anna R. Sage 

tow. the debt $10 

Dover, 1st ch 5 

Washington, Metropolitan 

Washineton, E. St. ch. Y. 

X^* O* v^* £»•• ••••••••••••••• CO 

Washington, 3d ch. B. Y. 
P.U 10 

Washington, Calvary ch. ... 500 
Washington, ist ch. Y. P. 

Washington, E. Washing. 

ton Heights ch 11 ^ 

Washington Y. P. S. C. K. 

Washington Heights (of 

wh. $3.30 is for debt ') .... 13 
Washington, ist ch. Imraan- 

uel Mission Circle l.ioo 

Kendall Br. Calvary cli 18 

Kendall Br. Calvary ch. Y. 

P.S.C.E 38 

Queenstown ch 35 

Anacosti ch. ... c 

Anacos(i S. S 6 

Anacosti Y. P. S.C. E 1 

Washington, Maryland Ave. 

ch. (ofwh. $8.»Sis forY. 

Washington, Grace ch 37 

J. H. Larcombe 10 

Correction^ Febrnary Report. 

The Bethany ch. instead of Wi_ 
mington should be credited withth- 
amonnt from Loyal Legion B. 
P. U. and the S. S. 

OHIO, $3,094.17. 

Dayton, Third St. ch. Ladies' 

Society $4 

Dayton, ist ch. S. S 140 

Dayton, Linden Ave. ch. 

Wom. Soc. for the Congo. 50 
Dayton, Linden Ave. ch. Jr. 

Lnion for work of Rev. 

W. M. Upcraft 5 

Nicholsville, Mrs. M. J. £1. 

rod 5 

Troy, William Shilling. .... 5 
Wyoming Y. P. S.C. E. ... 5 
Cleveland, Superior St. ch. 

Jr. C. E. tow. sup. Rev. M. 

C. Mason, Tura, Assam.. 1 

King's Creek, R. B. ch i 

Springtield, members of 

Bethel ch 

Salem ch 4 

F'redcricktown ch 

Cyclone, Bethany ch 

IeffersQn, •* Farther Lights " 
Lingsville, 1st ch 4, 

Cincinnati, Walnut Hill ch.. 1 

New Richmond ch 

Brush Creek, Rev. F. E. 


Geneva ch 

Madison ch i 

Madison ch. S. S 1 

Perry ch 

Harrison ch 

Kenton ch 

Lima ch 

Lima S. S 

Lima, Mrs. P. A. Elder, of 

wh. $2.50 is tow. the debt. S 
Lima, Mrs. Abbie Crippen . 3 

New Hampshire ch x 

St. Mary's ch. 13 






- 00 
« 00 

■D 00 





















■«kA«.ch .. 

cliiY. P.'sVc 









^M. K^n.ld. 

( . 






WoHtu, Jodge K. B. 

Canton, lit, ch. Lidlca' B. 
M. Circle 4 aa 

'■"■'■l"Hl'i'-'i> J 7* 

i ■"■'" \,ii!i^yci,, 3SD 

£10 received in Febnury from 
Ijia^cn .\vc. ch. Danon, ■bDnld 
hive been trcdludlotiie "UlulM 

of Ihc church. 


L«no..C. W.Fornm, dd ' 

Grtenbrier ch. of Aldenmn . iS Jo 

LucilcF.F.Donid.EiKi... 300 I 

Ml.Olivr B.M.LCBEUC... I SS , 

IVaKunB.M.Lcagoc.... 1 J7 

Beihesdnoh. US 

f.irVitwch 91S 

OliveHraBchch S7S 

Nv™ England ch!!!!!:'.!;*! S 00 

Uri'lWfh' »*? 

Orafloo. W C Bjren.Biq.. s<"» 

Duvis, M-Thompton, Eiq.. 1 oo 
Davit, A. A. lllchirdiDn. 

K»q 600 

Elkini ch 3 00 

He|<tibahch s <» 

^'^vKd.*?^?:... ?"■... !^"' Soo 

VIUGINIA, $iis. 
Richmond, Rachel UwrU- 
horn EduCMlIuo ud Mlt- 
sionary Aon. low. 4il. Ur. 
.md yix-. Willinra HalJ, 

Congo WOO 

Fortroi Monroe, MiM Frwi. 
CCS J. llunllcy, tow. laJ. 
Ktv. Jacob Helntiche 

K^ii>up»tHTii 100 on 

Pleuinl Kidge, Uiu E. 

Lawrence j «• 

INDIANA, $1^1.39. 

Csmdeo ch 1440 

Camden B. Y. P.U 64a 

Camden S.S 11 oa 

In.ibnai^oliiS. S.iilch,.... so 00 

Soulh Kcnd. 'Ladies' of "lit 

Sw. ch. low. sup. n. M. 
"Boka." care Re<. O.l. 

Swanson. N.I.Bl<hiiiipur.. lo 00 

BrookHonch. ■".";;.■.".'.■.. s 'S 
EvunsviJle "Inmemonrof 

il.J.A.'' so 00 

Bangoch 60S 

MuncieS.3 *9 10 

MnncieJr.B.Y. P.U iija 

.Muncle Sr. B. Y. P. U 7 9S . 

Florid.!.'.;"!!!!!;";;"'; Jso 

Stamford ch 1 00 

Fi-:,Mlilin, NDrth.B-Y.P.U. s 7S 

Vi'.'n'l^t.nan i.w.'l. M. of 

Ordo L. Van Demao 500° 

Lcbanonch J4 60 

Lebanon Junior Union 100 

Lebinonl). Y.P. U .1 fij 

Indianapoiia, 1st ch. 4™ 90 


Tern Haute, lit ch. Bbu 

dualoS.S StOD. 

I-- L„..,i;<. ,-i th. B. y. 

I'- I »)» 

i^'"?. .'"j"' ""''' '***^ 

[>^'i^Jj_»t_H"n.i.el....... iS 

Prlcnd^GriWd.'"!!!!!!! 4S 

Ftockiillecb \&- 

TcnDMKse Valley ch » 00. 

1,'ninncb C 11 

)Jt' Pl"Bah'eii'.'"'.;!'.'"ir.I 6 a» 

MiuiBsInnTa Volley ch 1 10. 

Elwoodch logc 

Elwood S. S. iD^v. <iij>. San 

Lee s» 

GulVMlonS. 5. for &ni: Ij.'i', S 00. 
■Mlchigantown S, ^. lun-. 

Michjganltmn B. Y. P. L'... i 00. 

San iJ^..^.'.'..'.."Z'."'.^^ I <j. 
Ruisiivllle S. .S. tow. lup. 

■.i^u",^^ ;■ ■;;■ ;.'r/ ji'a.' ii ' " 

Voang'Ame'vtach.!;"::".! i " 
Young America W. C. 

Yo^g'lfmerira s'sVfir 

DcUtrciV.!.'!:::!"!.'.";i:i; 44* 

Loganaport, and cfa. ........ 16 lO' 

Marbn.litch 1640 

Miami ch 1700 

NIcoDiach. 4 70 

Peruch fil 79 

WeMBwch. 3« 

Olive Branch, Hn. F. G. 

R.-,^^.'.;;'^■|■.:"■.■.:■.:".■.".■. jw 

•- ' '■■!' J»4« 

i-'i"'"> 'r-t S" 

\u\-\ ''',Vt'','V'ir >£» 

Lima. Miu Ophelia Edge. 

Goilien ch u u 

Goehench. S. S a ij 

Klnnbnrych moo 

La Porte ch ift u 

Valpanilio ch ic 7B 

Campbelliburg cfa 100 

MLPIeaVuit ch"l^'"'!l*!I a so 

Orleonsch j 00 

Paoiich 1 oo 

Ml.Carmel] ch am 

Weatport ch j s" 

Crawford (vliie rh. 17 u 

Bethel ch . ) 6$ 

Comeitaville ch oj 

Otwellch I 00 

PtiY<hp.rir ch 4>s 

MICHIGAN, S4.134-34. 

Yuba, S. H. Sayler coo 

Balh, Emeit Wilhem....... 4 oo 



89 TS 



J* so 



' ? 

■ *" 





KUamuioo, Ponace SI. 

Detroit, WoodwirdA.e. eh". 


otl^ii.y.p. ij. 


■Cliirkslon ch 

Detroit, 1 St eh 

DetroEi; »[ ch S. S. 


DelroU, i(ih An. eh. Bev 

Detroit, Woireti A*e. ch-.. 



'IS "-.""'"■.f ".r".'. 






'm.Loviicu'...'. .-- 



Gr.n d 'Rani Sa. W M'i'thV AvJ 

Grand KiipiJj.jJ ch.,, .■ 
LdwcII ch., 'low. hflpinf 










JjkeOdeosa ch 



Dawa^c, Stella Bnnd fund, 

l:a« TtV^A^B u'JrkVr 



Kslkulu B. Y. P. U 




Hillsdale D.Y P.U 



NorthAdaras B.Y.P.C. 

Ishpeininit SewiiiK sIjc, ... 
Iihnci..i..g Maker's Soc... 
Luddinston .:h 






. 00 

Dcckerville S. S 


Sand Beach'ch'"!!!.V!";i 






.4 u 


'■'ss'^i. s-r; 


WH^IftTLake ch*. !.'!!""" ! 


Wayne S. S 


KnsJty ch. for the deht 

ILLINOIS, *6.SjS-,; 
Hock Island, Mm. Pauli« 


Fidcllt, Mrs. Alice B«by. 


GeorgL-lnwn, Mrs, C. A 

Gungci^. (nf«'li.$i 1> fr 

1 00 


Oilman ch 

New Bumiidi, \V. B. Ml- 

«I1,M.D. $400 

.\h,.n,L-h,r,yr,t.A.M.S.S. "00 

Ai"™,"."!"'*'";;;:::::::::: 4^ 

"K.i'r'.-iiiks'^rk-j; Himchrtion 

i'lainliL-W.I.F. Hc*bini...' 600 
Millun C-Mir... F.ld. O, C. 

R"l>i"i^>" Soo 

MiltDn Centre S. 3 1 90 

Atlanta ch to so 

Dc^CKekch?..'! !1!I^"I! 400 
El Psio. Rev. J P Howard 

El Pasn, Dea. Bvani, sup. 
HI Paso S. S. for Bup. OnK- 

El Paio cb ]0SS 

Hudsou ch j6js 

LeilnAton eh.. c co 

MendotaY. P. S. C. E a oi 

Minnnkeh 64s 

MmonkY.P. 1 ss 

Champaignch jy Sj 

ChampalKO S. S 13 .7 

Giffordch.'!,!!i"i'!!'"!i;i! ^w 

Pen Held' ch'..V".^ ."?.'"!!".' Ij « 

UrbanaS. S.'i^"!^!^!"'.!!! 008 

UrbanaY. P. 500 

Glrard eh 2 73 

Smith's Grove c'li.I^i. '..'."! I r go 

yj^biiiicii,.....^^.... ...... 7 ^l 

,.■ ' " "Po 

Chicasr., CcnIenniflLch. '.'.'.'. 14^91 
Cbicaen, Central ch., Mits 

M. G. Burdelte $ ™ 

Chicagn, Covenant ch ji 14 

Chicago. Englewood ch IJ9 jS 

ChlugOi Englenood S. S., 

forsup-n pr..careorRev. 

I, S. Adams, China 15 oo 

Chicago Englewood Y. P. 

ghkajjo, istch. .. sio Sj 

Chk.iil.vljihcb. .. aij on 

Ctiica^olHvdePi^rk'ch.!!!! i4 S4 

^"N"iF™^fe,''/or*Te^.'ni«?oi' J w 
Chicago, LakeVlewS.S., for 

Rev. John Flnh, Amm.. t ql 

(^hlca^,,.. 46 00 

Chicai;!!, Memorlalch Xlt 01 

Chicairn, Messiah ch., Mrs. 

Z. Eiion, for work In 

ChicaK". MUUinl Ave.'du'.^ 16 00 

Chicago, Second eh ijo *i 

Chicago, So. l>ark cb. f, 01 

Chicago. Western Ave. eh.. 4jS 90 



Crystal Lake, A. Thompson, $500 

Hlgin, istch 243 17 

£lgin, Immanuel ch 3 00 

Evanston ch 6a 30 

Harvey, Mrs. Daniels i 00 

Hebron ch 20 00 

Highland Park ch iS 40 

Hijarhland Park Y. P. for 500 

LaGrangeS.S 4 15 

Morgan Park ch i79 S4 

Oak Park ch 5000 

Wauconda ch 2 60 

Waukej^on ch 44 37 

Waukegon S. S 10 aS 

Wheaton ch 54 94 

Whcaton Y. P 1000 

Woodstock S. S. for Pariah, 

care of Dr. Clough 3o 74 

Miss J. Sondcricker i 00 

Chicago, Pilgrim Temple ch. 11 00 

Cairo ch 11 00 

Joncsboro, A. J. Smith, for 

sup. Dfriam Gooraviah, 

care of Dr. Clough 10 00 

Dumascus ch 315 

Eriech 523 

Freeportch 5000 

Mt. Carroll ch 3950 

Mt. Carroll S. S 1000 

Mt. Carroll Y. P la 00 

Chatsworth ch. '. ^5 90 

Grant Park ch 2 50 

Hoopeston ch 10 35 

I.oda ch 30 00 

Momence ch 9 00 

Hart's Prairie, Eld. W. P. 

Hart, for pr., care of Dr. 

Clough 2500 

Carbondale ch 21 75 

Carbondale Y. P 975 

Granville ch 17 00 

I^ Salle, late Aaron Gunn.. 10 00 
Marseilles S. S. for Ong. 

student 4 85 

Ottawa ch m 15 

Ottawa S. S. for sup. Rev. 

R. L. Halsey 211 15 

Paw Paw ch 2950 

Tonica ch 2000 

Galesburgch 115 03 

Galesburg S. S 5000 

GalesburgY. P 1800 

Galva ch 1675 

Sparland S. S 4 30 

Steuben S. S 50 

Barry ch 21 50 

Alpha ch *° 95 

Mt. Pleasant ch 26 S7 

Rock Island, I St ch 2002 

Belvidere, ist ch 21 24 

Morcngo ch 22553 

Moren^o S. S 63 12 

Rochelle ch 13 30 

Rock ford, 1st ch 1800 

Rockford, ist ch. Y. P. for 

sup. Moliah Poliah, care of 

Dr. Clough 1000 

Rockford, bUte St. ch I37 54 

Rockford, State St. S.S 1410 

Stillman Valley ch 637 

SUllnian Valley S.S 8 00 

Sycamore ch 23 75 

B'landensville ch 22 00 

Blandensville Y . P 5 00 

Macomb ch 17 74 

Macomb Y. P 1670 

Oquawka ch 1750 

Roseville ch 1626 

Rozetta ch 15 50 

J. J.Green and wife 3000 

St. Mary's, Rev. E. Goodwin 

and wife, tow. sup. n. pr. 

in China 25 00 

St.Mary'sch 1000 

Big Ridge ch $240 

Berlin ch 15 50 

Thos. G. Mcndenhall 50 00 

Jacksonville ch 73 25 

Springfield, Fred Brooks for 

sup. Ong. stu 1250 

Springfield ch 6073 

Stonington ch 63 00 

Marion, Mrs. C. J. Pease ... 2 00 

Chicago, 4th ch., Sw 805 

Chicago,Tabernacle ch. Sw., 23 00 

Lake View ch 26 oo 

Chica((o, Sw. churches per 

Weekly News 8S 71 

Austin Y. P 2000 

DeKalb ch 975 

Evanston Y. P 41 00 

Galesburg Y. P. per Rev. 
M. Berglund, for pr., care 
of Rev. O. L. Swanson, 

Assam 800 

Moline ch 2000 

Ladies for China 50 00 

Monmouth ch. 5 00 

Princeton ch 3 06 

WISCONSIN, $6,236.67. 

Manawa ch $> 00 

Milwaukee, Garfield Ave. B. 

Y.P. U 4 49 

Milwaukee, Temple Builders 
of wh. $2 is for school 

work, c. o. Rev. J .Speicher, 10 30 

South Kaukauna ch 10 00 

Clinton, Ellek Bruce, de- 
ceased 4*300 00 

Madison C. E. Society 6 S5 

River Falls S. S. " Birthday 

ofCerins^ 242 

Buena Visla S. S 150 

Merrill ch 940 

Rhinelander ch 6 14 

Waupaca ch 2 00 

Wauson ch 504 

Wausau S. S 996 

Beaver Dam ch 5250 

Columbus, J. I. Merriam and 

wife 15 00 

Fox Lake ch 4300 

Lodi ch 100 

Otsego ch 5 00 

Rio ch 2 00 

Eau Claire ch v 10000 

Augusta ch 1130 

Augusta Y. P 140 

Knapp ch i 50 

Menomonie ch 3620 

Bcloit ch 31 75 

Clinton ch. 2000 

Evansville ch 2300 

ianesville ch.... 25593 

uda Y. P 400 

liley ch. 2 50 

Union ch 500 

Elroy ch 255 

ElroyY. P 290 

Kendall ch iS 00 

La Crosse Tab. ch 4 85 

Sparta ch 3050 

Whitehall, Mrs. N. L. Sweet, 10 00 

Darlington ch 2400 

Barahoo ch 5 00 

Baraboo S. S 5 oS 

Fairlield ch 300 

Madison ch 77 29 

Lyndon ch 15 16 

Merton ch 1942 

Merton S.S i 01 

Individual 52 

Milwaukee, Garfield Ave. 

ch II 10 

Milwaukee South ch ioi 6a 

Milwaukee Tab. ch 50 00 

Oconomowoc ch » 34 33 

Racine Y. P 1400 

Sheboygan Falls ch $5 50 

Waukesha ch 79 46^ 

Wauwatosach 7000 

Hudson ch 59 91 

Burlington ch at 22 

Delavan ch 271 37 

E. Delavan ch ^ 800 

Millard ch 16 50 

Walworth ch 1 2 50 

Whitewater ch 800 

Appleton ch.'. 39 00 

Berlin ch 2700 

Fond-du-Lac ch 550 

Green Bay, istch 47 7a 

Marinette ch 11 25 

Omro ch 13 OS 

Union Grove Ladies' Soc. for 

Africa 600 

Marinette Swedish ch 23 6a 

MINNESOTA, $3,094.27. 

Milton ch $10 oo> 

St. Paul, Miss Edna J. Piatt, 

tow. sup. girl in school at 

Ningpo, care Miss H. L. 

Corbin 10 oa 

Minneapolis, 1st. ch. Mrs. 

W.W.Campbell 1000 

Minneapolis, istch 566 17 

Minneapolis, 1st ch., Young 

Men for W. China 87 30 

Minneapolis, 1st ch. S. S., 

for Rungiah 50 oa 

Minneapolis, Olivet ch 51 97 

Minneapolis, Olivet ch.. 

Young Men for W. China, 12 55 

Minneapolis, Calvary ch.... 4635 
Minneapolis, Calvary ch.. 

Young Men for W. China, 15 00 

Minneapolis, 4th ch 1324 

Minneapolis, 4th ch., Young 

Men lor VV. China 100 00 

Minneapolis, Tabernacle ch., 31 oa 
Minneapolis, Tabernacle ch.. 

Young Men for W. China, 5 00 

Anoka, Y. M. for W. China, 2 75 

Minneapolis, Central ch 100 00 

Minneapolis, Central ch. S.S. 22 05. 
Minneapolis, Central ch., ' 

Men tor \V. China 40 00 

Minneapolis, German c , 

for famine fund. 5 50 

Anoka ch 1434 

Minneapolis, Immanuel ch., 7 00 
Minneapolis, Immanuel ch., 

Y. Men for W. China Co 

Lake Benton ch 385 

Lake Benton ch. S. S 1 75 

Pipestone ch 6 7o 

Worthington ch 7 §7 

Worth ington Aid Soc'y .... 5 00 

Windoin ch 1025 

Windom ch. B. Y. P. U 300 

Windom ch. Jr. B. Y. P. U., 4a 

Mankato ch H ^5 

Kasota ch 3 9a 

St.James ch 550 

Minnc.'ipolis, ist Sw. King's 

Army 10050 

Burchi^rd, D. Hammer 5 25 

Minneapolis, istSw."Elada 

Hudskapet" 2000 

Grove City ch 34 5S 

North Blanch S.S 100 

Isanti, S. ch S 17 

Isanti, Edna Rapp •. 1000 

Isanti, North ch 5 30 

Isanti, Rev. Carl Vingren.. 25 00 

Isanti, Worn. Soc 2000 

Isanti, Children's Soc 10 eo 

Cambridge ch. 7 5© 

Fish Lake ch 11 54 

Stanchfield ch 7 75 

Rush Lake ch « 00 

Spring Vale ch., u 



Houston ch $6 75 

■Cokato ch 7 50 

Cokato ch. Little Helpers... 10 00 

Worthington ch 56 25 

Worthington ch., Lena Mo* 

berg: ; 100 

Fergus Falls ch 6 S3 

Fergus Falls Hope Army. . . 10 00 
Fergus Falls ch., Helena Pe- 
terson 4 00 

Big Stone ch 400 

Brainerd ch 5 co 

Brainerd ch. Sewing Soc.... 5 00 

Delano ch 4 00 

Willmar ch 365 

WiUmar ch. S. S 541 

Willmar ch., ch. for Nazzag- 

ga, Bapatla, Ind 709 

Kra Wing ch 23 30 

Albert L^a, for A. Khini, 

Swatow '. 15 00 

Lincoln ch 31 00 

Lincoln ch., P. M. Peterson, 

for Zechariah Deknu Sib- 

saffor, Assam 25 00 

Burcnard cb 3 75 

St. Paul, ist ch. S\v 43 33 

St. Paul, Anna Lindholm... 3 00 
St. Paul, Woman's Soc for 

Congo 50 00 

Minneapolis, 1st Sw. Y. P. 

Soc., W. China 5000 

Elira, y. P. S 2645 

Elim, S. S 300 

Duluth, Bethel ch., for W. 

China a 00 

Duluth, ist Sw. B. Y. P. U., 3 00 

Duluth, ist Sw. S. S 200 

St. Cloud ch 1015 

St. Cloud ch. Y. P. S 600 

Henning, Y. P. S 500 

Scandia, Y.P. S 500 

Scandia ch 5 00 

Scandia, Frank Lundston... 3 00 

Scandia, for famine fund.... 4 50 

Greenleaf, for famine fund.. 8 10 

Soudan ch 10 10 

St. Peter, P. Tcnquist $ 00 

White Rock. J. Monson 500 

Leenthrop ch. 660 

Foldahl, C. Olson 2 50 

Foldahl, C. Olson, for famine 

fund 250 

Ortonville, J. Carlson, for 

Konegupogu Moses, Uday- 

agiri. care Rev. W. K. 

At anley 12 50 

West Duluth ch 500 

Lake City Sw. ch 5 00 

Alexandria ch., for debt.... 5 00 

Deerwood ch 1000 

Rev. A. Sissell i 00 

Fnsston ch 3 74 

St. Paul Dan. Nor. ch 325 

Kasson ch., Dan. Nor 1440 

Kasson ch., Dan. Nor., S. S., 3 01 

Albert Lea ch 31 25 

Blooming Prairie Nor. Dan. 

ch 24 40 

Minneapolis Nor. Dun. ch... 2200 
Clark's Grove ch., for fam. 

fund 65 00 

Clark's Grove ch. S. S 753 

Detroit ch 15 75 

Detroit ch. B. Y. P. U 2 Oo 

Brainard ch 570 

Little Falls ch .' 15 50 

Little Falls ch. Y. P. S. C. 

E 300 

St. Paul, Hebron ch 1300 

St. Paul, Hebron ch. Y. P. 

S. C. E., for W. China ... 5 00 

St. Paul, Woodland Park ch., 15S 07 
St. Paul, Woodland Park ch. 

S.^ 2 04 

St. Paul, Philadelphian ch., 

Stillwater ch. 

Red Wing ch 

Red Wing ch.. Rev. W. E. 

Barker, for Juddia Lux- 

miah, care Rev. W. R. 

Manley, Udayagiri, India, 
St. Paul, •• a fnend,'» ibr W. 


St. Paul, Burr St. ch 

St. Paul, istch 

Clinton Falls ch 

Kenyon ch 

Brownsdale ch 

Berlin ch 

Blooming Prairie ch 

Austin en 

Cheney ch 

Hector ch 

Wheaton ch 

Bird Island ch 

Money Creek ch 

St. Charles ch 

\Vassioga ch 

West Concord ch 

West Concord C. E. Soc. . . . 

Minnesota City ch 

Minnesota City S. S 

Kasson ch 

Rochester ch 

Winona ch 

Leroy Y. P. S. C. E. for W. 


Northfield ch 

Duluth, ist ch 


Crookston ch 

Minneapolis, Nor..Dan. ch. 
Houston ch 

IOWA, $1,144.79. 

Toledo ch., Mrs. D. B. Ed- 

McGregor, Mrs. A. T. Ar- 
nold, tow. the debt 

Bedford, Mrs. A. M. Clark, 
for the debt ■ . . 

Indianola, ist ch., for Rev. 
W. F. Gray's work, Hau- 

Chardon, from ••Light- 
House" boxes 

Denison, ist ch 

Knoxville ch 

Estherville ch 

Superior ch 

Omaha, Rev. N. B.Ralrden, 

Marion ch 

Vinton ch 

Marshalltown ch 

Alta, Wom. Soc 

Stratford ch 

Kiron ch 

Swea ch 

Cedar Rapids ch 

Des Moines Forest Ave. 

Des Moines Forest Avr. ch. 

Monroe ch. 

Fairmont ch 

Wintcrset ch 

Knoxville, Miss. Rand 

Des Moines, i st ch 

I nt. Zion ch 

Bedford, ist ch. B. Y. P. U. 

Lake City, Rev. J. Wayland 

Eldon ch 

Ottumwa ch 

Washington ch 

Wellman ch 

Sibley ch 

Sibley S. S 

Sibley B. Y. P. U 

Sioux Citv Imm.inuel ch. .. 

$2 65 

9 61 

15 06 

15 00 

20 00 

24 75 

45 07 


15 CO 

5 4t 

5 00 



6 00 


19 00 

3 00 


16 24 

10 00 

3 SO 

2 27 

5 *w 


62 25 

2 25 

41 04 

50 00 

55 oS 

25> 60 

1 66 

1 69 

$2 00 

20 00 

5 00 

40 00 

1 17 
32 00 

5 12 


2 25 

10 00 

16 20 

3 00 
20 00 


4 00 

4 26 

10 06 

6 00 
45 00 

^ 50 
54 04 

» 7-2 
'I 45 


10 00 

5 00 

3 30 
63 iS 

10 00 
' 25 

1 1 00 
3 30 
5 ^o 
3 >o 

Akron ch. • $19 

Akron B. y. P. U... ••••••.• 5 00 

Fairfield ch 50 

Fairfield Trs x ex 

Medea polls ch 5 ao 

Mt. Pleasant ch 25 00 

Sperry ch 3 10 

Burlington, Walnut St. ch.. 6 03 

Burlington, istch 30 00 

iessup, B. Y. P. U 5 CO 

essup B. Y. P. U. for n. pr. % ^ 

Iff anchester ch x> <x> 

Dubuque ch to 00 

Cascade ch s Jl 

Hiteman ch ^ ^^ 

Centerville ch ^ *$ 

Russell B. Y. P. U a ^ 

Iowa Falls ch 35 Jj 

Marshalltown ch y» ^ 

Marshalltown, Mrs. Emily ^ 

Randall 100 -^ 

Farmington ch 5 ^^ 

Keokuk ch 19 <^ 

Bcmaparte ch 1 qq 

Osage ch 25 

Osage S. S. ior Rev. J. M. ot 

Carvell, Assam 7 

Rockwell ch 12 ] 

Plainfield ch 16 • 

Riceville ch 22 r' ___ i 

Swaledale ch 12 

Cedar Falls ch 5 

Camanche ch 7 

Whilton Junction ch 4 

Muscatine ch 27 

Davenport ch ^ 90 

Emerson B. Y. P. U 4 

Red Oak ch 25 

Red Oak B. Y. P. U 25 

Red Oak S. S 25 

NorthboroS. S 4 

Ciarinda ch 10 

Taborch 6 8* 

Tabor B. Y. P. U 251 

Rowles ch 42c 

Mt. Olive ch a 

Sigournev ch 4 

So. English ch 225 

Bragton B. Y. P. U 1 4c 

KANSAS, $1,396.32. 

Piano ch. for India $12 

Nickerson ch 5 Sc9 

Nickerson ch. S. S 3 iZ 

Nickerson ch. Y. P. S i 8S^ 

Aldench... 2 Sc^ 

Alden S. S 355 

Alden Y. P. S. C. E 75 

Onaga ch 3 4^ 

Elm Creek ch 425 

Elm Creek S. S 200 

Elm Creek, Rev. L. Gott- 

man 500 

Havensville ch 271 

Havensville S. S 46 

Wheaton ch i 50 

Blue Rapids ch 2300 

Marshall Centre ch 31 00 

Marshall Centre ch. S. S.... 1 12 

Marysville, John Braly 5 00 

Roxbury ch 215 

Roxbury S. S a 00 

Newton ch 2644 

McPherson ch 27 49 

McPherson S.S 6 79 

McPherson Y. P. S. C. E. .. a 95 

Victory ch 800 

Victory ch. S. S i ao 

Florence ch n 47 

Morgan ch 275 

Caldwell ch 600 

Caldwell ch. S. S 63 

Caldwell ch., Mr. T.E.Neal, 3500 

Harper S. S 3o 

Chicaskia ch 3^ 



«• $aos 

h S 00 

a 00 

6 00 

. MUa Sadie Sam. 

I 00 

::h 40 

h I 00 

6 as 

S. S a 10 

a la 

S. S 1 30 

{% P> b. C. £. . . > . a 33 

3ch a 50 

3, J. Putnam 50 

h 4 ao 

ch 61 64 

h I 75 

[oseph Little 10 00 

a 00 

. tow. the debt. ... a 00 

7 60 

adison St. S. S. . . 50 

e ch 9 80 

:h 6731 

: ch 3 30 

ch la S8 

h a 70 

orth ch 15 34 

orth ch. S. S 935 

orth ch. Y.P. S.. 5 3' 

ch 4 70 

ch 10 97 

Cfl* 2l« o«****a**** 1 y^ 

Cll* o* O* ••••■••• 1 ^^ 

h S65 

» 09 

S.S 331 

ch...... 134 79 

ch. S.S......... 35 00 

y, istch 15 z± 

y, ist ch. S. S.... I ao 

y, 1st ch. Y. P. S. 3 50 

V, 1st ch. Young 

(ble and Mission 

o apply tow. sup. 

»meh, c. o. Rev. 

renport la 50 

r, £.dgerton Place 

S a9 

ty, Edgerton PI. 

7 SO 

ty, Edgerton PI. 

13 SO 

Lh ch 23 53 

^•- S 30 

S.S 70 

» •• 4 75 

y. 3dch 7 67 

e ch 10 00 

5 1 79 

d ch 9 40 

PS... so 

K • Mr m da********** I 00 

1 50 00 

I 41 

ce ch 1 00 

»V" 32s 

ta d« k^stta********* I 10 

h I 49 

J. M.Jones s 00 

Miss May Dob* 

S 00 

1st ch 58 77 

1st ch. S. S 2 71 

h 4 00 


. S. S 2 22 

h 18 00 

9 75 

3» 35 

LcT. S. J. Miner, 

1st inst. L. M., including 
$5 received last month .... $20 00 

Troy ch 1000 

Joraan Creek ch a 00 

Barleyville ch 15 44 

Woodlawn S. S 35 

Colby ch 7 as 

Oberlin ch 90s 

Phillipsburg ch. 00 

PhilJipsbure, O. D. Lewis . . s *^ 

Big Creek en a 60 

Smith Centre ch 100 

Jennings ch 7s 

Concordia ch 7 00 

Clyde ch 10 10 

Belleville ch 10 75 

Clay Centre ch. 16 is 

Beloit ch 13 so 

BeloitS.S a 04 

Beverly ch a $$ 

£lmira ch 1 so 

Minneapolis -•• s 7'' 

Abilene ch iS 14 

Abilene S.S 70 

Abilene ch. Y. P. S a 33 

Antioch ch s 00 

Elm Grove, Newell Howard, 1 00 

Pratt ch a s^ 

Pratt, W. H. Shrack a 00 

MU Pleasant ch a 00 

Cairo ch i $0 

PrestonS.S i as 

Altamont S. S 3 45 

Labette ch 3 00 

Parsons S. S 3 35 

Oswego Y. P. S 260 

Mt. Pisgah ch 910 

Mt. Pisgah ch. S. S 1 00 

Thayer ch 3 00 

Osage City, VV. C 669 

Enterprise, W. C So 

Enterprise, John Enicker ... i so 

Kansas City ch 6 a9 

Kansas City S. S 236 

Kansas City Y. P. S a 70 

Dutins ch 33s 

Hays City S. S i so 

Woodston ch 3 so 

Grand Centre ch so 

Ellis ch 400 

Hill City ch.. 17s 

Plcasent V^iew ch 60 00 

Arkansas City S. S 150 

WilmotS. S 100 

Wichita, West sid»S. S. ... a 00 

Wichita, Emporia Ave. ch.. a so 

WinReldch 54 4S 

El Dorado Y. P. S s 40 

El Dorado ]r. Y. P. S i 80 

Nacka, Wuliam and Sarah 

Anderson tow. the debt. .. 4 00 
Ottawa, H. P. Blunt tow. 
sup. student, care of Miss 

Olive Blunt 3 00 

Ottawa, Bethel ch 300 

MISSOURI, $31.15. 

Board of Home and Foreign 

Missions 1 is 

Macon, E. A. Merrifield ... aS 00 

St. Louis, Jasper Powlis, for 

the debt i 00 

Clinton ch i 00 

NEBRASKA, $341.67. 

Atkinson ch 6 00 

Liberty B. Y. P. U a 00 

Omaha, 1st Swedish ch. for 
famine sufferers, care of 

Rev. G. H. Brock la 00 

Palmyra, member of S. S. .. 1 00 

F"riend, for the debt. 1 00 

Gibl>on ch 9 ou 

] uniatu ch 4 34 

Mason City ch $a $2 

Broken Bow ch 6 00 

Endell, adch 340 

Endell, istch a 00 

Juniata S. S. "chiU 
dren's offering '*.... 110 

$14 02 

Expenses of O. A. 

Buzzell 3 Sa $10 20 

Burwell ch 6< 

Columbus ch 10 48 

Norfolk ch 1347 

Norfolk, W. & C. Haycroft, 

tow. sup. J. Paul a as 

Wayne ch..... 400 

Carroll Y. P. S i 81 

Plain view ch ^4 55 

Plainvicw ch. Y. P. S 165 

Plainview, Geo. C. Merrill.. a 00 

Randolph ch 34s 

Johnson ch 3 36 

AubumS.S 1 56 

Pawnee City S. S 360 

Peru ch ^99 

Peru ch. S. S 701 

TecumsehS. S 118 

Liston ch 130 

Liston, Rev. H. H. Allen.. i 00 

Liston, Mrs. H. N. Allen.. i 00 

Liston, Esther B. Allen i oc 

Liston, Bessie F. Allen i 00 

Liston, Charlie H. Allen. . . . i oo 

Chadron ch 131a 

Chadron ch. S. S i SS 

Silver Creek Y. P. S 7 S6 

Silver Creek, Mrs. S. H. 

Johnson s 00 

Omaha, Beth-Eden ch 3' 45 

Omaha. 1st ch. Rev. N. B. 

Rairaen 15 00 

Holdredge ch 274 

Hastings ch s 77 

Fisher S. S i « 

Oakland ch 31 So 

Oakland ch. S. S 13 75 

Oakland ch. Y. P. S 1500 

VaUeyS. S a 00 

Waterville, J. A. Swanson . s ^ 

Gothensburg ch ^3 35 

Gothensburg, John Daw.... 3 10 

Weston S. S. la ao 

Weston, O. A. Ekdahl a s^ 

Weston, Mrs. C. Hanson... a oc 

Stark, Alfred Gustatson .... a so 

Omaha, South ch a 30 

Denver, H. F. Wilkinson, $2 
for the debt, and $a for 

current expenses .' $400 

Denver, North Side ch 8 30 

Denver, North Side S. S.... a 60 

Denver, North Side Y.P... 65 
Denver, Mrs. A. W. Har- 
rington, Leicester, Mass., 
Miss C a pi tola Dukes, 
Chariton, Iowa, tow. sup. 
Coh-da-foh, care Rev. J. R. 

Goddard, Ningpo 22 40 

Denver, istch 45 10 

Delta ch 11 00 

Delta ch. S. S 400 

Lake City ch a 00 

Denver, Calvary ch S5 7° 

Denver, Beth-£den ch 38 50 

Denver, Swede ch. Peter 

Norby a 00 

Denver, Judson Afem'I ch 20 2S 

Denver ch. S.-S 6 S5 

Denver ch. Y. P. S 390 

Greelv ch 7827 

Fort Collins ch « 13 

Lajuntach aS 00 

La Junta, Rev. F. W. Hart, 

tow. sup. 12 so 



JLa Junta, Mrs. A. Russell 

tnw.sup. $ij 50 

JLa Junta, J. B. Sherman tow. 

sup. n . pr 12 50 

La Junta, Mrs. J. B. Sherman 

tow. sup. Bible woman ... 15 00 

CaSon City ch 75 75 

Gallon City, Miss Luella A. 

Hall, to apply tow. work of 

Rev.J. S. Aaams 2500 

Cafion City, Mrs. M. Etta 

Massey, to apply tow. sup. 

B. W. Mah Tin, c. o. Ucv. 

John McGuire 25 00 

CaRon City, Miss M. V. 

Seclve, to apply tow. 

work of Rev.J. S. Adams, 3500 

Pueblo, I St ch 29 00 

Colorado Springs ch 250 So 

Husted ch 4 61 

Table Rock ch 410 

Monuntent ch 4 S9 

CALIFORNIA, $3,300.59. 

Alameda ch $44 50 

Alameda ch. S. S 1290 

Berkley ch. . .-. 36 00 

Ceres Y. P. S. for sup. Rev. 

W.Wynd S 00 

Golden Gate B. Y. P. U. for 

sup. Rev. VV. Wynd c 00 

Golden Gate S. S 800 

Oakland, 1st ch 7514 

J. P. Coesville ■.. 5000 

Rev. C. H. Hobart 2000 

Extra Cent a Day Band 1440 

Oakland, loth Ave. ch 350 60 

Oakland, loth Ave. S. S... . 16 11 

Oakland, 23d Ave. ch 10500 

Oakland Beth-Eden ch 5 00 

Oakland Swede ch 11 75 

Oakland Swede ch. S. S 3 00 

Oakland Swede ch. Y. P. S., 

for sup. n. pr. Shway Ze 

Paw, c. o. Dr. Bunker as 00 

Penryn ch . 1^45 

Penryn ch. Y. P. S 7 55 

Penryn ch. S. S 5 <^ 

Sacramento Calvary ch 3^ 5^ 

Sacramento Calvary ch. Y. 

P.S 350 

San Francisco, istch 100 30 

San Francisco, 1st ch. Y. P. 

S 15 00 

San Francisco, ist ch. S. S.. 10 00 

San Francisco, Em'l ch. ... 4 75 

San Francisco Em'lch.S. S. 5 00 
San Francisco, Hamilton Sq. 

ch 2S 00 

San Francisco, Hamilton Sq. 

CDs Oa w* •••••••••••• ••••• ^ Cy 

San Francisco, 3d ch. S. S.. . 17 65 

San Francisco, 3d ch.Jrs.... i 75 
San Francisco, 3d ch. Y. P. 
S. C. £. for work on the 

Congo 1000 

San Francisco Swede ch. ... 10 70 

Sonora Y. P. S a 30 

Sonora S. S 2 70 

Caspar ch 11 35 

Caspar ch. S. S i <x) 

Fort Bragg ch 2k) ys 

Mendociua ch. 4 35 

Mendocina ch. S. S 4 00 

Alhambrach 3 30 

Alhambra ch. .*>. S 3 80 

AzusaS.S 5 (^ 

Chino ch 100 

Compton ch 1300 

Covinach 100 

Covina, Mr. and Mrs. (iroal, 3 00 

Downcych 35^ 

Gardena ch 9 06 

Los Angeles, 1st ch 43682 

Los Angeles, ist ch. Y. P. 

S. ... $ao 65 

Los Angeles Memorial ch. . 100 46 
Los Angeles Memorial ch. 

S. S 1000 

Los Angeles Memorial ch. 

X • A • Oa V^« J2»a •••••••••••• S 00 

Los Angeles Memorial In. 

Los Angeles American ch.. 15 41 
Los Angeles American ch. 

S. S 500 

Los Angeles Bethel ch 6 11 

Los Angeles Central ch 1500 

Los Angeles Swede ch 54 5^ 

Los Angeles Swede ch.S. S. 64 
Los Angeles Swede ch. Y. 

P. S., for sup. n. pr. M. 

Lucus, c. o. Rev. O. L. 

Swanson, Sibsagor, AS' 

sam 15 00 

Monrovia ch 7' 5' 

Monrovia ch. S. S 3 00 

Monroviajes i 20 

Pomona ch 4236 

Pomona ch. Y. P. S. C. E. 

for sup. n. pr. Kondiah c. 

o. Rev. I. S. Hankins S 50 

Rivera B. Y. P. U 325 

South Pasadena ch ^79 

South Pasadena Y. P. U.... o 55 

South Pasadena S. S 2 15 

Anderson ch 1000 

Chico ch 10 31 

Chico ch. S. S 5 10 

Chico ch. Irs 50 

Millville en 20a 

Willows ch 10000 

Auburn Y. P. S 4 S3 

Auburn Juniors 45 

Cinabro ch 2 35 

Cinabro Y. P. S 00 

Dixon ch 29 30 

Healdsburg ch 6 50 

Middletown ch 3 30 

Out Stations 1 15 

Out Stations Y. P. S i 20 

Out Stations S. S 1 86 

Ruby Dearborn 1 uo 

Uapa ch. sup. n. pr. Moung 

Teh Fong care Rev. W. 

H. Cossum, Ningpo '7 75 

Sacramento, 1st ch 61 01 

Sacramento Emmanuel ch. . 36 81 
Sacramento Emmanuel ch. 

S. S T 500 

Santa Rosa ch 1090 

Santa Rosa ch. Y. P. S 2 60 

St. Helena ch 400 

St. Helena Y. P. S 1 50 

St.HclenaS.S i So 

Winters ch i 05 

Winters Y. P. S a 00 

Fallbrook ch '5 3» 

Fallbrook Y. P. S 500 

Julian Y. P.S 400 

National City ch ^5 70 

Oceanside ch 2 25 

OtayY.P.S 690 

San Diego, ist ch 77 75 

San Diego B. Y. P. U 3061 

San Diego, Grand Ave., 

Miss a 35 

San Diego Swede ch 1000 

Redlands ch 94 80 

Eastberne Mission S. S 4 07 

Riverside, istch 71 79 

Riverside Y. P. S 5000 

Riverside S. S 1009 

San Bernardino ch 75 75 

Santa Ana ch 7^35 

Santa Ana Y. P. S 3003 

Santa Ana S.S 1750 

Dr. J. G. Berneike for Ger- 
many 1000 

South Riverside ch $3$ 

South Riverside Y. P. S. . . . 4 

SoQIh Riverside Jrs TSl^ 

Santa Ana Emmanuel ch. .. i^ "^^ 
Santa Ana, Emmanuel Y. P. 

S S K5 

Santa Ana Emmanuel S. S.. 10 

Santa Ana Emmanuel W. C. a 

Armona S. S.. < .^ a 

R. F. McFee 5 

Fresno, 1st ch ij 

Lamoore S. S 3 

Madera ch 32 

Madera B. Y. P. U 6 

Madera S.S 8 

Orosi S. S 9 

Reedley S. S a 

Selmach 9 

Selma S. S 3 ^30 

Selmajrs 3 ^sf> 

Visalia, M. S. Featherstone, i «» 

Santa Barbara ch 5S «9 

Sante Barbara B.Y. P. U... 4 co 

Ventura, Frank Griffin a ^ 

Gonzolach i» 00 

Gonzola Y. P. S ^ 00 

KingCitych a 30 

Los Gatos ch a« 05 

Morgan Hill S.S » 77 

Mountain View ch 7^ 2$ 

Shilo ch ^ 50 

Salinasch i^ 90 

Salinas ch. S. S ^. 9^^ 

Salinas ch. Jrs SS 

San lose, istch loc^ 00 

San Jose, Immanuel ch i^ 00 

San Lucas ch ^ 

SantaClarach %, 05 

SanU Clara Y. P. S ^ 00 

Santa Clara S. S ■ ^ 

SanU Cruz, ist ch 2C9 ^ 

Santa Cruz, 2d ch ^ ^ 

Watsonville Scand. ch v '^ 

Dutch Flat, Mrs. George 

Squires ^ ^ 

Bishop Station, Mrs. A. R. 

Schively r ^ 


Contributions from all Yob- ""^ 
People's societies in California, "^"V^ 
otherwise designated, are for "**"• 
support of Rev. W. Wynd. 

National City, Mrs. Lucy S. 

Foss tc=:^^ 

Bishopch ^^^ ^ 

Myrtle, R. W. Thomas 3* 

OREGON, $837.73. 

Albany, H. F. Merrill and 

family $^^00 

Carlton ch la^^ *S 

Corvallisch ^^^ S 

McMinnviile ch 5^^^^ 

McMinnvillech. Y. P. S.... 2«= — ^^ 

McMinnviile ch. S. S i^ "^ ^ 

Oak Creek ch -r^^ V 

Scio ch ^^=5* 

Adamsch... _ ""^ 'S 

Juniors, Adams ch ^ & 

'Athena ch :=^ «b 

Helix ch ^7 «> 

LaGrandch "7*3 

Pendleton ch »- -^^ 

Pendleton Y. P. S ^ ^^ 

Pendleton S. S ^ "* 

Pendleton W. Circle ^ Sf> 

Eugene ch m ^ T^ 

Oakland B.Y. P. U ^S 

Oakland S.S * 

Mrs. M.J. Kerley SS 

Riddlesch H 

Med ford ch i^«> 



md Mrs. S. L. 

famine relief, * ' 

. A. SUntoo . . $5 00 
ind Mrs. S. L. 

.... 5 CM 

• • 10 00 

• »S 90 

S a 00 

a 10 

5 CO 

5 364 

a friend 5 00 

I 00 

I.".*.!!*.!!!.!!! 161 ^ 


• 340 

h 197 50 

h. Y. P. S.... 7 60 

ti. S. S 15 00 

1 II 00 

I. Jrs I 8a 

»ry ch « 48 

ary ch. S.S... o 77 
. J. O. Bur. 
vup. n. pr. A- 
J. W. Carlin, 

la 50 

anuel ch 9 iS 

anaelch. S.S., i 47 

a7 44 

10 00 

» SO 

Rev. G. W. 

as 00 

GTON, $775.86. 

d ch 10 00 

Mrs. Monett 

« as 

• 3S90 

S la 40 

17 00 

P. S S 

$ 1 56 

ch 51 06 

ch. Y. P. S.. a 29 

I ch 1 50 

I ch. Y.P.S... I 50 

I ch. S. S a 00 


Y. P. S a3 55 

S.S 1381 

pastor 10 00 

t St, S.S I 35 



a 60 





h 31 so 

ti Sidech 51 60 

le ch 350 

le ch. S. S.... a 00 

a 50 

s 4 00 


i » 30 

10 00 

16 2.) 

I . X . U....... 5^ 

S I 9a 


S 165 

7 00 

I. Y. P. S I 00 

liors 3 00 


f. p. U 4 00 

Palousc ch $5 00 

North Yakimn ch 3 00 

Roslyn. ad Y. P. S a 00 

Ballard, Swedish ch 4 25 

New Whatcom, Sw. ch aj a6 

New Whatcom, Sw. ch. S.S. 4 00 

Seattle, Sw. ch 57 Si 

Seattle, Sw. ch. Y. P. S S 00 

Skagit City, Sw. ch 5 00 

Tacoma, Sw. ch 774 

Tacoma, Scand. S. S 4 00 

Tacoma, 1st ch., D. S. Gar- 

lick 100 

Seattle, Tabernacle ch 57 50 

Puyallup ch 500 

IDAHO, $16.50. 

Kendrick ch 55 

Pine Grove ch 95 

Graneeville ch 600 

MiddTeton ch a 00 

Boise Val lev ch a 00 

Soloubria cTi 500 


New Westminster ch 1090 

Victoria Emmanuel ch a6 00 

Victoria Emmanuel ch.S.S., 550 

MONTANA, $128.50. 

Kalispcl ch 1 2 00 

Hamilton ch a 40 

Dillon, G. G. Earle 1000' 

Dillon, G. B. Conway 500 

Dillon, C. A. Harvey 5 00 

Dillon, Y. P. Soc'y 1020 

Great Falls, Sw. ch., for An- 
drew Konegapogu, Uday- 

agiri, India 1250 

Anaconda ch 1060 

Stevensville ch i So 

Missoulu ch 500 

Butte ch 54 00 

NORTH DAKOTA, $51.40. 

Wahpeton ch 10 00 

Bathgate ch 70 

Hamilton ch i 20 

Page City B. Y. P. U 250 

Ellendale ch S 00 

Grafton, Eiig. ch 550 

Grafton, Nor. ch., T. O. 

Wald 3 00 

Bismarck ch 1000 

Kulm ch a 25 

Bcauleen ch 5 00 

Ludden ch 3 35 

SOUTH DAKOTA, $576.24. 

Lead ch 2500 

Centreville, Mr. and Mrs. J. 

Lindnhl 500 

Canton ch 4 64 

Parkston ch 300 

Vermillion ch 51 70 

Vermillion ch., for the debt, coo 

Vermillion ch, B. Y. P. U.. . 22' 70 

Vermillion ch. S. S 1000 

Brookings ch 2561 

Bushncll ch jco 

BrodleyS.S 175 

Elkton ch 11 00 

Loola, Geo. J . Patten f co 

Clark ch jro 

Aberdeen ch 4^ 57 

Bloomingdalc ch 5000 

Sioux Palis, Sw. ch 400 

Sioux Falls, Sw. ch. S. S.... 90 

Orleans, Emma C.Olson... 20 (X) 

Turkey V;illcy rh 1 65 

Turkey Viilk'v, Mrs. Olson.. ^00 

Turkey Valley S. S 35 

Lake Nordcii ch 3 00 

BigSpriugs ch 124 Ss 

Bij^ Springii ch., Young 

People, for n. pr.. $10 cx> 

Oldham S. S 100 

Conde, Indian famine suf. 

ferers 25 (x> 

Sioux Palls ch 4500 

Mitchell ch 12 70 

Montrose ch 6 75 

Spencer ch 250 

Pierre ch.... 779 

Pierre ch. Y. P. S 457 

Pierre ch. S. S i ai 

DeSmetch 500 

Hot Springs ch 15 (X) 

Bryant B. Y. P. U 3 00 

WYO.MING, $43.25. 

Meriden, O. Templeton 7 00 

Cheyenne, islch.... 35^5 

Pine Bluffs, N.P. Rcfsslyn.. i (» 

UTAH, $i7U5o. 

Salt Lake City, East Side ch., 
for famine sufferers in In< 

dia, care Rev. G. H. Brock, i 00 

Salt Lake City, ist ch. Y. P. 
S. C. E. (of wh. $8.60 is 
for famine sufferers, 50 cts. 

from a S. S. class) 1660 

OKLAHOMA — $52.90. 

Yukon ch a 50 

Yukon, D. B. Phillips i 00 

Edmond ch 2000 

Guthrie ch 525 

I lennessey ch 2 50 

Kingfisher ch 200 

Okarche ch i 50 

Watonga ch i 50 

Blackwell ch 1020 

Lexington, C. T. Wilson... 2 00 

Deer Creek ch 245 

Fort Sill, ist Comanche ch.. 2 00 


McAlestcr, Rev. Alfred Fol. 

som $1 25 

Atoka ch 5 cx) 

Tahlequah ch 13 46 

W^agoner S. S 119 

Wagoner, W. M. I lays 2 50 

Alluwc ch 1241 

Bacone, Indian University.. 15 35 

Muscx>gee ch 30 cx) 

Eufaula ch 550 

Baptist, A. L. Lacie a 00 

New Hope ch 625 

Bob ch 1 15 

Moretta ch 340 

Salt Creek ch i 50 

Emahaha, Miss Sarah 

Prickett 7 50 

Emahaha, Miss Anna 

Prickett 750 

Emahaha, Miss F. Talking- 
ton 5 00 

Emahaha, Miss Delia Ran- 
kin 500 

Emahaha, Rev. W. P. Blake 

and wife 10 cx> 

Wynnewood ch 4 50 

Wynnewood ch. S. S i 75 

Duncan ch 500 

Jerry Ward ch 5 00 

Ardmore ch 200 

Ardmore, Dr. Young i 00 

ARIZONA, $995. 

Tuscon ch 7 ao 

Prescolt ch 2 75 


K. Los Vegas ch 28 cx> 



E. Los Vcj^as Y. p. S $500 

E. Los Vegas W. C 3 oo 


Williamsburg, Mrs. J. X. 
Prestridge, tor famine suf- 
ferers, care Rev. W. E. 
Hopkins 300 

Lexington, Clarence W. 
Mathews, for the debt 10 00 


Mossy Creek, Rev. E. Chute, 
for the debt 25 00 

TEXAS, $10. 

Marshall, Rev. E. K. Chand- 
ler, D.JD 1000 

FLORIDA, $10. 

St. Augustine, *' Ancient 
City" ch 10 oo 


Southern Pines, Wm. Ed- 
wards 1000 

Ashevillc, J. VV. Hamer, for 
famine sufferers, care Rev. 
W.E.Hopkins ao 00 


Columbia. Miss Sarah L. 
Hatfield and class (fo! the 
debt) 500 

Columbia, Emoma H. Os- 
born, for the dt-bt 5 00 

ALABAMA, $14.67. 

Lafayette, G. E. Burnett, for 
the famine sufferers, care 
Rev. W. E. Hopkins ^4 '>7 

GEORGIA, $2.00. 

Atlanta, Spelman Seminary, 

Miss M. O. Brooks i 00 

NOV' A SCOTIA, $10.00. 

Wihnot, Mrs. C. A. Burditt, 

for the debt 10 no 


A friend, for the debt 10 00 

Anonymous 50 

ASSAM, $100.00. 

Nowgong, Rev, and Mrs. P. 
E. Aloore 100 00 


Yokohama, Rev. C. K. Har- 
rington 3000 

Sendai, per acct. 1595-6, Rev. 
E. H. Jones, personal do- 
nation, $55.89 mex 30 ()(> 

INDIA, $6,716.69. 

Markapur, per acct. Rev. 

C. R. Marsh, Sept. 30, 

1896, Rs. S4-2.4 = 24 36 

Ongole, per acct. Rev. J. E. 
Clough, Sept. 30, 1S96: 
Wm. BuckncJl's 
daughters .... Rs. 9256-9-3 

Mrs. Sturgeon 1S3-11-9 

Mrs. McCannell.. 50-10-0 
Ladies inGerinany 123313 

Total 10714-1 1.0=3,107 35 

Nel lore, per acct. iS-9§-6,Mrs. 

D. Downie, from U.S. J'nd 
on the field, 17S-9-7— $51.91. 

Per acct. *95-6, Miss M. D. 

Fay, personal, 1 3=... $3*48 $55 39 
Ramapatam, per acct. Rev. 

J.Heinrichs,rec'd froraU.S. 

957-10-3= $377.83 377 S3 

Secunderabad, per acct. Rev. 

W. B. Boggs, Rs. 1 14.3-0. . 33 06 
Kurnool, per acct. Rev. W. 

A. Stanton, rec'd on the 

field, Rs. 713-9.3 30706 

Madras, per acct. Miss S. I. 

Kurtz, from friends, Rs. 56- 

13-0 1653 

Cumbum, per acct. Rev. J. 
Newcomb, rec'd on the 

field, Rs. 140-13-7 4089 

Nursaravapetta, per acct. 
Miss H. D. Newcomb, 
Sept. 30, 1896, rec'd on the 

field, 8-S 0= $2.61 

Per acct. Rev. Wm. Pow- 
ell, ch. colls., Rs. 671-3-3 

= $»94S9 »97 ao 

Udayagiri, per acct. Rev. W. 
R. Manley : 

Rec'd fr. U. S 166-9-1 

Rec'd fr. ch »79-3-6 

345.13.7=100 34 
Palmur, per acct. Rev. w". E. 
Hopkins, rec'd on the field, 

839-9-7= 24360 

Nal^onda, per acct. Rev. A. 
Friesen, from Mennonites 
from Russia and America, 

4718-1-11= 136S 22 

Podili, per acct. Rev. A. C. 
Fuller, fr. R.O. Fuller and 

family 1 247-5-5 

fr. nat. Christians.. 35-1-8 

1282-7-1=371 78 
Sattannpalli, per acct. Rev. 

W. E. B..ggs, Rs. 1827-4-0 529 83 
Gurzalla, per acct. 1S95 6, 
Rev. J. Dussman, friends 
and self, 494 5-1 = >43 ^ 

SWEDEN, $540.00. 

Stockholm, Swedish Baptist 
Committee, for Foreign 
Missi(ms, for salary of 
Rev. E. W. Sjoblom, Con- 
go mission, aooo K 540 oo 

NORWAY, $64.29. 

Christian ia, fr, Norwegian 

churches 64 29 

DENM.fVRK — $502.65. 

From the Baptist churches 
and Sunday schools (of wh. 
$200.00 is lor Mission Work 
.'It Kinjili, Congo, and 
$ioox» for the debt 502 65 

Total $iJ7t5»6 iS 



Mass., Assa 

H.Goddurd.. $36300 
Putnam, Conn., 

Mary P. Gates 117 86 
.S t a m ford. 

Conn., Nancy 

Smith 16 66 

Troy, N. Y., 

Maria G. 

Wager 1 ,666 67 


Y., Mary L. 

Isabel 529 01 

Wilson, N. Y., 

Curtis Pettit. $350 00 
Armenia, Pa., 

D. W. Spratt, 1,900 00 
Petroleum, W. 

Ya.. Sarah 

Carder 100 00 

$4*943 20 
Less Cheney 

legacy trans- 
ferrea to Che- 
ney Fund.... 3,740 00 

2,303 30 

Donations and Legacies 
from April i, 1^^, to 

March 1,1897 214,320 16 

Donations and Legacies 

from April i, 1^)6, to 

April 1, 1S97 $334.03<» 54 

Less amount designated 

for the debts 30,000 o 

$ 304.039^ 

Donations received to 

April 1, 1897...; $258,298 ^ 

Maine 3t923 *^ 

New Hampshire 2.57* ^ 

Vermont 2,705 U 

Massachusetts 45>949 77 

Rhode Island ^^^-^ ^ 

Connecticut ^5o^ ^ 

New York 64^52* 

New Jersey 11,83141 

Pennsylvania 37,1739* 

Delaware 44*4 

District of Columbia.... 1,794 w 

Maryland..... ia(fl 

Virginia.... iS9g 

W. Virginia ii335 ^ 

Ohio 27i3>o7j 

Indiana 3*3724^ 

Illinois 19(927 >S 

Iowa 3,78967 

Michigan 6,06310 

Minnesota 5,76483 

Wisconsin 0,533 15 

Missouri 944 P 

Kansas 3,931 .v> 

Nebraska 1,04466 

Colorado 1 13^7 90 

California 5*'59^ 

Oregon 1,146 p 

No. Dakota 27S 23 

So. Dakota S97 oS 

Washington 1,331 6S 

Nevada 4S 00 

Idaho 7523 

Wyoming 6S 55 ' 

Utah 3690 

Montana >99 35 

Arkansas 5250 

Arizona 2350 

North Carolina 3000 

South Carolina 45 14 

Kentucky 15 00 

Tennessee 47<x> 

Louisiana 1370 

Georgia 1 oo 

Florida aooo 

Alabama 35 67 

Mississippi 500 

Texas 1000 

British Columbia 13a 35 

Indian Territory 32917 

Oklahoma iSi 46 

New Mexico 47 00 

Canada iqo 

Nova Scotia 10 00 

Denmark 503 65 

...w $540 00 

ao 00 

64 ag 

6^«S 93 

90s ^ 


>f»4S 4S 

i,S6S 09 



•us 3,ao9 93 


It designated 

bis 30,00000 

$^58,398 95 

by Missionaries on the 


during the year ending 
tember 30, 1S96. 


, per acct. 
A. Baldwin, 

333 S o 

acct. Miss 

nn S74 6 3 

>cr acct. Re\'. 
shine, D.D., 

e, Rs 9,831 8 6 

er acct. Rev. 
ilW, for Dal- 

. Sch 765140 

>er acct. Rev. 
:lly, for Lam- 

K>1 963 14 8 

er acct. Rev. 
OSS, grant in 

960 10 o 

»er acct. Mr. 
ton stall, grant 

1^16 13 o 

[>er acct. Miss 
ord, grant in 

838 14 o 

per acct. MiRS 

00, grant in 

i,S6S6 o 

per acct. Miss 
lesultgrants, 400 a o 
per acct. Rev. 

•ris , for school 

3»ooo 00 o 

acct. Rev. H. 

641 in 9 

acct. Rev. H. 

SS65 o 

)er acct. Rev. 

re S60 3 o 

ler acct. Rev. 

ce 1,137 I o 

er acct. Rev. 

d 783 o o 

er acct. Rev. 

43S9 o 

:r acct. Miss 

chirch 3,134 n 6 

er acct. Rev. 
let, grants in 
Si7 10 6 


per acct. Mrs. 
'veil, g^nt in 

1, Rs 140 ex; o 

acct. Rev. £. 

s, for schools, 3,150 00 o 


Inopur, per acct. Rev. F. 
P. Haggard, grant in 
aid $780 00 o 


Xellore, per aect. Rev. D. 

Downie, D.D., lor 

schools Rs I1O71 140 

Nellore, per acct. Miss 

K. Darmstadt, grant in 

aid Girls' School 300 00 o 

Nellore, per acct. Miss 

K. Darrasta dt, grant in 

aid Normal School.... 195 00 o 
Nellore, per acct. Miss 

K. Darmstadt, grant in 

aid Boys* School 474 6 o 

Oneole, per acct. Rev. A. 

H. Curtis, grants in 

aid, and fees 3070 9 

Ongole, per acrt. Miss 

A. E. Dessa, granls in 

aid 434 S 3 

Ongole, per acct Mrs.E. 

M. Keily,g rants in aid, 331 10 o 
Ongole, per acct. Miss 

Sarah Kelly, grants in 

aid 837 14 3 

Ongole, per acct. RevJ. 

E. Clough, D.D., 

grants in aid 1664 o 

Ramapatam, per aect. 

Rev. J. Heinrichs, 

^ants in aid 316 10 o 

Vinukonda, per acct. 

Rev. J. Heinrichs, 

grants in aid 534 4 ^ 

Udayatjiri, per acct. Rev. 

VV. R. Manlcy 130 11 o 

Cumbum, per acct. Rev. 

J. Newcomb 6756 o 

Nursaravapetta, per acct. 

Rev. Wm. Powell, 

grant in aid 23S 100 


Per accounts for the year ending 
September 30, 1.S96. 


Rangoon, Rev. J. N. 

Gushing, D.D., board 

and school fees, Rs... io,333 15 3 
Rangoon, Rev. E. W. 

Kelly, Lnuimadaw 

school fees '1994 i4 o 

Rangoon, Rev. E. W. 

Kelly. Dalhousie St. 

School fees it9i5 i^ *J 

Moulinein, Miss A. L. 

Ford, school fees and 

sundries 3i543 i o 

Moulmein, Mims M.Shel- 
don, board idg and day 

fees 1,601 100 

Insein, Rev. D. A. VV. 

Smith, D.D., admis- 
sion fees 149000 

Zi^on,Miss Z.A. Bunn, 

school fees 1 ,650 3 o 

Thayetm^o, Rev. B. A. 

Baldwin, school fees.. 33 8 o 
Myin^yan, Rev. J. E. 

Case, school fees 193000 

Bhaino, W'. C. Grig^gs, 

M D., school fees 43 00 o 

Bhaino, \V. C. Griggs, 

nieiiical fees ^79 •* " 

Mone. A. H. Henderson, 

M.D , medical fees ... 315 15 o 
Tavoy, Rev. H.W. Hale, 

school fees 40J S o 

MandaUy. Ucv. y. Mc- 

Guire^'sclu ol fees.... 3,354 13 3 


Pegu, Miss E. H. Payne, 

school fees $ao6 io> o 

Hcnsada. Rev. W. I. 

Price, school fees and 

fines 3536 9 

Uenzada, Rev. N. D. 

Reid, school fees and 

nnes >••••. •....•••*.• 783 ^^ ^ 
Meiktila, Rev. J. Packer, 

school fees 345 8 o 

Bassein, Miss Is. E. 

Tschirch, school fees, a6 100 
Bassein. Rev. £. Tribo- 

let, school fees i ,399 5 o 

Thibaw, Rev. W. M. 

Young, medical fees.. 60 13 o 


Nellore, Miss K. Darm- 
stadt, girls* school fees, 334 II 10 
Nellore, Miss K. Darm- 

stadt. Normal School 

fees I03 o 1 1 

Nellore, Miss K. Darm- 
stadt, boys' 8 c h o o 

fees 369 5 6 

Ongole, Miss A. E. 

Dessa, school fees... 301 4 o 
Ongole, Mrs. £. M. 

Kelly, tuition fees .... 15 13 o 
Palmur, Rev. W. E. 

Hopkins, school fees.. 45 13 6 
Palmur, Rev. W. E. 

Hopkins, dispensary 

fees 3^ 1 3 4 

Ramapatam, Rev. J . 

Heinrichs, fees from 

pupils 550000 

Ramapatam, Rev. J. 

Heinrichs, board of 

students 116 14 a 

Madras, Miss S.I. Kurtz, 

grants and fees 166 8 8 

Vinukonda, Rev. F . 

Kurtz, school fees.... 51 90 
Nursarapetta, Rev. W. 

Powell, boarding sch. 

fees 73 o o 

Kurnool, Rev. W. A, 

Stanton, grants and 

fees 168 6 o 


Ningpo, S. P. Barchet, 

M.D., dispensary fees 

(Mex.) 6393 

Ningpo, Rev. J. R. God- 

dard, bovs' school fee.s, 135 00 

Ningpo, Miss H.L. Cor- 

bin, tuition fees 84 00 

Swatow, Miss J. M. 

Bixby, medical fees... 51 08 

Swatow, Mrs. A. K. 

Scott, M.D., medical 

fees 77 50 

Swatow, Rev. Wm. Ash- 
more, jr., fees of boys* 

and girls' school 31971 


Osaka, Rev. J. H. Scott, 
fees from students in 
Boys* school < ^5 40 

Chofu, Miss O.M. Blunt, 
boarding ,and tuition 
fees • 1 36 79 

Tokyo, Prof. E.W. Clem- 
ent, board, tuition, etc., 
boys* school 5>o 13 

Tokyo, Miss M. A. Whit- 
man, tuition fees (Mex.).. 44 56 

Tokyo, Miss A. II. Kidder, 

board and tuition fees .... 407 33 

Hemeji. Miss D D. Barlow, 
boarding and school fees.. 6^0 61 



Yokohama, Miss C. A. Con- 
verse, board an tuition fci:s,$S36 75 

Scndai, Miss L. Mead, hoard 

and tuition fees 61 50 


MAINE, $^.15. 

Rowdoinhain, 3d ch $3 15 


Mansfield, 1st Y. P. S.C. E., 15 00 

Brockton, North S. S 5 20 

Brockton, Wat^rcn Ave. ch.. 4 40 

Saicin, 1st ch 3500 

Dorchester, Temple ch 7 17 

Dorchester, Temple ch. Y. P. 

o* y^ • jc« • ••••••■••••••••••• c 00 

Jamaica, Plain ch 39 aS 

Haverhill, ist B. Y. P. U... 15 00 
Haverhill, Miss S. M. Cur. 

rier 5 ro 

Boston, Clarendon St. ch. .. SS 16 
Boston, Clarendon St. ch., 

Myr.i B ilarris 2500 

Boston, Clarendon St. ch. Y. 

P. S.C. E 101 64 

Melrose Hij^hlands ch i 70 

Colerain, Christian Hill ch.. 1 uo 
Worcester, a friend of mis- 
sions I U) 

Watertown, i8t Y.P.S.C.E., 1200 


Point Judith,!. R.Champlin, i 76 
Providence, Mount Pleasant 

ch 6 ro 

Wick ford, a friend for the 
Gordon Mem'l Fund and 
toward the debt of the 
Union $40 00 

NEW YORK, $8.35. 

Seneca Falls, 1st ch 495 

West Portland ch a 40 

Port Dickinson, per Mrs. S. 

M. Baird 1 (.0 

NEW JERSEY, $27.43. 

Patersou, Sixth Ave. ch 10 65 

Hamburg;, A. S. Bastian.... i 00 
Bridgeton, ist ch 15 7$ 

OHIO, $14.13. 

Fairview ch 3 05 

Ohio ch I 30 

South Point ch 3 16 

Washington T'p B. Y. P. U., 1 00 

Union en 3 35 

1 ronton, I St ch 437 

INDIANA, $3.71. 
Benton Harbor ch 3 71 

ILLINOIS, $41.16. 

Oreana ch. and S. S 3 35 

Chicajjo, Wood lawn Park 

ch.. Ladies' Mission Circle, 500 

Joliet, E. Ave. ch. .nd S. S., 14 51 

Yorkvillc ch ^S> il^ 

IOWA, $6.55. 
West Mitchell ch 3 00 

DelU, John Chrisman $1 00 

Wellmam, V. Kites 253 

MICHIGAN, $3.10. 
l^incy ch J 16 

WISCONSIN, $21.22. 

I^ Crosse, I St ch son 

Manston ch 1 2J 

MISSOURI, $8.13. 

Albanych 31a 

Springfield, ist S. S 500 

KANSAS, $5.74. 

Long Island ch 44 

AtcmsoD, ** A band of mis- 
sion workers." I OS 

Concordia Swedish ch 36$ 

^enemo, Mary DickAon... 60 

COLORADO, $8.65. 
Denver, 1st Sw. ch... S65 

Vallrjo S. S. and B.Y.P.U. i iS 

OREGON, $6.14. 
Carleton ch 014 

MONTANA, $1.05. 
Pagevillech 105 

Total receipts $5^ Sa 


MAINE, $105.82. 

Lisbon Fulls, J rs $5 5() 

Greene ch 410 

Baring ch., Mrs. J. V . Get- 

chelT 306 

Hebron ch. 22 50 

North Haven ch 6 00 

Charleston, Rev. Wni. H. 

Clark, for sup. n, pr., S:iu- 

Ka-Moo, care Dr. Bunker, 25 00 

Waterboro. 1st cli 5 00 

Bangor, 2(1 ch.. B. Y. P. U. 

for sup. foreign missionary 15 no 

West Machia sport ch. ...... 53 

Roque Bluffs ch 47 

Damariscotta ch 10 no 

Monson ch 9 76 


New Ipswich ch 5 00 

West Swanzcy ch 6 75 

West Swanzey C. E 2 no 

West Swanzcy S. S 3 (V) 

Concord, Pleasant St. ch., 

additional iS (o 

Londonderry ch 20 

Warner S. S., •* Easter Of- 

ferinjc" 2 S2 

Antrim ch., fri>m the ladies, 11 73 

Cornish Flat ch . . 2 i/i 

VERMONT, %},^.}f^. 

Bmndon ch u) 50 

Essex, W. E. Huntley, for 
suflerers by famine, care 

Rev. W. A. Stantnn 12 no 

Perkinsville ch. Y. P. S. . .. t/.t 

West Bnlton ch 7 50 

Burlington, 1st Baptist ch... 7 46 


Boston, 'I'remont Temple, 
Mrs. Julia F.Richardson, 

for the debt $200 

West (iardner ch. for gen- 
eral fund, $30, for debt, $1, 

for Japan, $^ 3600 

Ruynham S. S 2915 

Winchendon ch '9 55 

Hudson, F. W. Ruggles, 
for sup. Sau Wa Sec, care 

Dr. Bunker 3500 

Dorchester, ist ch 1000 

Charlestown, 1st ch 35 <H 

Pittsfield, istch 77 50 

Melrose, ist ch. B.Y.P.U. . 1 58 
Chelsea, Carv Ave. Y. P. S. 

C. E ' 350 

Rochdale, Greenville ch. ... 2 50 
West Springfield, istch. ... 450 
Dorchester, a friend tow. sup. 
n. pr. Sungiah, care Dr. 

Dow nie 30 00 

Wcnham ch 25 00 

Hvde Park, Mrs. Cannon, for 

India famine relief. 10 00 

W. Somerville ch., of which 
$25 is from W. L. Teele, 
tow. sup. Augustine, care 

Rev. I. S. Ha'nkins 5^ ^>7 

Cambridy^e, istch 250 co 

Melrose, 1st ch 21 15 

Stoneham, ist ch 6 So 

Lowell, Wortheu St. ch 24 ^2 

Manlewood ch 18 00 

Holliston ch 10 00 

Waltham, 1st ch., Mi-sion- 
ary Committee of B. Y. P. 
U., for n. pr. Sarlock, care 

Rev. P. E. Moore, Non- 

gong, Assam ••• %^^ 

worcesterj Lincoln §q. Y.P. 

Miss. Sec., for Burma 

Theo. Seminary, care Rev. 

D. A. W. Smith 1400 

West Quincy B. Y. P. U. 

for V . Immanuel, care 

Rev. Wm. Powell, India. . 15 « 

West Quincy ch ., K. D 10 00 

Palmer, 3d ch 100 

Everett, 1st ch., additional.. 5 00 
Somerville, Perkins St. ch. 

onCrossSt JS" 

North Sunderland 3<" 

Maiden, 1st ch. Y.F.S.C.E. 

for sup. Rev. J. £. Com. 

inings 2500 


Oak Lawn ch iS<^ 

Central Falls. Broad St. ch., n 44 
Pawtucket, Oliver Ayer .... i « 

Woonsocket ch 17 i3 

Warren, Jr. C. E., for the 

debt 5"" 

Lonsdale, K. D., for the debt 3'''^ 
Providence, Mt.Pleasantch., 

additional 75 

Newport, Central ch. Y. P. 

S. C. E. for Dzin tsing* 

fong, Ningpo \i^ 

Providence, Roger Williams 

Baptist ch..... .n 74 


Bridgeport ch I35 9S 

New Britain ch 4405 



rd, 1st ch. Y. P. S. 
or sup. Monng Dway 

'ounfoo $35 00 

rleiglitB B. Y. P. U. 
iary Frank S.Clark, 

" 47 

ven, Hope ch 63 56 

leB. Y.P. U 300 

aven, Howard Ave. 

dY. P. S. C. E 1600 

ondon, Huntington 

. P. s>. O. XL. .•..•.. 13 Sj 

ort, I St Baptist ch.. . 36 25 

Baptistch 75 00 

Hill, ad Waterford 
it ch. for famine suf- 

, India 1000 

1. Suffield St. Y. P. 

E 5 00 

:W YORK. $4,844.57. 
»Irs. Louisa P. Cha- 
I memory of William 

niltnn 860 00 

er, J. B. Moseley,for 

h, n. Karen pr., care 

r. W. H. Rooerts . . . 100 00 

rk. Riverside ch. ... 132 60 

>rk. Ascension ch. 


rk. Calvary ch 4CX) 46 

n, Washington Ave. 
f which $3 is from 

S3 00 

ch., Mr. M. B. 

5 100 00 

:h 3361 

sirn, ist Swedish ch.. 5 10 

n. Central ch 2500 

i, David Hale 1500 

rk. Memorial ch. ... 95 qS 

rk. Calvary ch 333 00 

ork, Hope ch., of 

^iSfromS. S 8477 

rk, i6th ch., Kincard 

Soc. of the S. S. . . . 35 00 

Miss S. £. Kelly... ao 00 
sville, Y. P. S. C. E. 
ducation of Aung 


I Springs, ist ch. 


n, Ira D. Hall 50 

[ills ch 6 S6 

»rk, Alexander Ave. 

for sup. Ko Shwee 


a, Bedford Heights 

10 15 

II ch. Y.P. S. C. E.. s 00 
o, Albany Ave. ch., 
mine sunercrs, care 

V. A. Stanton 5 00 

Etelaware Ave. ch. . 60 05 

k, 1st ch 39 50 

fork. Central ch., 

Pyle aoo 00 

/'ernon, a friend .... 16 00 
llcch.Y.P. S. C. E. 

S 13 00 

1st ch I 25 

•rk, ist ch 904 09 

(S.S.,*' Penny Offer- 
or Mar 3 25 

>rdton ch., for famine 

n India 11 60 

ille, ist ch 18 87 

, Rev. 1. F. Feitner, 
nine relief, care Rev. 
A. Stanton. Ind. i 00 

Y. P. S. C. E I 00 

>rk. Central S. S., to 
tow. sup. Po Tan 
care of Rev. W. K. 
bl>en 1650 

Fay ch $3500 

Brooklyn, Greene Ave. ch., 
•* Royal Workers League," 
for n. pr., N. Chendiah, 

care Rev. A. Friesen 37 00 

Troy, Sixth Ave. ch ao 00 

Watertown ch. additional... 3 45 

New York, Calvary ch., of 

which $63.03 is from S. S. 

for famine relief, care of 

Rev. W. A. Stanton, India 176 03 

New York, Tivoli ch., Y. P. 

B.U I 00 

GreigsvUle, Senator Blakes< 

lee 300 00 

Ontario ch S 00 

New York, Twenty third St. 

New York, Madison Ave. 

ch aoo 00 

Ilion ch., for famine relief, 
care^ Rev. G. H. Brock, 

Kanigiri, Ind 11 00 

Dover, 2d ch 100 

Brooklyn, 3d ch 850 

Pcekskill, 1st ch 54^7 

Cuba Y. P. S. C. E 1000 

Lyme S. S 374 

Blnghamton Calvary Y. P. 

d* V^« X2*« ••••••••••• •••••• Q 00 

Addison ch 13 00 

Earlville ch 1300 

Norwich, F. D. Pane 1 00 

Norwich, E. F. Musson .... 3 00 

South New Berlin ch 1100 

Plymouth, Rev. J. A. Black, 50 

Groton Y. P. S. C. E 3 40 

Cortland, ist, additional .... 5 70 

Cortland, Memorial ch S 00 

Sand Hill and Wells Bridge 

ch S 00 

Sand Hill and Wells Bridge 

ch. Y. P. S. C. E 300 

Mt. Upton ch 5 35 

Elba ch 16 00 

Albany, Tabernacle S. S. . . . 6 53 
Lima ^. S., for famine relief, 
care Rev. G. H. Brock, 

Kaniu^iri, India 1200 

Brookfield, 2d ch.. Y. P. S. 
C. E., tow. sup., Chee Ka, 
care Dr. J. W. CarJin, Ung 

Kung, Cnina i 4S 

Hamilton, ist Y. P. S. C. E., 
tow. sup. Chee Ka, care 
Dr. J. W. Carlin, Ung 

Kung, China 6 15 

Madison ch., additional 50 

Cazenovia, 1st ch., S. S 4 00 

Hilton, ist, additional 50 

Webster ch. 9 00 

Walesvillc ch 400 

Utica Calvary 3050 

Utica Immanuel 470 

Elbridge ch., additional 3 00 

Duanesburg and Florida ch., 13 40 

Watkins ch., additional 3 50 

Romulus S. S 375 

Ithaca, ist ch., additional. ... i 50 

Ithiica Tabernacle ch i 25 

First Nassau S. S i 70 

Galway ch. . . 17 45 

South Glens Falls S. S 3 00 

Malone ch 34 00 

Fort Edward, ist Y. P. S. 

C. E 350 

Newark ch., additional 5 00 

Lake Kcnka ch 3620 

Italy Hill ch 400 

NEW JERSEY, $1,056.86. 

Palerson, 6th ch 500 

Paterson, 4th ch 21 3S 

Bloomfield ch 220 19 

Scotch Plains ch. Y. P. S. 

C.E $500 

Westiield ch 931 

Newark, Mt. Pleasant ch.... 21 53 
Jersey City- Trinity ch., of 

which $5 IS from S. S n 25 

Arlington Swedish rh 11 30 

Brunswick, Liv. Ave. ch.. 
Youth's Foreign Mission- 
ary Society . .. 7791 

Scotch Plains ch 54 n 

Newark, 5th ch 1600 

Paterson, ist ch., Supt. of 

Chinese School 3500 

Paterson, ist ch. S. S 600 

Newark, Fairmont ch '3 49 

New Market, ist Bapt. ch., 
of which $c is for Y. P. S. 
C. E. and $6 from Mr. C. F. 
Dayton and sister, for 
famine relief, care Rev. W. 

A. Stanton, India 11 00 

Paterson, 4th ch., Jr. Y. P. 

i9* V^* ■£•■ ••••••»••••••••••■ \ 00 

Orange, Washington St. ch., 5 00 

Hackensack, 1st ch ^5 54 

Orange, Washington St. ch., 5 00 
Passaic, De Wftt C. Cow- 

drey 5 00 

Scotch Plains, Bapt. ch 31 00 

Plain field, ist ch.. Temple 
Builders, sup. of teacner 
and repairs of the chapel 
at Tetter, care Rev. J. Hen. 
rich, Ramapatam, India .. 100 oo 

Rosedale ch 772 

Camden, ist Y. P. S.C. E... 10 91 

Wynn Mem. Miss 350 

Laurel Springs ch 873 

Camden, ^dcn 10 00 

Lambertville Y. P. S. C. E., 8 35 

Soinerville, ist ch 34 74 

Trenton, Central ch 4000 

Trenton, Olivet ch.... aoo 

Atlantic Highlands, 1st ch., a6 03 
Holmdel ^\ Busy Bees '• for 

Home mission children... 10 00 
Holmdel "Busy Bees" for 
Children's Hospital, Nel-. 

lore, India S 00 

Hightstown ch no 60 

Allentown ch ^43 

Trenton, ist ch. Y. P. S.C. 
E. for student, Ramapat* 

am, Theo. Sem 25 00 

Cape May, Jr. Y. P. S. C. 
E. for starving poor, care 
Rev. Dr. Boggs, India.... 3 00 
North Woodbury ch 37 94 

PENNSYLVANIA, $1,451.96. 

Scranton, ist Welsh ch aoo 00 

Pittsburg, Fourth Ave. Y. 

P. S. C. E., bal. due low. 

sup. n. pr. in China 2300 

Williamsport, ist German 

ch. B. Y. P. U 5 33 

Philadelphia •< Lettish Bapt. 

Soc. of Sisters for Heathen 

Missions" to apply^n sup. 

native teacher, K. Chen- 

churamiah, care of Prof. 

L. E. Martin 10000 

Philadelphia, Miss May 

Field McKean, special.... a 00 
Montgomery ch., special 

self-denial 6 63 

Second ch., friends, 

care Dr. Downie and Rev. 

W. H. Cossum 1000 

Eleventh ch., tow. sup. Rev. 

W. F. Armstrong 27 70 

Eleventh ch. Y. P. S. C. E., 

for same 1500 


First ch., additional $113 00 

Upland ch., in part 6916 

New Tabernacle ch., add'I.. 106 10 

Mrs. S. £. Acker's annuity. %) 00 
Passyunk ch.» " Helping 

Hands*' 400 

Tenth ch., Yokebearers Y. 
M. B., in in'l Henry Wis- 

ler 5000 

Chestnut Hill ch., add'l 10 

1 ^high Ave. Y. P. S. C. E., ao 00 
Oethsemane ch., K. D., n. 

Kr., care Rev. L. W. Cronk- 

ite 15 no 

Spring Garden ch 3^03 

Factory ville ch 6400 

Dalton ch 5 go 

South New Milford ch i 00 

Olen Run ch 651 

KennettSq. Y. P. S. C.E... 1756 

Altoona, ist ch. S. S 90a 

Altoona, 1st ch., Jr. Y. P. 

S. C. E 2 00 

Salem ch. B. Y. P. U 3 00 

Oethsemane cli 571 

Richardsville ch 4 49 

Brandvwine ch 500 

Mt. Pleasant ch 34 15 

Mt. Pleasant S. S 5^44 

I^alsock Union Y. P. S. 

C. E 4 00 

Picture Rocks S. S j 94 

Bradford ch., additional .... 18 00 
Pittsburgh, Fourth Ave. ch., 

for two months, ending 

March 31 166 S3 

Alleghany, Sandusky St. ch., 92 78 
Oakland ch. B. Y. P. U., 

special 37 33 

Alleghany. Nixon St., special a~32 

Homesteaa ch 45 19 

Freeport ch. for famine fund, 

care Dr. Boggs 3 50 

Banksville S. S 212 

Jonestown ch. i S3 

St. Clutr ch 1000 

Slatington ch 5 00 

Wyoming ch 4 25 

Eaton ch 1360 

Lindsey, Welsh ch 13 20 

Plymouth, Welsh ch 12 00 

Camptown Union Y. P. S. 

C. E S 00 

Third G'l'n ch. B. Y. P. U.. 

n. pr., care of Rev. P. Fred- 

erickson 13 00 

Ardmore ch 1400 

Landsdale ch 11 56 

Mt. Vernon ch. M. Y. K.... 5 00 

DELAWARE, $14.40. 

Wilmington, Del. Ave. S.S., 14 40 


Afaryland Ave. ch., add'l... 5 00, 


Baltimore, Philip S. Evans, 

Jr., for medical work,... 10 00 


Huntington ch 350 

Fairmont ch ^06 

Charleston, ist ch 2692 

OHIO, $1,135.21. 

Fredericktown ($5 from John 

Cosner) 5 25 

Savannah, Rev. S. O. Chris- 
tian, bal. inc. in real es- 
tate I 14 

Cheviot ch 15 4^ 

Fredericktown ch i 4^ 


Dayton, Williams St. ch. ... $21 50 
Akron, ist ch. S.S., of which 

$2C is tow. salary H. S. 

Kfaipo, care Dr. Bunker, 

and %*if. tow. reduction of 

debt oT Rs, $500 on the 

Bghai Karen Theol. Semi. 

nary, care Dr. Bunker 10000 

Mill Creek ch 985 

Berlin ch 5 40 

Madison, Mrs. Chas. Bates, a 00 

Perry ch 2 75 

Cleveland. East End Y. P. 

S. C. £. (tow. sap. Sau 

Ka Dah, care Dr. Bunker), 12 35 
Cleveland, Euclid ave.. Dr. 

A. P. Buell 500 

Dayton, istch 682 81 

Dayton, Sidney ch 175 

Attica ch 8^0 

Auburn Centre ch 155 

aVccq cn ••••••*•••••••••••••■ 3 g\ 

Reed Y. p. S. C. E 175 

Avon ch 400 

Litchfield ch a 00 

Unity ch 350 

Middletown, ist ch. S. S., 

tow. sup. n. pr., care Rev. 

C. L. Davenport 50 82 

Edison ch 2 40 

Mount Gilead ch 2500 

Ironton, ist ch 3^55 

Canton, i st ch ^70^ 

Canton S. S 645 

Canton, J r. C. E 3 4^ 

Canton, Misses L. and F. 

Kauffman 1500 

Pioneer ch 3 93 

Zanesville, ist ch. B. Y. 

P.U 3 76 

INDIANA. $174.96. 

Sevmour, 1st ch., Mrs. M.C. 

Carpenter 50 00 

Evansville, ist ch. S. S 4 00 

Ladoga ch 2 00 

Jefferson ch 1 45 

Elizaville ch 7 45 

Kokomo ch 600 

Middle Fork of Sugar creek, 6 70 

Scirclevillc ch 2 87 

Marion, ist ch 560 

Wolcott ch 12 CO 

Pleasant Lake ch 860 

La Favctte ch S* 59 

West La Fayette ch 10 00 

Greencastle ch 5 20 

ILLINOIS, $750.70. 

Chicago, Mrs. M. E. Ran- 
ney, tow. sup. n. Karen 
pr. care Dr. E. B. Cross, 

Toungoo, Burma 1000 

Chicago, Bohemian ch. 
young men's Bible class, 

tow. debt. .... I 54 

Joliet, ist Baptist ch. for 
famine fund, care Rev. W. 

E.Hopkins 800 

Bunker Hill Y. P 1 85 

Aurora, ist ch 6233 

Morris ch 2100 

Sandwich ch ; 60 

Sandwich Y. P 250 

Danville ch 16 10 

Chicago, Centennial ch. S. S. 25 00 

Chicago, Covenant ch 2 00 

Chicago, 1st ch 7675 

Chicago, Galilee ch., Miss 

S.T. Durfee 50 

Chicago, Immanuel ch 61 04 

Chicago, Memorial ch 25 00 

Chicago, Millard Ave. ch. .. 7 00 

Chicago, Englewood Y. P.. 3 8S 

Chicago, Evergreen Park ch. $3 q; 
Polo Y. P. low. sup. B. 
Reader, care Rev. J. M. 

Foster, China 600 

Paxton Y. P w 

Blue Point Y. P i 8i 

Mattoon Y. P 300 

Du ^oin ch 3204 

Mendota ch 9060 

Ottawa ch. 11700 

Hutsonville ch 441 

Chillicothe, Rev. C. W. Saf- 
ford, sup. pr., care Rev. J. 

M. Foster, China 500 

Kewanee ch 5593 

Paysonch 250 

Payson S. S 500 

Alpha, Miss Susie Howell.. < 00 

Carthage ch 2600 

Plymouth, Rev. J. T. Mal- 
colm 400 

Mt. Vernon ch 23s 

Mt. Vernon S. S 190 

Long Branch ch 200 

Oreana Y. P 2500 

Stonington ch 550 

Cereal Springs ch 135 

New Hope 115 

Chicago, ist ch 1000 

Chicago, ist ch., for famine 

relief 1250 

IOWA, $188.78. 

Iowa City, 1st ch., $3 for 
famine relief, care Rev. 

W. A. SUnton 800 

I^gan, ist ch. B. Y. P. U., 5 » • 
Lo^an, Mrs. Kate £. Mas> 
sie, for mission -work of 
Rev. W. F. Gray, Han. 

yang, China 500 

Poorest City, Swedish ch., 

famine fund 166$ 

Stratford 200 

Meriden 300 

Lucas 700 

Council Bluffs 300 

Cheerfield S. S 140 

Emerson 2S4 

Glenwood 10000 

Percival 53; 

Stuart ch 7 2S 

Stuart S. S 97 

Delta . .^ 4 00 

Woodbine 4^0 

Mt. Union 179 

Davenport, Calvary ch 1 1 00 

MICHIGAN, $364.46. 

Rome, 2d ch 500 

Detroit, North ch H 93 

FlintS.S 54a 

Fenlon ch Jo oo 

Mt. Morris ch 1700 

Coldwater ch 73 71 

Kinderhook 930 

Wakeshma ch 100 

Flat Rock ch i 14 

Flat Rock S.S 119 

FlatRockW. C 182 

Saginaw, E. S., ist ch 675 

Baldwin's Prairie ch 5 40 

Ann Arbor, 1st ch. andS.S., 119 90 
Ann Arbor, ist ch. B. Y. P. 

U., Kellv Mem. Fund .... 50 00 

Fowlerville a 00 

Plymouth • 1000 

MINNESOTA, $300.05. 

Brownsdale, Mrs. O. R. 
York, for famine relief, 

care Rev. W. E. Hopkins, i 50 

St. Paul, ist ch 550 

Minneapolis, Olivet ch 500 



* $5 25 

» 75 

g« 4 20 

»cU, O. F. Wood- 


I, I St Swedish ch., 

Ida England a 00 

Ly ch 1 75 


Mrs. Holfli 5 00 

igo Valley, C. John- 


ity Y. P. S., forCa. 
ire Rev. John Duss* 

iTinukonaa, India . . 35 00 

, No. ch. B.Y.P.U. I 60 

Grove, J. Otteson. . . jog 00 
SpovCj Jacob Andcr- 

»r famine fund 8 00 

:h a 50 

ISCONSIN, $96.54. 

try ch 600 

:h. I Si 

se, istch aa 20 

cee, South ch 54 5^ 

lee, Tabernacle ch.. i 00 

:osa ch a 50 

•"alls, Rev. E. D. 

k a 00 

tonch I 51 

tc Y.P 5 00 

ilSSOURI, $403.64. 

::ity, Swede Y. P. S., 
up. n. pr., care of 
>.H. Drake, Madras, 

15 00 

r Home and Foreign 

ins aoa oS 

f H.&F. Miss., of 
o is from B. Y. P. U. 
. for n. pr., Tong 
1, care Rev. J. R. 

jrid, Ningpo 161 56 

ch. for "Cheda," * 
Lev. E. G. Phillips, 

Assam 25 00 

KANSAS, $150.94. 

ist ch. Y. P. S. C. 
V. sal. n. pr. Dzing. 

.. aS So 

I, ist ch.. I cx> 

tonch 1 20 

>n 44 

S. S 1 00 

g:ton ...- la 13 

'....... a 00 


ch 4 35 

S.S I 25 

1 6s 

S.S 70 

^n, C. F. Keller... 5 00 

3 ^ 

i.,ofwh. $3 is from 


a ch 36 So 

-ance S S 40 

aa 6 00 


ch., 5S cents fn>m S. 

cents from Y. P. S.. 2 00 

3 00 

le 350 

15 50 

ty S. S I 92 

•, D. P. Crandall.... 100 

EBRASKA, $77 •95- 

h 4 »S 

Indies* Aid Society . 2 00 

Hastings, ist ch. B. Y. P. 

U $2500 

Humboldt ch 775 

Humboldt Y. P. S 350 

HumboldtW.C 350 

Omaha, ist S. S. for famine 

relief, India 33 05 

Mead Worn. Soc 000 

Valley, Second, Wom. Soc.. 5 00 

COLORADO, $40.83. 

Colorado Springs, ist ch. ... 3 50 
Colorado Springs, Mrs. J. S. 

Scribner, des. to Africa... ao 00 

Golden 1333 

Denver, Central 400 

CALIFORNIA, $155.03. 

San Jose, Mr. Geo. A. Davis, 
for famine relief, care Rev. 

W.A.Stanton 3500 

San Francisco, ist S. S 5 86 

San Francisco, Emanuel, 

Juniors i 25 

Ontario ch 1700 

Ontario B. Y. P. U., sup. 

W. Wynd 400 

Los Angeles, 1st S. S 1000 

Los Angeles, ist, Hugh R. 
Porter, extra a cent a day. 

for work in Africa 3 65 

Pomona Y. P. S. C. £., sup. Kondiah, care Rev. 
I. S. Hankins, Atmakur.. 12 50 

Valigo ch 2500 

Vacaville ch. ... 3 75 

Waterford ch 2 20 

Orange ch 25 27 

Riverside, Rev. W. H. Ran- 
dall 2 00 

Santa Barbara B. Y. P. U., 
sup. Rev. W. Wynd, 

Japan a 00 

IVfountain View, Juniors.... i 00 

Fresno, ist ch 100 

Kanford S. S 355 

B. B. Jaques and wife. 
Chapel Car Emmanuel, 
sup. n. pr. Ko Khaing, 
care Rev. J. E. Cum- 
mings, Ilenzada 10 oi) 

OREGON, $105. 

Spring Valley ch 350 

Baker City en ^5 50 

Baker City B. Y. P. U 600 

Baker City, Juniors 500 

Portland, Swede, Y. P. S., 
sup. n. pr. Sau Kaw Ker, 

care Dr. Blinker 1000 

Oregon City ch 57 00 

Portland. 3d ch. S. S 50 

Rev. T. S. Dulin and wife .. 7 50 

Med ford ch 100 

NORTH DAKOTA, $111.54. 
Grand Forks ch iii 54 

SOUTH DAKOTA, $46.30. 

Aberdeen i 35 

Dell Rapids 2 00 

Big Springs 3^0 

Conde 27 85 

Sioux Falls B. Y. P. U 7 50 

Sioux Falls Miss. Soc 350 

Sioux Falls, No. Star. 50 

WASHINGTON, $60.60. 

Aberdeen ch 360 

Aberdeen B. Y. P. U 250 

Seattle, Tabernacle Baptist 
ch., for relief, India, care 
Rev. W. A. Stanton 22 50 

Sumas ch $1 00 

Renton, Wm. Power a 00 

Shelton ch. 4.1a 

SheltoQ B. Y. P. U 4^0 

SheltonS.S 348 

Tacoma Sound ch 700 

Tacoma Sound Y. P. S 5 00 

Tatoroa Sound J. &J. Fred- 

land 5 00 

NEVADA, $ao. 
Wadsworth ch 2000 

Pine Bluff, N. P. Roslyn. . . . 1 00 

MONTANA, $6.50. 
Pageville 6 50 

ARIZONA, $29.50. 

Phoenix, i st ch 20 00 

Phoenix, ist ch. S. S 500 

Phoenix, ist ch. B. Y. P. U., 4 50 

FLORIDA, $10. 

Lemon City, Rev. and Mrs. 

W. E. Stanton 10 on 

ALABAMA, $4.54. 

Montgomery ,W. C. Bledsoe, 
D.D., for famine fund .... 4 54 

Atoka 1300 

OKLAHOMA, $9.22. 

Kingfisher, Mary P. Ja^ne, 
towards salary Rev. I- . P. 
Haggard 200 

Round Grove 722 

NORWAY, $22. 

Bcreen, fr. friends, by Rev. 
Af. A. Ohren 2200 

BURMA, $32.31. 

Alnndalay, Eng. Baptist ch., 14 vo 
Mandalay, Burman Baptist 
ch iS 31 

RUSSIA, $203.10. 

Mennonite b ret hre n, for 
work at Nalgonda, care of 
Rev. A. Friesen, by liein- 
rich Schutt, Hamburg.... 203 10 


Gen. Miss. Soc. of German 
Baptist churches of North 
America, for the Kameroon 
Mission, care Rev. Edward 
Scheve, Berlin, Germany, 
by Mr. J. A. Schulte.Treas. 500 00 

Total $>3.934 47 


Amesbury, Mass., 

Sarah B.Collins, $100 ou 

Boston, Mass., 
William II. 
Learned 500 00 

Natick, Mass., Su- 
san Bobbins.... 150 00 

Petroleum, W.Va., 
Sarah Carder. . . 140 tx) 

Bright on, 111., 
MurvDimond.. 6,500 00 

7,390 00 

$a».3i4 47 



The Meetlnu ok Ai'Ril li, 1S97. Thirteen Members Present. 

rllE Treasurer prtsenleil a full financial statement for the ^vear ending Api 
i>howtng tlie [otal receipts to be $4qi.97i.89: total expenditures on the cunt 
to be $580,855.58. The debt of last vear was $163,817.63, which, adding the dcfictencv 
S the present j'ear, makes the total debt on April tst, $291,711.33. 
Permission was given for the returi ' " —■■■■'-■ 
baptist Theological Seminary at Insein. 
The report of the Commiiiee 

of Rev. D. A. W. Smith, D.D.. President of the 
urma, to America on furlough next year. 

America was presented 

1 Allow; 
and adopted. 

After discussion on the policy to be pursued in the work of the Missionary Union for the 
next linancial year i( was voted that the matter be made the order of the day for the next 
meeting, and Dr. Wood, Dr. Biillen, and Mr. Perkins, with the Corresponding Secretaries, 
were appointed a committee to formulate a scheme of policy to present to the meeting. 

Arrangements for inviting certain missionaries and missionaries under appointment, as 
well as the District Secretaries of the Union for the Annual Meeting, were adopted, 

Rev. 1). B. Jutten was chosen a member of the Board of Managers oE the Missionary 
Union in the class of 1899, as provided under section 7 of the Constitution. 

The Mei 

26, 1897. Eleven Members Present. 

Specific donations to the amount of $427.05 wei 

The Foreign Secretary made an encouraging rep 
interest of the movement of raising the debts. 

The sale of the house erected by the Union at Myitkyina, Burma, was authorized. 

The commiiiee to formulate a scheme of policy for the coming year of the Missionary 
Union preitenled their report, and Ihe discussion of it occupied the remainder of the sessioti. 


■■ Mai 

897. TlllH 

; Memi 

; PRE! 

The income of the Abbott Endowment Fund, $767.91, and the Carpenler Scholarship 
Fund, $166.75, was appropriated, and directed to be forwarded to Rev. C. A. Nichols for the 
purpose" of the mission at Hassein, Burma. 

At the request of the Woman's Hocietv the resignation of Miss Jennie E. Wayte as a 
misbionary was accepted, on account of her approaching marriage to Mr. F. D. Phinney, of 
Rangoon, Burma. The resignation of Mr, J. S. Burns, of the Congo Mission, who" has 
returned to America, was also accepted. 

The Annual Report of the Home and Foreign Deparlmenls, having been presented lo the 
committee, was, after consideration, adopted aE the report of the committee, to be presented 
to the Missionary Union at the coming annual meeting. 

The portrait of Rev. .A.J. Gordon, D.D., in oil, painted by Charles A kerman Jackson, 
was presented to the Missionary Union by Charles E. Jackson, Esq., of Jamaica P^in. and 
the Recording Secretary was instructed to extend the cordial thanks of the i "■ ■- 

JackEjon for his generous gift. 

Xlbe SSaptist 

Vol. LXXVII. No. 7 


PinsBUHG, Pa., May 24, 1897, 
In connection with two other national Baptist societies, — the American Baptist Home 
Mission Society and the American Baptist Publication Society, — the American Baptist 
Missionary Union held prayer services, morning, afternoon, and evening, at the Fourth 
Avenue Baptist Church, Sunday, May 23. The morning service was led by Rev. Henty 
G. Weston, D.D., of Pennsylvania; the afternoon service by Rev. Augustus H. Strong, 
D.D., of New York ; and the evening service by Rev. Galusha Anderson, D.D., of Illinois. 
AU of these services were exceedingly uplifting and helpful. 


A prayer meeting was held in the Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, commencing at 
nine o'clock in the morning. Rev. Emory W. Hunt, of Ohio, conducted the service. 
The great needs at home and abroad were the inspiration of many fervent petitions. 

At ten o'clock Rev. Henry F. Colby, D.D., of Ohio, president of the Union, opened 
the eighiy-third anniversary of the Society. After the reading of the second Psalm, by 
Rev. R. B. Hull, D.D., of New York, prayer was offered by Rev. Galusha Anderson, D,D., 
of Illinois. 

The president then addressed the Union : 




\s Prcsidtnl of Iht Aiiitri 

u Hafliil Missionary Union, ir Henry F. Colby, D.D.. ,11 Pillsbtirg, 
May 14. ,S97. 
Brethren of lie American Baptise Missinnary L'niati: During several days of the last 
week most of us were gathered here, considering the interests of Christ's spiritual kingdom, 
chiefly in our own Und. Our hearts were stirred within us as we pondered [lie great work 
which God has given us as a denomination lo do for him here in America, Our Home Mis- 
sionary, our Educational, our Publication responsibilities in this great and wonderfully favored 
nation, this grand meeting-place of races, this free battle-field of thought and opinion, are 

284 Eighty-third Annual Meeting. 

enough to tax our collected wisdom, prompt our most earnest prayers, and inspire our utmost 

But, vast and absorbing as these interests are, we meet this morning to look out beyond 
them. We do not change our point of view : that is always the same. That must always be at 
the foot of that redeeming Cross which has drawn us to each other by drawing us to itself. 
Nay, it must always be fellow.ship with that crucified and risen Savior who, having given him- 
self for us, ascended to his blood-bought throne. But looking out from this point ,of view, our 
horizon widens. We have been lifted too high not to see beyond our own boundaries. Behold, 
the Christian outlook reaches beyond America, beyond the encircling seas, even **to the utter- 
most parts of the earth " ! 

Allow me, as an appropriate introduction to what shall come before us to-day and 
to-morrow, to remind you, in the few minutes I shall occupy, of this one fact : that Foreign 
Missions are the grand test of both the genuineness and the fervor of our discipleship. 

To begin with, they test our loyalty to Christs authority. Who that reads the New 
Testament can fail to see that he has told us to push them? Now this command, more than 
any other he has given us, concentrates its force upon our spirit of faith and obedience. 
Christian work here at home appeals in a measure to other and lower motives which may 
buttress and supplement a weak faith and a laggard consecration. Here, for example, is the 
sight of our eyes ; the sin and the sorrow coming from it thrusting themselves upon our view, 
as we go about our large cities, and appealing strongly to our emotions of pity or indigna- 
tion. Here they are, and we cannot help beholding them and feeling that something must be 
done about them. But it requires much careful thought and an effort of the imagination to 
keep such affecting pictures before us of the woes of far-away peoples whom we have never 
seen. The temporal results also, the social reforms and intellectual enlightenment, that 
accompany the establishment of Sunday-schools and churches furnish strong arguments for aid 
in our own communities. We wish to see our city, our town, prosper. Even irreligious men 
will sometimes help for this reason. There is the natural pride or desire to see large success 
in the institutions with which we ourselves are connected ; to feel, and to have others know, 
that our churches are doing great things in the community, that they have the attractions of 
fine architectiwe, fine music, and eloquence, that we are providing for our religious edification 
and the highest welfare of those we love. These motives — and most of them are commendable 
in their places — do not enforce the claims of Foreign Missions. On the other hand rise the 
objections : ** Oh, they are so far away ! They are among peoples in whom we have such little 
interest any\vay ! There is so much to be done at home, and it requires so much expense to 
carry men and money to the fields." The Great Commission, therefore, tests us whether we 
will rise above this objecting and calculating spirit, whether we will walk by faith as well as by 
sight, and obey simply because it is the command of our Great Master. 

Not only our loyalty to his authority, but our sympathy with his ivorld'embracing tave^ is 
here tested. We love our own country. 


** Breathes there a man with soul so dead. 
Who never to himself hath said, 
This is my own, my native land? '* 

The spirit of patriotism has been greatly inculcated of late. It glows in our magazine 
literature ; it hurrahs in our public schools. We have come to count it as next to religion, and 
of such value perhaps it is. Far be it from me to depreciate it ! Happy is that cause that can 
appropriately join its prayers with the singing of ** My country, 'tis of thee," and enforce its 

Address by the President* 285 

appeals for pecuniary aid by the waving of the star-spangled banner ! But let us not forget 
that to be a true Christian is to be something more than a patriot. Jesus belonged to the most 
exclusive people on the face of the earth, yet his heart was big enough to reach out and take in 
all the world. No national barriers could confine his yearning for human welfare. No dis- 
tinctions of race or language could check its zeal. It is true, he wept over Jerusalem, but he 
died for all mankind and sent forth his disciples everywhere. Now he waits to see if we will 
let our hearty be expanded to spiritual dimensions commensurate with his own. He asks of us 
a religious enthusiasm that is not only national but supranational. He reminds us that' an 
evangelism that is Christ ocentric must for that reason be, in the widest sense, catholic and 
ecumenical. While invention and commerce are squeezing the world smaller and making more 
and more complete the interdependence of all races, it surely is not a time for the disciples of 
the great-hearted Jesus to narrow the range of their sympathies, their prayers, or their gifts ! 

Again : Foreign Missions test our cofifideftce in Christ s Gospel as the only power of God 
unto salvation. We acknowledge that it is such for ourselves. But will not some other 
religion do about as well for less cultivated peoples ? Are not Parsees and Hindus, Buddhists 
and Confucianists, Shintoists and Mahometans, upholding systems that recognize more or 
less ethical truths, and which need not, therefore, be displaced by Christianity? Do not these 
ethnic faiths also advance some fine ideals? And does it, after all, make much difference what 
a man believes as long as he is humble before his God and admires the practice of virtue? 
If this is our superficial and merely amiable idea of religion, we will of course feel no obliga- 
tion to carry or to send the Christian religion so far abroad. It is, then, only one among 
many human devices for the pacification of the conscience and the quieting of the heart. 
But no such moderate claims did its Founder and his apostles put forth for it. Peter declared, 
"There is no other name under heaven, given among men, whereby we must be saved." 
Unlike the teachings of Oriental sages, those of Jesus consist of purity without any admixture 
of corruption, and the best that fell from their lips we find set forth perfectly by him. He 
speaks with authority where they are silent. He throws heavenly light where they at best 
only encourage blind gropings. They set forth some fragments, it is true, of the divine law, 
but have little power to secure their practical observance. Along with a few shining examples 
of unselfishness, there is a vast mass of idolatry, superstition, unrest, pollution, and cruelty 
that their systems can never heal. Jesus Christ, on the other hand, brings to men a new life 
— new motives, new affections, new power, and the nearer men live to him, the nearer they 
grow to each other. Nay, he alone brings forgiveness for sin, reconciliation with God, and the 
clear hope of a holy heaven. '* Well suited," says Sir Monier Williams, the Oriental scholar, 
•* are the scriptures of the Brahmans, Moslems, Buddhists, and Parsees to all who thank God 
that they are morally correct, to all who look for salvation to the fulfilment of their religious 
tasks, their fastings, their penances, and their self-mortifications, to all who seek to stand 
before God in the rags of their own self-righteousness. But to dying sinners such books are 
worse than useless. To lepers seamed and scarred with guilt they are worse than a mockery, 
for they speak not of the one Physician, they offer no balm, they provide no healing remedy. 
The Bible alone reveals the Christ, the Savior of the world." Now, my friends, do we believe 

this do we believe that the Gospel is the only sufficient remedy? The call to Foreign Missions 

is the test of our faith in this great fact. 

Once more : Foreign Missions test our trust in our I^nVs living and mighty providence. 
Before there was any experience in this line the objective obstacles to the evangelization of the 
heathen seemed appalling. Good men said : ** How can we pay the way of ourselves or others 
across the seas? How can we bear exile from home and friends? How can we learn those 


236 Eighty-third Annual Meeting, 

difficult and uncouth languages? How can we print and circulate the Scriptures in those 
tongues* many of which have no written forms? How can we overcome the barriers main- 
tained by the narrow policy of great commercial companies, push open the closed doors, 
disarm heathen prejudice, and conquer cruel persecution?'' It was a trying outlook; but 
they laid their cause before Him who promised to be with His disciples as they obey His high 
behest. He stood by them. He directed their efforts. And what is the result to-day? Two 
hundred and eighty thousand souls converted through the instrumentality of our own Missionary 
Union, besides multitudes brought to Christ by missionaries sent out by other societies and 
from other Christian lands. 

The obstacles that we meet now at home and abroad in our foreign missionary enterprise 
are not to be compared with those early and formidable ones. But they challenge in like man- 
ner our confidence in our living Lord. We do not worship a dead Christ. If we did we might 
often be discouraged. But as those who believe that he rOvSe from the dead and that unto him is 
given ** all p(nver in heaven and on earth,'''' we ought to emulate the zeal of the fathers and press 
forward over every barrier. He can make the waters divide. He can cause the threatening 
walls to fall down. He has command of all resources. But does he not look to see if his 
people have confidence in him as their living King, and if they will come up to his help against 
the mighty? 

Yes, brethren, the call to foreign missions is a test both of the fervor and the genuine- 
ness of our discipleship. It is a challenge to us as Christians to prove ourselves Christians 
indeed. It is a shame to have it said that men need two conversions: first to discipleship, and 
second to missions. One real and profound conversion practically involves it all. The trouble 
is we have lowered the true Christian ideal, allowing it to be a sort of admiration and patron- 
age of Christ rather than a full devotion to his service. We need to get back to the New 
Testament standard of trust and consecration. It was when the church at Antioch *» minis- 
tered to the Lord and fasted ■' — that is, when they were in an exalted mood of devotion and 
inquiry and self-sacrifice — that the enterprise of foreign missions was born. So it is when 
Christian discipleship awakes from its selfish stupor and its worldly dreams, and rises to some- 
thing like a consciousness of its significance that the great work receives new impulses. Other 
forms of service can perhaps continue while the churches are living on a low plane of thought 
and feeling. This can enlarge and prosper only as the fruit of spiritual life. 

Can we then as a denomination and as individual Christians stand this test? Shall we 
prove ourselves to be close up to our Master in his outlook and his longing? Shall we rise to 
improve the opportunities which he presses upon us in these stirring days? Or will he have 
reason to say of us with sad lamentation, •' Ye knmu not lohat manner of spirit ye are of^^ ? 

The following committees were then appointed : 

Arrangements. — L. C. Barnes, Pennsylvania; (ieo. A. Russell, Massachusetts; W. A. 
Stevens, New York; A. S. Carman. Ohio: E. R. Pope, Minnesota. 

Xominations. — J. W. T. Boothc, Massachusetts: W. S. Ayres, Maine; Stephen Greene, 
Massachusetts; J. B. Marsh, Rhode Island; J. W. A. Stewart, New York; George Stevens, 
Ohio; A. C}. Slocum, Michigan: L. L. Henson, Indiana; J. W. Conley, Minnesota; L. B. 
Philbrick, Massachusetts; C. Brooks, Iowa; J. O'B. Lowry, Missouri; C. A. Wooddy, 
Oregon; C. M. Hill; California. 

Enrolment. — N. B. Chamberlain, Massachusetts: F. S. Dobbins, Pennsylvania ; E. A. 
Scoville, Ohio; C. A. Barber, New York; R. W. Van Kirk, Michigan; D. B. Cheney, Wis- 


Reports. 2 

consin : J. W. Weddell, Pennsylvania; G. W. Taft, Japan; Herbert Goodman, Illinois; 
G. Field, Ohio. 

Finance. — C. W. Kingsley, Massachusetts; H. K. Porter, Pennsylvania; F. O. Re( 
Massachusetts; Wallace Buttrick, New York ; E. J. Brockett, New Jersey; F. P. Beaver, Ohi 
E. J. Doe, Rhode Island; B. A. Greene, Illinois; Alonzo Bunker, Burma; B. F. Dennis( 
Pennsylvania; E. B. Badger, Massachusetts; R. O. Fuller, Massachusetts. 

Place and. Preacher. — N. E. Wood, Massachusetts; Sylvester Burnham, New Yoi 
A. E. Carson, Burma; T. Edwin Brown, Pennsylvania; George Gear, Ohio; A. C. Osbo 
South Carolina. 

Rev. S. W. Duncan, D.D., Foreign Secretary of the Missionary Union, presented t 
reix)rt of the Executive Committee, and called attention to some of its salient featur 
and to the general condition of the various missions connected with the Union. 

The report of the Executive Committee was accepted, and its recommendatic 
were adopted. 

E. P. Coleman, Esq., treasurer of the Union, presented an abstract of his ann 
. repKjrt, which was accepted. 

Rev. W. H. Cossum, of Ningpo, China, addressed the Union. There should be 
retrenchment, he said. Our cry should be men, not dollars. The emphasis should 
laid upon holiness of life. There must be a deeper consecration on the part of 1 
members of our churches. In closing, Mr. Cossum referred to his work in China. 

Adjourned, after prayer by Rev. M. H. Bixby, D.D., of Rhode Island. 


The Union reassembled at half-past two o'clock. After a prayer service. Rev. J. 
Eager, a missionary of the Southern Baptist Convention in Italy, addressed the Uni 
concerning mission work in Europe. He spoke of the condition of some of th( 
European countries. Reform must come from outside. 

Rev. A. E. Carson, of Thayetmyo, Burma, called attention to the work among i 
Karens, and especially to the progress made by the Karen churches in the direction 
self-support; also to the results of school work. 

Rev. G. W. Taft, of Kobe, Japan, addressed the Union in reference to our edu( 
tional work in Japan. 

Hon. R. O. Fuller, of Massachusetts, presented the report of the Committee 
Finance : 

PiTTSHURG, Pa., May 24. 1897 

On account of the very full and detailed statements in the annual report, your commit 
have not thought it necessary to make any extended report, and therefore would present 
following as the unanimous report of your committee. 

Your committee recommend to the Executive Committee such rearrangement and readji 
ment as is consbtent with the least injury to our missionary work. 

That in the light of the experience of recent years we should deem it exceedingly unfc 
unate if the plans of the coming year should make it necessary to incur a new debt. 

238 Eighty' third Annual Meeting. 

This report looks in two directions : It calls for the utmost care and economy on the part 

of the Executive Committee, and for a more conscientious and considerate stewardship on the 

part of our church members. 

Respectfully submitted, 




E. 1>. REEVES, E. J. DOE, 



After addresses by B. F. Dennison, of Pennsylvania ; Mr. E. J. Doe, of Rhode 
Island ; Hon. C. VV. Kingsley, of Massachusetts ; Rev. W. V. Wilson, of New Jersey, and 
Rev. J. N. Williams, of Pennsylvania, the report was adopted. 

Rev. A. Bunker, D.D., of Burma, was introduced, and addressed the Union. He 
said he brought the greetings of 3,500 disciples in the Toungoo hills. He gave an inter- 
esting account of an association which he attended shortly before he left Burma. We 
are ready for an advance, with missionaries from our own Karen people. Among no 
people have I met Christians more devoted. I love them. I believe in them. 

Rev. R. G. Seymour, D.D., of Pennsylvania, said that when Rev. Dr. Adoniram 
Judson was in this country in 1846, he visited Waterville, Me., and while there wrote 
his autograph. The owner has kept it till this time, and wishes to dispose of it for the 
mission debts. Bids were made and the autograph was finally sold to Hon. R. O. 
Fuller, of Cambridge, Mass., for $300. 

Prof. J. M. English, D.D., of Newton Theological Institution, addressed the Union 
on "The lordship of Christ." Christ and his disciples, he said, made much of this 
fact. Do we recognize it? Do we know that we are the Lord*s? This meeting will 
become historic and Christ will be enthroned in our hearts in proportion as all of us, 
secretaries, missionaries, pastors, church-members, give to Christ not only our hearts, but 
our wills. 

Prayer was offered by Rev. L. C. Barnes, D.D., of Pittsburg. 

Rev. J. W. T. Boothe, D.D., of Massachusetts, presented the report of the Com- 
mittee on Nominations, and the following officers were unanimously elected, the following 
brethren acting as tellers: Rev. R. M. Luther, D.E)., of New Jersey; Rev. 'R. E. Man- 
ning, Illinois ; Rev. F. Adkins, Ohio ; Rev. Thomas Griffiths, Pennsylvania, and Rev. E. 
Y. MuUins, D.D., Massachusetts. 


Rrv. Henry F. Colby, D.D., Ohio. 


Hon. Chester W. Kingsley, MasKachusetts. Rkv. D. D. MacLaurin, D.D., Michigan. 

RKCORDINi; secretary. 

Rev. Henry S. Birrage, D.D., Portland, Me. 





Class III, 


W. N. Clarke, D.D., Hamilton, N.Y. 
Rev. E p. Titller, Lawrence, Mass. 
C. R. Henderson, D.D., Chicago, 111. 
J F. Elder, D.D., Albany, N.Y. 
B. A. Woods. D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Rev. C. a. Cook, Bloomfield, N.J. 
M. H. BiXBY, D.D., Providence, R.I. 
\Vm. M. Lawrence, D.D., Chicago, 111. 
E. E. Chivers, D.D., Chicago, 111. 
Rev. C. a. Hobbs, Delavan, Wis. 
H. L. Stetson, D.D., Des Moines, la. 

Hon. Julius J. Estey, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Term expiring in igoo, 

Hon. R. O. Fuller, Cambridge, Mass. 

William M. Isaacs, New York, N Y. 

Hon. J. Buchanan, Trenton, N.J. 

S. W. Woodward, Washington, D.C. 

J. B. Thresher, Dayton, O. 

I. J. Dunn, Keene, N.H. 

George G. Dutcher, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

G. W. E. Barrows, Bangor, Me. 


Mrs. J. E. Scott, Evanston, 111. 
Mrs. D. R. Wolf, St. Louis, Mo. 
Mrs. Wm. Lindsay, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Mrs. J. B. Hoyt, Stamford, Conn. 
Mrs. W. R. Brooks, Morristown, N.J. 

Class II. Term expiring in iSgg. 



A. Stevens, LL.I)., Rochester, N.Y , to 
fill vacancy caused by the death of Hon. 
L. K. Fuller. 
Richard M. Colgate, Orange, N.Y., to fill 
vacancy caused by the death of Samuel 
Colgate, Esq. 


Mrs. J. K. Sticknev, Washington, D.C, to 
fill vacancy caused by resignation of Mrs. 
W. E. Lincoln. 

Mrs. E. W. Bicknell, Philadelphia, Pa., to 
fill vacancy caused by the election of Mrs. 
J. H. Randall as President of the Woman's 
Baptist Foreign Missionary Society of the 
West, and Member of the Board of Mana- 
gers, ex officio. 

Rev. N. E. Wood, D.D., of Massachusetts, presented the report of the Committee 
on Place and Preacher, recommending the appointment of Rev. L. A. Crandall, D.D., 
•of Chicago, as preacher of the annual sermon next year ; also, that the Union refer to 
the Executive Committee for consultation with the other societies the question whether 
it would not be wise to have but one annual sermon for all the societies at the aniversa- 
ries, and that the sermon be given by the appointee of each society in rotation. It was 
also recommended that the choice of place of meeting in 1898 be left with the Execu- 
tive Committee, in consultation with the other societies. The report, with its recom- 
mendations, was adopted. 

N. B. Chamberlain, of Massachusetts, presented the report of the Committee on 
Enrolment as follows : 

The number of delegates enrolled is 265, coming from the following States: 
Maine ...... 3 New York 

Vermont . 
Rhode Island 

2 New Jersey 
27 Pennsylvania 
4 Delaware 

6 ' South Carolina 






Eighty-third Annual Meeting, 

West Virginia . 

• • 


Missouri . 






Indiana . 


Oregon . 




Colorado . 




Canada . 




Mission Fields . 



1 2 








The report was adopted, and the Union adjourned, after the benediction by Rev. 
P. M. Weddell, of Ohio. 


The Union met at 8 o'clock. The Scriptures were read by Rev. Wallace Buttrick, 
of New York, and prayer was offered by Prof. Sylvester Burnham, of Colgate University. 

Rev. N. E. Wood, D.D., of Massachusetts, then preached the annual sermon, text 
Isa. ii., 2. The theme of the sermon was " Missions and Victory,** and the preacher 
forcefully insisted upon missionary statesmanship in order to victory. " It is for you," 
he said in closing, " not to look here and there, as if by chance, but to look deliberately, 
widely, and wisely through the whole human race to discover the throbbing centres of 
its tumultuous life, and there to plant the Gospel of peace. There are strategic towns 
and cities and nations. It is for you in a masterly survey of the world to discover them, 
to seize them, and to plant the Gospel in them, with a tenacity of missionary purpose as 
undying as life. It is for you to replenish them with men and means which shall flow 
into them steadily, as richly and as ceaselessly as the grace of God. It is for you to 
hold them against no matter what discouragements, and to await with supreme confidence 
the disintegration of the kingdom of the world, and the enthronement of the glorious 
kingdom of our glorious Lord.'* 

At the close of the sermon a Sunday-school class of Chinamen, connected with the 
Sunday-school of the Fourth Church, came upon the pulpit platform with their teachers 
and sung the hymn " Jesus loves me." 

Rev. Dr. Mabie then introduced six missionaries who were under appointment to 
mission stations of the Union, viz. : Rev. A. F. Groesbeck and wife, of Iowa, who go to 
China ; Rev. E. T. Welles and his sister. Miss Gertrude Welles, of Arcade, N.Y., who 
go to Africa ; Miss L. Minniss, of Pennsylvania, who goes to China, and Rev. George 
A. Huntley, of Vermont, who with his wife returns to VV^estern China, having formerly 
been connected with the China Inland Mission. Kach one addressed the Union brieflv, 
and all were commended to God in a fervent prayer by Rev. R. M. Luther, D.D., of New 

The Union adjourned, after the benediction by Rev. W. D. McKinney, of Connecticut.. 


A prayer service, conducted by Rev. A. S. Carman, of Ohio, was held from 9 o'clock 
until 9.30. The business of the Union was then resumed. 

Committees. 241 

Rev. H. P. Cochrane, of Toungoo, Burma, was introduced by Dr. Mabie. In 
addressing the Union Mr. Cochrane gave a very interesting account of his field and his 
work. Our great need, he said, is more workers. 

Dr. W. H. Leslie, of the Congo Mission, followed, and spoke of mission work on 
the banks of that great river, and its promise. 

Rev. J. S. Kennard, D.D., of New Jersey, said we ought not to be discouraged concern- 
ing Africa, and referred to some of the recent tokens of the divine favor as seen in the 
great revival at Uganda. 

Mr. George Warner spoke of our work in Western China, and of the present 
favorable indications. 

Rev. E. Tribolet, of Bassein, Burma, gave an account of his work among the 
Burmans at that station. He had combined school work with evangelistic work, and 
spoke of the success of the work. 

Dr. J. S. Grant, medical missionary at Ningpo, China, gave illustrations of the char- 
acter of his work, and showed how such work prepares the way for strictly missionary 

Rev. L. C. Barnes, D.D., referred to the fact that at the meeting of the Missionary 
Union in Pittsburg, forty-five years ago, Rev. M. H. Bixby, D.D., was set apart for 
mission work in Burma. Dr. Bixby was introduced by the president, and having referred 
to his work in Burma, said that he was at length compelled to leave that work and return 
to this country on account of ill health. " My heart was in Burma," he said, " but God 
ordered otherwise than that I should remain there." In closing. Dr. Bixby offered the 
following resolution : 

IVhereas^ In view of the excellent results of cooperation between the American Baptist 
Home Mission Society and the American Baptist Missionary Union in the work of removing 
the debts, therefore 

Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed by the president of this Union, of which 
he shall be chairman, to confer with a similar committee of the Home Mission Society as to 
whether there may not be further cooperation between these two societies. 

The resolution was adopted, and the following committee was appointed : 

Rev. H. F. Colby, D.D., Rev. M. H. Bixby. D.D., 

Hon. C. W. Kingsley, Rev. E. Y. Millins, D.D., 

Rev. F. M. Ellis, D.D., Mr. C. W. Perkins, 

Mr. E. J. Brockett. 

Rev. L. Moss, D.D., of New Jersey, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Foreign Secretary of the Missionary Union be requested to present at 
our next anniversary a comprehensive survey of the work abroad, especially in Asia, with sug- 
gestions as to the policy and methods which should characterize the further prosecution of our 
great and constantly growing missionary activities. 

The resolution was adopted after remarks by Dr. Moss. 

Prof. Sylvester Burnham, D.D., of Colgate University, gave an account of Baptist 
mission work in Germany and ( 'rerman Switzerland as it came under his own observa- 

242 Eighty-third Annual Meeting. 

tion during the past year. " The Baptists in these lands," he said, " should have our 
sympathy and support.'* 

Rev. F. L. Anderson, of New York, offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resolved^ That the delegates present at these anniversaries hereby express their apprecia- 
tion of the perfect and delightful Christian hospitality extended to us by the Baptists and other 
Christian people of Pittsburg and vicinity. Also that we record our thanks to the Pittsburg 
press for their extended reports of our proceedings and to the railroads for their favors. 

After prayer by Rev. C. F. Tolman, of Illinois, the Union adjourned, to meet at the 

call of the Executive Committee. 


HENRY S. BURRAGE, President. 

Recording Secretary, 


Pittsburg, Pa., May 24, 1897. 

The eighty-third annual meeting of the Board of Managers of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union was held May 24, 1897, in the Fourth-avenue Baptist Church, 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

In the absence of the Chairman, the meeting was called to order by M. H. Bixby, 
the Recording Secretar)\ 

Hon. Robert O. Fuller was chosen Chairman //v tern. 

Prayer was offered by Rev. D.D. MacLaurin, I).I). 

The roll was called by the Secretary, and the following members responded to their 

names : 

L. C. Barnes, Edward Goodman. H. S. Burrage. 

Jacob S. Gubelman. W. T. Chase. M. H. Bixbv. 

Sylvester BfRMiAM. Mrs. |. II. Randall. E. E. Ciiivers. 

Wallace Buttrkk. Miss Sarah C. Dl'rfee. R. O. Fuller. 

R. M. Ldther. Henry F. Colby. J. B. Thresher. 

C. A. Woody. C. W. Kingslky. W. A. Stevens. 

Z. Grenell. D. D. MacLaurin. 

A communication was received from the Executive Committee informing the Board 

that Rev. I). B. Jutten, of Massachusetts, had been chosen a member of the Board of 

Managers, under Section 7 of the Constitution, paragraph 4, in the class of 1899, for 

three vears. 

Voted, that the Chair appoint a committee of three to nominate the officers of the 
Board of Managers. 

Wallace Buttrkk, J. S. Gubelman, Z. Grenell, 

were appointed. 

The above-named committee nominated for 

permanent chairman. 
Hon. Robert O. Fuller. 

recording secretary. 
Rev. M. H. Bixby, D.D. 



Proceeded to ballot for Chairman and Recording Secretary, and the following 
officers were unanimously elected, viz. : 

Hon. Robert O. Fuller. 

recording secretary. 
Rev. M. H. Bixby, D.D. 

The Chair appointed the following committee to nominate the executive officers of 
the American Baptist Missionary l^nion, viz. : 


J. B. Thresher. 
W. T. Chase. 

Henry F. Colby. 
Edward Goodman. 

Edward Goodman presented the following resolution, which, after careful considera- 
tion, was passed unanimously, viz. : 

Whereas^ In view of the suggestion that for carrying out the readjustment of our mission 
work it may require a withdrawal from Spain ; and 

Whereas^ That for such withdrawal a vote of the Union or of the Board of Managers is 
required; therefore. 

Resolved^ That while deeply regretting the abandonment of any of our mission fields, we 
empow^er the Executive Committee to close our work in Spain if in their judgment it shall seem 
to be absolutely necessary. 

The Committee on Nominations submitted their report, and in accordance with its 
recommendations the following officers were unanimously elected by ballot, viz. : 

corresi»onding secretaries. 
Rev. Samckl W. Dincan, D.D. Rf.v. Henry C Mabie, D.D. 

E. P. Coleman, Es^. 

Rev. W. S. Apsey, D.D. 
Rev. N. E. Wood, D.D. 

executive committee. 

Class III. Expiring in igoo. 

Rev. George E. Merrill, D.D.George C Whitney, Esq. 
Charles W. Perkins, Esc^. 

AUDITING committee. 

D. C. LiNSCOTT, Esc^. 

Sidney A. Wilbur, Eqs. 

Voted to fix the salaries as follows, viz. : 

Rev. S. W. Duncan, D.D., Corresponding Secretary, $4,000. 
Rev. H. C. Mabik, D.D.. Corresponding Secretary, $4,000. 
E. P. Coleman, Ksq., Treasurer, $j,ooo. 

The following report was submitted by Dr. Barnes, chairman of the committee 
ap|X)inted last year, and, after careful consideration, the report was unanimously 
adopted, viz. : 

244 Committees. 


Education as a feature of work in the missionary fields is, of course, not included in the 
scope of this inquiry. 

Another subject is carefully excluded which might, with propriety, be accounted as within 
the field of the present inquiry, viz. : the Education of Missionaries. That is a subject of great 
importance, is under sharp discussion, and needs a thorough examination by itself. 

The only question now raised is as to the education in the missionai-y spirit and enter- 
prise provided by our theological seminaries^ colleges^ and academies. What are they doing, 
and what should they do, in furnishing the future leaders of our people with a genuine education 
as to this great element of modem life, the missionary element ? 

/. What are they doing? 

According to the Baptist Year Book, we have within the home field of the American Baptist 
Missionary Union 5 theological seminaries, 18 universities and colleges, and 29 academies, 52 
institutions in all. The following letter was sent to them all : 

•*The Board of Managers of the American Baptist Missionary Union, at its last meeting, 
appointed a committee to inquire into the matter of education on the subject of missions in our 
denominational schools. Hence we are obliged to appeal to your kindness to supply us with 

** I. Please send us a catalogue of your school with all items marked which indicate at- 
tention of any kind to the subject of missions. 

** 2. Please write us about any attention to the subject which may not be fully indicated 
in the catalogue. 

••3. Please favor us with suggestions as to the need or possibility of further development 
of education in our schools on the subject of missions. •' 

Replies have been received from all of the seminaries, two- thirds of the colleges, and one- 
half of the academies, 32 institutions in all. 

At Rochester, the Department of Homiletics and Pastoral Theology presents one course on 
Missionary History. 

At Colgate, the Department of Christian Theology offers one course on Christian Mi<>sions 
and one on Comparative Religion. 

Newton has a professorship of missions, which is now offering seven' courses on the subject. 
Besides that, the Department of Church History, in addition to the customary courses bearing 
on the subject, offers three courses on Comparative Religion, and the Department of Homiletics 
and Pastoral Duties offers four courses on missions in the home field, especially in their city 
and social aspects. 

At Chicago, in the Department of Sociology, six of the courses offered treat of the very 
substance of missionary work in the home field. In the Department of Comparative Religion 
eight of the courses fall strictly within our field of inquiry. In the Department of Church His- 
tory, in addition to the usual courses, there are six which are strictly missionary. So far as can 
be learned from the 32 institutions heard from, the above is an account of the courses of instruc- 
tion oft'ered in missions, 37 courses in all, distributed as follows: Rochester i, Colgate 2, New- 
ton 14, Chicago 20. 

In addition to this, all the seminaries give important instruction on the subject of missions 
in the New Testament Department and in the Department of Church History. Counting these, 
we mav add three or four courses to the credit of everv one of our seminaries. 

Committees, 245 

This is, however, by no means an account of all the missionary education provided in our 
schools. In all the theological seminaries and in all the colleges and academies heard from, 
missionary lectures, addresses, and talks are given and many meetings for conference and prayer 
on the subject are held. These features of the school life are approved and furthered by the 
faculty. They are a part of the voluntary life of the institutions, and are maintained for the most 
part by the students themselves. * 

President after president writes concerning the excellent work which is being done in the 
missionary direction by the college Young Men's Christian Association and Young Women's 
Christian Association. They hold regular monthly meetings in the interests of missions. In 
some institutions thepe are also bands of missionary volunteers who hold regular meetings. 
The tide of missionary interest appears to be high in some of our schools, even where missionary 
study is not a part of the curriculum. 

This is immensely hopeful and significant, and it brings us to our second question, viz. : 

//. Is there anything more that our educational institutions might well undertake in the 
direction of missionary culture ? 

The following considerations, among others, seem to point to an affirmative answer : 

1 . The large place that the missionary enterprise has come to take in the thoughts and in 
the practical attention of the student body suggests that the time has come when it ought to 
receive systematic and thorough treatment, which it can have only by being incorporated as a 
part of the regular course of discipline. 

When, in recent years, athletics came to take a large place in the interest of the students, it 
was thought best to take it under direction as a part of the orderly process of culture. Accord- 
ingly, gymnasiums were built and professors of athletics were engaged. Is it any less fitting or 
desirable, since many students have become deeply interested in missions, that missionary 
museums should be provided and professors of missions be engaged.^ 

2. Our denominational institutions have always counted it as a part of their work to teach 
certain theoretical aspects of the Christian religion. This grew up naturally, was, in fact, inev- 
itable in periods when theoretical questions held a chief place in the thought and care of 
Christendom. It is essential to a cultivated mind to have education in those matters which are 
of chief interest to his age. Accordingly the time is approaching for a transfer of emphasis in 
school instruction from the evidential, speculative, and theoretical aspects of religion to its prac- 
tical, applied, socially regenerative, and world- transforming aspects. 

3. There is no better stimulus to study in general than the instilling of the missionary 
motive. It has been so from the start. American Baptist Missions and American Baptist Edu- 
cation are twin-born. Luther Rice went from end to end of the land and awakened a sleeping 
denomination with not one but two bugle blasts, yet not two but one, — Missions and Education. 
Many of our colleges and other schools sprang to life in the next few years as the direct result 
of the missionary motive. All of them since are, mcwe or less directly, the product of the 
same impulse. In 1814 we had one school at the end of 175 years of history. In the 83 
years since we have come to have 168 more. Less than one-half the time, 169 times as many 

In resjject to individuals as well as institutions, the surest educational impulse known is 
seizure by the Christian, i.e. the missionary, ideal. In unnumbered instances thirst for educa- 
tion for the sake of greater usefulness has been an immediate outcome of conversion. 

Again, not only the future career, but also the college work, of men acquires its tone and 
intensity from the greatness of the ideals held. The wide scope and the unselfish aims of the 
missionary undertaking appeal to the best there is in young people, and call it out. Let this be 

246 Committees. 

given the dignity of being a part of the regular curriculum of a liberal education, and it will 
tend to infuse into student life at large a keener zest. 

4. It is the natural expectation that the young people who have been to school shall l>e 
the leaders, shall set the standards of life in the church. In other words, the future of the 
missionary enterprise depends largely on the disciplined grasp of the problem given to those who 
are now^ being educated. . The missionary movement has become so vast and complicated that 
it cannot be left in the future to haphazard intelligence on the subject. 

5. It is coming to be seen and advocated by educational experts as never l^efore. that the 
supreme and central aim of all educational methods is the production of character. But there 
is nothing so well fitted to produce broad-minded, unselfish, large-willed character as the task 
of uplifting and civilizing the human race with the graces and forces of Christianity. The mis- 
sionary enterprise, as a course of study, is fitted to be an educational instrument of the most 
effective sort. It is sufliciently wide and intricate to call out the full use of the mental faculties, 
while at the same time shaping moral character. 

In view of such considerations as the foregoing, it seems desirable that missions be made 
a part of the regular course of instruction in our schools of learning in the ways adapted to the 
progressive steps in the process of education. It need hardly take more time in many schools 
than is now given to the desultory attention to the subject. 

The following suggestions are made without assuming to project in a few sentences an ideal 
of an adequate course of missionary studies as a new discipline in the system of education. 
They are offered merely to give concrete emphasis to the general idea which we are urging. 

A, In academies there might be a required course in moral heroism and achievement. 
This would be in the place of any more abstract, and therefore premature, ethical study. It 
would be a treatment of moral ideals in the concrete. The best of the self-conquering, tradition- 
conquering, world-conquering heroes, from Paul to Judson and onward, would be studied. 

B, In colleges missions might well be studied on the historical side. It would be more 
instructive and interesting than some of the historical studies which are now required. The 
most significant and resultful movement in the human race has been the introduction and 
development of Christianity. No man is educated to whom a study of this has not been a part 
of his mental discipline. Let it be pursued in the rigidly scientific and disciplinary method, as 
much so as biology. Is not this the higher biology? The larger colleges would have various 
electives along the missionary and closely allied lines. 

C, In the theological seminaries has not the time come for a new department, the 
Department of Applied and Aggressive Christianity? This would be not simply for those who 
intend to be missionaries, but for all who wish to be ministers of Christ in the twentieth 
century. When our seminaries were founded and the lines of instruction were being 
laid, which still, to a large extent, shape the curriculum, the strength of our denomination 
was in the country churches. Now it is in the cities. For this and other potent reasons 
problems have arisen and have become pressing which were then scarcely thought of. What 
pastor is there, who has been out of the seminary twenty, ten, or even five years, who has not 
wished again and again that he had been taught some of the things which he most needs to 
know in his actual work, and which he might have been taught to better advantage than 
some of the things which he was taught, if only there had been provision for such instructions? 

The Department of Applied and Aggressive Christianity would include sociology, so far as 
it belongs to the application of Christian realities to social life in nominally Christian lands. 
This is the problem of Home Missions, i.e.^ the permanent problem. Geographical frontiers 
are disappearing ; social frontiers are emerging. 

Committees, 247 

The Department of Applied and Aggressive Christianity would include also a study of the 
religious and other conditions of non-Christian peoples, with a view to the establishment of the 
Kingdom of Heaven throughout the earth. 

But. details aside, whatever the means which educational experts may find most effective, 
the end is clear and beyond question. Schools of all grades, which are under the auspices of 
the churches, are in honor bound to provide discipline and culture, not only as to the gracious, 
but also as to the aggressive, side of Christianity. Few students may be expected to go into so- 
called missionary work ; but all should be inspired and trained to take an active hand in the 
ever-onward movement of Christianity. A new day calls for new measures'. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Lemuel Call Barnes, Penn. 
William Newton Clarke, N.Y. 
Mrs. James Colgate, N.Y. 
J. B. Thresher, Ohio. 
Z. Grenell, 111. 

Voted, To request the Recording Secretary to secure copies enough of this report, 
when printed, to supply each of our educational institutions with a copy. 

The committee appointed last year to report on the resolution on the subject of 
missionary literature for education and stimulation of the home field submitted a 
report, which was careftiUy considered. The report was referred back to the committee 
for some slight modifications, and the committee was continued. 

The committee appointed last year on the resolution concerning the condition of 
the churches as to stated meetings for prayer and study about missions submitted their 
rep>on, which, after some slight modification and condensation, was adopted and ordered 
printed in the minutes, as follows : 

The committee appointed by the Board of Managers of the Missionary Union at Asbury 
Park, May, 1896, to report concerning the condition of the churches as to holding stated meet- 
ings for prayer and study about missions respectfully submit the following report : 

I. The observance of the missionary concert. The missionary concert is not generally 
observed. The reason for the decadence of the missionary concert may be found principally in 
three facts : 

{a) The press of church work, as for instance the use of Sunday evening for evangelistic 

{h) Failure to make the concert interesting. Your committee believe the lack of proper 
literature to be one of the important reasons. To say lack of material in this day of super- 
abundant missionary literature seems almost to indicate a lack of obser\'ation ; but when it is 
remembered that the rise of modern missionary literature dates hardly more than twenty-five 
years ago, and that the decadence of the concert was complete at that time, it is evident that 
the statement is true to fact. 

(^) The increase of other methods to accomplish the result aimed at by the missionary 

II. The relation of the missionary concert to missionary interest and missionary money. 
Vour committee find it difficult to ascertain the facts in regard to this relation. Does mis- 
sionarv interest create the missionary concert? or the concert the interest? ** Both," may 

248 Committees, 

be answered. How many men and women of to-day who are large workers in missionary 
interest on the field as missionaries, large givers at home, owe the impulse to the missionary 
concert? How many to other influences, to the returned missionary, the magazine, a stray 
article, a pastor's sermon ? While it is impossible to answer these questions, it may be well to 
state : the observance of the missionary concert will not meet the need of the present day for 
roused missionary enthusiasm, however helpful it may be. What is needed is a missionar\' 
church, missions at every service, and in the hearts of the church members a missionary' spirit 
in all its activities. 

Let us try to ascertain what is the place of the missionary concert in the missionary activ- 
ities of the church. 

ni. What was the original missionary concert ? It was due to the need of a revival of 
evangelical religion in the English Baptist churches. *• The Baptist ministers of the Northamp- 
tonshire Association drew up a resolution beseeching all Baptist churches in England to spend 
one stated hour a month in earnest united prayer for the promotion of pure and undefiled 
religion. The exhortation was added : IM the spread of the Gospel to the nwst distant parts of 
the habitable globe be the object of your most fervent requests.''^ Thus was started the monthly 
concert of prayer in 1784, eight years before William Carey's great missionary sermon. It was 
preeminently a service K^i prayer. Naturally enough, it gave afterwards the needed opportunity 
to inform the churches as to the missionary movements, and thus give definiteness to petitions 
and stimulus to interest. 

IV'. The need out of which grew the missionary concert. The missionary concert rose 
first from the need for prayer for the blessing of God ; and, second, from the need of imparting 
information, or, to use one word, the missionary concert of prayer and instruction arose from 
the need of ** contact ^^ — contact with God, contact with the field. The spread of the Gospel 
is a divine undertaking, not a human enterprise. The establishment of the Kingdom must be 
in the spirit and blessing of God. Herein lies the supreme need of the revival of the mission- 
ary concert of prayer. The spread of the Gospel is a divine commission, to be completed with 
divine power. We need to know the will of God, we need to have the power of God. Prayer 
is essential to these ends. 

V. How are the needs of prayer and instruction met to-day? Our present so-called 
missionary concert, even when held, is a concert of instruction and not prayer. Here and 
there, doubtless, there are churches whose members unite in prayer for missions. But, alas, 
how few ! 

As to instruction, the case is different. There never was a time when missionary literature 
so abounded, or was so widely scattered. The missionary magazine, the religious weekly, 
with its increasing devotion to missionary interests, the daily press, not always advantageously, 
missionary books and pamphlets, instruction in the Sunday-school, the meetings of the 
Woman's Societies, the Young Women's Farther Lights, the Mission Bands, the Conquest 
Meetings of the Young People, the returning missionaries, supply large sources of information. 
This is not sufficient. The office of the missionary concert must be to awaken an appetite for 
such literature, and should aim therefore at presenting salient points and controlling experiences, 
such biographies, incidents, and principles as will rouse to personal interest in missionary lit- 
erature and work. 

VI. Your committee therefore beg leave to otfer the following suggestions : 

A. Emphatically there should be a revival of the concert of prayer for missions ; a ser- 
vice of prayer at least once a month. Such a service need not be extravagant in its preparation 
or extent. Naturally a few chosen passages of Scripture, a few chosen words on missionary 

Cofnmittees, 249 

work, the presentation of a real, live missionary need, issue, person, field, or work, and then a 
concert of devout prayer for God's guidance and blessing. The missionary concert, therefore, 
may be of three kinds : , 

(i) Continuous. The Clarendon-street Church, of Boston, has no monthly concert, but 
almost every meeting has news from the field and prayer for the work and the workers. 

(2) Periodical and simple. Like that outlined above, a few suggestive but pertinent 
and vigorous thoughts, and then prayer. Every church should have such a concert once a 
month at least. 

(3) Periodical and complex. Such a concert should have a varied programme, full of life, 
music, fresh information, held either Sunday or week-day evening, once a month. 

B. The aim for instruction must be not the missionary concert, but ultimately to place 
in every Christian family the weekly religious, denominational newspaper, and the missionary 
magazine. Nothing short of this will answer the need. The missionary concert will supply 
but a small part, though indeed a very necessary part, of the requirements. 

C. Literature. We need concert literature accessible to all. In the missionar)' maga- 
zine an outline for a missionar}- concert that Ls broad, comprehensive, definite. In such an 
outline references to accessible literature in public libraries. The one who is most interested 
in missions would gladly stay away from some missionary concerts. The magazine should 
furnish references to larger missionary views and more definite and inspiring facts. There is 
needed also a pamphlet containing a list of one hundred possible missionary concerts, includ- 
ing references to books and articles on missionary history, biography, countries, movements, 
etc. This pamphlet, in connection with the references, should give the cost of books and . 
"where obtainable. It might be also very helpful if the Union should keep in its library books 
and other literature proper for the development of any such concert, to be loaned to any church 
in such preparation. While there is abundance of literature, it is not formulated or accessible 
to the ordinary church. Your committee recommend that the proper persons, either the Com- 
mittee of Literature appointed by this body, the Executive Committee, or the Editorial Secre- 
tary, be instructed to prepare such a pamphlet and have more attention given to the missionary 
concert in the magazine. 

D. The secretarial force of the Missionary Union appears to be the proper medium for 
the rousing of interest in the missionary concert of prayer. In this connection it is gratifying 
to state that the Home Office and various district secretaries are already awake to this great 
issue, and have done much diuing the last year to press its importance upon the churches. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Mrs. C. H. Banes. 

Voted, To adjourn, to meet at the call of the Chair, or at the annual meeting in May, 


Praver was offered bv Rev. Dr. Luther. 

(Signed) Robkki (). Flllkk, 

M. H. HixBV, 

Recording Secretary, 

250 Note. 


The standards of orthography for native names which have been established by the 
Royal Geographical Society of England and the Cieographical Society of Paris have been 
adopted for the publications of the Missionary Union. 

The pronunciation of letters will be as follows : a as in f^zther ; e as long a : i as 
ee in f^f^l ; ^^ as in m^^te \ u 2& oo in ioo\ ; i? as ^ in h<?r ; // as in German M«nchen ; ai as / 
in /ce ; au as aw in \iow ; b, d^f,j, /, ;//, ;/, /, r, s, ih, /, v^ w^ 5, chy as in English ; ^ as in 
^rden ; h always pronounced except in ///, ///, and gh ; gr an Oriental guttural / gh another 
Oriental guttural ; y as in ^ard. Vowels are lengthened by a circumflex. Letters are 
only doubled when there is a distinct repetition of the original sound. All the syllables 
in words are usually accented equally. In the case of a few well-known names the 
familiar spelling is retained. 



The Executive Committee of the American Baptist Missionary Union herewith sub- 
mits its eighty-third annual report : 

Despite many difficulties the good hand of our God has been upon us. Our needs 
have been great ; our missions imperilled ; but for our various straits uncommon relief has 
been provided. In the Committee's report of last year the conviction was expressed 
that with the prospect of continued financial distress we should find ourselves peculiarly 
shut up to God, and therefore it became us as a people to make the year a season of 
real, explicit, and continuous prayer for divine interposition. We besought all fiiends 
of the cause to join us in constant petition, while we at the rooms should continue like- 
wise in earnest supplications. 

Our last anniversary marked the third stage at which we were compelled to report 
an overwhelming debt, — at the close of 1893-94, $203,000 ; at the close of 1894-95, 
5189,000; at the close of 1895-96, $163,000, — and we were just entering the year of 
a presidential campaign most critical in its issues. In that campaign financial questions 
were at the fore. With many another benevolent society we were truly at our wit's end. 
This extremity we acknowledged. Thanks be unto God, however, who hath heard our 
cries and sustained us hitherto ! Many have been the assurances that prayer in the 
churches has been widespread and specific for our distress. A considerable list of 
churches has been reported as having an established and regular concert for intercession 
in behalf of this world-wide cause. At the rooms the various forms which the spirit of 
devotion has taken on have been numerous and peculiar. They are known to God, and 
He has been faithful to His promises. The most specific answers have been repeatedly 
given : courage has been bestowed when we were ready to faint ; and tokens of no com- 
mon sort vouchsafed, that God has a care for this work consonant with the vast responsi- 
bilities which it imposes. He has raised up friends in our hour of need in a way so 
unexpected as ought to silence lingering doubts that God can forget His own in any hour 
of trial, however extreme. 

Growing out of the situation at the last anniversary, the Union's " Finance Com- 
mittee " presented an unusual report. That report called for the formation of a Com- 
mission on Systematic Christian Beneficence which should take under its survey all 
departments of our general denominational activities, with a view to securing better 
results for all. The proposition of the Union was promptly accepted by the other 
denominational organizations, including the Woman's societies auxiliary to the Mis- 
sionary Union and to the Home Mission societies. This Commission early got to work 
and outlined a policy to be pursued, into which the representatives of all the societies 

252 Eighty-third Annual Report, 

entered with heartiness and zeal. The plans adopted and which were carried out last 
year embraced the following features : (i) Four meetings of the Commission itself, held 
in New York, Milwaukee, New York, and Philadelphia, respectively. (2) The visita- 
tion of all the State conventions in our field by representatives of the Commission as 
such. This visitation had in view the enlistment of all the conventions in the plans of 
the Commission ; the securing in each State the formation of a State Commission and 
ultimately the fonnation of such a Commission in every association and every local 
church. In this visitation to the State conventions specific pleas for the respective soci- 
eties were, for the time being, subordinated to the plea for the inauguration of an educa- 
tional campaign on the subject of Christian stewardship throughout the denomination. 

(3) The holding of four representative conferences in the interests of this object in four 
leading cities of the country ; namely, in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. 

(4) The preparation of a literature on the subject which should increase with the 
gix)wth of the movement, and the putting forth of suggested plans for the consideration 
01 such churches as were in need of a better method. 

In all this work representatives of the Union have heartily shared, and they bear 
glad witness to the happy results thus far realized. The genuine Christian fellowship 
which has strengthened month by month as we have met in prayer and counsel is beyond 
price, both in itself considered and as shedding a gracious influence over all our people. 
Our various societies, in spirit and aim, are one ; they have substantially the same con- 
stituencies ; the various lines of work followed by the several societies accent merely 
relationships in which we stand to our one Ix)rd ; they mark divisions of labor in the one 
vineyard rather than rival interests, of which some may be exalted and others depressed. 
Where the spirit of Christ enters truly, intelligently into the sen-ice of any department, 
it is one with the spirit of Christ in any and every other department. Each department 
exists for the other, and all exist for the Great Head of the Church. It has certainly 
been a delight to your representatives, and an occasion for devout gratitude to God as 
this year has passed, to discover on every hand a growing sympathy with the particular 
aspect of work called " foreign missions," on the part of all our sister societies and their 
advocates ; and this has been increasingly heightened, we doubt not, by the reciproca- 
tion of interest and sympathy with which the officers and representatives of the Union 
have adopted as their own every other department of the one work. This oneness of 
the body which has been realized in our denominational family is, perhaps, the most 
striking phenomenon of the year. So gracious have been its fruits thus far, and so much 
does it promise of good for the future, that we cannot doubt that the action of the Union 
at Asbury Park last year was peculiarly indited by the spirit of God. 

It is clear to your Committee that the enlargement of interest in world-wide evan- 
gelization cannot be secured in our great denominational body at home, except so far as 
the spirit of Christ itself is among us ; and what is more fundamental to the growth of 
this than the spirit of brotherhood? If we love not our brother who toils by our side in 
all these relations " whom we have seen," how can we love our brother in those distant 
lands " whom we have not seen " ? 

Although in nowise contemplated by us when the Commission was formed, we can 

Home Department* 258 

now readily see that the Lord was devising a way whereby a movement of great strength 
might be inaugurated for the payment of the debt not only of the Union, but also of the 
Home Mission Society. As the year progressed it became evident that although the 
offerings of the churches indicated a steady devotion to our work, yet, through the falling 
off in legacies, it was rendered certain that the large debt of $163,000 hanging over the 
Union would not only not be reduced, but would be largely augmented. A similar con- 
dition of things afflicted the Home Mission Society. 

Soon after the first series of the four conferences held by the Commission in Boston, 
and issuing from the spirit of brotherhood which that conference evinced, serious queries 
arose in the minds of influential friends and patrons of the Union, whether the hour was 
not ripe for inaugurating a plan for the raising of a sum of money sufficient to extinguish 
both the debts of the Union and the Home Mission Society by one fraternal and heroic 
effort. An unwonted prayerftilness took possession of those who were pondering this 
question. Special meetings were held on the subject. Parlors were opened in Boston 
and New York, and subsequently in numerous other places, to consider this important 
proposition. Strong laymen, whose support in previous crises had come to our rescue, 
made the cause their own. They offered generous subscriptions; fraternal interviews 
between the officers of the Missionary Union and the Home Mission Society became 
frequent ; indications of divine guidance multiplied ; and at length in a parlor confer- 
ence held at the home of Mr. John D. Rockefeller in New York, the denomination 
received the stirring announcement that Mr. Rockefeller, concurring with us that the 
hour was ripe for the undertaking of which others had been thinking and praying, would 
cheerfully contribute $250,000 towards the two debts of the Missionary Union and the 
Home Mission Society, provided that the denomination would make up by July i the 
remaining amount of $236,000,* which it was estimated would be needed to meet all 
claims of both societies on April i, 1897. 

Following this announcement the denomination in all parts of the country took new 
heart and hope. Public meetings and parlor conferences were held widely. Individual 
subscription books were circulated ; certain portions of the amount of money needed 
were assumed by districts, States, cities, churches, and individuals ; and up to the time that 
this report must go to press there is every indication that the willing hearts of the people 
will rise to the exigency, and our great societies soon go free from the burden of debt 
which four years of financial distress have imposed upon them. Surely, if in any period of 
our missionary history the Missionary Union has been signally blessed with the divine 
intervention, it has been the year just closed ! We raise another Ebenezer, and gratefully 
and hopefully pursue our way. 

VVe cannot dismiss this matter without expressing our grateful appreciation of the 
fraternal and tender way in which our sister societies have cooperated with us in this 
emergency. The Home Mission Society has evinced the largest appreciation of our 
department of service ; likewise the Publication Society, which, having urgent demands of 
its own to provide for, and unsolicited, postponed a prominent enterprise while this 
general effort to pay these great debts was pending. Such signs are prophetic of what is 

* The amount found to be needed when the books of both societies were closed, April i, was really $225,000. 


Eighty-third Annual Report, 

possible in Christian achievement, of what resources are yet resident in a vital Christianity 
— even at a time when some, too easily desponding, even prophesy all sorts of evil of our 
nineteenth century Christianity, and of its long-time organized missions. Who can 
doubt that what we have just seen is but a hint of unspeakably greater things — in 
brotherly concord, in financial achievement, and in missionary triumphs — yet possible to 
us? It would seem that nothing could stand against a united Christian host in whom 
love rules. 

The Executive Committee organized June 8, 1896, by reelecting Rev. Henry M. 
King, D.D., as Chairman, and Rev. Edmund F. Merriam as Recording Secretary. 
Charles H. Moulton, Esq., of Waltham, Mass., resigned his membership in the Committee 
early in the year on account of the pressure of other duties, and Dudley P. Bailey, Esq., 
of Everett, Mass., was elected to fill the vacancy. Twenty-four meetings have been held. 
Rev. Samuel W. Duncan, D.D., and Rev. Henry C. Mabie, D.D., have continued their 
service as Corresponding Secretaries, and Rev. Edmund F. Merriam as Editorial 

On the first of January the Committee resumed the publication of the " Baptist Mis- 
sionary Magazine," which since January i, 1877, had been published by Mr. Wendell G. 
Corthell, under a contract made with the Union at that time. Steps were at once taken 
for the enlargement and improvement of the Magazine to adapt it more fully to the 
expanding and increasing needs of the Union ; and the Editorial Secretary was requested 
to assume charge of the publication. Reduced prices for clubs were also made. The 
subscription list of the Magazine has already largely grown. Many churches have already 
formed clubs for the Magazine on the basis of fifty cents a year for clubs equal to ten p)er 
cent, of the members of any church \ and the increased interest in this, our oldest Baptist 
periodical in America, gives promise of yet larger gains in circulation and in usefulness. 


The Treasurer has received during the year from all sources the sum of $467,101.89, 
as follows : 

Donations ..... 

Legacies ...... 

Woman's Society, East ... 
Woman's Society of the West 
Woman's Societv of California . 
Woman's Society of Oregon 
Bible Day Collection .... 

Additions to Permanent Funds and Bond Accounts 
Income of Funds ...... 

Gordon Memorial Fund ..... 

Rent of Mission Property in Siam 

$258,298 95 

45»740 59 

75*985 23 

30*770 13 

1,766 43 

385 00 

1,321 44 

15,140 00 

36,322 66 

558 82 

812 64 

$467,101 89 

Collection Districts. 256 


»propriations for the year 1896-97 l^S^o^^SS 5^ 

Ided to Permanent Funds and Bond Accounts 15,140 00 

ibt, April I, 1896 163,827 (i2i 

*759>823 21 

Debt, April i, 1897 {292,721 32 

The donations were received from the following localities : Maine, {39923.05 ; New 
impshire, {2,571.34 ; Vermont, {2,705.13 ; Massachusetts, {45,949.77 ; Rhode Island, 
,043.85; Connecticut, {8,586.89 ; New York, {64,085.22; New Jersey, {11,821.41; 
nnsylvania, {27,172.92 ; Delaware, {441.14; District of Columbia, {1,794.68; Mary- 
id, {28.67 ; Virginia, {159.40 ; West Virginia, {1,335.82 ; Ohio, {27,316.73 ; Indiana, 
,372.46; Illinois, {19,927.25; Iowa, {3,789.67; Michigan, {6,083.10; Minnesota, 
,764.82; Wisconsin, {8,532.15; Missouri, {944.70; Kansas, {2,921.30; Nebraska, 
,044.66; Colorado, {1,317.90; California, {5,159.64; Oregon, {1,146.38; North 
ikota, {278.23; South Dakota, {897.08; Washington, {1,331.68: Nevada, {48; 
aho, {75.23 ; Wyoming, {68.55 \ Utah, {36.90; Montana, {199.35 '> Arkansas, {52.50; 
izona, {23.50; Indian Territory, {329.17; Oklahoma, {181.46; New Mexico, {47; 
itish Columbia, {132.35 ; Nova Scotia, {10 ; Canada, {i ; North Carolina, {30; South 
irolina, $45.24; Kentucky, $15; Tennessee, {47; Louisiana, {12.70; Georgia, {i ; 
orida, {20 ; Alabama, {35.67 ; Mississippi, {5 ; Texas, {10; Norway, {64.29 ; Denmark, 
,02.65; Sweden, {540; England, {20; Spain, {7.82; Burma, {6,215.92; Assam, 
^05. 26; China, {1,245.48; Japan, {1,868.09; India, {6,766.69; Congo, {73.50; 
laska, {3.66 ; Miscellaneous, {3,209.93. 

In the District Secretaryships, the following changes have occurred : Rev. W. E. 
knitter was invited to take charge of the New England District, succeeding the late 
imented Dr. McKenzie. Marked blessing has attended the service of Bro. Witter in 
lis important field. The Middle Western District vacated by Mr. Witter was divided 
id assigned to Secretaries Clark and Peterson respectively, the States of Nebraska 
ci Wyoming being added to Dr. Clark*s district and the State of Iowa being added to 
o. Peterson's district. Rev. E. E. Chivers, after a service of two years and four months 
oharge of the New York District, to the deep regret of the Committee resigned his 
arge to accept the General Secretaryship of the Baptist Young People's Union of 
ci erica. Dr. Chivers' service was very effective and highly appreciated by the Com- 
^tee, but the demand made upon him was so strong, and the prospects of service for 
^ssions so large in the work for Young People, that we were compelled to acquiesce in 
^ decision. 


7he J)lew England District. — Rev. W. K. Witter, District Secretary. 

*• No one can fill his place/' So reads the report of Rev. John E. Cummings, of Henthada, 
»^rma, who rendered such efficient service as acting District Secretary during the closing weeks 
rf the last fiscal year. He was speaking of him who through twenty-four years of loving and 


Eighty-third Annual. Report. 

inspiring ministry as their District Secretary of the Missionary Union so endeared himself to the 
hearts of New England Baptists. We are reaping where Dr. McKenzie so broadly, so devot- 
edly sowed the living Word. The harvests of many years will show the fruits of his labors. 
He ** yet speaketh,'' and we have seemed to hear his voice in the warm welcomes we have 
received from all parts of the field. 

We began our work in the middle of August, spending the first month in the State of 
Maine, where Secretary Dunn not only planned for us our entire trip, but aided in every pos- 
sible way to make our introduction to Maine Baptists a pleasant and profitable one. We also 
record with deep gratitude the helpful courtesy and warm support of workers in all departments of 
our interrelated interests — Editorial, Publication, Sabbath School, State and Home Missions. 

Fifty-one Associational Secretaries were soon at our command, and to their unrequited and 
unselfish assistance is due to a large extent the financial outcome of the year. These with 
earnest pastors and missionaries — Thomas, Cummings, and Chute — have rendered high service 
to the cause of missions in public addresses, and their tactful presentation of these great claims 
of Christ upon His people has been honored by Him. 

The suggestive apportionment plan has been cordially received, and our report would be 
unjust did it not recognize the special efforts and real sacrifices made in very many of our 
churches, especially the smaller churches. Sabbath Schools, and Young People's Societies to 
reach, and even exceed, the amounts asked for. 

Miss Ella D. MacLaurin, whose special department is among the Young People, has also 
been used of God to greatly advance the general work among the churches, and very many have 
been led through her words and influence to experience the joys and privileges of Christian 

During the latter part of the year we have had some very efficient assistance in furnishing 
speakers for Missionary Concerts from students of Newton Theological Seminary and other 
institutions, by application to Mr. G. M. Fisher, President of the Student Volunteer League of 

Drs. Duncan and Mabie and Mr. Merriam, while hard pressed in their own departments, 
have helped us to reach a number of important Associational gatherings and individual churches. 

Of the 977 churches, with 747 pastors, 628 sent in offerings to the Union, either directly 
or through individuals. Sabbath Schools, or Young People's Societies. This represents a gain 
over last year in the number contributing of 15 churches, 44 Sabbath Schools, and 108 Young 
People's Societies, with a gain in the totals of receipts from each of these departments. Lega- 
cies, as anticipated, have been less. 



New Hampshire . . . 


Massachusetts . . . . 

Rhode Island 





$2,843 70 
2,188 23 
2,192 15 

29.430 31 

3»734 90 
5,889 48 

$328 96 
48 86 

>95 53 
M16 95 

345 98 
359 02 

$46,278 77 

$2,695 30 

V. P. 

Societies. Individuals. Legacies. 


$2,695 30, $4,826 67 $15,228 50 $30,897 26j $34,411 49 

The above amounts include the oflfenngs toward the Gordon Memorial Fund. 


^7»395 54 
4,321 50 

3.984 17 
90,194 29 

15.565 91 
12,876 58 

^134.337 99 

Collection Districts* 


The Southern New York District. — Rev. E. E. Chivers, D.D., resigned the Secre- 
taryship of this district to become Secretary of the Baptist Young People's Union of 
America, but continued his services to March 31. Rev. A. H. Burlingham, D.D., for- 
merly Secretary, is attending to the correspondence of the office, pending the making of 
other arrangements. Dr. Chivers reports : 

Through another year it has been my privilege to present the cause of world-wide mis- 
sions to the churches of this district, disseminating in every way within my power missionary 
information, and seeking to quicken Christian beneficence. 

On account of the long-continued financial depression, the work of gathering money has 
been exceptionally difficult. Other causes, perhaps, have combined with the stringency of the 
times to increase the difficulty. The forms of beneficent and philanthropic activity have multi- 
plied so rapidly that our churches find it difficult to respond to the continual and varied ap- 
peals. Too often in this multitude of calls all sense of perspective and proportion is lost sight 
of. Each claim that is presented is regarded simply as a call, without much thought as to its 
specific or relative importance. The claims of world-wide missions thus fall into the back- 

Foreign missions, too, have recently been under fire of criticism. The critical and ques- 
tioning spirit of our times is asking questions of all sorts about the missionary enterprise, and 
discussing alike the urgent need of it, and its methods and results. There are very many in our 
churches who, while they recognize in general terms their duty to give the Gospel to every creat- 
ure, have, notwithstanding, no strong or moving conviction concerning it. 

The diminution in total results from this district is more in seeming than in reality. The 
increase in donations of last year was due almost entirely to the contribution of $50,000 from a 
generous donor, who this year has made the unprecedented offer of $250,000 for the extinction 
of the debts of our great societies. 

In the table of statistics as given only $20,000 is credited to this source. Some of the 
churches, too, from which large contributions are usually received have delayed their offering, 
intending to combine in one call their usual and their special appeal. When the reports are 
received from these it will be seen that, notwithstanding the stringency of the times, the offer- 
ings from the churches will have been fully maintained. 

I desire in closing this report to express my appreciation of the privilege which I have en- 
joyed for two years of representing our Missionary Union, and to express the hope that in my 
new relations I may be able to render a still larger service. 




V. P. 


T Woman s 

Legacies. c • » 
* Society. 

New York , $37,160 80 

New Jersey 4,558 57 

$1,141 69 $1,085 ^ $2,895 75 
635 90 170 87 ' 1,212 00 


$973 87 $10,477 05 ^53.734 76 


$4«.7'9 37 i$i»>77 59 $1,256 47 $4,107 75 

5»3i3 89 

$973 87 I $15,790 94 

11,891 23 

$65,625 99 

The New York Central District. — Rev. O. O. Fletcher, D.D., District Secretary. 

The year just closed has been one of unusual toil and anxiety ; but your Secretary has 
found compensation in the many tokens of increasing interest in missions and the evident 
fellowship of the pastors in this work. Consideration of tlie financial results alone might not 


Eighty-third Annual Report. 

suggest such growth ; but a comparison of the returns with the financial condition of the 
churches will justify the conclusion. From churches and individuals, Sunday Schools and 
Y. P. Societies, the returns are a little in excess of last year. The excess would have been 
larger but that a number of offerings were received just too late to be included. . The falling off 
has been in legacies, the receipts from this source being over $ii,ooo less than two years 
since and $8,000 less than last year. 

In this district there are 730 churches ; of these 163 report a membership of 50 and under, 
and 65 have fewer than 31 members each. Contributions have been received from 501 
churches, 131 Sunday Schools and 163 Y. P. Societies — an increase respectively over last 
year of eight per cent., thirty per cent., and seventy-five per cent. This increase would have 
been greater but that not a few remitted too late for insertion. I am convinced that the 
offerings represent more givers and greater sacrifice than those of the previous years of my 
service. The contributions of the Sunday-schools and the Y. P. Societies are valuable not only 
for the amount received, but also for the training imparted. 

Missionaries have given much aid and liave been welcomed by the churches. Your Secretary 
is under special obligations to Brother Witter, of the New England District, and to Miss Mac- 
Laurin. But it will be permitted him to say that the help rendered by the brethren who have 
served as Associational Secretaries has been most felt. It would have been impossible to do 
the work of the past year without their assistance. They have written churches, sent out circu- 
lars, addressed meetings, arranged conferences, and in numberless other ways have greatly 
aided the work. Much has been done by and still more may be expected from the State Com- 
mission. To pastors and the officers of Sunday Schools and Y. P. Societies I owe more than I 
can indicate for their kindly and prompt response to letters and calls for offerings. 

The call of the hour is for a completer relation of the Christian to Christ and His purpose 
for the world. The characteristic phase of present teaching and activity seeks the development 
of **the neglected grace." Pastors and churches evince an increasing consciousness of 
responsibility for the training of all church members to take part according to ability in sup- 
porting all the work of the church, missions included. Here it may be .said that churches have 
most kindly received intimation as to the amount to be sought for this cause. 

Much interest is shown in the effort making to remove the indebtedness. Pastors have 
been nobly forward to begin this without awaiting letter or visit from the Secretary. 

Travel and correspondence have been heavier this year than formerly. Following is the 
statement of contributions : 


New York 

Churches and Sundav 

V. P. 

Individuals. Schools. : Societies. 




$17,842 02 , $1,550 29 $2,522 73 $4,061 55 , $12,64391 j $38,620 50 

The Southern District, — Frank S. Dobbins, District Secretary. 

There has been some slight advance in the giving of this year over preceding years, even 
though every financial interest has suffered more in this region than in other years. That there 
has not been a greater increase is not due to slackening interest in missions. There is a deeper, 
a more intelligent interest now than ever before. The pastors far more generally show an 

Collection Districts* 


Enthusiasm for world-wide missions than ever before. The criticisms of mission work come 
^rom a fewer number and are far less difficult to meet than hitherto. 

One puzzling question, which one hopes the Board of Managers will soon study and report 
^pon, is that of ••specific gifts." The support of native preachers, or of missionaries, the 
direct appeals to the churches from the fields, and all the details of the question need carefiil 
consideration. To minimize the harm and to increase the good done by specific giving, to 
utilize it to stimulate to giving which is more liberal in several senses, surely is worth painstaking 

The contributions are as follows : 


Pennsylvania and 

New Jersey, Four 

Oistrict of Columbia 

States South, and 
Miscellaneous . . . 


^- i Sunday 

Churches. Schools. 

111,598 47 

3»494 08 
«.347 32 

187 45' 

$960 19 

360 46 
23 08 

Y P 
Societies ' Individuals. 

1^16,627 32 $1,343 73 

$1,243 20 

406 i6| 
224 28 

$14,505 00 

280 00 
200 00 

303 00 

$1,873 641 $15,288 00 



$i»944 50 

$8,836 15 

500 ool 3,336 63 
187 001 865 70 

$2,631 50; $13,038 48 


^9,087 5« 

8.377 3 
2,847 3 

490 45 

$50,802 67 

Note. — Not a few of the Sunday School gifts are sent through the church treasurers, along with the 
church offerings, and at times the same thing is true with respect to the gifts of Young People's Societies. 

The Middle District. — Rev. T. G. Field, District Secretary. 

During the year this district was greatly blessed, in May and June last, in the presence of 
Miss Emma Inveen. Later, during the fall Associations, Rev. Dr. F. A. Remley, of Iowa, 
gave many addresses on European Missions. The Denison Mission Band has rendered larger 
and more efficient cooperation in 1896 than in 1895. 

Comparing the totals of this year, it will be seen that in donations there is a gain of $6,343.84 
in Ohio, and in West Virginia of $81.18 over last year. 

The State Commission of Systematic Beneficence in Ohio is thoroughly organized. It has 
the hearty assent of the great body of pastors and laymen, and hopes to make substantial 
gains, in the future exhibits of the Christian ministry, of money. 

The large proportion of individual gifts in the Ohio tables bears evidence to the godliness 
and generositv of Christian business men in the State. 

States. ' Churches. 


West Virginia, 

$7,818 76 
i.'3i 37 


$612 09 
71 60 





$983 64 $17,915 70 
34 03; 78 00 


Total for 

Total for 




; ^27,330 I9| 

$100 00 1,436 00| 

$4,851 96 $32,182 15 
309 20! 1,745 20 

Totals ... $8,950 13 ^83 69 $1,017 671 $17,993 701 $100 00 $28,766 19 $5,161 16 $33,927 35 



Eighty-third Annual Report, 

The Lake District, — Rev. J. S. Boyden, District Secretary. 

The disturbed financial conditions of the country during the past year were not only inten- 
sified, but made extremely sensitive by the political discussions of the presidential campaign. 
Through four months of this agitation it seemed as if the streams of benevolence were dry to 
the very source. In this severe test of faith many churches and pastors suffered, apparently, 
to the extreme limit. The records of the year show 236 churches in the district without 
pastors, largely resulting from the previous depressions in rural churches. 

These conditions have rendered the work of the Secretary not only difllicult, but often 
extremely delicate. Just how to be courageously loyal to our Lord and faithful to Gospel stew- 
ardship with pastors and churches has been, in these times of financial distress, a source of 
careful thought, great anxiety, and continued prayer to Him. 

Let it be faithfully recorded in honor of the many brave men in the pulpit and the pew 
who stood this strain and test of faith. God puts such in the fore- front of battle, in the great 
victories of the Kingdom. The crown awaits the victor in God's own time. 

In personal visits on this work, with more than three hundred pastors, there has often 
appeared great loyalty to our Lord and His work, giving inspiration to more £siithful service ; 
counting it a luxury to be in the service of the Master, even in the most trying surroundings. 

It is gratifying to note, in the accompanying statement, that only a slight decrease in the 
contributions of the churches is shown. In most cases the contributions have been smaller, yet 
there have been more of them. With only few notable exceptions, contributions have come 
from churches having pastors. Of these churches about eighty- four per cent, have sent in at 
least an annual offering to the work. 

There is a noticeable revival of the old-time monthly ** Concert of Prayer for Missions." 
Under various forms this is now observed by more than two hundred churches in this district. 
If some condensed statements of the work our missionaries are doing and how they do it could 
be given by them in the form of leaflets and available for use in these meetings, it would greatly 
stimulate the interest in the work among the church members and lead many Christians to pray 
daily at the home altars for them and their work. 

It is believed we are now entering a period of general awaking of Gospel ideas and practice 
of Christian stewardship. 

The following table will show, as far as figures will, the results of the year: 


No. of 

Indiana . 





No. of 





^3.095 29 
5.599 24 

606 $8,694 53 


Y. P. 


Schools. . Societies. 1 Circles. 

$195 59 
257 83 


$84 18 , $2,050 27 ! $5^5 33. 
230 05 3»i35 43 9.222 55 

$453 42 I $314 23 $5,185 70 I $14,647 8^ 

The Western District. — Rev. C. F. Tolnian, D.D., District Secretary. 

There is always a degree of satisfaction in tabulated results. It is true that the seed which- 
has been sown has not all matured into the harvest which is represented by columns of figures. 
Yet the seed of earlier sowing must be taken into account. The following table shows a com — 

Collection Districts. 


mendable increase in the contributions from the churches in both States which comprise the 
Western District: 




Totals . 


^10,088 39 
3,607 06 

^>3»695 45 


^1,450 39 
45 83 

Y. P. 



$885 19 $8,505 60 
66 01 1,019 25 

Legacies. « . . Totals. 

11,496 22 i $951 20 

^,524 85 

I292 50 
5.553 14 

$5,845 64 

$7,980 08 i $29,202 15 
3,160 03; 13,451 32 

$11,140 II i $42,653 47 

To be sure there is some falling off in the Department of the Young People, where we all 
delight to mark an increase. Yet we are persuaded that their gifts have been gathered and re- 
ported in connection with the church contributions. The income of the Missionary Union has 
been larger in the States of Wisconsin and Illinois than during the previous year, and this 
despite the continued pressure in the financial world. There must therefore have been an in- 
crease of the spirit of giving and a growing recognition of stewardship in order to produce 
these results. 

It has been the purpose of the District Secretary to deepen the divine consciousness of God's 
ownership and man's stewardship. In every sermon, address, or circular this principle in one 
form or another has found place. When we shall be able to impress every Baptist in our land 
with the fact that he has received the divine appointment as a steward of Jesus Christ, and that 
the Master cannot carry on His Kingdom without consecrated money, we shall have reached 

The Secretary has taken very few contributions during the year. In his visits to Con- 
ventions and Associations he has talked stewardship. In his visits to the churches he has 
always desired to go one or two weeks before the contribution should be taken, clearly present 
the work of world-wide evangelization, and then leave the responsibility with pastor and people. 
No offering has been made under the pressure of our financial condition. The whole trend of 
teaching has been along the line of worshipful giving — giving as related to Jesus Christ. 

As we look over in detail the different associations and churches, we are glad to note a large 
increase in the number of givers. In some associations ranked as anti-mission we find the first 
contribution. Many persons whose fathers taught them that it was a sin to give money for the 
cause of Christ have grown into a better understanding of the divine plan and purpose, and 
gladly begun to worship the Lord as He was first worshipped by the wise men from the East. 
Increased giving, therefore, in a time of such financial depression, is indicative of a conviction. 
When this grows and becomes general in an association it will have its influence. There are 
hopeful signs for those sections of this district where nothing has been given to Christ for world- 
wide evangelization until recently. While .some of the churches made smaller contributions under 
the plea that they were going to make large gifts for the removal of the debt, possibly some 
others increased their offerings, thinking that money given at once would glorify God and reduce 
the debt to be raised at the close of the year. 

Valuable service has been rendered by Rev. C. B. Antisdel and Dr. W. H. Leslie from 
Africa. Their words have been heard with pleasure and -profit. 

The Conference on Christian Stewardship held in Immanuel Baptist Church, Chicago, 
under the au.spices of the Commission on Systematic Beneficence, was very profitable. The 

262 Eighty-third Annual Report, 

Baptists belonging to a single local church constitute but one family. All the varied interests 
of each individual interest the others. This same principle is becoming apparent in the denom- 
ination. All churches rightly related to our Lord and His work are interested in the upbuild- 
ing of His Kingdom in our own land and the conquest of the world for Christ. The churches, 
therefore, rejoice in the growing together of our great mi.ssionary organizations in the study of 
Christian stewardship. This helps the finances of the local church and furthers city and State 
work, as well as ministers unto the necessities of the world lying in darkness. 

The Northwestern District. — Rev. Frank Peterson, District Secretary. 

Since writing my last annual report the boundary lines of the Northwest District have been 
pushed out to take in the great State of Iowa. This State, of which I took charge in August 
last, added more than four hundred and fifty churches to my field and nearly doubled the work. 
The district now comprises the States of Iowa, Minnesota, North and South Dakota, Montana, 
and Idaho ; making a territory large enough to contain all of France and the German Empire, 
and still have enough to make a State as large as Massachusetts. 

I felt that it would be no easy task to take up the work after such a man as Dr. Witter. I 
knew, however, that I could count on the loyalty of a State which has furnished to the fields in 
the ** regions beyond " so many devoted and illustrious missionaries as has the State of Iowa. 
Such people would never turn a deaf ear to the Macedonian cry of dying millions, nor become 
indifferent to the great Commission. I can now, after eight months of cooperation, gladly say 
that my fullest hopes have been realized. The pastors have deemed it an honor to plead the 
cause of their Master, and thus cast out the life-line to a perishing world. 

Systematic Beneficence. — The States are thoroughly alive to the movement inaugu- 
rated by the creation of the Commission on Systematic Beneficence. State committees have 
been appointed by all the State conventions, and a session of each will be given for the consid- 
eration of this great question of the hour. The most cordial and fraternal relations exist between 
the representatives of the National societies and the State conventions. I believe there is with 
us all a fuller realization of the fact that the work is one, and that it is all for Christ. 

The conferences on Systematic Beneficence, held throughout the country, have made their 
influence felt even to the remoter parts of the land. They have helped to hold this important 
matter before the people in a way which no other means or method could do. A new doctrine 
and duty have been opened to the vision of many. A similar meeting was held lately at Iowa 
Falls, planned and arranged for by the energetic pastor. Rev. J. W. Crooks. It was both in- 
structive and inspiring, and will, I trust, have an important bearing on the future beneficence in 
the State. 

A Trying Wititer. — Great difficulties have been experienced in the northern part of 
Minnesota, the Dakotas, Montana, and the farther West on account of the unusual depth of 
snow and the frequent *• blizzards "• which have blockaded the railroads and sealed up the 
country roads to the extent that the communication has been cut off for weeks at a time, thus 
greatly retarding the religious work. This was especially so during the months of February' 
and March when most churches take up their offering to missions. That the contributions 
have been seriously hindered by these causes there is no doubt. 

Assistance. — The attendance of Dr. Mabie at the conventions of .Minnesota and Iowa 
was very helpful and uplifting to the»work in every way. Your Secretary has been very effi- 
ciently assisted by the faithful Associational Secretaries, who have stood loyally to the cause and 
rendered invaluable help. Rev. W. G. Silke, late of Western China, has done a good work in 

Collection Districts. 


Southern Iowa, where his visits among the churches proved a great stimulus to the cause of 
beneficence. Minnesota's beloved missionary. George Warner, spent some time doing a very 
excellent work among the churches of Minnesota. He has our thanks. Mr. F. S. Abemethy, 
chairman of the Committee on Western China, no less a missionary, has given evidence of a 
deep devotion to the cause and proved himself a capable leader of the young people in enlisting 
their cooperation in the work in Western China, a* field preempted by the young men of Min- 

The contributions from the Northwest District are about the same as last year. Iowa will 
show a diminution, while the others are above the mark of the year before. Below is a tabu- 
lated statement : 


Minnesota . . . 


South Dakota 
North Dakota 


Montana . 


2,752 98 

731 34 
243 18 

33 43 
98 15 

Totals ^7»754 3' 


10 00 

U91 34 

Y. P. 


$639 67 $1,043 90 

290 44 '■■ 355 34 
64 27 I 63 61 

5 25 : 4 00 

10 20 

$1,009 83 

30 00 

Woman's 1 
Society. ' 

13,908 II 

2,505 27 

357 23 
183 90 

56 80 

- - f 

$1,496 85 j $7.01 1 31 



^.765 72 
6,172 65 

1.249 31 
443 38 

33 43 
205 15 

$17,869 64 

TTie Southwestern District. — Rev. I. N. Clark, D.D., District Secretary. 

Stirring affairs have occupied the attention and agitated the thought of the people during 
this fiscal year. The occurrence of a national election and exciting discussions diverts the 
attention from great religious and benevolent questions. At such a time more than ordinary 
diligence seems requisite to hold the sympathy of the people in effective support of missionary 

By the favor of our Lord bestowed upon both field and workers, our cause has moved 
steadily forward, not with the rapidity and cumulative force its friends earnestly desired. It is 
pleasant to note, however, that the spirit of missions has suffered no serious abatement or retro- 
gression in any portion of the district, while in some sections substantial victories have been 

The District Secretary has been able to give every day of the year to the service of the 
Union without hindrance or interruption, having travelled 39,000 miles, given 315 missionary 
sermons and addresses, attended 32 Associational meetings and State and Territorial conven- 
tions, besides visiting many churches in different parts of the field. 

Systematic giving in its Scriptural ness, its relation to material and spiritual prosperity, 
its relation to the present need and ever-increasing demands of the Kingdom of Christ, has 
been steadily pressed upon the attention of the churches. While the offerings from the 
churches in some instances have fallen below those of the preceding year, yet it is stimulating 
to note that the number of contributing churches has been materially increased. There is 
also a marked increase in the number of contributors in the churches. There is an encourag- 
ing forward movement in this direction among the young people and in the Sunday Schools. 
Missionary literature has been generously distributed among the pastors and churches. 


Eighty-third Annual Report. 

The Associational Secretaries have been uniformly cordial and efficient in aiding to get this 
great work before the churches and congregations. 

The financial footings are much smaller than we hoped for ; but to those who are familiar 
with the financial stringency pressing so heavily upon the limited resources of these new States 
and Territories it is not surprising. Indeed, the surprise is rather that the footings are not less. 
True, Elastern Kansas and Nebraska were favored with an immense corn-crop ; but the price 
which it commands is distressingly low, seven to fifteen cents per bushel. Think of seventy 
dollars for one thousand bushels of corn I Ten dollars, or at best fifteen, for one hundred 
bushels. If it is remembered that in most instances this was very nearly the only crop pro- 
duced, and out of it must come the support of the family, with added taxes and often interest 
on mortgages, it will be easily seen that the margin for missionary offerings is quite limited. 
No complaint comes to me so often as the painful regret that we ** cannot do more."" It may 
be truly stated that in no section of our country has the missionary enterprise more cardial 
sympathy and warmer supporters than in the Southwestern District. 

Our receipts for the year ending March 3 1 tabulate as follows : 







Indian Territory. . . 


New Mexico 






52,094 40 

^5 35 














$181 19 
28 13 

55 23 


2 50 

V. P. 


$151 30 
121 65 

56 13 
I 00 

16 10 


Woman's : 


^39 19 I %Z9^ 57 
! 299 77 

>o 00 ; 55 53 
8 00 

W. S. W. 

TotaU $3,735 96 

5 00 

3 00 

135 26 

24 75 

5 55 
45 00 

I 00 

52 50 

$284 94 ^01 73 $52 19 I $973 38 

I830 70 

1,297 48 

647 28 

21 44 

32 00 

5 00 

26 00 

2 00 


$2,866 90 


$3,752 00 

2,615 3^ 

1,695 76 

89 99 

68 90 

343 >7 
205 30 

49 30 
48 00 
28 50 
46 00 

$8,942 30 

The Pacific Coast District, — Rev. J. Sunderland, D.D., District Secretary. 

The experiences of each succeeding year intensify the conviction that the great need of this 
cause is a more steady and generous flow from the churches into its treasury, year after year, 
— a flow to be depended upon, like the flow from our deep artesian wells, with little variation 
for seasons or external conditions. If our church flow was fed by the deep streams of knowl- 
edge and conviction, held in solution in the love of God, it would be steady. 

But here is where we find our great disappointments. Churches are led up towards this by 
intelligent, wise, and faithful pastors, and you begin to feel that they can be depended upon. 
Perhaps a change of pastor comes, or some internal crisis, and they drop back — Church, Sunday 
School, and Young People's Society — nearly where they were years before, and the whole work 
has to be done over again. It is painful to consider how very few of our churches will meet 
their obligations to this cause in any adequate degree, except under the lead of an earnest and 
determined pastor. 

Collection Districts. 


Yet, on the other hand, one finds not a few delightful surprises, where Churches, Young 
People's Societies, Sunday Schools, and individuals respond to their own deep convictions, or to 
the leading of faithful pastors, in a most generous way. Both of these experiences have been 
repeated many times in this district the past year. 

These experiences emphasize two things : 

1 . The need of a better missionary training of the churches, which shall make the mem- 
bers more intelligent, that the great missionary principles of God's Word may live in their lives. 

2. It emphasizes the vital relation of the pastor to missions. The present measure of 
success in missions is due to him more than to all other human agencies. Its want of success 
is also chiefly due to him. Given all pastors what some are in missionary efficiency, and a 
revolution in missions would soon follow. 

The great distances in this district render its cultivation difficult. The limits from the cen- 
tre to the farthest church are: to the southward 620 miles, and to the northward 1,080 miles. 

The measure of success attained must be attributed to the supplementing of the work of 
the District Secretary by the wise labor of a large corps of faithful and self-sacrificing Associa- 
tional Secretaries, in addition to many most excellent missionary pastors. 

The year past has been one of much difficulty in rai.sing money for this cause. The excite- 
ment of the political campaign largely crowded out interest in the things of the Kingdom. 
Financial conditions have been unfavorable. Many have been out of employment, and money 
has been scarce. In several localities this has brought a condition of depression. Churches 
have been crippled in their home work, and their ability to help the missionary cause much 

While laboring for, and hoping for, an increase upon the previous year's receipts, we were not 
{>ermitted to see it. There has been a small falling off to the Union from $8,088.88 to $7,822. 13. 
There has been no falling off from the churches, however : a personal gift the previous year, 
which was not repeated the past year, more than makes the difference. There has been a slight 
decrease in California and Oregon, and an increase in Washington, British Columbia, and 
Nevada. The Young People's Societies liave increased nearly $200, while the Sunday Schools 
have fallen off nearly the same amouut. 

Rev. H. P. Cochrane, of Burma, rendered efficient help, visiting about twenty churches, and 
speaking with acceptance. Rev. J. M. Foster, of China, gave practical assistance in many ways. 

The Home for Missionaries' children at Burton, Washington, under the care of Rev. and 
Mrs. S. W. Beaven, is steadily growing in the confidence and esteem to which its merits entitle it. 

The following table gives the amounts and sources of receipts for the year : 





British Columbia 
>\ W.Idaho.... 



$3,262 92 

765 87 

1,069 22 

121 85 

37 35 
29 00 


3342 90 

57 35 

"4 57 

10 50 


10 00 

V. P. 



$659 25 5895 85 

171 86 ' 99 30 

79 44 60 30 

25 00 

Total to the ^Voman's 
Missionary Societies. 

35,160 92 
1,094 38 

1.323 53 

132 35 

62 95 

48 00 

$5,286 21 $544 92 $910 55 $i,oSo 45 '$7,822 13 

32,267 34 

473 44 

353 94 
65 00 

33,159 72 


37,428 26 

1,567 82 

i»677 47 

197 35 
62 95 

48 00 

$10,981 85 

266 Eighty-third Annual Report* 


The work in the Foreign Field has been faithfully prosecuted, though at great 
disadvantage resulting from reduced appropriations and the failure to provide reenforce- 
ments at points where additions to the staff of workers were sorely needed. Abundant 
tokens of divine blessing upon the labors of your missionaries have not been wanting. 
At most of the stations of the Union baptisms are reported and the ratio of increase has 
been maintained. 

The most prominent feature in the survey of the year's work is the unusual awakening 
in China. A marvellous change has occurred in the disposition and attitude of the 
stolid and conservative Chinese. In the place of utter apathy, if not hostility, to the 
foreign religious teachers there has sprung up an apparently earnest desire to learn 
the merits and meaning of Christianity. This movement is not confined to any one 
locality or mission, but is making itself manifest in all parts of the empire. There has 
been nothing comparable to the present state of feeling since the Gospel gained an 
entrance into the Flowery Kingdom. Following so closely upon the recent hostile 
uprisings against missionaries, one can hardly fail to discern in all this a Divine Agency 
which would seem to suggest that the set time to favor China is come. Our own 
missions are richly sharing in this spiritual quickening, as will be seen from the reports 
from China which follow. 

The Telugu Mission has suffered to some extent from the famine which has 
afflicted India. In a few stations the distress has been very great. The additional 
labors thus imposed upon missionaries of the Union in providing for the sick and 
destitute has interfered with touring and other station work, but at the same time Christ 
has been most effectively proclaimed by the prompt and sympathetic aid rendered in His 
name for the relief of suffering. In this connection hearty recognition should be made 
of the extraordinary services of the "Christian Herald " of New York in behalf of famine- 
stricken India. Under its leadership not only have large sums of money been collected, 
but shiploads of grain have been forwarded where most needed. Of the "Christian 
Herald" relief fund the sum of $5,500 has been sent to the treasury of the Union for 
distribution through its missionaries in sums of $500 at points most affected. In addition 
to this large donation, gifts of small sums have been received from churches, Sunday- 
schools, and individuals for the same object. We desire hereby to convey our thanks to 
the donors of these unexpected gifts. Coming in our time of financial distress, we cannot 
fail to discern in them the Lord's providential care of His work. 

The progress in self-supi)ort on our mission fields to which allusion has been made 
in previous reports still continues, and constitutes one of the cheering aspects in the work 
for the year. Missionaries have come to realize more fully than ever before the expecta- 
tions of the Union, and are making commendable efforts to do their full duty in this 
matter. Native pastors and evangelists, in response to the instructions given them by 
missionaries, are indoctrinating their people with regard to systematic giving to God, and 

J^&reig'n Department, 267 

are themselves in many cases with much of sacrifice enforcing the doctrine by thei' 
example. In the Telugu Mission, where on account of the poverty of our communicants 
comparatively little has been attempted until recently, the results along this line of effort 
have been a surprise. The movement in this mission is fast becoming universal, and 
though temporarily affected during the past year by the famine is full of promise for the 

The most important question of the year has been the financial problem. 
Preceding reports have emphasized the fact that the annual receipts were inadequate to 
efficiently maintain in its present dimensions and methods the work of the Society ; that 
larger offerings must come from the living or the area of missionary operation be con- 
siderably reduced if the recurrence of a debt each year was to be avoided. The hope 
has been cherished that these and other notes of warning repeatedly given would rally 
God's true people to hold firmly the fields into which divine Providence seems plainly 
to have led. This expectation has not been realized. For four successive years every 
wise exp)edient, short of actual abandonment of some portion of your mission fields, to 
maintain without dismemberment the work, has been resorted to, but without avail. 
Unmistakably the situation to which reference was made in the following words from the 
Finance Committee's report of last year has now been reached : " In case the debt 
shall be increased during the coming year, your Committee see no alternative but that 
suggested by the secretaries of the Board, of closing some of our missions or in some way 
curtailing the work." 

Now, should every dollar of the present debt be raised, to attempt to continue work 
on the present scale would simply result in incurring another, unless the offerings to the 
Society were largely increased. The subject has been one of frequent and earnest con- 
sideration by the Executive Committee, with the result that it has become their deliberate 
conviction : 

First, that the appropriations for the coming year should be made upon a scale some 
$60,000 below that of the past year. 

Second, that in the years to come the average receipts from all sources for the five 
preceding years should be adopted as the basis of missionary appropriations for any 
single year. 

To effect this will, in heathen lands, compel the actual abandonment of stations 
upon some of your mission fields with the recall of missionary families ; a serious reduc- 
tion in the force of native workers upon others ; besides such other curtailments in the 
furnishing of missionary equipment as cannot fail to prove a serious embarrassment to the 
workers on the field, and, for a time at least, restrict progress. From several of our 
European missions it will involve the withholding of nearly one-half the present appro- 
priations and a considerable reduction of the work in France, with the possible withdrawal 
altogether from Spain. When the extent to which retrenchment has already been 
carried, and how disproportionate to the growth and prosperity of the work have been 
the offerings of the past fivt years, is taken into the account, it must readily be seen that 
any line of action less drastic will fail to secure the relief demanded. The measures 
proposed are painful. They will entail grief and in some cases even suffering, and are 

268 Eighty'third Annual Report. 

to be adopted only as a last resort. It is fitting that the Union, upon which in the last 
analysis rests the responsibility of this great work, should be confronted with the situation. 
In the discharge of an imperative duty therefore your Committee have been compelled to 
communicate without reserve their convictions, not to create unnecessary alarm, but with 
a view of protecting the splendid missionary trust which the God of our fathers and our 
God has committed to the denomination. 

During the past year thirty-five men and women, including wives of missionaries 
and the appointees of the Woman's Societies, have been sent to the field. Of this number 
twenty-one were missionaries returning to their stations, and fourteen were new additions 
to the work. Ten persons are now under appointment — six of these by the Woman's 
Society, with the understanding that they will be sent out only when the requisite funds 
are furnished. For two others, appointees of the Union, the salaries are guaranteed. 

The following lists note the changes in the Missionary forces of the Union : 


E. S. Corson, M.D., Mr. Arthur Christopher, Miss Julia G. Craft, Miss Alberta 
Sumner, Miss Lolie Daniels, Miss Etta F. Edgerton, Miss E. Louisa Cummings, Miss 
Gertrude M. Welles, Miss Stella Relyea, Rev. George A. Huntley, Rev. A. F. Groesbeck, 
Miss Sarah R. Bustard, Miss Anna M. Linker, Miss Annie L. Crowl, Miss Margaret M. 
Sutherland, Miss Ada L. Newell, Miss La Verne Minness. 


To Burma, — Rev. M. B. Kirkpatrick, M.D., G. H. Richardson, M.D., Mrs. G. H. 
Richardson, Mrs. H.-W. Hancock, Mrs. John McGuire, Mrs. F. H. Eveleth, Rev. John 
Cummings, Miss Etta L. Chapman, Miss Julia G. Craft, Miss Lisbeth B. Hughes, Rev. 
A. V. B. Crumb, Rev. B. P. Cross, Mrs. W. F. Armstrong, E. S. Corson, M.D., Mrs. 
E. S. Corson. 

To Assam, — Rev. and Mrs. M. C. Mason, Rev. and Mrs. I. E. Munger, Miss 
Alberta Sumner, Miss Lolie Daniels, Rev. and Mrs. C. E. Petrick. 

To South India, — Miss Etta F. Edgerton, Rev. and Mrs. Edwin Bullard. 

To China, — Miss Emma Inveen, now Mrs. Upcraft. 

To Japan, — Miss E. R. Church, Miss E. Louise Cummings. 

To the Congo, — Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hill, Mr. Arthur Christopher, Rev. Charles 
H. Harvey, Mrs. A. Billington. Mrs. P. Frederickson. 


J. S. Grant, M.D., Mrs. J. S. Grant, Prof, and Mrs. D. C. Gilmore, W. H. I^slie, 
M.D., Mrs. W. H. Leslie, Rev. and Mrs. W. F. Thomas, Miss Sarah R. Slater, Rev. 
Christian Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. George Warner, Miss Naomi Garton, M.D., Rev. and 
Mrs. Ernest Grigg, Miss H. M. Browne, Rev. and Mrs. Emil Tribolet, Mrs. W. F. Arm- 
strong, Miss Ida F. Skinner, Rev. and Mrs. H. P. Cochrane, Rev. and Mrs. W. H. 
Beeby, Mrs. E. W. Kelly, Mrs. W. H. Roberts, Rev. and Mrs. Geo. J. Geis, Mr. A. 

Foreign Department. 269 

Young, Rev. T. H. Hoste, Mrs. Ola Hanson, Miss Eva C. Stark